U.S._1st_Infantry_Division by zzzmarcus

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1st Infantry Division (United States)

1st Infantry Division (United States)
1st Infantry Division Commanders Current commander Notable commanders Major General Vincent Brooks[1] Major General Charles Pelot Summerall Major General Terry de la Mesa Allen, Sr. Major General Clarence R. Huebner Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt Jr. Iraq War War in Afghanistan

Insignia Distinctive Unit Insignia 1st Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia Active Country Branch Type Role Size Part of Garrison/HQ Nickname Motto May 24, 1917 – present United States Regular Army Division Heavy Mechanized 20,000 Forces Command Fort Riley, Kansas “The Big Red One” “The Fighting First” “No Mission Too Difficult, No Sacrifice Too Great—Duty First” Red and Green The Big Red One Song Rags (WW I) World War I World War II *Operation Torch *Operation Husky *D-Day *Battle of Hurtgen Forest *Battle of the Bulge Vietnam War *Tet Offensive Operation Desert Storm U.S. Infantry Divisions (1939 - Present) Previous Next 2nd Infantry Division

Colors March Mascot Engagements

The 1st Infantry Division of the United States Army —nicknamed “The Big Red One” after its shoulder patch;[2] and also nicknamed "The Fighting First"[2]—is the oldest division in the United States Army,[2][3] and has seen continuous service since its organization in 1917.[2]

History
World War I
Composition[4]
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1st Infantry Division (United States)

Assigned 2. Fr 83d Bln Co 3. Fr 253d FA-Portée (75) • 1st Infantry Brigade 4. Fr 11th and 12th Groups of Tanks • 16th Infantry • Saizerais Sector, at times from August • 18th Infantry 8–24, 1918 • 2nd Machine Gun Battalion 1. Fr 258th Aero Sq • 2nd Infantry Brigade 2. 6th and 7th Bln Cos • 26th Infantry 3. 3 btrys Fr 247th FA- Portée • 28th Infantry • Preceding and during St-Mihiel Operation, • 3rd Machine Gun Battalion at times from September 8–14, 1918 • 1st Field Artillery Brigade 1. 8th Obsn Sq • 5th Field Artillery (155mm) 2. 9th Bln Co • 6th Field Artillery (75mm) 3. 58th FA Brig and 108th Am Tn (33d Div) • 7th Field Artillery (75mm) 4. 76th FA (3d Div) (75) • 1st Trench Mortar Battery 5. 2 btrys 44th CA (8") • Divisional Troops 6. Troops D, F, and H, 2d Cav • 1st Machine Gun Battalion 7. 2 platoons Co A 1st Gas Regt (8 mortars) • 1st Engineers 8. 2 bns of Inf (42d Div) • 2nd Field Signal Battalion 9. 6th Inf Brig (3d Div) • Headquarters Troop 10. 2 cos 51st Pion Inf • Trains 11. 7th MG Bn (3d Div) • 1st Train Headquarters and Military 12. 49 tanks of 1st Tank Brig Police • Meuse-Argonne Operation October 1–2, • 1st Ammunition Train 1918 • 1st Supply Train 1. 60th FA Brig • 1st Engineer Train 2. 110th Am Tn (35th Div) • 1st Sanitary Train (Ambulance • Meuse-Argonne Operation, at times from Companies and Field Hospitals 2, 3, 12, October 1–12, 1918 13) 1. 1st Aero Sq Attached Units 2. 2d Bln Co • en route to France and in 1st 3. Fr 219th FA (75) (Gondrecourt) Training Area June 9 – 4. Fr 247th FA (6 btrys 75) September 23, 1917 5. Fr 5th Bn 282d Arty (220) 1. 5th Regt USMC 6. Provisional Sq 2d Cav • Ménil-la-Tour Area February 28 – April 3, 7. Co C 1st Gas Regt 1918 8. Co C 344th Tank Bn, 1st Tank Brig (16 1. 1st Bn 2d Engrs (2d Div) tanks) • Cantigny Sector, at times from April 27 – 9. Cos B and C 345th Tank Bn, 1st Tank Brig July 7, 1918 (16 tanks) 1. Fr 228th FA Regiment (75) • Meuse-Argonne Operation October 7, 2. Fr 253d FA Regiment(75) 1918 3. 1st and 2d Bns Fr 258th FA Regiment(75) 1. 362d Inf (91st Div) 4. 4th Bn Fr 301st Arty Regiment(155) • Meuse-Argonne Operation October 8–11, 5. 1 btry Fr 3d Cl Arty Regiment(155) 1918 6. 3d and 4th Bns Fr 284th Arty 1. 181st Inf Brig (91st Div) Regiment(220) • Coblenz Bridgehead, at times from June 7. 2d Bn Fr 289th Arty Regiment(220) 18–30, 1919 8. 1 btry Fr 3d Cl Arty Regiment(220) 1. 14th Bln Co 9. 6th Bn Fr 289th Arty Regiment (280) 2. MG elements Fr 2d Cav Div 10. 2 btrys Fr TM (58) • Coblenz Bridgehead June 18–29, 1919 11. 1 btry Fr TM (150) 1. 4th MG Bn (2d Div) 12. 1 btry Fr TM (240) • Coblenz Bridgehead June 20–30, 1919 13. Fr 5th Tank Bn (12 tanks) 1. 7th MG Bn (3d Div) • Aisne-Marne Operation, at times from July 18–23, 1918 1. Fr 42d Aero Sq

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Detached Service • at Le Valdahon August 22 – October 18, 1917; with Scottish 15th Div during Aisne-Marne Operation July 24, 1918; with 90th Div 1. 1st FA Brig 2. 1st Am Tn • with Scottish 15th Div during Aisne-Marne Operation July 24, 1918 in Saizerais (Villers-en-Haye) Sector August 24–28, 1918; with 42d Div in Meuse-Argonne Operation October 13–31, 1918; with 2nd Div in Meuse-Argonne Operation November 1–4, 1918. 1. 1st Sn Tn • with III Corps September 28 – October 2, 1918 1. 1st Engrs • with American Forces in Germany after August 9, 1919. 1. 2d Bn 6th FA 2. Co A 1st Engrs 3. Cos A, B, C, D, 1st Sup Tn 4. F Hosp 13

1st Infantry Division (United States)
8. July 21 Brig Gen Frank E. Bamford (ad interim) 9. July 24 to August 30 Maj Gen Edward F. McGlachlin, Jr. Chiefs of Staff • 1917 1. June 8 Col Frank W. Coe 2. August 23 Capt George C. Marshall, Jr. (Acting) 3. September 3 Col Hanson E. Ely 4. November 23 Lt Col Campbell King (Acting) • 1918 1. January 7 Lt Col Campbell King 2. June 7 Col Campbell King 3. September 23 Lt Col John N. Greely 4. October 17 Col John N. Greely 5. November 7 Col. Stephen O. Fuqua • 1919 1. June 17 Col William F. Harrell (Acting) 2. June 23 Col Stephen O. Fuqua 3. July 12 Lt Col Paul E. Peabody (Acting) 4. July 19 Col Stephen O. Fuqua 5. August 2 Lt Col Paul E. Peabody (Acting) 6. August 9 Col Stephen O. Fuqua 7. August 19 Lt Col William R. Scott (Acting) 8. August 24 to September 5 Col Stephen O. Fuqua • Commanders 1st Infantry Brigade • 1917 1. June 9 Col Omar Bundy 2. June 28 Brig Gen Omar Bundy 3. August 25 Col Ulysses G. McAlexander (ad interim) 4. August 30 Brig Gen Omar Bundy 5. September 8 Brig Gen George B. Duncan • 1918 1. January 16 Col John L. Hines (ad interim) 2. January 21 Brig Gen George B. Duncan 3. May 5 Brig Gen John L. Hines 4. August 27 Brig Gen Frank Parker 5. October 18 Col Hjalmar Erickson (ad interim) 6. November 21 Brig Gen Frank Parker 7. December 20 Col Charles A. Hunt (ad interim) 1919 1. January 5 Brig Gen Frank Parker 2. January 12 Col Charles A. Hunt (ad interim) 3. January 17 Brig Gen Frank Parker 4. January 27 Col William F. Harrell (ad interim) 5. January 29 Brig Gen Frank Parker

Commanders and Chiefs of Staff
Division Commanders • 1917 1. June 8 Brig Gen William L. Sibert 2. June 27 Maj Gen William L. Sibert 3. December 14 Maj Gen Robert L. Bullard • 1918 1. April 5 Brig Gen Beaumont B. Buck (ad interim) 2. April 13 Maj Gen Robert L. Bullard 3. July 15 Maj Gen Charles P. Summerall 4. October 12 Brig Gen Frank E. Bamford (ad interim) 5. October 18 Brig Gen Frank Parker 6. November 21 Maj Gen Edward F. McGlachlin, Jr. • 1919 1. May 10 Brig Gen Francis C. Marshall (ad interim) 2. May 19 Maj Gen Edward F. McGlachlin, Jr. 3. June 29 Brig Gen Frank E. Bamford (ad interim) 4. July 1 Brig Gen Augustine McIntyre (ad interim) 5. July 4 Maj Gen Edward F. McGlachlin, Jr 6. July 12 Col Robert A. Brown (ad interim) 7. July 16 Maj Gen Edward F. McGlachlin, Jr.

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6. February 16 Col Charles A. Hunt (ad interim) 7. March 29 Brig Gen Frank Parker 8. April 1 Col Charles A. Hunt (ad interim) 9. April 11 Brig Gen Frank Parker 10. April 25 Col Charles A. Hunt (ad interim) 11. May 7 Lt Col Edward R. Coppock (ad interim) 12. May 9 Lt Col William F. Hoey (ad interim) 13. May 13 Brig Gen Frank Parker 14. July 8 Col William W. McCammon (ad Interim) 15. July 18 Brig Gen Frank Parker 16. July 21 Col William W. McCammon (ad interim) 17. July 24 to September 3 Brig Gen Frank Parker • Commanders 2nd Infantry Brigade • 1917 1. June 7 Col. Robert L. Bullard 2. June 28 Brig Gen Robert L. Bullard 3. July 22 Col Charles A. Doyen, USMC (ad interim) 4. August 9 Brig Gen Robert L. Bullard 5. August 14 Col Charles A. Doyen, USMC (ad interim) 6. August 19 Brig Gen Robert L. Bullard 7. August 26 Col Charles A. Doyen, USMC (ad interim) 8. August 29 Brig Gen Robert L. Bullard 9. September 4 Brig Gen Beaumont B. Buck 10. November 1 Col Ferdinand W. Kobbe (ad interim) 11. November 10 Brig Gen Beaumont B. Buck • 1918 1. August 27 Brig Gen Frank E. Bamford 2. October 12 Col George C. Barnhardt (ad interim) 3. October 17 Brig Gen George C. Barnhardt 4. October 26 Brig Gen Francis C. Marshall • 1919 1. February 2 Col Fredrik L. Knudson (ad interim) 2. February 17 Brig Gen Francis C. Marshall 3. May 29 Col Robert A. Brown (ad interim) 4. June 6 Brig Gen Frank E. Bamford 5. July 11 Col. Robert A. Brown (ad interim) 6. July 16 Brig Gen Frank E. Bamford 7. July 24 Col Robert A. Brown (ad interim) 8. August 2 Col Adolphe H. Huguet (ad interim)

1st Infantry Division (United States)
9. August 9 to September 4 Col Robert A. Brown • Commanders 1st Field Artillery Brigade • 1917 1. August 16 Brig Gen Peyton C. March 2. September 3 Maj Gen Peyton C. March 3. September 7 Maj Gen William S. McNair (ad interim) 4. September 24 Maj Gen Peyton C. March 5. October 12 Brig Gen Charles H. McKinstry 6. December 23 Brig Gen Charles P. Summerall • 1918 1. July 17 Col Lucius P. Holbrook (ad interim) 2. August 16 Col Henry W. Butner 3. October 21 Brig Gen Henry W. Butner • 1919 1. March 31 Col William H. Dodds, Jr. (ad interim) 2. April 21 Col Thomas W. Hollyday (ad interim) 3. May 4 Col William H. Dodds, Jr. (ad interim) 4. May 6 Brig Gen Henry W. Butner 5. May 15 Col Nelson E. Margetts (ad interim) 6. May 17 Brig Gen Lesley J. McNair 7. June 23 Brig Gen Augustine McIntyre 8. July 12 Col Nelson E. Margetts (ad interim) 9. July 16 Brig Gen Augustine McIntyre 10. July 21 Col Nelson E. Margetts (ad interim) 11. July 24 Brig Gen Augustine McIntyre 12. August 5 Col Nelson E. Margetts (ad interim) 13. August 12 to September 5 Brig Gen Augustine McIntyre

Narrative
The First Expeditionary Division, later designated the 1st Infantry Division, was constituted on May 24, 1917 in the Regular Army, and was organized on June 8, 1917 at Fort Jay, on Governors Island in New York harbor under the command of Brigadier General William L. Sibert, from Army units then in service on the U.S.-Mexico border and at various Army posts throughout the United States. The original Table of Organization and Equipment included two organic infantry brigades of two infantry regiments each, one engineer battalion; one signal battalion; one trench

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mortar battery; one field artillery brigade of three field artillery regiments; one aero squadron; and a full division train. The total authorized strength of this TO&E was 18,919 officers and enlisted men. George S. Patton, who served as the first Headquarters commandant for the American Expeditionary Force oversaw much of the arrangements for the movement of the 1st Division to France, and their organization in-country. The first units sailed from New York City and Hoboken, New Jersey on June 14, 1917.[5] Throughout the remainder of the year, the rest of the division followed, landing at St. Nazaire, France, and Liverpool, England. After a brief stay in rest camps, the troops in England proceeded to France, landing at Le Havre. The last unit arrived in St. Nazaire December 22. Upon arrival in France, the division, less its artillery, was assembled in the First (Gondrecourt) training area, and the artillery was at Le Valdahon. On(Independence Day in the United States)July 4,the 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry (2/16),[6] paraded through the streets of Paris to bolster the sagging French spirits. At Lafayette’s tomb, one of General John J. Pershing’s staff uttered the famous words, "Lafayette, we are here!" Two days later, July 6, Headquarters, First Expeditionary Division was redesignated as Headquarters, First Division. On August 8, 1917, the 1st Division adopted the Square Table of organization and Equipment, which included two organic infantry brigades of two infantry regiments each; one engineer regiment; one signal battalion; one machine gun battalion; one field artillery brigade of three field artillery regiments, and a complete division train. The total authorized strength of this new TO&E was 27,120 officers and enlisted men. On the morning of October 23, the first American shell of the war was sent screaming toward German lines by a First Division artillery unit. Two days later, the 2-16th Infantry suffered the first American casualties of the war. By April 1918, the Germans had pushed to within 40 miles (64 km) of Paris. In reaction to this thrust, the Big Red One moved into the Picardy Sector to bolster the exhausted French First Army. To the division’s front lay the small village of Cantigny, situated on the high ground overlooking a forested countryside. The 28th Infantry Regiment[7]

1st Infantry Division (United States)
attacked the town, and within 45 minutes captured it along with 250 German soldiers. It was the first American victory of the war. The 28th was thereafter named the "Black Lions of Cantigny".[7] Soissons was taken by the First Division in July 1918. The Soissons victory was costly—700 men were killed or wounded. (One of them, Private Francis Lupo of Cincinnati, was missing in action for 85 years, until his remains were discovered on the former battlefield in 2003)[8]. The First Infantry helped to clear the St. Mihiel salient by fighting continuously from September 11–13, 1918. The last major World War I battle was fought in the Meuse-Argonne Forest. The division advanced seven kilometers and defeated, in whole or part, eight German divisions. The war was over when the Armistice was signed. The division was at Sedan, the farthest American penetration of the war. The division was the first to cross the Rhine into occupied Germany. By the end of the war, the division had suffered 22,668 casualties and boasted five Medal of Honor recipients. The division’s famous dog-mascot was a cairn terrier known as Rags. Rags was adopted by the division in 1917 and remained its mascot until his death in 1931.[9] Rags achieved great notoriety and achieved celebrity war dog fame, after saving many lives in the crucial Argonne Campaign by delivering a vital message despite being bombed and gassed. • Casualties 1. 4,411 Killed in Action 2. 17,201 Wounded in Action 3. 1,056 Missing or Died of Wounds

Interwar period
The 1st Division returned to the Continental U.S. in September 1919, demobilized its wartime TO&E at Camp Zachary Taylor at Louisville, Kentucky, and then returned to New York, with its headquarters located at Fort Hamilton in Brooklyn. On October 7, 1920, the 1st Division organized under the peacetime TO&E, which included two organic infantry brigades of two infantry regiments each, one engineer regiment; one observation squadron; one field artillery brigade of two Field Artillery Regiments; one Medical Regiment; one Division Quartermaster Train; and a Special Troops

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Command replacing the remainder of the division Train. The total authorized strength of this TO&E was 19,385. 1st Division was one of three Infantry Divisions and one Cavalry Division that was authorized to remain at full peacetime strength, and it was the only Regular Army division assigned to the Second Corps Area, which also included the 27th Infantry Division of the New York National Guard; the 44th Infantry Division of the New Jersey, New York, and Delaware National Guards; the 21st Cavalry Division of the New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and New Jersey National Guards; and the 77th, 78th, and 98th Infantry Divisions and the 61st Cavalry Division of the Organized Reserves. This was the organization that existed in the Second Corps Area for the duration of the peace period. 1st Division adopted a new peacetime TO&E in preparation for war on January 8, 1940, which included three infantry regiments, one military police company, one engineer battalion, one signal company, one Light Field Artillery Regiment of three Field Artillery Battalions and one Medium Field Artillery Regiment of two Field Artillery Battalions, one Medical Battalion, and one Quartermaster Battalion. The authorized strength of this TO&E was 9,057 officers and enlisted men. 1st Infantry Division reorganized again on November 1, 1940 to a new TO&E, which added a Reconnaissance Troop, and organized the two Field Artillery Regiments into a Division Artillery Command, and beefed up the strength to a total Authorized Strength of 15,245 officers and enlisted men.

1st Infantry Division (United States)
Infantry School. It then moved to the Sabine Parish, Louisiana area on May 11, 1940 to participate in the Louisiana Maneuvers.[11] They then returned to Fort Hamilton on June 5, 1940. The headquarters was then transferred to Fort Devens at Ayer, Massachusetts February 4, 1941, and then participated in the October and November maneuvers in the Carolinas, with a garrison at Samarcand, North Carolina on October 16, 1941. 1st Division then returned to Fort Devens on December 6, 1941, which is where they were when Pearl Harbor was attacked. 1st Division then deployed to Camp Blanding at Starke, Florida on February 21, 1942, which is where they were when 1st Division was officially re-designated at Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division on August 1, 1942. At this time, 1st ID reorganized under the new Wartime TO&E, which increased the Authorized Strength to 15,514 Officers and Enlisted men. This TO&E resulted in the following Order of Battle: Headquarters, 1st Infantry Division Headquarters & Military Police Company 1st Cavalry Reconnaissance Company 1st Signal Company 16th Infantry Regiment 18th Infantry Regiment 26th Infantry Regiment HHB, 1st Division Artillery 5th Field Artillery Battalion 7th Field Artillery Battalion 32nd Field Artillery Battalion 33rd Field Artillery Battalion 1st Infantry Division Artillery Band 1st Engineer Battalion 1st Medical Battalion 1st Quartermaster Battalion

World War II
Commanders
1. Maj. Gen. Donald Cubbison (February 1941)[10] 2. Maj. Gen. Terry de la Mesa Allen, Sr. (August 2, 1942)[10] 3. Maj. Gen. Clarence R. Huebner (July 1943)[10] 4. Maj. Gen. Clift Andrus (December 1944)[10] 5. Maj. Gen. Jonathan A. Towns (August 1946)[10]

Narrative
1st Division started preparing for World War II by moving to Fort Benning on November 19, 1939, and ran its personnel through the

Deployment to War
See also: Omaha Beach

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1st Infantry Division (United States)
the 45th Infantry Division. In these mountains, the division saw some of the heaviest fighting in the entire Sicilian campaign at Troina; some units losing more than half their strength in assaulting the mountain town. On August 7, 1943, command was assumed by Major General Clarence R. Huebner. When that campaign was over, the division returned to England to prepare for the Normandy invasion.[2] It was one of the two divisions that stormed Omaha Beach on DDay[2][13] [14], with some of the division’s units suffering 30 percent casualties in the first hour of the assault,[15][16][17] and secured Formigny and Caumont in the beachhead by the end of the day. The division followed up the St. Lo break-through with an attack on Marigny, July 27, 1944, and then drove across France in a continuous offensive, reaching the German border at Aachen in September. The division laid siege to Aachen, taking the city after a direct assault on October 21, 1944.[2] The First then attacked east of Aachen through Hurtgen Forest, driving to the Roer, and moved to a rest area December 7, 1944 for its first real rest in 6 months’ combat, when the Wacht Am Rhein offensive (commonly called the Battle of the Bulge) suddenly broke loose on December 16, 1944.[2] The division raced to the Ardennes, and fighting continuously from December 17, 1944 to January 28, 1945, helped blunt and turn back the German offensive. Thereupon, the division attacked and again breached the Siegfried Line, fought across the Roer, February 23, 1945, and drove on to the Rhine, crossing at the Remagen bridgehead, March 15–16. The division broke out of the bridgehead, took part in the encirclement of the Ruhr Pocket, captured Paderborn, pushed through the Harz Mountaiins, and was in Czechoslovakia, fighting at Kinsperk, Sangerberg, and Mnichov when the war in Europe ended. Sixteen members of the division were awarded the Medal of Honor. • Casualties 1. 3,616 Killed in Action 2. 15,208 Wounded in Action 3. 664 Died of Wounds

A Coast Guard-manned LCVP from the USS Samuel Chase disembarks Company E, 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment assaulting Omaha Beach on the morning of June 6, 1944.

From newly-captured town, members of the 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, cross the Weser River in assault boats to take Furstenberg. April 8, 1945. In World War II, the division landed in Oran, Algeria on November 8, 1942, as part of Operation Torch.[12] Elements then took part in combat at Maktar, Medjez el Bab, Kasserine Pass, Gafsa, El Guettar, Béja, and Mateur, from January 21, 1943 – May 9, 1943, helping secure Tunisia. In July 1943, it took part in Operation Husky in Sicily under the command of Major General Terry de la Mesa Allen. It was assigned to the II Corps. It was in Sicily that the 1st saw heavy action when making amphibious landings on Gela, the most fortified German beach head positions. The 1st then moved up through the center of Sicily, slogging it out through the mountains along with

Assignments in the European and North African Theater of Operations
1. February 1, 1943: II Corps, British First Army, 18th Army Group

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2. July 1943: US II Corps, U.S. Seventh Army, 15th Army Group 3. November 1, 1943: US First Army. 4. November 6, 1943: VII Corps. 5. February 2, 1944: V Corps, First Army, British 21st Army Group 6. July 14, 1944: US First Army. 7. July 15, 1944: VII Corps. 8. August 1, 1944: VII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group. 9. December 16, 1944: V Corps. 10. December 20, 1944: Attached, with the entire First Army, to the British 21st Army Group. 11. January 26, 1945: XVIII Airborne Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group. 12. February 12, 1945: III Corps. 13. March 8, 1945: VII Corps. 14. April 27, 1945: VIII Corps. 15. April 30, 1945: V Corps. 16. May 6, 1945: United States Third Army, 12th Army Group. • In these tabulations, the army and higher headquarters to which the division is assigned or attached is not repeated when the division is assigned or attached to a different corps in the same army. • On November 6, 1943, for example, the 1st Infantry Division was assigned to the VII Corps which was itself assigned to First Army; on August 1, 1944, the 12th Army Group became operational; and on May 6, 1945, the 1st Infantry Division left First Army for the first time during the operations on the Continent for reassignment to the Third Army.

1st Infantry Division (United States)
such as Ft. Irwin, California, Little Creek, Virginia, and Ft. Leonard Wood, Missouri. In 1962 and 1963, four 1st Infantry Division Pentomic Battle Groups (2nd Battle Group, 12th Infantry; 1st Battle Group, 13th Infantry; 1st Battle Group, 28th Infantry; & 2nd Battle Group, 26th Infantry) rotated, in turn, to West Berlin, Germany to augment U.S. Berlin Brigade during an international crisis initiated by construction of the Berlin Wall. These "Long Thrust Operations" were the most significant deployments conducted by 1st Infantry Division troops during the Cold War; placing Big Red One troops in confrontation with hostile communist forces.

Vietnam
The division fought in the Vietnam War from 1965 to 1970.[2] Commanders 1. Maj. Gen. Jonathan O. Seaman (February 1964)[10] 2. Maj. Gen. William E. DePuy (March 1966)[10] 3. Maj. Gen. John H. Hay, Jr. (January 1967)[10] 4. Maj. Gen. Keith L. Ware (February 1968)[10] 5. Maj. Gen. Orwin C. Talbott (September 1968)[10] 6. Maj. Gen. Albert E. Milloy (August 1969)[10] Narrative Arriving in July 1965, the division began combat operations within two weeks. By the end of 1965 the division had participated in three major operations: Hump, Bushmaster I and Bushmaster II, under the command of MG Jonathan O. Seaman. In 1966, the division took part in Operation Marauder, Operation Crimp II, and Operation Rolling Stone, all in the early part of the year. In March, MG William E. DePuy took command.[18] In June and July the division took part in the battles of Ap Tau O, Srok Dong and Minh Thanh Road. In November 1966, the division participated in Operation Attleboro. 1967 saw the 1st I.D. in Operation Cedar Falls, Operation Junction City, Operation Manhattan, and Operation Shenandoah II. MG John H. Hay assumed command in February. On October 17, 1967, the 1st I.D

Cold War
Korean War
During the Korean War, the Big Red One was assigned to occupation duty in Germany, while acting as a strategic deterrent against Soviet designs on Europe. 1st Infantry Division troops secured the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials and later transported seven convicted Nazi war criminals to Spandau Prison in Berlin. In 1955 the division colors left Germany and were relocated to Fort Riley, Kansas.[2]

1950s–1960s
Following its return from Germany, 1st Infantry Division established headquarters at Ft. Riley, Kansas. Its troops reorganized and trained for war at Ft. Riley and at other posts

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suffered heavy casualties at the Battle of Ong Thanh with 58 KIA. 1968 would see the division involved in the Tet Offensive, securing the massive Tan Son Nhut Air Base. In March, MG Keith L. Ware took command. That same month the division took part in Operation Quyet Thang (Resolve to Win), April would see the division participate in the largest operation in the Vietnam conflict, Operation Toan Thang (Certain Victory). On September 13, the division Commander, Maj. Gen. Ware, was killed in action when his command helicopter was shot down by hostile fire.[19] MG Orwin C. Talbott moved up from his position of Assistant Division Commander to assume command of the division. In the first half of 1969, The Big Red One conducted reconnaissance-in-force and ambush operations, including a multi-divisional operation, Atlas Wedge, and participated in the Battle of An Lộc. The last part of the year saw the division take part in "Dong Tien" (Progress Together) operations. These operations were intended to assist South Vietnamese forces to take a more active role in combat. In August, MG A. E. Milloy took command of the 1st I.D. while the division took part in battles along National Highway 13, known as "Thunder Road" to the end of the year. In January 1970 it was announced that the division would return to Fort Riley.[2] 11 members of the division were awarded the Medal of Honor. • Casualties 1. 6,146 Killed in Action 2. 16,019 Wounded in Action 3. 20 Prisoner of War

1st Infantry Division (United States)
kilometer assault on enemy-held territory over 100 hours, engaging eleven Iraqi divisions, destroying 550 enemy tanks, 480 armored personnel carriers and taking 11,400 prisoners. By the early morning of February 28, 1991, the division had taken position along the Highway of Death, preventing any Iraqi retreat. The division’s 2nd Dagger Brigade, led by Colonel Anthony Moreno, was then tasked with securing town of Safwan, Iraq, which was to be the site for the permanent cease-fire negotioations. There was also the “bulldozer assault”, wherein two brigades from the 1st Infantry Division (Mechanized) used anti-mine plows mounted on tanks and combat earthmovers to bury Iraqi soldiers defending the fortified "Saddam Line." While approximately 2,000 of the troops surrendered, escaping burial, one newspaper story reported that the U.S. commanders estimated thousands of Iraqi soldiers had been buried alive during the twoday assault February 24–25, 1991. In 1996 the division colors were relocated to the German city of Würzburg.

Bosnia/Kosovo
2nd (Dagger) Brigade Combat Team deployed to Bosnia as part of IFOR2 / SFOR1 from October 1996 to April 1997. 2nd Brigade was replaced by element from 3rd Brigade and the division’s aviation brigade.

Modern era
First Gulf War
The division, commanded by Major General Thomas G. Rhame, also participated in Operation Desert Storm. The division’s two maneuver brigades from Ft. Riley were rounded out by the addition of two tank battalions (2-66 and 3-66 AR), an infantry battalion (1-41 IN), and a field artillery battalion (4-3 FA) from 2nd Armored Division (Forward) in Germany. It was responsible for the initial breach of the Iraqi defenses, consequently rolling over the Iraqi 26th Infantry Division and taking 2,600 prisoners of war. The Big Red One continued with the subsequent 260

Kosovo, 1999-2BDE/1st Div Elements of the division, to include personnel and units from the 2nd, 3rd and aviation brigades, served in Kosovo. During the Kosovo War three soldiers were captured by Serbian forces but were later released after peace talks. Units of the 1st Infantry Division served in Kosovo for KFOR 1A and KFOR 1B from June

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1999 to June 2000, then again for KFOR 4A and 4B from May 2002 to July 2003.

1st Infantry Division (United States)
BN, 1st Battalion, 7th Field Artillery Regiment, 299th Support Battalion, and 57th Signal Company were all (Dagger) units occupying Camp Liberty, a sprawling encampment of 30,000+ military and DoD civilians located just east of Baghdad International Airport (BIAP). Elements from Fort Riley’s 1st (Devil) Brigade deployed in the fall of 2006 to other area of operations in Iraq. Units include companies from the 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry; 1st Battalion, 34th Armor; 1st Battalion, 5th Field Artillery; 1st Engineer Battalion; and D Troop, 4th Cavalry.

2003 Invasion of Iraq
The 1st (Devil) Brigade, 1st Infantry Division deployed from Fort Riley, Kansas in September 2003 to provide support to the 82nd Airborne Division in the city of Ramadi, Iraq. In February 2004, the Division deployed to Iraq, where it conducted a relief in place of the 4th Infantry Division, primarily in Salah ad-Din and Diyala provinces, with the Division headquarters being located on Forward Operating Base Danger, near Saddam Hussein’s hometown of Tikrit. Task Force Danger, as the Division was called during OIF2, also had a light infantry brigade from the 25th Infantry Division, another brigade the 30th Armored Brigade (Enhanced) (Separate) "Old Hickory" of the North Carolina National Guard, and the 264th Engineer Group of the Wisconsin Army National Guard. In September 2004, the 1st Brigade was replaced by elements from the 2nd Infantry Division in Ramadi and redeployed to Ft. Riley. In February 2005, the division was replaced by the 42d Infantry Division, New York National Guard, and elements of the 3rd Infantry Division and returned to its home in Germany.

Transition Team training mission
State-side training for the Military Transition Teams (MiTTs) is located at Fort Riley, Kansas. Training began June 1, 2006.

2007 Deployments to Iraq
In February 2007, the 4th Infantry Brigade Combat Team deployed to southern Baghdad in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. Under the command of Multinational Division-Baghdad, the "Dragon Brigade" operated out of Forward Operating Base Falcon for 15 months before returning to Fort Riley, Kan., in April 2008. In the fall of 2007, the Combat Aviation Brigade (Demon Brigade), 1st Infantry Division deployed to Iraq and was placed under the command of Multinational Division North located at COB Spiecher. The majority of the CAB is stationed at COB Spiecher, with the 1st Squadron, 6th Cavalry Regiment and some supporting elements stationed at FOB Warrior.

1st Infantry Division rebasing to CONUS
In July 2006 the division was withdrawn from Germany back to Fort Riley in CONUS, leaving only 2nd (Dagger) Brigade in Schweinfurt, Germany until March 28, 2008 when the 3rd Brigade, 1st Armored Division reflagged as the 2nd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division. So now three brigades are based at Fort Riley, Kan., with one brigade based out of Ft Hood, Texas.

Insignia

Operation Iraqi Freedom 06-08
The 2nd "Dagger" Brigade Combat Team deployed to Iraq from mid-August 2006 to late November 2007. 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry Regiment was the first to embark and was sent to the Adhamiya district of Baghdad to assist in suppressing the widespread sectarian violence. The 1st Battalion, 77th Armor Regiment was deployed to Ramadi and the 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment was sent to Forward Operating Base Falcon in the Rasheed district of southwest Baghdad. HQ and HQ Company 2BCT, 1st ID, 9th Engineer

The insignia of the 1st Infantry Division originated in World War I. There are two theories as to how the idea of the patch came about. The first theory states that the 1st Division supply trucks were manufactured in England.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
To make sure the 1st Division’s trucks were not confused with other allies, the drivers would paint a huge "1" on the side of each truck. Later, the division engineers would go even farther and put a red number one on their sleeves.[20] A second theory also exists. In this theory, a general of the division decided the unit should have a shoulder insignia. He decided to cut a red numeral "1" from his flannel underwear. When he showed his prototype to his men, one lieutenant said, "the general’s underwear is showing!" Offended, the general challenged the young lieutenant to come up with something better. So, the young officer cut a piece of gray cloth from the uniform of a captured soldier, and placed the red "1" on top.[20]

1st Infantry Division (United States)
• 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment Vanguards • 1st Battalion, 7th Field Artillery Regiment First Lightning • 299th Brigade Support Battalion Lifeline • 70th Engineer Battalion • 3rd Brigade Combat Team (Infantry) "Duke Brigade" • 3rd Brigade Special Troops Battalion • 6th Squadron, 4th Cavalry Regiment • 2nd Battalion, 2nd Infantry Regiment • 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry Regiment • 1st Battalion, 6th Field Artillery Regiment • 201st Brigade Support Battalion • 4th Brigade Combat Team (Infantry) "Dragon Brigade" • 4th Brigade Special Troops Battalion • 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry Regiment • 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment • 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry Regiment • 2nd Battalion, 32nd Field Artillery Regiment • 701st Brigade Support Battalion • Combat Aviation Brigade, 1st Infantry Division "Demon Brigade" • Headquarters and Headquarters Company • 1st Battalion (Attack), 1st Aviation Regiment with 24 AH-64D Apache Longbow • 2nd Battalion (General Support), 1st Aviation Regiment with 8 UH-60L/M Black Hawk, 12 CH-47E/F Chinook and 10 HH-60L/M Pave Hawk • 3nd Battalion (Assault), 1st Aviation Regiment with 30 UH-60L/M Black Hawk • 1st Squadron, 6th Cavalry Regiment with 24 OH-58 Kiowa • 601st Aviation Support Battalion

Current Structure

OrBat 1st Infantry Division 1st Infantry Division consists of the following elements: • 1st Brigade Combat Team (Heavy) "Devil Brigade" • 1st Brigade Special Troops Battalion • D Troop, 4th Cavalry Regiment • 1st Battalion, 34th Armor Regiment (Soon to be re-flagged 4/4 Cavalry) • 2nd Battalion, 34th Armor Regiment • 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment • 1st Battalion, 5th Field Artillery Regiment • 101st Brigade Support Battalion • 2nd Brigade Combat Team (Heavy) "Dagger Brigade" • 2nd Brigade Special Troops Battalion "Griffins" • 5th Squadron, 4th Cavalry Regiment • 1st Battalion, 63rd Armor Regiment "Dragons"

Honors
Campaign participation credit
• 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. • World War I: Montdidier-Noyon Aisne-Marne St. Mihiel Meuse-Argonne Lorraine 1917 Lorraine 1918 Picardy 1918 World War II:

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. • 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. • 1. 2. 3. • 1. Algeria-French Morocco (with arrowhead) Tunisia Sicily (with arrowhead) Normandy (with arrowhead) Northern France Rhineland Ardennes-Alsace Central Europe Vietnam: Defense Counteroffensive Counteroffensive, Phase II Counteroffensive, Phase III Tet Counteroffensive Counteroffensive, Phase IV Counteroffensive, Phase V Counteroffensive, Phase VI Tet 69/Counteroffensive Summer-Fall 1969 Winter-Spring 1970 Southwest Asia: Defense of Saudi Arabia Liberation and Defense of Kuwait Cease-Fire Global War on Terrorism Operation Iraqi Freedom II

1st Infantry Division (United States)
• BG John A. Seitz January 1960 – February 1960 • MG Theodore W. Parker February 1960 – May 1961 • BG John A. Berry, Jr. May 1961 – June 1961 • BG William B. Kunzig July 1961 – August 1961 • MG John F. Ruggles August 1961 – January 1963 • MG Arthur W. Oberbeck January 1963 – January 1964 • MG Jonathan O. Seaman February 1964 – March 1966 • MG William E. DePuy March 1966 – December 1966 • MG John H. Hay, Jr. January 1967 – February 1968 • MG Keith L. Ware February–September 1968 • MG Orwin C. Talbott September 1968 – August 1969 • MG Albert E. Milloy August 1969 – February 1970 • BG John Q. Henion March 1970 – April 1970 • MG Robert R. Linvill April 1970 – January 1971 • MG Edward M. Flanagan, Jr. January 1971 – December 1972 • MG G. J. Duquemin January 1973 – August 1974 • MG Marvin D. Fuller August 1974 – May 1976 • MG Calvert P. Benedict May 1976 – May 1978

• MG Robert L. Bullard December 1917 – July 1918 • MG Charles P. Summerall July–October 1918 • BG Frank Parker October–November 1918 • MG Edward F. McGlachlin November 1918 – September 1919 • MG Charles P. Summerall October 1919 – June 1921 • MG David C. Shanks July–November 1921 • MG Charles T. Menoher November 1921 – January 1922 • MG Harry C. Hale February–December 1922 • BG William S. Graves December 1922 – July 1925 Decorations • BG Preston Brown July 1925 – January 1. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) 1926 for VIETNAM 1968 • BG Frank Parker 2. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) January–May 1926 for SOUTHWEST ASIA • BG Hugh A. Drum 3. Army Superior Unit Award for 1997 May 1926 – May 4. French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World 1927 War II for KASSERINE • MG Fox Conner 5. French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World May–September War II for NORMANDY 1927 6. French Croix de Guerre, World War II, • BG Hugh A. Drum Fourragere September 1927 – 7. Belgian Fourragere 1940 January 1930 8. Cited in the Order of the Day of the • BG William P. Belgian Army for action at MONS Jackson 9. Cited in the Order of the Day of the January–March 1930 Belgian Army for action at EUPEN• MG Briant H. Wells MALMEDY March–September 10. Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry 1930 with Palm for VIETNAM 1965–1968 • BG Lucius R. 11. Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Holbrook October Medal, First Class for VIETNAM 1930 – November 1965–1970 1935 • BG Charles D. Commanding Generals Roberts November • MG William L. Sibert • MG Harvey H. 1935 – February June–December 1917 Fischer December 1936 1958 – January 1960

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• MG Frank Parker February–March 1936 • MG Stanley H. Ford March–October 1936 • BG Perry L. Miles October 1936 – October 1937 • COL William P. Ennis November–December 1937 • BG Laurence Halstead December 1937 – January 1938 • MG Walter C. Short October 1938 – September 1940 • MG Karl Truesdell October–December 1940 • MG Donald Cubbison January 1941 – May 1942 • MG Terry Allen May 1942 – August 1943 • MG Clarence R. Huebner August 1943 – December 1944 • MG Clift Andrus December 1944 – May 1946 • MG Frank W. Milburn June 1946 – May 1949 • BG Ralph J. Canine May–September 1949 • MG John E. Dahlquist September 1949 – July 1951 • MG Thomas S. Timberman July 1951 – December 1952 • MG Charles T. Lanham January 1953 – June 1954 • MG Guy S. Meloy, Jr. June 1954 – December 1955 • MG Willis S. Matthews January 1956 – April 1957

1st Infantry Division (United States)

• MG Phillip Kaplan • MG David H. • BG Perry L. Wiggins May 1978 – July Buchanan April 1957 July 2008 – April 1980 – October 1958 2009 • MG Edward A. • BG Forrest Caraway • MG Vincent K. Partain July 1980 – October 1958 – Brooks April 2009 December 1982 December 1958 Present • MG Neal Creighton December 1982 – June 1984 • MG Ronald L. Watts• The Big Red One (1980), a movie about the division’s experiences in WWII written June 1984 – April by Samuel Fuller who served in the 1986 division during WWII. • MG Leonard P. • Call of Duty: Finest Hour (2004), a video Wishart III April game that involves a squad of the 1st 1986 – July 1988 Infantry Division in several missions. • MG Gordon R. Sullivan July 1988 – • Call of Duty 2: Big Red One (2005), a video game focusing on the division in July 1989 • MG Thomas Rhame WWII was released on November 1, 2005 July 1989 – August • Cantigny, the former estate of Col. Robert R. McCormick, is where the 1st Infantry 1991 Division Museum is located. The museum • MG William W. showcases the history of the 1st Infantry Hartzog August Division, from their involvement in World 1991 – July 1993 • MG Josue Robles, Jr. War I to the present, along with several tanks situated outside the museum dating July 1993 – June from World War I to the present. 1994 • MG Randolph W. • First Division Monument House June 1994 – February 1996 • MG Montgomery [1] "Brooks takes command of 1st Infantry Meigs March 1996 – Division, Fort Riley during ceremony," July 1997 ’http://www.fox4kc.com/news/sns-ap-ks• MG David L. Grange -1stinfantry-command,0,3817388.story’ August 1997 – The Associated Press. April 15, 2009. August 1999 Retrieved April 22, 2009. • MG John P. Abizaid [2] ^ "1st Infantry Division - History". August 1999 – United States Army. September 2000 http://www.1id.army.mil/bigredone/ • MG Bantz J. history.aspx. Retrieved on August 12, Craddock 2008. September 2000 – [3] "1st Infantry Division". August 2002 • MG John R.S. Batiste GlobalSecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ August 2002 – June agency/army/1id.htm. Retrieved on 2005 August 12, 2008. • MG Kenneth W. [4] Order of Battle of the United States Land Hunzeker June 2005 Forces in the World War, American – August 2006 Expeditionary Forces: Divisions, Volume • MG Carter F. Ham 2 August 2006 – [5] [1] August 2007 [6] 2nd Battalion 16th Infantry on Ft. Riley’s • MG Robert E. web site Durbin July 2007 – [7] ^ "1st Battalion, 28th Infantry Regiment July 2008 "Black Lions"". GlobalSecurity.org. July

See also

References

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
17, 2006. http://www.globalsecurity.org/ military/agency/army/1-28in.htm. Retrieved on February 9, 2007. [8] "Army News Service: "1st Division Soldier identified, laid to rest"". http://www.army.mil/-news/2006/10/25/ 433-1st-division-soldier-identified-laid-torest/. Retrieved on August 10, 2008. [9] "Rags (1916–1936) - Find A Grave Memorial". Find A Grave. January 1, 2001. http://www.findagrave.com/cgibin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=1828. Retrieved on October 4, 2007. [10] ^ "Commanders of 1st Infantry Division". http://www.army.mil/CMH/matrix/1ID/ 1ID-Cdrs.htm. [11] "The Louisiana Maneuvers". State of Louisiana National Guard. http://www.la.ngb.army.mil/dmh/ immm_hist.htm. Retrieved on February 7, 2008. [12] "US Army history of the operation". http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/brochures/ algeria/algeria.htm. [13] "Omaha Beachhead". Historical Division, War Department. September 20, 1945. p30. http://www.army.mil/cmh/books/ wwii/100-11/ch2.htm. Retrieved on June 10, 2007. [14] "Omaha Beachhead". Historical Division, War Department. September 20, 1945. p30–33. http://www.army.mil/cmh/books/ wwii/100-11/ch2.htm. Retrieved on June 10, 2007. [15] "Omaha Beachhead". Historical Division, War Department. September 20, 1945. p38–39. http://www.army.mil/cmh/books/ wwii/100-11/ch3.htm. Retrieved on June 10, 2007. [16] "Omaha Beachhead". Historical Division, War Department. September 20, 1945. p40. http://www.army.mil/cmh/books/ wwii/100-11/ch3.htm. Retrieved on June 10, 2007. [17] "Omaha Beachhead". Historical Division, War Department. September 20, 1945. p48–49. http://www.army.mil/cmh/books/ wwii/100-11/ch3.htm. Retrieved on June 10, 2007. [18] "South Dakota State University bio". http://www3.sdstate.edu/Academics/ CollegeOfArtsAndScience/ MilitaryScience/Alumni/ DistinguishedAlumni/DePuy/. Retrieved on July 10, 2007. [19] TIME Magazine obituary.

1st Infantry Division (United States)
[20] ^ "The Big Red One Patch". Society of the First Infantry Division. http://www.1stid.org/history/patch.cfm. Retrieved on October 19, 2008.

Further reading
• Rags, The Dog who went to war, Jack Rohan, Diggory Press, ISBN 978-1846853647 • Bonded by Blood, Clayton Walk

External links
• Official 1st Infantry Division website • U.S. Army, 1st Infantry Division After Action Reports, 1940–1945, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library • American D-Day: Omaha Beach, Utah Beach & Pointe du Hoc • Duty First: The 1st Infantry Division’s award-winning quarterly magazine • The Society of the First Infantry Division website • 16th Infantry Regiment Association "Semper Paratus" Website • Commanders of 1st Infantry Division • GlobalSecurity.org page on 1ID • The First! The Story of the 1st Infantry Division (WWII divisional history booklet, 1945) • Institute of Heraldy • Society of the First Infantry Division • 26 photos of First Division Memorial at "Sites of Memory" • Big Red One MVCG Belgium MONS (Belgian Big Red One re-enactment unit) • 1st ID Operation Iraqi Freedom II Memorial Video • ECHOES OF WAR: STORIES FROM THE BIG RED ONE -- An interactive digital media experience broadcasted on PBS stations in September 2007. The two live television programs originated from the First Division Museum a Cantigny Park in Wheaton, Illinois. They showcased interviews with BRO veterans of World War II as well as combat footage and museum exhibits. Also linked to this web page are social studies lessons plans, webisodes, and other useful links. • The Duty First, Belgian re-enactment group, Belgium/Houtain-le-Val • 1st Division, World War I references • CANTIGNY FIRST DIVISION ORAL HISTORY PROJECT -- web streamed and

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
transcribed interviews with 40 veterans of the Big Red One who served since 1945.

1st Infantry Division (United States)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Infantry_Division_(United_States)" Categories: Infantry divisions of the United States Army, Military in Kansas, Military units and formations established in 1917, Military units and formations of the United States in the Vietnam War, United States divisions of World War I, World War II divisions of the United States, Divisions of the United States Army This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 03:46 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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