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Las Vegas Monorail

Las Vegas Monorail
The Las Vegas Monorail (formerly MGM Grand-Bally’s Monorail[2]) is a 3.9-mile (6.3 km) monorail mass transit system located on the Las Vegas Strip, in Clark County, Nevada, United States. It connects the unincorporated communities of Paradise and Winchester, and does not actually enter the City of Las Vegas. It is owned and operated by the Las Vegas Monorail Company. For tax purposes, the Monorail is registered as a notfor-profit company, which is allowed under Nevada law since the Monorail provides a public service. The state of Nevada assisted in bond financing, but otherwise no public money was used in construction, and no future taxpayer obligation will be incurred.[3]

Las Vegas Monorail

A monorail train arriving at the Sahara Station Info Type System Locale Termini No. of stations Daily ridership Operation Opened Owner Operator(s) Character Rolling stock Technical Line length No. of tracks 3.9 mi (6.3 km) 2 July 15, 2004 Las Vegas Monorail Company Las Vegas Monorail Company Elevated (two future underground stations) 9 Bombardier MVI trains Monorail ALWEG (inflated rubber tires on concrete guideway) Las Vegas Strip, Nevada Sahara MGM Grand 7 (5 more stations to be added, including 2 underground at the airport) ▲ 22,893 (Quarter 1 - 2008[1])

History
The Las Vegas Monorail project was built by Bombardier Transportation upon an existing free monorail that ran between the MGM Grand and Bally’s, closing a long gap in the Strip that tourists usually had to travel on foot. After many delays, the finished Las Vegas Monorail opened to the public on July 15, 2004 with the completion and testing of "Phase 1." During testing and commissioning, the monorail suffered several malfunctions that delayed the start of passenger service for almost a year. The most severe of these problems related to parts falling from the monorail to the ground under the tracks. On September 8, 2004, more problems with falling parts led to the closing of the monorail for nearly four months. It reopened on December 24, 2004. A number of repairs were made to the monorail cars during this shutdown. Each time the monorail system requires major engineering changes, it must undergo a lengthy "commissioning" process to confirm the effectiveness and safety of the repairs. The local press reported that each day the monorail was down cost the system approximately $85,000, and that over $8.3 million was lost as a result of this one shutdown.

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Transit Systems Management officials cited the good handling of crowds during the Consumer Electronics Show in January 2005 as proof that the system can handle a major convention. On February 2, 2005, the monorail system had to be shut down again due to problems with the electrical system. Reportedly, a short circuit required replacement of a 30-foot (9.1 m) section of the power rail. The system reopened about 12 hours later. July 2005 set a record for ridership for the monorail, with over one million passengers. BankWest debuted a red "MoneyRail" branded train, and joins Nextel Communications (now a part of Sprint Nextel Corporation), Hansens Beverage, and Paramount Studios (with a Star Trek themed train) as corporate sponsors. On July 8, 2005, Transit Systems Management announced that it would shut down, turning over its responsibilities to the Las Vegas Monorail Company, the system operator. Curtis Myles, a former deputy general manager of the Regional Transportation Commission of Southern Nevada, became President of the Las Vegas Monorail Company. He assumed his duties on July 18. Expansion plans took a step forward on November 1, 2005, when the County Commission approved a study into the feasibility of an airport extension. On June 6, 2006, it was announced by the Las Vegas Monorail Corporation that Las Vegas Monorail revenues rose nearly 16 percent from the previous year, to $3,250,565 in April 2006. Likewise, ridership had also increased, from 563,823 riders in January 2006 to 704,527 in April 2006. New ticket distribution and marketing efforts had been implemented to continue the trend, including a ticket brokerage program that provided convention attendees with monorail tickets in advance and a national public relations program.

Las Vegas Monorail

The Las Vegas Monorail pulling into the Las Vegas Convention Center Station about fifteen minutes to travel its total distance of 3.9 miles (6.3 km). The monorail generally runs behind the eastern Strip side hotels and casinos, a long block away from the Strip. To get to the Strip thus usually requires a walk through a casino, emerging upon the Strip in front of the property. This lack of a direct presence on the Strip along with criticized ticket prices has been a factor in the rather slow acceptance of the monorail.[4] The proposed New Las Vegas Arena, to be built behind Bally’s and Paris Las Vegas, could be accessed from the existing Bally’s station.

System name and sponsorship
The Las Vegas Monorail was honorarily named the Robert N. Broadbent Las Vegas Monorail for Robert N. Broadbent, whom Las Vegas officials credit with gaining the support from the public and officials needed to bring the monorail to fruition. Broadbent, a former Boulder City mayor, Clark County commissioner, assistant secretary of the interior, and McCarran International Airport director, died in 2003, a few months before the system’s scheduled opening. The Las Vegas Monorail Company is the company’s official corporate name. [5] The Las Vegas Monorail generates revenue not only from ticketed passengers, but also from corporate sponsors. Branding rights for the seven stations and the nine trains are available, and the sponsorship prices are in the millions. Hansens Beverage sponsored the first monorail train, featuring its Monster Energy Drink. Nextel

Operations
The present monorail (Phase 1 of the overall project) begins at the MGM Grand Hotel near the south end of The Strip, and runs roughly parallel to the Strip on its eastern side. The monorail passes next to the Convention Center and the Las Vegas Hilton, both with stations, before ending at the Sahara hotel at the north end of the Strip. The ride takes

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Communications created a totally themed pavilion by branding the largest station, adjacent to the Las Vegas Convention Center. Since the Sprint-Nextel Merger in late 2005, Nextel Central has been rebranded as Sprint Central, however in late February 2008, the Sprint Nextel Corporation terminated their sponsorship contract. All stations in the system have available advertising opportunities. By selling advertising and branding rights for the stations, the system earns revenue in addition to the fares paid by passengers.

Las Vegas Monorail
that New York city’s subway system recovers only 67% of its operating costs through fares and advertising revenue, and that the New York system is the best performer in the US in that respect.

Stations

Construction and planning
The Las Vegas Monorail was designed by Gensler of Nevada, engineered by Las Vegas based Carter Burgess (now Jacobs Carter Burgess) and constructed by Granite Construction, Inc. of California, one of the largest civil contractors in the United States. The Las Vegas Monorail vehicles and signals systems were developed by Bombardier Transportation. The technology for the monorail vehicles came directly from the welltested monorail systems running in Walt Disney World. Bombardier constructed Mark VI Monorail trains both for Walt Disney World Monorail System and for Las Vegas. The design of the monorail stations was executed by Carter Burgess. The guideway design was mainly performed by Harry Jasper, Carlos Banchik, Paul Greco, Laura Thompson, Doug Morales and Khalil Amrikani.

The Las Vegas Monorail pulling into the Bally’s/Paris Station Stations listed from north to south. • Sahara Station • Las Vegas Hilton Station • Las Vegas Convention Center Station • Harrah’s / Imperial Palace Station • Flamingo / Caesars Palace Station • Bally’s / Paris Las Vegas Station • MGM Grand Station

Management structure
Having an independent non-profit corporation in charge of financing, maintaining and running the entire system was a relatively new idea with very few precedents. From the start, extremely high standards and great financial demands were set for what was a new, unproven management structure in the transit domain. The pressure to perform without losing money was great. It was expected that in addition to covering operating expenses and service of the debt, there would be surplus revenue that would be invested in expansion of the system. Prior to the Las Vegas Monorail, no major urban transportation system in the United States operated without significant public funding. As reported in the Washington Post, a spokesperson for the largest association of transit utilities in the United States noted

Trains
The monorail uses nine Bombardier MVI trains that have four cars in each of the fully automatic trains. The guideway is built to the "ALWEG" track standard; for the first seven years the line only ran as the MGM Shuttle between MGM and Bally’s stations—during this time two ex-Walt Disney World Mark IV monorail trains were used.[6][7][8][9][10] Though the Las Vegas and related train equipment appear superficially similar to the original Alweg design (as exemplefied by the

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Seattle system), their suspension and propulsion systems differ substantially. A Seattle train may be walked end-to-end which is impossible on a Las Vegas or Florida train. The ALWEG Mark VI system used in Las Vegas Monorail consists of two inline large truck tires per car that support the load over the concrete guideway with a rectangular cross section and eight guide tires that straddle the guideway from both sides.[11] The total capacity of the four-car trains is roughly equivalent to two articulated buses at 80 seated and 160 standing passengers.[12] The maximum speed is 50 MPH; although, it’s only reached in a short straight segment of the line. All trains in the system have available advertising and branding opportunities. By selling advertising and branding rights for the trains, the system earns additional revenue.

Las Vegas Monorail

The Las Vegas Monorail over Paradise Rd put on hold. On January 27, 2005, the federal government announced that it would not provide money for the $400 million project. The original plan was to open the system in January 2004, and for it to cover its debts and operating expenses by attracting 19 to 20 million riders. Since the system was not only delayed in opening, but later shut down for four months, income was not as great as organizers had hoped. This reportedly is a contributing factor for the government’s denial of Phase 2 funding.

Tickets
$5.00 Single Ride: Good for one person for one entry/ride.[13] $13.00 Unlimited Day Pass: Good for unlimited travel for one person for a consecutive 24-hour period during operational hours. The 24-hour clock begins and the expiration date and time are stamped on the ticket with first use at the fare gates. $28.00 Unlimited Three-Day Pass: Good for unlimited travel for one person for a consecutive 72-hour period during operational hours. The 72-hour clock begins and the expiration date and time are stamped on the ticket with first use at the fare gates.

Current Phase 2 to McCarran International Airport
Phase 2 was revised to instead extend the monorail system in the opposite direction, south from the MGM Grand Station to McCarran International Airport.[14] Providing monorail service to the airport has been an unpopular idea with limousine and taxi operators in the city, as trips to and from the airport form a major portion of their business.[15] Several hotel and casino owners on the Strip continue to support the project, and are more supportive of an extension to the airport than one to downtown Las Vegas.[16] The airport extension will be built with private funds and is expected to be built by 2012. [17] On September 9, 2008 the monorail company provided details of the proposed expansion to the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors’ Authority board members. The intended airport extension would begin at a new Terminal 3, with the first stop near Terminal 1, turn south on Swenson Street, then continue west on Tropicana Avenue before turning north at Koval Lane to meet up with the

Hours of operation
7:00 a.m. to 2:00 a.m. Monday to Thursday 7:00 a.m. to 3:00 a.m. Friday to Sunday

Extensions
Original Phase 2 to Downtown Las Vegas
Phase 2, a 2.3-mile (3.7 km) long extension along Main Street to Downtown Las Vegas was planned, with new stations at the Stratosphere Hotel, Charleston Boulevard, Bonneville Avenue and Main Street Station. Construction was planned to begin in 2005 with service starting in 2008. However, the anticipated funding from the federal government was not allocated in 2004, so the plans were

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existing system behind the MGM Grand.[18] This route is proposed to be built with private funds. This would add approximately four miles to the existing route, doubling the length of the system. On December 7, 2006, Clark County commissioners granted permission for the proposed extension to McCarran Airport. Funding had not yet been identified.[19] As of 2009 the Las Vegas Monorail Company was still in the planning phases of the proposed extension to McCarran International Airport. [20]

Las Vegas Monorail

[6] McGinnis, George (2004-01-30). "Walt Disney World’s Mark VI Monorail". http://www.mouseplanet.com/mark/ mg040130gm.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-09. "The approximate 1.6 km guideway of the MGM-Grand Bally’s monorail line, which used two Mark IV’s, will be integrated and re-equipped. These twice-retired trains were built in the ’80s and since retirement from WDW have operated for over seven years in Las Vegas." [7] "Las Vegas Mark IVs retire. (1/29/03)". News Briefs Archives - November 23, 2002–February 16, 2003. Monorails.org. • List of rapid transit systems 2003-01-29. http://www.monorails.org/ • Las Vegas Monorail stations tmspages/archive021603.html. Retrieved • Mandalay Bay Tram on 2008-10-09. "Two dutiful Disney-built Mark IVs retired for the second time Sunday night. Previous to Las Vegas, they operated for many years in Florida [1] Investor Relations at Walt Disney World... designed to be a [2] Arthur Andersen LLP (1999-06-17). catalyst for a larger Las Vegas Monorail, "MGM Mirage · SC 13E4". SEC. which will be achieved when the current http://www.secinfo.com/ track is connected to a four-mile system dSq2u.6Uy.4.htm. Retrieved on under construction. New automated 2008-10-09. "Effective December 10, Bombardier MVI trains will run along the 1993, the Company through its wholly same tracks when the new line opens in owned subsidiary, MGM Grand Hotel, early 2004" Inc., and Bally’s Grand Inc. ("Bally’s") [8] Krischer, Reinhard. "ALWEG’s Heritage formed a 50/50 joint venture, MGM in Las Vegas". http://www.alweg.com/ Grand-Bally’s Monorail, LLC. The joint alweghome/ venture was intended to construct, own alwegsheritageinlasvegas.html. and operate the MGM Grand-Bally’s Retrieved on 2008-10-09. "So the Monorail." development of the Alweg monorail, [3] "THE MONORAIL". Archived from the technically described as „a rubber-tired original on 2006-04-24. straddle-beam monorail“, and its http://web.archive.org/web/ technology concept - today used by the 20060424143141/ now opened Las Vegas Monorail http://www.lvmonorail.com/ originated in 1951 in Cologneabout_03_gen_facts.html. Retrieved on Fühlingen." 2008-09-02. [] [9] "ALWEG Beam Comparison Chart". [4] Clark, Andrew. "How Las Vegas Monorails.org. transport gamble turned into a one-track http://www.monorails.org/tMspages/ ride to ruin", The Guardian, February 16, TPBeams.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-09. 2008. Accessed February 16, 2008. "[Type] Disney-Bombardier [type [5] "Las Vegas Monorail Company". Entity currently available for purchase] [Width] details. Nevada Secretary of State. .66M 26" [Height] 1.22M 48" [Width at https://esos.state.nv.us/SOSServices/ Endpoint] 2.03M 80" [Locations] Walt AnonymousAccess/CorpSearch/ Disney World, FL (1971), Las Vegas, NV CorpDetails.aspx?lx8nvq=tzM92x30xBqL128cqzA%252f5Q%253d%253d. (1995)" Retrieved on 2008-01-16. "LAS VEGAS [10] "Comparisons to Other Systems". The MONORAIL COMPANY; Status: Active; Urbanaut Monorail Technology. File Date: 5/12/2000; Type: Domestic http://www.urbanaut.com/ Non-Profit Corporation; Corp Number: Compairisons%20to%20other%20Systems%204.htm. C13309-2000; Qualifying State: NV" Retrieved on 2008-10-09. "The Alweg

See also

References

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monorail system is a 50 year old antiquated monorail concept... Examples are Seattle, Disneyland, Disneyworld and Las Vegas monorails in the U.S, and the Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and several monorails in Japan." [11] Disney/Bombardier suspension [12] Disney/Bombardier rolling stock [13] http://www.lvmonorail.com/buy_tickets/ ticket_info/ [14] [1] [15] LV cab, limo companies rap monorail [16] Las Vegas Review-Journal article August 29, 2006 [17] [2]

Las Vegas Monorail
[18] [3] [19] reviewjournal.com - News - COUNTY COMMISSION: Monorail extension gets OK [20] [4]

External links
• Las Vegas Monorail web site • Las Vegas Strip Map - Including Monorail Stops • Monorail Society Homepage (good source for the technical details of trains, track and stations) • Ridership Graph 2005–2006

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Las_Vegas_Monorail" Categories: Transportation in the Las Vegas metropolitan area, Electric railways, Las Vegas Strip, Monorails, Nevada railroads, Passenger rail transport in Nevada, Rapid transit in the United States, 2004 establishments, ALWEG people movers This page was last modified on 17 May 2009, at 22:47 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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