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					Connecticut
Career Paths
    Under Construction:
  Road Map to Your Future

                                                                             INSIDE
                                                                       Choosing Careers
                                                                       Jobs in Demand
                                                                       Career
                                                                       Descriptions
                                                                          & Wages
                                                                       Training
                                                                       Job Hunting
                                                                       Web Sites
                                                                       Resources
                                                                       State Agencies



○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○○
This report is published by the Connecticut Career Resource Network,
 the Department of Labor, and the State Department of Education


                         2004
 CCRN                                               Table of Contents
    Connecticut Career Resource                     A Message from the Commissioners ............................... 3
              Network                               Adult Education Opportunities........................................ 4
A unit of the Connecticut Department of             Which Jobs are in Demand? ............................................ 4
Labor, CCRN works to bring labor market
                                                    Greater Learning = Higher Earning ................................. 5
information to counselors, educators, and job
seekers. Substantial funding is provided by the     Show Me the Money ........................................................ 8
State Department of Education and DOL’s             Putting Genes and You to Work in Bioscience .............. 9
Center for Faith-Based and Community-Based          Career Assessment ......................................................... 11
Initiatives to publish the:
                                                    The Road Less Traveled ................................................. 12
     CONNECTICUT CAREER                             Parental Guidance .......................................................... 14
           PATHS                                    Faith-Based and Community-Based Initiatives ............. 14
PROJECT DIRECTOR                                    Career Table ................................................................... 15
    Roger Therrien                                  Job & Career ConneCTion ............................................. 33
    Director of Research
                                                    Connecticut Learns: A School-to-Career System........... 34
EDITORS                                             Education and Training Sites ......................................... 37
    Carol Bridges                                   The Anatomy of a Résumé ............................................ 41
    CCRN Program Manager
                                                    Surf the Net .................................................................... 42
      Wanda Izdebski                                The Workers’ Compensation Commission .................... 44
      Research Assistant                            Education & Employment Information Center ............. 44
                                                    Connecticut Department of Labor ................................. 45
      John Tirinzonie
      Director of Job Development Unit              Employment Help for Persons with Disabilities........... 46
                                                    Regional Vocational Technical Schools ......................... 47
      Cynthia DeLisa
                                                    Army National Guard ..................................................... 48
      Research Analyst

DESIGNERS
    Erin Wilkins
    Research Analyst

      Grayson Gregory
      Research Analyst

      Karen Burgess                                           Connecticut Career Paths is also available
      Administrative Assistant                                  on-line at www.ctdol.state.ct.us/lmi.

     For further information, contact:            It is the policy of the Connecticut State Board of Education and the
  Connecticut Career Resource Network             Department of Labor that no person shall be excluded from
    Connecticut Department of Labor               participation in, denied the benefits of, or otherwise discriminated
        200 Folly Brook Boulevard                 against under any program, including employment, because of
          Wethersfield, CT 06109                  race, color, religious creed, sex, age, national origin, ancestry,
              (860) 263-6258                      marital status, sexual orientation, mental retardation or past/present
      carolyn.bridges@po.state.ct.us              history of mental disorder, learning disability or physical disability.
                                              Career Paths ❖ Page 2
A Message from the Commissioners

 Dear Reader:

 Connecticut is a great place to live and work. The best and brightest minds of today and
 tomorrow are choosing to call Connecticut their home. Despite a sluggish economy, the state’s
 unemployment rate is about a percentage point lower than the national average. And although
 the job market has gotten tighter, many of Connecticut’s companies continue to search for
 workers.

 In today’s society, layoffs and downsizing have become a way of doing business, reshaping
 organizations, occupations and careers. In these times of uncertainty, there is no longer security
 in the workplace. You can expect to change jobs and careers several times during your working
 life.

 Choosing a career is one of the most important decisions we make in life. Career planning is a
 lifelong process that requires making complex decisions. It can determine your quality of life
 and your role in Connecticut’s future.

 The bottom line is that our state offers a wide array of opportunities for those who are just
 starting out in their careers and for those who are thinking of making a change. Being aware of
 what jobs are in demand is key in today’s world. And taking time to do a little research can go a
 long way toward ensuring a satisfying career.

 Access to reliable information is essential for making informed decisions. Connecticut Career
 Paths contains information that can help you make the decision that is right for you. It
 contains current labor market information on over 180 occupations that enables individuals to
 plan for the jobs of tomorrow, as well as today. It also includes an overview of employment-
 related services available from state agencies.

 In today’s fast-moving global economy, the more you keep your skills and education up to date
 the better your chances are for a successful and profitable future. We hope this publication will
 assist you in achieving your goals.

 Our best wishes to you in your future endeavors.

 Sincerely,                                              Sincerely,




 Shaun B. Cashman, Commissioner                          Betty J. Sternberg, Commissioner
 Department of Labor                                     State Department of Education




                                     Career Paths ❖ Page 3
                                                 Career Paths ❖ Page 4
  and occupations that require short-term on-the-job training can be found at www.ctdol.state.ct.us/lmi.
  The next three pages detail the careers with the highest demand in Connecticut. More information on job growth
  $29,730      Library Technicians                                 $31,035       Billing Clerks and Machine Operators
  $30,195      Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators              $33,230       Bill and Account Collectors
  $30,365      Order Clerks                                        $39,700       Postal Mail Carriers
demand that do have higher than average wages, which include:
(OJT), the annual salary for these positions averages $23,782. There are some short-term OJT jobs in
there will be a greater number of job openings for positions that need short-term on-the-job training
education with an average salary of $66,735. While
                                                                                    4%
degree. Workers will be rewarded for their extra
                                                                                First Prof.
                                                                               Master's/Dr./
                                                                                                    18%
job openings in Connecticut will require a Bachelor’s
                                                                                                 Bachelor's
As the chart on the right displays, 18 percent of annual     41%
                                                             OJT
                                                          Short-Term                                              10%
                                                                                                               Associate's
field, or relocate to find employment.
below your training level, take a position in a different
competition in finding a job, take a position that is                                                             5%
                                                                                                            Work Experience
                                                                                   15%            7%
choice has few openings, you must be willing to face
                                                                             Moderate-Term   Long-Term OJT
graduating or completing training.        If your career
and how difficult it will be to find employment after                Occupational Training Requirements
research how much training or education is necessary                     Total Annual Openings by
When considering occupations, it is important to
                                                           Which Jobs are in Demand?
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       Career and Adult Education in the State Department of Education at (860) 807-2121.
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       For further information, contact your local school district or the Bureau of Early Childhood,
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       usually a fee.
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       enrolled in school. Enrichment or Continuing Education courses are also available, although there is
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       All the programs described above are FREE for individuals who are at least 16 years of age and no longer
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       N Preparation for the Citizenship examination for foreign born adults.
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          understanding the English language; and
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       N English for individuals who wish to improve their abilities in speaking, writing, reading and/or
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       N Basic academic skills in reading, writing, mathematics and oral communication;
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       Adult Education programs also offer classes in these areas:
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       research projects.
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       courses, work and/or military experience and may offer the opportunity for independent study or
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       One of these programs may meet your needs as an adult learner. Several provide credit for prior academic
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                                N External Diploma Program.
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                                N Adult High School Credit Diploma Program; and
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                                N Preparation for the GED (General Educational Development) Test;
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       for obtaining a high school diploma:
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       examination or improve your math and reading skills. There are a number of options available
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       your high school education, increase your English language skills, prepare for the citizenship
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       It doesn’t matter how old you are or how long ago you last took a course, you can still complete
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                           Adult Education Opportunities
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                     Greater Learning = Higher Earning
                                                                                   Average
                                                                                  Annual Job Annual
                                    Occupation                                     Openings   Wage
Bachelor’s Degree plus              General and Operations Managers                       559 $99,965
Experience                          Secondary School Teachers                             488 $53,435
                                    Elementary School Teachers                            445 $52,480
A Bachelor’s degree traditionally   Accountants and Auditors                              432 $61,185
requires four years of full-time    Computer Software Engineers, Applications             412 $76,575
study after high school. Some of    Computer Systems Analysts                             411 $67,050
these occupations require work      Business Operations Specialists, All Other            397 $55,685
experience as an additional         Financial Managers                                    262 $92,850
prerequisite. In Connecticut, a     Computer and Information Systems Managers             224 $98,730
person can start teaching with a    Securities, Commodities, and Financial Sales Agents   229 $94,890
Bachelor’s degree, but must         Computer Programmers                                  217 $68,230
complete a fifth year of study      Network and Computer Systems Administrators           199 $64,130
within ten years.                   Middle School Teachers                                199 $54,350
                                    Recreation Workers                                    195 $23,465
                                    Insurance Sales Agents                                193 $60,540
                                    Chief Executives                                      190 $127,710
                                    Mechanical Engineers                                  186 $64,140
                                    Sales Managers                                        174 $94,770
                                    Financial Analysts                                    156 $74,805
                                    Management Analysts                                   155 $74,605
                                    Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software         153 $70,060
                                    Aerospace Engineers                                   143 $73,955
                                    Medical and Health Services Managers                  132 $79,430
                                    Social Workers, Child, Family, and School             130 $48,120
                                    Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education          120 $23,515
                                    Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts      115 $63,410
                                    Personal Financial Advisors                           110 $85,475
                                    Public Relations Specialists                          108 $49,940
                                    Editors                                               106 $52,775
                                    Marketing Managers                                    104 $96,335
                                    Database Administrators                               102 $63,370
                                    Social and Community Service Managers                 100 $54,265
                                    Market Research Analysts                               95 $64,815
                                    Construction Managers                                  93 $83,120
                                    Graphic Designers                                      92 $43,485
                                    Teachers, Primary, Secondary, and Adult, All Other     91 $41,175
                                    Medical and Public Health Social Workers               86 $44,410
                                    Administrative Services Managers                       83 $71,970
                                    Financial Specialists, All Other                       81 $55,790
                                    Property, Real Estate, and Community
                                      Association Managers                                 79   $61,060
                                    Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and
                                      Farm Products                                        78   $51,445

                                       Career Paths ❖ Page 5
                                                                                       Average
First Professional, Doctor’s                                                          Annual Job Annual
and Master’s Degrees                 Occupation                                        Openings   Wage

This table includes three groups     Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors       135 $51,425
of occupations that require study    Pharmacists                                          128 $77,715
beyond a Bachelor’s degree: First    Physical Therapists                                  123 $64,225
Professional degree - such as law;   Lawyers                                              106 $100,825
Doctoral degree - such as college    Rehabilitation Counselors                            105 $35,695
faculty; and Master’s degree -       Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists           100 $84,030
such as psychologists.               Biochemists and Biophysicists                         98 $70,365
                                     Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists        81 $56,965




Associate’s Degree or                Registered Nurses                                 1,268    $54,035
Vocational Training                  Computer Support Specialists                        575    $45,885
                                     Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics        393    $36,750
This table includes occupations      Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists      309    $24,725
that require an Associate’s          Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses   276    $43,400
degree, which is generally two       Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors           164    $38,715
years of full-time academic work     Medical Secretaries                                 155    $31,775
after high school. Also included     Dental Hygienists                                   114    $58,500
are occupations requiring            Radiologic Technologists and Technicians            114    $44,725
training, anywhere from a few        Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics        111    $29,900
weeks to a year, resulting in        Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers            109    $32,605
certification. To be certified,      Computer Specialists, All Other                     105    $63,370
some occupations require passing     Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel                  102    $40,540
an examination after completion        Engine Specialists
of training. The average annual      Chefs and Head Cooks                                 90    $40,330
wage for workers in this group
is $42,671.



Work Experience in a                 Administrative Support Supervisors/Managers          458   $47,050
Related Occupation                   Retail Sales Supervisors/Managers                    433   $39,190
                                     Production & Operating Supervisors/Managers          285   $54,240
This group includes occupations      Food Preparation & Serving Supervisors/Managers      238   $31,985
that require skills and experience   Mechanics, Installers & Repairers
that may be gained from another        Supervisors/Managers                               173   $57,605
occupation or activity. These        Managers, All Other                                  164   $82,250
activities may include hobbies       Construction and Extraction Supervisors/Managers     151   $58,210
and service in the Armed Forces.     Non-Retail Sales Supervisors/Managers                126   $68,845
The average annual wage for          Housekeeping and Janitorial Supervisors/Managers      94   $36,530
workers in this group is $50,145.



                                         Career Paths ❖ Page 6
                                                                                    Average
Long-Term                                                                           Annual Job Annual
On-the-Job Training                 Occupation                                       Openings   Wage

This category includes workers      Cooks, Restaurant                                      306   $24,325
that are considered employed in     Carpenters                                             290   $42,480
an occupation while receiving       Police and Sheriff’s Patrol Officers                   276   $48,915
more than 12 months of on-the-      Electricians                                           266   $46,215
job training or instruction. It     Machinists                                             190   $35,765
includes apprenticeships and        Maintenance and Repair Workers, General                161   $35,870
intensive employer-sponsored        Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters                145   $46,130
training. The average annual        Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria                       137   $27,010
wage for workers in this group      Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators             117   $34,435
is $40,469.                         Bakers                                                 114   $24,130
                                    Fire Fighters                                          110   $46,840
                                    Automotive Body and Related Repairers                  105   $39,665
                                    Heating, A/C, Refrigeration Mechanics & Installers      88   $43,065
                                    Tool and Die Makers                                     83   $45,135
                                    Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators          77   $52,195



Moderate-Term                       Customer Service Representatives                       861   $31,990
On-the-Job Training                 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing     548   $61,530
                                    Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks           540   $33,930
This category covers occupations    Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive      476   $30,870
in which workers can develop the    Executive Secretaries and Administrative Assistants    408   $40,650
skills needed for average job       Social and Human Service Assistants                    360   $33,380
performance after one to twelve     Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer               359   $37,885
months of combined on-the-job       Medical Assistants                                     286   $29,640
experience and informal training.   Team Assemblers                                        224   $26,680
The average annual wage for         Correctional Officers and Jailers                      211   $38,315
workers in this group is $35,516.   Wholesale and Manufacturing Sales Representatives,
                                      Tech/Scientific Products                             202   $73,880
                                    Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers   176   $33,035
                                    Pharmacy Technicians                                   153   $23,405
                                    Dental Assistants                                      147   $33,700
                                    Construction Laborers                                  145   $34,730
                                    Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers                       122   $20,780
                                    Painters, Construction and Maintenance                 120   $34,400
                                    Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks          105   $35,045
                                    Advertising Sales Agents                               103   $55,580
                                    Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity                     103   $31,055
                                    Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters           100   $29,805
                                    Data Entry Keyers                                       90   $26,705
                                    Construction Equipment Operators                        89   $46,550
                                    Sheet Metal Workers                                     87   $40,885
                                    Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators       85   $34,465

                                        Career Paths ❖ Page 7
                      Show Me the Money!
Part of being a responsible citizen includes financially supporting yourself and your family. When managed
properly, even small salaries can stretch to meet your needs. To better negotiate salary offers, have a range in mind
before you begin interviewing. The budget below provides a template for your own financial plan.

 Joe’s Budget                                    Pointers for Financial Stability
 Joe works 40 hours a week as an auto-           $ Check your credit rating at least once a year. This gives you
 motive mechanic and earns $15 an hour.            the opportunity to correct mistakes, catch identity theft,
 He lives in a one bedroom apartment and           and receive tips on improving your rating. For more infor-
 recently bought a second-hand car. His            mation, contact these credit reporting agencies:
 mid-term savings are earmarked for start-                   www.Experian.com ~ 888-397-3742
 ing his own automotive shop. To improve                    www.Truecredit.com ~ 800-493-2392
 his financial standing, he is focusing on                     www.Equifax.com ~ 800-685-1111
 paying off his credit card debt.                          www.Transunion.com ~ 800-916-8800
                                  Monthly        $ Prepare for emergencies, illness, or unemployment by main-
   Joe’s Income                     Totals         taining a savings account balance of at least three months’
   Gross Income                    $2,600          expenses. In Joe’s case, the minimum safety net would equal
   Payroll Deductions                 650          $5,500 (3 x $1,830).
     (insurance,taxes,Social Security,etc.;      $ Set financial goals with deadlines. Before spending money,
   typically equals 25% of gross income)           ask yourself if the item is more important than your goal.
   Net Income                       $1,950       $ Visit with a financial planner and discuss specific goals.
                                                   The “perfect” financial plan will change due to your goals:
                                  Monthly          saving for your children’s education, providing for your
   Joe’s Expenses                  Totals          elderly parent, saving for a home, or retiring early.
   Rent                             $650         $ Save for retirement, no matter how small the amount.
   Utilities                         150           Accounts that automatically deduct from your savings
      (phone, heat,A/C, electric, cable TV)        account or paycheck make saving easier.
   Car Payment                         200       $ You won’t miss what you’ve never had. When you pay off a
   Auto Insurance                      110         loan or your income increases, deposit that “payment” or
   Car Tax                              20         raise into a savings account.
   Groceries                           200       $ Why pay more? Pay off your credit card balances every month to
   Credit card debt                     70         avoid interest fees. Missing or late payments on any account
   Personal Items                      400         will reflect poorly when applying for a home or automotive
      (gifts,dining,clothing,haircuts,etc.)        loan - resulting in a rejection or higher interest rate.
   Medical                               30      $ No credit can be just as bad as poor credit - do create accounts
      (co-pays,dental,prescriptions)               in your name and pay them on time every month to establish
   Total Expenses                   $1,830         a good credit history.
                                                 $ Limit your trips to the ATM. Take out a set amount each
                             Monthly               week and keep your spending under that amount.
   Joe’s Savings              Totals             $ If you work more than one job, check to make sure enough
   Retirement Savings           $75                money is witheld from your paychecks to cover taxes on
   Short and Mid-term savings     45               your total income. Often people working two jobs will
      (taxes/vacation/education/house)             wind up owing a large amount at tax time!
   Total Savings                       $120      $ Put things in perspective. Cable TV and that daily coffee
                                                   from the cafe can total $400 a year each. Would you rather
                                                   have that money in a savings plan?

                                               Career Paths ❖ Page 8
                              Putting Genes and You to Work
                                      in BioScience
                                         BioScience these days is more than         significant critical thinking and the
                                         just a scientist conducting experiments    ability to identify research problems,
                                         at a bench. Traditional laboratories       propose solutions, design experi-
You don’t need a Ph.D. to play a role    have experienced a technology revo-        ments to achieve successful
in one of the most exciting times in     lution and many are filled with the        outcomes and analyze data to deter-
the history of modern medicine.          latest scientific equipment and com-       mine results.
Scientists mapping the Human Ge-         puters. Many processes are automated
nome have produced a wealth of           to help speed the research process.      Get a Background in Science
new information that BioScience          This automation and availability of      Connecticut is home to more than
companies are using to develop new       computer technology has created          45 colleges and universities, with the
therapeutics to treat diseases that      broad opportunities for those with a     majority of them offering degrees in
contribute to the quality of life, and   B.S., M.S. or Ph.D. to participate in    the life sciences. Yale University,
ultimately save lives. The use of        innovative research.                     The University of Connecticut and
technology in BioScience is                                                                   the Connecticut State
advancing research at a sig-                                                                  University System, in-
nificant pace and resulting            BIOSCIENCE CAREER CRITERIA                             cluding Central, Eastern,
in improvements in agricul-                                                                   Southern and Western
ture and diagnostic tests for                                                                 are the most widely
disease. These advance-                             Interest in Science                       known in the BioScience
ments in technology and                                                                       industry.
                                                        Team Player
science represent a signifi-
cant opportunity to change             Strong Reading, Writing and Math Skills                For career changers or
the traditional research and                Ability to Work with Computers                    those interested in
development process. Be-                                                                      shorter-term education,
cause of this, there are many                    Problem-Solving Ability                      Connecticut is fortunate
unique opportunities for           Desire to Constantly Improve Knowledge Base                in that several of its com-
qualified individuals seeking                                                                 munity colleges offer
a career in BioScience.                                                                       educational programs
                                                                                              that prepare students for
Connecticut is home to more than           Ph.D.s In Top Demand                   entry-level positions in BioScience.
100 BioScience organizations,              Ph.D.s are always in top demand in     Middlesex Community College, for
including pharmaceutical and               the BioScience industry and opportu-   example, offers a Biotechnology
biotechnology companies, research          nities abound in pharmaceutical and    Program where students learn the
and educational institutions, health-      biotechnology organizations for per-   ins-and-outs of biology, chemistry,
related corporations and professional      sons with doctorate degrees in         microbiology,            molecular
societies. Connecticut has experi-         biochemistry, chemistry, chemical and  biotechniques, genetics and chemi-
enced phenomenal growth in the             biochemical engineering, molecular     cal instrumentation. Once the
BioScience industry and employs            biology, cell biology, immunology,     program is completed, students have
16,500 people throughout the state.        microbiology and other life sciences.  the basic education to obtain a tech-
Nationally, BioScience employment          These professionals lead an            nical position in a BioScience
has nearly doubled in the last six         organization’s research and develop-   company where they may be re-
years to 191,000 jobs.                     ment efforts and the positions require sponsible for running experiments
                                                Career Paths ❖ Page 9
and operating computer-based labo-       qualified for entry level positions as   proteins function and how they in-
ratory equipment. Many of the            an instrumentation calibration tech-     teract with one another to affect
companies support further educa-         nician for production, validation and    disease in the human body, is quickly
tion so individuals can grow in          research equipment. The program          emerging as the “hot” field in
expertise and responsibility in a re-    has been designated a “Center of         BioScience. The study of
search organization.                     Excellence” by the Board of Gover-       pharmacogenomics focuses on how
                                         nors for Higher Education and is         particular medicines function to treat
It’s All About The Technology            accredited by the Technology Ac-         diseases and also how particular
BioScience has experienced a tech-       creditation Commission of the            medicines may work better in one
nology revolution and, now-a-days,       Accreditation Board for Engineer-        person over another because of an
many experiments are run by robots       ing and Technology (TAC/ABET).           individual person’s genetic compo-
and computers. While laboratory                                                   sition. The hope is that these fields
notebooks are still kept, results from   Business Professionals, Please?          of study will lead to safer, more
experiments are chronicled in the        Just like other industries, BioScience   effective therapeutics to save lives
archives of massive computer sys-        organizations still need profession-     and treat disease.
tems and the information is analyzed     als with business and administrative
by computer programs based on            expertise, from marketing and sales,     A Rapidly Changing and Exciting
complicated algorithms. This has         to legal, accounting, finance and        Field
provided many opportunities for          human resource expertise. Moni-          It’s no secret that BioScience is a
computer science professionals in        toring clinical trials provides many     rapidly changing and exciting field,
the BioScience field. In addition, it    opportunities to work directly with      and now is a better time than ever to
has given rise to the new field of       clinical research facilities as medi-    become part of it. Significant ad-
Bioinformatics, or the study of          cines are developed. Organizing          vancements are being made on a
BioScience combined with informa-        data and participating in the regula-    daily basis with the goal of improv-
tion technology.                         tory submission area also offers         ing human health, and there are many
                                         unique and challenging opportuni-        unique opportunities for people to
Bioinformaticists typically hold a       ties.                                    take part in the revolution.
bachelor’s degree, master’s or doc-
torate in computer science or biology    A general understanding of science       - Contributed by Gary Wilson, CURE
and develop software programs that       or the BioScience industry is always     and the Connecticut BioScience
operate an organization’s automated      helpful in obtaining administrative      Cluster Committee
lab equipment, perform unique al-        positions in a BioScience company,       For more information, go to:
gorithms to analyze data for research    but not always necessary. There are      www.curenet.org
scientists and run a company’s data-     also many opportunities in
base of research information.            BioScience administration for Ph.D.s
                                         with business experience. These
In addition, with all the automated      people are in particularly high de-
laboratory equipment in BioScience       mand because of their ability to
today, there is a need for engineers     understand the science behind the
to run and maintain the complicated      organization’s business.
systems. Gateway Community Col-
lege offers a biomedical engineering     BioScience Continues to Advance
technology program where students        As technology improves and research
learn how to maintain, calibrate and     continues to innovate, new fields of
modify and adapt biomedical equip-       study in the life sciences are evolv-
ment. Graduates of the program are       ing. Proteomics, or the study of how

                                               Career Paths ❖ Page 10
                               Career Assessment
Are you looking for a new career? For career success,             results of the tests and compare them. Look for
it is important to choose a career that fits your person-         patterns and careers that show up on more than one list.
ality and interests. With proper career selection, the            A career counselor can help in interpreting and integrat-
daily grind can turn into workday utopia (or at least a           ing the results of the assessment tests. Remember that
“hey, this job isn’t so bad”). For example, a creative,           any assessment is only a guide: results are only possibili-
artisticly gifted painter would probably dread a work-            ties, not certainties. Disregard any results that don’t
day as a detail-oriented accountant. Even if the per-             ring true for you.
son did not fail, they would find the work stressful and
                                                                  For more information on assessments and career plan-
less enjoyable.
                                                                  ning, contact any local CTWorks office. Check page 45
 Because career assessment tests evaluate your skills and         for the nearest location. If you are a student, visit the
interests, taking one can be a first step in the process          Career Center in your school. Many schools assist
of self-discovery. Relax - there are no wrong answers             alumni as well as current students. Web sites such as
to these tests. However, you do need to be absolutely             www.quintcareers.com and www.jobhuntersbible.com
honest about your interests, skills, and behavior or the          offer career assessment advice; see pages 42 and 43 for
tests will give misleading results. There are many types          additional Web sites.
of assessment tests available: online, paper and pencil,
and face-to-face with a career counselor. Some assess-
ments can be taken for free; some have a fee charged.                                 Narrowing
Assessments are generally divided into personality and
                                                                                         the
career tests. If you are not sure what type of job or                                  Search
career you want, it’s best to use both types of assess-            The more you know about your future career, the
ment. Your skills, interests and personality traits affect         more prepared you will be for career opportunities.
your job choices. A personality assessment such as the             Consult guidance counselors, librarians, and, most
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator looks at the type of per-              importantly, employees who work in the field. Be
sonality you have. The results of this test can point you          able to describe your career with the categories below:
towards a career or industry in which you would likely               • Description of the job and daily tasks
be comfortable and proficient. Some online personality               • Advantages and disadvantages of the job
assessments can be found at www.personalitytype.com                  • Career ladder and advancement possibilities
and www.keirsey.com.                                                 • Cost, location, and length of training/
A career assessment usually guides you towards specific                 education
types of occupations. After completing these assess-                 • Job security and future changes
ments, you get a general description of interests or                 • Location of jobs
skills, and usually a list of careers that match your traits.        • Salary for entry-level and experienced workers
It is a good tool to use to start exploring specific jobs.         There are many ways to explore a career before
Some online career assessments can be found at:                    commiting to a training program or job. For hands-
   • www.self-directed-search.com;                                 on experience, consider part-time work, volunteer
   • www.careerplanning.about.com; and                             work, job shadowing, internships, and apprenticeships.
   • www.princetonreview.com/cte/quiz/default.asp.                 Not only will these experiences help you gain a better
                                                                   understanding of your career pick, they look great on
There are numerous assessments, and you must feel                  a résumé, help build networking contacts, and improve
comfortable with the test you are taking. No one test              your work related skills. Consult a career counselor
gives more accurate results than another does; there-              to help you get started.
fore, it is often best to take multiple tests. Print out the


                                                    Career Paths ❖ Page 11
                 The Road Less Traveled:
                       Detours from the Average Career
              for a moment and consider that one third of your day is spent at work. If you want a career that you’ll
              enjoy and feel passionate about, consider how you can depart from the norm to find (or create!) a job that
              expresses your unique personality. What do you have a passion for doing? What are your special
              strengths? Think of your life goals. Do you want to be known for improving the lives of children, breaking
              athletic records, or building a business from the ground up? The possibilities are limitless.
                                                                                     Do you want a conversation-
            Inspiration Point                                                        stopping job? Check out
                                                                                     these unusual careers:
  Jack Mehivic was a stressed-out salesman who was stuck in a miserable rut.         Airshow Pilot
 He hated his job, but needed to put bread on the table. He really loved to play     AquariumKeeper
 bridge, but could not see how it could provide an income. So he kept his sales      Beekeeper
 job and decided to teach bridge to people on Friday nights and weekends.            BicycleMessenger
 Before he knew it, he was in such great demand that he had to end his sales         Bigfoot Researcher
 career in order to teach bridge full time. Eventually, he needed to hire other      BillboardHander
 teachers, and in time, he expanded to other cities. When all was said and           Blimp Pilot
 done, he ended up earning far more money as a teacher than he ever had as           BodyPartsModel
 a salesman.                                                                         Body Piercer
                                                                                     Brewmaster
Celebrity Impersonator                                                               Building Imploder
Christmas Lighting Designer                                                          CartoonCharacterImpersonator...
Christmas Tree Farmer
ComedyWriter
Costume Designer                           Caution: ANIMALS
CowboyCraneOperator
Cryonicist
                                                Crossing with CAREERS
  (freezing dead bodies)              Aside from veterinarians, how many jobs involve animals? Plenty; read on:
Cryptographer                         Pet Lawyer - negotiate the complex world of animal bites, purebred
Demolition Contractor                 breeders, and landlord-tenant disputes. Be aware that emotional involvement
Dog Walker                            can jeopardize the ability to perform your job well.
Entomologist                          Blacksmiths - otherwise known as farriers, custom design horseshoes. Work
Food Stylist                          involves observing and examining horses along with using a forge to heat and
Greeting Card Writer                  shape metal.
Helicopter Traffic Reporter           Taxidermists - preserve deceased pets, hunted animals, and fish for trophies
Ice Sculpture Carver                  and remembrances.
La-Z-Boy Furniture Tester             Animal curators - formulate care guidelines, make breeding decisions,
Lost Luggage Locator                  supervise keepers and exhibit designs in zoos or aquariums.
MannequinMaker                        Animal rehabilitators - work with sick or injured wild animals. They nurse
Marine Mammal Trainer                 the animals back to health and then retrain them for survival before releasing
Mascot Pace Car Driver                them into their natural habitat.
Muppet Special Effects Creator        Pet day care providers - play with and supervise animals. They may also
OdorJudge                             visit pets in their home while owners are at work or on vacation.
Paranormal Researcher                 Animal trainer - Disobedient pet? Animal trainers can train animals to obey
Pyrotechnics Artist (fireworks)...    simple behavioral commands, or train dogs to be seeing eye or guard dogs.
                                               Career Paths ❖ Page 12
Restaurant Critic
RodeoClown
Secret Shopper           Do you crave physical challenges or an adrenaline rush? You won’t have any
Sports Mascot
Storm Chaser
StuntPerson
                         difficulty staying awake in these
                                                          Adventure Careers.
                         Wilderness adventure travel leaders guide small groups of adults or teenagers on
Tattoo Artist            mentally and physically challenging trips. Some examples of activities include backpack-
TelephonePsychic         ing through Yosemite National Park, sea kayaking in the San Juan Islands, sailing the
Toupee Maker             Kona Coast of Hawaii, rafting down the jungle rivers in Costa Rica, or scuba diving in
Trend Spotter            the Great Barrier Reef in Australia.
Video Game               Teach bicycling, rock climbing, mountaineering, canoeing, snorkeling, caving, horse
  Designer               packing, windsurfing, snow boarding and high ropes courses. Specialized indoor gyms
Voice-Over Actor         allow people to practice during off-seasons.
Web Site Monitor         High rise window washers are suspended by two cables while working and enjoy a
Wedding Video Editor     bird’s eye view of a terrific, everchanging scene. The negative side? Strong winds can
Wedding Planner          buffet workers against the side of a building with dangerous force, causing injuries.
WindowDresser            Sword swallowers can also include fire, bayonets, and scissors in their acts. They find
Wildlands Firefighter    work at sideshow museums, private parties, and as public entertainment. Before
YogaInstructor           performing, a deep state of relaxation is obtained through tai chi, yoga, or meditation.
Zamboni Driver
                                                                      Be an Entrepreneur
    But How Would I Spend                                       Are you ready to start your own business? Be-
      My Vacation Time?                                         ing your own boss comes with great freedom
                                                                and great responsibility. Before you start, you
  The fast growing cruise industry provides ca-
                                                                should be able to answer these questions:
  reer opportunities for those who want to travel,
                                                                G Who are my potential customers?
  experience the world, and meet new people. Ten
                                                                G Who are my competitors?
  to twenty new luxury liners are being built every
                                                                G How do I advertise and promote my product?
  year, and there are also opportunities to work on
                                                                G Where is the best location for my business?
  eco-tour ships, steamboats, and sailing yachts.
                                                                G How much are starting expenses? Include taxes,
  As part of the cruise staff, job options would
                                                                  licensure, equipment, utilities, and inventory.
  include cruise directors, performers, swimming
                                                                G Where are my suppliers?
  instructors, or shore excursion staff. Deck posi-
                                                                G Will I need special transportation for my
  tions involve maintaining and running the ves-
                                                                  products or supplies?
  sel, and keeping it in line with fleet regulations
                                                                G How do I record payroll, income, and expenses?
  and international maritime laws. Officers are in
                                                                G What kind of insurance coverage do I need?
  charge of passenger safety, while the purser, or
                                                                  Include liability, theft, life, and health.
  treasurer, is in charge of passenger accounts, tick-
                                                                G Where do I find answers to legal and account-
  ets, and changing currency.
                                                                  ing questions?
  Service and hospitality jobs are responsible
  for managing the shipboard restaurants, bars, pas-            In order to be your own boss, certain personal
  senger cabins, and retail concessions. Personal               qualities are important for success. Do you have
  care positions work in spa and beauty shop fa-                initiative and self-discipline, enjoy challenges,
  cilities and take care of the medical needs of the            and recognize opportunity? Being your own
  crew and passengers. Included here are                        boss isn’t always easy. Self-employed persons
  salon operators, cosmetologists, beauticians,                 often work more than 40 hours a week!
  medical staff, massage therapists, personal                   Check with your local community college or
  trainers, and fitness instructors.                            Chamber of Commerce for more information.

                                                 Career Paths ❖ Page 13
                                                    Career Paths ❖ Page 14
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             One-Stop employment system and to invite their participation in the process.”
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           “Reaching out to Faith-Based and Community-Based Organizations to market Connecticut’s
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                                                                  Best Practices and Success Stories
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                                                                  Funding Opportunities
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                                                                  Calendar of Events
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         Connecticut including:
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         Find valuable information about Faith-Based and Community-Based workforce development initiatives in
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                                    at www.ctdol.state.ct.us/fbo/default.htm
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        Check out the new Department of Labor Web site focused on Faith-Based and Community-Based Initiatives
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feet are too flat and gets rejected.
Have a back up plan. Perhaps your child is set on joining the army, then upon application, discovers that her
                                      Discuss values and lifestyles: vacation, housing, family size, special interests.
aunts, godparents, older siblings, etc. Discuss people your child knows and their careers.
Parents don’t know everything. Encourage your child to talk with adult family members or friends about careers:
Avoid statements like “Go for a job that pays a lot.” Sit down and do the math - how much do you need to make.
yourself, do not steer your child to that career.
on to your child. If you always wanted to be an electrician and still think it’s a good career choice, pursue it for
Know that your child’s interests and abilities may be very different from yours. Do not pass your career desires
only helps them in career decisions, it works as incentive to keep their grades up to par.
does interest them. Visit schools that offer those programs, and ask about admissions requirements. This not
Bring them to work. If they are not interested in your line of work, arrange a job shadow day with a career that
Compliment your child on accomplishments and grades. Notice what their personality strengths and weaknesses are.
for their needs.
much you pay for cars, insurance, mortgage, etc. This will help them decide if a career will earn enough money
Have your child present when you balance your checkbook and pay bills. Explain how much you make, how
              Refrain from positive or negative comments about your child’s career interests. Do provide facts.
for their future success. There are many ways in which parents can help:
siblings. It is important that parents use this influence in a positive way, to encourage their children to make the best decisions
Research shows that parents have the most influence on their kids’ choice of career, more than friends, teachers, counselors or
         Parental Guidance
                                    CAREER TABLE
Occupational Title, Description, and SOC Code
This column indicates the title and duties of each occupation. The Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) System classifies
occupations based upon work performed and on required skills, education, training and credentials. The duties performed will
depend upon your employer, training and experience. Each occupation is identified by a code that can be used to find more
detailed information about that occupation in reference books or through on-line data applications.
Number Employed, Annual Job Openings, Average Yearly Salary and Average Hourly Wage
This data is provided by the Connecticut Department of Labor and is specific to Connecticut. Regional data, entry
level wages, and data on additional careers are also available by visiting the Connecticut Department of Labor
Web site at www.ctdol.state.ct.us/lmi or by calling 860-263-6275.
Education & Training Routes
The typical requirements to work in the profession are listed with the abbreviations below:
OJT      On-the-Job training by the employer;
Appren Apprenticeship training from two to four years in length, depending upon the trade;
HS       High school or Regional Vocational Techncial School diploma or equivalent;
Cert     Up to two years of post-secondary training resulting in a diploma, certificate or license;
Assoc Associate’s degree program requiring two years of college;
Bach     Bachelor’s degree program requiring four or more years of college;
MA/MS Master’s degree program requiring one to two years of college beyond the Bachelor’s level;
MBA Master’s degree program in business administration;
Ph.D. Doctorate degree program requiring four to five years beyond the Bachelor’s level;
Military Training available through the military
Education & Training Site Codes
The three-digit codes correspond to Connecticut schools, listed on pages 37-40, that provide appropriate education or training.
Career Cluster Codes
are used in school-to-career programs; complete descriptions are provided on pages 34-36.
1 Arts and Media
2 Business and Finance
3 Construction: Technologies and Design
4 Environmental, Natural Resources and Agriculture
5 Government, Education and Human Services
6 Health and Biosciences
7 Retail, Tourism, Recreation and Entrepreneurship
8 Technologies: Manufacturing, Communications and Repair
9 Information Technology

                                                                          Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                             Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                              Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                          Career Cluster Code

 Accountants & Auditors — Examine, analyze, and interpret               Number Employed        17,877   Bach, MA/MS, MBA
 accounting records for the purpose of giving advice or preparing       Annual Job Openings       432   305, 307, 308, 320, 321, 322,
 statements. Install or advise on systems of recording costs or other   Average Yearly Salary $61,185   323, 326, 330, 331, 332, 333,
 financial and budgetary data. SOC Code 13-2011.                        Average Hourly Wage $29.40      335, 342, 343, 344, 348
                                                                        Career Cluster Code         2
 Administrative Services Managers — Plan, direct, or coordinate         Number Employed         3,381   Assoc, Bach, MA/MS, MBA
 supportive services of an organization, such as recordkeeping, mail    Annual Job Openings        83   221, 225, 228, 301, 305, 308,
 distribution, telephone operator/receptionist, and other office        Average Yearly Salary $71,970   310, 320, 321, 322, 323, 326,
 support services. May oversee facilities planning and maintenance      Average Hourly Wage $34.60      330, 331, 332, 333, 335, 337,
 and custodial operations. SOC Code 11-3011.                            Career Cluster Code         2   342, 343, 344, 348

                                                        Career Paths ❖ Page 15
                                                                             Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                 Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                             Career Cluster Code
Aircraft Mechanics & Service Technicians — Diagnose,                      Number Employed           1,049   HS, Cert, Military
adjust, repair, or overhaul aircraft engines and assemblies, such as      Annual Job Openings          27   230, 231, 268, 281
hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Perform scheduled maintenance,           Average Yearly Salary   $43,710
make repairs, and complete inspections as required by the Federal         Average Hourly Wage      $21.00
Aviation Administration (FAA). SOC Code 49-3011.                          Career Cluster Code           8
Aircraft Pilots & Flight Engineers — Airline Pilots, Copilots, and        Number Employed             522   Military, Flight Training,
Flight Engineers pilot and navigate the flight of multi-engine aircraft   Annual Job Openings          17   Flight School, Assoc, Bach
in regularly scheduled service. Requires Federal Air Transport rating     Average Yearly Salary   $75,710
and certification in specific aircraft type used. Commercial Pilots       Average Hourly Wage        N/A
navigate the flight of small fixed or rotary winged aircraft. Requires    Career Cluster Code           8
Commercial Rating. SOC Codes 53-2011 and 53-2012.
Anesthesiologists — Administer anesthetics during surgery or              Number Employed            809    Medical School
other medical procedures. Examines patient to determine degree of         Annual Job Openings         24    337, 340
surgical risk, and type of anesthetic and sedation to administer.         Average Yearly Salary $137,995
Determines emergency measures to use in cases of adverse reactions        Average Hourly Wage     $66.35
or complications. SOC Code 29-1061.                                       Career Cluster Code          6
Announcers, Radio & Television — Interview guests, act as                 Number Employed             550   Cert, Assoc, Bach, Military
master of ceremonies, read news flashes, identify station by giving       Annual Job Openings          11   027, 028, 224
call letters, or announce song title and artist. May read prepared        Average Yearly Salary   $35,675
scripts or ad-lib commentary on the air. SOC Code 27-3010.                Average Hourly Wage      $17.15
                                                                          Career Cluster Code           1
Architects, Except Landscape & Naval — Plan, design and                   Number Employed           1,522   Professional Degree, MA/MS
supervise construction of homes, office buildings, theaters,              Annual Job Openings          21   337
factories, and other structures. Prepares information regarding           Average Yearly Salary   $65,645
design, specifications, materials, color, equipment, estimated costs,     Average Hourly Wage      $31.55
and construction time. SOC Code 17-1011.                                  Career Cluster Code           3
Art Directors — Formulate design concepts and presentation                Number Employed             868   Assoc, Bach, MA/MS
approaches, and direct workers engaged in artwork, layout design,         Annual Job Openings          34   068, 105, 223, 224, 225, 226,
and copy writing for visual communications media, such as                 Average Yearly Salary   $76,240   228, 230, 232, 305, 307, 308,
magazines, books, newspapers, and packaging. SOC Code 27-1011.            Average Hourly Wage      $36.65   315, 319, 330, 332, 333, 335,
                                                                          Career Cluster Code           1   337
Artists & Animators, Multi-Media — Create special effects,                Number Employed             706   Cert, Assoc, Bach
animation, or other visual images using film, video, computers, or        Annual Job Openings          32   068, 105, 225, 230, 305
other electronic tools and media for use in products or creations,        Average Yearly Salary   $57,145
such as computer games, movies, music videos, and commercials.            Average Hourly Wage      $27.45
SOC Code 27-1014.                                                         Career Cluster Code           1
Audiologists — Assess and treat persons with hearing, balance and         Number Employed             305   MA/MS
related disorders. May fit hearing aids and provide auditory training.    Annual Job Openings          12   323, 331
May perform research related to hearing problems.                         Average Yearly Salary   $51,950
SOC Code 29-1121.                                                         Average Hourly Wage      $25.00
                                                                          Career Cluster Code           6
Automotive Body & Related Repairers — Repair, repaint and                 Number Employed           2,901   HS, OJT, Cert, Appren,
refinish automotive vehicle bodies and straighten vehicle frames.         Annual Job Openings         105   Military
Remove dents and replace crumpled parts that can't be fixed.              Average Yearly Salary   $39,655   038, 260, 264, 268, 269, 271,
SOC Code 49-3021.                                                         Average Hourly Wage      $19.05   273, 274, 275, 276, 278
                                                                          Career Cluster Code           8
Automotive Service Technicians & Mechanics — Use high-                    Number Employed          10,950   HS, Cert, Assoc, Bach,
tech skills to diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul automotive           Annual Job Openings         393   Appren, Military
vehicles and light trucks with gasoline engines. Some specialize in       Average Yearly Salary   $36,750   029, 038, 077, 085, 086, 087,
the repair of a certain part of car such as the brakes, transmission or   Average Hourly Wage      $17.65   088, 225, 260, 261, 263, 264,
engine. “Automotive master technicians” achieve the highest               Career Cluster Code           8   265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270,
degree of competence in diagnostics and repair. They may teach or                                           271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276,
work in automotive research and development. SOC Code 49-3023.                                              278, 280




                                                            Career Paths ❖ Page 16
                                                                              Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                 Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                  Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                              Career Cluster Code
Biochemists & Biophysicists — Study living cells and organisms,            Number Employed           1,383   Bach, MA/MS, Ph.D.
their electrical and mechanical energy, and related phenomena.             Annual Job Openings          98   306, 321, 327, 331, 332, 337
Conduct research to understand metabolism, reproduction, growth,           Average Yearly Salary   $70,365
and heredity. Determine the effects of food, drugs, serums, and            Average Hourly Wage      $33.80
hormones on living organisms. SOC Code 19-1021.                            Career Cluster Code           6
Bookkeeping, Accounting & Auditing Clerks — Routinely                      Number Employed          28,465   HS, OJT, Cert, Assoc
calculate, post, and verify financial data for use in maintaining          Annual Job Openings         540   001, 079, 221, 222, 223, 224,
accounting records. May also check the accuracy of figures,                Average Yearly Salary   $33,930   225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230,
calculations, and postings pertaining to business transactions             Average Hourly Wage      $16.30   231, 232, 303, 320, 321, 322,
recorded by other workers. SOC Code 43-3031.                               Career Cluster Code           2   347
Bus/Truck Mechanics & Diesel Engine Specialists —                          Number Employed           2,742   OJT, Cert, Assoc, Appren,
Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul trucks, buses, and all types of      Annual Job Openings         102   Military
diesel engines. Includes mechanics working primarily with                  Average Yearly Salary   $40,540   038, 270
automobile diesel engines. SOC Code 49-3031.                               Average Hourly Wage      $19.50
                                                                           Career Cluster Code           8
Bus Drivers — Local Transit and Intercity Bus Drivers drive a bus          Number Employed           8,688   OJT, Cert
or motor coach on regular routes or for private charters. May assist       Annual Job Openings         292   006, 038, 078, 464
passengers with baggage. May collect fares or tickets. School Bus          Average Yearly Salary   $27,375
Drivers transport students or special clients, such as the elderly or      Average Hourly Wage      $13.15
persons with disabilities. SOC Codes 53-3021 and 53-3022.                  Career Cluster Code           5
Buyers, Retail/Wholesale — Buy merchandise or commodities                  Number Employed           2,234   Assoc, Bach
for resale at the wholesale or retail level. Analyze past buying trends,   Annual Job Openings          68   231, 232, 303, 320, 321, 330
sales records, price, and quality of merchandise to determine value        Average Yearly Salary   $51,665
and yield. Order and authorize payment for merchandise according           Average Hourly Wage      $24.85
to contractual agreements. SOC Code 13-1022.                               Career Cluster Code           2
Cabinetmakers & Bench Carpenters — Cut, shape, and                         Number Employed           1,576   OJT, Appren
assemble wooden articles or set up and operate a variety of                Annual Job Openings          77   260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 267,
woodworking machines, such as power saws, jointers, and                    Average Yearly Salary   $34,545   268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273,
mortisers to surface, cut, or shape lumber or to fabricate parts for       Average Hourly Wage      $16.60   274, 275, 276, 278, 280
wood products. SOC Code 51-7011.                                           Career Cluster Code           8
Carpenters — Construct, erect, install, or repair structures and           Number Employed          10,552   HS, OJT, Appren, Military
fixtures made of wood, such as concrete forms; building                    Annual Job Openings         290   260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 267,
frameworks, including partitions, joists, studding, and rafters;           Average Yearly Salary   $42,480   268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273,
wood stairways; window and door frames; and hardwood floors.               Average Hourly Wage      $20.40   274, 275, 276, 278, 280
May also install cabinets, siding, drywall and batt, or roll insulation.   Career Cluster Code           3
SOC Code 47-2031.
Cashiers — Receive and disburse money in establishments other              Number Employed          45,930   OJT
than financial institutions. Usually involves use of electronic            Annual Job Openings       2,240
scanners, cash registers, or related equipment. Often involved in          Average Yearly Salary   $17,890
processing credit or debit card transactions and validating checks.        Average Hourly Wage       $8.60
SOC Code 41-2011.                                                          Career Cluster Code           7
Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders — Operate or tend                 Number Employed             889   OJT
equipment to control chemical changes or reactions in the                  Annual Job Openings          30   222, 225, 333
processing of industrial or consumer products. Equipment used              Average Yearly Salary   $43,440
includes devulcanizers, steam-jacketed kettles, and reactor vessels.       Average Hourly Wage      $20.90
SOC Code 51-9011.                                                          Career Cluster Code           8
Chemical Technicians — Conduct laboratory tests to assist                  Number Employed           1,244   Assoc, Bach
scientists in analyzing solids, liquids, and gaseous materials for         Annual Job Openings          43   222, 225, 333
research and development of new products or processes, quality             Average Yearly Salary   $40,535
control, maintenance of environmental standards, and other work            Average Hourly Wage      $19.50
involving the application of chemistry. SOC Code 19-4031.                  Career Cluster Code           8
Chemists — Conduct qualitative and quantitative chemical                   Number Employed           1,603   Bach, MA/MS, Ph.D.
analyses or chemical experiments in laboratories for quality               Annual Job Openings          72   305, 306, 308, 321, 322, 323,
or process control or to develop new products or knowledge. Some           Average Yearly Salary   $68,980   326, 327, 331, 332, 333, 334,
may work in other areas such as sales, consulting, and teaching.           Average Hourly Wage      $33.15   335, 337
SOC Code 19-2031.                                                          Career Cluster Code           8

                                                            Career Paths ❖ Page 17
                                                                              Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                 Annual Job Openings,             Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                  Salary, and                 Routes and Site Codes
                                                                              Career Cluster Code
Child-Care Workers — Attend to children at schools, businesses,            Number Employed          12,646    HS, Cert, Assoc, Bach
private households, and child care institutions. Perform a variety of      Annual Job Openings         528    035, 221, 222, 223, 225, 227,
tasks, such as dressing, feeding, bathing, and overseeing play.            Average Yearly Salary   $20,560    228, 229, 231, 303, 315, 950
SOC Code 39-9011.                                                          Average Hourly Wage       $9.90
                                                                           Career Cluster Code           5
Civil Engineers — Perform engineering duties in planning,                  Number Employed           2,947    Bach, MA/MS
designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of                  Annual Job Openings          55    331, 332, 333, 339
building structures, and facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports,   Average Yearly Salary   $60,830
bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines,          Average Hourly Wage      $29.25
power plants, water and sewage systems, and waste disposal units.          Career Cluster Code           3
SOC Code 17-2051.
Claims Adjusters, Examiners & Investigators — Review settled               Number Employed           4,721    Bach
claims to determine that payments and settlements have been made           Annual Job Openings          77    331, 332
in accordance with company practices and procedures, ensuring              Average Yearly Salary   $52,195
that proper methods have been followed. Report     overpayments,           Average Hourly Wage      $25.10
underpayments, and other irregularities. Confer with legal counsel         Career Cluster Code           2
on claims requiring litigation. SOC Code 13-1031.
Coaches & Scouts — Instruct or coach groups or individuals in              Number Employed           1,089    Bach
the fundamentals of sports. Demonstrate techniques and methods             Annual Job Openings          33    305, 307, 322, 323, 331, 333
of participation. May evaluate athletes' strengths and weaknesses as       Average Yearly Salary   $42,580
possible recruits or to improve the athletes' technique to prepare         Average Hourly Wage        N/A
them for competition. SOC Code 27-2022.                                    Career Cluster Code           7
Commercial & Industrial Designers — Develop and design                     Number Employed           1,511    Cert, Assoc, Bach
manufactured products, such as cars, home appliances, and children’s       Annual Job Openings          29    105, 223, 224, 226, 228, 232,
toys. Combine artistic talent with research on product use,                Average Yearly Salary   $72,985    315, 319, 330, 332, 333
marketing, and materials to create the most functional and                 Average Hourly Wage      $35.10
appealing product design. SOC Code 27-1021.                                Career Cluster Code           1
Computer Hardware Engineers — Research, design, develop, and               Number Employed             538    Bach
test computer or computer-related equipment for commercial,                Annual Job Openings            9   310, 330, 331, 332, 333
industrial, military, or scientific use. May supervise the                 Average Yearly Salary   $71,440
manufacturing and installation of computer or computer-related             Average Hourly Wage      $34.35
equipment and components. SOC Code 17-2061.                                Career Cluster Code          8,9
Computer Programmers — Convert project specifications and                  Number Employed          10,319    Cert, Assoc, Bach
statements of problems to detailed logical flow charts for coding          Annual Job Openings         217    077, 079, 221, 222, 225, 228,
into computer language. Develop and write computer programs to             Average Yearly Salary   $68,230    229, 232, 473, 510, 557, 558,
store, locate, and retrieve specific documents, data, and informa-         Average Hourly Wage      $32.80    559, 561, 563, 590, 595, 602
tion. May design and program web sites. SOC Code 15-1021.                  Career Cluster Code          2,9
Computer Software Engineers — Research and analyze user                    Number Employed           9,080    Bach, MA/MS, Ph.D.
needs and develop, create, and modify computer software solutions          Annual Job Openings         565    308, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334
that optimize operational efficiency. May work individually or as          Average Yearly Salary   $74,840
part of a team. May specialize in medical, industrial, military,           Average Hourly Wage      $36.00
communications, aerospace, business, scientific, or general                Career Cluster Code          2,9
computing applications. SOC Codes 15-1031 and 15-1032.
Computer Support Specialists — Provide technical assistance to             Number Employed           7,685    Assoc, Bach
computer users. Resolve computer problems for clients in person,           Annual Job Openings         575    017, 085, 086, 087, 088, 228,
via telephone or from remote location. May provide assistance              Average Yearly Salary   $45,885    268, 305, 307, 308, 310, 322,
concerning the use of computer hardware and software, including            Average Hourly Wage      $22.05    323, 327, 330, 332, 333, 335,
printing, installation, word processing, and electronic mail. May be       Career Cluster Code          2,9   337, 347, 510, 558, 559, 561,
designated Help Desk Specialist. SOC Code 15-1041.                                                            563, 590, 595, 602
Computer Systems Analysts — Analyze science, engineering,                  Number Employed           8,965    Bach, MA/MS
business, and all other data processing problems for application to        Annual Job Openings         411    305, 307, 308, 310, 322, 323,
electronic data processing systems. Analyze user requirements,             Average Yearly Salary   $67,050    327, 330, 332, 333, 335, 337
procedures, and problems to automate or improve existing systems           Average Hourly Wage      $32.25
and review computer system capabilities, workflow, and scheduling          Career Cluster Code          2,9
limitations. May analyze or recommend commercially available
software. SOC Code 15-1051.


                                                             Career Paths ❖ Page 18
                                                                           Number Employed,
            Occupational Title, Description                               Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                   and SOC Code                                                Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                           Career Cluster Code
Computer, Automated Teller & Office Machine Repairers —                 Number Employed           2,136   Cert, Assoc, Military
Repair, maintain, or install computers, word processing systems,        Annual Job Openings          36   001, 039, 062, 079, 223, 231,
automated teller machines, and electronic office machines, such as      Average Yearly Salary   $40,170   266, 590, 949
duplicating and fax machines. SOC Code 49-2011.                         Average Hourly Wage      $19.30
                                                                        Career Cluster Code           8
Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal &                     Number Employed           3,190   HS, Cert, Appren, OJT
Plastic — Operate computer-controlled machines or robots to             Annual Job Openings         117   260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 266,
perform one or more machine functions on metal or plastic work          Average Yearly Salary   $34,435   267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272,
pieces. Cut and shape precision products such as automobile parts,      Average Hourly Wage      $16.55   273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 280
machine parts, and compressors. SOC Code 51-4011.                       Career Cluster Code           8
Construction & Building Inspectors — Examine construction,              Number Employed             777   HS, Cert, Appren, OJT
alteration or repair of buildings and other structures using            Annual Job Openings          22   222, 229, 332, 414
engineering skills to determine structural soundness and compli-        Average Yearly Salary   $48,995
ance with specifications, building codes, and other regulations.        Average Hourly Wage      $23.55
Inspections may be general in nature or may be limited to a specific    Career Cluster Code           3
area, such as electrical systems or plumbing. SOC Code 47-4011.
Construction Laborers — Perform tasks involving physical labor          Number Employed           6,884   OJT, Appren, Military
at building, highway, and heavy construction projects. May operate      Annual Job Openings         145
hand and power tools of all types: air hammers, earth tampers,          Average Yearly Salary   $34,730
cement mixers, small mechanical hoists, surveying and measuring         Average Hourly Wage      $16.70
equipment, and others. May clean and prepare sites, dig trenches,       Career Cluster Code           3
and erect scaffolding. SOC Code 47-2061.
Cooks — Prepare, season, and cook soups, meats, vegetables,             Number Employed          17,252   HS, Cert, Appren, Assoc,
desserts, or other foodstuffs in restaurants, hotels, hospitals and     Annual Job Openings         611   Military
other establishments. May order supplies, keep records, or plan         Average Yearly Salary   $23,170   032, 108, 224, 225, 229, 231,
menu. Fast Food Cooks work in a fast food restaurant with a limited     Average Hourly Wage      $11.15   260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 266,
menu. Short Order Cooks work with a variety of foods that require       Career Cluster Code           7   269, 270, 271, 273, 274, 275,
only a short preparation time.                                                                            276, 278, 280, 303, 471, 556
SOC Codes 35-2011, 35-2012, 35-2014 and 35-2015.
Correctional Officers & Jailers — Guard inmates in penal or             Number Employed           4,614   HS, Cert, Assoc, OJT, Military
rehabilitative institution in accordance with established procedures.   Annual Job Openings         211   221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 227,
Maintain security and inmate accountability to prevent                  Average Yearly Salary   $38,315   228, 229, 231, 232, 333, 335
disturbances, assaults, or escapes. May guard prisoners in transit      Average Hourly Wage      $18.45
between jail, courtroom, prison, or other point. SOC Code 33-3012.      Career Cluster Code           5
Customer Service Representatives — Interact with customers to           Number Employed          27,803   HS, Cert, Assoc, OJT
provide information in response to inquiries about products and         Annual Job Openings         861   039, 222, 223, 231, 347, 558,
services and to handle and resolve complaints. SOC Code 43-4051.        Average Yearly Salary   $31,990   559, 561
                                                                        Average Hourly Wage      $15.40
                                                                        Career Cluster Code           2
Dancers — Perform dances in a variety of settings, such as opera,       Number Employed             379   Dance Schools, Cert, Assoc,
ballet, musical theater, television, movies, music videos, and          Annual Job Openings          15   Bach
commercials. May also sing or act. Performs alone, with partners or     Average Yearly Salary   $41,755   060, 306, 332, 334
in a group to entertain audience. SOC Code 27-2031.                     Average Hourly Wage      $20.10
                                                                        Career Cluster Code           1
Dental Assistants — Work with dentists as they examine and treat        Number Employed           3,478   OJT, Cert, Assoc, Military
patients. Prepare patients for treatment and obtain their dental        Annual Job Openings         147   085, 232, 260, 264, 280, 303,
records. Hand the dentist the proper tools and keep patients’           Average Yearly Salary   $33,700   425, 450, 453, 502, 505
mouths clear by using suction or other devices. Instruct patients in    Average Hourly Wage      $16.20
oral health and perform clerical duties. SOC Code 31-9091.              Career Cluster Code           6
Dental Hygienists — Clean teeth and examine oral areas, head,           Number Employed           2,971   Assoc, Bach
and neck for signs of oral disease. May educate patients on oral        Annual Job Openings         114   232, 330, 333
hygiene, take and develop X-rays, or apply fluoride or sealants.        Average Yearly Salary   $58,500
SOC Code 29-2021.                                                       Average Hourly Wage      $28.10
                                                                        Career Cluster Code           6




                                                          Career Paths ❖ Page 19
                                                                              Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                 Annual Job Openings,             Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                  Salary, and                 Routes and Site Codes
                                                                              Career Cluster Code
Dental Laboratory Technicians — Fill prescriptions from                    Number Employed             306    OJT, Cert, Assoc, Military
dentists for crowns, bridges, dentures, and other dental products.         Annual Job Openings          11    264
Construct and repair full or partial dentures or dental appliances.        Average Yearly Salary   $36,895
SOC Code 51-9081.                                                          Average Hourly Wage      $17.75
                                                                           Career Cluster Code           6
Dentists — Examine teeth and the mouth to diagnose diseases or             Number Employed          3,186     Dental School
disorders. Take X-rays, fill cavaties, straighten teeth, treat gum         Annual Job Openings         81     340
disease, pull teeth and fit dentures. May specialize in surgery,           Average Yearly Salary $108,905
children’s dentistry or treatment of gums. May teach in dental             Average Hourly Wage     $52.35
schools, do research or run dental health programs.                        Career Cluster Code          6
SOC Code 29-1020.
Desktop Publishers — Format typescript and graphic elements                Number Employed             596    OJT, Cert
using computer software to produce publication-ready material.             Annual Job Openings          39    224, 228, 231, 590, 603
Perform a variety of tasks such as write and edit text, create graphics,   Average Yearly Salary   $38,135
design page layouts, and transmit pages for production into film or        Average Hourly Wage      $18.35
printing plates. SOC Code 43-9031.                                         Career Cluster Code           1
Dietitians & Nutritionists — Plan and conduct food service or              Number Employed             540    Bach
nutritional programs to assist in the promotion of health and control      Annual Job Openings          17    326, 330, 331, 333
of disease. May run food service systems for institutions such as          Average Yearly Salary   $49,115
hospitals and schools, counsel individuals, or conduct nutritional         Average Hourly Wage      $23.60
research. SOC Code 29-1031.                                                Career Cluster Code           6
Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire & Ambulance — Schedule and                Number Employed           2,098    OJT
dispatch workers, equipment, or vehicles for conveyance of                 Annual Job Openings          58
materials or passengers, or for installation and service of products.      Average Yearly Salary   $34,855
Use radio, telephone, or computer to transmit assignments and              Average Hourly Wage      $16.75
compile statistics on work progress. SOC Code 43-5032.                     Career Cluster Code           2
Dispatchers, Police, Fire & Ambulance — Operate radio,                     Number Employed           1,208    OJT, Cert
telephone, or computer equipment to receive reports of fires, crimes,      Annual Job Openings          31    224, 228
and medical emergencies and relay information or orders to proper          Average Yearly Salary   $33,135
officials in vicinity of complaint. SOC Code 43-5031.                      Average Hourly Wage      $15.95
                                                                           Career Cluster Code           5
Drafters, Architectural/Civil, Electrical/Electronics,                     Number Employed           3,649    Cert, Assoc, Military
Mechanical — Prepare working plans and detailed drawings from              Annual Job Openings         124    029, 085, 086, 087, 088, 221,
rough or detailed sketches, notes, and calculations for engineering        Average Yearly Salary   $44,020    222, 225, 227, 231, 232, 260,
or manufacturing purposes according to specified dimensions. May           Average Hourly Wage      $21.15    261, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267,
use computer-assisted drafting (CAD) equipment and software.               Career Cluster Code          3,8   268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273,
SOC Codes 17-3011, 17-3012 and 17-3013.                                                                       274, 275, 276, 278, 280, 557
Drywall & Ceiling Tile Installers — Apply plasterboard or other            Number Employed           1,200    OJT, Appren
wallboard to ceilings and interior walls of buildings. Fasten wooden,      Annual Job Openings          24
metal, or rockboard lath to walls, ceilings or partitions of buildings     Average Yearly Salary   $49,485
to provide support base for plaster, fireproofing, or acoustical           Average Hourly Wage      $23.80
material. SOC Code 47-2081.                                                Career Cluster Code           3
Education Administrators, Elementary & Secondary Schools                   Number Employed           2,693    MA/MS, Ph.D.
— Provide leadership while managing private or public schools.             Annual Job Openings          77    305, 308, 322, 323, 330, 331,
Develop and monitor academic programs; train and motivate                  Average Yearly Salary   $89,625    332, 333, 342
teachers; manage student services; prepare budgets; handle relations       Average Hourly Wage        N/A
with parents, students, and the community. SOC Code 11-9032.               Career Cluster Code           5
Education Administrators, Postsecondary Schools — Plan,                    Number Employed           1,898    MA/MS, Ph.D.
direct, or coordinate research, instructional, student administration      Annual Job Openings          57    305, 308, 322, 323, 330, 331,
and services, and other educational activities at postsecondary            Average Yearly Salary   $75,635    332, 333, 342
institutions, including universities, colleges, and community              Average Hourly Wage      $36.35
colleges. SOC Code 11-9033.                                                Career Cluster Code           5
Education Administrators, Preschool & Kindergarten — Plan,                 Number Employed             695    MA/MS, Ph.D.
direct, or coordinate the academic and nonacademic activities of           Annual Job Openings          31    305, 308, 322, 323, 330, 331,
preschool and child care centers or programs. SOC Code 11-9031.            Average Yearly Salary   $45,875    332, 333, 342
                                                                           Average Hourly Wage      $22.05
                                                                           Career Cluster Code           5
                                                             Career Paths ❖ Page 20
                                                                              Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                 Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                  Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                              Career Cluster Code
Educational, Vocational & School Counselors — Counsel                      Number Employed           2,975   Bach, MA/MS, Ph.D.
individuals and provide group educational and vocational guidance          Annual Job Openings         135   305, 308, 323, 330, 332, 335
services. Help people evaluate their interests and abilities, and advise   Average Yearly Salary   $51,425
and assist them with personal, social, educational, and career             Average Hourly Wage      $24.75
problems and concerns. SOC Code 21-1012.                                   Career Cluster Code           5
Electrical & Electronic Engineering Technicians — Design,                  Number Employed           2,778   Assoc, Appren, Military
build, repair, calibrate, and modify electrical components, circuitry,     Annual Job Openings          68   029, 077, 222, 225, 227, 228,
controls, and machinery for subsequent evaluation and use by               Average Yearly Salary   $44,360   229, 231, 308, 332, 333, 410,
engineering staff in making engineering design decisions. Usually          Average Hourly Wage      $21.35   473
work under the direction of engineering staff. SOC Code 17-3023.           Career Cluster Code           8
Electrical & Electronic Equipment Assemblers — Assemble or                 Number Employed           5,464   HS, Cert, Military, OJT
modify electrical or electronic equipment, such as computers, test         Annual Job Openings         140   038, 260, 261, 263, 264, 265,
equipment telemetering systems, electric motors, and radar or sonar        Average Yearly Salary   $24,405   266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271,
systems. SOC Code 51-2022.                                                 Average Hourly Wage      $11.75   272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 278,
                                                                           Career Cluster Code           8   280, 410
Electrical & Electronics Engineers — Research, design,                     Number Employed           4,117   Bach, MA/MS
develop, and test electrical or electronic equipment, components           Annual Job Openings          97   308, 310, 330, 331, 332, 333,
and computer systems for commercial, industrial, military, or              Average Yearly Salary   $69,045   337, 339
scientific use. May also work in fields such as telecommunications,        Average Hourly Wage      $33.20
aerospace guidance and propulsion control, acoustics, or                   Career Cluster Code           8
instruments and controls. SOC Codes 17-2071 and 17-2072.
Electricians — Install, maintain, and repair electrical wiring,            Number Employed           8,390   OJT, Appren, Military
equipment, and fixtures. Ensure that work is in accordance with            Annual Job Openings         266   077, 260, 261, 263, 264, 265,
relevant codes. May install or service streetlights, intercom systems,     Average Yearly Salary   $46,215   267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272,
or electrical control systems. SOC Code 47-2111.                           Average Hourly Wage      $22.20   273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 280,
                                                                           Career Cluster Code           3   410, 473
Electro-Mechanical Technicians — Operate, test, and maintain               Number Employed             776   Cert, Assoc, Military
unmanned, automated, servo-mechanical, or electromechanical                Annual Job Openings          19   229, 231
equipment. May operate unmanned submarines, aircraft, or other             Average Yearly Salary   $37,770
equipment at work sites, such as oilrigs, deep ocean exploration, or       Average Hourly Wage      $18.15
hazardous waste removal. May assist engineers in testing and               Career Cluster Code           8
designing robotics equipment. SOC Code 17-3024.
Embalmers — Prepare bodies for preservation and burial by                  Number Employed             262   Assoc, Bach, Appren
replacing the blood with embalming fluid. May reconstruct                  Annual Job Openings           7   303
disfigured or maimed bodies with clay, cotton, plaster of paris, and       Average Yearly Salary   $64,270
wax, apply cosmetics, and dress the body. Maintain records and             Average Hourly Wage      $30.90
itemized lists of articles delivered with the body. SOC Code 39-4011.      Career Cluster Code           6
Emergency Management Specialists — Coordinate crisis                       Number Employed             189   Cert, Assoc, Bach, OJT
management activities, provide disaster preparedness training, and         Annual Job Openings           7   222, 567
prepare emergency plans and procedures for natural                         Average Yearly Salary   $51,050
(e.g., hurricanes, floods, earthquakes), wartime, or technological         Average Hourly Wage      $24.55
(e.g., nuclear power plant emergencies, hazardous materials spills)        Career Cluster Code           5
disasters or hostage situations. SOC Code 13-1061.
Emergency Medical Technicians & Paramedics —                               Number Employed           2,532   Cert, Assoc, Military
Administer first aid treatment and transport sick or injured persons       Annual Job Openings         111   112, 222, 225, 227, 229, 231,
to medical facility. Assess injuries, administer emergency medical         Average Yearly Salary   $29,900   232, 487, 488, 489; Check with
care, and extricate trapped individuals. Deal with a variety of            Average Hourly Wage      $14.40   Department of Public Health
incidents including automobile accidents, heart attacks, drownings,        Career Cluster Code           6   for location of other
childbirth, and gunshot wounds. SOC Code 29-2041.                                                            programs (860-509-7975).
Employment, Recruitment & Placement Specialists —                          Number Employed           2,814   Bach
Recruit and place workers. Seek out, interview and screen applicants       Annual Job Openings          72   308, 330, 333
to fill existing and future job openings. Search application files,        Average Yearly Salary   $61,090
notify selected applicants of job openings, and refer qualified            Average Hourly Wage      $29.35
applicants to prospective employers. SOC Code 13-1071.                     Career Cluster Code           2




                                                             Career Paths ❖ Page 21
                                                                              Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                 Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                  Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                              Career Cluster Code
Environmental Scientists & Specialists, Including Health —                 Number Employed             589   Bach, MA/MS
Conduct research or perform investigation for the purpose of               Annual Job Openings          28   306, 307, 322, 326, 327, 331,
identifying, reducing, or eliminating sources of pollution or hazards      Average Yearly Salary   $53,040   333, 334, 335, 337, 339, 341
that affect either the environment or the health of the population.        Average Hourly Wage      $25.50
May collect, synthesize, study, report, and take action based on data      Career Cluster Code           4
derived from measurements or observations of air, food, soil, water,
and other sources. SOC Code 19-2041.
Executive Secretaries & Administrative Assistants —                        Number Employed          20,002   Cert, Assoc, Bach
Provide high-level administrative support by conducting research,          Annual Job Openings         402   001, 062, 068, 221, 222, 223,
preparing statistical reports, and handling information requests.          Average Yearly Salary   $40,650   224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229,
Clerical functions include preparing correspondence, receiving             Average Hourly Wage      $19.55   230, 231, 232, 303, 590
visitors, and scheduling conference calls. May supervise clerical staff.   Career Cluster Code           2
SOC Code 43-6011.
Financial Analysts — Oversee the preparation of financial reports,         Number Employed           5,140   Bach, MBA
direct investment activities, and implement cash management                Annual Job Openings         156   305, 308, 320, 321, 322, 323,
strategies for institutions and individuals. Perform detailed data         Average Yearly Salary   $74,805   330, 331, 332, 333, 335
analysis and keep updated on computer technology in order to               Average Hourly Wage      $35.95
increase efficiency and maximize profits. SOC Code 13-2051.                Career Cluster Code           2
Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors & Illustrators —               Number Employed             889   Cert, Assoc, Bach
Create original artwork using any of a wide variety of mediums and         Annual Job Openings          22   223, 224, 225, 226, 228, 230,
techniques, such as painting and sculpture. Many work in another           Average Yearly Salary   $39,100   231, 301, 305, 306, 307, 308,
field to support their art careers, such as museum fine arts directors     Average Hourly Wage      $18.80   319, 322, 323, 327, 331, 332,
or curators, art critics, or consultants to foundations or institutional   Career Cluster Code           1   333, 334, 335, 337, 346
collectors. SOC Code 27-1013.
Fire Fighters — Control and extinguish fires or respond to                 Number Employed           3,752   Cert, Appren, Military
emergency situations where life, property, or the environment is at        Annual Job Openings         110   201
risk. Duties may include fire prevention, emergency medical                Average Yearly Salary   $46,840
service, hazardous material response, search and rescue, and               Average Hourly Wage      $22.50
disaster management. SOC Code 33-2011.                                     Career Cluster Code           5
Fitness Trainers & Aerobics Instructors — Instruct or coach                Number Employed           4,670   Bach
groups or individuals in exercise activities and the fundamentals of       Annual Job Openings         164   224, 229, 231, 303
sports. Demonstrate techniques and methods of participation.               Average Yearly Salary   $38,715
Observe participants and inform them of corrective measures                Average Hourly Wage      $18.60
necessary to improve their skills. SOC Code 39-9031.                       Career Cluster Code           7
Food Preparation Workers — Perform a variety of food                       Number Employed          12,381   OJT, Cert
preparation duties other than cooking, such as weighing and                Annual Job Openings         562
measuring ingredients, preparing cold foods and shellfish, slicing         Average Yearly Salary   $20,805
meat, and brewing coffee or tea. May also clean work areas,                Average Hourly Wage      $10.00
equipment, utensils, dishes, and silverware. SOC Code 35-2021.             Career Cluster Code           7
Food Service Managers — Coordinate food service activities of              Number Employed           3,794   Assoc, Bach
hotel, restaurant, or similar organization or social function.             Annual Job Openings          64   221, 224, 225, 227, 229, 231,
Estimates food and beverage costs and purchases supplies. Directs          Average Yearly Salary   $46,510   303, 333, 345
hiring and training of personnel. Investigates and resolves food           Average Hourly Wage      $22.35
quality and service complaints. SOC Code 11-9051.                          Career Cluster Code           7
Gaming Dealers — Operate games of chance by dealing cards or               Number Employed           2,640   HS, OJT, Cert
blocks to players, or operating gaming equipment. Compare the              Annual Job Openings         175
house's hand against players' hands and payoff or collect players'         Average Yearly Salary     N/A
money or chips. Listed wages may be understated because gratuities,        Average Hourly Wage       N/A
or tips, are often a large portion of income. SOC Code 39-3011.            Career Cluster Code           7
Gaming Supervisors — Supervise gaming operations and                       Number Employed            794    Assoc, Bach
personnel. Ensure that stations and games are covered for each             Annual Job Openings         59    227
shift. Explain operating rules of house to patrons. May plan and           Average Yearly Salary     N/A
organize activities and create friendly atmosphere for guests in           Average Hourly Wage       N/A
hotels/casinos. May address service complaints. SOC Code 39-1011.          Career Cluster Code          7




                                                             Career Paths ❖ Page 22
                                                                            Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                               Annual Job Openings,             Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                Salary, and                 Routes and Site Codes
                                                                            Career Cluster Code
Graphic Designers — Design or create graphics to meet a client's         Number Employed           3,059    Assoc, Bach
specific commercial or promotional needs, such as packaging,             Annual Job Openings          92    105, 223, 224, 228, 232, 315,
displays, marketing brochures or logos. May use a variety of             Average Yearly Salary   $43,485    319, 330, 332, 333
mediums to achieve artistic or decorative effects.                       Average Hourly Wage      $20.90
SOC Code 27-1024.                                                        Career Cluster Code           1
Grinding, Lapping, Polishing & Buffing Machine Tool                      Number Employed           3,268    HS, OJT, Cert
Setters, Operators & Tenders, Metal & Plastic — Set up,                  Annual Job Openings          80    260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 266,
operate, or tend grinding and related tools that remove excess           Average Yearly Salary   $31,965    267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272,
material or burrs from surfaces, sharpen edges or corners, or buff,      Average Hourly Wage      $15.35    273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 280
hone, or polish metal or plastic work pieces. SOC Code 51-4033.          Career Cluster Code           8
Hairdressers, Hairstylists & Cosmetologists — Provide beauty             Number Employed           9,537    HS, Cert
services, such as shampooing, cutting, coloring, and styling hair, and   Annual Job Openings         309    132, 134, 135, 136, 140, 142,
massaging and treating scalp. May also apply makeup, dress wigs,         Average Yearly Salary   $24,725    146, 148, 150, 154, 159, 163,
perform hair removal, and provide nail and skin care services. Those     Average Hourly Wage      $11.90    166, 169, 260, 261, 263, 264,
who run their own shops hire and supervise workers, keep business        Career Cluster Code           7    265, 267, 268, 269, 271, 272,
records and order supplies. SOC Code 39-5012.                                                               273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 455,
                                                                                                            456, 457, 474, 475, 477, 478,
                                                                                                            521, 522, 524, 525
Hazardous Materials Removal Workers — Identify, remove,                  Number Employed             918    HS, Cert, OJT
pack, transport, and dispose of hazardous materials, including           Annual Job Openings          48    226, 333, 567
asbestos, lead-based paint, waste oil, fuel, transmission fluid,         Average Yearly Salary   $30,150
radioactive materials, contaminated soil, etc. Specialized training      Average Hourly Wage      $14.50
and certification in hazardous materials handling or a confined entry    Career Cluster Code          3,4
permit are generally required. May operate earth-moving equipment
or trucks. SOC Code 47-4041.
Heating, Air Conditioning & Refrigeration Mechanics &                    Number Employed           3,813    Cert, Appren, OJT, Military
Installers — Install, maintain or repair heating, central air            Annual Job Openings          88    029, 038, 077, 085, 086, 087,
conditioning, or refrigeration systems, including oil burners, hot-air   Average Yearly Salary   $43,065    088, 263, 265, 266, 267, 269,
furnaces, and heating stoves. May specialize in either installation or   Average Hourly Wage      $20.70    270, 272, 273, 274, 276, 280,
maintenance and repair, or in one type of equipment.                     Career Cluster Code           3    410, 557
SOC Code 49-9021.
Highway Maintenance Workers — Maintain highways, rural and               Number Employed           2,933    OJT
municipal roads, airport runways, and rights-of-way. Duties include      Annual Job Openings          44
patching broken or eroded pavement, repairing guard rails, highway       Average Yearly Salary   $39,420
markers, and snow fences. May also mow or clear brush from along         Average Hourly Wage      $18.95
road or plow snow from roadway. SOC Code 47-4051.                        Career Cluster Code           3
Home Health Aides — Provide routine, personal healthcare, such           Number Employed           8,437    HS, Cert, OJT
as bathing, dressing, or grooming, to elderly, convalescent, or          Annual Job Openings         327    032, 035, 039, 264, 271, 417,
disabled persons in the home of patients or in a residential care        Average Yearly Salary   $24,610    425, 426, 430, 447, 453, 465,
facility. May administer oral medications; check pulse, temperature      Average Hourly Wage      $11.85    469, 503, 512, 514, 565, 588,
and respiration; and help with simple prescribed exercises.              Career Cluster Code           6    596, 601, 923, 939, 940, 950
SOC Code 31-1011.
Industrial Engineering Technicians — Apply engineering prin-             Number Employed             922    Assoc, Appren
ciples to problems of industrial layout or manufacturing production,     Annual Job Openings          24    224, 225, 227, 231, 305
usually under the direction of engineering staff. May study and          Average Yearly Salary   $48,800
record time, motion, and method involved in production, mainte-          Average Hourly Wage      $23.45
nance, clerical, and other worker operations for establishing stan-      Career Cluster Code           8
dard production rates or improving efficiency. SOC Code 17-3026.
Industrial Engineers — Design, develop, test, and evaluate               Number Employed           2,921    Bach, MA/MS
integrated systems for managing industrial production processes          Annual Job Openings          67    331, 333
including human work factors, quality control, inventory control,        Average Yearly Salary   $64,010
logistics and material flow, cost analysis, and production               Average Hourly Wage      $30.75
coordination. SOC Code 17-2112.                                          Career Cluster Code           8
Industrial Machinery Mechanics — Repair, install, adjust, or             Number Employed           1,854    Appren, OJT
maintain industrial production and processing machinery or refinery      Annual Job Openings          52
and pipeline distribution systems. Includes Conveyor Belt Installers,    Average Yearly Salary   $42,395
Turbine Mechanics, and Hydroelectric Machinery Mechanics.                Average Hourly Wage      $20.40
SOC Code 49-9041.                                                        Career Cluster Code           8
                                                           Career Paths ❖ Page 23
                                                                               Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                  Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                   Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                               Career Cluster Code
Industrial Truck & Tractor Operators — Operate industrial                   Number Employed           4,913   OJT
trucks or tractors equipped to move materials around a warehouse,           Annual Job Openings          95
storage yard, factory, construction site, or similar location. Includes     Average Yearly Salary   $30,195
Skidder Operators and Stacker Operators. SOC Code 53-7051.                  Average Hourly Wage      $14.50
                                                                            Career Cluster Code           8
Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers & Weighers — Monitor                 Number Employed           7,942   HS, OJT, Cert, Experience in
quality standards for virtually all manufactured products. Inspect,         Annual Job Openings         176   Related Field
test, sort, sample, or weigh raw materials or products for defects,         Average Yearly Salary   $33,035   410
wear, and deviations from specifications. May use precision mea-            Average Hourly Wage      $15.90
suring instruments and complex test equipment. SOC Code 51-9061.            Career Cluster Code           8
Insulation Workers — Line and cover structures with insulating              Number Employed             267   Appren, OJT
materials. May work with batt, roll, or blown insulation materials.         Annual Job Openings          11
Apply insulating materials to pipes or ductwork, or other mechanical        Average Yearly Salary   $31,310
systems in order to help control and maintain temperature.                  Average Hourly Wage      $15.05
SOC Code 47-2130.                                                           Career Cluster Code           3
Insurance Sales Agents — Sell life, property, casualty, health,             Number Employed           7,558   Bach, OJT
automotive, or other types of insurance. May refer clients to               Annual Job Openings         193   331, 332
independent brokers, work as independent broker, or be employed             Average Yearly Salary   $60,540
by an insurance company. Prepare reports, maintain records, seek            Average Hourly Wage      $29.10
out new clients, and settle insurance claims. SOC Code 41-3021.             Career Cluster Code           2
Insurance Underwriters — Decide what risks the insurance                    Number Employed           2,518   Bach
company will insure. Review individual applications for insurance to        Annual Job Openings          48   331, 332
evaluate degree of risk involved and determine acceptance of                Average Yearly Salary   $61,320
applications. Most specialize in one of three major categories              Average Hourly Wage      $29.50
of insurance: life, property/liability, or health. SOC Code 13-2053.        Career Cluster Code           2
Interior Designers — Plan, design, and furnish interiors of                 Number Employed             862   Assoc, Bach
residential, commercial, or industrial buildings. Formulate design          Annual Job Openings          15   319, 320, 330, 333
that is practical, aesthetic, and conducive to intended purposes, such      Average Yearly Salary   $60,850
as raising productivity, selling merchandise, or improving lifestyle.       Average Hourly Wage      $29.25
SOC Code 27-1025.                                                           Career Cluster Code           7
Landscaping & Groundskeeping Workers — Landscape or                         Number Employed          11,190   Cert, OJT
maintain grounds of property. Perform a variety of tasks, which may         Annual Job Openings         585   225, 331
include any of the following: sod laying, mowing, trimming,                 Average Yearly Salary   $26,480
planting, watering, fertilizing, digging, raking, sprinkler installation,   Average Hourly Wage      $12.75
and installation of mortarless wall units. SOC Code 37-3011.                Career Cluster Code           4
Lathe & Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators & Tenders,                  Number Employed           2,161   HS, OJT, Cert
Metal & Plastic — Set up and operate machines to turn, bore,                Annual Job Openings          85   260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 266,
thread, form, or face metal or plastic materials. Read blueprints or        Average Yearly Salary   $34,465   267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272,
work orders, install and adjust the required cutting tools, and             Average Hourly Wage      $16.55   273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 280
position the workpieces for manufacturing. SOC Code 51-4034.                Career Cluster Code           8
Laundry & Dry-Cleaning Workers — Operate or tend washing                    Number Employed           3,296   HS, OJT
or dry-cleaning machines to wash or dry-clean industrial or                 Annual Job Openings         122
household articles, such as cloth garments, suede, leather, furs,           Average Yearly Salary   $20,780
blankets, draperies, fine linens, rugs, and carpets. SOC Code 51-6011.      Average Hourly Wage      $10.00
                                                                            Career Cluster Code           7
Lawyers — Represent clients in criminal and civil litigation and            Number Employed         10,826    Law School
other legal proceedings, draw up legal documents, and manage or             Annual Job Openings        106    321, 331, 337
advise clients on legal transactions. May specialize in a single area or    Average Yearly Salary $100,825
may practice broadly in many areas of law. SOC Code 23-1011.                Average Hourly Wage     $48.50
                                                                            Career Cluster Code          5
Librarians — Select, acquire, catalogue, classify, circulate, and           Number Employed           2,240   MA/MS
maintain library materials. Work in a variety of settings, including        Annual Job Openings          46   323
public libraries, schools, colleges and universities, museums,              Average Yearly Salary   $50,385
government agencies, law firms, non-profit organizations, and               Average Hourly Wage      $24.25
healthcare providers. May set up or work with databases and                 Career Cluster Code           5
information systems to catalogue and access information.
SOC Code 25-4021.
                                                             Career Paths ❖ Page 24
                                                                               Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                  Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                   Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                               Career Cluster Code
Library Technicians — Assist librarians by helping readers in the           Number Employed           2,108   OJT, Cert, Assoc
use of library catalogs, databases, and indexes to locate books and         Annual Job Openings         116   222, 227
other materials. Answer questions that require only brief consulta-         Average Yearly Salary   $29,730
tion of standard reference. Compile records; sort and shelve books;         Average Hourly Wage      $14.30
remove or repair damaged books; register patrons; check materials           Career Cluster Code           5
in and out of the circulation process. SOC Code 25-4031.
Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurses — Care for sick and                    Number Employed           7,096   Cert
injured persons in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, private homes,        Annual Job Openings         276   077, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264,
and similar institutions. Work under the supervision of physicians or       Average Yearly Salary   $43,400   269, 271, 272, 276, 278, 280,
registered nurses to provide basic bedside care. Bathe, dress, feed and     Average Hourly Wage      $20.85   473
give medicines to patients. Licensing required. SOC Code 29-2061.           Career Cluster Code           6
Loan Counselors & Officers — Counsel loan applicants to                     Number Employed           2,705   Bach
determine the best type of loan and explain loan requirements or            Annual Job Openings          63   225, 305, 308, 320, 321, 322,
restrictions. Advise borrowers on financial status and methods of           Average Yearly Salary   $64,515   323, 330, 331, 332, 333, 335
payments. Evaluate, authorize, or recommend approval of commer-             Average Hourly Wage      $31.00
cial, real estate, or credit loans. SOC Codes 13-2071 and 13-2072.          Career Cluster Code           2
Machinists — Set up and operate a variety of machine tools to               Number Employed           9,258   Cert, Assoc, Appren, Military,
produce precision parts and instruments. May fabricate, modify, or          Annual Job Openings         190   OJT
repair mechanical instruments and parts. Apply knowledge of                 Average Yearly Salary   $35,765   260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 266,
mechanics, shop mathematics, metal properties, layout, and                  Average Hourly Wage      $17.20   267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272,
machining procedures. SOC Code 51-4041.                                     Career Cluster Code           8   273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 280
Maintenance & Repair Workers, General — Generally work in                   Number Employed          12,343   Cert, Appren, OJT
small establishments where specialization in maintenance work is            Annual Job Openings         161   267
impractical. Keep machines, mechanical equipment, or building in            Average Yearly Salary   $35,870
repair. Duties may involve pipe fitting; boiler making; insulating;         Average Hourly Wage      $17.25
welding; machining; carpentry; repairing electrical equipment;              Career Cluster Code           8
installing equipment; repairing floors or stairs. SOC Code 49-9042.
Market Research Analysts — Research market conditions in local,             Number Employed           2,596   Bach, MA/MS, Ph.D.
regional, or national areas to determine potential sales of a product       Annual Job Openings          95   305, 306, 307, 308, 321, 322,
or service. May gather information on competitors, prices, sales, and       Average Yearly Salary   $64,815   323, 327, 331, 333, 334, 337,
methods of marketing and distribution. May use survey results to            Average Hourly Wage      $31.15   342
create a marketing campaign based on regional preferences and               Career Cluster Code           2
buying habits. SOC Code 19-3021.
Marketing Managers — Determine the demand for products and                  Number Employed           3,356   Bach, MBA
services offered by a firm and its competitors and identify potential       Annual Job Openings         104   305, 308, 320, 321, 323, 330,
customers, products, and services. Develop pricing strategies with          Average Yearly Salary   $96,335   331, 332, 333, 335
the goal of maximizing the firm's profits or share of the market while      Average Hourly Wage      $46.30
ensuring the firm's customers are satisfied. SOC Code 11-2021.              Career Cluster Code           2
Masons, Brick & Block — Lay and bind building materials, such               Number Employed           1,292   HS, OJT, Appren
as brick, structural tile, concrete block, cinder block, glass block, and   Annual Job Openings          40   260, 261, 268
terra-cotta block, with mortar and other substances to construct or         Average Yearly Salary   $50,655
repair walls, partitions, arches, fireplaces, chimneys, sewers, and         Average Hourly Wage      $24.35
other structures. SOC Code 47-2021.                                         Career Cluster Code           3
Masons, Cement and Concrete Finishers — Smooth and finish                   Number Employed             648   OJT, Appren
surfaces of poured concrete, such as floors, walks, sidewalks, roads,       Annual Job Openings           6   260, 261, 268
or curbs using a variety of hand and power tools. Align forms for           Average Yearly Salary   $42,425
sidewalks, curbs, or gutters; patch voids; use saws to cut expansion        Average Hourly Wage      $20.40
joints. SOC Code 47-2051.                                                   Career Cluster Code           3
Mechanical Engineers — Design and develop tools, engines,                   Number Employed           5,304   Bach, MA/MS
machines, and other mechanically functioning equipment. Oversee             Annual Job Openings         186   308, 310, 330, 331, 332, 333,
installation, operation, maintenance, and repair of such equipment as       Average Yearly Salary   $64,140   337, 339
centralized heat, gas, water, and steam systems. Many specialize in a       Average Hourly Wage      $30.85
product area, such as motor vehicles, marine equipment, heating and         Career Cluster Code           8
cooling units, or plastics. Some do research, sales work or teach.
SOC Code 17-2141.



                                                             Career Paths ❖ Page 25
                                                                            Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                               Annual Job Openings,             Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                Salary, and                 Routes and Site Codes
                                                                            Career Cluster Code
Medical & Clinical Laboratory Technicians — Perform routine              Number Employed           1,235    Cert, Assoc, Military
medical laboratory tests for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention    Annual Job Openings          42    112, 223, 224
of disease. Prepare tissue samples for pathologists, take blood          Average Yearly Salary   $39,530
samples and execute urinalysis and blood count tests. Work may be        Average Hourly Wage      $19.00
supervised by a medical technologist. SOC Code 29-2012.                  Career Cluster Code           6
Medical & Clinical Laboratory Technologists — Perform                    Number Employed           1,776    Bach
complex medical laboratory tests for diagnosis, treatment, and           Annual Job Openings          68    112, 321, 331, 332
prevention of disease. Evaluate test results, develop and monitor        Average Yearly Salary   $50,640
procedures, and establish and monitor programs, to ensure the            Average Hourly Wage      $24.35
accuracy of tests. May train or supervise staff. SOC Code 29-2011.       Career Cluster Code           6
Medical Assistants — Perform duties under the direction of               Number Employed           3,907    Cert, Assoc, OJT
physician. Administrative duties may include scheduling                  Annual Job Openings         286    001, 015, 017, 062, 077, 079,
appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding for       Average Yearly Salary   $29,640    085, 086, 087, 088, 124, 222,
insurance purposes. Clinical duties may include taking and recording     Average Hourly Wage      $14.25    228, 230, 274, 303, 347, 463,
vital signs and medical histories, preparing patients for examination,   Career Cluster Code           6    490, 939
drawing blood, and administering medications as directed by a
physician. SOC Code 31-9092.
Medical Records & Health Information Technicians —                       Number Employed           1,194    Assoc
Organize and evaluate medical records of a patient’s symptoms,           Annual Job Openings          67    230, 303
medical history, examintion results, diagnoses and treatment plans.      Average Yearly Salary   $32,575
Analyze data to help improve patient care, control costs, or ensure      Average Hourly Wage      $15.65
compliance with legal and health requirements. SOC Code 29-2071.         Career Cluster Code           6
Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators & Tenders,                      Number Employed           2,528    OJT
Metal & Plastic — Set up, operate, or tend more than one type            Annual Job Openings          39    260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 266,
of cutting or forming machine tool or robot. SOC Code 51-4081.           Average Yearly Salary   $34,465    267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272,
                                                                         Average Hourly Wage      $16.55    273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 280
                                                                         Career Cluster Code           8
Network & Computer Systems Administrators — Install,                     Number Employed           3,467    Bach, MBA
configure, and support an organization's local area network (LAN),       Annual Job Openings         199    301, 305, 308, 320, 321, 327,
wide area network (WAN), and Internet system or a segment of a           Average Yearly Salary   $64,130    330, 331, 332, 334, 335
network system. Maintain network hardware and software. Monitor          Average Hourly Wage      $30.85
network to ensure network availability to all system users and           Career Cluster Code          2,9
perform necessary maintenance. May supervise others and plan,
coordinate, and implement network security measures. May be
designated as a ‘Web Master’. SOC Code 15-1071.
Network Systems & Data Communications Analysts —                         Number Employed           2,301    Cert, Assoc, Bach
Analyze, design, test, and evaluate network systems, such as local       Annual Job Openings         115    015, 017, 062, 068, 221, 222,
area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), Internet, intranet,       Average Yearly Salary   $63,410    223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228,
and other data communications systems. Perform network model-            Average Hourly Wage      $30.50    229, 231, 232, 301, 333, 463,
ing, analysis, and planning. Research and recommend network and          Career Cluster Code          2,9   490, 510, 557, 558, 559, 561,
data         communications hardware and software. May deal with                                            563, 592, 593, 594, 595, 602,
interfacing of computer and communications equipment. May                                                   603, 604, 949
supervise computer programmers. SOC Code 15-1081.
Nonfarm Animal Caretakers — Feed, groom, exercise, or other-             Number Employed           1,338    OJT
wise care for nonfarm animals such as dogs, cats, ornamental fish or     Annual Job Openings          47
birds, zoo animals, and mice. Work in kennels, animal shelters, zoos,    Average Yearly Salary   $21,280
circuses, and aquariums. Disinfect and repair cages. Record feedings,    Average Hourly Wage      $10.25
treatments, and animals received or discharged. SOC Code 39-2021.        Career Cluster Code           4
Numerical Tool & Process Control Programmers — Develop                   Number Employed             617    OJT, Appren, Cert
programs to control machining or processing of parts by automatic        Annual Job Openings          22
machine tools, equipment, or systems. SOC Code 51-4012.                  Average Yearly Salary   $47,865
                                                                         Average Hourly Wage      $23.00
                                                                         Career Cluster Code           8




                                                           Career Paths ❖ Page 26
                                                                              Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                 Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                  Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                              Career Cluster Code
Nursing Aides, Orderlies & Attendants — Provide basic patient              Number Employed          23,543   HS, Cert, Military
care under direction of nursing staff. Perform duties such as feed,        Annual Job Openings         839   032, 035, 039, 264, 271, 417,
bathe, dress, groom, or move patients, or change linens. May store         Average Yearly Salary   $26,395   425, 426, 430, 447, 453, 465,
or move medical supplies and clean patients’ rooms. Work in                Average Hourly Wage      $12.70   469, 503, 512, 514, 565, 588,
hospitals, nursing homes, and other health facilities.                     Career Cluster Code           6   596, 601, 923, 939, 940, 950
SOC Code 31-1012.
Obstetricians & Gynecologists — Diagnose, treat, and help                  Number Employed            735    Medical School
prevent diseases of female genital, urinary, and rectal organs.            Annual Job Openings         22    337, 340
Examines patient, prescribes medication, educates patient, and may         Average Yearly Salary $132,280
perform surgery. May care for patient throughout pregnancy and             Average Hourly Wage     $63.60
deliver babies. SOC Code 29-1064.                                          Career Cluster Code          6
Occupational Therapists — Assess, plan, organize, and participate          Number Employed           1,308   Bach
in rehabilitative programs that help restore vocational, homemaking,       Annual Job Openings          62   321, 332
and daily living skills, as well as general independence, to disabled      Average Yearly Salary   $59,305
persons. Help people improve their ability to perform tasks in their       Average Hourly Wage      $28.05
daily living and working environments. SOC Code 29-1122.                   Career Cluster Code           6
Office Clerks, General — Clerical duties may be assigned in                Number Employed          30,599   HS, Cert
accordance with the office procedures of individual establishments         Annual Job Openings         752   035, 039, 079, 223, 224, 225,
and may include a combination of answering telephones,                     Average Yearly Salary   $26,735   226, 228, 231, 303, 511, 939
bookkeeping, typing or word processing, stenography, office machine        Average Hourly Wage      $12.85
operation, and filing. SOC Code 43-9061.                                   Career Cluster Code           2
Operating Engineers — Operate construction equipment, such as              Number Employed           3,483   OJT, Appren
motor graders, bulldozers, scrapers, compressors, pumps, derricks,         Annual Job Openings          89
shovels, tractors, or front-end loaders to excavate and grade earth,       Average Yearly Salary   $46,550
erect structures, or pour concrete or other hard surface pavement.         Average Hourly Wage      $22.35
May repair and maintain equipment. SOC Code 47-2073.                       Career Cluster Code           3
Packers & Packagers, Hand — Pack or package by hand a wide                 Number Employed          10,538   OJT
variety of products and materials. May inspect items for defects,          Annual Job Openings         338
label cartons, stamp information on products, keep records of items        Average Yearly Salary   $19,225
packed, and stack packages on loading docks. SOC Code 53-7064.             Average Hourly Wage       $9.25
                                                                           Career Cluster Code           8
Painters, Construction/Maintenance & Paperhangers — paint                  Number Employed           4,964   OJT, Appren
walls, equipment, buildings, bridges, and other surfaces, using brushes,   Annual Job Openings         134   261
rollers, and spray guns. May remove old paint to prepare surface prior     Average Yearly Salary   $34,685
to painting. Paperhangers cover interior walls and ceilings of rooms       Average Hourly Wage      $16.70
with wallpaper or fabric. SOC Codes 47-2141 and 47-2142.                   Career Cluster Code           3
Paralegals & Legal Assistants — Assist lawyers by researching              Number Employed           3,972   Cert, Assoc, Bach
legal precedent, investigating facts, or preparing legal documents.        Annual Job Openings          49   015, 224, 225, 228, 229, 303,
Conduct research to support a legal proceeding, to formulate a             Average Yearly Salary   $44,030   320, 322, 330, 332, 463, 490
defense, or to initiate legal action. Draft briefs, wills, contracts,      Average Hourly Wage      $21.15
deeds, sworn statements or patent applications. SOC Code 23-2011.          Career Cluster Code           5
Personal & Home Care Aides — Assist elderly or disabled adults             Number Employed           4,461   OJT, Cert
with daily living activities at the person's home or in a daytime          Annual Job Openings         249
non-residential facility. May help clients move from bed, bathe,           Average Yearly Salary   $21,780
dress, and groom. Duties at patient’s home may include housework           Average Hourly Wage      $10.45
and cooking. May advise clients and their relatives on such things         Career Cluster Code           5
as nutrition, cleanliness, and household utilities. SOC Code 39-9021.
Pharmacists — Dispense drugs prescribed by physicians and other            Number Employed           2,625   Pharm. D. - College of
health practitioners and provide information to patients about             Annual Job Openings         128   Pharmacy
medications and their use. May advise physicians and other health          Average Yearly Salary   $77,715   331
practitioners on the selection, dosage, interactions, and side effects     Average Hourly Wage      $37.35
of medications. SOC Code 29-1051.                                          Career Cluster Code           6
Pharmacy Technicians — Prepare medications under the direc-                Number Employed           2,412   OJT, Cert, Assoc
tion of a pharmacist. May measure, mix, count out, label, and record       Annual Job Openings         153   231, 303
amounts and dosages of medications. Receive and store incoming             Average Yearly Salary   $23,405
supplies and maintain inventory records. Clean and sterilize               Average Hourly Wage      $11.25
equipment according to prescribed methods. SOC Code 29-2052.               Career Cluster Code           6
                                                             Career Paths ❖ Page 27
                                                                             Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                 Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                             Career Cluster Code
Photographers — Use a variety of cameras, lenses, and film to take        Number Employed           1,106   OJT, Cert, Assoc, Bach
still and motion pictures of people, things, places and events. May       Annual Job Openings          38   228, 232, 319, 332
develop negatives or use computers to manipulate and enhance              Average Yearly Salary   $31,200
images to create desired effect. May specialize in news, portrait,        Average Hourly Wage      $15.00
commercial or industrial work. SOC Code 27-4021.                          Career Cluster Code           1
Physical Therapy Assistants — Assist physical therapists in               Number Employed             618   Assoc
providing therapy treatments. Prepare patient and/or administer           Annual Job Openings          42   222, 223, 224, 225, 228, 232
treatment such as massages, traction and heat, light and sound            Average Yearly Salary   $34,595
treatment. Document the progress of treatment and modify                  Average Hourly Wage      $16.65
treatment in accordance with patient status. SOC Code 31-2021.            Career Cluster Code           6
Physical Therapists — Assess, plan, organize, and participate in          Number Employed           2,570   MA/MS, Ph.D.
rehabilitative programs that improve mobility, relieve pain, increase     Annual Job Openings         123   321, 322, 331, 332
strength, and decrease or prevent deformity of patients suffering         Average Yearly Salary   $64,225
from disease or injury. Restore, maintain, and promote overall            Average Hourly Wage      $30.90
fitness and health. SOC Code 29-1123.                                     Career Cluster Code           6
Physician Assistants — Provide healthcare services typically per-         Number Employed             809   Bach, MA/MS, Military
formed by a physician, under the supervision of a physician. Conduct      Annual Job Openings          51   321, 337
complete physicals, provide treatment, & counsel patients. In some        Average Yearly Salary   $68,635
cases, may prescribe medication. Must graduate from an accredited         Average Hourly Wage      $33.00
educational program for physician assistants. SOC Code 29-1071.           Career Cluster Code           6
Physicians, Family & General — Diagnose, treat, and help                  Number Employed          2,197    Medical School
prevent diseases and injuries that commonly occur in the general          Annual Job Openings         69    337, 340
population. Examine patients, obtain medical histories; order, per-       Average Yearly Salary $119,010
form and interpret diagnostic tests. SOC Code 29-1062.                    Average Hourly Wage     $57.20
                                                                          Career Cluster Code          6
Plumbers, Pipefitters & Steamfitters — Assemble, install, alter,          Number Employed           5,912   OJT, Appren, Military
and repair pipelines or pipe systems that carry water, steam, air, or     Annual Job Openings         145   260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 267,
other liquids or gases. Install plumbing fixtures and appliances. May     Average Yearly Salary   $46,130   269, 271, 272, 274, 275, 278,
install heating and cooling equipment and mechanical control              Average Hourly Wage      $22.20   410
systems. SOC Code 47-2152.                                                Career Cluster Code           3
Police & Sheriff's Patrol Officers — Enforce law, prevent crime           Number Employed           7,399   HS, Cert, Assoc, Bach,
and protect the public. Duties range from controlling traffic to          Annual Job Openings         276   Military
solving criminal cases. Some work in special units such as                Average Yearly Salary   $48,915   200, 202, 222, 223, 224, 225,
motorcycle squads, helicopter patrols, rescue squads or youth-aid         Average Hourly Wage      $23.50   227, 228, 229, 232, 333, 335;
services. Write reports, maintain records, and testify in court.          Career Cluster Code           5   (also municipal police
SOC Code 33-3051.                                                                                           academies)
Printing Machine Operators — Set up, operate, and maintain                Number Employed           2,807   OJT, Cert, Appren
various types of printing machines, such as offset, letterset,            Annual Job Openings          71   228, 231, 260, 261, 263, 264,
intaglio, or gravure presses or screen printers to produce print on       Average Yearly Salary   $33,480   267, 269, 271, 272, 273, 590
paper or other materials. SOC Code 51-5023.                               Average Hourly Wage      $16.10
                                                                          Career Cluster Code           8
Probation Officers & Correctional Treatment Specialists —                 Number Employed           1,200   Bach, MA/MS
Provide social services to assist in rehabilitation of law offenders in   Annual Job Openings          28   305, 307, 322, 323, 326, 331,
custody, on probation or parole. Recommend actions involving              Average Yearly Salary   $47,090   333, 335, 343, 344, 348
formulation of rehabilitation plan including conditional release and      Average Hourly Wage      $22.65
education and employment stipulations. SOC Code 21-1092.                  Career Cluster Code           5
Production, Planning & Expediting Clerks — Coordinate                     Number Employed           4,613   OJT
the flow of work and materials within an establishment. Review            Annual Job Openings          77
production and shipment schedules; confer with department                 Average Yearly Salary   $40,175
supervisors to determine progress of work; and compile reports on         Average Hourly Wage      $19.30
inventory levels, costs, and production problems. SOC Code 43-5061.       Career Cluster Code           2
Psychiatrists — Diagnose, treat, and help prevent mental,                 Number Employed            800    Medical School
emotional and behavioral disorders. Organize data concerning              Annual Job Openings         22    337, 340
patient’s family, medical history, and onset of symptoms. Order           Average Yearly Salary $108,640
laboratory and other diagnostic tests and evaluate results.               Average Hourly Wage     $52.25
Formulate treatment program utilizing therapy and medications.            Career Cluster Code          6
SOC Code 29-1066.
                                                            Career Paths ❖ Page 28
                                                                              Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                 Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                  Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                              Career Cluster Code
Psychologists, Clinical, Counseling & School — Diagnose and                Number Employed           2,561   MA/MS, Ph.D.
treat mental disorders, learning disabilities and cognitive, behavioral,   Annual Job Openings          81   305, 306, 323, 326, 331, 332,
and emotional problems using individual, child, family, and group          Average Yearly Salary   $56,965   333, 334, 337, 350
therapies. May design and implement behavior modification                  Average Hourly Wage      $27.40
programs. SOC Code 19-3031.                                                Career Cluster Code           5
Public Relations Specialists — Help individuals, groups or                 Number Employed           2,583   Bach, Military
organizations promote ideas, services or products and build a good         Annual Job Openings         108   224, 227
public image. Prepare press releases and ads for use in newspapers,        Average Yearly Salary   $49,940
radio, and TV. Make speeches or conduct sales campaigns. May               Average Hourly Wage      $24.00
specialize in non-profit or political organizations. SOC Code 27-3031.     Career Cluster Code           2
Purchasing Agents — Purchase machinery, equipment, tools,                  Number Employed           3,727   Bach, MA/MS, MBA
parts, supplies, or services necessary for the operation of an             Annual Job Openings          78   321
establishment. Purchase raw or semi-finished materials for                 Average Yearly Salary   $51,445
manufacturing. Examine similar products, determine the best value          Average Hourly Wage      $24.75
and arrange contracts to purchase goods. SOC Code 13-1023.                 Career Cluster Code           2
Radiation Therapists — Provide radiaton therapy to patients as             Number Employed             854   Assoc
prescribed by a radiologist according to established practices and         Annual Job Openings          41   231
standards. Duties may included reviewing prescription and diagnosis;       Average Yearly Salary   $42,680
acting as liaison with physician and supportive care personnel;            Average Hourly Wage      $20.50
preparing equipment, such as immobilization, treatment, and                Career Cluster Code           6
protection devices; maintaining records, reports, and files. May
assist in dosimetry procedures and tumor localization.
SOC Code 29-1124.
Radiologic Technologists & Technicians — Take X-rays and                   Number Employed           2,726   Cert, Assoc, Bach, Military
CAT scans or administer diagnostic medication into patient’s blood         Annual Job Openings         114   112, 124, 126, 128, 129, 222,
stream. May specialize in computed tomography (CT) or magnetic             Average Yearly Salary   $44,725   225, 226, 231, 321, 332
resonance imaging (MRI). Prepare patients, keep patient records,           Average Hourly Wage      $21.50
and adjust and maintain equipment. SOC Code 29-2034.                       Career Cluster Code           6
Recreation Workers — Conduct recreational activities with groups           Number Employed           5,636   Cert, Assoc, Bach, OJT
in public, private, or volunteer agencies or recreation facilities.        Annual Job Openings         195   228, 229, 315, 323, 331
Organize and promote activities, such as arts and crafts, sports,          Average Yearly Salary   $23,465
games, music, dramatics, camping, and hobbies, taking into account         Average Hourly Wage      $11.30
the needs and interests of individual members. SOC Code 39-9032.           Career Cluster Code           7
Recreational Therapists — Plan, direct, or coordinate medically-           Number Employed             988   Assoc, Bach
approved recreation programs for patients in hospitals, nursing            Annual Job Openings          30   224, 226, 228, 231, 315
homes, or other institutions. Activities include sports, trips, social     Average Yearly Salary   $38,595
activities, dance, music, games, and art. May assess a patient's           Average Hourly Wage      $18.55
condition to recommend appropriate activity. SOC Code 29-1125.             Career Cluster Code           6
Registered Nurses — As important members of the healthcare                 Number Employed          30,530   Diploma, Assoc, Bach
team, registered nurses perform a wide range of functions. Observe         Annual Job Openings       1,268   111, 124, 222, 223, 225, 227,
and record symptoms, reactions and the progress of patients. Give          Average Yearly Salary   $54,035   229, 305, 308, 321, 322, 323,
prescribed medicine to patients and explain proper healthcare. Many        Average Hourly Wage      $26.00   326, 331, 332, 335, 337
provide nursing services in hospitals, doctor’s offices and nursing        Career Cluster Code           6
homes. May do research work or teach. SOC Code 29-1111.
Respiratory Therapists — Treat patients with breathing disorders,          Number Employed           1,070   Cert, Assoc, Bach
assuming primary responsibility for all respiratory care treatments.       Annual Job Openings          55   110, 112, 224, 225, 229, 321,
Supervise respiratory therapy technicians. Initiate and conduct            Average Yearly Salary   $46,450   322, 332
therapeutic procedures; maintain patient records; select, assemble,        Average Hourly Wage      $22.35
check, and operate equipment. SOC Code 29-1126.                            Career Cluster Code           6
Retail Salespersons — Sell merchandise, such as furniture, motor           Number Employed          54,474   HS, OJT
vehicles, appliances, or apparel in a retail establishment. Assist         Annual Job Openings       2,593
customers in finding what they are looking for. May help stock             Average Yearly Salary   $24,095
shelves or racks, mark price tags, take inventory, and prepare             Average Hourly Wage      $11.60
displays. SOC Code 41-2031.                                                Career Cluster Code           7




                                                            Career Paths ❖ Page 29
                                                                               Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                  Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                   Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                               Career Cluster Code
Roofers — Repair and install roofs to protect buildings and their           Number Employed           1,341   OJT, Appren
contents from water damage. Cover roofs of structures with                  Annual Job Openings          48
shingles, slate, asphalt, aluminum, wood, and related materials. May        Average Yearly Salary   $39,840
spray roofs, sidings, and walls with material to bind, seal, insulate, or   Average Hourly Wage      $19.15
soundproof sections of structures. SOC Code 47-2181.                        Career Cluster Code           3
Sales Representatives, Wholesale & Manufacturing, Technical                 Number Employed           7,458   Assoc, Bach
& Scientific Products — Sell goods for wholesalers or                       Annual Job Openings         202
manufacturers where technical or scientific knowledge is required.          Average Yearly Salary   $73,880
May specialize in such areas as biology, engineering, chemistry, and        Average Hourly Wage      $35.50
electronics. SOC Code 41-4011.                                              Career Cluster Code           8
Secretaries — Draft correspondence, schedule appointments,                  Number Employed          36,131   HS, Cert, Assoc, Bach
organize paper and electronic files, or provide information to callers.     Annual Job Openings         684   001, 017, 039, 062, 068, 222,
Use computers to manage databases and create reports. May special-          Average Yearly Salary   $31,595   224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229,
ize in medicine, law, science or education. May supervise a clerical        Average Hourly Wage      $15.20   230, 231, 232, 303, 347, 415,
staff or perform research. SOC Codes 43-6012, 43-6013, and 43-6014.         Career Cluster Code           2   439, 440, 502, 590
Securities, Commodities & Financial Services Sales Agents —                 Number Employed           5,850   OJT, Bach
Buy and sell securities in investment and trading firms, or call upon       Annual Job Openings         229   305, 308, 320, 321, 322, 323,
businesses and individuals to sell financial services. Provide financial    Average Yearly Salary   $94,890   330, 331, 332, 333, 335
services, such as loan, tax, and securities counseling. Advise custom-      Average Hourly Wage      $45.60
ers about stocks, bonds, and market conditions. SOC Code 41-3031.           Career Cluster Code           2
Security Guards — Guard, patrol, or monitor premises to prevent             Number Employed          14,501   HS, OJT, Military
vandalism, theft, violence, or infractions of rules. May monitor            Annual Job Openings         522   225, 227, 333
premises through closed-circuit TV cameras, or drive or walk from           Average Yearly Salary   $22,240
location to location to conduct security checks. SOC Code 33-9032.          Average Hourly Wage      $10.70
                                                                            Career Cluster Code           5
Sheet Metal Workers — Assemble, install, and repair sheet metal             Number Employed           2,985   OJT, Appren, Military
products such as ducts, control boxes, gutters, and furnace casings.        Annual Job Openings          87   275, 940
May set up and operate fabricating machines, shape metal over               Average Yearly Salary   $40,885
anvils or forms using hammer, operate soldering and welding                 Average Hourly Wage      $19.65
equipment, and smooth seams and joints. SOC Code 47-2211.                   Career Cluster Code           8
Shipping, Receiving & Traffic Clerks — Verify and keep records              Number Employed          10,245   OJT
on incoming and outgoing shipments. Assemble, address, stamp,               Annual Job Openings         206
and ship merchandise or material; receive, unpack, verify and               Average Yearly Salary   $28,035
record incoming merchandise or material; and arrange for the                Average Hourly Wage      $13.50
transportation of products. SOC Code 43-5071.                               Career Cluster Code           7
Social & Human Service Assistants — Assist professionals from               Number Employed           7,839   Cert, Assoc
a wide variety of fields, such as psychology, rehabilitation, or social     Annual Job Openings         360   221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226,
work, to provide client services. May assist clients in identifying and     Average Yearly Salary   $33,380   227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232,
obtaining available benefits and social and community services. May         Average Hourly Wage      $16.05   315, 949, 951
assist social workers with developing and conducting programs to            Career Cluster Code           5
prevent and resolve problems relevant to substance abuse, human
relationships, rehabilitation, or adult daycare. SOC Code 21-1093.
Social Workers — Counsel and aid individuals and families                   Number Employed           8,441   Bach, MSW
requiring social service assistance. Provide information and referral       Annual Job Openings         282   305, 307, 322, 323, 326, 331,
services. May provide persons, families, or vulnerable populations          Average Yearly Salary   $46,870   335, 343, 344, 348
with the psychosocial support needed to cope with illnesses. May            Average Hourly Wage      $22.55
assess and treat individuals with mental, emotional, or substance           Career Cluster Code           5
abuse problems. SOC Codes 21-1021, 21-1022 and 21-1023.
Speech-Language Pathologists — Assess and treat persons with                Number Employed           1,384   MA/MS
speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. May select alternative      Annual Job Openings          72   323, 331
communication systems and teach their use. May perform research             Average Yearly Salary   $60,045
related to speech and language problems. SOC Code 29-1127.                  Average Hourly Wage      $28.85
                                                                            Career Cluster Code           6




                                                             Career Paths ❖ Page 30
                                                                           Number Employed,
            Occupational Title, Description                               Annual Job Openings,            Education & Training
                   and SOC Code                                                Salary, and                Routes and Site Codes
                                                                           Career Cluster Code
Stationary Engineers & Boiler Operators — Operate or                    Number Employed             509   OJT, Appren, Military
maintain stationary engines, boilers, or other mechanical equipment     Annual Job Openings          14
to provide utilities for buildings or industrial processes.             Average Yearly Salary   $44,220
Operate equipment, such as steam engines, generators, motors,           Average Hourly Wage      $21.25
turbines, and steam boilers. May use computers to operate               Career Cluster Code           8
mechanical systems of new buildings and plants. SOC Code 51-8021.
Stock Clerks & Order Fillers — Receive, store, and issue sales          Number Employed          20,813   OJT
floor merchandise, materials, equipment, and other items from           Annual Job Openings         511
stockroom, warehouse, or storage yard to fill shelves, racks,           Average Yearly Salary   $24,355
tables, or customers’ orders. May mark prices on merchandise and        Average Hourly Wage      $11.70
set up sales displays. SOC Code 43-5081.                                Career Cluster Code           7
Supervisors/Managers of Office & Administrative Support                 Number Employed          21,319   Promotion, Cert, Assoc, Bach
Workers — Coordinate the activities of clerical and administrative      Annual Job Openings         458   228, 230
support workers. Set up work procedures, prepare work schedules,        Average Yearly Salary   $47,050
and ensure that office runs smoothly. May order office supplies and     Average Hourly Wage      $22.60
keep payroll and other records. SOC Code 43-1011.                       Career Cluster Code           2
Supervisors/Managers of Production & Operating Workers —                Number Employed          10,861   Promotion
Supervise and coordinate the activities of production and operating     Annual Job Openings         285   221, 225, 227, 305, 310
workers, such as inspectors, precision workers, machine setters and     Average Yearly Salary   $54,240
operators, assemblers, fabricators, and plant and system operators.     Average Hourly Wage      $26.10
SOC Code 51-1011.                                                       Career Cluster Code           8
Surgeons — Treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive        Number Employed          1,310    Medical School
methods, such as manual manipulation or by using instruments and        Annual Job Openings         38    337, 340
appliances. May perform general surgery or specialize in a specific     Average Yearly Salary $130,845
type of surgery. SOC Code 29-1067.                                      Average Hourly Wage     $62.90
                                                                        Career Cluster Code          6
Surveying & Mapping Technicians — Perform surveying and                 Number Employed             459   Cert, Assoc, OJT, Military
mapping duties, usually under the direction of a surveyor, to           Annual Job Openings          22
obtain data used for construction, mapmaking, boundary location,        Average Yearly Salary   $37,170
mining, or other purposes. May calculate mapmaking information          Average Hourly Wage      $17.85
and create maps from source data, such as surveying notes,              Career Cluster Code           3
aerial photography, satellite data, or other maps. SOC Code 17-3031.
Teacher Assistants — Perform duties that are instructional or           Number Employed          20,693   HS, Cert, Assoc, OJT
clerical in nature or deliver direct services to students or parents.   Annual Job Openings         712   224, 230
Serve in a position for which a teacher or another professional has     Average Yearly Salary   $23,470
ultimate responsibility for the design and implementation of educa-     Average Hourly Wage        N/A
tional programs and services. SOC Code 25-9041.                         Career Cluster Code           5
Teachers, Elementary School — Teach pupils in public or private         Number Employed          16,561   Bach, MA/MS
schools at the elementary level basic academic, social, and other       Annual Job Openings         445   305, 306, 307, 308, 321, 323,
formative skills. May instruct one class in several subjects or teach   Average Yearly Salary   $52,480   326, 330, 331, 332, 333
one special subject to a number of classes. SOC Code 25-2021.           Average Hourly Wage        N/A
                                                                        Career Cluster Code           5
Teachers, Secondary School — Instruct students in public or             Number Employed          12,519   Bach, MA/MS, Ph.D.
private schools in one or more subjects at the secondary level, such    Annual Job Openings         488   305, 306, 307, 308, 321, 322,
as English, mathematics, or social studies. Duties include planning     Average Yearly Salary   $53,435   323, 326, 330, 331, 332, 333,
lessons; preparing, administering, and grading tests; maintaining       Average Hourly Wage        N/A    335, 337
classroom discipline; and meeting with parents. SOC Code 25-2031.       Career Cluster Code           5
Teachers & Instructors, Adult Literacy, Remedial Education &            Number Employed             616   Bach, MA/MS
GED — Teach or instruct out-of-school youths and adults in              Annual Job Openings          14   305, 308
remedial education classes, preparatory classes for the General         Average Yearly Salary   $42,515
Educational Development test, literacy, or English as a Second          Average Hourly Wage      $20.45
Language. SOC Code 25-3011.                                             Career Cluster Code           5
Teachers, Middle School — Teach students in public or private           Number Employed           8,343   Bach, MA/MS
schools in one or more subjects at the middle, intermediate, or         Annual Job Openings         199   307, 321
junior high level. Duties include planning lessons; preparing,          Average Yearly Salary   $54,350
administering, and grading tests; maintaining classroom discipline;     Average Hourly Wage        N/A
and meeting with parents. SOC Code 25-2022.                             Career Cluster Code           5
                                                          Career Paths ❖ Page 31
                                                                             Number Employed,
             Occupational Title, Description                                Annual Job Openings,             Education & Training
                    and SOC Code                                                 Salary, and                 Routes and Site Codes
                                                                             Career Cluster Code
Teachers, Special Education — Teach school subjects (preschool            Number Employed           6,184    Bach, MA/MS
through secondary school) to educationally and physically                 Annual Job Openings         164    231, 305, 307, 308, 323, 326,
handicapped students. Includes teachers who specialize and work           Average Yearly Salary   $54,505    331, 332
with audibly and visually handicapped students and those who              Average Hourly Wage        N/A
teach basic academic and life processes skills to the mentally            Career Cluster Code           5
impaired. SOC Codes 25-2041, 25-2042, and 25-2043.
Team Assemblers — Work as part of a team responsible for                  Number Employed          12,882    HS, OJT
assembling an entire product or component of a product. Can               Annual Job Openings         224
perform all tasks in the assembly process and rotate through all or       Average Yearly Salary   $26,680
most of them rather than being assigned permanently to a specific         Average Hourly Wage      $12.80
task. May participate in management decisions. SOC Code 51-2092.          Career Cluster Code           8
Telecommunications Equipment Installers & Repairers — Set                 Number Employed           1,686    Assoc, Bach, Military
up, rearrange, or remove switching and dialing equipment used in          Annual Job Openings          32    274, 410
offices. Service or repair telephones and other communication             Average Yearly Salary   $44,460
equipment on customers' property. May install equipment in new            Average Hourly Wage      $21.40
locations or in buildings under construction. SOC Code 49-2022.           Career Cluster Code           8
Telecommunications Line Installers & Repairers — String and               Number Employed           1,812    HS, OJT, Cert, Military
repair telephone and television cable, including fiber optics and         Annual Job Openings          47    274, 410
other equipment for transmitting messages or television                   Average Yearly Salary   $39,040
programming. SOC Code 49-9052.                                            Average Hourly Wage      $18.75
                                                                          Career Cluster Code           8
Tool & Die Makers — Make machine shop tools, jigs, fixtures,              Number Employed           3,323    Appren, Cert
instruments and metal-forming dies. Analyze specifications, lay out       Annual Job Openings          83    224, 260, 261, 263, 264, 265,
metal stock, set up and operate machine tools, and fit and assemble       Average Yearly Salary   $45,135    266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271,
parts. Make metal molds for diecasting and for molding plastics.          Average Hourly Wage      $21.70    272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 278,
SOC Code 51-4111.                                                         Career Cluster Code           8    280
Travel Agents — Give advice on destinations and make                      Number Employed           2,090    HS, Cert, Assoc, Bach
arrangements for transportation, hotel accommodations, car rentals,       Annual Job Openings          51    001, 017, 039, 044, 079, 227,
and tours for travel agency customers. Determine destination,             Average Yearly Salary   $30,950    303, 305, 333, 415, 439, 440,
modes of transportation, travel dates, costs, and accommodations          Average Hourly Wage      $14.90    950
required. SOC Code 41-3041.                                               Career Cluster Code           7
Truck Drivers, Heavy & Tractor-Trailer — Drive a tractor-trailer          Number Employed          14,117    OJT, Cert
combination or truck with a capacity of at least three tons, to           Annual Job Openings         359    006, 038, 078, 464
deliver goods, livestock, or materials in liquid, loose, or packaged      Average Yearly Salary   $37,885
form. May be required to unload truck or use automated routing            Average Hourly Wage      $18.20
equipment. Requires commercial drivers' license. SOC Code 53-3032.        Career Cluster Code          3,7
Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery — Drive a truck or van with a            Number Employed          14,333    OJT, Cert
capacity of under 26,000 GVW, to deliver merchandise or packages          Annual Job Openings         333    006, 038, 078, 464
within a specified area. May require use of automatic routing or          Average Yearly Salary   $27,920
location software. May load and unload truck. SOC Code 53-3033.           Average Hourly Wage      $13.40
                                                                          Career Cluster Code          3,7
Urban and Regional Planners — Develop comprehensive plans                 Number Employed             274    MA/MS
and programs for use of land and physical facilities of local jurisdic-   Annual Job Openings           9    306, 323, 331, 343, 344, 348
tions, such as towns, cities, and metropolitan areas. Advise planning     Average Yearly Salary   $58,865
officials on feasibility, cost-effectiveness, regulatory conformance,     Average Hourly Wage      $28.30
and alternative recommendations for projects. SOC Code 19-3051.           Career Cluster Code           5
Veterinarians — Diagnose and treat diseases and injuries of animals.      Number Employed             850    School of Veterinary Medicine
Most perform clinical work in private practice. Some specialize in        Annual Job Openings          34
a particular area, such as research, consultation, administration,        Average Yearly Salary   $73,820
technical writing, production of commercial products, or rendering        Average Hourly Wage      $35.50
of technical services to commercial firms. SOC Code 29-1131.              Career Cluster Code           4
Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers — Feed,            Number Employed             874    OJT
water, and examine pets and other nonfarm animals for signs of            Annual Job Openings          44    228, 321
illness, disease, or injury in laboratories and animal hospitals. Clean   Average Yearly Salary   $23,095
and disinfect cages and work areas, and sterilize laboratory              Average Hourly Wage      $11.10
equipment. May provide routine post-operative care, administer            Career Cluster Code           4
medication, or prepare samples for examination. SOC Code 31-9096.
                                                            Career Paths ❖ Page 32
                                                                                   Number Employed,
              Occupational Title, Description                                     Annual Job Openings,          Education & Training
                     and SOC Code                                                      Salary, and              Routes and Site Codes
                                                                                   Career Cluster Code

Veterinary Technologists & Technicians — Perform medical                     Number Employed             981   Assoc
tests in a laboratory environment for use in the treatment of animals.       Annual Job Openings          50   228, 321
Prepare vaccines and serums, take tissue and blood samples, and              Average Yearly Salary   $27,970
execute laboratory tests, such as urinalysis and blood counts. Sterilize     Average Hourly Wage      $13.45
and maintain instruments. SOC Code 29-2056.                                  Career Cluster Code           4
Waiters & Waitresses — Take orders and serve food and                        Number Employed          26,390   HS, OJT
beverages to patrons at tables in dining establishment. May also             Annual Job Openings       1,741
prepare itemized checks and accept payments. Listed wages may                Average Yearly Salary   $17,305
be understated because gratuities, or tips, are often a large portion of     Average Hourly Wage       $8.30
income. SOC Code 35-3031.                                                    Career Cluster Code           7
Water & Liquid Waste Treatment Plant & System Operators —                    Number Employed             844   HS, Cert, Assoc, OJT
Operate or control an entire process or system of machines, often            Annual Job Openings          34   221, 222, 225, 227, 228, 231,
through the use of control boards, to transfer or treat water or liquid      Average Yearly Salary   $40,455   232, 410, 567
waste. Read meters and test water samples to be sure equipment is            Average Hourly Wage      $19.45
working properly. SOC Code 51-8031.                                          Career Cluster Code           8
Welders, Cutters, Solderers & Brazers — Use hand-welding,                    Number Employed           3,900   Cert, Appren, Military, OJT
flame-cutting, hand soldering, or brazing equipment to weld or join          Annual Job Openings         109   038, 261, 266, 270, 278
metal components or to fill holes, indentations, or seams of                 Average Yearly Salary   $32,605
fabricated metal products. May cut and trim metal objects to                 Average Hourly Wage      $15.70
specific dimensions. SOC Code 51-4121.                                       Career Cluster Code           8
Writers & Editors — Communicate through the written word.                    Number Employed           4,456   Bach
Authors originate scripts, stories, advertisements, and other                Annual Job Openings         188   066, 301, 305, 306, 307, 308,
material. Technical Writers write equipment manuals, appendices,             Average Yearly Salary   $54,400   320, 321, 322, 323, 326, 327,
or operating and maintenance instructions. Editors review, select,           Average Hourly Wage      $26.15   331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 337,
and prepare material for publication or broadcast.                           Career Cluster Code           1   342
SOC Codes 27-3041, 27-3042, and 27-3043.
Zoologists & Wildlife Biologists — Study the origins, behavior,              Number Employed              68   Bach, MA/MS, Ph.D.
diseases, genetics, and life processes of animals and wildlife.              Annual Job Openings           3   301, 305, 306, 307, 308, 321,
May do consulting work, teach, or write for technical journal.               Average Yearly Salary   $57,055   322, 323, 326, 327, 330, 331,
SOC Code 19-1023.                                                            Average Hourly Wage      $27.45   332, 333, 334, 335, 337, 341
                                                                             Career Cluster Code           6




                                                                                       www.ctjobandcareer.org
                                    . . . Connect to Your Future in Connecticut

  There are many Web sites available for career development, but the Job & Career ConneCTion provides a one-stop source of
  information specific to Connecticut. Users can easily identify occupations that are the highest paying, fastest growing, or in
  the highest demand in Connecticut. Visit www.ctjobandcareer.org to explore these options:
       Local wages, number of job                       Detailed information of over                    Search for local services:
    openings, and projected growth rate              140,000 Connecticut employers,                  child care, transportation,
    of occupations                                   including maps to their locations               health care, and housing
      Descriptions of over 800                         Connecticut education, training,                 Connecticut Job Bank and
    occupations, 200 with videos                     and financial aid information                   other popular job search Web sites


                                Don’t have a computer? Visit your local Connecticut Department of Labor office or
                                library for public computers with Internet access.


                                                             Career Paths ❖ Page 33
Connecticut Learns:                                                                                  A School-to-Career System
Connecticut’s School-to-Career System is a combination of career exploration, rigorous school-based
learning, and work-based learning (from job shadowing to internships). Students are encouraged to take
a more active role in learning about careers by choosing an industry cluster to explore by the end of their
sophomore year. If you are interested in a particular cluster, look for occupations in the Career Table with
the same cluster code.

Arts and Media: This career cluster includes jobs performing in theater, dance and music, and
behind-the-scenes jobs such as set design, set lighting and camera work. It also includes the visual
arts, such as painting and sculpture, and the management of theaters, museums, art galleries and
concert spaces. Look for career cluster code 1.
Occupational Title ................................ Page                Occupational Title ................................ Page                Occupational Title ................................ Page
Announcers, Radio and Television ................ 16                    Dancers ......................................................... 19    Graphic Designers ......................................... 23
Art Directors ................................................. 16      Desktop Publishers ....................................... 20           Photographers ............................................... 28
Artists and Animators, Multi-Media .............. 16                    Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors,                            Writers and Editors ....................................... 33
Commercial and Industrial Designers ........... 18                      and Illustrators .............................................. 22



Business and Finance: This career cluster includes jobs in “offices” found in a variety of settings. There are
jobs for graduates with accounting backgrounds, for employees who can manage both people and money, and for
others who can make business decisions on developing and selling products and services. All offices depend upon
well-trained administrative support staff people, who need to know how to use computers, fax machines and other
office equipment. Look for career cluster code 2.
Occupational Title ................................ Page                Occupational Title ................................ Page               Occupational Title ................................ Page
Accountants and Auditors ............................. 15               Employment, Recruitment, and Placement                                 Office Clerks, General ................................... 27
Administrative Services Managers ................. 15                     Specialists .................................................. 21    Production, Planning, and Expediting
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing                                   Executive Secretaries and Administrative                                 Clerks ........................................................ 28
  Clerks ........................................................ 17      Assistants .................................................. 22     Public Relations Specialists ............................ 29
Buyers, Retail/Wholesale .............................. 17              Financial Analysts .......................................... 22       Purchasing Agents ......................................... 29
Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and                                        Insurance Sales Agents .................................. 24           Secretaries ..................................................... 30
  Investigators .............................................. 18       Insurance Underwriters ................................. 24            Securities, Commodities, and Financial
Computer Programmers ................................ 18                Loan Counselors and Officers ...................... 25                   Services Sales Agents ................................. 30
Computer Software Engineers ...................... 18                   Market Research Analysts ............................. 25              Supervisors/Managers of Office and
Computer Support Specialists ....................... 18                 Marketing Managers ...................................... 25             Administrative Support Workers ............... 31
Computer Systems Analysts .......................... 18                 Network and Computer Systems
Customer Service Representative .................. 19                     Administrators .......................................... 26
Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire and                                    Network Systems and Data Communications
  Ambulance ................................................ 20           Analysts ..................................................... 26



Construction: Technologies and Design: The design and construction of homes, buildings, bridges
and roads is a major category of jobs in the Connecticut economy. There are a wide range of jobs
including buying and developing land, designing or building projects. Look for career cluster code 3.
Occupational Title ................................ Page                Occupational Title ................................ Page                Occupational Title ................................ Page
Architects ...................................................... 16    Hazardous Materials Removal Workers ........ 23                         Operating Engineers ..................................... 27
Carpenters ..................................................... 17     Heating, Air Conditioning, and                                          Painters and Paperhangers ............................ 27
Civil Engineers .............................................. 18         Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers ...... 23                      Plumbers, Pipefitters, Steamfitters ................ 28
Construction and Building Inspectors ........... 19                     Highway Maintenance Workers ..................... 23                    Roofers .......................................................... 30
Construction Laborers .................................. 19             Insulation Workers ........................................ 24          Surveying and Mapping Technicians ............. 31
Drafters ......................................................... 20   Masons, Brick and Block ............................... 25              Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer ..... 32
Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers ................ 20                 Masons, Cement and Concrete Finishers ...... 25                         Truck Drivers, Light ..................................... 32
Electricians .................................................... 21


                                                                                     Career Paths ❖ Page 34
Environmental, Natural Resources and Agriculture: These workers improve the indoor and outdoor
environment, reduce waste and byproducts, manage forests and land, produce food from the land and sea,
and nurture animals. Look for career cluster code 4.
Occupational Title ................................ Page                Occupational Title ................................ Page               Occupational Title ................................ Page
Environmental Scientists and Specialists ....... 22                     Nonfarm Animal Caretakers ......................... 26                 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal
Hazardous Waste Removal Workers ............. 23                        Veterinarians ................................................. 32       Caretakers .................................................. 32
Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers .. 24                                                                                                   Veterinary Technologists and Technicians .... 33




Government, Education and Human Services: This cluster is dedicated to providing public services in order to
better people’s lives. Education is a subcluster of this area, covering pre-school through 12th grade/high school. It
takes a variety of jobs and an assortment of educators and unique individuals to manage a school or a school
system. Almost all of the jobs require certification, licenses or advanced degrees. This cluster features all types of
teachers (including early childhood, science, technology, world languages, math and vocational education) as well as
school principals, school counselors, library media specialists, school nurses, and superintendents, to name a few.
Look for career cluster code 5.
Occupational Title ................................ Page                Occupational Title ................................ Page               Occupational Title ................................ Page
Bus Drivers ................................................... 17      Emergency Management Specialists .............. 21                     Security Guards ............................................. 30
Child-Care Workers ....................................... 18           Fire Fighters .................................................. 22    Social and Human Service Assistants ............ 30
Correctional Officers and Jailers ................... 19                Lawyers ......................................................... 24   Social Workers .............................................. 30
Dispatchers, Police, Fire and Ambulance ...... 20                       Librarians ...................................................... 24   Teacher Assistants ......................................... 31
Education Administrators, Elementary and                                Library Technicians ....................................... 25         Teachers, Elementary School ........................ 31
  Secondary Schools ..................................... 20            Paralegals & Legal Assistants ........................ 27              Teachers, High School .................................. 31
Education Administrators, Postsecondary                                 Personal and Home Care Aides ..................... 27                  Teachers and Instructors, Adult Literacy,
  Schools ...................................................... 20     Police and Sheriff’s Patrol Officers ............... 28                  Remedial Education, and GED ................. 31
Education Administrators, Preschool and                                 Probation Officers and Correctional                                    Teachers, Middle School ............................... 31
  Kindergarten ............................................. 20            Treatment Specialists ................................. 28          Teachers, Special Education .......................... 32
Educational, Vocational, and School                                     Psychologists, Clinical, Counseling and                                Urban and Regional Planners ........................ 32
  Counselors ................................................ 21           School ....................................................... 29




Health and Biosciences: The Health and Biosciences cluster embraces careers in a wide range of health-
care settings, such as hospitals, medical laboratories, and medical and dental practices. It also includes
industries in researching and manufacturing drugs and other medical products. Look for career cluster code 6.

Occupational Title ................................ Page                Occupational Title ................................ Page               Occupational Title ................................ Page
Anesthesiologists ........................................... 16        Medical and Clinical Laboratory                                        Physical Therapists ........................................ 28
Audiologists .................................................. 16        Technicians ............................................... 26       Physician Assistants ....................................... 28
Biochemists and Biophysicists ....................... 17                Medical and Clinical Laboratory                                        Physicians, Family and General ..................... 28
Dental Assistants ........................................... 19          Technologists ............................................ 26        Psychiatrists ................................................... 28
Dental Hygienists .......................................... 19         Medical Assistants ......................................... 26        Radiation Therapists ...................................... 29
Dental Laboratory Technicians ..................... 20                  Medical Records and Health Information                                 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians .... 29
Dentists ......................................................... 20     Technicians ............................................... 26       Recreational Therapists ................................. 29
Dietitians and Nutritionists ........................... 20             Nursing Aides, Orderlies, and Attendants ..... 27                      Registered Nurses ......................................... 29
Embalmers .................................................... 21       Obstetricians and Gynecologists ................... 27                 Respiratory Therapists ................................... 29
Emergency Medical Technicians &                                         Occuptional Therapists ................................. 27            Speech-Language Pathologists ...................... 30
  Paramedics ................................................ 21        Pharmacists ................................................... 27     Surgeons ........................................................ 31
Home Health Aides ....................................... 23            Pharmacy Technicians ................................... 27            Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists ................. 33
Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurses ........... 25                     Physical Therapy Assistants ........................... 28




                                                                                    Career Paths ❖ Page 35
Retail, Tourism, Recreation and Entrepreneurship: The Connecticut economy offers many jobs in retail
stores, restaurants, hotels and motels, tourist attractions and recreational facilities. These businesses are where many
young people get their first jobs — often earning the minimum wage. The opportunity to earn better salaries with
benefits usually requires getting into management and operations positions. Look for career cluster code 7.
Occupational Title ................................ Page                Occupational Title ................................ Page              Occupational Title ................................ Page
Cashiers ......................................................... 17   Gaming Supervisors ...................................... 22          Shipping, Receiving and Traffic Clerks ......... 30
Coaches and Scouts ....................................... 18           Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and                                       Stock Clerks and Order Fillers ...................... 31
Cooks ............................................................ 19     Cosmetologists .......................................... 23        Travel Agents ................................................ 32
Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors ..... 22                      Interior Designers ......................................... 24       Truck Drivers, Heavy and Tractor-Trailer ..... 32
Food Preparation Workers ............................ 22                Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers .............. 24                    Truck Drivers, Light ..................................... 32
Food Service Managers ................................. 22              Recreation Workers ....................................... 29         Waiters and Waitresses .................................. 32
Gaming Dealers ............................................ 22          Retail Salespersons ........................................ 29




Technologies: Manufacturing, Communications and Repair: This cluster includes technical jobs in
manufacturing, the electric utilities, and the telephone and cable companies. This cluster also includes jobs in
companies that repair automobiles, airplanes, computers and other technical products, as well as companies that
develop computer software. Look for career cluster code 8.
Occupational Title ................................ Page                Occupational Title ................................ Page              Occupational Title ................................ Page
Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians . 16                         Electrical and Electronics Engineers ............. 21                 Packers and Packagers, Hand ........................ 27
Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers .............. 16                  Electro-Mechanical Technicians .................... 21                Printing Machine Operators .......................... 28
Automotive Body and Related Repairers ...... 16                         Grinding. Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing                             Sales Representatives, Wholesale and
Automotive Service Technicians and                                        Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and                                  Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific
  Mechanics ................................................. 16          Tenders ..................................................... 23      Products .................................................... 30
Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel                                      Industrial Engineering Technicians ............... 23                 Sheet Metal Workers ..................................... 30
  Engine Specialists ...................................... 17          Industrial Engineers ...................................... 23        Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators ... 31
Cabinetmakers/Bench Carpenters ................. 17                     Industrial Machinery Mechanics .................... 23                Supervisors/Managers of Production and
Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders17                              Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators ........ 24                      Operating Workers .................................... 31
Chemical Technicians .................................... 17            Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and                           Team Assemblers .......................................... 32
Chemists ........................................................ 17      Weighers ................................................... 24     Telecommunications Equipment Installers
Computer Hardware Engineers ..................... 18                    Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters,                                 and Repairers ............................................. 32
Computer, Automated Teller, and Office                                    Operators, and Tenders ............................. 24             Telecommunications Line Installers and
  Machine Repairers ..................................... 19            Machinists ..................................................... 25     Repairers ................................................... 32
Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators,                             Maintenance and Repair Workers,                                       Tool and Die Makers .................................... 32
  Metal and Plastic ....................................... 19            General ...................................................... 25   Water and Liquid Waste Treatment Plant
Drafters ......................................................... 20   Mechanical Engineers .................................... 25            and System Operators ............................... 33
Electrical and Electronic Engineering                                   Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators,                             Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers ....... 33
  Technicians ............................................... 21          and Tenders, Metal and Plastic .................. 26
Electrical and Electronic Equipment                                     Numerical Tool and Process Control
  Assemblers ................................................ 21          Programmers ............................................. 26




Information Technology: This cluster includes the creation and management of all the new technolo-
gies that go along with the computer age - from the development of computer hardware and software to
the design of Web sites and sophisticated systems that are bringing it all together. Look for career cluster code 9.

Occupational Title ................................ Page                Occupational Title ................................ Page              Occupational Title ................................ Page
Computer Hardware Engineers ..................... 18                    Computer Support Specialists ....................... 18               Network and Computer Systems
Computer Programmers ................................ 18                Computer Systems Analysts .......................... 18                 Analysts ..................................................... 26
Computer Software Engineers ...................... 18                                                                                         Network Systems and Data Communications
                                                                                                                                                Analysts ..................................................... 26




                                                                                    Career Paths ❖ Page 36
   E ducation and T raining S ites
                                    Private Occupational Schools
001 Stone Academy                         078 New England Tractor Trailer             136 Creative School of Hairdressing
    Hamden (203) 288-7474                     Training School of Connecticut              Manchester (860) 646-5960
003 Boston Bartenders School of America       Somers (860) 749-0711                   140 Gal-Mar Academy of Hairdressing
    Hamden (203) 281-6499                 079 Ridley-Lowell                               North Haven (203) 281-4477
006 Allstate Commercial Driver                New London (860) 443-7441               142 Leon Institute of Hair Design
    Training School                       085 Porter and Chester Institute                Bridgeport, (203) 335-0364
    Shelton (203) 922-8252                    Enfield (860) 741-2561                  146 Renasci Academy of Hair, Inc.
014 Boston Bartenders School of America   086 Porter and Chester Institute                Milford (203) 377-3396
    Wethersfield (860) 296-0141               Wethersfield (860) 529-2519             148 Renasci Academy of Hair, Inc.
015 Branford Hall Career Institute        087 Porter and Chester Institute                Norwalk (203) 838-0753
    Branford (203) 488-2525                   Stratford (203) 375-4463                150 New England School of
017 Butler Business School                088 Porter and Chester Institute                Hairdressing
    Bridgeport (203) 333-3601                 Watertown (860) 274-9294                    Newington (860) 667-2266
023 Connecticut Center for Massage        090 School of Dance Connecticut             154 Brio Academy of Cosmetology
    Therapy                                   Hartford (860) 525-9396                     Meriden (203) 237-6683
    Newington (860) 667-1886              100 Westlawn Institute of Marine            159 Torrington Beauty Academy
026 Connecticut K-9 Education Center          Technology                                  Torrington (860) 482-4386
    Newington (860) 666-4646                  Stamford (203) 359-0500                 163 Willimantic Institute of
027 Connecticut School of Broadcasting    105 Shoreline School of Art and Music           Hairdressing
    Farmington (800) 887-2346                 Branford (203) 481-4830                     Willimantic (860) 423-6339
028 Connecticut School of Broadcasting    108 Connecticut Culinary Institute          166 Albert School, The
    Stratford (203) 378-5155                  Farmington (860) 677-7869                   Niantic (860) 739-2466
029 Connecticut School of Electronics     110 Norwalk Hospital School of              169 Creative School of Hairdressing
    Branford (203) 315-1060                   Respiratory Care                            Enfield (860) 741-5562
032 Educational Training, Inc.                Norwalk (203) 852-2479                  171 American Academy of Real
    Bridgeport (203) 372-8842             111 Bridgeport Hospital School of Nursing       Estate Studies
035 Connecticut Training Centers              Bridgeport (203) 384-3022                   Suffield (860) 668-2086
    East Hartford (860) 291-9898          112 Hartford Hospital School of Allied      178 Appraisal and Real Estate School
038 Baran Institute of Technology             Health                                      of Connecticut
    Windsor (860) 688-3353                    Hartford (860) 545-2611                     Stamford (203) 326-3315
039 Stone Academy                         115 Danbury Hospital School of              183 New Haven Real Estate School
    Waterbury (203) 756-5500                  Medical Records                             North Haven (203) 234-3938
041 Edwardian School of Dog Grooming          Danbury (203) 797-7195                  186 Real Estate School, The
    New Canaan (203) 966-4080             126 Stamford Hospital School of                 South Woodstock (860) 928-6463
044 Worldtek Travel School                    Radiologic Technology                   410 Industrial Management and
    New Haven (203) 772-0470                  Stamford (203) 325-7877                     Training Institute
050 Institute of Aesthetic Arts and       128 Windham Community Memorial                  Waterbury (203) 753-7910
    Sciences                                  Hospital/Program of Radiologic          412 Connecticut School of Nails
    Southbury (203) 262-6070                  Technology                                  Yalesville (203) 284-0761
060 Hartford Conservatory, The                Willimantic (860) 456-6871              414 Home Inspection Institute of
    Hartford (860) 246-2588               129 Yale-New Haven Hospital School of           America, Inc.
062 Fox Institute of Business                 Diagnostic Ultrasonography                  Yalesville (203) 284-2311
    West Hartford (860) 947-2299              New Haven (203) 688-8227                415 Sawyer School, The
066 Institute of Children’s Literature    132 American Academy of Cosmetology             Hamden (203) 239-6200
    West Redding (800) 243-9645               Danbury (203) 744-0900                  417 State Training Center
070 John Casablancas Modeling and         134 Connecticut Institute of Hair Design        Bridgeport (203) 366-1140
    Career Center                             Wolcott (203) 879-4247                  418 Carmen’s Academy of Nails
    Berlin (860) 828-7577                 135 Connecticut Institute of Hair Design        Waterbury (203) 755-1080
077 New England Technical Institute           East Hartford (860) 528-7178
    New Britain (860) 225-8641                                                                          continued...

                                                   Career Paths ❖ Page 37
Private Occupational Schools (continued)
420 Connecticut Center for Massage         487 Connecticut Medical Training        525 Shear Brilliance Institute of Hair
    Therapy                                    Academy                                 Design
    Westport (203) 221-7325                    Windsor Locks (860) 623-9937            West Haven (203) 934-7983
424 Connecticut School of Bartending       488 EMS Institute/Stamford Hospital     526 Appraisal Institute - Connecticut
    Norwich (860) 886-1955                     Stamford (203) 325-7006                 Chapter
425 Med-Care Training                      489 New Haven Sponsor Hospital              Torrington (860) 482-9992
    Brookfield (203) 775-5699                  Paramedic Program                   527 Charters Real Estate Program
426 New Haven Professional School              New Haven (203) 562-3320                Hartford (860) 956-6225
    New Haven (203) 562-4466               490 Branford Hall Career Institute      528 Connecticut Association of Realtors
430 Cook’s Nurse Aide Training Program         Southington (860) 276-0600              East Hartford (860) 290-6601
    Plymouth (860) 283-8208                492 Learning Unlimited                  529 Connecticut Real Estate Academy
439 Sawyer School, The                         Litchfield (860) 567-9104               Middlebury (203) 758-8144
    Hartford (860) 247-4440                493 Hospital of St. Raphael/School of   530 Continuous Progress Education
440 Sawyer School, The                         Nurse Anesthesia                        Center
    New London (860) 439-0065                  New Haven (203) 789-3351                East Hartford (860) 528-5704
447 Educational Training of Wethersfield   494 Yale New Haven Hospital/Dietetic    531 Corporate Education Center
    Wethersfield (860) 571-7666                Internship                              Southbury (860) 836-5400
450 Dental Careers Institute                   New Haven (203) 688-5074            532 Dynamic Directions
    Orange (203) 795-4740                  499 Danbury Hospital/School of              Rockfall (860) 722-3144
452 National Bartenders School                 Radiologic Technology               533 Eastern Connecticut Association
    Norwalk (203) 846-9662                     Danbury (203) 797-7182                  of Realtors
453 Valley Medical Institute               500 Danbury Hospital/School of              Norwich (860) 892-2595
    Trumbull (203) 378-2210                    Surgical Technology                 534 Greater Hartford Association of
455 Josie’s Big Apple Beauty Academy           Danbury (203) 797-7724                  Realtors
    New Haven (203) 562-2544               501 Galen Institute                         West Hartford (860) 561-1800
456 Pawcatuck School of Hair Design            Wethersfield (860) 721-1904         535 Greater New Milford Board of
    Pawcatuck (860) 599-8100               502 Teamwork, LLC                           Realtors
457 Ricci’s Academy                            Salem (860) 887-9990                    New Milford (860) 355-0994
    Newtown (203) 426-1138                 503 Care Training Center, LLC           536 Home Builders Association of
463 Branford Hall Career Institute             New Haven (203) 782-0055                Hartford County
    Windsor (860) 683-4900                 505 Dent-Temp Careers                       Rocky Hill (860) 563-4212
464 D & L Tractor Trailer School               Stratford (203) 895-4860            537 Litchfield County Conservation
    Bridgeport (203) 336-5550              509 MediTrans                               District
465 Valley Medical Institute                   East Windsor (860) 623-5671             Torrington (860) 626-8258
    Waterbury (203) 754-2161               510 New Horizons Computer Learning      539 Mid-State Business & Real Estate
469 Educational Training at New London         Center                                  Training Center
    New London (860) 447-8673                  Windsor (860) 298-7070                  Wallingford (203) 265-5768
471 New England Technical Institute        511 TrainAmerica                        541 Northeast Career Institute
    Center for Culinary Arts                   Bridgeport (203) 576-1620               New Milford (860) 355-2501
    Cromwell (860) 613-3350                512 American Red Cross Vocational       542 North Fairfield County Association
473 New England Technical Institute            School/University of Bridgeport         of Realtors
    Hamden (203) 287-7300                      Bridgeport (203) 787-6721               Bethel (203) 744-7255
474 Clinton Academy of Hairdressing        514 American Red Cross Vocational       544 Real Estate School of Fairfield County
    Clinton (860) 669-8199                     School/South Central                    Fairfield (203) 255-6101
475 Fifth Avenue Academy                       New Haven (203) 787-6721            545 Real Estate School of New England
    North Haven (203) 234-7540             515 Atlantic Bartender School               Bridgeport (203) 279-4287
477 Nirvana Salon Academy                      Waterbury (203) 754-6000            546 Real Estate Training Education
    Wethersfield (860) 529-2600            521 DiLeo Universal School of               Services
478 Vision Academy of Hairdressing             Cosmetology & Barbering                 Bridgeport (203) 374-2150
    West Hartford (860) 953-6333               Waterbury (203) 573-9090            547 Real Estate Training Seminars
480 Andover Real Estate Institute          522 First Impression Academy of             Middletown (860) 675-7439
    Ridgefield (203) 431-6370                  Advanced Cosmetology                550 Superior Real Estate Training
482 Midd-Shore Real Estate School              Hartford (860) 560-8839                 Monroe (203) 452-0592
    Old Saybrook (860) 395-0588            524 Shaw’s Hairdressing &
483 National Real Estate Institute             Cosmetology School
    Middletown (860) 344-8207                  West Haven (203) 288-8297                               continued...

                                                   Career Paths ❖ Page 38
Private Occupational Schools (continued)
551 Supreme Real Estate School             565 Alpha B Nursing Services, LLC        589 Galen Institute
    Old Saybrook (860) 388-6446                Bridgeport (203) 396-0878                Stamford (203) 325-4337
552 Westport Real Estate Institute         567 Institute of Environmental           590 Center for Learning
    Westport (203) 341-1209                    Management & Technology                  Rocky Hill (860) 529-9899
554 CFA Floral Design School                   Shelton (203) 924-9544               592 CompUSA Training Center
    Cromwell (800) 352-6946                571 Ambassador Real Estate School            Manchester (860) 648-5110
556 Connecticut Culinary Institute             Branford (203) 668-8094              593 CompUSA Training Center
    Suffield (860) 668-3500                572 Connecticut Professional                 Norwalk (203) 855-7051
557 Corporate Training Center                  Business School, LLC                 594 CompUSA Training Center
    Enfield (888) 870-0007                     Waterbury (203) 982-6641                 Orange (203) 799-4810
558 Connecticut Computer Service, Inc.     573 Professional Real Estate Educators   595 Computer Education Services Corp.
    Plantsville (860) 276-1285                 Stamford (203) 327-5353                  Bloomfield (860) 243-1000
559 Connecticut Computer Service, Inc.     574 Real Estate Development Center       596 CTE, Inc. Adult Education and
    Milford (888) 806-7005                     Southington (800) 378-1479               Training
560 Allied Healthcare Advancement          575 Real Estate School of New England        Stamford (203) 352-4860
    Training                                   Branford (203) 481-7247              599 CT Center for Universal Reflexology
    Newington (860) 953-1189               576 Real Estate School of New England        Wolcott (203) 879-2360
561 Connecticut Computer Service, Inc.         Wethersfield (203) 279-4287          600 CT School of Dog Grooming
    East Hartford (860) 255-0554           577 Star Real Estate Academy                 North Haven (203) 234-1116
562 Connecticut School of Integrative          Southington (203) 596-2270           601 Danae’s Training Center
    Manual Therapy                         582 Hospital of St. Raphael Nursing          Bridgeport (203) 335-4426
    Bloomfield (860) 243-5220                  Staff Development                    602 Micropower Computer Institute
563 Millennium Institute of Computers          New Haven (203) 789-4112                 West Haven (203) 479-4565
    New Haven (203) 776-0788               586 Real Estate Career Institute, Inc.   603 New Horizon Computer Learning
564 Danbury Hospital/School of                 Plainville (860) 747-6922                Center
    Medical Technology                     588 American Red Cross Vocational            New Haven (203) 387-0676
    Danbury (203) 797-7804                     School/Waterbury                     604 Today’s Tec
                                               Waterbury (203) 787-6721                 Wallingford (866) 403-0082



                             Community Based Organizations
                     580   City of Milford Employment & Training    Milford         (203) 783-3243
                     581   YWCA of New Britain                      New Britain     (860) 225-4681
                     583   Sage Services, Inc.                      New Haven       (203) 777-7401
                     584   Opportunities Industrialization Center   New London      (860) 447-1731
                     585   Community Action Agency (CTE)            Stamford        (203) 327-3260
                     923   New Haven Adult Education (NHAE)         New Haven       (203) 346-5884
                     929   Norwich Adult Education                  Norwich         (860) 823-4299
                     939   Wallingford Adult Education (WAE)        Wallingford     (203) 269-3670
                     940   Waterbury Adult Education                Waterbury       (203) 574-8038
                     947   Reg. Dist. #5 Adult Education            Orange          (203) 392-3215
                     949   CREC                                     Hartford        (860) 524-4043
                     950   Education Connection                     Litchfield      (860) 567-0863
                     951   EASTCONN                                 Danielson       (860) 779-3770




                                         State Service Academies
                      200 Connecticut Police Academy                Meriden         (203) 238-6504
                      201 Connecticut Fire Academy                  Windsor Locks   (860) 627-6363
                      202 Connecticut State Police Academy          Storrs          (860) 487-2800

                                                   Career Paths ❖ Page 39
                                                  Community Colleges
221   Asnuntuck                   Enfield         (860) 253-3000     227   Three Rivers               Norwich         (860) 886-0177
222   Capital                     Hartford        (860) 906-5000     228   Northwestern Connecticut   Winsted         (860) 738-6300
223   Housatonic                  Bridgeport      (203) 332-5000     229   Norwalk                    Norwalk         (203) 857-7080
224   Manchester                  Manchester      (860) 512-3000     230   Quinebaug Valley           Danielson       (860) 774-1130
225   Naugatuck Valley            Waterbury       (203) 575-8040     231   Gateway                    New Haven       (203) 285-2000
226   Middlesex                   Middletown      (860) 343-5800     232   Tunxis                     Farmington      (860) 677-7701




                            Regional Vocational-Technical Schools
260 A.I. Prince                   Hartford        (860) 951-7112     270   Howell Cheney              Manchester      (860) 649-5396
261 Bullard-Havens                Bridgeport      (203) 579-6333     271   J.M. Wright                Stamford        (203) 324-7363
262 Howell Cheney Satellite       Enfield         (860) 253-3100     272   Norwich                    Norwich         (860) 889-8453
263 E.C. Goodwin                  New Britain     (860) 827-7736     273   Oliver Wolcott             Torrington      (860) 496-5300
264 Eli Whitney                   Hamden          (203) 397-4031     274   Platt                      Milford         (203) 783-5300
265 Emmett O’Brien                Ansonia         (203) 732-1800     275   Grasso/Southeastern        Groton          (860) 448-0220
266 Bristol Technical             Bristol         (860) 584-8433     276   Vinal                      Middletown      (860) 344-7100
    Education Center                                                 278   W.F. Kaynor                Waterbury       (203) 596-4302
267 H.C. Wilcox                   Meriden         (203) 238-6260     280   Windham                    Willimantic     (860) 456-3879
268 H.H. Ellis                    Danielson       (860) 774-8511     281   School for Aviation        Stratford       (203) 381-9250
269 Henry Abbott                  Danbury         (203) 797-4460           Maintenance Technicians


                                         Colleges and Universities
068   Gibbs College               Norwalk         (203) 838-4173     335 Western Connecticut          Danbury         (203) 837-8200
124   St. Vincent’s College       Bridgeport      (203) 576-5235         State University
301   Albertus Magnus College     New Haven       (203) 773-8550     337 Yale University              New Haven       (203) 432-4771
303   Briarwood College           Southington     (860) 628-4751     338 Charter Oak State College    New Britain     (860) 832-3800
305   Central Connecticut         New Britain     (860) 832-3200     339 U.S. Coast Guard Academy     New London      (860) 444-8444
      State University                                               340 University of Connecticut    Farmington      (860) 679-2000
306   Connecticut College         New London      (860) 447-1911         Health Center
307   Eastern Connecticut         Willimantic     (860) 465-5000     341 University of Connecticut    Groton          (860) 405-9019
      State University                                                   Avery Point
308   Fairfield University        Fairfield       (203) 254-4000     342 University of Connecticut    Stamford        (203) 251-8400
310   Rensselaer at Hartford      Hartford        (860) 548-2400         Stamford
315   Mitchell College            New London      (860) 701-5000     343 University of Connecticut    West Hartford   (860) 570-9209
319   Paier College of Art        Hamden          (203) 287-3031         Tri-Campus
320   Teikyo Post University      Waterbury       (203) 596-4500     344 University of Connecticut    Torrington      (860) 626-6800
321   Quinnipiac University       Hamden          (203) 582-8200         Tri-Campus
322   Sacred Heart University     Fairfield       (203) 371-7999     345 International College of     Suffield        (860) 668-3515
323   Southern Connecticut        New Haven       (203) 392-5200         Hospitality Management
      State University                                               346 Lyme Academy College         Old Lyme        (860) 434-5232
326   St. Joseph College          West Hartford   (860) 232-4571         of Fine Arts
327   Trinity College             Hartford        (860) 297-2000     347 Goodwin College              East Hartford   (860) 528-4111
330   University of Bridgeport    Bridgeport      (203) 576-4000     348 University of Connecticut    Waterbury       (203) 805-6580
331   University of Connecticut   Storrs          (860) 486-2000         Tri-Campus
332   University of Hartford      West Hartford   (860) 768-4100     350 Graduate Institute           Milford         (203) 874-4252
333   University of New Haven     West Haven      (203) 932-7000
334   Wesleyan University         Middletown      (860) 685-2000


                                                         Career Paths ❖ Page 40
                          The Anatomy of a Résumé
A résumé is a “calling card” to raise an employer’s interest in your skills and experience to secure an
interview. Since this will often be the first impression you make, it is important to have a professional
résumé that displays your abilities in the best light. There are several basic kinds of résumés: chronologi-
cal, functional, and headline. An example of the headline résumé is shown in the box, below.
Whichever style of résumé you feel fits your needs, a résumé should have clear, easily distinguished sections. Many
people find writing a résumé a daunting task. If you find yourself avoiding it, concentrate on one section at a time.
➣ Keep your next job target in mind. The most
  effective résumés are clearly focused on a spe-                                             Seema Agate
                                                             • 55 Tracey Drive, Enfield, CT 06082 • (860) 555-5555 • sagate@unknown.com •
  cific job title and address the employer’s stated
  requirements for the position. If you are looking
                                                                                    SCHOOL-TO-CAREER DIRECTOR
  for different types of jobs, create separate résumés.            •    Visionary counselor with 20 years of experience working with children.
                                                                   •    Organized and presented career planning assemblies for over 250 students and
                                                                        parents.
➣ Use 8.5 by 11 inch paper, light or white and 70 lb               •    Pioneered and strengthened programs with dramatic results in high school drop-
                                                                        out rates.
  or greater weight (weight refers to the thickness                •    Supervised and motivated a staff of seven to be solution-oriented.

  of paper). Use the same paper for your cover
  letter and list of references.                          Work Experience
                                                          1990 – present  Director of Guidance Counseling
➣ Use easy to read fonts such as Arial, Helvetica,                        Blue Leaf High School, Enfield, CT
                                                                          Responsible for large student programs, budgeting, and overseeing
                                                                          a staff of seven while providing individual guidance counseling for
  Times New Roman, or Garamond. The font size                             students.
                                                                          •    Decreased the drop-out rate by 10% through new programs
  should be between nine and twelve points.                                    coordinating students, counselors, parents, and teachers.
                                                                          •    Oversaw informational assemblies for up to 700 persons at a
➣ Have space between paragraphs, and don’t cram                           •
                                                                               time, including creating materials and coordinating speakers.
                                                                               Enabled students through education and peer groups to
  too much information onto one page. Margins                                  address physical and mental health concerns.

  should be at least one inch.                            1985 – 1990        Guidance Counselor
                                                                             Eagle High School, Tolland, CT
                                                                             Developed expertise in guiding students with education, career, and
➣ Spelling, grammar, and typing errors are unac-                             life choices.
                                                                             •     Mentored in “Proud Eagles” program to increase school pride
  ceptable. Proofread your résumé twice, then set                            •
                                                                                   and students’ self-confidence.
                                                                                   Organized student events including fund-raisers, class trips,
  it aside for a few hours before proofreading it                                  and guest speakers.

  again. Always proofread it before mailing.              1981 – 1983        Administrative Assistant
                                                                             Green Hill High School, Oakdale, CT

➣ Have someone else review your résumé, preferably        1981 – 1981        Camp Counselor
                                                                             Helping Hand, Red Rock, TN
  a career counselor or a hiring authority in your                           Planned activities and raised funds for a summer camp for
                                                                             underprivileged children.
  field of interest.                                                         •   Raised $2,500 to help fund this summer program for children
                                                                                 aged 5 –10 years.
                                                                             •   Learned facets of multi-cultural backgrounds.
➣ Each copy should be produced from a laser printer -
                                                          Education          M.A. School Counseling, Central Connecticut State University, New
  mass photocopying should be avoided. Paper should                          Britain, CT, 1985
                                                                             B.A. Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 1983
  be single-sided (print on one side of the paper only).
  Never make handwritten corrections on a résumé or attach notes.
➣ Mail it in a large, flat manila envelope, without stapling or folding your résumé. Include a cover letter that
  details the position you are applying for and displays your knowledge of the company.
➣ Update your résumé every six months. If you find yourself suddenly looking for work or competing for a
  promotion, you will save yourself time and stress by not having to create an entirely new résumé at the last minute.


         More on résumés, interviewing, and other job search techniques are provided in
                  Your Job Search Guide and Writing Your Résumé for Success.
         They are available by calling 860-263-6275 or visiting www.ctdol.state.ct.us/lmi.

                                                Career Paths ❖ Page 41
Surf the Net                                             The Internet is rapidly becoming an essential tool for
                                                         career exploration and job hunting. The number of
                                                         career and job sites has virtually exploded and continues
to increase every day. World Wide Web sites offer career counseling, résumé writing services, skill assessment,
job listings, company information and applicant-referral services. Don’t have a computer? Visit your local
library or Connecticut Department of Labor office (see page 45) for public computers with Internet access.
                                                Career Exploration
America’s Career InfoNet                     Connecticut State Department of               Nursing Career Center of
www.acinet.org                               Education                                     Connecticut
Wages, employment trends, and career         www.state.ct.us/sde                           www.nursingcareercenterct.com
exploration including career videos.         Information on vocational technical           Describes the career of nursing along
                                             schools, obtaining a GED, search for          with nursing schools.
California Job Star - Guides for             Connecticut schools, and more.
Specific Careers                                                                           Occupational Outlook Handbook
www.Jobstar.org/tools/career                 Connecticut’s Youth Employment                www.bls.gov/oco/
Links to career-specific sites with          Site                                          Lists descriptions, employment outlook,
career descriptions, training needed,        www.ctdol.state.ct.us/youth/main.htm          training requirements and professional
job outlook and more.                        Employment and training information           associations for thousands of jobs.
                                             to transition from school to work.
CareerZone                                                                                 O*NET Online
www.nycareerzone.org                         Employment & Training                         online.onetcenter.org
Job descriptions, tasks involved, skills     Administration (ETA)                          Detailed information on occupations,
needed and a lot more!                       www.doleta.gov/jobseekers                     including a search that finds occupations
                                             Career exploration, job hunting               for the skills you already have.
College Board On Line                        resources, and links.
www.collegeboard.com                                                                       Peterson’s Guide
College comparisons, tips on adjusting       Job Hunter’s Bible                            www.petersons.com
from high school, online SAT practice.       www.jobhuntersbible.com                       A guide to education resources.
                                             By the author of “What Color is Your
Connecticut Department of Higher             Parachute” – includes job information,        Quintessential Careers
Education                                    searches, links.                              www.quintcareers.com
www.ctdhe.org                                                                              Information and resources to help you
Information on private occupational          JobMonkey                                     find the college, career or job you want.
schools, colleges, universities, and more.   www.jobmonkey.com
                                             Describes some unusual jobs (resorts,         Riley Guide
Connecticut Distance Learning                casinos, cruise lines, outdoors, teaching     www.rileyguide.com
Consortium                                   abroad) as well as links for job searching.   Loads of resources for assessment,
www.ctdlc.org                                                                              careers, employers and more. Practical
Information on Connecticut schools           My Future                                     advice and extensive links including
that offer courses on-line.                  www.myfuture.com                              links to occupation-specific Web sites.
                                             Geared toward high school students.
Connecticut Job & Career                     Information on financial aid, scholarships,   The University of North Carolina
ConneCTion                                   careers and managing money.                   www.uncwil.edu/stuaff/career/majors
www.ctjobandcareer.org                                                                     Answers the question, “What can I do
Explore your skills, job choices,            National Career Development                   with my college major?”
potential employers, and local services.     Association
                                             www.ncda.org/cjs.htm                          You Belong in Connecticut
Connecticut Mentor                           Information and resources to assist in        www.youbelonginct.com
www.ctmentor.org                             career planning as well as Frequently         Professional associations, jobs,
Online resource to help students and         Asked Questions.                              internships, and colleges in Connecticut.
their families select a college, finance
higher education and even apply for
admission online!
Connecticut Regional Vocational-
Technical Schools
www.cttech.org
Find the schools available in your area
and their programs.                                                                                                      continued...
                                                       Career Paths ❖ Page 42
                                   Job Placement and Development
America’s Job Bank                          JobBank USA                                www.ELECTRICjob.com
www.ajb.org                                 www.Jobbankusa.com
Biggest and busiest job market in                                                      Job bank for the electrical and electric
                                            Industry associations, employment and      power and utilties industries.
cyberspace. Job seekers can post their      résumé services.
résumé where thousands of employers
search every day. Use Job Scout to          Job-Hunt.org                               www.gotajob.com
automatically search for job openings       www.job-hunt.org                           A free Internet service designed tomatch
and generate e-mail notifications when      Comprehensive listing of Internet-         teens and adults seeking part-time, full-
new jobs are posted that match your         accessible job-search resources and        time and summer jobs with potential
job search criteria.                        services                                   employers.

Connecticut Department of                   Job Web                                    www.hotjobs.yahoo
Administrative Services                     www.jobweb.com                             Rated as one of the top five job search
www.das.state.ct.us/exam                    Career information and tips for College    Web sites by Media Matrix. Includes
State job and exam announcements.           students and college graduates.            career tools such as resume’ writing and
                                                                                       interview tips.
Connecticut Department of Labor             Military Career Guide Online
www.ctdol.state.ct.us                       www.militarycareers.com                    www.HVACjob.com
Includes information on workshops,          Resource for the military world of work.   Get exposed to hundreds of companies
upcoming job fairs, apprenticeship                                                     in the heating, air conditioning,
programs, and training programs.                                                       refrigeration, sheet metal and energy
Click on Labor Market Information to find   Monster Healthcare                         management controls industries.
occupational wages and employment           www.myh.monster.com
trends in CT. View or download some         Find a job in healthcare.
popular DOL publications.                                                              www.jobhunt.com
                                                                                       Guide to net employment resources
                                            News Voyager                               (including many of the sites listed here).
Connecticut Regional Education              www.realfind.com
Applicant & Placement Program               Includes links to classified ads
(CTREAP)                                    throughout Connecticut and the U.S.        www.jobsonline.com
www.ctreap.net                                                                         Job search section of Monster.com.
Jobs in public education.
                                            Public Service Employees’ Network
                                            www.pse-net.com                            www.monster.com
Employment Guide’s Career Web               Government jobs, interview tips and        Rated as one of the top five job search
and Health Career Web                       questions, and mock interviews.            Web sites by Media Matrix.
www.cweb.com
Recruitment site for health care and                                                   www.PLUMBjob.com
other careers.                              USA Jobs
                                            www.usajobs.opm.gov                        Full service job bank for commercial,
                                            U.S. government’s official site for job    industrial, and residential plumbing
Hartford Courant, The                       and employment information.                and piping industries.
www.ctnow.com
Site’s marketplace section includes                                                    www.wantedjobs.com
national and employer listings, company www.careerbuilder.com                          Searches more than 100 online job sites
profiles, résumé advice, and more.      Includes employment sections of more
                                        than 90 newspapers; rated as one of the        in the US or Canada.
                                        top five job search Web sites by Media
‘Higher Ed Jobs’ Online                 Matrix.                                        www.wetfeet.com
www.higheredjobs.com                                                                   Researches companies and occupations
Jobs in higher education.                                                              and enables you to post your résumé.




                                                     Career Paths ❖ Page 43
                 The Workers’ Compensation Commission
                     Workers’ Rehabilitation Services
Most workers in the State of Connecticut are protected by workers’                        Workers’ Compensation
compensation insurance. In addition to provisions covering the loss                        Commission Offices
of earnings and medical care, the Workers’ Compensation Act
provides for vocational rehabilitation. Workers’ Rehabilitation Services                    Rehabilitation Services
helps injured workers overcome substantial and permanent losses of                           21 Oak Street, 4th Floor
earning power suffered due to a work related injury or occupational                           Hartford, CT 06106
                                                                                                 (860) 493-1500
disease. The main goal of Rehabilitation Services is to help the injured
worker get back to work and regain independence. To be eligible,
                                                                                            First District - Hartford
the injured worker must have an accepted compensation claim or                                 999 Asylum Avenue
compensation claim that was stipulated between the parties, and have                           Hartford, CT 06106
sustained permanent limitations that prevent him/her from returning                              (860) 566-4154
to his/her most recent or regular work.
                                                                                          Second District – Norwich
Services are provided at no cost and are based upon the individual’s                           90 Sachem Street
needs. Services may include: aptitude testing, evaluation, counseling,                        Norwich, CT 06360
job-seeking skills, job development, on-the-job training, or formal                             (860) 823-3900
training. There is no cost to the injured worker, and receiving
                                                                                          Third District – New Haven
services has no effect on the workers’ compensation claim.
                                                                                                700 State Street
                                                                                             New Haven, CT 06511
For further information on Workers’ Rehabilitation Services, please                             (203) 789-7512
contact any of the offices listed to the right. Workers’ Rehabilitation
Services is also available on the Workers’ Compensation Commission’s                      Fourth District – Bridgeport
Internet Web site at http://wcc.state.ct.us.                                                  350 Fairfield Avenue
                                                                                             Bridgeport, CT 06604
                                                                                                 (203) 382-5600

                Have A Question About:                                                     Fifth District – Waterbury
           College? Careers? Job Training?                                                55 West Main Street, Suite 200
                                                                                              Waterbury, CT 06702
             Statewide Information & Referral Services
                                                                                                 (203) 596-4207
           college and university programs        veterans education benefits
           occupational schools                   guidance & counseling services
           adult & continuing education           alternate route to teacher              Sixth District – New Britain
           high school equivalency programs       certification program                          233 Main Street
           competency testing                     apprenticeship training
           credit for experiential learning       dislocated worker programs                 New Britain, CT 06051
           basic skills improvement programs      displaced homemaker programs
           student financial assistance           local training programs
                                                                                                 (860) 827-7180

                                                                                          Seventh District – Stamford
                           Education
                          & Employment
                       Information Center
                                                                                              111 High Ridge Road
                                                                                              Stamford, CT 06905
                                                                                                 (203) 325-3881
             Call TOLL FREE Monday-Friday, 9:00 a.m.-4:00 p.m.
             1-800-842-0229 / In Hartford 947-1810 www.ctdhe.org                          Eighth District- Middletown
           You can also write or visit the EEIC at the Connecticut Department of                 90 Court Street
            Higher Education, 61 Woodland Street, Hartford, CT 06105-2326.
                                                                                             Middletown, CT 06457
                                                                                                 (860) 344-7453

                                                                 Career Paths ❖ Page 44
                                                                                www.ctdol.state.ct.us

Our Business is Jobs!                The Department of Labor (DOL) is committed to assisting Connecticut’s
                                     workers and employers to be competitive in the global economy. If you’re in
                                     the process of a job search or a career change, many of our programs and
                                     services are provided through the 14 One-Stop employment and training centers
                                     located across the state.

No-cost services include:            ➣   Résumé Assistance                      ➣   Career Counseling
                                     ➣   Internet Access                        ➣   Computer, Copier, Fax
                                     ➣   Hundreds of Job Listings               ➣   Connecticut Job Bank
                                     ➣   Apprenticeship Programs                ➣   Specialized Workshops
                                     ➣   Job Search Assistance                  ➣   Unemployment Insurance
                                                                                    Benefits
www.ctdol.state.ct.us                Our Web site is packed with information ranging from job listings and skills
                                     training to wage and workplace guidelines. To find out more about our many
                                     services, visit us on the Internet at: www.ctdol.state.ct.us.


Connecticut Job Bank                 If you’re looking for that dream job, the Connecticut Job Bank (CJB) can help
                                     you achieve your goal. Provided at no cost to users, CJB allows job seekers to
                                     post résumés and search current job openings. Enjoy the convenience of Job
                                     Scout, an option that performs automatic searches with your criteria and emails
                                     the results to you.
                                     CJB automatically links to America’s Job Bank, the world’s largest on-line
                                     recruitment center. In Connecticut alone, there are over 16,000 registered job
                                     openings and more than 10,000 active résumés, all of which can be accessed 24
                                     hours a day on DOL’s Web site.

              Explore our Web site at www.ctdol.state.ct.us, call toll-free at 1-877-US-2JOBS
               (1-877-872-5627), or visit your local Department of Labor office listed below:

 Bridgeport    2 Lafayette Square          (203) 445-2700         New Britain       260 Lafayette Street     (860) 827-4460
 Danbury       152 West Street             (203) 731-2929         New London        Shaw’s Cove Six          (860) 447-6211
 Danielson     95 Westcott Road            (860) 779-5850         Norwich           113 Salem Turnpike       (860) 859-5600
 Enfield       620 Enfield Street          (860) 741-4295                           North Bldg., Suite 200
 Hamden        37 Marne Street             (203) 789-7741         Torrington        Torrington Parkade       (860) 626-6220
                                                                                    486 Winsted Road
 Hartford      3580 Main Street            (860) 256-3700
                                                                  Waterbury         249 Thomaston Ave.       (203) 596-4454
 Meriden       85 West Main Street         (203) 238-6148
                                                                  Willimantic       Tyler Square             (860) 465-2120
 Middletown    645 S. Main Street          (860) 344-2661                           1320 Main Street

                                                  Career Paths ❖ Page 45
       Employment Help for Persons with Disabilities
If you have a physical or mental condi-         VR services accommodate the unique         VR counselors may also set up work
tion which affects your ability to get or       employment related needs of each in-       experiences to allow you to find out
keep a job, you may be able to find help        dividual. Services may include—but         what a particular job is really like.
through the Bureau of Rehabilitation            are not limited to—vocational coun-        Or you may participate in an on-the-
Services (BRS). Part of the Department          seling and guidance, skill training,       job training program, which allows
of Social Services, BRS administers a pro-      benefits analysis, job search assis-       you to learn a job while receiving
gram called Vocational Rehabilitation           tance, assistive technology services,      wages.
(VR), which is designed to help people          modifications to your vehicle or
                                                                                           The new Connect to Work Center
with disabilities be part of the competi-       home, and services to assist in restor-
                                                                                           provides individualized benefits
tive labor force. BRS serves people with        ing a physical or mental condition.
                                                                                           planning and counseling for people
all disabilities except legal blindness (per-
                                                VR counselors at BRS are trained to help   with disabilities who receive public
sons who are legally blind receive VR
                                                persons with disabilities to make the      benefits. The Center’s five benefits
services through the Board of Education
                                                most of their abilities and to plan for    specialists, located statewide, help
and Services for the Blind).
                                                their employment futures. Of the more      you understand how work will af-
To be eligible for the VR program, you          than 10,000 persons who receive ser-       fect your benefits by providing:
must have a physical or mental condi-           vices each year, approximately 1,700       ➣ specific information on the im-
tion which constitutes a substantial bar-       find or maintain employment.                 pact that working has on the ben-
rier to work. You also must need VR                                                          efits received by you and your
                                                When you apply for VR services, your
services in order to prepare for, find,                                                      family,
                                                counselor will work with you to evalu-
perform or keep a job.                                                                     ➣ problem solving assistance, and
                                                ate your present situation. If you are
                                                eligible, your counselor will:             ➣ follow-up services after you r e -
                                                                                             turn to work.
        BRS District Offices                    ➣ assist you in planning for future
               Bridgeport                          employment;                             To reach the Connect to Work
           1057 Broad Street                    ➣ help you obtain the services you         Center, call 1-800-773-4636 (voice);
      203-551-5500 (V/TDD/TTY)                    need in order to reach your goal;        1-860-424-4839 (TDD/TTY).
          Fax: 203-579-6903                     ➣ assist you in your job search;
                                                                                           More and more, VR counselors are
                Hartford                          and
                                                                                           being called upon to suggest ways
           3580 Main Street                     ➣ help you keep your job by work-
                                                                                           to change a job or a job setting so
      860-723-1400 (V/TDD/TTY)                    ing with you and, if appropriate,
                                                                                           that a person with a disability can
          Fax: 860-566-4766                       your employer.
                                                                                           carry out the job successfully. This
              New Haven                         VR counselors have the expertise           may involve modifying the physical
      414 Chapel Street, Suite 301              to help their clients plan and pre-        work setting (so a worker can move
           203-974-3000 (V)                     pare for their job goals. All BRS          around in a wheelchair, for example),
       203-974-3013 (TDD/TTY)
                                                offices are linked via computer to a       letting a person have a flexible sched-
          Fax: 203-789-7850
                                                career information delivery system,        ule (for example, to go for kidney
                Norwich                         which enables you and your coun-           dialysis) or providing a piece of
         113 Salem Turnpike                     selor to explore career possibilities      equipment (such as a scanner that
       North Building, Suite 200
           860-859-5720 (V)
                                                together. Using this service, you can      reads text to the employee who has
       860-859-5732 (TDD/TTY)                   learn about the nature of different        a visual impairment).
          Fax: 860-859-5733                     jobs, the skills and abilities you need
                                                                                           After you find a job, BRS remains
                                                to pursue specific careers, and
               Waterbury                                                                   available to provide additional VR
                                                where to get the necessary training.
        249 Thomaston Avenue                                                               services if you need help to main-
      203-578-4550 (V/TDD/TTY)                  You can also obtain information on
                                                                                           tain your employment.
          Fax: 203-578-4590                     other resources to help you prepare
                                                for and seek employment.
    For information on offices, call:
           1-800-537-2549 (V)
      (860) 424-4839 (TDD/TTY)
     Web site: www.brs.state.ct.us

                                                        Career Paths ❖ Page 46
      Board of Education and
       Services for the Blind
Board of Education and Services for the Blind
(BESB) provides statewide comprehensive,                                   Regional Vocational
community-based programs through a continuum
of individualized educational, rehabilitation and                           Technical Schools
social services programs to adults who are legally
blind and to children who are legally blind or                 There are 18 Connecticut regional vocational-techni-
visually impaired.                                             cal schools and two satellites that serve high school
                                                               and adult students. Over 30 programs are offered,
The agency works with individuals and families to              including autobody repair, bioscience environmental
assist them in acquiring the life skills and support           technology, carpentry, certified nurse assistant, culi-
services necessary to function with independence               nary arts, dental assistants, electronics, fashion
in the home and community, as well as in the                   technology, plumbing and heating, surgical techni-
social and vocational environments. Services                   cian, and welding. Adult students are provided
include referral to counseling resources: Low                  full-time post-high school programs, apprenticeship
Vision Specialists and Assistive Technology                    training and part-time programs for retraining and
Specialists, vocational rehabilitation counseling,             updating skills. High school students can enjoy:
orientation and mobility instruction, low vision
                                                               ➣ Free tuition for grades 9-12 and transportation
services and public education.
                                                                 provided by their town;
To request services or information, contact the                ➣ Graduating with a high school diploma while
agency at 184 Windsor Avenue, Windsor, CT                        gaining experience and instruction in a trade;
06095; call 1-800-842-4510, (860) 602-4000,                    ➣ Earning college credit in high school through
                                                                 the Tech Prep program;
Voice/TDD (860) 602-4002; or visit                             ➣ Sports including basketball, soccer, volleyball,
www.besb.state.ct.us/                                            baseball, and softball;
                                                               ➣ Club activities including yearbook, newspaper,
       Commission on the Deaf                                    student council, dance committee; and
        and Hearing Impaired                                   ➣ Vocational Industrial Clubs of America, and
                                                                 National Honor Society.
The Commission on the Deaf and Hearing Impaired
provides counseling and assistance to deaf and hard of
hearing persons regarding many types of job related            Vocational Technical students can also go on to
concerns such as locating and developing job                   college - about 30 percent of graduates choose to
opportunities, referral to available services such as sign     further their education. If you are seriously thinking
language interpreters, job coaches, and vocational             about trying to find a job as soon as you leave
assistance.                                                    high school, and prefer project-based learning over
                                                               book-based learning, a voc-tech program may be
Assistance is also available to employers for questions
                                                               right for you. For more information, consult a
and concerns regarding reasonable accommodations,
                                                               counselor, visit www.cttech.org, or call 1-800-U-
sensitivity and awareness training and resolving
                                                               Can-Tech (1-800-822-6832).
employment issues related to deafness.

To request services or information, contact the
agency at 1245 Farmington Avenue, West Hartford,
CT 06107; call 1-800-708-6796 TTY/VOICE or
(860) 566-7414 TTY/VOICE; or visit
www.state.ct.us/cdhi/
                                                  Career Paths ❖ Page 47
           Go to College or Work Full-Time,
               Train with us Part-Time!
YOU CAN earn as much as $40,000        It’s Not Just the College Money          Don’t Wait
for college by serving part-time in
the Connecticut Army National          Being part of the military gives you     You work for us part-time, one
Guard. Eliminate, or substantially     many benefits other than free college.   weekend per month, and go to
reduce, your need for student loans    The leadership skills you acquire and    college/work full-time. Openings
by becoming a member.                  the self-confidence gained are           for the most exciting jobs get filled
                                       priceless. You will select a specific    quickly, so contact us right away.
The Benefits                           job to receive training in, providing    With twenty locations across the
                                       greater knowledge for future             state, we have a location near your
➣ Join the Connecticut Army            employment. Without a doubt the          hometown.
  National Guard now and start         experience alone makes it worth
  college soon after you graduate.     joining. And, if you do plan college:    To learn more, visit our Web site at
                                       We pay 100% of your tuition at           www.1800GOGUARD.com
➣ Good pay for important part-         UCONN, Central, Southern,                or call us at 1-800-GO-GUARD
  time work (one weekend a             Eastern, Western and all state           (1-800-464-8273).
  month and two weeks a year).         community colleges.

➣ Unmatched leadership and skill
  training.

➣ Tuition Waiver Program to state
  schools. For example, we cur-
  rently pay $17,128 in tuition over
  four years at the University of
  Connecticut

➣ Montgomery G.I. Bill benefits =
  $272 per month for every month
  you attend college full-time. This
  adds up to $9,792 (TAX FREE)
  over four years.

➣ Other options may include a
  special “G.I. Bill Kicker” pro-
  gram and/or Enlistment Cash
  Bonuses.




                  The Connecticut Career Resource Network expresses its appreciation to the
   CCRN               Connecticut Army National Guard for its generous assistance in
                       distributing Connecticut Career Paths throughout the State.
                                                                                                            DOL -163
                                                                                                            New 4/04

                                               Career Paths ❖ Page 48

				
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