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and is the larger of the two cities, by population.
East Side of Downtown Waterpoo Iowa from the West bank of the Cedar River.
Location in the State of Iowa
Coordinates: 42°29′33″N 92°20′46″W / 42.4925°N 92.34611°W / 42.4925; -92.34611 Country State County Incorporated Government - Mayor Area - City - Land - Water Elevation United States Iowa Black Hawk 1845 Timothy J. Hurley 62.0 sq mi (160.6 km2) 60.7 sq mi (157.3 km2) 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2) 856 ft (261 m)
Population (2006) 65,998 - City 1,087.3/sq mi (437.0/km2) - Density 162,263 - Metro Time zone - Summer (DST) ZIP codes Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website CST (UTC-6) CDT (UTC-7) 50701-50707 319 19-82425 0462727 http://www.ci.waterloo.ia.us
Waterloo is a city in and the county seat of Black Hawk County, Iowa, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 68,747. It belongs to the Waterloo-Cedar Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area,
Waterloo was originally known as "Prairie Rapids Crossing". The town was established near two Meskwaki Native American villages alongside the Cedar River. It was first settled in 1845 when George and Mary Hanna and their children arrived on the east bank of the Red Cedar River (now just called the Cedar River). They were followed by the Virden and Mullan families in 1846. Evidence of these earliest families can still be found in the street names Hanna Blvd., Mullan Avenue and Virden Creek. The name "Waterloo" supplanted the original name, "Prairie Rapids Crossing" shortly after Charles Mullan petitioned for a post office in the town. Since the signed petition did not include the name of the proposed post office location, Mullan was charged with selecting the name when he submitted the petition. Tradition has it that as he flipped through a list of other post offices in the United States, he came upon the name "Waterloo." The name struck his fancy, and on December 29, 1851, a post office was established under that name. The town was later called the same, and Mullan served as the first postmaster from December 29, 1851 until August 11, 1854. There were two extended periods of rapid growth over the next 115 years. From 1895 to 1915, the population increased from 8,490 to 33,097 a 290% increase. From 1925 to 1960, population increased from 36,771 to 71,755. The 1895 to 1915 period was a time of the rapid growth in manufacturing, rail transportation and wholesale operations. It was during this period the Waterloo Gasoline Traction Engine Company moved to Waterloo and was shortly after Rath Packing Company had relocated from Dubuque. Another major employer Waterloo throughout the first twothirds of the 20th Century was the Illinois Central Railroad. Among the others was the less-successful brass era automobile company Maytag-Mason.
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Waterloo suffered particularly hard in the agricultural recession of the 1980s, due to the major employers at the time being heavily rooted in agriculture. In particular, John Deere, the area’s largest employer, cut 10,000 jobs, and the Rath meatpacking plant closed altogether, losing 2500 jobs. It is estimated Waterloo lost 14% of its population during this time. Today the city enjoys a broader industrial base, as city leaders have sought to diversify the industrial and commercial mix. Deere remains a strong presence in the city, but employs only roughly one-third the number of jobs it did at its peak.
(7) 20.15 ft on 06/29/1969 (8) 20.00 ft on 03/16/1929 (9) 19.50 ft on 04/02/1933 (10) 19.26 ft on 03/31/1962 It should be noted that crests reported in the 1960s and prior were before completion of major flood control projects and therefore may not be directly comparable.
Although located in the Midwest, which is historically and predominantly white, Waterloo and its industries have attracted a diverse population. In the late 1800s, thousands of German, Greek, and Croatian immigrants came to Waterloo to farm or take jobs in the local factories. African-Americans were first drawn to Waterloo by Illinois Central Railroad’s repair shop at the Waterloo rail yard on East Fourth Street. In 1910, fewer than 20 African-Americans lived in Waterloo, but by 1920, nearly 1,000 residents were African-American, 3% of the city’s population at the time. The biggest migration of African-American people into the community was 1911-1912 when a national railroad strike shut down the repair shop, and Illinois Central Railroad recruited and transported African-American workers from Mississippi. In the 1990s, Bosnian war refugees were resettled in Waterloo by the federal government, and during the same decade a new IBP packing plant attracted hundreds of Hispanics. It is estimated that 5,000 Bosnians came to Waterloo, although not all stayed, and over 2,000 Latinos live in Waterloo. Both the Bosnians and the Latinos have been an influence on Waterloo’s changing economics as they open their own businesses. This diversity of races has generally worked well, but Waterloo has experienced its share of racial tension and hostility. Early on, African-Americans settled on only the "East" side (geographically and more accurately north-northeast, but the term has become locally fixed), while Caucasians populated both the "East" and the "West" sides. Over many decades, the "East" side stagnated and the "West" side became more prosperous. In the 1980s, the racial tensions took a backseat to the economic problems. While not gone, the racial tensions are a fraction of their peak in the late 1960s.
Flood of 2008
June 2008 saw the worst flooding in the Waterloo-Cedar Falls area ever, including the Great Flood of 1993. The flood control system constructed in the 1970s-1990s largely functioned as designed. For those areas not protected by the system, the Cedar River poured out of its banks and into parking lots, backyards and across the rich Iowa farmland surrounding the city. Although much damage was done, the larger, downstream city of Cedar Rapids was much harder hit. An area of the west side of the downtown and an area near the former Rath Packing facility were impacted not directly by water coming from the river but were the result of storm runoff draining towards the river but then being trapped on the backside of the flood levy system. These areas did not have lift stations or alternate pumping capacity sufficient to force this water to the river side of the control system. Areas where lift stations had been constructed (Virden Creek and East 7th Street ) to pump this storm runoff into the swollen river remained largely dry (the east and north sides of downtown). Several areas experienced water seeping into basements due to high water table levels. Below, according to the National Weather Service are the ten highest crests of the Cedar River recorded at East 7th Street in downtown Waterloo: Historical Crests (1) 25.39 ft on 06/11/2008 (2) 21.86 ft on 03/29/1961 (3) 21.67 ft on 04/08/1965 (4) 20.78 ft on 07/23/1999 (5) 20.60 ft on 06/02/1993 (6) 20.54 ft on 04/02/1993
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Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures Month Rec High °F Norm High °F Norm Low °F Rec Low °F Precip (in) Jan 65 6.3 -33 Feb 66 Mar Apr 87 100 May Jun 94 103 Jul 105 Aug Sep 105 98
Dec 67 30.7 -29 1.11
25.8 31.9 45 13.2 24.9 -31 -34
59.7 72.2 35.8 48.1 -4 22 3.23 4.15
81.7 85 38 42
82.8 75.3 62.5 45 38 22 11 -17
58.1 62.2 59.5 49.8 37.8 25.1 12.5 4.82 4.2 4.08 2.95 2.49 2.1
0.84 1.05 2.13
Source: USTravelWeather.com 
Geography and climate
Waterloo is served by one daily intercity bus arrival and departure to Chicago and Des Moines. Service is provided by Burlington Trailways. http://www.burlingtontrailways.com/ New service to/from Iowa City, Mason City and the Twin Cities provided by Jefferson Lines is expected to begin in the Fall of 2008. There are currently three taxi operators in Waterloo and Cedar Falls. The newest entrant to the market is First Call Taxi (319.233.TAXI). The other two firms are Metro Taxi (319.234.TAXI) and Yellow.
Waterloo is located at 42°29′33″N 92°20′46″W / 42.4925°N 92.34611°W / 42.4925; -92.34611 (42.492436, -92.346161). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.0 square miles (160.6 km²), of which, 60.7 square miles (157.3 km²) of it is land and 1.3 square miles (3.3 km²) of it (2.06%) is water.
The Waterloo-Cedar Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Black Hawk, Bremer, and Grundy counties. The area had a 2000 census population of 163,706 and a 2006 estimated population of 162,263.  Waterloo is next to Cedar Falls, home to the University of Northern Iowa. Small suburbs include Evansdale, Hudson, Raymond and Elk Run Heights. The largest employers in the Waterloo/ Cedar Falls MSA, according to the Greater Cedar Valley Alliance, as of October 2006 include (in order): John Deere, Covenant Medical Center, Tyson Fresh Meats, the University of Northern Iowa, Allen Hospital, Waterloo Community Schools, Omega Cabinets and Bertch Cabinets. The complete list can be found at: http://www.cvedc.com/index_facts.html
Waterloo is located at the north end of Interstate 380. U.S. Highways 20, 63, and 218 and Iowa Highway 21, also run through the metropolitan area. The Avenue of the Saints runs through Waterloo. Northwest Airlines provides non-stop air service to and from Minneapolis/St. Paul from the Waterloo Regional Airport. Waterloo is served by a moderately extensive metropolitan bus system (MET). MET serves most areas of Cedar Falls and Waterloo. Most routes meet at the central bus station in downtown Waterloo. The system operates Monday - Saturday. During the week the earliest bus is at 5:45am from downtown Waterloo and the last bus arriving downtown at 6:40pm. Service is more limited on Saturdays. http://www.mettransit.org/
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 4,337 — 1870 1880 5,630 29.8%
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1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 6,674 12,580 26,693 36,230 46,191 51,743 65,198 71,755 75,533 75,985 66,467 18.5% 88.5% 112.2% 35.7% 27.5% 12.0% 26.0% 10.1% 5.3% 0.6% −12.5%
Waterloo is administered by a seven-member city council and a mayor. One council member is elected from each of Waterloo’s five wards, and two are elected at-large. The current mayor is Timothy J. Hurley, his predecessor was John Rooff.
Waterloo has one central public library, the Waterloo Public Library , offering video, music, books, self-check out, and access to the Internet. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 2008, 259,144 patron visits resulted in circulation of 413,525 items. The total collection consisted of 210,135 items. The library’s reference services, supported by 7 Full-time equivalent librarians, answered 78,400 questions. Staff and patrons regularly post reviews of books on the blog, Lost in the Stacks. The library’s 43 public access computers provided over 87,688 sessions for patrons wanting to surf the ‘net or create Microsofi Office Suite documents. The library is governed by a board of trustees, nominated by the city mayor and confirmed by the city council: Robert Griffin, John Wood, Troyce Vich, Cindy Wells, and Sue Smith. The library is directed by Sheryl Groskurth, MLS. The Youth Department continues to be involved in the community through the schools, Traveling Tales, Stork’s Nest, and Maywood Headstart. Library events included, "Horton Hears a Who," "Spiderwick Chronicles," Christmas Party and the Cedar Valley’s Youth Read 2008 author in residence project. Construction of the WPL Training Center began in January of 2008. The Training Center was made possible, in large part, due to a grant from the Black Hawk County Gaming Association. The classroom has 15 computers, a ceiling mounted LCD projector, and is used primarily for free patron classes and staff in-services. Fiscal Year 2008 Highlights: --Patrons with long overdue items or old fines had their debts forgiven in an innovative "we want you back" approach to customer service. --A satellite collection of five hundred books was placed in the Hawkeye Community College Library, available to anyone with a WPL library card.
68,747 3.4% 2000 As of the census of 2000, there were 68,747 people, 28,169 households, and 17,746 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,131.9 people per square mile (437.0/km²). There were 29,499 housing units at an average density of 485.7/ sq mi (187.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.61% White, 13.86% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.63% of the population. There were 28,169 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,092, and the median income for a family was $42,731. Males had a median income of $31,491 versus $22,569 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,558. About 10.0% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.
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--Our first ever Spanish Summer Library Program. The Diversity Coordinator took library service to local Mexican stores. Books were available for checkout, and prizes donated by the stores were given away. --The library windows were replaced. The leaky old windows made way for more efficient ones. --ME&V was contracted to conduct a feasibility study regarding a one million dollar capital campaign. These funds are sought in order to remodel the second floor of the library. Not only are new computers and furniture needed, but the building also needs extensive improvements in electrical, data, and mechanical resources. The Waterloo Public Library is located in a renovated Great Depression era U.S. Post Office building that also served as a Federal Circuit Courthouse. The last person to be subjected to capital punishment in Iowa, Victor Feguer, was sentenced by a Federal Circuit Judge in 1963 when the library still hosted the Federal Court. The City of Waterloo acquired the structure in 1979 and with the help of a successful bond referendum performed major renovations which adapted the building to library use. Fortunately, the renovations did not disturb two New Deal funded murals created by Edgar Britton. His art work may be seen on the wall above the Youth Departmentoffice and to the south of the Circulation Services desk. The Flood of 2008 had some impact on library services. About 3-4" of seepage water flooded the basement causing the temporary evacuation network services and the perhaps permanent relocation of Technical Services. Waterloo was one of the very few communities to have two Carnegie-endowed libraries: one on the East side and one on the West side of the Cedar River.
other public high school is Waterloo East High School. Its athletic teams are called the Trojans, and the school colors are orange and black. Dr. Barney is the current principal.  Waterloo’s private high schools include Columbus Catholic High School whose mascot is the "Sailor" and colors are green and white. It is supported by the Catholic parishes of Waterloo and Cedar Falls; and Walnut Ridge Baptist Academy. Waterloo also has a variety of Catholic and public grade schools such as St. Edwards and Orange Elementary School.
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 88.1 KBBG 88.9 KWVI 89.5 KHKE 90.9 KUNI (FM) 92.3 KKHQ 94.5 KULT 96.1 KCVM 97.7 KCRR 98.5 KOEL 99.3 KWAY-FM 100.1 KBOL 101.9 KNWS-FM 102.9 KZIA 105.7 KOKZ 107.9 KFMW
• • • • • • • • • • 600 WMT 640 WOI 850 KXGM 950 KOEL 1040 WHO 1090 KNWS 1250 KDNZ 1330 KWLO 1540 KXEL 1650 KCNZ
Hawkeye Community College is located in Waterloo. Neighboring Cedar Falls is home to the University of Northern Iowa. One of two public high schools in the city is Waterloo West High School. Its school mascot is the Wahawk, a contraction of Waterloo and Black Hawk (the city and county names), and its colors are old rose and black. Its most famous alumnus is former amateur wrestler and coach Dan Gable. Its current principal is Dr. Gail Moon.  The
2 KGAN 2 (CBS) - Located in Cedar Rapids 7 KWWL 7 (NBC, This TV on DT2) 9 KCRG 9 (ABC) - Located in Cedar Rapids 12 KIIN 12 (PBS/IPTV) - Located in Iowa City • 17 K17ET 17 / K44FK 44 (TBN) • 20 KWKB 20 (The CW/MNTV) - Located in Iowa City • • • •
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• 22 KWWF 22 (RTN This TV) • 28 KFXA 28 (Fox) - Located in Cedar Rapids • 32 KRIN 32 (PBS/IPTV) • 40 KFXB 40 (CTN) - Located in Dubuque • 48 KPXR 48 (Ion) - Located in Cedar Rapids
Downtown Waterloo hosts numerous festivals and celebrations throughout the course of the year including the bi-weekly Friday’loo (May - September), BBQ’loo (July), My Waterloo Days (June), the 4th Fireworks Festival (July), Tour d’Loo (October) and a new event in 2007, Iowa Irish Festival (August). More information at: http://www.mainstreetwaterloo.org ; http://www.waterloojaycees.org ; http://www.iowairishfest.org . On Waterloo’s south side, near the U.S 20/ I-380/U.S. 218 intersection, exists the Lost Island Waterpark which opened in 2001 (http://www.thelostisland.com), and "The Isle" Hotel and Casino (http://www.theislewaterloo.com), which opened on June 30th, 2007. Waterloo is also part of the very large and well developed Cedar Trail Network, which includes more than 80 miles of paved bike trails. Additional trails along the Cedar River through downtown Waterloo are currently under construction. Complete trail map can be found at: http://www.cedartrailspartnership.org/metro_trail_guide.pdf Waterloo is home of the Waterloo Blackhawks, a team in the United States Hockey League which plays in Young Arena. It is also the home of the Waterloo Bucks, a summer collegiate league baseball team which plays in the Northwoods League. The team plays at Riverfront Stadium. Other information can be found at the Waterloo Convention and Visitor’s Bureau website: http://www.waterloocvb.org/
• The Courier, daily newspaper
Tours of the John Deere Tractor Assembly Plant and Engine Works are some of the largest attractions in Waterloo. The Dan Gable International Wrestling Institute and Museum offers a historical perspective on Wrestling from ancient Greece to the present. The institute also serves as a learning facility. http://www.wrestlingmuseum.org/ The National Cattle Congress has been part of Waterloo since 1910. The organization maintains a fairgrounds and ballroom. The annual fair is held in mid-September. Additionally, the organization hosts a wide variety of events throughout the year. http://www.nationalcattlecongress.com Waterloo is the headquarter of the Silos and Smokestacks National Heritage Area. The area is an official National Park Service Heritage Area and consists of over 80 sites throughout the northeastern 2/3 of Iowa. http://www.silosandsmokestacks.org A recent entry that has been drawing national and international attention is Galleria de Paco. The upscale restaurant and bar features a complete reproduction (on the ceiling) of Michaelangelo’s Sistine Chapel ceiling. The painting was done by local artist Paco Rosic completely with spraypaint. Dinner reservations are recommended. http://www.paco-rosic.com The Grout Museum District is a multibuilding museum that focuses on telling the story of Waterloo and the surrounding community. A large expansion of the Museum widened its focus when the Sullivan Iowa Veteran’s Museum opened in late 2008. This expansion honors Waterloo local WWII heroes, the Sullivan Brothers. The Imaginarium is a hands-on childrens’ science museum. http://www.groutmuseumdistrict.org
• David Barrett, cornerback for the New York Jets. • Horace Boies, Governor of Iowa 1890-1894. • Dan Gable, Olympic champion wrestler and collegiate coach. • Lou Henry Hoover, First Lady of the United States 1929-1933. • MarTay Jenkins, wide receiver for the Arizona Cardinals. • J.J. Moses, wide receiver for the Arizona Cardinals. • Larry Nemmers, NFL referee. • Thunderbolt Patterson, professional wrestler. • Don Perkins, running back for the Dallas Cowboys.
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• Alfred C. Richmond, Retired U.S. Coast Guard Commandant. • Reggie Roby, punter for the University of Iowa Hawkeyes and Miami Dolphins. • Tracie Spencer, singer. • Darren Sproles, running back for the San Diego Chargers. • The Sullivan brothers, five sons who died together on the USS Juneau during World War II. • Bob Bowlsby, Athletic Director Stanford University (2006-) University of Iowa (1991-2005) • Don Denkinger, Major League Baseball Umpire. Made famous for "the call" in game 6 of the 1985 World Series. • Julie Adams, actress in "Creature from the Black Lagoon" and many other movies. • John Hooker Leavitt, banker, state senator, son of Roger Hooker Leavitt
www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.  Iowa Data Center. "Population Estimates and Components of Population Change for Iowa’s Metropolitan Areas (2003 Definition): 2000-2006". http://data.iowadatacenter.org/ datatables/MetroArea/ metroestpopcomp20002006.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-04-06.  "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.  John H. Leavitt, History of Waterloo, Waterloo Public Library
• Official City Website • Waterloo Convention & Visitors Bureau • City of Waterloo Brownfields Redevelopment Website • City of Waterloo Economic Development "Find a County". National Association of Website Counties. http://www.naco.org/ • Waterloo Public Library Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/ • Waterloo Chamber of Commerce cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved • Waterloo Police Department on 2008-01-31. • Waterloo Community School District Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early • Waterloo, Iowa is at coordinates American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New 42°29′33″N 92°20′46″W / 42.492436°N York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.93. 92.346161°W / 42.492436; -92.346161 City Profile (Waterloo, Iowa)Coordinates: 42°29′33″N "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". 92°20′46″W / 42.492436°N 92.346161°W / United States Census Bureau. 42.492436; -92.346161 (Waterloo, Iowa) 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/