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					                                                     2nd EU-Africa Business Forum: 21 - 22 June 2007, Accra, Ghana
WORKING GROUP: Trade
Overall Goals                                     Encourage regional African market integration (intra- and inter-regional trade)
                RECOMMENDATION                             PUBLIC SECTOR RESPONSIBILITY                     PRIVATE SECTOR RESPONSIBILITY             PROGRESS INDICATOR      TIMEFRAME/CONCLUSION



                                                                                                                                                                           End 2008
                                                • Agreeing, developing and enforcing relevant
                                                enabling laws, regulations and protocols, and
                                                                                                      Regional communities and national
                                                in particular: establish transparency of
                                                                                                      governments to reduce border delays by
                                                procedures and regulations; set up transit rules
                                                                                                      50% in average. Private sector to monitor
                                                and benchmarks as well as fines for countries
                                                                                                      the progress.
                                                that cause transit problems; harmonise trade
                                                                                                      AU to assist as appropriate.
                                                procedures; facilitate regional customs
                                                cooperation; eliminate or minimise fees and
                                                charges; enable legal recourse for appeal of
                                                customs decisions; establish single
                                                administrative windows for documentation
The four African EPA regions must deepen        formalities; simplify procedures for the
their regional markets to create more trade and clearance of goods. Close coordination with
                                                                                                                                                                           End 2008
investment opportunities through improved       WTO negotiations and rules is essential.
                                                                                                      National governments to set up training
trade-related governance                        • Developing capacity of law enforcement
                                                                                                      programmes for customs and police
                                                stakeholders in the trade chain and providing
                                                                                                      officials and to launch public awareness
                                                information on cross-border trade at posts of
                                                                                                      programmes. Private sector to monitor.
                                                entries and borders
                                                • Establishing SOLVIT-like systems or
                                                                                                      Regional communities to launch feasibility
                                                platforms of similar functionality to facilitate
                                                                                                      study with the support of the AU and in                              Mid-2008
                                                intra- and inter-regional trade
                                                                                                      consultation with private sector
                                                • Organisation and capacity of African private
                                                                                                      African business groups to form regional
                                                sector at regional and continental level must be
                                                                                                      platforms
                                                strengthened for better advocacy,
                                                representation and business capacity
                                                                                                                                                                           Mid-2008
                                                development



                                                  • Urgently conclude EPAs on terms ensuring                                                                               December 2007
                                                  that liberalisation contributes to development.
                                                  In order to ensure this, liberalisation should be
                                                  phased in as appropriate over a fifteen year        EU and regional communities
                                                  period. Essential goods required for                                                                                     September 2007
                                                  industrialisation as well as goods which
                                                  strengthen the competitiveness of African           African negotiators to ensure close
                                                  industries should be liberalised from the entry     consultation with African business, and
                                                                                                                                                                           September 2007
                                                  into force of the EPAs. Sensitive products          African business to make concrete
                                                  should be liberalised within a period of up to 15   proposals to identify priority and sensitive
                                                  years. Safeguard mechanisms could be                sectors.
With the EPAs, work towards effective             included in the EPAs to give the Parties the
liberalisation of goods and services with         option to deal on a temporary basis with
business support for asymmetrical trade           unforeseen surges in imports threaten local
liberalisation between EU and Africa              producers.
                                                  • Include clear and achievable rules of origin      EU and regional communities
                                                                                                                                                                           December 2007
                                                  that facilitate trade and investment
                                                  • With aid for trade, support African exporters     Donors, regional communities and
                                                  in meeting SPS, TBT regulations/standards           national authorities to conduct needs
                                                                                                                                                                           10th EDF programming
                                                  (including infrastructures such as laboratories,    assessments involving private sector.
                                                  conditioning centres, etc) and develop trade-
                                                  related infrastructure                              Set up or consolidate business networks
                                                  • Organise private sector in Africa in order to     in each region
                                                  identify specific non tariff barriers (NTBs),
                                                  gather information and delivery effectiveness                                                                            Mid-2008
                                                  of taxation policies and trade-facilitation
                                                  programmes
                                                  • EPA rules for investment should include right                                                                          December 2007
                                                  of establishment, national treatment, non-
                                                                                                      EU and regional communities
                                                  discrimination and address the
                                                  incentives/disincentives for investment and
                                                                                                      Regional communities to identify, in
                                                  include bilateral dispute settlement.
Create the conditions to increase investments                                                         collaboration with the AU, strategic priority
                                                  • African regions should establish pro-                                                                                  Mid-2008
generating local added value in Africa through                                                        areas in consultation with private sector
                                                  competitive service market regulations in
harmonised legislative and regulatory
                                                  development priority sectors
frameworks and better governance                                                                      National governments to review current
                                                  • African countries should establish or
                                                                                                      situation in close cooperation with private
                                                  strengthen the capacities of investment
                                                                                                      sector and with assistance of the AU
                                                  promotion agencies to assist investors in
                                                  meeting administrative requirements                                                                                      Mid-2008
                               2nd EU-Africa Business Forum: 21 - 22 June 2007, Accra, Ghana
WORKING GROUP: ICT Interconnectivity
                                               Open and competitive markets for ICT

Overall Goals                                  Bridge digital divide - ICT as driver for socio-economic growth & competitiveness
                                               Focus on local, implementable, wholistic projects with design for regional scalability
                                               Increase speed and flexibility for ICT and development
                RECOMMENDATION                          PUBLIC SECTOR RESPONSIBILITY                   PRIVATE SECTOR RESPONSIBILITY                 PROGRESS INDICATOR                   TIMEFRAME


                                               1) AU to identify network of training and
                                               education network (PPP) 2) EU and                  1) Provide content and resources for
                                               International Donors to fund + resource training   training (PPP) 2) Provide data and input      300 trainers trained,
Define and implement programme for
                                               & education. 2) Create an observatory for the      for observatory (PPP) 3) Co-chairs to         Establishment of               1 year
Institutional Capacity Building for ICT
                                               development of ICT to create indicators,           create steering committee and program         Observatory
                                               measure progress and share best practices          team
                                               (PPP)



                                                                                                  1) Select Pilot Countries 2) Engage Local     Number of jobs created with
                                               1) Local country to reinforce microfinance
                                                                                                  Operators 3) Training on Franchise            self-sustaining pilot
                                               institutions and fund with donors 2) Link to local
Rural Access Programme                                                                            Business Model 4) Industry to co-fund         franchises. Increase number 1 year
                                               regulatory framework 3) EU and International
                                                                                                  pilots (PPP) 5) Co-chairs to create           of people in rural
                                               Donors to fund pilots (PPP)
                                                                                                  steering committee and program team           communities with access.


                                               1) EU and AU to create awareness programme
                                                                                                  1) To provide content and resources for
Raise awareness of ICT for policy-makers and   on ICT and funding possibilities (series of                                                2 regional conferences on
                                                                                                  campaign 2) Regional conferences on ICT
ensure the provisioning of more funding for    seminars/demos/roadshows/workshops) 2)                                                     ICT and attendance of key            1 year
                                                                                                  themes (PPP) 3) Co-chairs to create
ICT                                            Organise regional conferences with ICT                                                     gov't officials
                                                                                                  steering committee and program team
                                               themes (PPP) with EU/AU/UNDP


                                               1) Ownership by African Union 2) Incentivise
                                                                                                  1) Continue to invest in technical capacity   50 schools connected now
                                               private sector with sustainable regional plan by
                                                                                                  2) Encourage open standards 3) Involve        in pilot, increasing to 2000
Roll out of NEPAD e-Schools project            AU 3) AU drive funding decision from EU and                                                                                     2-5 year
                                                                                                  local partners 4) Co-chairs to create         (1-2 years) but main target is
                                               International donors 4) Harmonise licensing for
                                                                                                  steering committee and program team           50,000 in 5 years
                                               radio frequencies across Africa
                                2nd EU-Africa Business Forum: 21 - 22 June 2007, Accra, Ghana
WORKING GROUP: Interconnectivity - Infrastructure
Overall Goals                                     Project prioritisation and assessment of appropriate financing structures
                                                  Infrastructure partnerships between European and African private sector
                                                  Project Sustainability over the project life-cycle (O&M)
                                                  Establish links between the Business Forum and the existing bodies (e.g. AU, NEPAD, ICA, etc.)
                RECOMMENDATION                             PUBLIC SECTOR RESPONSIBILITY                      PRIVATE SECTOR RESPONSIBILITY                 PROGRESS INDICATOR             TIMEFRAME/CONCLUSION


                                                  Partner countries must identify projects of
                                                                                                                                                                                       Consider a private sector
Prioritise infrastructure projects according to   paramount importance for regional integration
                                                                                                        Private sector should voice its views and Intesify the public-private          representative as observer in
their impact for regional integration and         and development potential; international
                                                                                                        give feedback through a formal procedure sector dialogue on project            the Steering Committee of the
development potential for the continent           donors can act as a "catalyst" in identifying
                                                                                                        into the consultation process             priorities                           EU-Afrika Partnership on
("Trans-African Networks")                        priorities with regard to regional /cross-border
                                                                                                                                                                                       Infrastructure
                                                  projects



                                                                                                                                                       1) Share experience with
                                                1) Partner countries and international donors           1) Private sector must adapt the
                                                                                                                                                       African countries and
                                                acknowledge the PPP concept as a tool for               experience gained on PPP projects                                              Create a structured dialogue
                                                                                                                                                       institutions
                                                moderinising infrastructure delivery and ensure         globally to the realities on the African                                       on PPP between the African
Define appropriate financing arrangements                                                                                                              2) Identify potential PPP
                                                the necessary framework; 2) Legitimate                  continent, since there is no "one-size-fits-                                   Union, the NEPAD
depending on the project's commercial viability                                                                                                        projects in the "classic
                                                concerns of stakeholders have to be                     all" approach;                                                                 Infrastructure Investment
and its potential to attract private finance                                                                                                           infrastructure" sector on the
                                                addressed; 3) African states should introduce           2) Private sector should identify projects                                     Facility and the European
                                                                                                                                                       African continent and enter
                                                adequate legislation for PPP, e.g. which allows         which would be interesting in terms of                                         infrastructure providers
                                                                                                                                                       into a structured discussion
                                                pension funds to invest in infrastructure               PPP in Africa
                                                                                                                                                       with other stakeholders




                                                                                                                                                     1) Strenghten the sectorial       1) Identify suitable forms of
                                                  1) Facilitate access to credit facilities and other
                                                                                                                                                     and/or regional dialogue          partnerships which foster a
                                                  means allowing African private contractors to         Establish joint ventures or other forms of
                                                                                                                                                     between European and              closer collaboration between
Involve the local private sector better than in   function effectively and develop their                partnerships between European and
                                                                                                                                                     African companies;                European and African
the past into the project cycle;                  operational skills; 2) Partner countries and          African infrastructure providers;
                                                                                                                                                     2) Procurement rules which        contractors
Increase the "local content" depending on the     international donors need to establish                Transfer know-how to African companies;
                                                                                                                                                     foster the involvement of         2) Organise a dialogue
project specifics                                 coherence between their development policy            Involve local suppliers in the supply chain;
                                                                                                                                                     the African private sector,       between the Forum and the
                                                  objectives (Ownership, CSR, international             Employ a maximum of the local workforce;
                                                                                                                                                     e.g. Prequalification /           Commission on procurement
                                                  standards, etc.) and the procurement process
                                                                                                                                                     evaluation criteria               policy




                                                                                                                                                   1) Prepare a list of potential
                                                                                                                                                   Design-Build-Operate and            Use the EU-Africa Partnership
                                                                                                        Private sector needs to transfer its
Ensure project sustainability over the project's Partner countries and international donors                                                        performance-based                   meetings to review and
                                                                                                        experience on such projects to the partner
life-cycle by integrating the operation and      need to develop innovative procurement                                                            projects;                           monitor the experience gained
                                                                                                        countries and to the Commission/bilateral
manintenance phase into the project              methods and selection procedures                                                                  2) Joint analysis of the pilot      with innovative procurement
                                                                                                        development banks
                                                                                                                                                   projects which have been            methods
                                                                                                                                                   implemented
                               2nd EU-Africa Business Forum: 21 - 22 June 2007, Accra, Ghana
WORKING GROUP: Entrepreneurship
Overall Goals
                                               Effective programmes supporting entrepreneurship are vital for the development of both Africa and the EU
               RECOMMENDATION                           PUBLIC SECTOR RESPONSIBILITY                    PRIVATE SECTOR RESPONSIBILITY              PROGRESS INDICATOR           TIMEFRAME/CONCLUSION
                                               African states to fund the creation of this
                                                                                                                                             Budgets allocated to
                                               network. European Commission to ensure the
                                                                                                   Support networks to manage / operate the programme? No. of one
                                               creation of one stop shops can be supported                                                                                  National plans published within
Create a network of one-stop-shops that help                                                       network of one stop shops, ensuring       stop shops created? No. of
                                               financially through funding programmes. EU                                                                                   1 year. Implemented over 3
company start-ups                                                                                  introdcution of start-up entrepreneurs to entrepreneurs assisted?
                                               Commission to organise study visits for AU                                                                                   years
                                                                                                   existing business networks                No. of women
                                               Commission staff to see existing one stop
                                                                                                                                             entrepreneurs assisted?
                                               shop operations in EU
                                               African states to develop and publish 5-year
                                               national programmes of support for clusters.
                                               Such programmes must have clear objectives
                                               in terms of the number of clusters, enterprises
                                               and sectors to be supported, tax (and other)
                                               incentives offered to companies locating in         MNCs to develop own 'cluster' policies     No. of national programmes
                                               clusters, and also addressing questions on          with suppliers, and other SMEs in the      published? No. of clusters
                                               ownership of property within the clusters.          value chain - mentoring, coaching,         formed/funded? No. of         AU Commission template by
Devise national programmes promoting           European Commission to ensure the creation          training, quality control… Support         clusters addressing           next Business Summit.
clusters                                       of clusters can be supported financially            networks to manage clusters. Business      specifically women            National programmes
                                               through funding programmes. EU                      support networks to draft MoU template     entrepreneurs' needs          published within 18 months.
                                               Commission to organise study visits for AU          for use between MNCs and SMEs in           created? No. of MNC-to-
                                               Commission staff. AU Commission to develop          cluster.                                   SME MoUs created?
                                               cluster programme 'template' - to be adapted
                                               and customised as appropriate by states. AU
                                               Commission to research and produce annual
                                               cluster 'scorecard' on implementation of
                                               programmes.



                                               EIB to insist on % allocation of funding to be      Private sector (African based banks) to
                                                                                                                                              Publication of Bank -
                                               devoted to start-up loans. EIB also to insist on    develop simplified risk assessment
                                                                                                                                              SME/entrepreneur code?       Code: 1 year. SME training
Entrepreneurship banking                       greater transparency on origin of EIB funds.        criteria and methodologies for start-
                                                                                                                                              No. of bank staff trained? % for bank staff: Annual figures
                                               AU Commission to investigate the feasibility of     ups/SMEs. Banks to increase training of
                                                                                                                                              of EIB funds to start-ups?
                                               creating an 'SME Bank'.                             staff to better understand SME needs.




                                               African states to consult, develop and publish
                                               long term programmes (10 years?) supporting
                                               entrepreneurship in education. Such
                                                                                                   The private - and educational - sectors to
                                               programmes should cover from primary school
                                                                                                   play significant roles in helping to develop
                                               on; have 5 and 10 year targets; clearly involve                                                                              AU Commission consultation
                                                                                                   and implement the national programmes.
                                               the private sector and educational authorities                                                                               to be complete within 1 year.
                                                                                                   The MNC sector, in particular, to            Publication of national
Entrepreneurship in education                  in concept and roll-out; allow for a range of                                                                                Plans to be published within 3
                                                                                                   create/support technical training schools; programmes?
                                               tools/methods (for both literate and illiterate);                                                                            years. Implemented over 10
                                                                                                   develop vocational training programmes;
                                               focus on IT skill development. AU                                                                                            years.
                                                                                                   and include entrepreneurship training in
                                               Commission to instigate consultation process
                                                                                                   such vocational training.
                                               with states to prepare programmes, develop
                                               palette of targets; and subsequently publish
                                               scorecard on implementation of programmes.



                                               African states to agree target of 1 week                                                                                     Agreement within 1 year.
                                                                                                                                              AU Summit agreement to
                                               maximum for the procedures to create a              Private sector agreement on terms of                                     Achievement of 1 week
Red tape                                                                                                                                      set 1 week maximum
                                               company. AU Commission to 'map' the                 code is necessary.                                                       deadline within 2 following
                                                                                                                                              period.
                                               procedures currently in force in all states.                                                                                 years.


                                               African states to agree code of conduct - inter
                                               alia - concerning payments by public sector (at
                                               all levels): setting payment terms; agreeing                                                   Publication of code of
Public procurement - payment                                                                                                                                                Within 1 year
                                               late payment penalties; ensuring contracts                                                     conduct
                                               amended to include provision for penalty claim
                                               in case of late payment.
Two final, more general, points: there is a significant - but unquantifiable need to build capacity in the private sector. Too much capacity building is concentrated on the public sector.
Donor funding should be diverted for this purpose. Secondly, the summit recommends the creation of economic and social partnership fora throughout Africa, initially at national level, then
regional.

				
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