Material Safety Data Sheet
Hazardous according to the criteria of the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission (NOHSC). Risk Phrases: R20- Harmful by inhalation; R43 – may cause sensitisation by skin contact Date of Issue: Pages: Company: Address: Website: Customer Service Toll Free Number: Emergency Telephone Number: 18 April 2002 4 Dow AgroSciences Australia Ltd, ABN 24 003 771 659 Level 5, 20 Rodborough Road, Frenchs Forest NSW 2086 www.dowagrosciences.com.au 1800 700 096 (Mon-Fri, 8am–5pm EST) 1800 033 882 (24 hours) (EMERGENCIES ONLY)
Product Name: Product Code: UN No.: Hazchem Code: Dangerous Goods Class: Trojan Insecticide GF-231 3082 2X 9 Marine Pollutant ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. (CONTAINS MICROENCAPUSLATED GAMMA-CYHALOTHRIN 15%) None III 5 Insecticide for the control of certain insect pests in cotton, wheat, and various other field crops
Sub Risk Class: Packaging Group: Poison Schedule: Uses:
PHYSICAL APPEARANCE & PROPERTIES
Appearance: Boiling point: Flashpoint: Combustibility: Specific gravity: Solubility in water: Vapour Pressure: Opaque off-white liquid Not applicable (decomposes) Above 100 °C Not combustible (water based product) 1.034 g/mL at 20 °C dispersible -10 7.73 x 10 mm Hg at 20 °C
INGREDIENTS Chemical Entity gamma-cyhalothrin Aromatic hydrocarbon solvent Other ingredients deemed not to be hazardous
CAS No. 76703-62-3 64742-94-5
Proportion 14.4 10-15 >60
Trademark of Dow AgroSciences
Dow AgroSciences Australia Limited
Page 1 of 4 16 January 2004
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
The information given below is based on Trojan Insecticide unless otherwise stated.
A. HEALTH EFFECTS
Acute Swallowed: Not harmful. Tests on rats indicate this product is not harmful following a single dose of the formulated product (LD50 2250 mg/kg [male], 2646 mg/kg [female]) Slight irritant Tests on rabbits indicate this product is a slight irritant. No risk phrase is required according to NOHSC criteria Not harmful through skin absorption (LD50 > 5000 mg/kg) Slight irritant and may cause sensitisation by skin contact (R43). Tests on rabbits and guinea pigs indicate this product is a slight irritant and may cause sensitisation by skin contact. Harmful by inhalation (R20). Tests on rats indicate this product is harmful by inhalation (4 hour LC50 > 2.72 mg/kg [males] and 2.54 mg/kg [females]). Inhalation of vapour is negligible because of low vapour pressure, but inhalation of spray mist must be avoided.
Chronic (active ingredient) Gamma-cyhalothrin and its related isomeric forms, cyhalothrin and lambda-cyhalothrin, technical have been tested in mammals and test-tube systems. No evidence of mutagenic, carcinogenic, neurotoxic or teratogenic effects were observed. No adverse reproductive effects are expected for gamma-cyhalothrin in animal tests at maternal non-toxic doses (1.5 mg/kg/day). The aromatic hydrocarbon solvent may cause central nervous system depression and narcosis.
Non-specific symptoms that may arise if the product is mishandled and overexposure occurs are nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, ataxia, unsteady gait, hyperexcitablity, salivation, tremors and incontinence. Larger doses may cause convulsions and loss of consciousness. If the victim is uncoordinated there is a greater likelihood of vomit entering the lungs and causing subsequent complications. Aspiration pneumonia (inflammation of the lung) may result. Contact with the skin may result in slight irritation. May have a degreasing action on the skin. Repeated or prolonged skin contact may lead to irritant dermatitis. May cause tingling, burning, itching or numbness in exposed areas which can last up to 36 hours.
General: Consult The National Poisons Information Centre (Ph: 13 11 26) or a Doctor in every case of suspected chemical poisoning. Never give fluids or induce vomiting if a patient is unconscious or convulsing regardless of cause of injury. If breathing difficulties occur seek medical attention immediately.
Swallowed: Skin: Eyes: Inhaled:
Rinse mouth with water and give water to drink. If more than 15 minutes from a hospital induce vomiting using IPECAC syrup or by tickling the back of the throat. Seek immediate medical assistance. If skin contact occurs remove contaminated clothing and wash affected areas thoroughly with soap and water. Wash contaminated clothing before re-use. If product gets in eyes wash it out immediately with copious quantities of water for 15 minutes. See medical advice. Move person to fresh air and keep at rest until recovered. Remove any contaminated clothing and loosen reaming clothing. Allow patient to assume the most comfortable position and keep warm. If breathing laboured and patient cyanotic (blue) ensure airways are clear and have a qualified person give oxygen through a face mask. If breathing has stooped, apply artificial respiration at once. In event of cardiac arrest, apply external cardiac massage. Seek medical attention.
ADVICE TO DOCTOR
No specific antidote exists. Treat symptomatically.
PRECAUTIONS FOR USE
A time weighted average (TWA) concentration for an 8 hour day, and 5 day week has not been established by NOHSC for any 3 of the major ingredients in this product. There is a blanket limit of 10mg/m for dusts or mists when limits have not otherwise been established. The nature of this product makes it unlikely that this level will be approached in normal use. The ADI (Acceptable Daily Intake) for lambda-cyhalothrin is set at 0.001 mg/kg/day. The corresponding NOEL (No-observable-effectlevel) is set at 0.1 mg/kg/day. Values taken from Australian ADI List, April, 2002. Dow AgroSciences Australia Limited Trojan Insecticide Page 2 of 4 16 January 2004
In industrial situations, concentrated values below the TWA value should be maintained. Values may be reduced by process modification, use of local exhaust ventilation, capturing substances at the source, or other methods. If you believe airborne concentrations of mists, dusts or vapours are high, you are advised to modify the process or environment to reduce the problem.
Packaging Storage and Transport. If a spill occurs avoid skin and eye contact. Wear overalls, safety glasses and impervious gloves. If inhalation risk exists wear organic vapour respirator meeting the requirements of AS/NZS 1715 and AS/NZS 1716. Wash contaminated clothing and other protective equipment before storage or re-use. Always wash hands before smoking, eating, drinking or using the toilet. Preparation and use of product. Facial skin contact may cause temporary numbness. When using the product wear cotton overalls buttoned to the neck and wrist. A washable hat and elbow-length PVC gloves, face shield and goggles. After use and before eating, drinking or smoking, wash hands, arms and face thoroughly with soap and water. After each day’s use, wash gloves, face shield or goggles and contaminated clothing.
SAFE HANDLING INFORMATION
STORAGE & TRANSPORT
This product is a Schedule 6 Poison and a Dangerous Good. Observe all relevant regulations regarding sale, transport and storage of this class of product. Store in tightly closed original containers in a cool, well-ventilated area, out of direct sunlight. Do not store with food, feedstuffs, fertilisers and seeds.
Transport Classification – Sea (IMDG)
UN No.: 3082 Proper shipping Name: ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. CONTAINS (MICROENCAPSULATED GAMMA-CYHALOTHRIN)
Class: Packing Group:
Wear protective equipment (see PERSONAL PROTECTION). Clear area of all unprotected personnel. Prevent entry of chemical or used/damaged containers into drains, streams or waterways. Small Spill: For quantities less than 5 litres apply absorbent material such as earth, sand, clay granules or cat litter to the spill. Sweep up material when absorption is completed and contain in a refuse vessel for disposal (see DISPOSAL). Large Spill: For quantities greater than 5 litres place leaking containers into salvage drums. Apply absorbent material such as earth, sand or cat litter to the spill area. Form a barricade around spill and in front of drains or waterways in spill vicinity, using earth or other available material. Sweep up material and contain in a refuse vessel for disposal (see DISPOSAL). Contact Emergency Services on 000 immediately and notify Dow AgroSciences Australia Limited on 1800 033 882 (24 hours) or 1800 700 096 (Mon-Fri, 8am to 5pm EST).
Contaminated material must be disposed of in accordance with all State and/or Local regulations. Small quantities and containers: Triple or preferably pressure rinse containers before disposal. Add rinsings to spray tank. Do not dispose of undiluted chemicals on site. If recycling, replace cap and return clean containers to recycler or designated collection point. If not recycling, break, crush, or puncture and bury empty containers in a local authority landfill. If no landfill is available, bury the containers below 500 mm in a disposal pit specifically marked and set up for this purpose clear of waterways, desirable vegetation and tree roots. Empty containers and product should not be burnt. Contact Dow AgroSciences and seek advice.
Dow AgroSciences Australia Limited
Page 3 of 4 16 January 2004
FIRE & EXPLOSION HAZARD
Flashpoint: Combustibility: Flammability limits: Extinguishing Media: Special Fire Fighting procedures: Unusual Fire & Explosion Hazards: Stability: Polymerisation: Decomposition Products: Materials to avoid: Above 100 °C Not combustible (Water based product) No flash point observed (above 93 °C) Water fog or fine water spray, foam, dry agent (carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder) When fighting a major fire wear SCBA and structural fire fighters uniform. Do not allow fire-water to enter drains. This product is non-combustible, however, following evaporation of the aqueous component residual material can burn if ignited Gamma-cyhalothrin decomposes on heating. Thermal decomposition will evolve toxic and irritant vapours. Not expected to occur. During a fire this product may release smoke, hazardous decomposition products and toxic fumes May react with oxidising agents
The active ingredient gamma-cyhalothrin is very toxic to aquatic organisms. Contamination of water bodies should be avoided. Do not apply under weather conditions or from spraying equipment which could be expected to cause drift onto adjacent areas, particularly streams, rivers or other water bodies. Rainbow trout, Oncorhynbchus mykiss 96-hr LC50 0.11 µg/L Bluegill sunfish, 96-hr LC50 0.47 µg/L Water Flea Daphnia magna, 48-hr EC50 0.067 µg/L Green alga, EC50 2.85 mg/L Trojan Insecticide is very toxic to bees (oral 48-hr LD50 = 1.3 µg/bee,). However residues from an application Trojan at a rate equivalent to 17 g ai/ha showed no bee mortality. Gamma-cyhalothrin is slightly toxic to practically non-toxic to birds (Bobwhite quail: oral LD50 = >2000 mg/kg; bobwhite quail dietary LC50 = >2644 mg/kg, mallard duck dietary LC50 = >4430 mg/kg).
Leaching into ground water through a range of soil types is negligible. In soil is reportedly has a half-life of up to weeks.
FOR FURTHER PRODUCT INFORMATION CALL DOW AGROSCIENCES CUSTOMER SERVICE REPRESENTATIVES TOLL FREE 1800 700 096 DURING BUSINESS HOURS.
THIS MSDS SUMMARISES OUR BEST KNOWLEDGE OF THE HEALTH AND SAFETY HAZARD INFORMATION OF THE PRODUCT AND HOW TO SAFELY HANDLE AND USE THE PRODUCT IN THE WORKPLACE. EACH USER SHOULD READ THIS MSDS AND CONSIDER THE INFORMATION IN THE CONTEXT OF HOW THE PRODUCT WILL BE HANDLED AND USED IN THE WORKPLACE INCLUDING IN CONJUNCTION WITH OTHER PRODUCTS. IF CLARIFICATION OR FUTHER INFORMATION IS NEEDED TO ENSURE THAT AN APPROPRIATE RISK ASSESSMENT CAN BE MADE, THE USER SHOULD CONTACT THIS COMPANY. THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR PRODUCTS SOLD IS SUBJECT TO OUR STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS, A COPY OF WHICH IS SENT TO OUR CUSTOMERS AND IS ALSO AVAILABLE ON REQUEST.
Dow AgroSciences Australia Limited
Page 4 of 4 16 January 2004