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Difference and evidence with Malay Modern language and Malay Classic with arguments both

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Difference and evidence with Malay Modern language and Malay Classic with arguments both Powered By Docstoc
					The difference with the purpose of the Malay language Malay Classic Modern and the
existence of evidence and arguments both.

Classical Malay language meaning the difference in the Modern Malay.

The development of Malay language used now has undergone a revolution that hundreds of
years. Was triggered by classical and modern Malay language in the history of its
development. Both have different purposes. Differences both purposes will be described in
detail.

Classical Languages

Classical Malay language is the Malay language has a distinctive character compared with
the Malay language praklasik still use characters such as India and the Arabs before.

Asmah (1988, 392) interpret the classical age of Malay society as:

.. Age of Malay society which has known activity of writing letters .. / recording in writing
has been responsible for stabilizing the pronunciation and the pronunciation is a gauge
(model) for public speakers in general.

Lutfi and Omar (1979, 109) says that,

"So the Malay language standard from the receipt of the Arabic alphabet as a writing the
Malay language Malay language standard ... so when Islam began to be religious people -
the Malays"

Put simply means that the classical Malay Malay language used in the 14m century until the
end of the century, 18M. At the same time the influence of Arabic and Persia in the classical
Malay words.

Modern Malay Language

Modern Malay language is the language used in the days after the time of classical Malay
language. Things to separate the two - two swing era was a different language than the
classical Malay language. This can be proved when Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir Munsyi
regarded as the beginning of the modern Malay swing.
The conclusion is that modern Malay language Malay language used in the early 20th
century. The word has also been extended to all areas. Nevertheless there is still a foreign
language influences in some of the words in the modern Malay language.

The formulation of the Malay language meaning different classical and modern

Clearly, the time factor is very significant difference in giving meaning to both of these
languages. Factors influence a foreign language is also fundamental differences between the
two - the two languages. In addition to the style of language or the language used sway
between the two languages makes it separating the classical period and modern. This is
supported by researchers who consider it a sign of modernization sebagi Malay.

The evidence and arguments the existence of both.

Evidence of Classical Malay

(A) Inscription

The existence of classical Malay language can be proved when the age of the Sungai
Terengganu Teresat inscriptions, dating from the highway is equivalent to 1303 H 702 M.
This inscription is significant as a measure of the beginning time of Classical Malay. In
addition the following inscription was found on the Database Kempas, Negeri Sembilan,
Pahang, Perak, Kelantan and Kedah. At the same time there are also inscriptions

found in Sumatra, for example, in Jambi, Riau, South Sumatra, Aceh and

etc. (Most Juhari Moain. 1994). Thus all these inscriptions have proved the existence of
classical Malay language.

(B) Manuscripts

At the same time evidence of its existence may also be highlighted in the manuscript - the
old Malay manuscripts of Classical Malay language. Among the most important reference
source that indicates the presence of classical Malay language is the two letters sent by the
Sultan of Ternate to Portugal. The text of this letter is the text written on paper of the
oldest. The second - two of this letter using the Jawi script. Letters dated 1512 and 1522
were sent by Sultan Abu Hayat of John III. This letter was given the title letters of gold
because its language style is smooth, civilized, polite and prepared properly in all aspects
such as choice of words, put the letter head and praise - praise the welcome letter.

Besides other manuscripts were found to prove the existence of the classical Malay
manuscripts Tutinameh (1600M), Hikayat Seri Rama (1633 M), a letter to the King of Aceh
Harry Middleton (1602M) and a letter from Gold Sultan Iskandar Muda Mahkota Alam,
Acheh, the King of England, King Jame 1 (1615 M). (Safiah Nik Abd. Karim. 1992. Modern
Malay: Melaka Traditional Summit-Johore-Riau. Dlm S. Othman Kelantan (pngr.) 100
Movement in the Malay language and literature 1888-1988:38 -53. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan
Bahasa dan Pustaka.)

Overall, the researchers think of 12,000 manuscripts found.

(C) language the lingua franca

It can not deny anymore the classical Malay language became the language used as a lingua
franca trade language, religion and the dissemination of knowledge - knowledge another.

Book Sabil al-Muthadin Syiekh authored by Muhammad Arshad al-Banjari may be evidence
of the use of a wide range of Classical Malay language as the author comes from Banjar
states have used the classical Malay as the medium in spreading Islam in Southeast Asia
region.

(D) language rule

Evidence of the existence of classical Malay language can be proved when some of the
Malay kingdom of classical Malay language as the language of government. Among the
government Pasai-Ocean, Malacca, Johor Lama, Johor-Pahang-Riau-Lingga, Brunei Empire
spread throughout the area of North Borneo to the Philippines Selatran, Patani, Ligor,
Palembang, Jambi, Riau, Sri Inderapura, Langkat, Pahang and Silver.

At the same time there is government or non-Malay empire using classical Malay language
as their government. Government is the government of Aceh in northern Sumatra. Western
colonialism is the Malay language as the language of Classical their relationship with the
government or the indigenous people of peribuminya.
In conclusion, all the evidence and the above description clearly indicates the existence of
true Malay classic - right to exist and was included in the development of the Malay
language.

Proof of Modern Malay Language

Modern Malay language is the fifth time in the history of the Malay language. This is not to
be proved by evidence of the following description.

(A) its colonial language

Modern Malay language has made its most important colony in the Malay Peninsula,
Singapore, Sarawak, Brunei and North Borneo. In Indonesia, the Dutch also colonized by the
same phenomenon occurred when the Malay language became the primary language
among the natives.

The Indonesia Youth Congress in 1928 had entered the Youth Pledge states that the Malay
language (the language of Indonesia changed its name) into the language of the country and
the unity of Indonesia. Indonesia is the language strings into the language of the
constitution of the country in 1945 knew.

Pata year 1957 the Malay language is one of the two official languages of Malaya Merdeka.
Then 1967 became the sole official language of Malaysia.

Thus it is clear language of the province of this issue may be evidence of the existence of
modern Malay language as it occurs in the early -20.

(B) language in the education system

In the area of schooling increases the number of schools not only Malay in the Malay
Peninsula, Singapore, and Indonesia but also in Brunei and Sarawak.

In addition to the Malay medium secondary schools increased in number. This can be
further strengthened when the language used in the modern Malay institutions of higher
learning in Malaysia after independence.

(C) The writing paper
The existence of modern Malay language can be proved when there are a number of works
of modern Malay language. Among them are works of Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir Munsyi
(1796-1854M). His work is a poem on fire Singapore (1830), Acts of God Voyage Abdullah
and ul-heart (1883).

The next figure is Major Dato 'Haji Mohd Said bin Haji Sulaiman. Produce work that is the
way the Malay language (1937), poem Marriage Guide (1936), berzanji Nathar and
Tahribnya (1939), Hikayat Johor and the late Sultan Ibrahim Chronicles (1951).

Therefore, all examples of essays, two well-known figures who have proved the existence of
modern Malay language.

(D) modern Malay institutions

These established institutions play an important role in the development of modern Malay
language. Among them are the Brotherhood of Friends of Pena and the Armed Laureate 50.

Brotherhood Malaysia Sahabat Pena (PASPAM) was established on 7 April 1934. Article on
efforts Mohd Al-Khatib and Ishak Ariffin. Among the major activities in the development of
modern Malay language Malay dictionary was issued and entered into the contest reef -
writing.

Laureate Force 50 was established in Singapore on 6 August 1950. The main goal of ASAS 50
is to extend and enhance the literature in the Malay culture. At the same time the reform
and literature by not killing the old.

In conclusion, the two institutions mentioned this clearly shows the existence of modern
Malay language.

				
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