Wonder of Borobudur

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					Borobudur temple is located in the middle of Java Island, 41 km northwest of Yogyakarta, and 7 km south
of Magelang. Kedu plains surrounding it is often referred to as the "Garden of Java" (The Garden of
Java), because this land is very fertile, and its population is also very diligent. This plain is surrounded by
4 mountains, namely Mt Cleft (3371 m) and Sindoro (3135 m) in the northwest, and Merbabu (3142 m)
and Merapi (2911 m) in the northeast.




When this temple was founded is not known with certainty. Age determination is done by considering the
basic mode of building temples and carvings that show middle Javanese style 8th century BC Since built
in the 8th century, the history of Borobudur arise drowned. Once completed, borobudur became the
center of research and development of Buddhist religion,




The followers of this religion, visit Borobudur to study the Buddhist religion.. The entire series of reliefs of
Borobudur contains the teachings of the Buddhist religion. At that time borobudur building became the
center of attention and revered as a sacred building.Overall, the Borobudur Temple was built with
approximately 55.000m3.
Borobudur reaching 42 m high, and has dimensions of 123 x 123 m. Borobudur has 10 floors or levels.
First to the sixth floor of a rectangular shape, and the seventh to the tenth floor circular shaped




This temple faces east, and consists of 1460 panels, which each have a width of 2 m. Area 2,500 m2 all
the walls, and filled with reliefs. The number of panels that have existing reliefs 1212. According to
research, the number of Buddha statues around 504, including the statues that are still intact and that has
been destroyed. Restoration of Borobudur was performed twice, namely from the year 1905 - 1910, and
the latter in the year 1973 to 1983.




One thing that is unique, that this temple has architectural with attractive format or structured in
mathematics. Cach of any part of legs, body and head of the temple always has a ratio of 4:6:9.
Placement-placement stupa also has significance, and there is a part of reliefs relating to astronomy
makes Borobudur is an interesting historical evidence for the observed. One result of this review can be
read on the site "In Pursuit of Sacred Science: Architectural Survey of the Rectangular Terrace Levels" by
Mark Long.

				
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posted:12/6/2010
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