Rapture - PDF by zzzmarcus

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Part of a series on Eschatology The Messiah common1 Apocalypticism other views 2012


tab "common", is about all the studies and events around eschatology in different religions. These links are linking to "inter-religious" articles.

Christian view Chronological events Pre-tribulation pre-tribulation rapture Mid-tribulation The seven seals The seven trumpets The seven bowl judgments Post-tribulation Jesus’ second Coming Millennium Kingdom The last judgment Bibical texts The book of revelation The book of Daniel The Olivet discourse The Sheep and the Goats Major figures Good side Jesus The two witnesses The four horsemen Bad side Antichrist The antichrist The false prophet Islamic view [still to come from somebody how knows about the Islamic eschatology] Jewish view

The primary passage describing the Rapture is 1 Thessalonians 4:15-17, in which Paul cites "the word of the Lord" about the return of Jesus to gather his saints. Although all Christian denominations believe in Christ’s return, there are two primary views regarding its nature: 1. Dispensationalist Premillenialists (such as many Evangelicals, especially in the USA) hold the return of Christ to be in two stages. 1 Thessalonians 4:15-17 is seen to be a preliminary event to the return described in Matthew 24:29-31. Although both describe a return of Jesus in the clouds with angelic activity, trumpets, heavenly signs, and a gathering of the saints, these are seen to be two separate events, the first unseen, and the second public. Dispensationalists are divided, however, on whether the first event comes before a period of Tribulation, or midway through it. (See chart for Dispensationalist timing views) 2. Amillenialists (such as Roman Catholics, and others), Postmillenialists (such as some Presbyterians, and others), and Historic Premillenialists (such as Calvinistic Baptists, and others) hold that the return of Christ will be a single, public event. All passages regarding the return of Christ, such as Matthew 24:29-31, 1 Thessalonians 4:15-17, 2 Thessalonians 2:1-3, Revelation 1:7, etc, describe the return of Jesus in the clouds amidst trumpets, angelic activity, heavenly signs, a resurrection, and a gathering of saints.


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Although some (such as some Amillenialists) take this event to be figurative, rather than literal, these three groups maintain that passages regarding the return of Christ describe a single event, and that the "word of the Lord" cited by Paul in 1 Thessalonians 4:15-17 is the Olivet Discourse which Matthew separately describes in Matthew 24:29-31. Although the doctrinal relationship of the rapture and the Second Coming are the same in these three groups, Historic Premillenialists are more likely to use the term "rapture" to clarify their position in distinction from Dispensationalists.

capture and rapture. Of particular note are the various distinctions involving either literal or figurative transport of body or emotions to heaven or on earth. • : Þe visions of seynt poul wan he was rapt into paradys. — Vernon manuscript in Old English Miscellany 223 • : In this wyse were the bretheren twayne To heauen rapt, as thes poetes fayne. — John Lydgate, Chronicle of Troy 2:14 • : Helyas was rapte in this tyme. — Ranulf Higden, Polychronicon, tr. John Trevisa, Rolls Series 3:25 • : Whan he was rapt & taken vp in to the thyrde heuen. — Pilgr. Perf. (W. de W. 1531) 25 • : To this place ... were Enoch, Elias and Paul rapt up fore their deaths. — John Guillim, A Display of Heraldry 3:2 • : Rapt in a Chariot drawn by fiery Steeds. — John Milton, Paradise Lost 3:522 • : He was rapt up on high and saw S. Peter. — Charles Kingsley, Hereward the Wake 1:12

Doctrinal history
The concept of the rapture, in connection with premillennialism, was expressed by the American Puritan father and son Increase and Cotton Mather. They held to the idea that believers would be caught up in the air, followed by judgments on the earth and then the millennium. [3][4] The term rapture was used by Philip Doddridge (1738) and John Gill (1748) in their New Testament commentaries, with the idea that believers would be caught up prior to judgment on the earth and Jesus’ Second Coming. The concept of a pretribulation rapture was articulated by Baptist Morgan Edwards in an essay published in 1788 in Philadelphia.[5] John Nelson Darby, considered the father of dispensationalism, first proposed the pretribulation rapture in 1827.[6]. This view was accepted among many other Plymouth Brethren in England. Darby and other prominent Brethren were part of the Brethren Movement which impacted American Christianity, primarily through their writings. Influences included the Bible Conference Movement, starting in 1878 with the Niagara Bible Conference. These conferences, which were initially inclusive of historicist and futurist premillennialism, led to an increasing acceptance of futurist premillennial views

Comparison of Christian tribulation views

"Rapture", when used in eschatological terms, is an English word used in place of the Latin word raptus, taken from the Vulgate.[1][2] The Oxford English Dictionary provides two pages describing the history of usage of the word in English. From the 17th century onwards, the word is attested as rapture with similar senses to the older form rapt. The OED provides the etymology as from Latin raptěre, to seize or rape; it likens the words


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and the pretribulation rapture especially among Presbyterian, Baptist and Congregational members [7]. Popular books also contributed to acceptance of the pretribulation rapture, including William Eugene Blackstone’s book Jesus is Coming published in 1878 and which sold more than 1.3 million copies, and the Scofield Reference Bible, published in 1909 and 1919 and revised in 1967. The Catholic and Orthodox churches as well as the Reformed denominations have no tradition of a preliminary return of Christ and reject the doctrine, in part because they cannot find any reference to it among any of the early Church fathers and find its biblical foundation weak.[8]. Some also reject it because they interpret prophetic scriptures in either an amillennial or postmillennial fashion. Proponents of a preliminary rapture believe the doctrine of amillennialism originated with Alexandrian scholars such as Clement and Origen[9] and was later brought wholly into Roman Catholic dogma by Augustine.[10] Thus, the church until then held to premillennial views, which see an impending apocalypse from which the church will be rescued after being raptured by the Lord. This is even extrapolated by some to mean that the early church espoused pretribulationism.[11] Some Pre-Tribulation proponents maintain that the earliest known extra-Biblical reference to the "Pre-Tribulation" rapture is from a sermon falsely attributed to the fourth-century Church Father Ephraem the Syrian, which says, "For all the saints and Elect of God are gathered, prior to the tribulation that is to come, and are taken to the Lord lest they see the confusion that is to overwhelm the world because of our sins."[12][13] However, the interpretation of this writing, as supporting Pre-Tribulation rapture, is debated.[14] The rise in belief in the "Pre-Tribulation" rapture is sometimes attributed to Margaret MacDonald, who in 1830 had a vision that was published in 1840 (first account and in 1861 (second account). In 1957, John Walvoord, a theologian at Dallas Theological Seminary, authored a book,The Rapture Question, that gave theological support to the Pre-Tribulation rapture; this book eventually sold over 65,000 copies. In 1958, J. Dwight Pentecost authored

another book supporting the Pre-Tribulation rapture, Things to Come: A Study in Biblical Eschatology, which sold 215,000 copies. During the 1970s, the rapture became popular in wider circles, in part due to the books of Hal Lindsey, including The Late Great Planet Earth, which has reportedly sold between 15 million and 35 million copies, and by the movie A Thief in the Night, which based its title on the scriptural reference 1 Thessalonians 5:2.[15] Lindsey proclaimed that the rapture was imminent, based on world conditions at the time. The Cold War and the European Economic Community figured prominently in his predictions of impending Armageddon. Other aspects of 1970s global politics were seen as having been predicted in the Bible. Lindsey suggested, for example, that the seven-headed beast with ten horns, cited in the Book of Revelation, was the European Economic Community, a forebear of the European Union, which at the time aspired to ten nations; it now has 27 member states. In 1995, the doctrine of the Pre-Tribulation rapture was further popularized by Tim LaHaye’s Left Behind book series, which sold tens of millions of copies and was made into several movies. The doctrine of the rapture continues to be an important component in fundamentalist Christian eschatology today.

Scriptural basis
Supporters of the doctrine of the rapture generally proof-text the following primary sources[13] in the New Testament (the following are quoted from the NKJV): • "For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord will by no means precede those who are asleep. For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord." (1 Thessalonians 4:15–17) • "In My Father’s house are many mansions; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come


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again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also." (John 14:2–3) "For our citizenship is in heaven, from which we also eagerly wait for the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, who will transform our lowly body that it may be conformed to His glorious body, according to the working by which He is able even to subdue all things to Himself." (Philippians 3:20-21) "And as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly Man. Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does corruption inherit incorruption. Behold, I tell you a mystery: We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed— in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. So when this corruptible has put on incorruption, and this mortal has put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: “Death is swallowed up in victory.” “O Death, where is your sting? O Hades, where is your victory?" (1 Corinthians 15:49–55) "Now, brethren, concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering together to Him, we ask you, not to be soon shaken in mind or troubled, either by spirit or by word or by letter, as if from us, as though the day of Christ had come. Let no one deceive you by any means; for that Day will not come unless the falling away comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition, who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshiped, so that he sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God. Do you not remember that when I was still with you I told you these things? And now you know what is restraining, that he may be revealed in his own time. For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only He who now restrains will do so until He is taken out of the way." (2 Thessalonians 2:1-7) "No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. As it was in the days

of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark; and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away. That is how it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. Two men will be in the field; one will be taken and the other left. Two women will be grinding with a hand mill; one will be taken and the other left." (Matthew 24:36-41 [NIV])



Dispensationalists view the rapture as a ’mid’ or pretribulation secret coming[16] of Jesus Christ distinct to Dispensationalism[17][18][19], not to be confused with the subsequent Second Coming of Jesus [20], to collect both the dead and alive Christ members of the Christian Church and relocate them in heaven, to allow the Millennial Kingdom[21] to begin on earth and marks the end of the Great Parenthesis[22][23]. The Rapture was first proposed in 1827 by John Nelson Darby[24] as a solution to the expectancy that Jesus could return at any moment, and prophecies that would take a long duration.[25][26]. A second proposed rapture will occur at the end of the tribulation for the Jews who have converted to Christianity during the tribulation.[27][28]


The Pre-Tribulation rapture is the view that the rapture will occur before the beginning of the Tribulation period. It has become popular in recent years around the world and through the work of dispensational preachers such as Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost, Tim LaHaye, Dr. J. Vernon McGee, Chuck Smith, Dr. Chuck Missler, Dr. Jack Van Impe, Dr. Grant Jeffrey, and Dr. David Jeremiah. [29]

A minority view, with few proponents today, is that the rapture happens half-way through the seven-year Tribulation. This view is supported by the 7th chapter of Daniel (Verse 25), where it says the saints will be given over to tribulation for "time, times, and half a time," which is interpreted to mean 3.5 years.



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Matthew 24:29-31 ASV Matthew 24:29 But immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken: 30 and then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31 And he shall send forth his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. That is, half way through the seven years of the tribulation. At this juncture, the Antichrist commits the "abomination of desolation" by desecrating the Jerusalem temple (to be built on what is now called The Temple Mount.) [30] 1 Thessalonians 4:15-17 ASV


1 Thessalonians 4:15 For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we that are alive, that are left unto the coming of the Lord, shall in no wise precede them that are fallen asleep. 16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven, with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first; 17 then we that are alive, that are left, shall together with them be caught up in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.

The prewrath rapture view is that the tribulation of the church begins toward the latter part of the seven-year period, being Daniel’s 70th week, when the Antichrist is revealed in the temple. The great Tribulation, according to this view, is of the Antichrist against the church at this time. The duration of this tribulation is unknown, except that it begins and ends during the second half of Daniel’s 70th week. References from Matthew 24, Mark 13, and Luke 21 are used as evidence that this tribulation will be cut short by the coming of Christ to deliver the righteous by means of rapture, which will occur after the sixth seal is opened and the Sun is darkened and the moon is turned to blood.[31] However, by this point many Christians will have been slaughtered as martyrs by the Antichrist. After the rapture comes God’s seventh-seal wrath of trumpets and bowls (a.k.a. "the Day of the Lord"). [32] The Day of the Lord’s wrath against the ungodly will follow for the remainder of the seven years. [33]

Matthew 24:29-31 (see table below). From this perspective, Christian believers will be on the earth as witnesses to Christ during the entire seven years, until the last day of the tribulation period. The post-tribulation view brings Christ’s "appearing" and his "coming" together in one all-encompassing, grand event. Matthew 24:29–31; "Immediately after the tribulation of those days…they shall gather together his elect…", is cited as a foundational scripture for this view. Pat Robertson describes the end times this way in his 1995 novel The End of the Age. Another supporting scripture is John 17:15-16, where Jesus prays that the Father not take his (Jesus’) disciples from the earth, but that he (the Father) would nevertheless "keep them from the evil one." This is taken to preclude a Pre-Trib or a Mid-Trib rapture to heaven at any time. [34] Early Church Fathers whose writings support this view are Tertullian (On the Resurrection of the Flesh 41; Five Books Against Marcion Book III.25, V.15, V.20), Hippolytus (Appendix to the Works of Hippolytus - On the End of the World 37), Origen (Against Celsus Book V.17), Methodius (Banquet of the Ten Virgins 6.4).[35] Prominent modern authors supporting this view are Walter R. Martin, John Piper, George E. Ladd, Robert H. Gundry, and Douglas Moo.

The post-tribulation rapture (or "Post-Trib") view places the rapture at the end of the Tribulation period, based on passages such as 1 Thessalonians 4:15-17, seen as quoting the words of "the Lord" as indicated in

Date setting
Generally, believers in the rapture of the church no longer make predictions regarding the exact timing of the event itself. The primary scripture reference cited for this position is Matthew 24:36, where Jesus is quoted saying; "But of that day and hour no


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known. This time frame is often referred to as "the season". The primary section of scripture cited for this position is Matthew 24:32-35; where Jesus is quoted teaching the parable of the fig tree, which is proposed as the key that unlocks the understanding of the general timing of the rapture, as well as the surrounding prophecies listed in the sections of scripture that precede and follow this parable. Some notable rapture predictions include the following: • - Shakers calculated this date. • - William Miller predicted Christ would return between March 21, 1843 and March 21, 1844, then revised his prediction, claiming to have miscalculated Scripture, to October 22, 1844. Miller’s theology gave rise to the Advent movement. • - William M. Branham predicted in 1962 that the Rapture could take place by 1977 • - Chuck Smith undogmatically predicted that Jesus would likely return by 1981. • - Publication of 88 Reasons why the Rapture is in 1988, by Edgar C. Whisenant. • - Publication of The final shout: Rapture report 1989, by Edgar Whisenant. More predictions by this author appeared for 1992, 1995, and other years. • - Korean group "Mission for the Coming Days" predicted October 28, 1992 as the date for the rapture.[38] • - Seven years before the year 2000. The rapture would have to start to allow for seven years of the Tribulation before the Return in 2000. Multiple predictions. • - Pastor John Hinkle of Christ Church in Los Angeles predicted June 9, 1994. Radio evangelist Harold Camping predicted September 27, 1994.[39] • - Harold Camping’s revised prediction has May 21, 2011 as the date of the rapture.[40] • - Sir Isaac Newton undogmatically proposed, based upon his calculations using figures from the book of Daniel, that the Apocalypse could happen no earlier than 2060.[41][42]

Poster in Kendall Sq., Cambridge, Massachusetts one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone" (NASB). Gary Demar has jokingly challenged "date setters" to sign a contract turning over all their assets to him on the day after they claim the Rapture is to occur (he has written a book, Last Days Madness, endorsing the preterist position and challenges many of the popular ideas of Bible prophecy). Any individual or religious group that has dogmatically predicted the day of the rapture, referred to as "date setting", has been thoroughly embarrassed and discredited, as the predicted date of fulfillment came and went without event.[36][37] Some of these individuals and groups have offered excuses and "corrected" target dates, while others have simply released a reinterpretation of the meaning of the scripture to fit their current predicament, and then explained that although the prediction appeared to have not come true, in reality it had been completely accurate and fulfilled, albeit in a different way than many had expected. Conversely, many of those who believe that the precise date of the rapture cannot be known, do affirm that the specific time frame that immediately precedes the rapture event can be

Cultural references


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been left behind to redeem themselves in the eyes of God; those who do are immediately raptured. Sacrificing oneself to help others is one way of being redeemed. Some characters are actually under attack by reanimated corpses, or by Legion himself, at the time of their rapture. The blinding flash of light totally disorients the corpses who witness it, rendering them incapable of any action at all for a short time. The humans are literally "caught up" "in an instant" by God. • Daniel J. Gansle’s book, "Rapture Redux: Living with Hope and Purpose in the Last Days" (Infinity Publishing, 2007) tackles the contentious question of whether dispensationalist Evangelicals have gone too far in supporting war in the middle east (Iraq in particular) in order to hasten the Rapture and the return of Christ. The book also delves into how UFOs tie in with ancient biblical prophecies, the spiritual condition of the church just before the Rapture, Rapture timing theories, a fictional look into the post-Rapture world, and how the transforming belief in the Rapture doctrine is available to Christians today.[45]

• The first full-fledged rapture movie was A Thief in the Night. That film was followed by three sequels and a novel, and set up the genre of the rapture film. With only a few exceptions the genre died out by the end of the 1970s only to resurface again in the 1990s with such films as Apocalypse, Revelation, The Rapture, Left Behind: The Movie, and The Omega Code. Cloud Ten Pictures specializes in making end-time films. • In 2002, Dirk Been and Joel Klug (former "Survivor" cast members) starred in the movie Gone, which is about three lawyers who are left behind in the Philippines. The film was nominated for ’Best Christian Movie of the Year’ by Christian Beats magazine and was seen on the Dove Awards on national TV. "Gone" went on to be seen by an estimated 1.2 million people. It was written and directed by Tim Chey.[43]

• In 1950, the novel Raptured by Ernest Angley was published. It’s a fictional novel based on the accounts foretold in the books of Daniel and Revelation. The novel focuses on a man whose mother is raptured along with other Christians, while he is left behind in the tribulation period.[44] • Robert Heinlein’s 1984 book, Job: A Comedy of Justice described the troubles of a Christian man called Alex, who is moved from parallel world to parallel world, accompanied by his lover Margrethe. Halfway through the book, the Rapture occurs and Alex is taken up, but Margrethe is left behind because she is a pagan. The rest of the book describes Alex’s attempts to bypass the rules and save his true love. • In 1995, Left Behind was published. The rapture is a major component of the premise of the book and its various spinoffs. These books greatly revived public interest in this concept. The plot of the book was used as a basis for a 2000 movie and a 2006 video game. • In Mark E. Rogers’ book The Dead, published in 2001, those chosen for salvation disappear in a blinding flash of light. It is possible for people who have

• On May 8, 2005, in Episode 19 in season 16 of The Simpsons titled "Thank God It’s Doomsday", Homer predicts the rapture. After seeing a movie titled Left Below (a parody of Left Behind), he becomes paranoid and predicts that the rapture will occur at 3:15 p.m. on May 18. In another episode, Simpsons Bible Stories, the Simpsons fall asleep in church and wake up to find the Rapture occurring. Along with The Flanders family, Lisa is raised up to Heaven, but Homer pulls her back down so she can go to Hell with the rest of the family. • In the Drawn Together episode "Lost in Parking Space, Part One", Princess Clara, a devout Christian, warns her unconcerned housemates that the rapture is coming, even going so far as to contact a rapture hotline run by Kirk Cameron (star of Left Behind: The Movie). When her housemates later run off to the mall without her, she fears they have been


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taken off to heaven and she has been left behind. "Rapture" is the twelfth episode of the third season from the science fiction television series, Battlestar Galactica. In this episode Athena commits suicide in order to be reborn (raptured) on a Cylon ship. In the Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode "Kidney Car", Master Shake is seen wearing a racing helmet upon returning from a demolition derby in which he wrecked Carl’s car. When questioned about the purpose of the helmet by a suspicious Carl, Shake claims it is "for the Rapture". In the second episode of the fourth season of HBO’s "Six Feet Under" titled "In Case of Rapture", a 49 year old Christian woman called Dorothy Sheedy abandons her vehicle which displays a bumper sticker "I BRAKE FOR THE RAPTURE!" having witnessed the accidental liberation of numerous helium filled ’sex dolls’ from the back of a truck. As they float off into the atmosphere she mistakes this event for the Rapture falsely perceiving them in heavenly white gowns and rushes into the middle of a busy road that she may join them in their ascent to Heaven, whereupon she is hit by a vehicle and instantly killed. Her husband is never aware of the reason for her running into the traffic but benignly accepts her death as God’s will without question or curiosity. Episode 20 of Season 4 of Supernatural is titled "The Rapture".

1976 album "In Another Land", Six Sixty Six" from the same album and "Messiah" from Stop This Flight. Examples of apocalyptic themes in Bob Dylan’s writing are "When He Returns" from the 1979 album Slow Train Coming and - quoting 1 Corinthians 15:49–55 - Ye Shall Be Changed, released on The Bootleg Series, Vols. 1-3: Rare And Unreleased, 1961-1991. Other songs about the Christian end times include "Goin’ by the Book", "The Man Comes Around" by Johnny Cash, from the album American IV: The Man Comes Around, released in 2002, and "Tribulation" by Charlie Daniels. Noel Gallagher also refers to the rapture twice on the Oasis album Dig Out Your Soul, first on "The Turning" ("Then come on, when the Rapture takes me, Will you be by my side?") and also on the following track "Waiting For The Rapture". Sufjan Stevens’ song "Chicago", from the album "Illinois", may also be considered a Rapture song. American rock band Avenged Sevenfold released a song called "To End the Rapture" on their first album Sounding the Seventh Trumpet, also a biblical reference in relation to the Rapture. The band Pedro the Lion has a song entitled "Rapture" on their album "Control." The song is about the rapture occurring while the male character in the song is cheating on his wife. The 90’s alt-rock band Polaris wrote a song called "Waiting for October" about a homeless man predicting the rapture to be on October 28, 1999.









• At the height of the Jesus Movement in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the rapture figured prominently in popular songs by secular artists, such as "Are You Ready?" by Pacific Gas & Electric (#14 in August 1970) and "In the Year 2525" by Zager and Evans (#1 in July 1969). Also at that time, the song "I Wish We’d All Been Ready" was written and performed by Larry Norman, one of the founders of the nascent "Jesus Rock" movement in the early 70s. • Other examples of apocalyptic themes like the rapture, the Anti-Christ, Armageddon and The Second Coming of Christ in Norman’s writing are: "U.F.O." from the

• On August 2, 2001, humorist Elroy Willis posted a Usenet article titled; "Mistaken Rapture Kills Arkansas Woman". This fictional, satirical story about a woman who causes a traffic accident and is killed when she believes the rapture has started, circulated widely on the Internet and was believed by many people to be a description of an actual incident. Elements of the story appeared in an episode of the HBO television drama Six Feet Under, and a slightly modified version of the story was reprinted in the US tabloid newspaper Weekly World News. The story continues


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to circulate by electronic mail as a chain letter.[46] • One organization, the Rapture Fund, is offering a "Rapture Will" that provides terms by which a Christian can transfer his or her estate to the Rapture Fund in the event of the Rapture. The organization’s website indicates that funds are to be used for publication of the Gospel during the Tribulation.[47] • Another website, Raptureletters.com, provides for a similar post-rapture ministry. It allows a Christian to add the name and email address of someone who the user believes will be left behind during the rapture. Utilizing a deadman switch, the site promises to send a generic, prewritten letter to every email address in the list on the Friday following the rapture, and every Friday after that.[48]

• Unfulfilled Christian predictions

[1][1] 1 Thessalonians 4:17. deinde nos qui vivimus qui relinquimur simul rapiemur cum illis in nubibus obviam Domino in aera et sic semper cum Domino erimus (Latin Vulgate) [2] Raptus is Jerome’s translation of the Koine Greek word harpazo, which means "caught up" or "taken away." ἁρπάζω harpazō is used only in 1 Thessalonians 4:17 and Acts 8:38. In Acts 8:38, ἁρπάζω harpazō describes the transporting of Philip suddenly from Gaza to Azotus. [1] 1 Thessalonians 4:17 ἔπειτα ἡμεῖς οἱ ζῶντες οἱ περιλειπόμενοι ἅμα σὺν αὐτοῖς ἐν νεφέλαις εἰς ἀπάντησιν τοῦ κυρίου εἰς ἀέρα καὶ οὕτως πάντοτε σὺν κυρίῳ ἐσόμεθα [2] Acts 8:39 ὅτε δὲ ἀνέβησαν ἐκ τοῦ ὕδατος πνεῦμα κυρίου τὸν Φίλιππον καὶ οὐκ εἶδεν αὐτὸν οὐκέτι ὁ εὐνοῦχος ἐπορεύετο γὰρ τὴν ὁδὸν αὐτοῦ χαίρων ἁρπάζω harpazō[1] ἁρπάζω is root of strongs G726 and has the following meanings: [1] to seize, carry off by force [2] to seize on, claim for one’s self eagerly [3] to snatch out or away • Kyle, Richard G (1998). The Last Days Are Here Again: A History of the End Times. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books. p. 78-79 • Boyer, Paul (1992). When Time Shall Be No More: Prophecy Belief in Modern American Culture. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. p. 75 • Marotta, Frank (1995). Morgan Edwards: An Eighteenth Century Pretribulationist. Morganville, NJ: Present Truth Publishers. • Bray, John L. (1992). The origin of the pretribulation rapture teaching. Lakeland, FL: John L. Bray Ministry, Inc.. p. 24-25 • Blaising, Craig A.; Darrell L. Bock (1993). Progressive Dispensationalism. Wheaton, IL: BridgePoint. ISBN 156476138X. page 11 • Synaxis - About the Supposed Rapture

Video Games
• In the videogame BioShock the underwater city is called Rapture, named by its creator as a mockery of common belief. The name of the city also has an ironic quality, as the protagonist descends from the world above water to place a ’judgment’ of sorts on the people of the city. • In Final Fantasy VIII, the special spell Rapture is available to Selphie Tilmitt when she reaches her limit break. This spell destroys all enemies by giving them wings and sending them directly to heaven.

See also
• • • • • • • • • • • • Ascension Antichrist Apocalypse Armageddon Bible Prophecy Christian eschatology Covenantalism Dispensationalism End Times Eschatology Futurism Left Behind • Number of the Beast • Post Tribulation Rapture • Prewrath • Prophecy • Rapture Ready • Resurrection • Revelation • Christian eschatological differences • Second Coming • Tribulation


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Lindsey, Hal, The Road to Holocaust, Bantam, (1989), p.77 • Keeley, Robin, Eerdmans’ Handbook to Christian Belief, Wm B Eerdmans Publishing, (1982), p.415 • The Last Trumpet - Grant Jeffrey’s Apocalypse Debacle • Byzantine Text Discovery: Ephraem the Syrian - Chuck Missler - Koinonia House • Online Bible Quotes, Study Commentary on Rapture Prophecy, A Sermon by Pseudo-Ephraem • The Last Trumpet - Pseudo-Ephraem • Hal Lindsey • Chafer, Lewis Sperry. pg44-49 "Dispensationalism" • Ryrie, Charles Caldwell, "Dispensationalism Today". pg28 Moody Press, 1965. ISBN 0-8024-2256-X • Walvoord, John F., "Every Prophecy of the Bible". pg 34 Chariot Victory Publishing, 1999. ISBN 0-7394-0215-3 • LaHaye, Tim, and Jerry B. Jenkins. Are We Living in the End Times? pg 13 (Tyndale House, 1999) ISBN 0-8423-0098-8 • Walvoord, John F., "Every Prophecy of the Bible". pg 55 Chariot Victory Publishing, 1999. ISBN 0-7394-0215-3 • Walvoord, John. The Millennial Kingdom (Zondervan, 1983) ISBN 0-310-34091-8 • Scofield, C. I. Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth • LaHaye, Tim, and Jerry B. Jenkins. Are We Living in the End Times? pg 33 (Tyndale House, 1999) ISBN 0-8423-0098-8 • J. N. Darby, "The Doctrine of the Church of England at the Time of the Reformation," • LaHaye, Tim, and Jerry B. Jenkins. Are We Living in the End Times? pg 123 (Tyndale House, 1999) ISBN 0-8423-0098-8 • Walvoord, John. The Millennial Kingdom (Zondervan, 1983) pg22 ISBN 0-310-34091-8 • Ryrie, Charles C. Basic Theology pg 112-144(Moody, 1999) ISBN 0-8024-2734-0 • Scofield, C. I. Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth • Lindsey, Hal: The Rapture, Bantam Books (1983), p. 25 • Relfe, Mary Stuart: When Your Money Fails, League Of Prayer (1981) • Prewrath Consortium: Prewrath Explained: Timeline


• Frederick, William: The Coming Epiphany: Because You Need To Know The Truth About The End Times. Lulu Press (2007) • Rosenthal, Marv: "The Pre-Wrath Rapture of the Church: Is it Biblical?", Regular Baptist Press (1991) • Gundry, Robert: "The Church and The Tribulation," Zondervan (1973) • Clontz, T.E. and J., "The Comprehensive New Testament with complete textual variant mapping and references for the Dead Sea Scrolls, Philo, Josephus, Nag Hammadi Library, Pseudepigrapha, Apocrypha, Plato, Egyptian Book of the Dead, Talmud, Old Testament, Patristic Writings, Dhammapada, Tacitus, Epic of Gilgamesh", Cornerstone Publications, 2008, p. 671, ISBN 978-0-9778737-1-5 • Strandberg, Todd. "The Date Setters Diary". http://www.raptureready.com/rrdate-setters.html. Retrieved on 2007-06-22. • Nelson, Chris (2003-06-22). "A Brief History of the Apocalypse". http://www.abhota.info/end1.htm. Retrieved on 2007-06-22. • "The World Did Not End Yesterday". Boston Globe (Associated Press). 1992-10-29. • Nelson, Chris (2002-06-18). "A Brief History of the Apocalypse; 1971 - 1997: Millennial Madness". http://www.abhota.info/end3.htm. Retrieved on 2007-06-23. • "We are Almost There". http://www.familyradio.com/graphical/ literature/waat/contents.html. Retrieved on 2008-07-22. • This is London Ltd. (2007-08-22). "The world will end in 2060, according to Newton". http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/ news/article-23401099-details/ The+world+will+end+in+2060,+according+to+Newt article.do. Retrieved on 2007-08-22. • Stephen D. Snobelen. "Isaac Newton and Apocalypse Now". http://www.isaacnewton.org/newton_2060.htm. Retrieved on 2007-08-22. • ::Gone:: • ISBN 0963677225 • ISBN 0741440520 • Woman Dies in Premature Rapture Netlore Archive • The Rapture Fund • Rapture Letters


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

• The Left Behind Deception by Steve Wohlberg (Adventist Review) • Farewell to the Rapture by N. T. Wright (Bible Review, August 2001) • Barbara Rossing Interview at Trinity Institute (’, 2007) • The Danger of the Pre-Tribulation Rapture Article by evangelist Brian O’Connell • The Secret Coming of Christ How Secret Is It? From Bethel Church of God

External links
• • • • The Rapture of the Christian Church Rapture Ready (see also Rapture Ready) Rapture Forums Rapture: Lord’s Coming from Biblecentre.org • The Rapture of the Church, position statement of the Assemblies of God • A chronological chart of Revelation, depicting multiple raptures

• The Rapture: Hoax or Hope? at Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance • Rapture Insurance idea at Halfbakery

• Essays on Rapture from the Wisconsin Lutheran Seminary Library

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