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Lech Kaczyński

Lech Kaczyński
Lech Aleksander Kaczyński President of the Supreme Chamber of Control of Poland In office 1992 – 1995 Preceded by Succeeded by Born Political party Spouse Profession Religion Walerian Pańko Janusz Wojciechowski 18 June 1949 (1949-06-18) Warsaw, Poland None Law and Justice (2001-2006) Maria Kaczyńska Lawyer Roman Catholic

President of Poland Incumbent Assumed office 23 December 2005 Prime Minister Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz Jarosław Kaczyński Donald Tusk Aleksander Kwaśniewski

Lech Aleksander Kaczyński , pronounced [ˈlɛx alɛˈksandɛr kaˈtʂɨɲskʲi] (born 18 June 1949) is the President of the Republic of Poland, a politician of the conservative party Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice, PiS). Kaczyński served as Mayor of Warsaw from 2002 until 22 December 2005, the day before his presidential inauguration. He is the identical twin brother of the former Prime Minister of Poland, Jarosław Kaczyński.

Preceded by

Personal life
Early life
Lech Kaczyński was born in Warsaw, the son of Rajmund (an engineer who served as a soldier of the Armia Krajowa in World War II and a veteran of the Warsaw Uprising)[1] and Jadwiga (a philologist at the Polish Academy of Sciences)[2]. As a child, he starred in a 1962 Polish film, The Two Who Stole the Moon (Polish title O dwóch takich, co ukradli księżyc) with his twin brother Jarosław. Lech Kaczyński is a graduate of law and administration of Warsaw University. In 1980 he was awarded his PhD by Gdańsk University. In 1990 he had his habilitation in labour and employment law. He later assumed professorial positions at Gdańsk

Justice Minister of Poland In office 12 June 2000 – 4 July 2001 President Prime Minister Preceded by Succeeded by Mayor of Warsaw In office 18 November 2002 – 22 December 2005 Preceded by Succeeded by Wojciech Kozak Mirosław Kochalski (acting) Aleksander Kwaśniewski Jerzy Buzek Hanna Suchocka Stanisław Iwanicki

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University and Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw.

Lech Kaczyński
Izba Kontroli, NIK) from February 1992 to May 1995 and later Minister of Justice and Attorney General in Jerzy Buzek’s government from June 2000 until his dismissal in July 2001. During this time he was very popular because of his strong stance against corruption.

Marriage and family
He is married to an economist Maria Kaczyńska (born 1943) and has one daughter, Marta (born 1980) who graduated from the Department of Law at Gdańsk University. Marta is married and in 2003 she gave birth to her daughter, Ewa. Mr. and Mrs. Kaczyński are animal lovers. They have two dogs and two cats.[3]

Law and Justice
In 2001 he founded the conservative political party Law and Justice (PiS) party with his brother Jarosław. Lech Kaczyński was the president of the party between 2001 and 2003.

Opposition to Communism
In the 1970s Lech Kaczyński was an activist in the pro-democratic anti-Communist movement in Poland, Workers’ Defence Committee, as well as the Independent Trade Union movement. In August, 1980, he became an adviser to the Inter-Enterprise Strike Committee in the Gdańsk Shipyard and the Solidarity movement. During the martial law introduced by the communists in December, 1981, he was interned as an anti-socialist element. After his release from internment, he returned to trade union activities, becoming a member of the underground Solidarity. When Solidarity was legalized again in the late 1980s, Lech Kaczyński was an active adviser of Lech Wałęsa and his Komitet Obywatelski Solidarność in 1988. From February to April, 1989, he participated in Polish Round Table talks.

Mayor of Warsaw
In 2002, Lech Kaczyński was elected the mayor of Warsaw with a big advantage over his opponents.[4] He started his term in office by declaring a war on corruption and the fight aganst the so-called „Warsaw connections”. He strongly supported the construction of the Museum of the Warsaw Uprising and in 2004 appointed a historical panel to estimate material losses that were inflicted upon the city by the Germans in the Second World War (an estimated 85% of the city was destroyed in the Warsaw Uprising) as a direct response to heightened claims coming from German expellees from Poland. The panel estimated the losses to be at least 45.3 billion euros ($54 billion) in current value. He also promoted currently under construction museum of Polish Jews in Warsaw by donating city land to the project. Kaczyński banned the Warsaw gay movement parade in 2004 and 2005, stating the lack of necessary documentation by organisers as the reason but also saying the parade would promote a "homosexual lifestyle".[5] He also cited as reasons for the ban security measures, it being offensive to public morals and the fact that the parade coincided with the unveiling of a monument to general Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski. In 2004 his opponents called his actions unconstitutional and he has been repeatedly criticised by the Mazowieckie voivodeship administration, which officially supervises the Mayor of Warsaw. In 2005, he allowed a counterdemonstration, the "Parade of Normality."[6] Republic of Poland

Porozumienie Centrum
Kaczyński was elected a senator in the elections of June 1989, and became the vicechairman of Solidarity trade union NSZZ Solidarność. In the 1991 parliamentary election, he was elected to the parliament as a non-party member. He was, however, supported by the electoral committee Center Civic Alliance, closely related but not identical to the political party Porozumienie Centrum (Center Agreement) led by his brother. He was also the main adviser and supporter of Lech Wałęsa when the latter was elected President of Poland in December 1990. Wałęsa nominated Kaczyński to be the Security Minister in the Presidential Chancellery but fired him in 1992 due to a conflict concerning Jan Olszewski’s government. Lech Kaczyński was the President of the Supreme Chamber of Control (Najwyższa

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Lech Kaczyński
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Presidency
Presidential elections
see: Polish presidential election, 2005 On 19 March 2005, he formally declared his intention to run for president in the October 2005 election. Elected President of the Republic of Poland were he defeated runner up Donald Tusk, polling 54.04 percent of the vote, Kaczyński assumed the office on 23 December 2005 by taking an oath before the National Assembly.

Domestic policy
In his first public speech as president-elect, Kaczyński said his presidency would have the fundamental task amelioration of the Republic. This will consist of "purging various pathologies from our life, most prominently including crime (...), particularly criminal corruption – that entire, great rush to obtain unjust enrichment, a rush that is poisoning society, [and preventing the state from ensuring] elementary social security, health security, basic conditions for the development of the family [and] the security of commerce and the basic conditions for economic development.[7] During his inauguration he stated several goals he would pursue during his presidency. Among those concerning internal affairs were: increasing social solidarity in Poland, bringing justice to those who were responsible or affected by communist crimes in the People’s Republic of Poland, fighting corruption, providing security in economy, and safety for development of family. Kaczyński

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also stated that he would seek to abolish differences between regions. In his speech he also put emphasis on combining modernisation with tradition and remembering the teachings of Pope John Paul II. On December 21, 2008, Lech Kaczyński became the first Polish head of state to visit a Polish synagogue for a religious service. His attendance coincided with the first night of Hanukkah.[8]

Lech Kaczyński
has provided the website of the President of Poland for dissemination of information for blocked by the Russian Federation Georgian internet portals. During the state visit to Serbia in 2009 Kaczyński said that the Polish government, on the basis of its constitutional competences, decided to recognize Kosovo and emphasized that he, as the President of the state, did not agree with that.[13]

Presidential pardons
In the years 2005-2007, as per article 133 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, president Lech Kaczyński has pardoned 77 people and declined to pardon 550.

Gallery

Foreign affairs
In foreign affairs, President Kaczyński noted that many of Poland’s problems were related to the lack of energy security and this issue would have to be resolved in order to protect Polish interests. Strengthening ties with the USA while continuing to develop relations within the European Union are two main goals of Polish foreign affairs, as well as improving relations with France and Germany despite several problems in the relations with the latter. Outside those issues, the main tasks include developing a visible strategic partnership with Ukraine and greater cooperation with the Baltic states and Georgia. Defense Minister Radosław Sikorski compared the planned Russia to Germany gas pipeline to the infamous Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact and Foreign minister Anna Fotyga stated that the pipeline was a threat to Poland’s energy security.[9] In November 2006 Helsinki European Union--Russia meeting Poland vetoed the launch of EU-Russia partnership talks due to Russian ban on Polish meat and plant products imports.[10] As a reaction to claims by an obscure German exile group Preussische Treuhand, which represents post-1945 German expellees from Eastern Europe, the Polish Foreign Minister Fotyga (a protégé of Kaczyński) mistakenly threatened to reopen a 1990 Treaty fixing the Oder and Neisse rivers as the border between the two countries instead of the Neighborhood Treaty signed in the same year.[11][12] In 2008 following the military conflict between Russia and Georgia, Lech Kaczyński

Lech Kaczyński

President Lech Kaczyński during military parade in Warsaw August 15, 2007.

Jarosław Kaczyński (left), Lech Kaczyński (middle) and Pope Benedict XVI

Halemba coal mine briefing 2006-11-2

With Vaclav With Ahmet Klaus Sezer

With Abdullah of Saudi Arabia

Lech Kaczyński in Brussel

With scarf

2007 World Men’s Handball Championship 2007-02-04

With Boris Tadić

With his wife Maria

Lech Kaczyński President and Mikheil as child Saak’ashvili, Mrs. actor in Kaczyńska Lech Lech Kaczyński the 1962 Kaczyński (center, left) film The at the groundand Valdas with former Two Who breaking

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Adamkus in Tbilisi, November 2007. United States First Lady Nancy Reagan (center, in tan suit) at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library 17 July 2007, as Mrs. Reagan prepares to accept the Order of the White Eagle from the President on behalf of the late U.S. President Ronald Reagan. ceremony for the Museum of the history of the Polish Jews, Warsaw 26 June 2007.

Lech Kaczyński
[11] "Poles Angered by German WWII Stole the Moon;Compensation Claims" (in en). Spiegel Online. 2006-12-18. Lech is on http://www.spiegel.de/international/ the right 0,1518,455183,00.html. Retrieved on and his 2006-01-16. brother [12] "Furious Poland Threatens to Re-Open Jarosław German Border Treaty" (in en). Spiegel Kaczyński Online. 2006-12-19. is on the left. http://www.spiegel.de/international/ 0,1518,455516,00.html. Retrieved on 2006-01-16. [13] TALKS TADIC – KACINSKY

External links
• (Polish)/(English) Official site • (Polish) [1] • Strong and Moral State: Lech Kaczynski Speaks on His Presidential Plans • Lech Kaczynski – The Head of the Capital Ready to Head the State • The Times: New Polish leader finds demons lurking at home and abroad • The Economist: Twins together, Poles apart • Jewish Currents: The Return of the Radical Right in Poland • (Polish) Fundacja Batorego: Wykład Lecha Kaczyńskiego, 19 September 2005 • (Polish) Wprost: Sylwetka • BBC profile: [2] • The Guardian: Polish leader’s anti-gay stance threatens EU voting rights - 25 October 2005 • (Polish) WP.pl:About Independence • Kaczynski Brothers: Movie Stars That Turned Politicians • President to Welcome Polish President Lech Kaczynski to the White House • IISS by H.E. Lech Kaczyński, President of the Republic of Poland • GW:Kaczyński prezydentem • US Congartulation • With USA Vc-president • The Polish President Lech Kaczyński visited the United States (8-11 February 2006). • Visit in Ukraina • Raport ws. żołnierzy WSI będzie jawny Wojskowe Służby Informacyjne • Lithuanian president in Warsaw • Poland supports Turkish EU entry • Poland hopes for complete pullout from Iraq by end 2007

References
[1] Rajmund Kaczyñski h. Pomian: genealogia (Potomkowie Sejmu Wielkiego) [2] Jadwiga Jasiewicz h. Rawicz: genealogia (Potomkowie Sejmu Wielkiego) [3] http://www.president.pl/x.node?id=437 [4] http://www.president.pl/x.node?id=437 [5] "BBC News: Gay marchers ignore ban in Warsaw". http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/ world/europe/4084324.stm. [6] "Radio Polonia: Anti-gay demonstration in Warsaw". http://www.radio.com.pl/ polonia/article.asp?tId=24125&j=2. [7] "Speech of the president-elect on his official webpage". http://www.president.pl/x.node?id=434. [8] Associated Press.Polish president visits synagogue for Hanukkah. accessed and written 21 Dec. 2008. [9] "ENERGY DELIVERIES -- Gas Diplomacy" (in en). The Warsaw Voice. 2006-06-07. http://www.warsawvoice.pl/ view/11553/. Retrieved on 2006-01-16. [10] "EU Divided After Poland’s Veto Hosts Russia’s Putin at Summit" (in en). MosNews. 2006-11-24. http://www.mosnews.com/news/2006/11/ 24/eudivided.shtml. Retrieved on 2006-01-16.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Political offices Preceded by Walerian Pańko Preceded by Hanna Suchocka Preceded by Wojciech Kozak

Lech Kaczyński

President of the Supreme Cham- Succeeded by Janusz Wojciechowski ber of Control 1992 – 1995 Minister of Justice 2000 – 2001 President of Warsaw 2002 – 2005 Succeeded by Stanisław Iwanicki Succeeded by Mirosław Kochalski
Acting

Preceded by President of Poland Aleksander Kwaśniewski 2005 – present Order of precedence Preceded by None Polish order of precedence President

Incumbent

Succeeded by Bronisław Komorowski
Sejm Marshal

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lech_Kaczy%C5%84ski" Categories: 1949 births, Living people, People from Warsaw, Identical twins, Polish Roman Catholics, Polish child actors, University of Warsaw alumni, Polish lawyers, Solidarity (Polish union movement) activists, Roman Catholic activists, Actor-politicians, Members of Polish Senate 1989-1991, Members of Polish Sejm 1991-1993, Members of Polish Sejm 2001-2005, Government ministers of Poland, Prawo i Sprawiedliwość politicians, Leaders of political parties, Presidents of Warsaw, Presidents of Poland, Current national leaders This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 13:41 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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