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University of Pittsburgh

University of Pittsburgh
University of Pittsburgh Affiliations: Website: AAU, NASULGC, EDUCAUSE, ORAU www.pitt.edu

Logos are trademarks of the University of Pittsburgh

Motto: Motto in English: Established: Type: Endowment: Chancellor: Provost: Faculty: Students: Undergraduates: Postgraduates: Location: Campus: Former names:

Veritas et Virtus (Latin) Truth and Virtue February 28, 1787 State-related[1] US $2.334 billion[2] Mark Nordenberg James V. Maher 4,669[3] 27,562[3] 17,427[3] 10,135[3] Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA Urban, 132 acres (0.53 km2) Pittsburgh Academy (1787-1819) Western University of Pennsylvania (1819-1908) Blue and Gold

Cathedral of Learning viewed from the Frick Fine Arts Building. The University of Pittsburgh, commonly referred to as Pitt, is a state-related[4] research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. Chartered in 1787, Pitt is highly regarded in academic fields ranging from philosophy to medicine,[5][6] and is well known for the development of the first Polio vaccine as well as its landmark centerpiece building, the Cathedral of Learning. Founded as Pittsburgh Academy in 1787 on what was then the American frontier, Pitt is one of the oldest continuously chartered

Colors: Nickname:

Pitt, Panthers Mascot: Athletics: Roc the Panther 17 varsity teams NCAA Division I Big East, EWL, EAGL

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institutions of higher education in the United States. Pitt evolved into the Western University of Pennsylvania with an alteration to its charter in 1819, and upon relocating to its current campus in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh in 1908, the school received its current moniker, the University of Pittsburgh. For most of its history, Pitt was a private institution until it became part of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education in 1966.[7] Pitt’s rise from its humble frontier beginnings to its current stature is due in part to its ability to withstand early pressures to abandon its commitment to liberal education.[8][9] Along the way Pitt has achieved strong reputations in a variety of academic disciplines including philosophy, physics, astronomy, history of science, English literature, creative writing, chemistry, business, biological sciences, jazz, engineering, education, international studies, and a variety of medical and health sciences.[5] In 2006 Pitt was placed in the top cluster of 7 leading U.S. public research universities and among the clusters comprising the overall top 26 research universities[10], was ranked in U.S. News & World Report’s top 20 public universities,[11] and has also been recognized as one of the top universities in the world by multiple studies.[12][13][14] Pitt regularly produces internationally recognized scholarship and fellowship award winners.[15] One of 62 elected members of the Association of American Universities, Pitt is among the top universities in total research expenditures and is a top 10 school in National Institute of Health research allocations, bringing in over $430 million a year for biomedical and health science research alone.[16] Pitt and its medical school are also closely affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, a leading academic medical center and the most active neurosurgical and organ transplant center in the United States. These resources have propelled Pitt to a leadership role in, among other fields, stem cell science, bioterrorism defense, and tissue engineering. Pitt is popularly recognized for its stunning centerpiece building, the Cathedral of Learning at 535 feet (163 m), the tallest educational building in the Western Hemisphere; for its central role in developing the first polio vaccine;[17] and for fielding nationally competitive programs.

University of Pittsburgh
NCAA Division 1 athletic

History of the University

Hugh Henry Brackenridge, founder of Pittsburgh Academy in 1787, was a fiery revolutionary, an early supporter of the U.S. Constitution, and is considered America’s first novelist.

The Founding
Founded by Hugh Henry Brackenridge as Pittsburgh Academy in 1787, the University of Pittsburgh is among a select group of universities and colleges established in the 18th century in the United States. It is the oldest continuously chartered institution of learning in the U.S., west of the Allegheny Mountains.[18] The school began its life as a preparatory school, presumably in a log cabin, as early as 1770 in Western Pennsylvania, then a frontier. Hugh Henry Brackenridge sought and obtained a charter for the school from the state legislature of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania that was passed by the assembly on February 28, 1787, just ten weeks before the opening of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.[19][20] A brick building was erected in 1790 on the south side of Third Street and Cherry Alley for the Pittsburgh Academy.[21][22][23] The small two-story brick building, with a gable facing

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the alley, contained three rooms: one below and two above.[24]

University of Pittsburgh
(now Forbes Avenue) streets (site of the present day City-County building) and classes resumed in 1855. It is during this era, in 1867, that Samuel Pierpoint Langley, inventor and aviation pioneer for which Langley Air Force Base is named, was chosen as director of the Allegheny Observatory that was donated to WUP in 1865. Langley was professor of astronomy and physics and remained at WUP until 1891, when he was succeeded by another prominent astronomer, James Keeler. Growing quickly during this period, WUP outgrew its downtown facilities and the university moved its campus to Allegheny City (present-day North Side).[21][22][23]

The Western University
Within a short period, more advanced education in the area was needed, so in 1819 the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania amended the school’s 1787 charter to confer university status. The school took the name the Western University of Pennsylvania, or WUP, and was intended to be the western sister institution to the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. By 1830, WUP had moved into a new three-story, freestonefronted building, with Ionic columns and a cupola, near its original buildings fronting the south side of Third Street, between Smithfield Street and Cherry Alley in downtown Pittsburgh. It was in this era that founder of Mellon Bank, Thomas Mellon (Class of 1837), graduated and later taught at WUP.[21][22][23]

A move north

Fires

Western University of Pennsylvania’s campus on Observatory Hill on Pittsburgh’s North Side from 1890 to 1909. The University eventually found itself on a 10-acre (4.0 ha) site on the North Side’s Observatory Hill at the location of its Allegheny Observatory. There, it constructed two new buildings, Science Hall and Main Hall, that were occupied by 1889 and 1890 respectively. During this era, the first collegiate football team was formed at Pitt in 1889. In 1892, the Western Pennsylvania Medical College was amalgamated into the University. By 1893, the University had graduated its first African-American, William Dammond.[25] In 1895, WUP established its School of Law and Andrew Carnegie and George Westinghouse were elected to the Board of Trustees, where they joined Andrew Mellon who was elected in 1894. The Pittsburgh College of Pharmacy and Pittsburgh Dental School also joined the University in 1896. In 1898, the first women, sisters Margaret and Stella Stein, graduated from the University.[26] During this period, University engineering professor Reginald Fessenden was conducting

Western University of Pennsylvania, the previous name of Pitt, is depicted in this 1833 oil painting at its location on 3rd Avenue in downtown Pittsburgh. The University’s buildings, along with most of its records and files, were destroyed in the Great Fire of 1845 that wiped out 20 square blocks of Pittsburgh. Classes were temporarily held in Trinity Church until a new building was constructed on Duquesne Way (on what was the site of the former Horne’s department store). Only four years later, in 1849, this building also was destroyed by fire. Due to the catastrophic nature of these fires, operations were suspended for a few years to allow the University time to regroup and rebuild. By 1854, WUP had erected a new building on the corner of Ross and Diamond

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pioneering work in radio broadcasting. By 1904, playing at Exposition Park, the University had its first undefeated football team.[21][22][23][27]

University of Pittsburgh
Memorial, and Clapp Hall buildings. By 1925, Bowman had settled on a design by Charles Klauder for the "tall building": an attentiongetting 535-foot (163 m) tower whose great height, with open spaces all around, would suggest the "character that ought to be in an educated man." The building’s "parallel lines going up and up...would express courage [and] fearlessness" and it would "unify Pittsburgh into a community conscious of its character." The Cathedral is "cut off" flat at the top to suggest that its lines, like education, have no ending. The building was financed by donors as well as a campaign to collect dimes from local school children. Bowman was a persuasive leader and although the Great Depression intervened, the Cathedral of Learning, on which construction was begun in 1926, was finally finished in 1937. Today, it remains the second-tallest education building in the world and contains an equally-impressive interior highlighted by a half-acre (2,000 m²) Gothic hall Commons Room with 52-foot (16 m) tall arches surrounded by 27 Nationality Rooms.

A new name and home
Citing a need to avoid confusion, distinguish itself from the University of Pennsylvania, and return to its roots by identifying itself with the city, the Western University of Pennsylvania, by act of the state legislature, was renamed the University of Pittsburgh in the summer of 1908. During this time, Pitt had also outgrown its accommodations on what is now the North Side of Pittsburgh and its departments had been scattered throughout the city for years. To consolidate all of its components on one campus, WUP bought 43 acres (170,000 m2) of land in December 1907 in what is now the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh and began relocating departments there by 1909.[28] The initial campus plan for the University centered on the winning submission from a national architectural contest that incorporated a Greek Acropolis design by Henry Hornbostel for 30 buildings.[29] However, due to financial and other constraints, only four of the buildings were constructed in this style, of which only Thaw Hall remains today.

Development of the polio vaccine

A national landmark

The Cathedral of Learning In the 1920s, new university chancellor John Gabbert Bowman declared that he had a vision for a centerpiece "tall building" for the university. The 14 acres (5.7 ha) Frick Acres property in Oakland was soon purchased and plans for the campus shifted focus from the hillside to a neo-Gothic Revival plan that today comprises the Cathedral of Learning, Heinz Memorial Chapel, Stephen Foster

Jonas Salk developed the first polio vaccine at the University of Pittsburgh. In the early 20th century, epidemics of polio began to hit the United States and other

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industrialized countries. As hospital wards filled with patients in iron lungs, and tens of thousands were left crippled, fear of contracting polio grew rampant and led to the closing of many public facilities. Meanwhile, Dr. Jonas Salk had set up the University of Pittsburgh’s Virus Research Lab in the basement of what is now Salk Hall. By 1951, Salk and his team had begun immunization experiments in monkeys using dead polio virus. Soon, however, Salk began to test inoculations in paralyzed polio patients and by 1953 human trials among the general population were initiated. By the spring of the following year, the largest controlled field trials in medical history were underway, and by 1955 the vaccine developed by Jonas Salk and his team of Pitt researchers was declared effective. By 1962, Salk’s vaccine had reduced the incidence of polio in the United States by 95 percent. The breakthroughs in immunology and vaccine development at Pitt by Salk and his team are considered one of the most significant scientific and medical achievements in history.[30][31]

University of Pittsburgh
Nordenberg has been chancellor of the University since 1995 and is leading Pitt through a period of substantial progress, including a $2-billion capital-raising campaign that is over half-way toward achieving its goal[33] and a $1-billion 12-year facilities plan.[34] Pitt’s endowment in 2007 reached $2.254 billion, a 25 percent increase from 2006 [35]. In 2008, it ranked 29th among all college endowments and 8th nationally among public universities[2].

Location and campus

State relations
In 1966, Pitt was designated by Pennsylvania as a state-related university. As such, Pitt receives public funds (currently more than $200 million per annum) and offers reduced tuition to Pennsylvania residents. Pitt remains under independent control, but is typically categorized as a public university. Upon affiliation with the state, subsidized tuition led to a massive influx of new students and rapid expansion of Pitt’s size and scope. In the 1970s, Pitt’s football team returned to greatness with a national championship season in 1976 led by Hall of Fame running back Tony Dorsett and continued success in the 1980s with players such as Hall of Fame quarterback Dan Marino. In the 1980s, significant medical research in the field of organ transplantation was conducted by Thomas Starzl, establishing Pitt as the world leader in the field of organ transplantation. In 1991, long-time chancellor Wesley Posvar retired after 24 years in office. His administration is best known for elimination of the university’s debt from its 1960s financial crisis and for increasing the school’s prestige and endowment. Under Posvar, Pitt’s operating budget grew sevenfold to $630 million and its endowment tripled to $257 million.[32] Mark Heinz Memorial Chapel The University of Pittsburgh’s main campus comprises approximately 132 urban acres (0.53 km2) located in Pittsburgh’s historic Oakland neighborhood. Much of the campus, including its centerpiece 42-story Cathedral of Learning, falls within the Oakland Civic Center/Schenley Farms National Historic District.[36] The campus contains an eclectic mix of architecture that includes Greek revival, Neogothic, Italian Renaissance, and modern. It has been termed "a theme park of replica buildings, representing the architecture of the past speaking to the present."[37] The campus was won multiple Green Star Awards from the Professional Grounds Management Society.[38][39] The University of Pittsburgh’s main campus has four main parts: upper (sports complexes, residence halls); mid (Benedum, Chevron, Allen and Thaw Halls); lower (Cathedral of Learning, Union, Posvar Hall); and on the west end of campus, the medical center complex. The campus is generally bordered by Darragh Street/McKee Place to the west and Bellefield Avenue/Dithridge

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Street to the east; Forbes and Fifth avenues traverse the campus from west to east. The main campus abuts or is within a short walking distance of many recreational, cultural, and educational institutions that also populate the Oakland neighborhood. The campus is directly adjacent to Schenley Plaza, the main branch of the Carnegie Public Library, the Carnegie Museums of Natural History and Art, and the Carnegie Music Hall. Carlow University is just west of campus, adjacent to the University’s medical center complexes. Carnegie Mellon University, Central Catholic High School and historic Schenley Park, site of the Phipps Conservatory & Botanical Gardens, lie across Junction Hollow on the east end. Some Pitt professors also hold adjunct professorships at Carnegie Mellon and vice-versa.

University of Pittsburgh
Cathedral of Learning to mark the significance of the University of Pittsburgh itself.[46] Another state historical marker has been placed to highlight the significance of Pitt’s involvement in the archaeological excavation at the Meadowcroft Rockshelter in Avella, Pennsylvania.[47] In addition, the Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation has designated the following Pitt buildings as Pittsburgh Historic Landmarks: Allegheny Observatory, Allen Hall, Alumni Hall, Bellefield Hall, Chancellor’s Residence, Cathedral of Learning, the Cathedral of Learning interior rooms, Gardner Steel Conference Center, Heinz Memorial Chapel, Thaw Hall, Salk Hall, Schenley Quadrangle residence halls, Stephen Foster Memorial, the University Child Development Center, and the William Pitt Union.[48][49] Other Pitt buildings not designated individually as landmarks, but listed among the 17 Pitt-owned contributing properties to the Schenley Farms Historic District, include Clapp Hall, Ruskin Hall, Thackeray Hall, Frick Fine Arts Building, Music Building, University Club, and the University Place Office Building.[50] Buildings not belonging to Pitt, but historic structures within, near, or adjacent to Pitt’s campus, include the Carnegie Museum buildings, Frick School, Forbes Field wall remnant, Magee Estate iron fence, the Schenley Fountain, Mellon Institute, Phipps Conservatory & Botanical Gardens, the Pittsburgh Athletic Association, St. Paul’s Cathedral, St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church, Schenley High School, Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall, and the Stephen Foster sculpture. Many of these buildings and their facilities are integrated into the events and activities of the university.

Historic buildings

Stephen Foster Memorial There are two University buildings listed separately on the National Register of Historic Places: Allegheny Observatory (in Pittsburgh’s Riverview Park on the Northside) and the Cathedral of Learning.[40] Twentyone of Pitt’s buildings (including the 5 residence halls that make up Schenley Quadrangle, see below) are contributing properties to the Schenley Farms-Oakland Civic Center Historic District that has been designated a National Historic District.[36] Due to the historical nature of various sites in or around Pitt’s buildings, the state of Pennsylvania has placed historical markers outside the Allegheny Observatory,[41] Posvar Hall,[42] Salk Hall,[43] Stephen Foster Memorial,[44] and the William Pitt Union.[45] In addition, a Pennsylvania Historical Marker has been placed on campus near the

Other buildings
The majority of Pitt-owned buildings reside in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the home of its main campus. The major concentration of buildings comprise Pitt’s main campus centered in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh including within the Schenley Farms Historic District, however a few facilities are scattered elsewhere throughout the city, including the adjacent Shadyside neighborhood. Along with regional campuses in Bradford, Greensburg, Johnstown, and Titusville, Pitt also has a Computer Center in

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University of Pittsburgh

Frick Fine Arts Building RIDC Park in Blawnox, the Plum Boro Science Center in Plum, the University of Pittsburgh Applied Research Center (UPARC) in Harmarville, Pennsylvania, the Pymatuning Laboratory of Ecology in Linesville, Pennsylvania[51], and the Allen L. Cook Spring Creek Preserve archeological research site in Spring Creek, Wyoming.[52][53] Athletic facilities of the University of Pittsburgh Panthers that are located in Oakland in the upper campus and include the Charles L Cost Sports Center, Fitzgerald Field House, the Petersen Events Center, Trees Hall and Trees Field. A major upgrade of on-campus facilities, including a new soccer, baseball, softball, track and field, and band complex, was announced in 2007. Athletic facilities located elsewhere that are utilized by Pitt’s sports teams include Heinz Field and the UPMC Sports Performance Complex.

William Pitt Union and the Millennium Panther Building, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC’s Rangos Research Center, 230 McKee Place, and UPMC University Center. UPMC facilities are also scattered elsewhere throughout the city, including UPMC Shadyside and the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute in the Hillman Cancer Center located in the Shadyside neighborhood adjacent to Oakland.

Panthers
In the fall of 1909, the University of Pittsburgh was the first college or university to adopt the panther (Puma concolor) as its mascot.[55] Popular as photo sites, there are ten representations of Panthers in and about Pitt’s campus, and ten more painted fiberglass panthers placed around the campus by the Pitt Student Government. These fiberglass panther structures are given to a campus group for a year and painted by the group to reflect their interests. The oldest representations are four panthers that guard each corner of the Panther Hollow bridge. Other Oakland locations include both inside and in front of the William Pitt Union, outside the Petersen Events Center, "Pitt the Panther" on the carousel in Schenley Plaza, the Panther head fountain on the front of the Cathedral of Learning, and the Pitt Panther statue outside Heinz Field on Pittsburgh’s North Side.

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
See also: List of University of Pittsburgh Medical Center buildings The University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), which is consistently ranked in U.S. News & World Report’s "Honor Roll" of America’s top hospitals,[54] consists of the following hospitals and facilities in the Oakland area, many of which have shared use with various university departments: UPMC Presbyterian Hospital, UPMC Montefiore Hospital, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Magee-Women’s Hospital of UPMC, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic in Thomas Detre Hall, Eye and Ear Institute, Forbes Tower (home to the School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences), Iroquois Building, Kaufman Medical Building, Medical Arts

Education
Throughout its history, Pitt has been committed to a liberal arts education with a wellrounded curriculum in the arts, sciences, and

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• College of Business Administration • Joseph M. Katz Graduate School of Business • School of Dental Medicine • School of Education • Swanson School of Engineering • College of General Studies • School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences • University Honors College

University of Pittsburgh
• School of Medicine • School of Nursing • School of Pharmacy • Graduate School of Public & International Affairs (GSPIA) • Graduate School of Public Health • School of Social Work

Commons Room in the Cathedral of Learning humanities.[56] Pitt has an increasing emphasis on undergraduate research experience and for providing real-world opportunities such as co-ops and internships.[57] Undergraduate degrees can be earned as Bachelor’s of Arts, Bachelor’s of Science, and Bachelor’s of Philosophy. Along with providing certificate programs, graduate level masters, professional, and doctoral degrees are also awarded. Pitt has also initiated a Universitywide Outside the Classroom Curriculum (OCC) that includes a structured series of extracurricular programs and experiences designed to complement students’ academic studies and help develop personal attributes and professional skills.[58] Students who complete the OCC requirements receive an OCC "transcript" and a green cord of distinction to wear at commencement.[59]

International Studies

The Indian Classroom, one of 27 Nationality Rooms in the Cathedral of Learning Pitt’s history of commitment to international education is illustrated by its unique collection of 27 Nationality Rooms on the first and third floors of the Cathedral of Learning. As a demonstration of this commitment, Pitt is one of the country’s leading producers of both Fulbright scholars and Peace Corps volunteers[60][61] and one of only 17 American universities to claim four or more area studies programs that have been competitively

Schools
Bachelor’s, master’s, doctoral and professional programs are offered through the following academic units: • School of Arts and Sciences • School of Information Sciences • School of Law

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designated National Resource Centers by the U.S. Department of Education.[62] The National Resource Centers designated at Pitt include the Asian Studies Center, Latin American, Russian and East European, and European centers as well as Pitt’s International Business Center.[62] In addition, Pitt’s Asian Studies Center has been awarded status as one of only 22 Confucius Institutes in the U.S. by the Chinese Ministry of Education.[63][64] Also, Pitt is home to one of just ten European Union Centers of Excellence in the U.S., funded by the European Commission. The University Center for International Studies (UCIS) coordinates international education curricula, centers on topical specializations in international studies, and the centers for area studies, including the National Resource Centers, among existing faculty and departments throughout the university. It does not itself give degrees but awards certificates of attainment to degree candidates in the University’s schools and also operates certificate programs in African Studies (undergraduate) and in Global Studies (undergraduate & graduate).[65] UCIS also operates the Study Abroad Office,[66] Nationality Rooms and Intercultural Exchange Programs.[67]

University of Pittsburgh
research universities and in the 6th tier (or top 26) among all universities according to its 2006 annual report.[69] In 2007, U.S. News & World Report ranked Pitt 19th among public universities in the United States and 57th among all national universities.[11] In addition, Kiplinger has rated Pitt the 30th best value among public universities in their rankings for 2009.[70] In worldwide evaluations of universities, Newsweek ranked Pitt 37th in its "The Top 100 Global Universities."[71] Pitt ranked 49th worldwide (and 36th in the U.S.) in the Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s Academic Ranking of World Universities.[72] Pitt ranked 77th out of the top 100 institutions in the world, 28th out of all U.S. institutions, and 9th out out of all public U.S. institutions according to the “Times Higher-QS World University Rankings 2007,” by The Times Higher Education Supplement (THES) and Quacquarelli Symonds.[62][73] Pitt’s Department of Philosophy has long been renowned in the U.S. and worldwide, and is especially strong in the areas of mathematical and philosophical logic, metaphysics, history and philosophy of science, philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of mind and psychology, and semantics.[74][75] The University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences, including Medicine, Dental, Nursing, Pharmacy, Public Health, and Rehabilition are all highly ranked and regarded in their respective fields.[76] In addition, the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, is consistently honored as one of America’s top hospitals.[54] The University also is a leader in the field of business studies. The Joseph M. Katz School of Business MBA program is ranked first in the U.S. in "Value for Money," 51st overall in the nation, and its faculty research is ranked 47th in the world by the 2007 Financial Times ranking.[77] The Joseph Katz Graduate School consistently ranks among the top ten public business schools in the U.S. according to The Wall Street Journal. Pitt’s law school faculty has been ranked 21st in the nation based upon standard objective measures of scholarly impact.[78] Overall Pitt’s Law School is ranked 48th by The Law School 100,[79] is listed among the nation’s top law schools by The Princeton Review,[80] and was ranked 71st by U.S. News & World Report in 2009,[81] although it

Rankings

The lawn of the Cathedral of Learning. The Center for Measuring University Performance[68] has ranked Pitt, along with only six other schools, in the top tier of U.S. public

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was has been ranked in the top 50 as recently as 2004.[82] Pitt is home to the Gertrude E. and John M. Petersen Institute of NanoScience and Engineering, which was ranked second in the nation in 2006 for microscale and nanoscale research by the leading global trade publication, Small Times. Pitt also is a global leader in Radio-frequency identification device (RFID) technology, with its research program rated among the top three in the world along with MIT and the University of Cambridge in England.[83]

University of Pittsburgh
medicine, the Pulitzer Prize for fiction, the Shaw Prize in medicine, the Albany Prize in medicine, the Fritz Medal in engineering, the Templeton Prize, and the Grainger Challenge Prize for sustainability.[60][87] Pitt is also a leading producer of Fulbright scholars.[60][65]

Research
Pitt, one of 62 elected members of the Association of American Universities, has a strong research presence, ranking among the top 20 universities in the country in terms of total research and development expenditures in science and engineering,[88][89] 13th in the U.S. in total federal science and engineering research expenditures,[90] and 10th in total federal obligations for science and engineering research and development.[91] Pitt is ranked 21st in the world according to the 2007 Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities by the HIgher Education Evaluation & Accrediation Council of Taiwan[92] and 29th in the world based on Essential Science Indicators according to the Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation of Wuhan University.[93] Pitt places much emphasis on undergraduate research and has integrated such research experience as a key component of its undergraduate experience.[57] Pitt is a major center of biomedical research; in FY 2006, it ranked sixth in the nation in competitive peer-reviewed NIH funding allocations,[94] and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center ranked 13th among hospitals nationwide by USNews in 2006.[95]

Scholars

A class meets outside on the steps of Heinz Chapel In addition to the three national military academies, Pitt is one of only nine universities, and the only public university, to claim both Rhodes and Marshall Scholars in 2007. Since 1995, Pitt undergraduates have won two Rhodes Scholarships, six Marshall Scholarships, five Truman Scholarships, four Udall Scholarships, a Churchill Scholarship, a Gates Cambridge Scholarship, 33 Goldwater Scholarships, and three Mellon Humanities Fellowships.[84][85][86] Pitt alumni have won awards such as the Nobel Peace Prize, the Nobel Prize in

Community
Pitt was one of just seven AAU-member research universities included in a list of "best neighbor" urban colleges and universities released by the president of the New England Board of Higher Education in 2006, which cited these schools as "dramatically strengthening the economy and quality of life in their neighboring communities."[96] Each year, Pitt spends more than $1.5 billion in the community and supports more than 32,000 jobs in Allegheny County. Pitt’s research program alone imports more than $630 million into the region each year (more than $3.60 for each $1 of state appropriations), and supports some 23,000 local jobs.[97][98] Pitt

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University of Pittsburgh

Heinz Field, home of Pitt football The University of Pittsburgh’s sports teams, the "Pittsburgh Panthers" or "Pitt Panthers," participate in NCAA Division I (Division I FBS for football) and in the Big East Conference. In intercollegiate athletics, Pitt’s highestprofile programs, football and men’s basketball, are consistently competitive. Recently, ESPN.com used the Sagarin system to rate universities based on the strength of their performance in football and men’s basketball over the course of the preceding five years. Pitt was tied for 10th as one of the nation’s top dual-sport schools. In a recent all-sports ranking done by Sports Illustrated on Campus, Pitt was ranked 17th among all U.S. universities in terms of the overall strength of its athletic program.

Eberly Hall students also spend more than $213 million on goods, services, and rental payments within the local economy.[60] Pitt ranked sixth in the number of startups spawned by technologies developed by its researchers according to Association of University Technology Managers.[99] Pitt and its medical school are closely affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. With over 40,000 employees and more than $5 billion in annual revenue, the Medical Center is the largest employer in western Pennsylvania.[100] Through the Pitt Volunteer Pool, faculty and staff members donate more than 10,000 hours annually to community service projects for agencies such as the Salvation Army, Pittsburgh AIDS Task Force, and Greater Pittsburgh Community Food Bank. Pitt also is a leading producer of Peace Corps volunteers.[60][101] According to the Peace Corps’ 2008 ranking of colleges and universities, only 14 schools in the nation produced more Peace Corp volunteers.[102] Pitt’s graduate school also ranked 10th for most alumni Peace Corps volunteers.[103]

Scholar Athletes
During 2006, of approximately 450 Pitt student athletes, 311 had term grade point averages exceeding 3.0, 23 had a perfect average of 4.0, and 124 were named Big East Academic All-Stars.

Football
Traditionally the most popular sport at the University of Pittsburgh, football has been played at the highest levels at the University since 1890. During the more than 100 years of competitive football at Pitt, the University has helped pioneer the sport by, among other things, instituting the use of numbers on jerseys[104] and desegregating the Sugar Bowl. Some of college football’s all-time greatest coaches and players have plied their trade at Pitt, including Pop Warner, Jock Sutherland, Marshall Goldberg, Joe Schmidt, Mike Ditka, Tony Dorsett, Hugh Green, Mark May, Dan

Athletics
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Marino, Bill Fralic, Curtis Martin, and Larry Fitzgerald. Among the top schools in terms of all-time wins, Pitt teams have claimed nine National Championships[105] and boast 86 players that have been chosen as firstteam All-Americans.

University of Pittsburgh
1914–1915 school year and lasted until 1927 before going on hiatus until 1970. Pitt’s women’s team has posted several conference and NWIT/EAIAW Tournament Appearances, and led head coach Agnus Berenato, advanced to the NCAA Tournament and each of the last three years, including Sweet Sixteen appearances in 2008 and 2009.

Basketball

Olympic sports

Pitt basketball in the Petersen Events Center Pitt first sponsored varsity men’s basketball in 1905 and soon become a national power winning two Helms Foundation National Championships in 1927–28 and 1929–30. Those teams, coached by the innovative and legendary Naismith Hall of Fame inductee "Doc" Carlson, were led by National Player of the Year and Hall of Famer Charlie Hyatt. Following a Final Four appearance in 1941, Pitt appeared in a handful of NCAA tournaments throughout the 50, 60s, and 70s, including a Elite Eight appearance in 1974 led by All-American Billy Knight. Pitt entered the Big East Conference in 1982, and by the end of the decade had secured a pair of Big East regular season championships led by AllAmericans Charles Smith and Jerome Lane. Beginning with the hiring of Ben Howland as head coach in 1999, and continuing with his replacement by Jamie Dixon in 2003, an era of consistent national and conference competitiveness was entered. Since 2001, Pitt has achieved eight straight NCAA tournament appearances, five Sweet Sixteen appearances, an Elite Eight appearance, three Big East regular season championships, two Big East Tournament Championships, and six Big East Tournament Championship game appearances, as well as receiving several number one rankings. The Pittsburgh Panthers Women’s Varsity Basketball program started during the

The secondary logo of Pitt athletics is a stylized panther head introduced in 1997 designed to suggest that it was cut by a welding torch from steel. See also: Pittsburgh Panthers wrestling Pitt has had a long history of success in other intercollegiate athletic events. In Track and Field, Pitt has produced several Olympic and NCAA champions such as 800 m Olympic gold medalist John Woodruff, two-time 110 m hurdle Olympic gold medalist Roger Kingdom, and seven-time NCAA champion and 2005 World Champion triple jumper TreciaKaye Smith.[106] The wrestling program has a rich history and is among the leaders in producing individual national champions with 16.[107] Pitt’s women’s volleyball team is the 12th winningest program in the nation[108], has won 11 Big East championships, and appeared in 11 NCAA tournaments since the program began in 1974.[109] Pitt’s swimming and diving teams have produced several Olympians and won 19 men’s and nine women’s Big East Championships since joining the conference in 1983. Pitt women’s gymnastics has qualified for the NCAA Northeast Regional Championship in all but two years in the past ten seasons.[110] Baseball, Pitt’s oldest sport, has produced many major league players and has become a regular

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participant in the Big East post-season championship.[111] Other sports have also found success to varying degrees.

University of Pittsburgh

Support groups
The history-rich Pitt Band was founded in 1911 and performs at athletic and other events. The Pitt cheerleaders have won multiple cheerleading national championships, including three straight from 1992–1994. The Pitt dance team also has been competitive in national competitions.[112][113]

Pitt People
Heads of the University
The University of Pittsburgh has had many individual lead it throughout its history. During the academy days, the title of Principal was worn by the head of the school. Due to fires, early records are incomplete. When Pittsburgh Academy transitioned into the Western University, the title was changed to Chancellor. This title has lasted except for a brief change during Wesley Posvar’s administration when it was transiently switched to President. Samuel McCormick oversaw the name change from the Western University of Pennsylvania to the University of Pittsburgh in 1908 and is therefore listed with the chancellors of the University of Pittsburgh. Acting chancellors are also included in the list below. For more information on past heads of the University, and for photos, please see Pitt History: Heads of the University. Pittsburgh Academy Western University University of of Pennsylvania Pittsburgh Samuel McCormick 1904-1921 John Gabbert Bowman 1921-1945 Rufus Fitzgerald 1945-1955 Charles Nutting 1955-1956

William Jacob Holland served as Chancellor from 1891-1901, and was also a world renowned entomologist. John Taylor 1801 Benjamin B. Hopkins 1803-1804? James Mountain 180? Robert Patterson 1807-1810 Joseph Stockton 1810-1819 John F. McLaren 1855-1858 George Woods 1858-1880 Milton Goff 1880-1881 Henry MacCracken 1881-1884 William Jacob Holland 1891-1901 Edward Litchfield 1956-1965 Stanton Crawford 1965-1966 David Kurtzman 1966-1967 Wesley Posvar 1967-1991 J. Dennis O’Connor 1991-1995

Hugh Henry Robert Bruce Brackenridge 1819-1835, founder 1787 1836-1843 George Welch 1789 Robert Andrews 1796-1800 Robert Steele 1800-1801 Gilbert Morgan 1835-1836 Heman Dyer 1843-1849 David H. Riddle 1849-1855

John Brashear Mark 1901-1904 Nordenberg 1995-present

Notable alumni and faculty
Pitt alumni have won a wide range of awards and prizes that include the Academy Award, the Super Bowl, the Nobel Prize, and the

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Pulitzer Prize. Others include awards from the National Medal of Arts, the National Medal of Science, the National Medal of Technology, and the MacArthur "Genius Award".[60][87][114][115] The work of Pitt faculty and alumni have pioneered technology and advancement of society in profound ways and have been noted pioneers in such fields as astronomy, aviation, virology, nuclear energy, psychology, genetics in addition to garnering the popular titles such as the Father of Radio Broadcasting, the Father of Television, the Father of CPR, the Father of the MRI, and the Father of Organ Transplantation.

University of Pittsburgh
involving a range of activities, novelties, and bands.[118] Fall Fest is an annual fall festival held by the Pitt Program Council between the William Pitt Union and the Cathedral of Learning, also involving a range of activities, novelties, and bands.[119] Football Tunnel is a tradition where student organizations, carrying standards, form a tunnel for the football players to run through as the enter the football field from the locker room. Originally, this long standing tradition involved only Pitt fraternities and sororities. The tradition was briefly lost following the 1999 season when Pitt’s football program transitioned from playing in Pitt Stadium to Three Rivers Stadium in 2000 followed by Heinz Field in 2001. The tradition was resurrected beginning with the 2008 football season.[120] Forbes Field Home Plate Slide is a tradition for good luck on midterm and finals in which students slide into or step on a former home plate from Forbes Field, where the Pittsburgh Pirates played for many seasons. The plate is on display inside Posvar Hall near its original location.[121][122][123][124] Homecoming, as in other universities, revolves around one home football game each year. Pitt’s homecoming involves activities hosted by the Pitt Program Council highlighted by fireworks and a laser-light display between the William Pitt Union and the Cathedral of Learning.[125] This is followed by Casino Night in the union, the football game, and a homecoming cruise on a Gateway Clipper Party Liner.[126][127] Honors Convocation is a ceremony whose modern incarnation was begun in 1977, but whose roots date to the 1930s’ Scholar’s Day and Tap Day.[128] The Honors Convocation is typically held in late winter to present awards and recognition for academic and service achievements of the students, faculty, alumni, and staff throughout the schools and departments of the university.[129] Lantern Night is an annual ceremony, initiated in 1921 one of the University’s longest standing traditions. It is a formal induction for freshman women to university life and unites them as they begin their education at Pitt. Traditionally held on the evening before the first day of classes, the ceremony today takes place in Heinz Chapel. Part of the Lantern Night tradition is for a distinguished

Wangari Maathai 2004 Nobel Peace Prize

Gene Kelly Academy Award Winner

Michael Chabon 2001 Pulitzer Prize Winner

Orrin Hatch US Senator

Student life
Traditions
Annual Bonfire and Pep Rally hosted by the Pitt Program Council is held prior to or during some football games. Held on the lawn of the Cathedral of Learning, it often involves the band, cheerleaders, football team, visiting dignitaries, and giveaways.[116][117]

A concert during Fall Fest 2008 Bigelow Bash is a spring festival held by the Pitt Program Council between the William Pitt Union and the Cathedral of Learning,

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University of Pittsburgh
practice techniques, composing, arranging, and individual instrument mastery. Previous musicians who have attending include Dizzy Gillespie, Kenny Clarke, Sonny Rollins, Dexter Gordon, and Max Roach.[135] Varsity Walk is a walkway between the Cathedral of Learning and Heinz Memorial Chapel on which is carved the names of former Pitt athletes (each year since 1950) who have promoted the University through their athletic (Panther Award) or academic (Blue-Gold Award) achievements.[136] Victory Lights is a tradition where golden flood lights illuminate the top of the Cathedral of Learning after every football victory.[117][137][138]

Interior of Heinz Memorial Chapel alumna to give the freshman address, while other distinguished alumnae are flame bearers who light the lanterns given to each freshman woman as a keepsake.[130][131] Omicron Delta Kappa Walk is a stone walkway between the Cathedral of Learning and Heinz Memorial Chapel that contains the engraved names of Pitt’s Omicron Delta Kappa Senior of the Year award winners. The walk is the only one of its kind in the country.[132] Panther Sendoff is an annual free reception typically held in Alumni Hall to congratulate each year’s graduating class and wish them well.[133] Rubbing the Panther Nose is another good luck tradition in which students rub the nose of the Millennium Panther outside the William Pitt Union prior to exams.[134] University of Pittsburgh Annual Jazz Seminar and Concert is a fall lecture and concert series founded by Dr. Nathan Davis, professor in the Music Department, and University officials in 1970. Renowned jazz musicians, critics, and historians lead seminar sessions for students and others in the local jazz community. These sessions are free and open to the public and deal with topics ranging from entering the music business to

Varsity Walk E-Week is a spring celebration organized by the Engineer Student Council for a weeklong, fun-filled series of activities and competitions to demonstrate engineering skills and foster a spirit of camaraderie. Activities include games such as Monopoly, Ingenuity, Jeopardy, Assassins, and include a talent show, relay race, mini-Olympics, and blood drive. The festivities reach climax with a parade on Friday, a soapbox derby on Saturday, and the `e-ball finale` on Saturday evening. Each year, a unique theme is chosen. Each engineering department competes against the others, while some smaller departments join forces.[139][140] Greek Week Greek Week is a year long initive for the Greek organizations on campus to raise money for different charitable organizations through different events. The two biggest events each year are the Pitt Dance Marthon and Greek Sing. The Pitt Greeks have signed a contract with the Hilman Cancer Research Center to raise $500,000 over the next five years.[141]

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University of Pittsburgh
• , founded in 1974, is the second-oldest African American performing arts organization affiliated with a major research university. It promotes and encourages participation in theater arts centered on the African heritage and experience.[145] • The is a festival of one-act plays cast, written, and rehearsed in 24 hours.[146]

Pitt Arts
Pitt Arts is a program founded by the University in 1997 to encourage students to explore and connect to the art and cultural opportunities of the City of Pittsburgh via three programs. Art Encounters provides trips to arts events for undergrads that include free tickets, transportation, a catered reception, and encounters with international artists and thinkers. Free Visits grants undergrad and grad students free admission using their Pitt IDs to the Carnegie Museum of Art, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Senator John Heinz History Center, Phipps Conservatory, Mattress Factory, and the Andy Warhol Museum. Cheap Seats is a program that everyone at Pitt can use to take advantage of deeply-discounted tickets to the most soughtafter arts events in the area, including the Pittsburgh ballet, opera, symphony, theater, concerts, and other cultural district activities.[142][143]

Student music

Student theater

Pitt’s Stephen Foster Memorial contains two theaters. • , or Pitt Rep, is the production company of the Department of Theatre Arts which puts public student performances of classic masterpieces revivals, cutting-edge contemporary productions, and studentdirected labs. It also runs the Shakespeare-in-the-Schools which tours classic theater for K-12 students throughout the Pittsburgh area.[144] • , Pittsburgh’s longest-running theatre show, was started in 1989 by graduate theatre students. It takes place weekly inside the Cathedral of Learning’s studio theatre.

The Music Building once served as home to the original studio for Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood • , founded in 1890, is the oldest extracurricular club on campus. The club includes both undergraduate and graduate students, as well as staff members from throughout the University. Traditionally, the Glee Club has sung for a variety of campus-wide and community functions, including graduations, receptions, alumni gatherings, sporting events, and chancellor’s events.[147] • is an accomplished and well-known a cappella choir consisting entirely of Pitt students that has been performing for over 65 years.[148]

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• , founded in 1927, is open to all women of the University including undergraduates, graduate students, and staff. The ensemble leads the traditional lamplighter processional each fall and performs repertory ranging from traditional sacred and secular classics to international folk songs, popular music, and show tunes.[149] • performs several concerts and consists of music students, students from the University at large, faculty, staff, and members of the metropolitan community. The orchestra performs not only works of the standard art music literature, but also new works of student composers.[150] • , founded in 1969, has been recognized internationally as one of the best collegiate jazz groups. Under the direction of Dr. Davis, the ensemble has performed around the world.[151] • , founded in 1983 by a Ghanaian ethnomusicologist Dr. Willie O. Anku, specializes in music and dances from Africa. Under the direction of J. S. Kofi Gbolonyo, it presents a complete African artistic expression including music, dance, drama and visual arts.[152] • , founded in 1911, is the varsity marching band of the University of Pittsburgh and performs at various athletic and other University events.

University of Pittsburgh

Wesley W. Posvar Hall the summer. It circulates 14,000 copies for each issue published. is a student-managed, student-produced, closed-circuit television station. As of June 2006, only students living in campus residence halls or university operatedhousing can view programming. Three Rivers Review and Collision are two undergraduate, bi-annual, literary journals publishing both poetry and prose. The Pittsburgh Undergraduate Review is a multidisciplinary journal showcasing undergraduate research. Pitt Political Review is a studentcreated, student-written publication of the University Honors College. PPR, as it is called, provides a venue for serious discussion of politics and policy issues in a nonpartisan way.[153] The Original is a nonprofit, semiannual arts and culture publication based at, and partially funded by, the University of Pittsburgh, that aims to both bring and publicize accessible art and creative writing to Pittsburgh.[154]

•

Student media
• is a non-commercial radio station owned by the University of Pittsburgh, and offers a mix of student-run programming. The station operates at 92.1 MHz with an ERP of 16 watts, and is licensed to Pittsburgh. • JURIST is the world’s only law-schoolbased, comprehensive, legal news and research service staffed by a mostlyvolunteer team of part-time law student reporters, editors and Web developers. It is led by law professor Bernard Hibbitts at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. • The Pitt News is an independent, student-written, and student-managed newspaper for the University’s Oakland (main) campus. Founded in 1908, it is now published Monday through Friday during the school year and Wednesdays during

•

•

•

•

Student organizations
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University of Pittsburgh
governments. The Groups are organizations designed to represent specific needs of university students across different schools. GPSA funds come from the student activity fee. Examples of programs and services GPSA provides include the following: Annual funding to each graduate school’s student government (in addition to supplemental funds for which any student groups may apply); travel grants to students presenting at conferences;free legal and financial consulting services (in conjunction with the undergraduate Student Government Board); sponsorship of additional activities ranging from social functions to academic workshops; representation on university-wide committees such as Provost’s Advisory Committees, University Senate Standing Committees, and others; and free mentorship services for undergraduate students interested in applying to grad school.[157]

Alumni Hall There are over 350 student clubs and organizations at the University of Pittsburgh all sizes and covering all manner of interests.[155] Some of the larger ones include the following. Pitt Program Council is the all-campus programming organization at the University of Pittsburgh. Comprising eight student committees: Advertising, Arts, Lecture, Leisure Learning, Public Relations, Recreation, Special Events, and Travel. The Pitt Program Council offers an unlimited variety of programs and ways to get involved. Each committee is headed by a student Director, and committee members plan and execute dozens of events each semester, such as Fall Fest, Bigelow Bash, Homecoming Laser and Fireworks Show, trips to New York City, Cedar Point, Spring break in Panama City Beach, FL, art gallery exhibits, films, horseback riding, sports tournaments, lectures, fitness and dance classes, and Black and White Ball. All planning committees are open to student involvement at any time.[156] Graduate and Professional Student Assembly (GPSA) is the student government that represents the interests of all graduate and professional student at the University of Pittsburgh and serves as the umbrella organization for all of the graduate/professional school student governments. GPSA’s mission is to act as the voice of our constituents and to actively ensure that the concerns of these students are heard. GPSA includes both the GPSA Assembly and Assembly Groups. As the chief governing body of GPSA, the Assembly is composed of the four executive officers as well as representatives from each school’s student

Litchfield Towers and David Lawrence Hall (right) Student Government Board (SGB) is the governing body that provides undergraduate students with representation as a student voice to University administration. The SGB represents the needs, interests, and concerns of all Pitt students. Another important aspect of the SGB is allocation of the student activities fee, which provides money to over 350 student organizations at the University of Pittsburgh.

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The board is composed of a President and eight Board Members, all elected by the student body. The SGB also has ten standing committees who address various aspects of campus life, including diversity, freshman involvement, and governmental relations. [158] Blue and Gold Society, founded in 1991, is a group of undergraduate student leaders chosen as liaisons between the student community and the Pitt Alumni Association.[159] Oakland Zoo is the student athletic cheering section, and is an officially recognized student club by the University of Pittsburgh. At over 2,000 members, it is the largest such group at the University. The group helps participate with the Athletic Department and Pitt Student Government Board in setting student ticket policy as well as organizing special student events.[160] Pitt Pathfinders is a student-run organization that hosts campus tours, assists prospective students in making well-informed college-related decisions, and promotes Pitt pride.[161] Quo Vadis is a student organization that conducts guided tours and interpretations of the Cathedral of Learning’s 27 Nationality Rooms.[162] Telefact is an informational telephone service run by students that researches and answers callers’ questions. The service is free to use and can be reached at 412-624-FACT. University of Pittsburgh Mock Trial is a year long extracurricular activity open to Pitt undergraduates that provides an opportunity to learn about the practice of litigation through a series of team-based mock trial competitions. Pitt Mock Trial has qualified for American Mock Trial Association postseason tournaments each of the last six years, finishing in the fifth overall place at the 2008 National Championship Tournament.[163][164] William Pitt Debating Union is a co-curricular program and hub for a wide range of debating activities, including intercollegiate policy debate, public debate, and debate outreach. 1981 National Debate Tournament champions,[165] it has qualified for the National Debate Tournament forty times[166] and is one of the oldest organizations of its kind in the nation, growing from the University’s Division of Public Speaking in 1912.[167]

University of Pittsburgh

Greek life

Beta Theta chapter of Sigma Chi Installation party November 6, 1909. North-American Interfraternity Conference(IFC) • Alpha Epsilon Pi • Delta Chi • Delta Phi • Delta Tau Delta • Kappa Sigma • Lambda Chi Alpha • Phi Delta Theta • Phi Kappa Theta • Phi Sigma Kappa • Pi Kappa Alpha • Sigma Alpha Epsilon • Sigma Alpha Mu • Sigma Chi • Sigma Phi Epsilon • Tau Epsilon Phi • Tau Kappa Epsilon • Triangle • Zeta Beta Tau National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC) • Alpha Kappa Alpha • Alpha Phi Alpha • Delta Sigma Theta • Kappa Alpha Psi • Omega Psi Phi • Phi Beta Sigma • Sigma Gamma Rho • Zeta Phi Beta National Panhellenic Conference (NPC) • Alpha Delta Pi • Alpha Epsilon Phi • Chi Omega • Delta Delta Delta • Delta Phi Epsilon • Delta Zeta • Kappa Delta • Kappa Kappa Gamma • Sigma Delta Tau • Sigma Sigma Sigma • Theta Phi Alpha Multicultural • Theta Nu Xi Co-ed Service Fraternity • Alpha Phi Omega Co-ed Honor Fraternity

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• Phi Sigma Pi Co-ed Professional Business Fraternity • Alpha Kappa Psi • Delta Sigma Pi • Phi Chi Theta In 2005 and 2006 the University of Pittsburgh Greek system raised $119,000 and $101,000, respectively, for the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute. The effort is part of the Pittsburgh Greek system’s five-year pledge to raise $500,000 for the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute.[168]

University of Pittsburgh

Regional campuses
Regional campuses offer Master’s, Bachelor’s, and Associate’s degrees at four locations in Western Pennsylvania. They also allow students to take preliminary courses and relocate to other regional campuses or the Oakland campus to complete their degrees. They offer several degrees and certificates: • University of Pittsburgh at Bradford Master’s, Bachelor’s, Associate’s and Certificate • University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg Bachelor’s and Certificate • University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown Bachelor’s and Certificate • University of Pittsburgh at Titusville Bachelor’s in Business Management and Arts in Human Relations, Associate’s and Certificate A view of the Cathedral of Learning on Pitt’s campus.

References and notes
[1] "PA Higher/Adult Ed.: State-Related Universities". Pennsylvania Department of Education. April 3, 2008. http://www.pdehighered.state.pa.us/ higher/cwp/view.asp?A=6&Q=41016. Retrieved on 2008-07-06. [2] ^ "2008 NACUBO Endowment Study" (PDF). National Association of College and University Business Officers. 2009. http://www.nacubo.org/documents/ research/NES2008PublicTableAllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdf.

Commons Room in the Cathedral of Learning.

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University of Pittsburgh

View from the cloister in the Frick Fine Arts Building

Armenian Nationality Room

Austrian Nationality Room

Ukrainian Nationality Room

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University of Pittsburgh

Hungarian Nationality Room

Schenley Quadrangle

Frick Fine Arts Library [3] ^ "University of Pittsburgh Fact Book 2009" (PDF). University of Pittsburgh. 2009. http://www.ir.pitt.edu/factbook/

Mary Schenley Memorial Fountain in front of the Frick Fine Arts Building documents/fb09_016.pdf. Retrieved on 2009-02-05.

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[4] Upon joining the Commonwealth System drglance_3379_brief.php. Retrieved of Higher Education in 1966, the on 2008-07-15. University of Pittsburgh remained legally [5] ^ "NRC Rankings in Each of 41 Areas". a private entity and, in practice, retained Research-Doctorate Programs in the the freedom and individuality of a private United States: Continuity and Change. institution, both administratively and National Research Council. 1995. academically. It sets its own standards http://www.stat.tamu.edu/~jnewton/ for student admission and retention, nrc_rankings/nrc41.html. Retrieved on faculty, and teaching. Its assets remain 2009-01-02. in the hands of the corporation, its [6] "Best Graduate Schools: Medical: employees are employed by the University of Pittsburgh". USNews.com. corporation, and its affairs continue to 2008. http://gradbe governed by an independent Board of schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ Trustees.A In-state tuition is subsidized grad/med/items/04101. Retrieved on by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 2009-01-02. and, overall, the state provides [7] Alberts, Robert C. (1987). Pitt: The Story approximately 11% of its annual of the University of Pittsburgh operating budget.B The University of 1787–1987. University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh is categorized as a public Press. book One; p. 1. ISBN university in the Carnegie Foundation 0-8229-1150-7. ClassificationsC and is typically listed as http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ a public university in third party text/pageviewerD For simplification, Pitt publications. idx?c=pittmiscpubs;cc=pittmiscpubs;rgn=full%20tex sometimes refers to itself a "public [8] Alberts, Robert C. (1987). Pitt: The Story university". of the University of Pittsburgh A Alberts, Robert C. (1987). Pitt: The 1787–1987. University of Pittsburgh Story of the University of Pittsburgh Press. book One; p. 17. ISBN 1787–1987. University of Pittsburgh 0-8229-1150-7. Press. pp. 343. ISBN 0-8229-1150-7. http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/ text/pageviewert/text/pagevieweridx?c=pittmiscpubs&cc=pittmiscpubs&idno=00c501 idx?c=pittmiscpubs&cc=pittmiscpubs&idno=00c50130m&node=00c50130m%3A9&frm=frames [9] Alberts, Robert C. (1987). Pitt: The Story B "University of Pittsburgh Trustees of the University of Pittsburgh Approve 2008-09 Budget, Set 1787–1987. University of Pittsburgh Tuition Rates". University of Press. book One; p. 63. ISBN Pittsburgh: News From Pitt. 0-8229-1150-7. 08-07-11. http://www.news.pitt.edu/ http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ m/FMPro?-db=ma&-lay=a&text/pageviewerformat=d.html&id=3379&-Find. idx?c=pittmiscpubs&cc=pittmiscpubs&idno=00c501 Retrieved on 2008-07-15. [10] "The Top American Research Universities: 2006 Annual Report" (PDF). C "Classifications: University of TheCenter for Measuring University Pittsburgh-Main Campus". The Performance. 2006. 8 & 16. Carnegie Foundation for the http://mup.asu.edu/research2006.pdf. Advancement of Teaching. Retrieved on 2008-04-03. http://www.carnegiefoundation.org/ [11] ^ "America’s Best Colleges 2007". U.S. classifications/ News & World Report. 2007. sub.asp?key=748&subkey=16063&start=782. http://www.usnews.com/usnews/edu/ Retrieved on 2008-07-15. college/rankings/brief/ t1natudoc_brief.php. Retrieved on D "America’s Best Colleges 2008: 2007-06-18. University of Pittsburgh: At a [12] "The Complete List: The Top 100 Global glance". USNews.com. Universities". Newsweek. 2006-08-10. http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/ usnews/edu/college/directory/brief/

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14321230/site/newsweek/. Retrieved on http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ 2007-06-18. text/pageviewer[13] Top 100 World Universities idx?c=pittmiscpubs&cc=pittmiscpubs&idno=00c501 [14] THES Top 520 World Universities Retrieved on 2008-04-28. [15] 2006 Pitt Chancellor Report [24] Dahlinger, Charles W. "Rev. John Taylor: [16] "University Times". the first rector of Trinity Episcopal http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/u/FMPro?Church of Pittsburgh and his db=ustory&-format=d.html&-lay=a&commonplace book". p. 10. sortfield=issueid%3a%3aissuedate&http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ sortorder=descend&keywords=NIH&text/pageviewermax=50&-recid=38849&-find=. idx?c=pitttext;cc=pitttext;q1=pittsburgh%20academ Retrieved on 2007-10-31. Retrieved on 2008-04-28. [17] Alberts, Robert C. (1987). Pitt: The Story [25] "Pitt History — 1893: William Hunter of the University of Pittsburgh Dammond". University of Pittsburgh. 1787–1987. University of Pittsburgh http://www.pitt.edu/history/1893.html. Press. book One; p. 210. ISBN Retrieved on 2008-04-28. 0-8229-1150-7. [26] "Pitt History — 1898: Margaret and http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ Stella Stein". University of Pittsburgh. text/pageviewerhttp://www.pitt.edu/history/1898.html. idx?c=pittmiscpubs;cc=pittmiscpubs;rgn=full%20text;idno=00c50130m;didno=00c50130m;view=im Retrieved on 2008-04-28. [18] Alberts, Robert C. (1987). Pitt: The Story [27] "Pitt History — 1906: Reginald of the University of Pittsburgh Fessenden". University of Pittsburgh. 1787–1987. University of Pittsburgh http://www.pitt.edu/history/1906.html. Press. Appendix A; p. 453. ISBN Retrieved on 2008-04-28. 0-8229-1150-7. [28] "The Owl". Western University of http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ Pennsylvania. p. 10. text/pageviewerhttp://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ idx?c=pittmiscpubs&cc=pittmiscpubs&idno=00c50130m&node=00c50130m%3A51&frm=frameset& text/pageviewer[19] Killikelly, Sarah H. (1906). The history of idx?c=pittyearbooks;cc=pittyearbooks;rgn=full%20t Pittsburgh: its rise and progress. Retrieved on 2008-04-28. Pittsburgh, PA: B.C. & Gordon [29] Alberts, Robert C (1986). Pitt: the story Montgomery Co.. pp. 269. of the University of Pittsburgh, http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ 1787–1987. University of Pittsburgh text/pageviewerPress. pp. 60–61. ISBN 0-8229-1150-7. idx?c=pitttext&cc=pitttext&idno=00adc8925m&q1=pittsburgh+academy&frm=frameset&view=ima http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ [20] Starrett, Agnes Lynch (1937). Through text/pageviewerone hundred and fifty years: the idx?c=pittmiscpubs;cc=pittmiscpubs;rgn=full%20tex University of Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh, PA: [30] "Remembering Polio: Celebrating the University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 26. 50th Anniversary of the Salk Polio http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ Vaccine". University of Pittsburgh. text/pageviewerhttp://www.polio.pitt.edu/. Retrieved on idx?c=pittmiscpubs&cc=pittmiscpubs&xc=1&idno=00afj8718m&g=documentingpitt&xg=1&q1=hop 2008-04-28. [21] ^ "The Owl". Western University of [31] "The Shot Heard ’Round the World". Pennsylvania. 1909. p. 9. University of Pittsburgh School of http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ Pharmacy. text/pageviewerhttp://museum.pharmacy.pitt.edu/salk/. idx?c=pittyearbooks;cc=pittyearbooks;rgn=full%20text;idno=1909e49702;didno=1909e49702;view= Retrieved on 2008-04-28. Retrieved on 2008-04-28. [32] "Pitt Ranked 4th Among Public [22] ^ "The Owl". University of Pittsburgh. Universities, 10th Among All U.S. 1910. p. 7. http://digital.library.pitt.edu/ Colleges and Universities With cgi-bin/t/text/pageviewerEndowments in Excess of $1 Billion in idx?c=pittyearbooks;cc=pittyearbooks;rgn=full%20text;idno=1910e49702;didno=1910e49702;view= The FY 2006 Percentage Increase in Its Retrieved on 2008-04-28. Endowment". University of Pittsburgh. [23] ^ Alberts, Robert C. "Pitt: the story of 2007-01-24. http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/ the University of Pittsburgh, m/FMPro?-db=ma&-lay=a&1787–1987". format=d.html&id=2788&-Find.

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[33] "Pitt Giving: Office of Institutional bah/DOH/ Advancement". University of Pittsburgh. markerresults.asp?secid=31&namesearch=Alleghen http://www.giveto.pitt.edu/. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-04-28. 2008-04-28. [42] "Forbes Field". Search for Historical [34] "University of Pittsburgh Announces Markers. PHMC. 12-Year Facilities Plan To Support http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/bah/DOH/ Programmatic Direction". University of markerresults.asp?secid=31&namesearch=Forbes+F Pittsburgh. 2007-05-17. Retrieved on 2008-04-28. http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/m/FMPro?[43] "Salk Polio Vaccine". Search for db=ma&-lay=a&Historical Markers. PHMC. format=d.html&id=2929&-Find. http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/bah/DOH/ Retrieved on 2007-06-21. markerresults.asp?secid=31&namesearch=Salk+Pol [35] "2007 NACUBO Endowment Study" Retrieved on 2008-04-28. (PDF). National Association of College [44] "Stephen C. Foster Memorial". Search and University Business Officers. 2008. for Historical Markers. PHMC. http://www.nacubo.org/Images/ http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/bah/DOH/ All%20Institutions%20Listed%20by%20FY%202007%20Market%20Value%20of%20Endowment%20A markerresults.asp?secid=31&namesearch=Stephen+ [36] ^ "PENNSYLVANIA — Allegheny County Retrieved on 2008-04-28. — Historic Districts". National Register [45] "V.F.W". Search for Historical Markers. of Historic Places. PHMC. http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/ http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/bah/DOH/ PA/Allegheny/districts.html. Retrieved on markerresults.asp?secid=31&namesearch=V.F.W.&S 2008-04-28. Retrieved on 2008-04-28. [37] Steele, Bruce (October 24, 2002). [46] "University of Pittsburgh". Search for ""Weighing in on Pitt’s eclectic Historical Markers. PHMC. architecture"". University Times. http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/bah/DOH/ University of Pittsburgh. markerresults.asp?secid=31&namesearch=Universit http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/u/FMPro?Retrieved on 2008-04-28. db=ustory&-format=d.html&-lay=a&[47] "Meadowcroft Rockshelter". Search for sortfield=issueid%3a%3aissuedate&Historical Markers. PHMC. sortorder=descend&keywords=acropolis&http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/bah/DOH/ max=50&-recid=34374&-find=. markerresults.asp?secid=31&namesearch=Meadowc Retrieved on 2008-04-28. Retrieved on 2008-04-28. [38] "PGMS Green Star Awards: Urban [48] "Internet Archive: Pittsburgh History and University Grounds: University of Landmarks Foundation: PHLF Plaques & Pittsburgh". Professional Grounds Registries". 2007-01-27. Management Society. 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/ http://www.pgms.org/2007greenstar/ 20070127092030/http://www.phlf.org/ category14a.htm. Retrieved on plaques/locallist.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-13. 2008-02-25. [39] "PGMS News - PGMS Salutes Grounds [49] "Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Management Excellence; College and Foundation announces Historic Building University Grounds Lead the Way". and Landscape Designations". Professional Grounds Management 2007-06-27. http://www.phlf.org/2007/ Society. 2003. http://www.pgms.org/ 06/27/pittsburgh-history-landmarkspgmsnews/2003pgmsgreenstars.htm. foundation-announces-historic-buildingRetrieved on 2008-08-13. and-landscape-designations/. Retrieved [40] "PENNSYLVANIA — Allegheny County". on 2008-02-25. National Register of Historic Places. [50] Sajna, Mike (January 23, 1997). http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/""Hearing set on historic landmark pa/Allegheny/state.html. Retrieved on nomination for two Pitt buildings"". 2008-04-28. University Times. University of [41] "Allegheny Observatory". Search for Pittsburgh. http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/u/ Historical Markers. Pennsylvania FMPro?-db=ustory&-format=d.html&Historical and Museum Commission lay=a&(PHMC). http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/ sortfield=issueid%3a%3aissuedate&-

25

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

University of Pittsburgh

sortorder=descend&keywords=bellefield%20hall&University of Pittsburgh: News From max=50&-recid=38544&-find=. Pitt. 2008-08-06. Retrieved on 2008-04-28. http://www.news.pitt.edu/m/FMPro?[51] "The Pymatuning Laboratory of Ecology". db=ma&-lay=a&University of Pittsburgh, The format=d.html&id=3393&-Find. Department of Biological Sciences. 20 Retrieved on 2008-08-06. February 2008. http://www.pitt.edu/ [60] ^ "The 2006 Report of Chancellor Mark ~biohome/Dept/Frame/ A. Nordenberg" (PDF, 22 MB). University pymatuninglabs.htm. Retrieved on of Pittsburgh. June 23, 2006. 2008-04-28. http://www.umc.pitt.edu/chancellor/ [52] "Pitt Honors College Receives publications/2006ChancellorReport.pdf. 4,700 acres (19 km2) of Wyoming Land Retrieved on 2008-04-29. Teeming With Dinosaur Fossils". Pitt [61] "University Center for International Chronicle. University of Pittsburgh. Studies (UCIS)". University of 2006-01-30. Pittsburgh. http://www.ucis.pitt.edu/ http://www.chronicle.pitt.edu/media/ main/. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. pcc060130/ [62] ^ Gill, Cindy (Fall 2007). ""The Company land_donation_main_2006JAN30.html. We Keep"". Pitt. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved on 2008-04-30. http://www.pittmag.pitt.edu/fall2007/ [53] Collins, Mark; Cara J. Hayden. ""Go feature1.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. West"". Pitt. University of Pittsburgh. [63] ""Chinese Ministry of Education Awards http://www.umc.pitt.edu/pittmag/ University of Pittsburgh First Confucius fall2006/feature1.html. Retrieved on Institute in Pennsylvania"". News from 2008-04-28. Pitt. University of Pittsburgh. August 1, [54] ^ UMPC Media Relations (2008-07-11). 2007. http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/m/ UPMC Named to U.S. News & World FMPro?-db=ma&-lay=a&Report Honor Roll of America’s Best format=d.html&id=2976&-Find. Hospitals for the Ninth Time. Press Retrieved on 2008-04-29. release. http://www.upmc.com/ [64] "Confucius Institute at the University of MediaRelations/NewsReleases/2008/ Pittsburgh". University of Pittsburgh. Pages/US-News-08.aspx. Retrieved on http://www.ucis.pitt.edu/cipitt/. 2009-03-14. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [55] "The Panther". Pittsburgh Panthers. [65] ^ "About UCIS". University of http://pittsburghpanthers.cstv.com/trads/ Pittsburgh. 2006-08-31. pitt-trads-mascot.html. Retrieved on http://www.ucis.pitt.edu/main/ 2008-04-28. about.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [56] Alberts, Robert C. (1987). Pitt: The Story [66] "Study Abroad Office". University of of the University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh. 3 May 2007. 1787–1987. University of Pittsburgh http://www.abroad.pitt.edu/. Retrieved Press. book One; p. 17. ISBN on 2008-04-29. 0-8229-1150-7. [67] "about nationality rooms". University of http://digital.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/t/ Pittsburgh. http://www.pitt.edu/ text/pageviewer%7enatrooms/pages/about_nr.html. idx?c=pittmiscpubs&cc=pittmiscpubs&idno=00c50130m&node=00c50130m%3A8&frm=frameset&v Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [57] ^ "Undergraduate Research". University [68] "The Center for Measuring University of Pittsburgh. http://www.pitt.edu/~UGR/ Performance". http://mup.asu.edu/. index.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [58] "Outside the Classroom Curriculum: [69] "The Top American Research Your Pitt Pathway". University of Universities". The Center for Measuring Pittsburgh. http://www.occ.pitt.edu/ University Performance. 2007. index.html. Retrieved on 2009-02-11. http://mup.asu.edu/research.html. [59] "Pitt to Offer Students Opportunity to Retrieved on 2008-04-29. Develop Professional Skills Through [70] "Rankings for 100 Best Values in Public Extracurricular Experiences in a New Colleges". Kiplinger.com. 2008. Program: Outside the Classroom http://www.kiplinger.com/tools/colleges/ Curriculum to be implemented this fall".

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pubcollege.php#9336. Retrieved on 2008-12-16. [71] "The Complete List: The Top 100 Global Universities". Newsweek. 2006-08-10. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/ 14321230/site/newsweek/print/1/ displaymode/1098/. Retrieved on 2007-06-18. [72] "Top 500 World Universities (1–100)". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2006. http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/rank/2006/ ARWU2006_Top100.htm. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [73] "Pitt Advances in Global Higher Ed Ranking". Pitt Chronicle. University of Pittsburgh. 26 November 2007. http://www.chronicle.pitt.edu/?p=1043. Retrieved on 2008-04-30. [74] Leiter, Brian (10 November 2006). "Welcome to the 2006–2008 Philosophical Gourmet Report". http://www.philosophicalgourmet.com/. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [75] Newton, H. J. "Philosophy". NRC Rankings in each of the 41 Areas. Texas A&M University. http://www.stat.tamu.edu/~jnewton/ nrc_rankings/nrc41.html#area9. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [76] Hart, Peter (2009-04-30). "U.S. News ranks graduate programs". University Times. http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/u/ FMPro?-db=ustory&-lay=a&format=d.html&storyid=8679&-Find. Retrieved on 2009=05-01. [77] "University of Pittsburgh Professor Wins Sloan Industry Studies Best Book Award". Joseph M. Katz Graduate School of Business Press Release. May 16, 2007. http://www.katz.pitt.edu/news/ 013007.html. Retrieved on 2007-07-11. [78] Leiter, Brian (September 1, 2007). "Top 35 Law Faculties Based on Scholarly Impact, 2007". http://www.leiterrankings.com/faculty/ 2007faculty_impact.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [79] "Law School 100 -- Ranking the Best Law Schools in the United States". LawTV. 2009. http://www.lawschool100.com/. Retrieved on 2009-04-28. [80] "The Princeton Review: University of Pittsburgh School of Law". The Princeton Review. 2009. http://www.princetonreview.com/

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UniversityofPittsburghSchoolofLaw.aspx. Retrieved on 2009-04-28. [81] "Rankings - Best Law Schools". 2009. http://gradschools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ best-graduate-schools/top-law-schools/ rankings/page+3. Retrieved on 2009-04-28. [82] "PRELAW HANDBOOK - Law School Rankings: 2000-present". Prelaw Handbook. 2009. http://www.prelawhandbook.com/ law_school_rankings__2000_present. Retrieved on 2009-04-28. [83] "RFID Lowdown, the on-line RFID new publication RFID Lowdown". 2007. http://www.rfidlowdown.com/2005/10/ pitt_created_rf_3.html. Retrieved on 2007-07-01. [84] Barlow, Kimberly K (2008-04-03). "Pitt students win Truman, Goldwater scholarships". University Times. http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/u/FMPro?db=ustory&-lay=a&format=d.html&storyid=8045&-Find. Retrieved on 2008-04-04. [85] White, Patricia Lomando (2009-02-16). "Pitt Honors College’s Katherine MacCord Wins Gates Cambridge Scholarship". Pitt Chronicle. http://www.chronicle.pitt.edu/?p=2147. Retrieved on 2009-02-16. [86] "3 recognized in Goldwater competition". University Times. 2009-04-02. http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/u/FMPro?db=ustory&-lay=a&format=d.html&storyid=8616&-Find. Retrieved on 2009-04-05. [87] ^ "For Second Year Straight, Pitt Student Named Rhodes Scholar". News from Pitt. University of Pittsburgh. November 19, 2006. http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/m/FMPro?db=ma&-format=d.html&-lay=a&sortfield=date&sortorder=descend&keywords=Rhodes&max=50&-recid=36894&-find=. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [88] Britt, Ronda (Auguest 2008). "Universities report continued decline in real federal S&E R&D funding in FY 2007" (PDF). InfoBriefs: Science Resources Statistics. National Science Foundation. 3, TABLE 4. http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/infbrief/

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nsf08320/nsf08320.pdf. Retrieved on max=50&-recid=36771&-find=. 2008-10-23. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [89] Hart, Peter (2008-10-23). "NSF funding: [97] News From Pitt, University of Pittsburgh Where Pitt stands". University Times. (2009-02-18). Chancellor Mark A. Nordenberg Issues a University Update University of Pittsburgh. on the Economy and Our Community. http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/u/FMPro?Press release. http://www.news.pitt.edu/ db=ustory&-lay=a&m/FMPro?-db=ma&-lay=a&format=d.html&storyid=8355&-Find. format=d.html&id=3610&-Find. Retrieved on 2008-10-23. Retrieved on 2009-02-21. [90] Bennof, Richard (October 2008). [98] Nordenberg, Mark (2008). "The 2008 "Federal S&E obligations to academic Report of Chancellor Mark A. institutions reach new highs in FY 2006 Nordenberg". University of Pittsburgh. but fail to keep up with inflation" (PDF). 20. http://www.chancellor.pitt.edu/ InfoBrief Science Resource Statistics. publications/2008-Annual-Report.pdf. National Science Foundation. 3. [99] "The Association of University http://nsf.gov/statistics/infbrief/nsf08316/ Technology Managers (AUTM)". nsf08316.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. http://www.autm.net/index.cfm. [91] "Pitt Is Ranked Among the Top 10 U.S. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. University Recipients of Federal [100]Community Citizenship". University of " Research and Development Obligations". Pittsburgh Medical Center. News From Pitt. University of http://www.upmc.com/AboutUPMC/ Pittsburgh. October 20, 2008. AUHome/CommunityCitizenship/. http://www.news.pitt.edu/m/FMPro?Retrieved on 2008-04-29. db=ma&-lay=a&[101]"University ranks high in Peace Corps " format=d.html&id=3479&-Find. volunteers"". University Times. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. University of Pittsburgh. January 25, [92] Huang, Mu-Hsang. "2007 Performance 2007. http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/u/ Ranking of Scientific Papers for World FMPro?-db=ustory&-format=d.html&Universities". HIgher Education lay=a&Evaluation & Accreditation Council of sortfield=issueid%3a%3aissuedate&Taiwan. http://www.heeact.edu.tw/ sortorder=descend&keywords=peace%20corps&ranking/EngTop100.htm. Retrieved on max=50&-recid=39055&-find=. 2008-07-06. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [93] "????????????2007 ??500?+?????". [102]Peace Corps Top Colleges and " Wuhan University. Universities 2008" (PDF). Peace Corps. http://rccse.whu.edu.cn/college/ September 30, 2007. sjdxkyjzl.htm. Retrieved on 2008-07-06. http://www.peacecorps.gov/multimedia/ [94] ""Pitt No. 6 in NIH funding"". University pdf/stats/schools2008.pdf. Retrieved on Times. University of Pittsburgh. January 2008-04-29. 24, 2008. http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/u/ [103] ebster, Henry Clay (2008-01-17). ""Pitt W FMPro?-db=ustory&-lay=a&up in Peace Corps rankings"". The Pitt format=d.html&storyid=7904&-Find. News. http://media.www.pittnews.com/ Retrieved on 2008-04-29. media/storage/paper879/news/2008/01/ [95] "Best Hospitals 2006". U.S. News & 17/News/PittWorld Report. http://health.usnews.com/ Up.In.Peace.Corps.Rankings-3155248.shtml. usnews/health/best-hospitals/ Retrieved on 2008-04-29. honorroll.htm. Retrieved on 2007-06-19. [104] ’Brien, Jim (editor) (1982). Hail to Pitt: O [96] ""University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie A Sports History of the University of Mellon University Listed Among Nation’s Pittsburgh. Wolfson Publishing Co. 25 “Best-Neighbor” Urban Colleges and pp. 62. ISBN 0-916114-08-2. Universities"". News from Pitt. [105]Pitt Athletics". PittsburghPanthers.com. " University of Pittsburgh. August 24, http://www.cstv.com/auto_pdf/s_chools/ 2006. http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/m/ pitt/datadump/sports/football/ FMPro?-db=ma&-format=d.html&mediaguide/2005/panther_history. lay=a&-sortfield=date&Retrieved on 2008-04-29. sortorder=descend&keywords=best%20neighbor&-

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[106]TRACK & FIELD/CROSS COUNTRY" " (PDF). University of Pittsburgh. http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/pitt/ sports/m-track/auto_pdf/06-07-mgpart1.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [107]PITT Wrestling Media Guide " 2006–2007" (PDF). University of Pittsburgh. http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/ schools/pitt/sports/m-wrestl/auto_pdf/ 0607_media_guide.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [108]Volleyball Releases 2007 Schedule". " June 21, 2007. http://pittsburghpanthers.cstv.com/ sports/w-volley/spec-rel/062107aaa.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [109]2006 Pitt Volleyball Media Guide" " (PDF). University of Pittsburgh. http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/pitt/ sports/w-volley/auto_pdf/06-mediaguide.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [110]PITT Gymnastics Media Guide 2007" " (PDF). University of Pittsburgh. http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/pitt/ sports/w-gym/auto_pdf/0607-mediaguide.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [111]Pitt Baseball Media Guide 2006" (PDF). " University of Pittsburgh. http://grfx.cstv.com/photos/schools/pitt/ sports/m-basebl/auto_pdf/Pitt-Baseballmguide.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [112]Spirit Groups". Traditions. " PittsburghPanthers.com. http://pittsburghpanthers.cstv.com/trads/ pitt-trads-spirit.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [113]Cheer and Dance Finish in Top 20 in " Respective Competitions". Pitt Athletics. PittsburghPanthers.com. 2007. http://pittsburghpanthers.cstv.com/ genrel/042307aac.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [114]The Legacy Gallery". University of " Pittsburgh. 2007-11-20. http://www.umc.pitt.edu/gallery/. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [115] urran, Ann. ""Strictly Bill"". Pittsburgh. C http://www.wqed.org/mag/features/0108/ strickland.php. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [116] iller, Alexis (2002-09-06). "Turning up M the heat". The Pitt News. http://media.www.pittnews.com/media/ storage/paper879/news/2002/09/06/ News/

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Turning.Up.The.Heat-1796099.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-05-01. [117] "Internet Archive: The Panther Pitt: ^ Pitt Traditions". 2006-08-20. http://web.archive.org/web/ 20060822113321/www.pitt.edu/ AFShome/s/o/sorc/public/html/thepitt/ traditions.htm. Retrieved on 2008-05-01. [118]"Don’t miss the Bigelow Bash" " (editorial)". The Pitt News. 2002-08-05. http://pittnews.com/2.2192/1.251848. Retrieved on 2008-12-17. [119] heatham, Simone (2008-10-06). C "Students celebrate Fall Fest". The Pitt News. http://pittnews.com/news/ 1.771629. Retrieved on 2008-12-17. [120] pcoming events: Pitt Students - Make U Your Heinz Field Standard/Claim Your Grill Night (Aug 27), Pittsburghpanthers.com; accessdate 2008-08-24 [121]Campus tour map" (PDF). University of " Pittsburgh. http://www.pitt.edu/ commencement/visitors/ campus_tour.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [122] ruttenden, Jamie. "University of C Pittsburgh (Off the Record)". College Prowler. p. 6. http://books.google.com/ books?id=VLU2z9ic3n0C&pg=PA6&lpg=PA6&dq=u Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [123] opley, Chris M. "University of C Pittsburgh". Teen Ink. http://www.teenink.com/College/ article.php?link=Past/2007/April/ 21186.xml. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [124] ojcichowski, Leigh Ann (February 21, W 2005). "“Edeke Has It!”". Pitt Chronicle. University of Pittsburgh. http://www.chronicle.pitt.edu/media/ pcc050221/BHMseries_EDEKE.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [125] itt Homecoming 2004 laser/ P fireworks............ part 4 of 4. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: YouTube. 2004. http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=7n7TbrP1rfg. Retrieved on 2008-07-13. [126]Homecoming 2007". University of " Pittsburgh. 2007-09-29. http://www.pitt.edu/homecoming.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-01. [127] olantz, Katelyn (2006-10-20). P "Homecoming events include fireworks, lasers". The Pitt News. http://media.www.pittnews.com/media/

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storage/paper879/news/2006/10/20/ Opinions/ News/ Homecoming.Must.Be.Preserved-1796200.shtml. Homecoming.Events.Include.Fireworks.Lasers-2378818.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. Retrieved on 2008-05-01. [138]"Secrets of the Cathedral: Starting at " [128]Documenting Pitt: Honors Convocation " the top"". University Times. University of Programs". University of Pittsburgh. Pittsburgh. September 11, 2003. 2007. http://digital.library.pitt.edu/d/ http://mac10.umc.pitt.edu/u/FMPro?documentingpitt/honors.html. Retrieved db=ustory&-format=d.html&-lay=a&on 2009-01-19. sortfield=issueid%3a%3aissuedate&[129]Honors Convocation". University of " sortorder=descend&keywords=victory%20lights&Pittsburgh. 2007. http://www.pitt.edu/ max=50&-recid=33344&-find=. convocation/index.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-04-29. 2008-04-29. [139] iller, Brenda (2004-03-30). "E-Week’s M [130]Rites of Passage". The History of " 50th Anniversary". The Pitt News. Women at Pitt. University of Pittsburgh. http://media.www.pittnews.com/media/ 2003. http://www.provost.pitt.edu/ storage/paper879/news/2004/03/30/ whistory/passage/passage.html#. News/ Retrieved on 2008-04-29. EWeeks.50th.Anniversary-1789965.shtml. [131] ogel, Jessica. "Lantern, Panther F Retrieved on 2008-04-29. Ceremonies Set for Sunday". Pitt [140]Pitt’s School of Engineering Holds 50th " Campaign Chronicle. University of Annual E-Week March 18–26: Pittopoly, Pittsburgh. Duct Tape Challenge, and Soap Box http://www.chronicle.pitt.edu/media/ Derby part of this year’s festivities". pcc020822/lanternpanther.html. Swanson School of Engineering, Retrieved on 2008-04-29. University of Pittsburgh. March 19, [132]Pitt Honors College Senior Greg Heller" 2004. http://www.engr.pitt.edu/news/ LaBelle Named 2006 Omicron Delta article_view.php?id=1649. Retrieved on Kappa Senior of the Year". University 2008-04-29. Honors College. University of Pittsburgh. [141]Panther Greeks". " March 16, 2006. http://www.gogreek.pitt.edu/ http://www.honorscollege.pitt.edu/newspublications.html. Retrieved on events/news-archive/odk.html. Retrieved 2008-04-29. on 2008-04-29. [142]PITT ARTS". University of Pittsburgh. " [133]Student Traditions". University of " 2008-04-09. http://www.pitt.edu/ Pittsburgh. http://www.alumni.pitt.edu/ ~pittarts/. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. impact/trad-right.html. Retrieved on [143]PITT ARTS Reaches More Than 32,000 " 2008-04-29. Participants This Year". News From Pitt. [134]Pitt Alumn Association: Traditions: " University of Pittsburgh. April 24, 2008. When You Wish Upon a Panther". http://www.news.pitt.edu/m/FMPro?University of Pittsburgh. 2008-06-30. db=ma&-lay=a&http://www.alumni.pitt.edu/traditions/ format=d.html&id=3327&-Find. #wish. Retrieved on 2008-08-15. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [135]University of Pittsburgh Jazz Seminar & " [144]University of Pittsburgh Department of " Concert". Jazz at Pitt. University of Theatre Arts". http://www.play.pitt.edu/. Pittsburgh. http://www.pitt.edu/ Retrieved on 2008-06-08. ~pittjazz/seminar.html. Retrieved on [145]Kuntu Repertory Theatre". " 2008-04-29. http://www.kuntu.org/. Retrieved on [136]The Varsity Walk". Traditions. " 2008-04-29. PittsburghPanthers.com. [146]Redeye Theatre Project". 17 february " http://pittsburghpanthers.cstv.com/trads/ 2008. http://www.pitt.edu/~sorc/rtp. pitt-trads-walk.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-04-29. 2008-04-29. [147]Pitt Men’s Glee Club". " [137]"Homecoming must be preserved" " http://www.pittmensgleeclub.org/. (editorial)". The Pitt News. 2002-09-18. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. http://media.www.pittnews.com/media/ [148]Heinz Chapel Choir". University of " storage/paper879/news/2002/09/18/ Pittsburgh. http://www.pitt.edu/

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

University of Pittsburgh

~heinzcc/index.html. Retrieved on [162]Quo Vadis". University of Pittsburgh. " 2008-04-29. http://www.sorc.pitt.edu/ [149]Department of Music: Women’s Choral " orgSearch.asp?ID=183&search=type&orgTypePick= Ensemble". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. http://www.music.pitt.edu/performance/ [163]University of Pittsburgh Mock Trial". " womensChoral.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-06. 2008-06-08. http://www.pittmocktrial.org/Site/ [150]Department of Music: The University " Welcome.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. Orchestra". University of Pittsburgh. [164]Pitt Honors College Mock Trial Team " http://www.music.pitt.edu/performance/ Places Fifth in American Mock Trial orchestra.html. Retrieved on Association National Competition". News 2008-06-08. From Pitt. University of Pittsburgh. April [151]Pittsburgh Jazz Ensemble". Jazz at Pitt. " 23, 2008. http://www.news.pitt.edu/m/ University of Pittsburgh. FMPro?-db=ma&-lay=a&http://www.pitt.edu/~pittjazz/ format=d.html&id=3323&-Find. ensemble.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-04-29. 2008-04-29. [165]Results from Previous National Debate " [152]Department of Music: African Music " Tournament, 1977-1986" (PDF). and dance". University of Pittsburgh. http://groups.wfu.edu/NDT/Results/ http://www.music.pitt.edu/performance/ NDT%20results%201977-1986%20(31-40).pdf. africanDrumming.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-02-28. 2008-06-08. [166]National Debate Tournament " [153] itt Political Review, P Participating Schools, 1947–2006". Wake accessdate=2009-02-17 Forest University. http://groups.wfu.edu/ [154] he Original, accessdate=2009-02-27 T NDT/HistoricalLists/particip.html. [155] niversity of Pittsburgh Freshman U Retrieved on 2008-02-28. Prospectus, University of Pittsburgh [167]William Pitt Debating Union". " Office of Admissions and Financial Aid, Department of Communication, Univ. of 2009, pg. 30, accessdate=2009-02-16 Pittsburgh. 2008-04-02. [156]Pitt Program Council". University of " http://www.comm.pitt.edu/debate/ Pittsburgh. index.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. http://www.pittprogramcouncil.com. [168]Panther Greek Awards". " Retrieved on 2009-01-12. http://www.gogreek.pitt.edu/ [157]University of Pittsburgh Graduate and " awards.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. Professional Student Association". University of Pittsburgh. http://www.pittgpsa.org. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. [158]University of Pittsburgh Student " Government Board". University of Pittsburgh. http://www.pitt.edu/~sgb. Retrieved on 2008-07-28. Heinz [159]Blue and Gold Society". University of " Hillman Log Cabin Cathedral Chapel Pittsburgh. 2006-01-23. Library and Dippy of Learning http://www.pitt.edu/~bluegold/. from SolRetrieved on 2008-04-29. diers & [160]Oakland Zoo Club". University of " Sailors Pittsburgh. 2008-07-16. http://www.sorc.pitt.edu/ orgSearch.asp?ID=715&search=name&nameSearch=Zoo. Retrieved on 2008-10-13. The [161]Pitt Pathfinders". University of " bridge Pittsburgh. Inside the over http://www.pathfinders.pitt.edu/ Union Forbes default.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-29. Avenue

Pittsburgh Campus Gallery

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Cathedral and Alumni Hall Cathedral of Learning

University of Pittsburgh
Looking out Arts Schenley the window Building Park of the English Nationality Room main business district) and Oakland Avenue

Petersen Forbes Events Allegheny Quadrangle Allen Hall Observatory Center • University of Pittsburgh official website with • Pittsburgh Panthers intercollegiate Scaife athletics official website Hall reFurther reading: flected • Documenting Pitt – digital University in its archive glass • List of University and student publications Coordinates: 40°26′40″N 79°57′12″W / 40.444565°N 79.953274°W / 40.444565; -79.953274 Thaw Hall The Pete’s Panther Cathedral eyes the Lilly Court of Learning towards Cathedral viewed Heinz from the Chapel William Pitt Union

External links

Frick Fine

Panther Hollow Lake in

Intersection of Forbes Avenue (the

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Pittsburgh" Categories: Universities and colleges in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Association of American Universities, Big East Conference, East Atlantic Gymnastics League, 1787 establishments, Commonwealth System of Higher Education, Gothic Revival architecture in the United States, Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, University of Pittsburgh, Educational institutions established in the 1780s, Urban 13 universities, Oak Ridge Associated Universities This page was last modified on 24 May 2009, at 21:07 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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