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									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Michael Mukasey

Michael Mukasey
Michael B. Mukasey

81st United States Attorney General In office November 9, 2007 – January 20, 2009 President Preceded by Succeeded by George W. Bush Alberto Gonzales Eric Holder

following the resignation of Alberto Gonzales. Mukasey also served for 18 years as a judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, six of those years as Chief Judge. He is the recipient of several awards, most notably the Learned Hand Medal[6] of the Federal Bar Council. Mukasey was the second Jewish U.S. Attorney General.[7] Mukasey is a partner at the international law firm Debevoise & Plimpton.[8]

Personal background
Michael Mukasey’s father was born near Baranavichy in the Russian Empire (modernday Belarus) and emigrated to the U.S. in 1921.[9][10] Michael Mukasey was born in the Bronx in 1941.[11] Mukasey graduated in 1959 from the Ramaz School, a Modern Orthodox Jewish prep school in Manhattan. He is an Orthodox Jew.[12] His wife, Susan, was later a teacher and headmistress of the lower school at Ramaz, and both of their children (Marc and Jessica)[13] attended the school.[14] As an undergraduate student, Mukasey was the editorials editor of the Columbia Daily Spectator[15] at Columbia University, where he received his B.A. in 1963. At Yale Law School he received his LL.B. in 1967. Mukasey practiced law for 20 years in New York City, serving for four years as an Assistant U.S. Attorney in the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York[2] in which he worked with Rudolph Giuliani. In 1976, he joined the New York law firm of Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler, to which he returned after retirement from the U.S. District Court.[16] Mukasey began teaching at Columbia Law School in the Spring of 1993 and has taught there every spring semester since.[17] Mukasey’s son Marc L. Mukasey, as of 2007, leads the white-collar criminal defense practice in the New York office of Bracewell & Giuliani.[18] The Mukaseys have a professional relationship with Rudy Giuliani; Mukasey and son were also justice advisers to Rudy Giuliani’s presidential campaign.[19]

Chief Judge, U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York In office March 12, 2000 – August 1, 2006 Preceded by Succeeded by Thomas P. Griesa[1] Kimba Wood

Judge, U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York In office November 9, 1987 – September 9, 2006 Nominated by Preceded by Succeeded by Born Political party Spouse Children Residence Alma mater Occupation Religion Ronald Reagan Abraham D. Sofaer[2] Richard Sullivan July 28, 1941 (1941-07-28) [3] Bronx, New York[2] Republican Susan Mukasey Marc and Jessica Manhattan, New York Columbia University Yale Law School Lawyer Orthodox Judaism

Michael Bernard Mukasey[4] (pronounced /mjuːˈkeɪzi/)[5] (born July 28, 1941)[3] is a lawyer and former judge who served as the 81st Attorney General of the United States. Mukasey, an American lawyer, was appointed


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mukasey administered the oath of office to Mayor-elect Giuliani in 1994 and 1998.[19]

Michael Mukasey
voluntary resolution of Holocaust-era insurance claims."[25]

Judicial career
In 1987, Mukasey was nominated as a federal district judge for the Southern District of New York in Manhattan by President Ronald Reagan; he took the bench in 1988. He served in that position for 18 years, including tenure as Chief Judge from March 2000[20] through July 2006.[21] During his tenure on the bench, Mukasey presided over the criminal prosecution of Omar Abdel Rahman and El Sayyid Nosair, whom he sentenced to life in prison for a plot to blow up the United Nations and other Manhattan landmarks uncovered during an investigation into the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.[16] During that case, Mukasey spoke out against leaks by law enforcement officials regarding the facts of the case allegedly aimed at prejudicing potential jurors against the defendants.[22] Mukasey also heard the trial of Jose Padilla, ruling that the U.S. citizen and alleged terrorist could be held as an enemy combatant but was entitled to see his lawyers. Mukasey also was the judge in the litigation between developer Larry Silverstein and several insurance companies arising from the destruction of the World Trade Center.[16] In a 2003 suit, he issued a preliminary injunction preventing the Motion Picture Association of America from enforcing its ban against the distribution of screener copies of films during awards season, ruling that the ban was likely an unlawful restraint of trade unfair to independent filmmakers. In June 2003, Democratic New York Senator Charles Schumer submitted Mukasey’s name, along with four other Republicans or Republican appointees, as a suggestion for Bush to consider for nomination to the Supreme Court.[23] On October 14, 2004, citing U.S. Supreme Court precedent, Mukasey reversed his September 2002 decision and dismissed a case in which plaintiffs in twenty consolidated actions sued the Italian insurance company Generali S.p.A. (Generali), seeking damages for nonpayment of insurance proceeds to beneficiaries of policies purchased by Holocaust victims before the end of World War II.[24] In so ruling, Mukasey gave deference to "a federal executive branch policy favoring

Although Article III of the U.S. Constitution entitles district court judges to hold their judicial appointments for life, in June 2006 Mukasey announced that he would retire as a judge and return to private practice at the end of the summer. On August 1, 2006, he was succeeded as Chief Judge of the Southern District by Judge Kimba Wood. Mukasey’s retirement took effect on September 9, 2006. On September 12, 2006, Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler announced that Mukasey had rejoined the firm as a partner.[26] On the March 18, 2007, episode of Meet the Press, Schumer suggested Mukasey as a potential Attorney General nominee who, "by [his] reputation and career, shows that [he] put rule of law first."[27] Since retiring from the bench, Mukasey made campaign contributions to Giuliani for president and Joe Lieberman for Senate.[28] Mukasey was also listed on the Giuliani campaign’s Justice Advisory Committee.[29]

Extrajudicial opinions on law and terrorism
In May 2004, while still a member of the judiciary, Judge Mukasey delivered a speech (which he converted into a Wall Street Journal opinion piece) that defended the Patriot Act; the piece also expressed doubt that the FBI engaged in racial profiling of Arabs and criticized the American Library Association for condemning the Patriot Act but not taking a position on librarians imprisoned in Cuba.[30] On August 22, 2007, the Wall Street Journal published Mukasey’s op-ed, prompted by the resolution of the Padilla prosecution, in which he argued that "current institutions and statutes are not well suited to even the limited task of supplementing . . . a military effort to combat Islamic terrorism." Mukasey instead advocated for Congress, which "has the constitutional authority to establish additional inferior courts," to "turn [its] considerable talents to deliberating how to fix a strained and mismatched legal system."[31]


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Michael Mukasey
committee, and published. Leahy replied the next day by letter proposing to meet individually on October 16, to discuss numerous issues on which the White House has declined to respond; the letter outlined issues and commitments Leahy desires from the nominee.[35][36] On November 6 the Senate Judiciary Committee endorsed the nomination of Mukasey, by a 11 to 8 vote, and sent his confirmation on to the full Senate.[37] Two days later, the Senate confirmed Mukasey by a 53–40 vote.[38] The tight vote was the narrowest margin to confirm an attorney general in more than 50 years.[39] Mukasey was sworn in at a private ceremony on November 9, 2007.[40]

U.S. Attorney General
On September 16, 2007, various publications reported that Mukasey accepted Bush’s offer to replace Alberto Gonzales as the Attorney General.[32] He was nominated by the President on September 17, 2007. At his nomination press conference with the President, Mukasey stated, "The task of helping to protect our security, which the Justice Department shares with the rest of our government, is not the only task before us. The Justice Department must also protect the safety of our children, the commerce that assures our prosperity, and the rights and liberties that define us as a nation."[33] White House spokeswoman Dana Perino said on September 18 that the administration desired the Mukasey nomination be confirmed by October 8, 2007. She cited past prompt confirmations of attorneys general. Senator Patrick Leahy, the Democratic Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, said that Mukasey would commit to an administrative rule to ensure that only the Attorney General or Deputy Attorney General, not U.S. Attorneys or other Justice employees, could respond to inquiries from politicians regarding outstanding cases, and that any other employee who discusses cases "with somebody outside, whether from the White House or members of Congress or something else like that, they will be fired"; this concession sought to avoid problems that arose during the controversy over the dismissal of U.S. Attorneys under the previous Attorney General’s tenure.[34]

Stance on torture
As of November 1, 2007 five senators – Christopher Dodd of Connecticut, Joseph Biden of Delaware, John Kerry of Massachusetts, Edward Kennedy of Massachusetts and Bernie Sanders of Vermont – had announced their intention to vote against Mukasey’s confirmation due to concerns about his stance on torture.[41][42] Senator Leahy announced on October 31, 2007 that a committee vote on the nomination was scheduled for Tuesday, November 6.[43] The announcement came a day after Mukasey replied via letter to the committee, to questions and requests for clarification.[44] Leahy and the other nine Democratic committee members had indicated the week before, via letter, to Mukasey that they were "deeply troubled by your refusal to state unequivocally that waterboarding is illegal during your confirmation hearing..."[45] By holding an unusual Oval Office meeting with journalists on November 1, 2007, Bush signaled his concern that the nomination, which was previously judged to be a sure bet, was in peril, primarily over what is and is not considered illegal torture.[46] Mukasey has refused to state an unequivocal legal position on the interrogation technique known as waterboarding (in which water is poured over a rag on the prisoner’s face to simulate drowning), and it appears that he was concerned about the potential pursuit of government employees or agents, and their authorizing superiors in American or foreign courts under criminal charges, when responding to the Senate Judiciary committee questions.[46][47]

President George W. Bush listens to remarks by Judge Michael Mukasey after announcing his nomination to be Attorney General. On October 2, 2007 Mukasey’s written response to a pre-hearing Senate Judiciary Committee questionnaire was received by the


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In describing the issue’s challenges to the Bush administration, the New York Times quoted Scott L. Silliman, director of the Center on Law, Ethics and National Security at Duke University as saying about such court cases, which could ultimately reach the president: "You would ask not just who carried it out, but who specifically approved it." Robert M. Chesney, of Wake Forest University School of Law, and other national security specialists have pointed out that prosecution within the United States, would be impeded by laws adopted since 2005 which permit safe-harbor protections to interrogators for governmentally authorized actions. It is believed that secret Justice Department legal opinions approved waterboarding, and other harsh interrogation techniques.[46] In 2009, legal ethics complaints were filed against Mukaskey and other Bush administration attorneys for their roles in advocating for torture.[48][49][50]

Michael Mukasey
possession and trafficking of powder cocaine and crack cocaine, citing racial disparity and the unfairness of the 100-1 crack-powder penalty threshold ratio. Michael Mukasey, in the Attorney General’s capacity, vehemently opposed and testified against this change, warning that thousands of violent crack criminals may be released under the guidelines and endanger the community. Mukasey’s move was criticized by advocates of elimination of crack-powder disparity.[56][57]

Remarks about 9/11 terrorist punishment
Speaking in London on March 14, 2008, Mukasey said that he hopes the detainees currently charged with participating in the September 11, 2001 attacks aren’t executed if found guilty in order to avoid creating any martyrs. [58]

Notable issues and comments
Relationship with Rudy Giuliani
Michael Mukasey has a close relationship with former mayor Rudy Giuliani, as confirmed by Tony Fratto, a presidential spokesperson.[51] Mukasey and Giuliani have been friends since working at the same law firm in the early 1970s.[52] Mukasey has pledged to recuse himself from cases involving Giuliani. Newspaper reports assumed that Mukasey will further recuse himself from cases involving Bernard Kerik, a former New York City police commissioner under Giuliani, who is under federal investigation for bribery and other offenses. However, neither presidential spokespersons nor Mukasey returned reporters’ inquiries into whether Mukasey would recuse himself from the Kerik case.[53][54] During Giuliani’s 2008 presidential campaign, Mukasey’s son, Marc, was assigned by Giuliani’s campaign to block Kerik’s legal defense team from interviewing witnesses that might assist his defense in an attempt to protect Guiliani from the Kerik case.[55]

Remarks about pre-9/11 terrorist phone call
Speaking in San Francisco to the California Commonwealth Club on March 27, 2008, Mukasey defended President Bush’s program of wiretapping calls between Americans and suspected foreign terrorists without court authorization, and implied that the government might have been able to prevent the attacks of September 11, 2001 if it had been able to wiretap a specific call to the U.S. from Afghanistan. Before September 11, 2001, Mukasey said, "We knew that there had been a call from someplace that was known to be a safe house in Afghanistan, and we knew that it came to the United States. We didn’t know precisely where it went." He paused, seemed to stifle tears or at least suppress emotion, then continued, "You’ve got 3,000 people who went to work that day, and didn’t come home, to show for that."[59] In a subsequent letter to Mukasey, House Judiciary Committee Chairman John Conyers questioned whether any such phone call had ever actually occurred and, if so, why the government hadn’t been able to use its then-existing legal authority and technological capablities to monitor it.[60] [61]

Crack cocaine stance
In 2007 the United States Sentencing Commission amended the Federal Sentencing Guidelines to equalize the penalties for the

Violations of the law are not always crimes
On August 12, 2008 Mukasey told American Bar Association annual meeting delegates


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that "not every wrong, or even every violation of the law, is a crime", with "only violations of the civil service laws" being found among hiring practices during Gonzales’ tenure as Attorney General.[62]

Michael Mukasey

Health issues
In November 2008, during a speech to the Federalist Society, Mukasey had "a fainting spell" caused by a late-night speech given under hot stage lights.[63] Mukasey was rushed to the hospital and released the next day after tests ruled out a stroke or heart attack. Doctors characterized him as "very fit."[64]

[1] NYCLA Committee On The Federal Courts (December 2002). "The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York: A Retrospective (1990-2000)" (PDF). New York County Lawyers’ Association. page 10. fedcts.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-09-17. [2] ^ "Mukasey, Michael B.". Judges of the United States Courts. Federal Judicial Center. tGetInfo?jid=1711. Retrieved on 2007-09-17. [3] ^ "Mukasey is outsider with inside track". USA Today. 2007-09-17. washington/2007-09-17-mukaseyprofile_N.htm. Retrieved on 2007-09-18. [4] Shenon, Philip; and Benjamin Weiser (September 18, 2007). "A Washington Outsider With Many Sides". New York Times. 18/washington/18mukasey.html. Retrieved on 2007-09-18. [5] See inogolo:pronunciation of Michael Mukasey. [6] Mukasey, Michael B. (2004-05-10). "The Spirit of Liberty". Wall Street Journal. printThis.html?id=110005059. Retrieved on 2007-09-17. [7] "Orthodox Jew tapped to replace Gonzalez". JTA. 2007-09-17. 104180.html. The first Jewish Attorney General was Edward H. Levi. Judah Benjamin served as Attorney General of the Confederate States of America.

[8] "Michael B. Mukasey". Debevoise & Plimpton. attorneys/ detail.aspx?id=9cbb337b-188c-4113-8397-510b95f75 Retrieved on 2009-05-10. [9] (Russian) Spasiuk, Elena (2007-09-20). "Министром юстиции США может стать человек с белорусскими корнями (A person with Belarusian roots may become the US Minister of Justice)". Belorusskie Novosti. rubrics/society/2007/09/20/ ic_articles_116_152919/. Retrieved on 2007-09-27. [10] (Russian) Sergeichik, Dmitrii (2007-09-27). "В Бресте нашли дальнего родственника будущего генпрокурора США (A distant relative of the future US Attorney General has been found in Brest)". Belorusskie Novosti. 27/ic_articles_116_153037/. Retrieved on 2007-09-27. [11] "Judges of the United States Courts". 2007-11-04. tGetInfo?jid=1711. [12] Breaking News - JTA, Jewish & Israel News [13] Leinwand, Donna (2007-10-14). "Mukasey hearings might not draw big fight". USA Today. washington/2007-10-14-mukasey_N.htm. Retrieved on 2007-10-21. [14] Heller, Jamie. "Mukasey’s Pedigree", The Wall Street Journal Online, Law Blog, September 17, 2007. Accessed September 17, 2007. "Mukasey graduated from Ramaz in 1959 and went on to Columbia College and Yale Law School." [15] Heller, Jamie (2007-09-17). "Mukasey as College Journalist". The Wall Street Journal. 09/17/mukasey-as-college-journalist/. Retrieved on 2007-09-22. [16] ^ Goldstein, Joseph (2006-07-26). "As Judge Leaves for Law Firm, His Influence Is Remembered". The New York Sun. Retrieved on 2007-09-16. [17] "Mukasey: Attorney General Nominee and Columbia Law School Professor". Columbia Law School. 2007-10-17. media_inquiries/news_events/2007/


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Michael Mukasey

October07/mukasey. Retrieved on [26] Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler 2007-10-19. (2006-09-12). Former Southern District [18] "Marc L. Mukasey". Bracewell & Chief Judge Michael B. Mukasey Rejoins Giuliani. Patterson Belknap. Press release. index.cfm/fa/lawyer.profile/attorney/ detail.aspx?id=dc9fe7b8-ae21-447a3e1d12f4-1163-4d2b-8857-a060a0243191/ a607-04a97596d6e8. Retrieved on Mukasey_Marc.cfm. Retrieved on 2007-09-15. 2007-09-15. [27] "Meet the Press transcript for March 18, [19] ^ Barrett, Devlin (September 16, 2007). 2007". MSNBC. 2007-03-18. "Mukasey Has Long Terror Resume". Associated Press. The Washington Post. 17628142/. Retrieved on 2007-09-15. Schumer also suggested former Justice content/article/2007/09/16/ Department officials Larry Thompson AR2007091601206.html?tid=informbox. and James Comey. Retrieved on 2007-09-17. [28] "Michael Mukasey’s Federal Campaign [20] "Judicial Milestones". The Third Branch Contribution Report". 32 (4). April 2000. judiciary_political_donations/ Michael_Mukasey.php. milestones.html. Retrieved on [29] "Giuliani Legal Team". Chicago Tribune. 2007-09-20. 2007-09-06. [21] "Judicial Milestones". The Third Branch 38 (9). September 2006. politics/chi giuliani_boxsep06,1,4056714.story. milestones/index.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2007-09-16. 2007-09-20. [30] Mukasey, Michael B. (2004-05-10). "The [22] "Judge Warns about Leaks in Bomb Spirit of Liberty". Wall Street Journal. Case". New York Times. July 31, 1993. printThis.html?id=110005059. Retrieved fullpage.html?res=9F0CE7DB143EF932A05754C0A965958260. on 2007-09-17. [23] Senator Charles E. Schumer [31] Mukasey, Michael (2007-08-22). "Jose (2003-06-10). Letter to President George Padilla Makes Bad Law". Wall Street W. Bush. Press release. Journal. extra/?id=110010505. Retrieved on SchumerWebsite/pressroom/ 2007-09-15. press_releases/PR01772.html. Retrieved [32] Abramowitz, Michael; and Dan Eggen on 2007-09-15. The others were Reagan(2007-09-17). "Ex-Judge Is Said to Be appointed federal appellate judges Ann Pick At Justice". The Washington Post. Williams and Stanley Marcus, Bushp. A01. appointed Fifth Circuit judge Edward wp-dyn/content/article/2007/09/16/ Prado, and Arlen Specter, the AR2007091600924.html?hpid=topnews. Republican senator from Pennsylvania. Retrieved on 2007-09-17. [24] Michael J. Bazyler and Kearston G. [33] President Bush Announces Judge Everitt, International Civil Liberties Michael Mukasey as Nominee for Report, HOLOCAUST RESTITUTION Attorney General, White House press LITIGATION IN THE UNITED STATES: release, dated September 17, 2007. AN UPDATE, pp. 1-2, citing In re: Accessed September 18, 2007. Assicurazioni Generali S.p.A. Holocaust [34] Jordan, Sarah Jakes; (Associated Press) Ins. Litig., 2004 WL 2311298 at *5 (September 20, 2007). "Senator Praises (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 14, 2004). Mukasey’s Independence". Washington [25] Liptak, Adam (2007-09-23). "Nuance and Post. Resolve in Rulings by Attorney General wp-dyn/content/article/2007/09/20/ Nominee". The New York Times. AR2007092001275.html. Retrieved on 2007-09-23. 23mukasey.html?pagewanted=1&hp. Retrieved on 2007-09-23.


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Michael Mukasey

[35] "Questionnaire for Michael B. Mukasey, [45] Leahy, Patrick, and nine other Senators. Attorney General Nominee". United Letter to Mukasey, Oct 23, 2007. Senate States Senate Committee on the Committee on the Judiciary. Retrieved Judiciary. October 2, 2007. October 31, 2007. [46] ^ Shane, Scot; David Stout. "Bush Moves Mukasey_questionnaire.pdf. Retrieved on to Save Mukasey Nomination". New York 2007-10-04. Times. [36] "Leahy sends letter to Mukasey, 01/washington/01cndoutlining key questions and concerns to mukasey.html?_r=2&ei=5088&en=950e4f51a996a3e be addressed in confirmation hearings". Retrieved on 2007-11-01. Patrick W. Leahy. October 3, 2007. [47] Blumenthal, Sidney (2007). "The sad decline of Michael Mukasey". 100307a.html. Retrieved on 2007-10-04. [37] Stout, David (2007-11-06). "Nomination blumenthal/2007/11/01/mukasey/ of Mukasey Sent to Full Senate". The print.html. Retrieved on 2007-11-01. New York Times. [48] For primary source documents, see Velvet Revolution website. For washington/06cnd-mukasey.html. commentary, see David Swanson, Retrieved on 2007-11-06. "UPDATE: Disbarring 12 Torture [38] Kellman, Laurie; (Associated Press) Lawyers: Broad Coalition Of Groups Files (2007-11-09). "Mukasey confirmed as Disciplinary Complaints Against Twelve attorney general". Washington Post. Bush Administration Lawyers Who Advocated Torture Of Detainee," May 18, content/article/2007/11/08/ 2009 at Daily Kos blog and Dna Milbank, AR2007110802711.html. Retrieved on "Etch-a-Sketch: Punishing Bush 2007-11-11. Officials," washington Post op-ed, May [39] 18, 2009, found at Washington Post [40] Jordan, Lara Jakes (2007-11-09). website. Accessed May 18, 2009. "Mukasey Sworn in As Attorney [49] Scott Shane, "Advocacy Groups Seek General". Forbes. Disbarment of Ex-Bush Administration Lawyers," New York Times, May 18, 09/ap4323968.html. Retrieved on 2009, found at NY Times website. 2007-11-10. Accessed May 18, 2009. [41] "Clarify position on torture, senators [50] Nedra Pickler, "Complaint seeks urge attorney general nominee". Cable disbarment of Bush administration News Network. 2007-10-28. lawyers linked to torture memos," AP (Associated Press ), May 18, 2009, Star 28/senate.mukasey/index.html. Retrieved Trubune website. Accessed May 18, on 2007-10-30. 2009. [42] "Sanders to Vote Against Mukasey". The [51] William K. Rashbaum, "White House says Associated Press. 2007-10-22. Mukasey would skip Giuliani Issues", New York Times, ATTORNEY_GENERAL_SANDERS?SITE=WIFON&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT. [52] Wayne Barrett, "’No Skeletons in My Retrieved on 2007-10-30. Closet!’: Oh yeah? How Michael [43] Eggen, Dan; Paul Kane (October 31, Mukasey and Bernie Kerik are haunting 2007). "Senate to Hold Mukasey Rudy’s run", "Village Voice," October 30, Confirmation Vote Tuesday". Washington 2007 Post. [53] William K. Rashbaum, "White House says wp-dyn/content/article/2007/10/31/ Mukasey would skip Giuliani Issues", AR2007103101601.html?hpid=topnews. New York Times Retrieved on 2007-10-31. [54] "Mukasey Papers Cite Giuliani [44] Mukasey, Michael. Reply to 10 Friendship" Democratic Senators, October 30, 2007 [55] Celona, Larry; and Dan Manigan Senate Committee on the Judiciary. (2007-10-22). "Giuliani’s Bernard Kerik Retrieved October 31, 2007. Shield: Pal Keeps Eye on Ex-NYPD Boss’ Probe". New York Post Exclusive.


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Legal offices Preceded by Alberto Gonzales United States Attorney General
Served Under: George W. Bush

Michael Mukasey

Succeeded by Eric Holder

2007–2009 bondsNews/idUSN2133432620081121. news/regionalnews/ Retrieved on 2008-11-21. giuliani_bern_shield.htm. Retrieved on [64] "Attorney General Michael Mukasey 2007-11-04. Receives ’Clean Bill of Health’ After [56] Frieden, Terry. Mukasey wants police Thursday Collapse". ABC News. support to prevent prisoner releases. 2008-11-21. CNN. February 26, 2008 TheLaw/DOJ/story?id=6305719. [57] Piper, Bill. Attorney General "Ignoring Retrieved on 2008-11-21. Reality" of Draconian Crack Laws. Huffington Post, February 25, 2008 [58] "Mukasey: Don’t Execute 9/11 Accused". • "Michael B. Mukasey". Debevoise & Associated Press. 2008-03-14. Plimpton. attorneys/ 0,8599,1722706,00.html. Retrieved on detail.aspx?id=9cbb337b-188c-4113-8397-510b95f750 2008-04-11. • Questionaire for Michael B. Mukasey, [59] Attorney General Nominee watch?v=Ci3ybVhZ5TQ [60] Bob Egleko (2008-04-11). "Mukasey asked to explain terror call remarks". Persondata San Francisco Chronicle. NAME Mukasey, Michael Bernard article.cgi?file=/c/a/2008/04/11/ ALTERNATIVE MNRH103EK8.DTL&type=printable. NAMES Retrieved on 2008-04-11. SHORT United States Attorney [61] Bob Egleko (2008-04-15). "Democrats DESCRIPTION General blast Mukasey for 9/11 call remarks". San Francisco Chronicle. DATE OF BIRTH July 28, 1941 PLACE OF BIRTH Bronx, New York, Unarticle.cgi?file=/c/a/2008/04/15/ ited States MND7105C5F.DTL&type=printable. DATE OF DEATH living Retrieved on 2008-04-16. PLACE OF [62] "Mukasey: No prosecutions in Justice DEATH hiring scandal". (Associated Press). 2008-08-12. Mukasey_No_prosecutions_in_Justice_hiring_0812.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-13. [63] "UPDATE 1-US atty general had fainting spell -official". Reuters. 2008-11-21.

External links

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Michael Mukasey

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