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Never approach a bear. If you encounter a cub, retreat in the same direction from which you came.

If bear is unaware of you and feeding, you may be able to detour downwind.

If you cannot do this, make bear aware of your presence by moving upwind.

If bear is aware of you but distant, stay calm and continue walking, angling away.

If bear is closer, climb a tree if one is available.

Never attempt to imitate the aggressive attitude of a bear.

Drop an article of clothing to distract the bear and either stand your ground or retreat slowly, talking in a calm
authoritative voice.

Never run from or scream at a bear - it may provoke or excite the animal and heighten the possibility of attack.

Make every attempt to leave an avenue of escape open to a bear - it will feel threatened if cornered.

If contact appears unavoidable, make every attempt to protect your vital organs. Drop to the ground, face down,
knees drawn up to the chest and hands clasped over your neck. Keep still is of utmost importance. Most people
survive bear maulings.

Charges from a moose, particularly from a cow moose protecting a calf (springtime) or from an ornery bull in rutting
season (September) are not uncommon. Moose may cause fatal by first charging to knock you down and stomping
you with their front hooves.

Although large and of ungainly appearance, they can be quick.

If you come into contact with a moose, it is best to back off slowly and detour around it, keeping a nearby tree in mind
if a quick escape is necessary.

In dense timbered areas, injury from attacks has been avoided by keeping the body between two trees spaced about
one foot apart (too narrow a space to permit access by the moose because of the wider spread of its horns).

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