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The Championships, Wimbledon

The Championships, Wimbledon
hard court U.S. Open follows. The grass court Queen’s Club Championships also in London is a popular warm up tournament for Wimbledon. Wimbledon traditions include the eating of strawberries and cream, royal patronage, and a strict dress code for competitors. Play has often been interrupted by rain, though delays are set to be reduced with the fitting of a retractable roof to Centre Court.

Official web Location Wimbledon, London Borough of Merton United Kingdom The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club Grass / Outdoor 128S (128Q) / 64D (16Q) [1] 128S (96Q) / 64D (16Q) 48D £ 12,550,000


Venue Surface Men’s draw Women’s draw Mixed draw Prize money Grand Slam • • • •

Sébastien Grosjean takes a shot on Court 18 during the 2004 championships

Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open

The beginning
The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, which is responsible for staging the world’s leading tennis tournament, is a private club founded in 1868, originally as ’The All England Croquet Club’. Its first ground was situated off Worple Road, Wimbledon. In 1875 lawn tennis, a game devised by Major Walter Clopton Wingfield a year or so earlier and originally called ’Sphairistike’, was added to the activities of the Club. In the spring of 1877 the Club was re-titled ’The All England Croquet and Lawn Tennis Club’ and signalled its change of name by instituting the first Lawn Tennis Championship. A new code of laws (replacing the code until then administered by the Marylebone Cricket Club) was drawn up for the event. These laws have stood the test of time and today’s rules are similar except for details such as the

The Championships, Wimbledon, or simply Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world and is widely considered the most prestigious.[2][3][4] It has been held at the All England Club in the London suburb of Wimbledon since 1877. It is one of the four Grand Slam tennis tournaments, and the only one still played on grass courts. The tournament takes place over two weeks in late June and early July, culminating with the gentlemen’s singles final, scheduled for the second Sunday. As of the 2008 tournament, five major events are contested, as well as four junior events and four invitational events. The hard court Australian Open and clay court French Open precede Wimbledon. The


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height of the net and posts and the distance of the service line from the net. The only event held in 1877 was the Gentlemen’s Singles which was won by Spencer Gore, an old Harrovian rackets player, from a field of 22. About 200 spectators paid one shilling each to watch the final. The lawns at the Ground were arranged in such a way that the principal court was situated in the middle with the others arranged around it; hence the title ’Centre Court’, which was retained when the Club moved in 1922 to the present site in Church Road, although not a true description of its location. However, in 1980 four new courts were brought into commission on the north side of the ground, which meant the Centre Court was once more correctly defined. The opening of the new No. 1 Court in 1997 emphasised the description. By 1882 activity at the Club was almost exclusively confined to lawn tennis and that year the word ’croquet’ was dropped from the title. However, for sentimental reasons, it was restored in 1889 and since then the title has remained The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. In 1884, the All England Club added Ladies’ Singles and Gentlemen’s Doubles. Ladies’ Doubles and Mixed Doubles were added in 1913. Until 1922, the reigning champion had to play only in the final, against whoever had won through to challenge him. As with the other three Grand Slam events, Wimbledon was contested by top-ranked amateur players until the advent of the open era in tennis in 1968. Britons are very proud of the tournament, though it is a source of national anguish and humour – no British man has won the singles event at Wimbledon since Fred Perry in 1936, and no British woman since Virginia Wade in 1977, although Annabel Croft and Laura Robson have won the Girls’ championship in 1984 and 2008 respectively. The Championship was first televised in 1937.

The Championships, Wimbledon
quality of the event for spectators, players, officials and neighbours. Stage one of the Plan was completed for the 1997 Championships and involved building in Aorangi Park the new No. 1 Court, a Broadcast Centre, two extra grass courts and a tunnel under the hill linking Church Road and Somerset Road. Stage two involved the removal of the old No. 1 Court complex to make way for the new Millennium Building, providing extensive facilities for the players, press, officials and Members, and the extension of the West Stand of the Centre Court with 728 extra seats. Stage three has been completed with the construction of an entrance building, housing Club staff, museum, bank and ticket office.[5] A new retractable roof is planned to be in operation for the 2009 Championships, marking the first time in the tournament’s history that rain will not stop play on Centre Court. The All England Club tested the new roof at an event called A Centre Court Celebration on Sunday 17 May 2009, which featured exhibition matches involving Andre Agassi, Steffi Graf, Kim Clijsters and Tim Henman.[6]

Wimbledon includes five main events, four junior events and four invitation events.[7]

Main events
The five main events, and the number of players (or teams, in the case of doubles) include the following: • Gentlemen’s Singles (128 draw) • Ladies’ Singles (128 draw) • Gentlemen’s Doubles (64 draw) • Ladies’ Doubles (64 draw) • Mixed Doubles (48 draw)

Junior events
The four junior events and the number of players or teams include the following: • Boys’ Singles (64 draw) • Boys’ Doubles (32 draw) • Girls’ Singles (64 draw) • Girls’ Doubles (32 draw) The mixed doubles event is not held at the junior level.

Wimbledon in the 21st Century
Wimbledon is widely considered to be the premier tennis tournament in the world and the priority of The All England Lawn Tennis Club, which hosts The Championships, is to maintain its leadership into the twenty-first century. To that end a Long Term Plan was unveiled in 1993, which will improve the


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The Championships, Wimbledon
Netherlands, both combining mixed events. The other women’s warm-up tournament for Wimbledon is Birmingham, also in England. And to bring the grass court season to an end after the Championships each year there is a tournament held overseas at Newport, Rhode Island, US. Wimbledon is scheduled for 13 days, beginning on a Monday and ending on a Sunday with the middle Sunday a designated rest day. The five main events span both weeks, but the youth and invitational events are held mainly during the second week. Traditionally, there is no play on the "Middle Sunday", which is considered a rest day. However, rain has forced play on the Middle Sunday three times in the Championship’s history: in 1991, 1997, and 2004. On each of these occasions, Wimbledon has staged a "People’s Sunday", with unreserved seating and readily available, inexpensive tickets, allowing those with more limited means to sit on the show courts. Additionally, if the tournament is not completed by the end of the second Sunday, all remaining matches are postponed until "People’s Monday".

Invitation events
The four invitational and the number of pairs include the following: • Gentlemen’s Invitation Doubles (8 pairs Round Robin)[8] • Senior Gentlemen’s Invitation Doubles (8 pairs Round Robin)[9] • Ladies’ Invitation Doubles (8 pairs Round Robin)[10] • Gentlemen’s Wheelchair Doubles (4 pairs)[11]

Match formats
Matches in the Gentlemen’s Singles and Gentlemen’s Doubles competitions are best-offive sets. Matches in all other events are best-of-three sets. A tiebreak game is played if the score reaches 6-6 in any set except the fifth (in a five-set match) or the third (in a three-set match), in which case a two-game lead must be reached. All events are single-elimination tournaments[12], except for the Gentlemen’s Invitation Doubles and the Ladies’ Invitation Doubles, both of which are round-robin tournaments. Until 1922, the winners of the previous year’s competition (except in the Ladies Doubles and Mixed Doubles) were automatically granted byes into the final round (then known as the challenge round). This led to many winners retaining their titles for successive years, as they were able to rest while their opponent competed from the start of the competition. From 1922, the prior-year’s champions were not granted byes but were required to play all the rounds, like other tournament competitors.

Players and seeding
A total of 128 players feature in each singles event, 64 pairs in each single-sex doubles event, and 48 pairs in Mixed Doubles. Players and doubles pairs are admitted to the main events on the basis of their international rankings, with consideration also given to their previous performances at grasscourt events. Currently (since 2001) 32 male and female players are given seedings in the Gentlemen’s and Ladies’ singles while 16 teams are seeded in the doubles events. The Committee of Management and the Referee evaluate all applications for entry, and determine which players may be admitted to the tournament directly. The committee may admit a player without a high enough ranking as a wild card. Usually, wild cards are players who have performed well during previous tournaments, or would stimulate public interest in Wimbledon by participating. The only wild card to win the Gentlemen’s Singles Championship was Goran Ivanišević in 2001. Players and pairs who neither have high enough rankings nor receive wild cards may participate in a qualifying tournament held one week before Wimbledon at the Bank of England Sports

Each year, the tournament begins on the Monday falling between 20 and 26 June, which is six weeks before the first Monday in August. Wimbledon begins two weeks after the Queen’s Club Championships, which is one of the men’s major warm-up tournaments for Wimbledon. Another important men’s warmup tournament is the Gerry Weber Open, which is held in Halle, Germany during the same week as the Queen’s Club Championships. Other important grass-court tournaments before Wimbledon are Eastbourne, England, and ’s-Hertogenbosch in the


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Ground in Roehampton. The singles qualifying competitions are three-round events; the same-sex doubles competitions last for only one round. There is no qualifying tournament for Mixed Doubles. No qualifier has won either the Gentlemen’s Singles or the Ladies’ Singles tournaments. The furthest that any qualifier has progressed in the main draw of a Singles tournament is the semi-final round: John McEnroe in 1977, Vladimir Voltchkov in 2000 (Gentlemen’s Singles), and Alexandra Stevenson in 1999 (Ladies’ Singles). Players are admitted to the junior tournaments upon the recommendations of their national tennis associations, on their International Tennis Federation world rankings and, in the case of the singles events, on the basis of a qualifying competition. The Committee of Management determines which players may enter the four invitational events. The Committee seeds the top players and pairs on the basis of their rankings. However, the Committee does also change the seedings due to a player’s previous grass court performance. A majority of the entrants are unseeded. Only two unseeded players have ever won the Gentlemen’s Singles Championship: Boris Becker in 1985 and Goran Ivanišević in 2001. (In 1985 there were only 16 seeds and Becker was ranked 20th at the time; Ivanišević, however, was ranked 125th when he won as a Wild Card entrant.) No unseeded player has captured the Ladies’ Singles title; the lowest seeded female champion was Venus Williams, who won in 2007 as the twenty-third seed, beating her own record from 2005, when Williams won as the fourteenth seed. Unseeded pairs have won the doubles titles on numerous occasions; the 2005 Gentlemen’s Doubles champions were not only unseeded, but also (for the first time ever) qualifier.

The Championships, Wimbledon

The order of play for all courts is displayed on boards around the grounds second time in three months in 2012 as Wimbledon will host the tennis events of the 2012 Olympic Games. One of the show courts is also used for home games for the GB teams in the Davis Cup. Wimbledon is the only Grand Slam event played on grass courts. At one time, all the Grand Slam events, except the French Open, were played on grass. The U.S. Open abandoned grass for a synthetic clay surface in 1975 and changed again to a hard surface (DecoTurf) with its 1978 move to its current venue. The Australian Open abandoned grass for Rebound Ace, a different type of hard surface, in 1988, and switched to yet another type of hard surface, Plexicushion, in 2008. The principal court, Centre Court, was opened in 1922 when the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club moved from Worple Road to Church Road. This change of venue was due to the huge crowd pressure at Worple Road to see the French phenomenon Suzanne Lenglen, and for which that ground proved completely inadequate. Due to the possibility of rain during Wimbledon, a retractable roof has been installed and will be in operation for the 2009 Championship. The retractable roof is designed to close/open in about 10 minutes and will be closed primarily to protect play from inclement (and, if necessary, extremely hot) weather during The Championships.[13] When the roof is being opened or closed play will be suspended. The court has a capacity of 15,000. At its south end is the Royal Box, from which members of the Royal Family and other dignitaries watch matches. Centre Court usually hosts the finals and semi-finals of the main events, as well as many matches

The nineteen courts used for Wimbledon are all composed purely of rye grass. The main show courts, Centre Court and No. 1 Court, are normally used only for two weeks a year, during the Championships, but play can extend into a third week in exceptional circumstances. The remaining seventeen courts are regularly used for other events hosted by the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. The show courts will, however, be pressed into action for the


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in the earlier rounds involving top-seeded players or local favourites.

The Championships, Wimbledon

No.1 Court The second most important court is No. 1 Court. The court was constructed in 1997 to replace the old No. 1 Court, which was adjacent to Centre Court. The old No. 1 Court was demolished because its capacity for spectators was too low. The court was said to have had a unique, more intimate atmosphere and was a favourite of many players. The new No. 1 Court has a capacity of approximately 11,000. From 2009 a new No. 2 Court will be used at Wimbledon with a capacity for 4,000 people. To obtain planning permission the playing surface is around 3.5m below ground level, ensuring that the single storey structure is only about 3.5m above ground level, and thus not impacting local views[14]. Plans to build on the current site of Court 13 were dismissed due to the high capacity of games that will be played at the 2012 Olympic Games. The old Court No.2 Court will be renamed as Court No.3. The old Court No.2 was also known as the "Graveyard of Champions" due to its reputation as the court on which many seeded players were eliminated during the early rounds. Famous players who have lost there during early rounds include Ilie Nastase, John McEnroe, Boris Becker, Andre Agassi, Pete Sampras, Martina Hingis, Venus Williams, and Serena Williams. The court has a capacity of about 3,000. At the northern end of the grounds is a giant television screen on which important matches are broadcast. Fans watch from an area of grass officially known as the Aorangi Terrace, but more commonly called Henman Hill. The "hill" takes its name from local favourite Tim Henman, who many fans once hoped would become the first British man to

Terracotta Warriors win the tournament since Fred Perry did so in 1936. When other British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often re-named by the press for them: Greg Rusedski’s followers convened at "Rusedski Ridge", and Andy Murray has had the hill nicknamed "Murray Mound", "Mount Murray", or "Murray Field" (after the Scottish rugby stadium).


Wimbledon ball girl at the net, 2007

Ball boys and ball girls
In the championship games, ball boys and girls, known as BBGs, play a crucial role in the smooth running of the tournament, with a brief that a good BBG "should not be seen. They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly."[15]. From 1947 ball boys were supplied by Goldings [16], the only Barnardos school to provide them. Previous to this, from the


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The Championships, Wimbledon
since 1977, appearing on centre court since 1985[19]. Prospective BBGs are first nominated by their school headteacher, to be considered for selection. To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material. Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment. As of 2008, this training intake was 600. The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self confident and adaptable to situations. As of 2007, early training occurs at Sutton Junior Tennis Centre, and then moves to the main courts after Easter. Christopher Raby from Overton Grange School is the only ballboy to have been bag boy for two consecutive men’s finals, in 2006 and 2007, both between Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal. He carried Nadal’s in 2006 and Federer’s in 2007. After the 2004 Championships ballboy Jack Bunnage was voted most effective ball boy of all time after a series of impressive Centre Court displays, including the mens singles final between Roger Federer and Andy Roddick.

Court 10 - on the outside courts there is no reserved seating

Evening on the first Friday of the 2004 championships 1920s onwards, the ball boys had been provided by The Shaftsbury Children’s Home. Since 1969, BBGs have been provided by local schools. As of 2008 they are drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton, Sutton, Kingston and Wandsworth, as well as from Surrey[17]. BBGs have an average age of 15, being drawn from the school years nine and ten. BBGs will serve for one, or if reselected, two tournaments. As of 2005, BBGs work in crews of six, 2 at the net, 4 at the corners, and crews rotate one hour on court, one hour off, (two hours depending on the court) for the day’s play[18]. Crews are not told which court they will be working on the day, to ensure the same standards across all courts. With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of 2008, the number of BBGs required is around 250. BBG service is unpaid and is seen as a privilege, but it is seen as a valuable addition to a school leavers curriculum vitae, showing discipline. BBG places are split 50:50 between boys and girls, with girls having been used

Colours and uniforms
Dark green and purple (sometimes also referred to as mauve) are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all white or at least almost all white clothing, a long time tradition at Wimbledon. Wearing white clothing with some colour accents is also acceptable. Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the 2005 Championships; however, beginning with the 2006 Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were outfitted in new navy blue and cream coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren. This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing. Wimbledon’s contract with Ralph Lauren is set to last until 2009.


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The Championships, Wimbledon
Court on 97.8 FM. Hourly news bulletins and travel (using RDS) are also broadcast.

Referring to players
On scoreboards, female players are referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs"; married female players are referred to by their husbands’ names: for example, Chris Evert-Lloyd appeared on scoreboards as "Mrs. J. M. Lloyd" during her marriage to John M. Lloyd. This tradition has continued at least to some extent.[20] The title "Mr" is not used for male players who are professionals on scoreboards but the prefix is retained for amateurs, although chair umpires refer to players as "Mr" when they use the replay challenge. The chair umpire will say "Mr <surname> is challenging the call..." and "Mr <surname> has X challenges remaining."

Television coverage
For over 60 years, the BBC has broadcast the tournament on television in the UK, splitting time for the many matches it covers between its two main terrestrial channels, BBC One and BBC Two. The BBC holds the broadcast rights for Wimbledon until 2014 and it distributes its commercial-free feed to outlets worldwide. During the days of British Satellite Broadcasting, its sports channel carried extra coverage of Wimbledon for subscribers. One of the most notable British commentators was Dan Maskell, who was known as the BBC’s "voice of tennis" until his retirement in 1991. Other regular commentators on UK television include British ex-players Sue Barker, Andrew Castle, Tim Henman and Annabel Croft; and guest veterans such as Boris Becker, John McEnroe, Jimmy Connors and Tracy Austin. Americans have made a tradition of NBC’s "Breakfast at Wimbledon" specials at weekends, where live coverage starts early in the morning (the US being a minimum of 5 hours behind the UK) and continues well into the afternoon, interspersed with commentary and interviews from Bud Collins, whose tennis acumen and (in)famous patterned trousers are well-known to tennis fans in the USA. Collins was sacked by NBC in 2007, but was promptly hired by ESPN, the cable home for The Championships in the States. From 1975 to 1999, premium channel HBO carried weekday coverage of Wimbledon. Hosts included Jim Lampley, Billie Jean King, Martina Navratilova, John Lloyd and Barry MacKay among others.[21] Wimbledon was also involved, unintentionally, in a piece of television history, on 1 July 1967. That was when the first official colour broadcast took place in the UK. Four hours live coverage of Wimbledon was shown on BBC2 (then the only colour channel in the UK), and although footage of that historic match no longer survives, the men’s final that year is still held in the BBC archives because it was the first men’s final transmitted in colour. Since 2007, the most anticipated Wimbledon matches are transmitted in High Definition, on the BBC’s free-to-air channel BBC HD, with continual live coverage during the

Royal family
Previously, players bowed or curtsied to members of the Royal Family seated in the Royal Box upon entering or leaving Centre Court. In 2003, however, the President of the All England Club, HRH The Duke of Kent, decided to discontinue the tradition. Now, players are required to bow or curtsy only if the Queen or the Prince of Wales is present.

Radio Wimbledon
Since 1992, Radio Wimbledon – an on-site radio station with a studio in the Centre Court building – has broadcast commentary, music and speech from 8am to 10pm daily throughout the championship. It also broadcast the draw on the Friday before the start of the tournament. Radio Wimbledon can be heard within a five-mile radius on 87.7 FM, and also online. It operates under a Restricted Service Licence and is arguably the most sophisticated RSL annually in the UK. The main presenters are Sam Lloyd and Ali Barton. Typically they work alternate four-hour shifts. Reporters and commentators include Gigi Salmon, Nick Lestor, Rupert Bell, Nigel Bidmead, Guy Swindells, Lucie Ahl, Nadine Towell and Helen Whitaker. Often they report from the "Crow’s Nest", an elevated building housing the Court 2 and 3 scoreboards which affords views of most of the outside courts. Regular guests include Sue Mappin. In recent years Radio Wimbledon acquired a second low-power FM frequency (within the grounds only) of 96.3 FM for uninterrupted Centre Court commentary, and, from 2006, a third for coverage from No. 1


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tournament of Centre Court and Court No. 1 as well as an evening highlight show (Today at Wimbledon). The BBC’s opening theme music for Wimbledon was composed by Keith Mansfield and is titled "Light and Tuneful". A piece titled "A Sporting Occasion" is the traditional closing theme, though nowadays coverage typically ends either with a montage set to a popular song or with no music at all. In Australia, the Nine Network are the official broadcasters of the event. It is the second of two Grand Slams which are broadcast on free-to-air TV in Australia, the first being the Australian Open which is broadcast by rival Seven Network.

The Championships, Wimbledon
following morning when the line moves towards the Grounds, stewards come through the line and hand out wristbands colourcoded to the specific court. The voucher is then redeemed at the ticket office for the ticket. To get into the show courts, fans will normally have to queue overnight at Wimbledon. This is done by fans from all over the world and is considered part of the Wimbledon experience in itself. Those planning to queue overnight are advised to bring a tent and sleeping bag. Times to queue up vary according to the weather, but anyone queueing up before 9PM on a weekday should be able to get a show court ticket. Queuing for the show courts end after the quarter finals have been completed.

The majority of centre and show court tickets sold to the general public are made available by a public ballot that the All England Club holds at the start of the year. A ballot for tickets has been held since 1924. The ballot has always been substantially oversubscribed. Successful applicants are selected at random by a computer. [22] The All England Club, through its subsidiary The All England Lawn Tennis Ground plc, issues Debentures to tennis fans every five years to raise funds for capital expenditure. Fans who invest thus in the club receive a pair of tickets for every day of the Wimbledon Championships for the five years the investment lasts. [23] Only debenture holders are permitted to sell on their tickets to third parties, although for many years ticket touts have made a habit of ilegally purchasing tickets allocated to non-debenture holders in the draw and selling them for a profit. In 2007 a group of debenture holders in the All England Club created the first website allowing debenture holders to sell tickets directly to members of the public. The new website, , allows debenture holders to sell their own tickets without paying a middle man, thus making the tickets themselves considerably cheaper for consumers. [24] Wimbledon is the only grand slam where fans without tickets for play can queue up and still get seats on Centre Court, Court 1 and Court 2. From 2008, there is a single queue, allotted about 500 seats for each court. When they join the queue fans are handed vouchers with a number on it and the

Trophies and prize money

The Ladies’ (top) and Gentlemen’s singles trophies. The Gentlemen’s Singles champion receives a silver gilt cup 18.5 inches (about 47 cm) in height and 7.5 inches (about 19 cm) in diameter. The trophy has been awarded since 1887, has a pineapple on top, and bears the inscription: "The All England Lawn Tennis


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Club Single Handed Champion of the World." The Ladies’ Singles champion receives a sterling silver salver commonly known as the "Venus Rosewater Dish", or simply the "Rosewater Dish". The salver, which is 18.75 inches (about 48 cm) in diameter, is decorated with figures from mythology. The winners of the Gentlemen’s Doubles, Ladies’ Doubles, and Mixed Doubles events receive silver cups. The runner-up in each event receives an inscribed silver plate. The trophies are usually presented by the President of the All England Club, The Duke of Kent. Prize money was first awarded in 1968, the first year that professional players were allowed to compete in the Championships.[25] In 2008, the prize money for the main events is as follows (the amounts shown for the doubles events are per pair):[26] • Gentlemen’s Singles and Ladies’ Singles Winners £750,000 [27] In 2009, a total of £12,550,000 in prize money will be awarded with the singles champions receiving £850,000 each, an increase of 13.3 percent on 2008. [28]

The Championships, Wimbledon

Wimbledon in popular culture
• Episode seven of the TV show Monty Python’s Flying Circus features a tennisplaying blancmange that attempts to win Wimbledon by turning otherwise normal people into Scotsmen (as, according to the show, Scotland is the "worst tennisplaying nation on Earth"), but is eaten mid-match by a certain Mr and Mrs Brainsample. • In Bon Voyage, Charlie Brown (and Don’t Come Back!!) (1980), Snoopy plays tennis at Wimbledon. • Wimbledon is a 2004 film starring Paul Bettany and Kirsten Dunst as tennis champions. • In an episode of Family Guy, Peter Griffin talks about sneaking into the tournament. • In the episode "Kamp Krusty" in The Simpsons, Krusty the Klown is at Wimbledon when he should be at the camp. • Get Fuzzy: On 20 April 2007, as Satchel is reading a Wikipedia entry about Bucky’s debut album, Bucky implores Satchel to "scroll down to the bit about where I won Wimbledon." • In Anthony Horowitz’s Alex Rider novel Skeleton Key, Alex offers to help at Wimbledon for two chapters. • In episode one of the first series of Peter Kay’s Phoenix Nights the character Kenny played by Archie Kelly can be quoted saying ’I was on centre court, I wasn’t even seeded!’ • An episode of children’s TV cartoon series of Scooby Doo is set at Wimbledon, but bears little or no resemblance to the actual location or championships. • In 2005, Snoop Dogg and Justin Timberlake collaborated on the music single ’Signs’, which features the line "You’ll see Venus and Serena, in the Wimbledon Arena". It is a reference to the Williams sisters, two of the most successful players in women’s tennis.


Roger Federer at the 2005 championships Main article: List of Wimbledon champions (and the Championships by year) • • • • • Gentlemen’s Singles[29] Ladies’ Singles[30] Gentlemen’s Doubles Ladies’ Doubles Mixed Doubles


Singles Champions never World No. 1
• According to Wallis Myers of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail[32] and the

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Record Winner of most Gentlemen’s Singles titles Winner of most consecutive Gentlemen’s Singles titles Era Player(s)

The Championships, Wimbledon

Count Winning years 7 7 1881-86, 1889 1993-95, 1997-2000 1881-86 1976-80 2003-07

Gentlemen since 1877 Before William 1968: Renshaw After Pete 1968: Sampras

Before William 6 1968: Renshaw[31] After Björn 1968: Borg Roger Federer Before Reggie 1968: Doherty & Laurie Doherty 5

Winner of most Gentlemen’s Doubles titles


1897-1901, 1903-05

After Todd 9 1968: Woodbridge Winner of most consecutive Gentlemen’s Doubles titles Before Reggie 1968: Doherty & Laurie Doherty 5

1993-97, 2000 (with Mark Woodforde), 2002-04 (with Jonas Björkman) 1897-1901

After Todd 5 1968: Woodbridge & Mark Woodforde Winner of most Mixed Doubles titles - Gentlemen Before Ken 1968: Fletcher Vic Seixas After Owen 1968: Davidson Winner of most Championships (total: singles, doubles, mixed) Gentlemen Ladies since 1884 Winner of most Ladies’ Singles titles Before Helen 1968: Wills 8 Before William 1968: Renshaw 4


1963, 1965-66, 1968 (with Margaret Court) 1953-56 (3 with Doris Hart, 1 with Shirley Fry Irvin) 1967, 1971, 1973-74 (with Billie Jean King) 1880-1889 (7 singles, 7 doubles) 1993-2004 (9 doubles)

4 14

After Todd 9 1968: Woodbridge

1927-30, 1932-33, 1935, 1938 1978-79,1982-1987, 1990

After / Mar- 9 1968: tina Navrátilová

Winner of most Before Suzanne 5 consecutive Ladies’ 1968: Lenglen Singles titles After / Mar- 6 1968: tina Navrátilová

1919-1923 1982-1987


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Winner of most Ladies’ Doubles titles Before Elizabeth 12 1968: Ryan

The Championships, Wimbledon
1914 (with Agatha Morton), 1919-23, 1925 (with Suzanne Lenglen), 1926 (with Mary Browne), 1927, 1930 (with Helen Wills), 1933-34 (with Simone Mathieu) 1961-62 (with Karen Hantze Susman), 1965 (with Maria Bueno), 1967-68, 1970-71, 1973 (with Rosie Casals), 1972 (with Betty Stove), 1979 (with Martina Navrátilová) 1976 (with Chris Evert), 1979 (with Billie Jean King), 1981-84, 1986 (with Pam Shriver) 1919-23

Billie Jean King


After / Mar- 7 1968: tina Navrátilová Winner of most Before Suzanne 5 consecutive Ladies’ 1968: Lenglen & Doubles titles Elizabeth Ryan After / Mar- 4 1968: tina Navrátilová & Pam Shriver / Natasha Zvereva Winner of most Mixed Doubles titles - ladies Before Elizabeth 7 1968: Ryan

1981-84 1991 (with Larisa Neiland), 1992-94 (Gigi Fernandez)

1919, 1921, 1923 (with Randolph Lycett), 1927 (with Frank Hunter), 1928 (with Patrick Spence), 1930 (with Jack Crawford), 1932 (with Enrique Maier) 1985 (with Paul McNamee), 1993 (with Mark Woodforde), 1995 (with Jonathan Stark), 2003 (with Leander Paes) 1961-1979 (6 singles, 10 doubles, 4 mixed) 1914-1934 (12 doubles, 7 mixed) 1976-2003 (9 singles, 7 doubles, 4 mixed)

After / Mar- 4 1968: tina Navrátilová Winner of most Championships (total: singles, doubles, mixed) ladies Before Billie 1968: Jean King 20

Elizabeth 19 Ryan After / Mar- 20 1968: tina Navrátilová Jean Borotra 223

Miscellaneous Most matches played (men) Most matches played (women) Loser of most singles finals (men or women) 1922-1939, 1948-1964

/ Mar- 326 tina Navrátilová Chris Evert Blanche Bingley Hillyard Goran Ivanišević 7

Lowest-ranked winner (men or women)



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Wildcard winner (men or women) Lowest-ranked winner (women) Youngest winner (men) Youngest winner (Ladies’ Singles) Youngest winner (Ladies’ Doubles) Longest final (men) Goran Ivanišević Venus Williams Boris Becker Lottie Dod Martina Hingis Roger Federer vs Rafael Nadal Lindsay Davenport vs Venus Williams 31st (23rd seed) 17 15 15 2001 2007

The Championships, Wimbledon

1985 1887 1996

4hrs 2008 48mins

Longest final (women)

2hrs 2005 45mins

computer rankings of the Women’s Tennis Association, only seven women have won the Wimbledon singles title since 1921 but never reached the World No. 1 ranking. These are Kathleen McKane Godfree, Cilly Aussem, Karen Hantze Susman, Ann Haydon Jones, Virginia Wade, Conchita Martinez, and Jana Novotna. • The men fared differently, though the men ranked world no.1 have been dominant in Wimbledon, the Open era features a mixed fortune of champions. Two champions reached a career high of world no. 2, these were Goran Ivanisevic and Michael Stich. Richard Krajicek and Pat Cash who both reached a career high of world no. 4 have also won the singles championship; but only one singles champion had reached a career high of world no. 5, he was Jan Kodes in 1973 when many high ranking players were absent.

Notes and references
[1] This means that, in the men’s main draws, there are 128 singles (S) and 64 doubles (D), and there are 128 and 16 entrants in the respective qualifying (Q) draws. [2] Clarey, Christopher (2008-05-07). "Traditional Final: It’s Nadal and Federer". The New York Times. sports/tennis/ 05wimbledon.html?ref=tennis. Retrieved on 2008-07-17. "Federer said[:] ’I love playing him, especially here at Wimbledon, the most prestigious tournament we have.’" [3] Will Kaufman & Heidi Slettedahl Macpherson, ed (2005). "Tennis". Britain And The Americas. 1 : Culture, Politics, and History. ABC-CLIO. pp. p.958. ISBN 1851094318. "this first tennis championship, which later evolved into the Wimbledon Tournament ... continues as the world’s most prestigious event.". [4] Wimbledon’s reputation and why it is considered the most prestigious [5] Wimbledon home page history/history.html

See also
• • • • 2008 Wimbledon Championships List of Wimbledon champions Wimbledon Effect 2012 Summer Olympics venues


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Preceded by French Open Grand Slam Tournament June-July

The Championships, Wimbledon
Succeeded by U.S. Open

[6] Wimbledon home page [25] [ history/prizemoney_history.html> celebration/index.html [26] [ [7] The Championships, Wimbledon 2008 — guide/prizemoney.html> The 2008 Championships [27] Prior to 2007, Wimbledon and the other [8] The men who are eligible for the major tennis tournaments awarded more Gentlemen’s Invitation Doubles are 35 prize money in men’s events than in years old and older. women’s events. In 2007, Wimbledon [9] The men who are eligible for the Senior equalized prize money for women’s Gentlemen’s Invitation Doubles are 45 events, making them equal to the men’s. years old and older. [2] [10] The women who are eligible for the [28] [ Ladies Invitation Doubles are 35 years pressreleases/ old and older. 2009prizemoney_21_04_09.html 2009 [11] There are no age limits for the Championships Prize Money Gentlemen’s Wheelchair Doubles. [29] Last British Gentlemen’s Singles [12] In a single-elimination tournament, a champion: Fred Perry (1936) losing player or team is eliminated from [30] Last British Ladies’ Singles champion: the tournament. Virginia Wade (1977) [13] Wimbledon Website - The Championships [31] In Renshaw’s era, the defending and The All England Lawn Tennis Club champion was exempt from playing in [14] Wimbledon Press Release the main draw, playing only in the final. [15] The Telegraph Strawberries, cream and This policy was abolished in 1922. BBGs, 29 June 2006 [32] Collins, Bud (2008). The Bud Collins [16] Goldings Ballboys History of Tennis: An Authoritative [17] Official Site Ballboys and Ballgirls Encyclopedia and Record Book. New Schools Information York, N.Y: New Chapter Press. pp. 695, [18] Official Site Ballboys and Ballgirls 701-4. ISBN 0-942257-41-3. Background Information [19] Official Site About Wimbledon - Behind the scenes, Ball boys and ball girls • Official site [20] "Mrs. P-Y Hardenne" is used to describe • Official Blog Justine Henin. See [1] (accessed • 3D Map of the Grounds (2007) 2008-Jun-20). • Satellite image of the venue (Google [21] HBO Guides, program schedules, 1975 to Maps) 1999 • BBC Five Live’s coverage of Wimbledon [22] Wimbledon website • Simulation of the new centre court • Goldings’ Wimbledon Ball Boys tickets/ballot.html Coordinates: 51°26′1.48″N 0°12′50.63″W / [23] 51.4337444°N 0.2140639°W / 51.4337444; about/About.aspx -0.2140639 [24]

External links

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