Kentucky Derby

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Kentucky Derby

Kentucky Derby
Grade 1 race Kentucky Derby

called "The Run for the Roses" for the blanket of roses draped over the winner. It is the first leg of the United States Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing and is followed by the Preakness Stakes then the Belmont Stakes.

The Kentucky Derby is one of the USA’s oldest thoroughbred horse races (the Travers Stakes being the oldest, first ran in 1864). From the time the region was settled, the fields of the Bluegrass region were noted for producing superior race horses. In 1872, Col. Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr., grandson of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition, traveled to England, visiting the Epsom Derby, a famous race that had been running annually since 1780. From there, Clark went on to Paris, France, where in 1863, a group of racing enthusiasts had formed the French Jockey Club and had organized the Grand Prix de Paris, which at the time was the greatest race in France.

The Most Exciting Two Minutes in Sports Location Inaugurated Race type Website Churchill Downs Louisville, Kentucky, USA 1875 Thoroughbred 2009 Kentucky Derby

Race information Distance Track Qualification Weight Purse Bonuses 1¼ miles (10 furlongs) Dirt, Left-handed 3-year-old Colt/Gelding: 126 lbs (57.2 kg) Filly: 121 lbs. (54.9 kg) US$2 million US$ 200

The Kentucky Derby is a Grade I stakes race for three year-old thoroughbred horses, held annually in Louisville, Kentucky, on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-weeklong Kentucky Derby Festival. The race is one and a quarter miles (2 km) at Churchill Downs. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57.2 kg) and fillies 121 pounds (54.9 kg).[1] The race is known in the United States as "The Most Exciting Two Minutes in Sports" for its approximate duration, and is also

A thoroughbred horse is depicted on the reverse of the Kentucky state quarter Returning home to Kentucky, Clark organized the Louisville Jockey Club for the purpose of raising money to build quality racing


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facilities just outside of the city. The track would soon become known as Churchill Downs, named for Meriwether Lewis Clark Jr.’s relatives, John and Henry Churchill, who had provided the land for the racetrack. Officially, the racetrack was incorporated as Churchill Downs in 1937. The Kentucky Derby was first run at 1.5 miles (2.4 km), the same distance as the Epsom Derby and the Grand Prix de Paris. In 1896, the distance was changed to its current 1.25 miles (2 km). On May 17, 1875, in front of an estimated crowd of 10,000 people, a field of 15 three-year-old horses contested the first Derby. Under jockey Oliver Lewis, a colt named Aristides, who was trained by future Hall of Famer, Ansel Williamson, won the inaugural Derby. Later that year, Lewis rode Aristides to a second-place finish in the Belmont Stakes. Although the first race meet proved a success, the track ran into financial difficulties and in 1894 the New Louisville Jockey Club was incorporated with new capitalization and improved facilities. Despite this, the business floundered until 1902 when Col. Matt Winn of Louisville put together a syndicate of businessmen to acquire the facility. Under Winn, Churchill Downs prospered and the Kentucky Derby became the preeminent and oldest thoroughbred horse race in the USA. Between 1875 and 1902, African-American jockeys won 15 of the 28 runnings of the Kentucky Derby. On May 11, 1892, AfricanAmerican jockey Alonzo "Lonnie" Clayton, age 15, became the youngest rider to win the Derby. The 1904 race was won by Elwood, the first Derby starter and winner owned by a woman, Laska Durnell. In 1915, Regret became the first filly to win the Kentucky Derby (of only three in the history of the race), and in 1917, the English bred colt "Omar Khayyam" became the first foreign-bred horse to win the race. Derby participants are limited to threeyear-old horses. No horse since Apollo in 1882 has won the Derby without racing at age two. Thoroughbred owners began sending their successful Derby horses to compete a few weeks later in the Preakness Stakes at the Pimlico Race Course, in Baltimore, Maryland, followed by the Belmont Stakes in Elmont, New York. The three races offered the largest purse and in 1919 Sir Barton became the first horse to win all three races.

Kentucky Derby
However, the term Triple Crown didn’t come into use for another eleven years. In 1930, when Gallant Fox became the second horse to win all three races, sportswriter Charles Hatton brought the phrase into American usage. Fueled by the media, public interest in the possibility of a "superhorse" that could win the Triple Crown began in the weeks leading up to the Derby. Two years after the term was coined, the race, which had been run in mid-May since inception, was changed to the first Saturday in May to allow for a specific schedule for the Triple Crown races. Since 1931, the order of Triple Crown races has been the Kentucky Derby first, followed by the Preakness Stakes and then the Belmont Stakes. Prior to 1931, eleven times the Preakness was run before the Derby. On May 12, 1917 and again on May 13, 1922, the Preakness and the Derby were run on the same day. On eleven occasions the Belmont Stakes was run before the Preakness Stakes.[2]

Churchill Downs in 1901 On May 3, 1952, the first national television coverage of the Kentucky Derby took place. In 1954, the purse exceeded $100,000 for the first time. In 1968 Dancer’s Image became the first (and to this day the only) horse to win the race and then be disqualified after traces of phenylbutazone, an analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug, were found in the horse’s urinalysis; unexpectedly, the regulations at Kentucky thoroughbred race tracks were changed some years later, allowing horses to run on phenylbutazone. The fastest time ever run in the Derby (at its present distance) was set in 1973 at 1 minute 59 2/5 seconds when Secretariat broke the record set by Northern Dancer in 1964. Not only has Secretariat’s record time stood for 35 years and counting, but in the race itself, he did something unique in Triple Crown races: each successive quarter, his times were faster. The second sub-two minute time was recorded by Sham, two-


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fifths of a second behind Secretariat in the same race. Another sub-two minute finish, only the third, was set by in 2001 by Monarchos at 1:59.97. The 2004 Derby marked the first time that jockeys, as a result of a court order, were allowed to wear corporate advertising logos on their clothing. In 2005, the purse distribution for the Derby was changed, so that horses finishing fifth would henceforth receive a share of the purse; previously only the first four finishers did so. Norman Adams has been the designer of the Kentucky Derby Logo since 2002. On February 1, 2006, the Louisville-based fastfood company Yum! Brands, Inc. announced a corporate sponsorship deal to call the race "The Kentucky Derby presented by Yum! Brands." [3]

Kentucky Derby
have eventually led Clark to the idea of making the rose the race’s official flower. However, it was not until 1896 that any recorded account referred to roses being draped on the Derby winner. The Governor of Kentucky awards the garland and the trophy. Pop vocalist Dan Fogelberg composed the song "Run for the Roses" for the 1980 running of the race. Also, every year they make a "Derby" glass that you can buy and take home. They made the very first Derby glass in 1945.

• 1:59.40 - Secretariat (1973) Longest shot to win the Derby • 924:10 - Donerail (1913) Most wins by a jockey • 5 - Eddie Arcaro (1938, 1941, 1945, 1948, 1952) • 5 - Bill Hartack (1957, 1960, 1962, 1964, 1969) Most wins by a trainer • 6 - Ben A. Jones (1938, 1941, 1944, 1948, 1949, 1952) Most wins by an owner • 8 - Calumet Farm (1941, 1944, 1948, 1949, 1952, 1957, 1958, 1968)

In addition to the race itself, a number of traditions play a large role in the Derby atmosphere. The Mint Julep, an iced drink consisting of bourbon, mint and a sugar syrup is the traditional beverage of the race. The historic drink can be served in an ice-frosted silver julep cup but most Churchill Downs patrons sip theirs from a souvenir glass printed with all previous Derby winners. Also, burgoo, a thick stew of beef, chicken, pork and vegetables, is a popular Kentucky dish served at the Derby. The infield, a spectator area inside the track, offers general admission prices but little chance of seeing much of the race. Instead, revelers show up in the infield to party with abandon. By contrast, "Millionaire’s Row" refers to the expensive box seats that attract the rich, the famous and the well-connected. Women appear in fine outfits lavishly accessorized with large, elaborate hats. As the horses are paraded before the grandstands, the University of Louisville marching band plays Stephen Foster’s "My Old Kentucky Home." The Derby is frequently referred to as "The Run for the Roses," because a lush blanket of 554 red roses is awarded to the Kentucky Derby winner each year. The tradition originated in 1883 when New York socialite E. Berry Wall presented roses to ladies at a post-Derby party that was attended by Churchill Downs founder and president, Col. M. Lewis Clark. This gesture is believed to

Year 2009 2008 Winner Mine That Bird Big Brown Jockey Calvin Borel Kent Desormeaux Calvin Borel Edgar Prado Mike E. Smith Stewart Elliott Jose Santos Victor Espinoza Jorge F. Chavez Trainer Bennie L. Woolley, Jr. Rick Dutrow


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2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 1979 1978 Fusaichi Pegasus Charismatic Real Quiet Silver Charm Grindstone Thunder Gulch Go for Gin Sea Hero Lil E. Tee Strike the Gold Unbridled Sunday Silence Winning Colors ‡ Alysheba Ferdinand Kent Desormeaux Chris Antley Kent Desormeaux Gary Stevens Jerry Bailey Gary Stevens Chris McCarron Jerry Bailey Pat Day Chris Antley Craig Perret Pat Valenzuela Gary Stevens Chris McCarron Bill Shoemaker

Kentucky Derby
William H. Turner, Jr. Laz Barrera LeRoy Jolley Woody Stephens Lucien Laurin Lucien Laurin

Neil 1977Fusao Seattle Slew † Jean Cruguet 2:01.00 Drysdale Sekiguchi D. Wayne 1976Bob & Forbes 2:03.20 CorBold Angel Lukas Beverly Lewis dero, Jr. Bob Baffert 1975Michael E. Foolish Pegram Pleasure Bob Baffert 1974Bob & Cannonade Beverly Lewis 2:02.20 Jacinto Vasquez 2:02.40 CorAngel dero, Jr.

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D. Wayne 1973Overbrook Secretariat † 2:01.00 Ron Turcotte Lukas Farm D. Wayne 1972MichaelRidge Riva Lukas† Tabor 2:01.20 Ron Turcotte

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Nick Zito 1971Condren & II 2:03.60 Canonero Gustavo Avila Juan Arias Cornacchia 1970 Dust Mike Don Combs MacKenzie Rokeby Commander 2:02.40 Manganello Miller 1969Stables Majestic Bill Hartack Johnny Lynn S. W. Prince Cal Partee 2:03.00 Longden Whiting 1968* Forward Pass Ismael Henry Nick Zito BCC Stable 2:03.00 Valenzuela Forrest 1967 Proud Clarion Bobby Carl Nafzger Frances A. 2:02.00 Ussery Genter King 1966 Kauai Don Charlie H-G-W Whittingham Partners 1965 Lucky D. Wayne Eugene V. Debonair Lukas Klein 1964 Northern 2:05.00 Brumfield Bill 2:02.20 Shoemaker


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Spend A Buck Angel Cordero, Jr. Swale Sunny’s Halo Gato Del Sol Pleasant Colony Genuine Risk ‡ Spectacular Bid Affirmed † Laffit Pincay, Jr.

Bill Hartack Jack Van D. Dancer & P. 2:03.40 Berg 1963Scharbauer Chateaugay Braulio Charlie Elizabeth A. 2:02.80 Baeza Whittingham Keck 1962 Decidedly Bill Hartack Cam Hunter Farm 2:00.20 Gambolati1961 Carry Back Johnny

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Horatio Luro El Ra Jack A. Price Victor J. Sovinski Frank E. Childs Jimmy Jones Jimmy Jones Hugh L. Fontaine Mesh Tenney

Woody Claiborne 2:02.40 Sellers Stephens 1960Farm Venetian Way Bill Hartack Ed David C. D. J. Foster 2:02.20 Delahoussaye Cross, Jr. 1959Stable Lee Tomy Bill Ed Edwin J. Hancock & Delahoussaye Gregson 1958Peters Tam Tim Jorge John P. Buckland Velasquez Campo 1957Farm Liege Iron Jacinto Vasquez Ronnie Franklin Steve Cauthen LeRoy Jolley Bud Delp Diana 1956Firestone Needles Hawksworth 1955Farm Swaps Harbor View Farm 2:02.40 Shoemaker Ismael 2:02.00 Valenzuela Bill Hartack 2:02.00 David Erb 2:02.40 Bill 2:01.20 Shoemaker

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1954 1953 1952 1951 1950 1949 1948 1947 1946 1945 1944 1943 1942 1941 1940 1939 1938 1937 1936 1935 1934 1933 1932 Determine Dark Star Hill Gail Count Turf Raymond York William Molter 1931Andrew J. Twenty Crevolin Grand

Kentucky Derby
2:03.00 Charley Kurtsinger James G. Rowe, Jr. Jim Fitzsimmons Clyde Van Dusen Bert S. Michell Fred Hopkins Herbert J. Thompson William B. Duke Hanley Webb David J. Leary Fred Burlew Herbert J. Thompson Billy Garth H. Guy Bedwell Henry McDaniel

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Hank Moreno Eddie 1930Cain Hoy Fox † 2:02.00Sande Gallant Earl Hayward Stable Eddie Arcaro Conn McCreary Ben A. Jones Calumet Van 1929 Clyde Farm Dusen 2:01.60 Linus McAtee


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Sol Rutchick Jack J. Amiel 1928 Reigh Count 2:02.60 Lang Chick Max Hirsch 1927King Ranch Whiskery Ben A. Jones Calumet 1926 Bubbling Farm Over 2:01.60 Linus McAtee 2:04.20 Albert Johnson


Middleground William Boland Ponder Citation † Jet Pilot Assault † Hoop Jr. Pensive Count Fleet † Shut Out Whirlaway † Gallahadion Johnstown Lawrin War Admiral † Bold Venture Omaha † Cavalcade Brokers Tip Burgoo King Steve Brooks Eddie Arcaro Eric Guerin Warren Mehrtens Eddie Arcaro Conn McCreary Johnny Longden Wayne D. Wright Eddie Arcaro Carroll Bierman James Stout Eddie Arcaro Charley Kurtsinger Ira Hanford Willie Saunders Mack Garner Don Meade Eugene James

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Ben A. Jones Calumet Ebony 2:05.40Sande 1925 Flying Earl Farm Tom Smith 1924Maine Gold Black Chance Farm Max Hirsch 1923King Ranch Zev Ivan H. Parke 1922Fred W. Morvich Hooper 2:06.80 D. John Mooney 2:06.60Sande Earl 2:07.00 Albert Johnson 2:04.20 Charles Thompson

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Ben A. Jones Calumet 1921 Behave Farm Yourself

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Don 1920Fannie Hertz 2:04.00 Paul Jones Ted Rice Cameron 1919 Sir Barton † Johnny John M. Greentree 2:04.40 Loftus Gaver, Sr.1918Stable Exterminator William Ben A. Jones Calumet 1917Farm Omar 2:01.40 Knapp


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Roy Waldron Milky Way Khayyam Farm 1916 George Smith Jim Belair Stud Fitzsimmons 1915 Regret ‡ Ben A. Jones

Charles Borel Charles T. 2:05.00 Patterson Johnny 2:03.40 Loftus Hollie Hughes James G. Rowe, Sr. Frank D. Weir Thomas P. Hayes Frank M. Taylor Albert Ewing George Ham Charles Mack J. W. Hall

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Joe Notter Herbert M. 2:04.80 1914Woolf Rosebud Old John McCabe George Glen Riddle 2:03.20 Conway 1913Farm Donerail Roscoe Max Hirsch Morton L. 1912Schwartz Worth 2:03.60 Goose Carroll H. 2:05.00 Shilling George 2:04.00 Archibald

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1907 1906 1905 1904 1903 1902 1901 1900 1899 1898 1897 1896 Pink Star Sir Huon Agile Elwood Judge Himes Alan-a-Dale His Eminence Lieut. Gibson Manuel Plaudit Typhoon II Ben Brush Andy Minder Roscoe Troxler Jack Martin Shorty Prior Hal Booker Jimmy Winkfield Jimmy Winkfield Jimmy Boland Fred Taral Willie Simms Buttons Garner Willie Simms W. H. Fizer 1885J. Hal Cotton Joe Woodford Pete Coyne 1884Bashford Buchanan Manor Stable Robert Tucker

Kentucky Derby
2:12.60 Babe Henderson Alex Perry

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2:08.80 Murphy William Bird Isaac Raleigh Colston Green B. Morris James G. Rowe, Sr.

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Robert J. A. H. & D. H. Walden 1876Morris Vagrant John E. John E. Madden 1875Madden Aristides J. C. Cahn J. C. Cahn

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Soup Perkins Frank Goodale Eddie Kunze Alonzo Clayton

A † designates a Triple Crown Winner. Hardy A ‡ designates a filly. 2:07.75 Mike F. *In Dwyer 1968, Dancer’s Image, ridden by Campbell, Bobby Ussery, trained by Lou Cavalaris, Jr., Jr. and owned by Peter Fuller, finished first, but Byron Byron 2:37.50 was disqualified after a post-race urine McClelland McClelland sample revealed traces of a banned drug in H. Eugene horse. The drug 2:41.00 the Leigh & Rose in question - phenylLeigh butazone - is now legal for use on racehorses William in many states,& Cushing including Kentucky. 2:39.25 McDaniel

John H. Bashford 2:41.50 Morris • D. Wayne Lukas swept the 1995 Triple Manor Stable Crown with two different horses. Isaac Murphy Dud Allen The Kentucky Derby is the oldest, Jacobin 2:52.25 • Stable continuous sporting event in the United States. Isaac Murphy Edward Edward 2:45.00 Corrigan• The 2008 second place winner, Eight Corrigan Belles, marks the first time that any horse Thomas Kiley John Noah 2:34.50 has died in the Kentucky Derby. The filly Rodegap Armstrong came in second place before breaking George John Chicago 2:38.00 both front ankles on the cool-down. She Covington Campbell was immediately euthanized. Churchill Stable Downs has since announced that a Isaac Lewis John Labold 2:39.25 magnolia tree will be planted in the McGinty Brothers garden of the Kentucky Derby Museum for Paul Duffy Jim MurphyEightB. A. and that her remains will be J. Belles 2:36.50 Haggin its base. Churchill Downs has interred at also announced that it will rename the La Troienne Stakes (Gr. III) in honor of Eight




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Belles. There are also plans for a ceremony on Derby Day 2009 in her memory. • • • • •

Kentucky Derby
Kentucky Derby Museum The Courier-Journal’s Derby Site Kentucky Derby Festival Map of All Derby Events ESPN.COM Attending the Kentucky Derby (includes future dates) • Kentucky Derby video replays by year, race results and news

See also
• • • • • • • • • 2009 Kentucky Derby 2008 Kentucky Derby Derby pie Kentucky Derby Festival Kentucky Derby top three finishers Kentucky Oaks (sister race) List of attractions and events in Louisville, Kentucky List of graded stakes at Churchill Downs "The Kentucky Derby Is Decadent and Depraved", a seminal sports article by Hunter S. Thompson. Preakness Stakes Belmont Stakes Grand National

The Triple Crown of Horse Racing United States, Thoroughbred Horses: Kentucky Derby | Preakness Stakes | Belmont Stakes United States, Harness Racing Pacers: Cane Pace | Messenger Stakes | Little Brown Jug United States, Harness Racing Trotters: Hambletonian | Yonkers Trot | Kentucky Futurity United Kingdom: 2,000 Guineas Stakes | Derby Stakes (also known as Epsom Derby) | St. Leger Stakes Canada, Thoroughbred Horses: Queen’s Plate | Prince of Wales Stakes | Breeders’ Stakes See Also: Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing | Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Pacers | Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Trotters | American Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing | Canadian Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing * *Series is still under review for races. See page for details on race proposals.

• • •

[1] "Tenth Race Churchill May 1, 2004". May 1, 2004. Daily Racing Forum. Accessed on May 9, 2006. [2] "Preakness Stakes: Three year olds 1 3/16 miles $1 million". preakness-stakes.php. Retrieved on 2009-04-26. [3] Kentucky Derby including Yum Brands in its name - May. 5, 2006

External links
• Kentucky Derby (official site)

Retrieved from "" Categories: Grade 1 stakes races in the United States, Flat horse races for three-year-olds, Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, Recurring events established in 1875, Churchill Downs, Kentucky culture, Kentucky Derby, Sports in Louisville, Kentucky This page was last modified on 23 May 2009, at 02:11 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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