Terry_Gilliam by zzzmarcus

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Terry Gilliam

Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam

Born

Terrence Vance Gilliam 22 November 1940 (1940-11-22) Medicine Lake, Minnesota screenwriter, actor, animator, director, producer 1967 - present Maggie Weston (1973-)

tribute to Kurtzman, to whom he later sent copies. While in college, Gilliam was a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. After finishing college, Gilliam worked briefly for an advertising agency before Kurtzman offered him a job at Help! magazine.

Later life
Gilliam has been married to the British makeup and costume designer Maggie Weston (who worked on Flying Circus, many of the Python movies and Gilliam’s movies up to The Adventures of Baron Munchausen) since 1973. The two have had three children, Amy (b. 1978), Holly (b. 1980), and Harry (b. 1988), who have also appeared in several of Gilliam’s films. In 1968, Gilliam obtained British citizenship and held a dual American and British citizenship for 38 years. In January 2006, he renounced his American citizenship.[1] In an interview with Der Tagesspiegel[2] he described the action as a protest against U.S. President George W. Bush, but in an earlier interview with The Onion AV Club[3] he also indicated that it was related to concerns about future tax liability for his wife and children. As a result of renouncing his citizenship, Gilliam is only permitted to spend 30 days per year in the United States, fewer than ordinary British citizens.[2] Gilliam also maintains a residence in Italy near the Umbria-Tuscany border. He has been instrumental in establishing the annual Umbria Film Festival,[4] held in the nearby hill town of Montone.

Occupation Years active Spouse(s)

Terrence Vance Gilliam (born 22 November 1940) is an American-born British writer, filmmaker, animator and member of the Monty Python comedy troupe. Gilliam is also known for directing several well-regarded films including Brazil (1985), The Fisher King (1991), Twelve Monkeys (1995), and Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998). He is the only "Python" not born in Britain, but gained British citizenship in 1968.

Biography
Early life
Gilliam was born in Medicine Lake, Minnesota. His father was a traveling salesman for Folgers before becoming a carpenter. Gilliam has two siblings: a sister two years younger, and a brother ten years younger. The family moved to Panorama City, California in 1952 because of his sister’s bout of pneumonia. Gilliam attended Birmingham High School where he was class president, senior Prom King, was voted "Most Likely to Succeed", and got straight A’s. During high school, he discovered Mad magazine, which was then edited by Harvey Kurtzman; this later influenced his work. Following high school, he attended Occidental College, at first studying physics, then switching to fine arts before finally majoring in political science. Gilliam contributed to the college magazine, Fang, becoming the editor during his junior year and turning it into a

Career
Animations
Terry Gilliam started his career as an animator and strip cartoonist; one of his early photographic strips for Help! featured future Python cast-member John Cleese. Moving to England, he animated features for Do Not Adjust Your Set, which also featured future Pythons Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin.

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Terry Gilliam
Besides doing the animations, he also appeared in several sketches, though he rarely had any main roles and did considerably less acting in the sketches. He did however have some notable sketch roles such as Cardinal Fang of the Spanish Inquisition, "I Want More Beans!" and the Screaming Queen in a cape and mask singing "Ding dong merrily on high." More frequently, he played parts that no one else wanted to play (generally because they required a lot of make-up or uncomfortable costumes, such as a recurring knight in armour who would end sketches by walking on and hitting one of the other characters over the head with a plucked chicken) and took a number of small roles in the films, including Patsy in Monty Python and the Holy Grail and the jailer in Life of Brian. Gilliam’s surreal animations for Monty Python have a distinctive style. He mixed his own art, characterized by soft gradients and odd, bulbous shapes, with backgrounds and moving cutouts from antique photographs, mostly from the Victorian era.

Terry Gilliam’s animation "Beware of Elephants", which appeared on Do Not Adjust Your Set, inspired the stream-of-consciousness style used in Monty Python’s Flying Circus.

Monty Python

Directing
With the gradual break-up of the Python troupe between The Life of Brian in 1979 and The Meaning of Life in 1982, Gilliam went on to become a motion picture writer and director, especially building upon his experience in the field he had acquired during the making of Monty Python and The Holy Grail. His films are usually highly imaginative fantasies. Most of Gilliam’s movies include plot-lines that seem to occur partly or completely in the characters’ imaginations, raising questions about the definition of identity and sanity. He often shows his opposition to bureaucracy and authoritarian regimes. He also distinguishes "higher" and "lower" layers of society, with a disturbing and ironic style. His movies usually feature a fight or struggle against a great power which may be an emotional situation, a human-made idol, or even the person himself, and the situations do not always end happily. There is often a dark, paranoid atmosphere and unusual characters who formerly were normal members of society. His scripts feature black comedy and often end with a dark tragicomic twist. His films have a distinctive look, often recognizable from just a short clip; Roger Ebert has said "his world is always hallucinatory in

Gilliam as King Arthur’s trusty servant/steed Patsy in Holy Grail Gilliam was a part of Monty Python’s Flying Circus since its outset, at first credited as an animator (his name was listed separately after the other five in the closing credits), later as a full member. His cartoons linked the show’s sketches together, and defined the group’s visual language in other media (such as LP and book covers, and the title sequences of their films).

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Terry Gilliam

Production problems
Gilliam has made a few extremely expensive movies beset with production problems. After the lengthy quarreling with Universal Studios over Brazil, Gilliam’s next picture, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen cost around US$46 million,[6] and then earned only about US$8 million in US ticket sales, as it saw no wide domestic release due to financial issues at Columbia Pictures, which was in the process of being sold at the time. In the mid-1990s, Gilliam and Charles McKeown developed a script for Time Bandits 2; the project never came to be, as several of the original actors had died. He also attempted to direct a version of Charles Dickens’s A Tale of Two Cities, which collapsed due to disagreements over its budget and choice of lead actor. In 1999, Gilliam attempted to film The Man Who Killed Don Quixote, budgeted at US$32.1 million, among the highestbudgeted films to use only European financing; but in the first week of shooting, the actor playing Don Quixote (Jean Rochefort) suffered a herniated disc, and a flood severely damaged the set. The film was canceled, resulting in an insurance claim worth US$15 million. Despite the cancellation, the story behind the whole production was filmed by a second crew hired by Gilliam to document the process. This production story was made into the documentary Lost in La Mancha. In recent years, both Gilliam and the film’s co-lead, Johnny Depp, have expressed interest in reviving the project. However, the insurance company involved in the failed first attempt withheld the rights to the screenplay for several years.[7] The production was finally restarted in 2008. Gilliam has attempted twice to adapt Alan Moore’s Watchmen comics into a film. Both attempts (in 1989 and 1996, respectively) were unsuccessful. Most recently, unforeseeable problems again befell a Gilliam project when actor Heath Ledger died in New York City during the filming of The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus. Gilliam has encountered some successes though. His first successful feature, Time Bandits (1981), earned more than eight times its original budget in the Unites States alone, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1988) was nominated for four Academy Awards (and won, among other European prizes,

’So, you’ve discovered my diamond mine?’ Gilliam appearing in his own film, Jabberwocky its richness of detail."[5] There is often a baroqueness about the movies, with, for instance, high-tech computer monitors equipped with low-tech magnifying lenses in Brazil, and in The Fisher King a red knight covered with flapping bits of cloth. He also is given to incongruous juxtapositions of beauty and ugliness, or antique and modern. Most of his movies are shot almost entirely with extremely wide lenses of 28 mm focal length or less, and extremely deep focus.

Terry Gilliam at IFC Center. 4 October 2006.

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three BAFTA Awards), The Fisher King (1991) (his first film to not feature a member from Python) was nominated for five (and won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress), and 12 Monkeys went on to take over US$168 million worldwide whilst The Brothers Grimm, despite a mixed critical reception, grossed over US$105 million worldwide. However, according to Box Office Mojo, his films have grossed an average of $26,009,723.

Terry Gilliam
advertisements. The advertisements were hugely popular and critically acclaimed.

Slava’s Diabolo
In 2006, Gilliam directed the stage show Slava’s Diabolo created and staged by Russian clown artist Slava Polunin. The show combines Polunin’s clown style, characterized by deep non-verbal expression and interaction with the audience, with Gilliam’s rich visuals and surrealistic imagery. The show premiered at the Noga hall of the Gesher theater in Jaffa, Israel.

Recurring actors in Gilliam-directed films
Gilliam has shown a propensity to work with particular actors in numerous productions. These include all of his fellow Monty Python alumni (Chapman, Cleese, Idle, Jones, and Palin), as well as Jeff Bridges, Johnny Depp, Katherine Helmond, Ian Holm, Michael Jeter, Simon Jones, Heath Ledger, Charles McKeown, Christopher Meloni, Derrick O’Connor, Christopher Plummer, Jonathan Pryce, Jack Purvis, Peter Vaughan, Jim Broadbent, and Robin Williams.

The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus
On 23 January 2007, Gilliam announced that he had been working on a new project with writing partner Charles McKeown. One day later, the fansite Dreams reported[12] that the new project was entitled The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus. On 3 October 2007, Dreams confirmed that Gilliam’s next project would be Imaginarium, slated to star Christopher Plummer and Tom Waits,[13] and scheduled for release in 2009.[14] Production began in December 2007 in London.[15] On 22 January 2008, production of the film was disrupted following the death of Heath Ledger in New York City. Variety reports that Ledger’s involvement had been a "key factor" in the film’s financing.[16] Production was suspended indefinitely by 24 January[17], but in February actors Johnny Depp, Jude Law, and Colin Farrell reportedly signed on to continue Ledger’s role, transforming into multiple incarnations of his character in the "magical" world of the film.[18][19] Thanks to this arrangement, Gilliam made it to complete principal photography on April 15th on schedule, and editing by November 2008.[20] According to the official ParnassusFilm Twitter channel[21][22] launched on March 30th, 2009, the film’s post-production FX work finished on March 31st. The projected release date for this film so far is June 6, 2009, although it is not likely to be released until September 24, 2009. The director has stated his intention to dedicate the film to Ledger.[23]

Gilliam and Harry Potter
J. K. Rowling, author of the Harry Potter series, is a fan of Gilliam’s work. Consequently, he was Rowling’s first choice to direct Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone in 2000. Warner Brothers refused to consider Gilliam as director, instead selecting Chris Columbus for the job.[8] Recently, Gilliam stated in relation to this episode, "I was the perfect guy to do Harry Potter. I remember leaving the meeting, getting in my car, and driving for about two hours along Mulholland Drive just so angry. I mean, Chris Columbus’ versions are terrible. Just dull. Pedestrian."[9] Despite the rumors, Gilliam has stated that he will never direct any Potter film.[10]

The Secret Tournament
In 2002, Gilliam directed a series of television advertisements called Secret Tournament.[11] The advertisements were part of Nike’s World Cup campaign and featured a secret three-on-three tournament between the world’s best players inside a huge tanker ship, with the Elvis Presley song A Little Less Conversation playing during the

Projects in development or shelved

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Terry Gilliam
restarted pre-production in 2008, with Johnny Depp still attached to the project.[27] The film will be reshot completely, and Rochefort’s role will be recast. Michael Palin reportedly entered talks with Gilliam to step in for Rochefort and play Don Quixote. Main production start is planned for 2009.[28] On January 24, 2009, it was announced that Gilliam would direct a project entitled Zero Theorem, produced by Richard D. Zanuck, and set to star Billy Bob Thornton. With a screenplay by Pat Rushin, the film is about a reclusive computer genius who is working on a project which deals with the absurdity of the meaning of life. Filming is set to start on May 1, 2009. [29]

Terry Gilliam in Lost in La Mancha. Gilliam has several projects in various states of development, including an adaptation of Neil Gaiman and Terry Pratchett’s comic fantasy novel Good Omens. Other projects Gilliam has been trying to get off the ground since the 1990s are an adaptation of Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities (starring Mel Gibson), an adaptation of A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court by Mark Twain (which has been adapted into movies several times before), and a script entitled The Defective Detective that Gilliam has co-authored with Richard LaGravenese (who wrote Gilliam’s The Fisher King before). It was rumoured that Gilliam may direct or be involved in the production of - the animated band Gorillaz’ movie. In a September 2006 interview with Uncut magazine, Damon Albarn was reported saying "... we’re making a film. We’ve got Terry Gilliam involved."[24]. However, in a more recent interview with Gorillaz-Unofficial, Jamie Hewlett, the co-creator of the band, stated that since the time of the previous interview, Damon’s and his own fixation on the film had lessened. In an August 2008 Observer interview, Gorillaz band members Albarn and Hewlett revealed the nature and title of the project, Journey to the West, a movie adaptation of the opera of the same name based on a 16th-century Chinese adventure story also known as Monkey.[25] In January 2008, while on set of The Imaginarium of Dr. Parnassus, Gilliam stated that he was looking forward to the project, "But I’m still waiting to see a script!"[26]

Filmography
• Storytime (1968) (animated short) • The Miracle Of Flight (1974) (animated short) • Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975) (co-directed with Terry Jones) • Jabberwocky (1977) • Time Bandits (1981) • The Crimson Permanent Assurance (1983) (a short supporting feature that accompanied Monty Python’s The Meaning of Life) • Brazil (1985) • The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1988) • The Fisher King (1991) • Twelve Monkeys (1995) (inspired by Chris Marker’s La Jetée). • Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998) • The Brothers Grimm (2005) • Tideland (2005) • The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus (2009) • Zero Theorem (in pre-production) • The Man Who Killed Don Quixote (in preproduction)

Awards, nominations and honours
• Brazil (1985) • Los Angeles Film Critics Association Best film, director, and screenplay • The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1988)

Future projects
After regaining the rights to the screenplay of The Man Who Killed Don Quixote Gilliam

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• 3 BAFTA Awards Best Costume Design, Best Make Up Artist, Best Production Design • 3 Silver Ribbons awarded by the Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Best Cinematography, Best Costume Design, Best Production Design • 4 Academy Awards nominations Best Set Decoration, Best Costume Design, Best Visual Effects, Best Makeup • 4 Saturn Awards nominations Best Costumes, Best Fantasy Film, Best Make-Up, Best Special Effects • Hugo Award nomination for Best Dramatic Presentation The Fisher King (1991) • Venice Film Festival Silver Lion Winner • Toronto Film Festival People’s Choice Award Winner Twelve Monkeys (1995) • Berlin Film Festival Reader Jury of the "Berliner Morgenpost" - 3rd Place Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998) • Cannes Film Festival Official Selection The Brothers Grimm (2005) • Venice Film Festival Official Selection Tideland (2005) • San Sebastian Festival Winner of the FIPRESCI Prize[30] An asteroid, 9619 Terrygilliam, is named in his honor. Gilliam was given the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award in 2009 for his contribution to motion picture arts.[31] Terry Gilliam awarded the Fellowship of the Kermodes, by film critic Mark Kermode.[32]

Terry Gilliam
[8] IMDb: Biography for Terry Gilliam. Accessed 2007-04-22. [9] Terry Gilliam Bitter About Potter [10] Gilliam Vows Never To Direct Harry Potter [11] ’The Secret Tournament’ - the Nike World Cup 2002 Advert [12] Dreams: The Imaginarium of Dr Parnassus, a Terry Gilliam film [13] Stubbs, Phil. "The Imaginarium of Dr Parnassus". Dreams. http://www.smart.co.uk/dreams/ parnprev.htm. Retrieved on 2007-10-10. [14] Shawn Adler (2007-11-15). "Ledger A Big Joker When It Comes To New Gilliam Film". MTV. http://moviesblog.mtv.com/ 2007/11/15/ledger-a-big-joker-when-itcomes-to-new-gilliam-film/. Retrieved on 2007-12-30. [15] "Gilliam, Ledger reteam for film". Variety. 2007-10-31. http://www.variety.com/article/ VR1117975156.html?categoryid=1236&cs=1. Retrieved on 2007-12-30. [16] Adam Dawtrey (2008-01-23). "’Parnassus’ team faces dilemma". Variety. http://www.variety.com/article/ VR1117979492.html?categoryid=13&cs=1. Retrieved on 2008-01-23. [17] Christine Kilpatrick (2008-01-24). "Production Suspended on Heath Ledger’s Latest Movie". People. http://www.people.com/people/article/ 0,,20173511,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-24. [18] "Moriarty" (2008-02-15). "AICN EXCLUSIVE! We Know Who’s Paying Tribute To Heath Ledger In DR. PARNASSUS Now!". Ain’t It Cool News. http://www.aintitcool.com/node/35623. Retrieved on 2008-02-17. "...we’re going to see Heath Ledger’s work in Terry Gilliam’s new film, and that we’re also going to see three very interesting actors step up to offer interpretations of him...now we’ve got the names verified... JOHNNY DEPP. ... JUDE LAW. ... COLIN FARRELL." [19] Shawn Adler (2008-02-15). "Heath Ledger’s Final Film To Go Forward With Johnny Depp, Jude Law, Colin Farrell in His Role". MTV. http://www.mtv.ca/news/ article.jhtml?id=7086. Retrieved on 2008-02-15. "Report: The three actors have signed on to complete film. ...

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Notes
[1] CBS News "ShowBUZZ": Terry Gilliam Sounds Off, 2006-10-06 [2] ^ oew/dpa/ddp (10 February 2006). Kopflos am Potsdamer Platz. tagesspiegel ((German), retrieved 15 September 2007) [3] AV Club interview [4] Umbria Film Festival web site [5] The Brothers Grimm Review [6] Box Office Mojo [7] Dreams: The Man Who Killed Don Quizote

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Terry Gilliam

Heath Ledger died last month at the age film/film-nominationsof 28, but his final performance will live in-2009,657,BA.html. Retrieved on 8 on - thanks to a little creativity and some February, 2009. famous friends. ... Johnny Depp, Jude [32] "BBC - The Culture Show: The Kermodes Law and Colin Farrell have all signed on 2009: For the Record". bbc.co.uk. BBC. to film scenes as Ledger’s character in http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/ Terry Gilliam’s ’The Imaginarium of thecultureshow/2009/02/theDoctor Parnassus,’ a magical re-telling of kermodes-2009-for-the-reco.html. the Faust story, according to Retrieved on 23 February, 2009. Aintitcoolnews.com. The announcement serves as a tribute to the man many have called one of the best actors of his • Gilliam, Terry and Christie, Ian (Ed.) generation." (1999). Gilliam On Gilliam. Faber & Faber. [20] [Dreams: 2008 News Blog ISBN 0-571-19190-8 http://www.smart.co.uk/dreams/ • McCabe, Bob (1999). Dark Knights And tgnews08.htm] Holy Fools: The Art And Films of Terry [21] http://twitter.com/ParnassusFilm Gilliam. Diane Pub Co. ISBN 078930290X [22] [Dreams: 2009 News Blog • From Fringe To Flying Circus: Celebrating http://www.smart.co.uk/dreams/ A Unique Generation Of Comedy, tgnews09.htm#Mar 1960-1980 - Roger Wilmut, Eyre Methuen [23] Natasha Stoynoff (2008-01-28). "Show Ltd, 1980. Will Go On for Heath’s Last Movie, Says Costar". People. http://www.people.com/ people/article/0,,20174404,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-28. • Terry Gilliam - Official Website [24] Williamson, Nigel (November 2006 issue, • Terry Gilliam at the Internet Movie pg 88). "West London Calling". Uncut. Database http://gorillaz-news.livejournal.com/ • Dreams - exclusive interviews with Gilliam 169939.html#cutid1. Retrieved on and coverage of his films 2006-10-11. • Senses of Cinema: Terry Gilliam [25] Monkey magic, The Observer, 10 August • The Terry Gilliam Files - Interviews and 2008 behind-the-scenes production stories [26] Dreams: 2008 News Blog • Extensive Terry Gilliam Filmography and [27] Alica-Azania Jarvis (2008-08-04). Biography "Pandora: Don Quixote rides again, says • The Onion: Terry Gilliam Barbecue delighted Gilliam". The Independent. Plagued By Production Delays http://www.independent.co.uk/opinion/ • Terry Gilliam’s Cinématon. A 4 minutes columnists/pandora/pandora-donportrait by Gérard Courant quixote-rides-again-says-delightedInterviews gilliam-884243.html. Retrieved on • Onion A.V. Club Interview (05/1998) 2008-08-04. • Onion A.V. Club Interview (02/2003) [28] "Monty Python - Palin to act alongside • Onion A.V. Club Interview (10/2006) Depp?". Contact Music. 2008-05-26. • Interview: Terry Gilliam (Badmouth.net) http://www.contactmusic.com/news.nsf/ • IGN’s Four Part interview with Gilliam article/ • Salon palin%20to%20act%20alongside%20depp_1069633. Interview (06/1998) • Terry Gilliam video interview, BBC Retrieved on 2008-07-25. Hardtalk Extra [29] Brendon Connolly (2009-01-24). "Terry • Excerpt of interview from The Comics Gilliam’s Zero Theorem to Shoot in May, Journal - November 1995 Billy Bob Thornton to Star".

References

External links

http://www.slashfilm.com/2009/01/24/ terry-gilliams-zero-theorem-to-shoot-inmay-billy-bob-thornton-to-star/. [30] 2005 FIPRESCI [31] "Film Winners in 2009". bafta.org. BAFTA. http://www.bafta.org/awards/

Persondata NAME Gilliam, Terry Vance ALTERNATIVE Gilliam, Terry NAMES

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SHORT American film director, anDESCRIPTION imator and actor DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH 22 November 1940 Medicine Lake, Minnesota, U.S. DATE OF DEATH PLACE OF DEATH

Terry Gilliam

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terry_Gilliam" Categories: Films directed by Terry Gilliam, American animators, American film directors, British animators, British film directors, Monty Python members, Copywriters, Occidental College alumni, People from Hennepin County, Minnesota, American expatriates in the United Kingdom, 1940 births, Living people, People from Highgate, BAFTA winners (people) This page was last modified on 23 May 2009, at 14:25 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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