List_of_Nobel_Peace_Prize_Laureates by zzzmarcus

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									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates
of Nobel’s death, and is the only Nobel Prize not presented in Stockholm, Sweden.[6] The Nobel Peace Prize is generally the most controversial of the Nobel Prizes; several of the selections have been heavily criticized.[7][8] Mohandas Gandhi never won the prize, despite having been nominated five times. Following his assassination in 1948 the committee considered awarding it to him posthumously but decided against it and instead withheld the prize that year with the explanation that "there was no suitable living candidate."[9] In 1961, Dag Hammarskjöld, who died after his nomination but several months before the announcement, became the only Laureate to be recognized posthumously; following this, the statutes were changed to make a future posthumous prize nearly impossible.[10] In 1973, Lê Ðức Thọ declined the Nobel Peace Prize, because "he was not in a position to accept the Prize, citing the situation in Vietnam as his reason."[11] Linus Pauling, the Nobel Peace Prize laureate in 1962, is the only person to have been awarded two unshared Nobel Prizes; he won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954.[11] The International Committee of the Red Cross has been awarded the prize three times (1917, 1944 and 1963), and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has won twice (1954, 1981).[11] Twelve women have won the Nobel Peace Prize, the most of any other Nobel Prizes.[12] As of 2008, the Peace Prize has been awarded to 96 individuals and 20 organizations. There have been 19 years in which the Peace Prize was not awarded, the most of any other Nobel Prizes.

The Norwegian Nobel Institute assist the Norwegian Nobel Committee in the task of selecting the recipient(s) of the Nobel Peace Prize and to organize the annual Nobel event in Oslo. The Nobel Peace Prize (Norwegian and Swedish: Nobels fredspris) is awarded annually by the Norwegian Nobel Committee "to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses."[1] It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel (who died in 1896), awarded for outstanding contributions in chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine.[2] As dictated by Nobel’s will, the award is administered by the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded by a committee of five people elected by the Norwegian Parliament.[3] The first Nobel Peace Prize was awarded in 1901 to Frédéric Passy and Jean Henry Dunant. Each recipient receives a medal, a diploma and a monetary award prize that has varied throughout the years.[4] In 1901, Passy and Dunant shared a prize of 150,782 SEK, which is equal to 7,731,004 SEK as of December 2008. In 2008, the prize was awarded to Martti Ahtisaari of Finland, who received the prize amount of 10,000,000 SEK (slightly more than €1 million, or US$1.4 million).[5] The Peace Prize is presented annually in Oslo, Norway, in the presence of the king, on December 10, the anniversary

Laureates
Year Laureate[A] Country[B]

Ratio

1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1901 Frédéric Passy France

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates

Jean Henry Dunant

"[for] being one of the main founders of the Inter-Parlia1907 Ernesto Teodoro mentary Union Moneta and also the main organizer of the first Universal Peace Congress."[10][13] Louis Renault Switzerland "[for] his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross"[10][13] Switzerland "Honorary Secretary, PermanentKlas Pontus In1908 ternational Peace Arnoldson Bureau"[14] Switzerland "Secretary General, Inter-Parlia-Fredrik Bajer mentary Union; Honorary Secretary, Permanent International Peace Bureau"[14] United Kingdom "Member, British Parliament; Secretary, Interna-Auguste Marie 1909 tional Arbitration François League"[15] Beernaert

court wi first cas Italy

"Preside bard Lea Peace,"[ "promin worker f in Italy."

France

1902

Élie Ducommun

"Profess national was "the ent dele France t Hague Tribunal

Sweden

Charles Albert Gobat

"Founde Swedish and Arb League"

Denmark

1903

William Randal Cremer

"[for his the Inter mentary with bei first pre the Inter Peace B eau"[10][

Belgium

1904

Institut de Droit International

Belgium

"for its efforts as an unofficial body to formulate the general principles Paul-Henri-BenFrance of the science of jamin d’Estourinternational nelles de Constant law."[10][16] "Honorary President of Permanent International Peace Bureau; Author of Lay Down Your Arms"[17] "for his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japan1910 International ese war and for Peace Bureau his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration

"ex-Prim ter; Mem gian Par Member Internat d’Arbitra

1905

Bertha von Suttner

AustriaHungary

1906

Theodore Roosevelt

United States

"Membe Parliame ateur); F and Pres French p mentary voluntar tion; Fou Committ Defense al Intere ternatio ciliation

Switzerland "Founde 1891"[23

2

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1911 Tobias Michael Carel Asser

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates
Norway

The "Initiator of theFridtjof Nansen 1922 Netherlands Conferences on International Private Law at the Hague; Cabinet Minister; Lawyer"[24] Austria "Journalist;awarded 1923 Not Founder of Die 1924 Friedenswarte"[24] 1925 Austen "ex-Secretary of Chamberlain State; Originator of various treaties of arbitration"[25] Charles Gates "Member, Belgian Dawes Parliament (Sénateur); President, Permanent International Peace Bureau"[26] 1926 Aristide Briand

"Scientis plorer; N Delegate of Natio ator of " passport

Alfred Hermann Fried 1912 Elihu Root

United States

United Kingdom

"Foreign Secretar originato carno Pa

1913

Henri La Fontaine Belgium

United States

"Vice-Pr United S America man of A paration sion (Or "Dawes

1914 Not awarded 1915 1916 1917 International Committee of the Red Cross Woodrow Wilson

France

Switzerland [27] Gustav Stresemann United States "President of United States of America; Founder of the League of 1927 Ferdinand Nations"[28] Buisson "ex-Secretary of State; President, French Parliament (Sénat); President, Council of the Ludwig Quidde League of Nations"[29] "Prime Minister; Swedish Delegate, Council of the League of Nations"[30] awarded 1928 Not "Secretary Gener1929 Frank B. Kellogg al of the InterParliamentary Union"[30] 1930 United States Germany

"Foreign Part-orig Locarno Briand-K Pact"[33

1918 Not awarded 1919

"ex-Lord Chancel (ReichsForeign Part-orig Locarno

France

1920

Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois

France

"Former or, Sorb Universi Founder ident, Le Human R

Germany

1921

Hjalmar Branting

Sweden

"Profess Universi ber, Ger Parliame cipant o peace co ences"[3

Christian Lous Lange

Norway

"ex-Secr State; Pa ator of B logg Pac

Lars Olof Jonathan Sweden (Nathan) Söderblom

"Archbis Leader i

3

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates
ecumenicalawarded 1939 Not movement"[36] 1940

1931

Jane Addams

United States

Nicholas Murray Butler

United States

"Sociologist; Inter1941 national President, 1942 Women’s International League for 1943 Peace and Free1944 International dom"[37] Committee of the "President, Red Cross Columbia 1945 Cordell Hull University; Promoter of Briand Kellogg Pact"[37] "Writer; Member, Executive Commit- Greene 1946 Emily tee of the League Balch of Nations and of National Peace Council"[38]

Switzerland [44]

United States

1932 Not awarded 1933 Sir Norman Angell United (Ralph Lane) Kingdom United States

"ex-Secr State; Pr participa originati United N tions"[45

1934

Arthur Henderson United Kingdom

1935

Carl von Ossietzky Germany

"ex-Foreign Secretary; President, Disarmament Conference in 1932"[39] John Raleigh Mott United States "Journalist (die Weltbühne); Pacifist"[40]

"Former or of His Sociolog ary Inter Presiden men’s In al Leagu Peace an dom"[46]

1936

Carlos Saavedra Lamas

Argentina

"Secretary of State; President, 1947 Friends Service League of Nations; Council Mediator in a conflict between American Friends Paraguay and Service Committee Bolivia"[41] 1948 Not awarded "Writer, ex-Lord Privy Seal; 1949 Lord (John) Boyd Founder and Pres- of Brechin Orr ident, International Peace Campaign"[42]

"Chairm national ary Coun ident, W liance of Men’s C Associat
[47]

United Kingdom United States

1937

Cecil of Chelwood, United Viscount (Lord Kingdom Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil) Nansen International Office For Refugees

United Kingdom

1938

Switzerland "An international relief organization, started by Fridtjof Nansen in 1921"[43]

"Physici mentary Promine izer and General Agricult ganizati ent, Nat Peace C World U Peace O tions"[48

4

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1950 Ralph Bunche United States

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates
"Professor, Harvard University Cambridge, MA; Director, division of Trusteeship, U.N.; Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1958 Georges Pire 1948"[49] "President of the International Committee of the European Council, vice president of the International Confederation of 1959 Philip J. NoelFree Trade Baker Unions, vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO 1960 Albert Lutuli Council, delegate to the United Nations"[50]

to end th conflict solve the East que through ited Nat Belgium

1951

Léon Jouhaux

France

"Father Dominic Leader o lief orga for refug "L’Europ Coeur au du Mond

United Kingdom

"Membe ment; lif dent wo ternatio and co-o tion"[56]

South Africa

1952

Albert Schweitzer

France

1953

George Catlett Marshall

United States

"Missionary surgeon; Founder of Lambaréné (République de Gabon)"[51] 1961 Dag Hjalmar Agne Sweden "General President Carl American Red Hammarskjöld Cross; ex-Secretary of State and of Defense; Delegate 1962 Linus U.N.; Originator of Carl Pauling United States "Marshall Plan""[52]

"Preside African N Congres "was in t forefron struggle aparthei Africa."[

"Secreta al of the awarded strength organiza

1954

United Nations Switzerland "An international High Commissionrelief organization 1963 International er for Refugees founded by the Committee of the U.N. in 1951"[53] Cross Red League of Red Cross societies Canada 1964 Martin Luther "former Secretary of State for Ex-King, Jr. ternal Affairs of Canada; former President of the 1965 United Nations In7th Session of the ternational ChilUnited Nationsdren’s Emergency General Fund (UNICEF) Assembly";[54] "for his role in trying

"for his c against n weapons ing"[59]

Switzerland [60]

1955 Not awarded 1956 1957 Lester Bowles Pearson

Switzerland United States

"Leader ern Chri Leaders ference"
[62]

United Nations

5

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1966 Not awarded 1967 1968 René Cassin France 1974

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates
Seán MacBride Ireland

"President of the European Court for Human Rights"[63]
[64]

1969 1970

International LaUnited bour Organization Nations Norman E. Borlaug United States

1971

Willy Brandt

Federal Republic of Germany

"International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center;"[65] "for his contributions to the "green revolution" that was having such an impact on food production particularly in Asia and in Latin America."[10] Eisaku Sato "Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany; for West Germany’s Ostpolitik"[66] "For the 1973 Paris agreement in1975 Andrei tended to bringDmitrievich about a cease-fire Sakharov in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American 1976 Betty Williams forces"[67][10]

"Preside Internat Peace B Presiden Commis Namibia his stron in huma piloting Europea tion on H Rights th Council helping then lea Internat serving secretar of the In al Comm Jurists"[

Japan

1972 Not awarded 1973 Henry A. Kissinger United States Soviet Union

"Prime M Japan,"[6 renuncia the nucl for Japan efforts t regional ation"[10

Lê Ðức Thọ (refused)

Democratic Republic of Vietnam

"[for his for huma for disar and for c tion betw nations"

United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom

Mairead Corrigan 1977 Amnesty International

"Founde Norther Peace M (later re Commun Peace Pe

"[for] pr the hum of prison conscien

1978

Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat

Egypt

Menachem Begin

Israel

"for the David Ag which br about a peace be Egypt an rael"[73]

6

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1979 Mother Teresa India

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates
"Leader of Mis-United Nations 1988 sionaries of CharPeace-Keeping ity"[74] Forces "Human rights leader;"[75] "founded non-violent human rights organizations to fight the military 14th Dalai 1989 The junta that was rul- (Tenzin Lama ing his country Gyatso) (Argentina)."[10] "An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951"[76] "[for] their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won 1990 Mikhail international reSergeyevich [77][78] cognition" Gorbachev "Founder of Solidarność; campaigner for human rights"[79] "Bishop of Johannesburg; former 1991 Aung Secretary General, San Suu Kyi Burma South African Council of Churches"[80] 1992 Rigoberta Menchú Guatemala [81] Tum United Nations

1980

Adolfo Pérez Esquivel

Argentina

"[for] th [that] ha importan butions the reali one of th mental t the Unit tions"[84

Tibet

1981

United Nations United High Commission- Nations er for Refugees Alva Myrdal Alfonso García Robles Sweden Mexico

1982

"[for] his for the l of Tibet sistently posed th violence instead a peaceful based up ance and respect preserve torical a al herita people."

USSR

1983

Lech Wałęsa

Poland

1984

Desmond Mpilo Tutu

South Africa

Presiden Soviet U his leadi the peac which to acterize ant part ternatio munity"[

"for her ent strug democra human r

1985

International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War Elie Wiesel

United States

1986

United States

"Chairman of "The President’s Commission on the Ho1993 locaust""[82] Nelson Mandela "for his work for peace in Central America, efforts Frederik Willem which led to the de Klerk accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year"[83]

"[for] he social ju ethno-cu conciliat on respe rights of ous peop

1987

Óscar Arias Sánchez

Costa Rica

South Africa

South Africa

"for thei the peac mination aparthei and for l foundati new dem South Af

7

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1994 Yasser Arafat Palestine

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates
"for their efforts to create peace in the Middle 2001 United Nations East"[92] Kofi Annan Ghana

North K particula

Yitzhak Rabin

Israel

"for thei a better and mor world"[9

Shimon Peres 1995 Joseph Rotblat Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

Israel United Kingdom Canada

2002

Jimmy Carter

United States

"for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"[93] "for their work to2003 Shirin Ebadi wards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor."[94] Iran

"for his d untiring find pea tions to tional co advance cracy an rights, a mote eco and soci opment"

1996

Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo

East Timor

José Ramos-Horta 1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines Jody Williams 1998 John Hume

East Timor United States United States Ireland "for their work for the banning and 2004 Wangari Muta clearing of antiMaathai personnel mines"[95] "for their efforts to 2005 find a peaceful International solution to the Atomic Energy Agency conflict in Northern Ireland"[96]Mohamed ElBaradei

"for her democra human r has focu cially on struggle rights of and chil

Kenya

"for her tion to s developm democra peace"[1

Austria

David Trimble

United Kingdom

Egypt

1999

Médecins Sans Frontières

2000

Kim Dae Jung

Switzerland "in recognition of the organization’s pioneering humanitarian work on several contin- Muhammad Yunus Bangladesh 2006 ents"[97] Grameen Bank Bangladesh South "for his work for Korea democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with

"for thei prevent energy f used for purpose ensure t ar energ peaceful is used i safest po way"[103

"for adva economi cial oppo for the p cially wo through eering m work"[10

8

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
2007 Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr. United States

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates

"for alfred_nobel/will/short_testamente.html. their efforts to Retrieved on build up and dis- 2008-12-03. [2] "Alfred Nobel – The Man Behind the seminate greater Nobel about knowledgePrize". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/ man-made climate Intergovernmental Switzerland change, and to lay articles/controversies/index.html. Panel on Climate Retrieved on the foundations 2009-01-08. Change [3] the measures for "The Nobel Prize Awarders". Nobel that Foundation. to are needed http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/medicine/articles/lindstencounteract such ringertz-rev/index.html. Retrieved on change"[105] 2008-12-03. 2008 Martti Ahtisaari Finland "for his important [4] "The Nobel Prize". Nobel Foundation. efforts, on several http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/. continents and Retrieved on 2008-12-03. over more than [5] "The Nobel Prize Amounts". Nobel three decades, to Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ resolve internanobel_prizes/peace/amount.html. tional conRetrieved on 2008-12-03. flicts"[106] [6] "The Nobel Peace Prize Award Ceremony". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/award_ceremonies/ ceremony_oslo/index.html. Retrieved on ^ A. The form and spelling of the names in 2008-12-03. the name column is according to nobel[7] Tønnesson, Øyvind (2000-06-29). prize.org, the official website of the Nobel "Controversies and Criticisms". Nobel Foundation. Alternative spellings and name Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ forms, where they exist, are given at the artaward_ceremonies/ceremony_oslo/ icles linked from this column. Where availindex.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-03. able, an image of each Nobel Laureate is [8] "The Nobel: Dynamite or damp squib?". provided. For the official pictures provided BBC News. 2000-10-08. by the Nobel Foundation, see the pages for http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/ each Nobel Laureate at nobelprize.org. middle_east/3724734.stm. Retrieved on ^ B. The information in the country 2008-12-03. column is according to nobelprize.org, the of[9] Tønnesson, Øyvind (1999-12-01). ficial website of the Nobel Foundation. This "Controversies Mahatma Gandhi, the information may not necessarily reflect the Missing Laureate". Nobel Foundation. recipient’s birthplace or citizenship. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/ ^ C. The citation for each award is quoted articles/gandhi/index.html. Retrieved on (not always in full) from nobelprize.org, the 2008-12-03. official website of the Nobel Foundation. [10] ^ Lundestad, Geir (2001-03-15). "The Nobel Peace Prize, 1901–2000". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/articles/lundestad• "All Nobel Peace Prize Laureates". Nobel review/index.html. Retrieved on Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ 2008-11-28. nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/. Retrieved [11] ^ "Nobel Laureates Facts". Nobel on 2008-11-29. Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ • "Nobel Prize winners by category nobel_prizes/nobelprize_facts.html. (peace)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 2008-12-03. http://www.britannica.com/nobelprize/ [12] "Women Nobel Laureates". Nobel browse?browseId=255938. Retrieved on Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ 2008-11-29. nobel_prizes/lists/women.html. Retrieved Specific on 2008-11-21. [1] "Excerpt from the Will of Alfred Nobel". [13] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1901". Nobel Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/

Notes

References

9

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates

nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1901/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1913/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [14] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1902". Nobel [27] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1917". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1902/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1917/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [15] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1903". Nobel [28] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1919". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1903/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1919/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [16] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1904". Nobel [29] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1920". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1904/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1920/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [17] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1905". Nobel [30] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1921". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1905/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1921/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [18] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1906". Nobel [31] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1922". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1906/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1922/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [19] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1907". Nobel [32] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1925". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1907/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1925/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [20] ^ "Peace Prize is divided; Teodoro [33] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1920". Nobel Moneta of Italy and Louis Renault of Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ France Share It". The New York Times. nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1920/ 1907-12-11. http://query.nytimes.com/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. gst/ [34] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1927". Nobel abstract.html?res=9E04E2DB1738E033A25752C1A9649D946697D6CF. Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ Retrieved on 2009-01-25. nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1927/ [21] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1908". Nobel index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ [35] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1929". Nobel nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1908/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1929/ [22] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1909". Nobel index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ [36] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1930". Nobel nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1909/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1930/ [23] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1910". Nobel index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ [37] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1931". Nobel nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1910/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1931/ [24] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1911". Nobel index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ [38] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1933". Nobel nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1911/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1933/ [25] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1912". Nobel index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ [39] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1934". Nobel nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1912/ Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1934/ [26] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1913". Nobel index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ [40] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1935". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/

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nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1935/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [41] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1936". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1936/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [42] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1937". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1937/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [43] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1938". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1938/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [44] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1944". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1944/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [45] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1945". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1945/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [46] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1946". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1946/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [47] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1947". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1947/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [48] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1949". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1949/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [49] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1950". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1950/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [50] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1951". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1951/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [51] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1952". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1952/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [52] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1953". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1953/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [53] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1954". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1954/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [54] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1957". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates
nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1957/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [55] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1958". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1958/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [56] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1959". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1959/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [57] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1960". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1960/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [58] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1961". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1961/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [59] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1962". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1962/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [60] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1963". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1963/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [61] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1964". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [62] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1965". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1965/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [63] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1968". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1968/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [64] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1969". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1969/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [65] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1970". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1970/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [66] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1971". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1971/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [67] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1973". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1973/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [68] ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1974". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1974/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [69] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1975". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1975/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [70] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1975–Presentation Speech". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1975/ press.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-03. [71] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1976". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1976/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [72] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1977". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1977/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [73] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1978". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1978/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [74] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1979". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1979/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [75] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1980". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1980/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [76] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1981". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1981/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [77] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1982". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1982/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [78] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1982–Presentation Speech". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1982/ press.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-03. [79] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1983". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1983/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [80] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1984". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1984/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [81] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1985". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1985/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12.

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates
[82] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1986". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1986/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [83] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1987". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1987/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [84] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1988". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1988/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [85] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1988–Press release". Nobel Foundation. 1988-09-29. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/ laureates/1988/press.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-28. [86] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1989". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1989/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-12. [87] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1989–Press release". Nobel Foundation. 1989-10-05. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/ laureates/1989/press.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-28. [88] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1990". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1990/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [89] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1991". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1991/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [90] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1992". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1992/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [91] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1993". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1993/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [92] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1994". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1994/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [93] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1995". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1995/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [94] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1996". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1996/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [95] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1997". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1997/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [96] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1998". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1998/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [97] "The Nobel Peace Prize 1999". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1999/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [98] "The Nobel Peace Prize 2000". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2000/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [99] "The Nobel Peace Prize 2001". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2001/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [100]The Nobel Peace Prize 2002". Nobel " Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2002/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [101]The Nobel Peace Prize 2003". Nobel " Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2003/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20.

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates
[102]The Nobel Peace Prize 2004". Nobel " Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2004/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [103]The Nobel Peace Prize 2005". Nobel " Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2005/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [104]The Nobel Peace Prize 2006". Nobel " Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2006/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [105]The Nobel Peace Prize 2007". Nobel " Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2007/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [106]The Nobel Peace Prize 2008". Nobel " Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/ nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2008/. Retrieved on 2008-10-10.

External links
• Official website of the Norwegian Nobel Committee

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