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Joe Biden

Joe Biden
Joe Biden Preceded by Succeeded by Chuck Grassley Dianne Feinstein

Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations In office January 4, 2007 – January 3, 2009 Preceded by Succeeded by Richard Lugar John Kerry

In office June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003 Preceded by Succeeded by Jesse Helms Richard Lugar

In office January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001 Preceded by Succeeded by 47th Vice President of the United States Incumbent Assumed office January 20, 2009 President Preceded by Barack Obama Dick Cheney Children Birth name Political party Spouse Born Jesse Helms Jesse Helms November 20, 1942 (1942-11-20) Scranton, Pennsylvania Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr. Democratic Party Neilia Hunter (deceased; m. 1966 – 1972) Jill Jacobs (m. 1977) Beau Biden Robert Hunter Biden Naomi Christina Biden Ashley Blazer Biden Number One Observatory Circle (Official) Wilmington, Delaware
(Private)

United States Senator from Delaware In office January 3, 1973 – January 15, 2009 Preceded by Succeeded by Caleb Boggs Ted Kaufman

Residence

Chairman of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary In office January 6, 1987 – January 3, 1995 Preceded by Succeeded by Strom Thurmond Orrin Hatch

Alma mater

University of Delaware Syracuse University College of Law Lawyer Roman Catholic

Profession Religion Signature

Chairman of the International Narcotics Control Caucus In office January 4, 2007 – January 3, 2009

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Joe Biden

Website

whitehouse.gov/ vicepresident Joe Biden

Early life and education
Biden was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, the son of Joseph Robinette Biden Sr. (1915–2002) and Catherine Eugenia "Jean" Finnegan (born 1918).[1][2] He was the first of four siblings[2] in an Irish Catholic family originally from Derry, Ireland.[3][4] He has two brothers, James Brian Biden and Francis W. Biden, and a sister, Valerie (Biden) Owens.[5] His great-grandfather, Edward F. Blewitt, was a member of the Pennsylvania State Senate.[6] Biden’s father had been very well-off earlier in his life, but had suffered several business reverses by the time Biden was born,[7] and for several years the family had to live with Biden’s maternal grandparents, the Finnegans.[7] When the Scranton area went into economic decline during the 1950s, Biden’s father could not find enough work.[8] In 1953 the Biden family moved to an apartment in Claymont, Delaware, where they lived for a few years before moving to a house in Wilmington, Delaware.[7] Joe Biden Sr. then did better as a used car salesman, and the family’s circumstances were middle class.[7][8][9] Biden went to the Archmere Academy in Claymont,[10] where he was a standout halfback/wide receiver on the high school football team; he helped lead a perennially losing team to an undefeated season in his senior year.[7][11] He played on the baseball team as well.[7] During these years, he participated in an anti-segregation sit-in at a Wilmington theatre.[12] Academically, Biden was undistinguished,[7] but he was a natural leader among the students.[13] He graduated in 1961.[10] Biden attended the University of Delaware in Newark, where he was more interested in sports and socializing than in studying,[7] although his classmates were impressed by his cramming abilities.[12] He played halfback with the Blue Hens freshman football team,[11] but he dropped a junior year plan to play for the varsity team as a defensive back in order to spend more time with his out-ofstate girlfriend.[11][14] He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts with a double major in history and political science in 1965,[2] ranked 506th of 688 in his class.[15] He went on to receive his Juris Doctor from Syracuse University College of Law in 1968,[16] where by his own description he found it to be "the biggest bore in the world"

This article is part of a series about Joe Biden

Obama–Biden campaign Biden presidential primaries campaign, 2008 Presidential primaries campaign, 1988 Political positions · Electoral history

Joseph Robinette "Joe" Biden, Jr. (pronounced /ˈdʒoʊzɨf rɒbɨˈnɛt ˈbaɪdən/; born November 20, 1942) is the 47th and current Vice President of the United States. He was a United States Senator from Delaware from January 3, 1973 until his resignation on January 15, 2009, following his election to the Vice Presidency. Biden was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania and lived there for ten years before moving to Delaware. He became an attorney in 1969, and was elected to a county council in 1970. Biden was first elected to the Senate in 1972 and became the sixth-youngest senator in U.S. history. He was re-elected to the Senate six times, and was the fourth most senior senator at the time of his resignation. Biden was a long-time member and former chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee. His strong advocacy helped bring about U.S. military assistance and intervention during the Bosnian War. He opposed the Gulf War in 1991. He voted in favor of the Iraq War Resolution in 2002, but later proposed resolutions to alter U.S. strategy there. He has also served as chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, dealing with issues related to drug policy, crime prevention, and civil liberties, and led creation of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act and Violence Against Women Act. He chaired the Judiciary Committee during the contentious U.S. Supreme Court nominations of Robert Bork and Clarence Thomas. Biden unsuccessfully sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988 and 2008, both times dropping out early in the process. Barack Obama selected Biden to be the Democratic Party nominee for Vice President in the 2008 U.S. election. Biden is the first Roman Catholic and the first Delawarean to become Vice President of the United States.

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and pulled many all-nighters to get by.[12][17] During his first year there, he was accused of having plagiarized 5 of 15 pages of a law review article. Biden said it was inadvertent due to his not knowing the proper rules of citation, and he was permitted to retake the course after receiving a grade of F, which was subsequently dropped from his record.[17] He was admitted to the Delaware Bar in 1969.[16] Biden received five student draft deferments during this period, with the first coming in late 1963 and the last in early 1968, at the peak of the Vietnam War.[18] In April 1968, he was reclassified by the Selective Service System as not available for service due to having had asthma as a teenager.[18][19] Biden was not a part of the antiVietnam War movement; he would later say that at the time he was preoccupied with marriage and law school, and that he "wore sports coats ... not tie-dyed".[20] Negative impressions of drinking alcohol in the Biden and Finnegan families and in the neighborhood led to Joe Biden becoming a teetotaler.[7][21] Biden suffered from stuttering through much of his childhood and into his twenties;[22] he overcame it via long hours spent reciting poetry in front of a mirror.[13]

Joe Biden
margin in the usually Republican district,[12] and served from 1970 to 1972[16] while continuing his private law practice as well.[26] His entry into the 1972 U.S. Senate election in Delaware presented Biden with a unique circumstance. Longtime Delaware political figure and Republican incumbent Senator J. Caleb Boggs was considering retirement, which would likely have left U.S. Representative Pete du Pont and Wilmington Mayor Harry G. Haskell, Jr. in a divisive primary fight. To avoid that, U.S. President Richard M. Nixon helped convince Boggs to run again with full party support.[27] No other Democrat wanted to run against Boggs.[12] Biden’s campaign had virtually no money and was given no chance of winning.[7] It was managed by his sister Valerie Biden Owens (who would go on to manage his future campaigns as well) and staffed by other members of his family, and relied upon handed-out newsprint position papers and meeting voters face-to-face;[28] the small size of the state and lack of a major media market made the approach feasible.[25] Biden did receive some assistance from the AFL-CIO and Democratic pollster Patrick Caddell.[12] Biden’s campaign issues focused on withdrawal from Vietnam, the environment, civil rights, mass transit, more equitable taxation, health care, the public’s dissatisfaction with politics-as-usual, and "change".[12][28] During the summer Biden trailed by almost 30 percentage points,[12] but his energy level, his attractive young family, and his ability to connect with voters’ emotions gave the surging Biden an advantage over the ready-to-retire Boggs.[9] Biden won the November 7, 1972 election in an upset by a margin of 3,162 votes.[28] On December 18, 1972, a few weeks after the election, Biden’s wife and one-year-old daughter were killed in an automobile accident while Christmas shopping in Hockessin, Delaware.[2] Neilia Biden’s station wagon was hit by a tractor-trailer as she pulled out from an intersection; the truck driver was cleared of any wrongdoing.[29] Biden’s two sons, Beau and Hunter, were critically injured in the accident, but both eventually made full recoveries.[2] Biden considered resigning in order to care for them;[9] he was persuaded not to by Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield and others and was sworn into office from one of their bedsides.[30] The accident left Biden filled with both anger and

Family and early political career
On August 27, 1966, Biden, then a law student, married Neilia Hunter, who was from an affluent background in Skaneateles, New York and had attended Syracuse [2][7][23] They had met in 1964 University. while on spring break in the Bahamas, and he had overcome her parents’ initial reluctance for her to be dating a Roman Catholic.[24] They had three children, Joseph R. "Beau" Biden III (born 1969), Robert Hunter (born 1970), and Naomi Christina (born 1971).[2] In 1969, Biden began practicing law in Wilmington, Delaware, first as a public defender and then with his own firm, Biden and Walsh.[12] But corporate law did not appeal to him and criminal law did not pay well.[7] He supplemented his income by managing properties.[25] He ran as a Democrat for the New Castle County Council on a liberal platform that included support for public housing in the suburban area.[12] He won by a solid

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religious doubt: "I liked to [walk around seedy neighborhoods] at night when I thought there was a better chance of finding a fight ... I had not known I was capable of such rage ... I felt God had played a horrible trick on me."[31] In order to be at home every day for his young sons,[32] Biden began the practice of commuting every day by Amtrak train for 1½ hours each way from his home in the Wilmington suburbs to Washington, D.C., which he continued to do throughout his Senate career.[9] In the aftermath of the accident, he had trouble focusing on work, and appeared to just go through the motions of being a senator. In his memoirs, Biden notes that staffers were taking bets on how long he would last.[23][33] A single father for five years, Biden left standing orders that he be interrupted in the Senate at any time if his sons called.[30] In remembrance of his wife and daughter, Biden does not work on December 18, the anniversary of the accident.[34] Biden’s elder son, Beau, later became Delaware Attorney General and an Army Judge Advocate serving in Iraq;[35] his younger son, Hunter, became a Washington attorney and lobbyist.[36] In 1975, Biden met Jill Tracy Jacobs, who grew up in Willow Grove, Pennsylvania and would become a teacher in Delaware.[37] They had met on a blind date with Biden’s brother’s help, although it turned out that Biden had already noticed her in a local advertisement.[37] Biden would credit her with renewing his interest in both politics and life.[38] On June 17, 1977, Biden and Jacobs married.[2] They have one daughter, Ashley Blazer (born 1981),[2] who later became a social worker.[36] Biden and his family are members of the Roman Catholic Church, and regularly attend mass at St. Joseph on the Brandywine in Greenville, Delaware.[39]

Joe Biden

Drawer of chamber desk XCI occupied by Biden in the U.S. Senate. Note signature at upper center inside of drawer. Desk was once occupied in the U.S. Senate by President John F. Kennedy.[40]

Senator Biden, Senator Frank Church and President of Egypt Anwar Sadat after signing Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty, 1979

United States Senator
When Biden did take office on January 3, 1973, at age 30 (the minimum age to become a U.S. Senator), he became the sixth-youngest senator in U.S. history.[41] In 1974, freshman Senator Biden was named one of the 200 Faces for the Future by Time magazine.[42] Biden was subsequently elected to six additional terms, in the elections of 1978, 1984, 1990, 1996, 2002, and 2008, usually getting

Senator Biden with President Jimmy Carter in the Oval Office about 60 percent of the vote.[43] He did not face strong opposition; Governor Pierre S. du Pont, IV chose not to run against him in 1984.[44] Biden spent 28 years as a junior senator due to the two-year seniority of his Republican colleague William V. Roth. After Roth was defeated for re-election by Thomas

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R. Carper in 2000, Biden became Delaware’s senior senator. He then became the longestserving senator in Delaware history.[45] In May 1999, Biden set the mark for youngest senator to cast 10,000 votes.[46] In February 1988, after suffering from several episodes of increasingly severe neck pain, Biden was taken by long-distance ambulance to Walter Reed Army Medical Center and given lifesaving surgery to correct an intracranial berry aneurysm that had begun leaking;[47][48] the situation was serious enough that a priest had administered last rites at the hospital.[49] While recuperating, he suffered a pulmonary embolism, which represented a major complication.[48] Another operation to repair a second aneurysm, which had caused no symptoms but was also at risk from bursting, was performed in May 1988.[48][50] The hospitalization and recovery kept Biden from his duties in the U.S. Senate for seven months.[34] Biden has had no recurrences or effects from the aneurysms since then.[48] Biden served on the following committees in the 110th U.S. Congress:[51] • (chairman) • As chairman of the full committee Biden was an ex officio member of each subcommittee. • • Subcommittee on Antitrust Competition Policy and Consumer Rights • Subcommittee on Crime and Drugs (chairman) • Subcommittee on Human Rights and the Law • Subcommittee on Immigration, Border Security, and Refugees • Subcommittee on Technology Terrorism and Homeland Security • (co-chairman) Biden was co-chair of the NATO Observer Group in the Senate.[52]

Joe Biden
confirmation hearings in history, those for Robert Bork in 1987 and Clarence Thomas in 1991.[9] In the Bork hearings, Biden stated his opposition to Bork soon after the nomination, reversing an approval in an interview of a hypothetical Bork nomination he had made the previous year and angering conservatives who thought he could not conduct the hearings dispassionately.[53] At the close, Biden won praise for conducting the proceedings fairly and with good humor and courage, as his 1988 presidential campaign collapsed in the middle of the hearings.[53][54] Rejecting some of the less intellectually honest arguments that other Bork opponents were making,[9] Biden framed his discussion around the belief that the U.S. Constitution provides rights to liberty and privacy that extend beyond those explicitly enumerated in the text, and that Bork’s strong originalism was ideologically incompatible with that view.[54] Bork’s nomination was rejected in the committee by a 9–5 vote,[54] and then rejected in the full Senate by a 58–42 margin. In the Thomas hearings, Biden’s questions on constitutional issues were often long and convoluted, sometimes such that Thomas forgot the question being asked.[55] Thomas later wrote that despite earlier private assurances from the senator, Biden’s questions had been akin to a beanball.[56] The nomination came out of the committee without a recommendation, with Biden opposed.[9] In part due to his own bad experiences in 1987 with his presidential campaign, Biden was reluctant to let personal matters enter into the hearings.[55] Biden initially shared with committee, but not the public, Anita Hill’s sexual harassment charges, on the grounds she was not yet willing to testify.[9] After she did, Biden did not permit other witnesses to testify further on her behalf, such as Angela Wright (who made a similar charge) and experts on harassment.[57] Biden said he was striving to preserve Thomas’s right to privacy and the decency of the hearings.[55][57] The nomination was approved by a 52–48 vote in the full Senate, with Biden again opposed.[9] During and afterwards, Biden was strongly criticized by liberal legal groups and women’s groups for having mishandled the hearings and having not done enough to support Hill.[57] Biden subsequently sought out women to serve on the Judiciary Committee and emphasized women’s issues in the committee’s legislative agenda.[9]

Judiciary Committee
Biden was a long-time member of the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary, which he chaired from 1987 until 1995 and on which he served as ranking minority member from 1981 until 1987 and again from 1995 until 1997. In this capacity, he dealt with issues related to drug policy, crime prevention, and civil liberties. While chairman, Biden presided over the two most contentious U.S. Supreme Court

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Joe Biden
equipment and expertise to it in a successful effort to improve its services.[61][62] Biden was critical of the actions of Independent Counsel Ken Starr during the 1990s Whitewater controversy and Lewinsky scandal investigations, and said "it’s going to be a cold day in hell" before another Independent Counsel is granted the same powers.[63] Biden voted to acquit on both charges during the impeachment of President Clinton. As chairman of the International Narcotics Control Caucus, Biden wrote the laws that created the U.S. "Drug Czar", who oversees and coordinates national drug control policy. In April 2003 he introduced the controversial Reducing Americans’ Vulnerability to Ecstasy Act, also known as the RAVE Act. He continued to work to stop the spread of "date rape drugs" such as flunitrazepam, and drugs such as Ecstasy and Ketamine. In 2004 he worked to pass a bill outlawing steroids like androstenedione, the drug used by many baseball players.[9] Biden’s legislation to promote college aid and loan programs allows families to deduct on their annual income tax returns up to $10,000 per year in higher education expenses. His "Kids 2000" legislation established a public/private partnership to provide computer centers, teachers, Internet access, and technical training to young people, particularly to low-income and at-risk youth.[64]

Joe Biden at the World Economic Forum in Jordan in 2003 Biden was involved in crafting many federal crime laws. In 1984, he was Democratic floor manager for the successful passage of the Comprehensive Crime Control Act; civil libertarians praised him for modifying some of the Act’s provisions, and it was his most important legislative accomplishment at that point in time.[44] He later spearheaded the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, also known as the Biden Crime Law, and the landmark Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA), which contains a broad array of measures to combat domestic violence and provides billions of dollars in federal funds to address gender-based crimes. In 2000, the Supreme Court ruled that the section of VAWA allowing a federal civil remedy for victims of gender-motivated violence exceeded Congress’s authority and therefore was unconstitutional.[58] Congress reauthorized VAWA in 2000 and 2005.[59] Biden has said, "I consider the Violence Against Women Act the single most significant legislation that I’ve crafted during my 35-year tenure in the Senate."[60] In 2004 and 2005, Biden enlisted major American technology companies in diagnosing the problems of the Austin, Texas-based National Domestic Violence Hotline, and to donate

Foreign Relations Committee
Biden was also a long-time member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. In 1997, he became the ranking minority member and chaired the committee from June 2001 through 2003. When Democrats re-took control of the Senate following the 2006 elections, Biden again assumed the top spot on the committee in 2007. Biden was generally a liberal internationalist in foreign policy, who has collaborated effectively with important Republican Senate figures such as Richard Lugar and Jesse Helms and who has sometimes gone against elements of his own party.[65] In response to the refusal of the U.S. Congress to ratify the SALT II Treaty signed in 1979 by Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev and President Jimmy Carter, Biden took the initiative to meet the Soviet Foreign Minister Andrey Gromyko, educated him about

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American concerns and interests, and secured several changes to address objections of the Foreign Relations Committee.[66] Biden’s efforts to combat hostilities in the Balkans in the 1990s brought national attention and influenced presidential policy: traveling repeatedly to the region, he made one meeting famous by calling Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic a "war criminal". He consistently argued for lifting the arms embargo, training Bosnian Muslims, investigating war crimes and administering NATO air strikes. Biden’s subsequent "lift and strike" resolution was instrumental in convincing President Bill Clinton to use military force in the face of systemic human rights violations.[67] Biden has called his role in affecting Balkans policy his "proudest moment in public life" that related to foreign policy.[65] Biden also called on Libya to release political prisoner Fathi Eljahmi.[68] In 1998, Congressional Quarterly named Biden one of "Twelve Who Made a Difference" for playing a lead role in several foreign policy matters, including NATO enlargement and the successful passage of bills to streamline foreign affairs agencies and punish religious persecution overseas.[46]

Joe Biden
Senator Richard Lugar to pass a resolution authorizing military action only after the exhaustion of diplomatic efforts. In October 2002, Biden voted in favor of the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq, justifying the Iraq War. He has long supported the appropriations to pay for the occupation, but has argued repeatedly that the war should be internationalized, that more soldiers are needed, and that the Bush administration should "level with the American people" about the cost and length of the conflict.[71] Biden was a leading advocate for dividing Iraq into a loose federation of three ethnic states.[72] In November 2006, Biden and Leslie Gelb, President Emeritus of the Council on Foreign Relations, released a comprehensive strategy to end sectarian violence in Iraq.[73] Rather than continuing the present approach or withdrawing, the plan called for "a third way": federalizing Iraq and giving Kurds, Shiites, and Sunnis "breathing room" in their own regions.[74] In September 2007, a non-binding resolution passed the Senate endorsing such a scheme.[73] Iraq’s political leadership united in denouncing the resolution as a de facto partitioning of the country, and the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad issued a statement distancing itself.[73] In May 2008, Biden sharply criticized President George W. Bush for his speech to Israel’s Knesset in which he suggested that some Democrats were acting in the same way some Western leaders did when they appeased Hitler in the runup to World War II. Biden stating that "This is bullshit. This is malarkey. This is outrageous. Outrageous for the president of the United States to go to a foreign country, sit in the Knesset ... and make this kind of ridiculous statement." Biden later apologized for using the expletive. Biden further stated that "Since when does this administration think that if you sit down, you have to eliminate the word ’no’ from your vocabulary?"[75]

Biden gives his opening statement and questions to U.S. Ambassador to Iraq Ryan Crocker and General David Petraeus at the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing on Iraq, September 11, 2007 Biden had voted against authorization for the Gulf War in 1991,[65] siding with 45 of the 55 Democratic senators and the U.S. was bearing almost all the burden in the anti-Iraq coalition.[69] Biden stated in 2002 that Saddam Hussein was a threat to national security, and that there was no option but to eliminate that threat.[70] The Bush administration rejected an effort Biden undertook with

Delaware matters
Biden was a familiar figure to his Delaware constituency, by virtue of his daily train commuting from there,[9] and generally sought to attend to state needs.[43] Biden was a strong supporter of increased Amtrak funding and rail security;[43] he hosted barbecues and an annual Christmas dinner for the Amtrak

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Joe Biden
for certain amendments to the bill that would indirectly protect homeowners and forbid anti-abortion felons from using bankruptcy to discharge fines; the overall bill was vetoed by Bill Clinton in 2000 but then finally passed as the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act in 2005, with Biden supporting.[9] The downstate Sussex County region is the nation’s top chicken-producing area, and Biden held up trade agreements with Russia when that country stopped importing U.S. chickens.[43] In 2007, Biden requested and gained $67 million worth of projects for his constituents through congressional earmarks.[82] Biden sits on the board of advisors of the Close Up Foundation, which brings high school students to Washington for interaction with legislators on Capitol Hill.[83]

Biden receiving a 1997 tour of a new facility at Delaware’s Dover Air Force Base crews, and they would sometimes hold the last train of the night a few minutes so he could catch it.[25][43] He was an advocate for Delaware military installations, including Dover Air Force Base and New Castle County Air Guard Base.[76] In 1975, Biden broke from liberal orthodoxy when he took legislative action to limit desegregation busing.[44] In doing so, he said busing was a "bankrupt idea [that violated] the cardinal rule of common sense," and that his opposition would make it easier for other liberals to follow suit.[44] Three years later, Wilmington’s federally-mandated cross-district busing plan generated much turmoil, and in trying to legislate a compromise solution Biden found himself alienating both black and white voters for a while.[77] Since 1991, Biden has served as an adjunct professor at the Widener University School of Law, Delaware’s only law school, where he has taught a seminar on constitutional law.[78][79] The seminar has been one of Widener’s most popular, often with a waiting list for enrollment.[79] Biden has typically co-taught the course with another professor, taking on at least half the course minutes and sometimes flying back from overseas to make one of the classes.[80][81] Biden was a sponsor of bankruptcy legislation during the 2000s, which was sought by MBNA, one of Delaware’s largest companies, and other credit card issuers.[9] Biden fought

Characteristics as senator

Joseph Biden, U.S. Senate photo With a net worth between $59,000 and $366,000, and almost no outside income or investment income, he was consistently ranked as one of the least wealthy members of the Senate.[84][85][86] Biden stated that he was listed as the second poorest member in Congress, a distinction that he was not proud of, but attributed to being elected early in his career.[87] Biden realized early in his

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senatorial career how vulnerable poorer public officials are to offers of financial contributions in exchange for policy support, and he pushed campaign finance reform measures during his first term.[44] During his years as a senator, Biden amassed a reputation for loquaciousness,[88][89][90] with his questions and remarks during Senate hearings being especially known for being long-winded.[91][92] He has been a strong speaker and debater and a frequent and effective guest on the Sunday morning talk shows.[92] In public appearances, he is known to deviate from prepared remarks at will.[93] According to political analyst Mark Halperin, he has shown "a persistent tendency to say silly, offensive, and off-putting things";[92] The New York Times writes that Biden’s "weak filters make him capable of blurting out pretty much anything".[90] Political writer Howard Fineman has said that, "Biden is not an academic, he’s not a theoretical thinker, he’s a great street pol. He comes from a long line of working people in Scranton—auto salesmen, car dealers, people who know how to make a sale. He has that great Irish gift."[25] Political columnist David Broder has viewed Biden as having grown since he came to Washington and since his failed 1988 presidential bid: "He responds to real people—that’s been consistent throughout. And his ability to understand himself and deal with other politicians has gotten much much better."[25]

Joe Biden
their United States senator."[96] Biden cast his last Senate vote on January 15, supporting the release of the second $350 million for the Troubled Assets Relief Program.[97] Biden resigned from the Senate later that day; in emotional farewell remarks on the Senate floor, where he had spent most of his adult life, Biden said, "Every good thing I have seen happen here, every bold step taken in the 36-plus years I have been here, came not from the application of pressure by interest groups, but through the maturation of personal relationships."[98] Delaware’s Democratic governor, Ruth Ann Minner, announced on November 24, 2008, that she would appoint Biden’s longtime senior adviser Ted Kaufman to succeed Biden in the Senate.[99] Kaufman said he would only serve two years, until Delaware’s special senate election in 2010.[99] Biden’s son Beau is a possible candidate for the 2010 race, after ruling himself out of the selection process due to his serving with the Delaware Army National Guard in Iraq.[100]

Political positions
A method that political scientists use for gauging ideology is to compare the annual ratings by the Americans for Democratic Action (ADA) with the ratings by the American Conservative Union (ACU).[101] Biden has a lifetime liberal 72 percent score from the ADA through 2004, while the ACU awarded Biden a lifetime conservative rating of 13 percent through 2008.[102] Using another metric, Biden has a lifetime average liberal score of 77.5 percent, according to a National Journal analysis that places him ideologically among the center of Senate Democrats.[103] The Almanac of American Politics rates congressional votes as liberal or conservative on the political spectrum, in three policy areas: economic, social, and foreign. For 2005–2006, Biden’s average ratings were as follows: the economic rating was 80 percent liberal and 13 percent conservative, the social rating was 78 percent liberal and 18 percent conservative, and the foreign rating was 71 percent liberal and 25 percent conservative.[104] This has not changed much over time; his liberal ratings in the mid-1980s were also in the 70–80 percent range.[44] Various interest groups have given Biden scores or grades as to how well his votes align with the positions of each group. The

Final year
After ending his second presidential bid in January 2008, Biden focused instead on running for a seventh Senate term against Republican Christine O’Donnell. In late August 2008, he was picked by Obama to be his running mate. Biden nevertheless continued to run for Senate re-election as well as Vice President,[94] as permitted by Delaware state law.[43] On November 4, 2008, Biden was reelected as senator, in addition to winning the vice presidency.[95] Having won both races, Biden made a point of holding off his resignation from the Senate so that he could be sworn in for his seventh term on January 6, 2009.[96] He became the youngest senator ever to be sworn in for a seventh full term, and said, "In all my life, the greatest honor bestowed upon me has been serving the people of Delaware as

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American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) gives him an 86 percent lifetime score, with a 91 percent score for the current session of Congress.[105] Biden received a 91 percent voting record from the National Education Association (NEA) showing a pro-teacher union voting record.[106] Biden opposes drilling for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and supports governmental funding to find new energy sources.[107] Biden believes action must be taken on global warming. He cosponsored the Sense of the Senate resolution calling on the United States to be a part of the United Nations climate negotiations and the Boxer-Sanders Global Warming Pollution Reduction Act, the most stringent climate bill in the United States Senate.[108] Biden cites high health care and energy costs as two major threats to the prosperity of American businesses, and believes that addressing these issues will improve American economic competitiveness. Biden was given a 100 percent approval rating from AFL-CIO indicating a heavily pro-union voting record. Biden is opposed to the privatization of Social Security and was given an 89 percent approval rating from the Alliance for Retired Americans (ARA), an organization of retired union members.

Joe Biden

Biden’s 1988 campaign logo In 1987, Biden ran as a Democratic presidential candidate, formally declaring his candidacy at the Wilmington train station on June 9, 1987.[113] When the campaign began, Biden was considered a potentially strong candidate because of his moderate image, his speaking ability on the stump, his appeal to Baby Boomers, his high profile position as chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee at the upcoming Robert Bork Supreme Court nomination hearings, and his fundraising appeal: he raised $1.7 million in the first quarter of 1987, more than any other candidate.[114][115] Biden received considerable attention in the summer of 1986 when he excoriated Secretary of State George Shultz at a Senate hearing because of the Reagan administration’s support of South Africa, which continued to practice the apartheid system.[116] By August 1987, Biden’s campaign, whose messaging was confused due to staff rivalries,[117] had begun to lag behind those of Michael Dukakis and Richard Gephardt,[114] although he had still raised more funds than all candidates but Dukakis, and was seeing an upturn in Iowa polls.[115][118] In September 1987, the campaign ran into trouble when he was accused of plagiarizing a speech by Neil Kinnock, then-leader of the British Labour Party.[119] Kinnock’s speech included the lines: "Why am I the first Kinnock in a thousand generations to be able to

Presidential campaigns
Biden has twice run for the Democratic nomination for President, first in 1988, and again in 2008. He first considered running in 1984, after he gained notice for giving speeches to party audiences that simultaneously scolded and encouraged Democrats.[109] He chose not to run in 1992 in part because he had voted against the resolution authorizing the Gulf War.[43] He considered joining the Democratic field of candidates for the 2004 presidential race but in August 2003 decided otherwise, saying he did not have enough time and any attempt would be too much of a long shot.[110] In May 2004, Biden urged Republican Senator John McCain to run as vice president with presumptive Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry, saying the cross-party ticket would help heal the “vicious rift” in U.S. politics.[111] During this time, Biden was also widely discussed as a possible Secretary of State in a Democratic administration.[112]

1988
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get to university? [Then pointing to his wife in the audience] Why is Glenys the first woman in her family in a thousand generations to be able to get to university? Was it because all our predecessors were thick?" While Biden’s speech included the lines: "I started thinking as I was coming over here, why is it that Joe Biden is the first in his family ever to go to a university? [Then pointing to his wife in the audience] Why is it that my wife who is sitting out there in the audience is the first in her family to ever go to college? Is it because our fathers and mothers were not bright? Is it because I’m the first Biden in a thousand generations to get a college and a graduate degree that I was smarter than the rest?" Though Biden had cited Kinnock as the source for the formulation many times before, he made no reference to the original source at the August 23 Iowa State Fair debate in question or in another appearance.[120][121] While political speeches often appropriate ideas and language from each other, Biden’s use came under more scrutiny because he somewhat distorted his own family’s background in order to match Kinnock’s.[9][121] A few days later, Biden’s plagiarism incident in law school came to light.[17] It was also revealed that when earlier questioned by a New Hampshire resident about his grades in law school, Biden had inaccurately recollected graduating in the "top half" of his class, that he had attended law school on a full scholarship, and had received three degrees in college. He had in fact earned a single B.A. with a double major in history and political science, had received a half scholarship to law school based on financial need with some additional assistance based in part upon academics, and had graduated 76th of 85 in his law school class.[122] The Kinnock and school revelations were magnified by the limited amount of other news about the nomination race at the time,[123] when most of the public were not yet paying attention to any of the campaigns; Biden thus fell into what Washington Post writer Paul Taylor described as that year’s

Joe Biden
trend, a "trial by media ordeal".[124] Biden lacked a strong demographic or political group of support to help him survive the crisis.[118][125] He withdrew from the nomination race on September 23, 1987, saying his candidacy had been overrun by "the exaggerated shadow" of his past mistakes.[126] After Biden withdrew from the race, it was revealed that the Dukakis campaign had secretly made a video showcasing the Biden–Kinnock comparison and distributed it to news outlets.[127] Also later in 1987, the Delaware Supreme Court’s Board of Professional Responsibility cleared Biden of the law school plagiarism charges regarding his standing as a lawyer, saying Biden had "not violated any rules".[128]

2008

Biden’s 2008 campaign logo

Biden campaigning at a Creston, Iowa house party, July 2007 Biden declared his candidacy for president on January 31, 2007, although he had discussed running for months prior,[129] and first made a formal announcement to Tim Russert on Meet the Press on January 7, stating he would "be the best Biden I can be."[130] In January 2006, Delaware newspaper columnist Harry F. Themal wrote that Biden "occupies the sensible center of the Democratic Party."[131] Themal concludes that this is the position Biden desires, and

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that in a campaign "he plans to stress the dangers to the security of the average American, not just from the terrorist threat, but from the lack of health assistance, crime, and energy dependence on unstable parts of the world."[131] During his campaign, Biden focused on the war in Iraq and his support for the implementation of the Biden-Gelb plan to achieve political success. He touted his record in the Senate as the head of major congressional committees and his experience on foreign policy. Despite speculation to the contrary,[132] Biden rejected the notion of accepting the position of U.S. Secretary of State, focusing only on the presidency. At a 2007 campaign event, Biden said, "I know a lot of my opponents out there say I’d be a great Secretary of State. Seriously, every one of them. Do you watch any of the debates? ’Joe’s right, Joe’s right, Joe’s right.’"[133] Other candidates commenting that "Joe is right" in the Democratic debates was converted into a Biden campaign theme and ad.[134] In mid-2007, Biden stressed his foreign policy expertise compared to Obama’s, saying of the latter, "I think he can be ready, but right now I don’t believe he is. The presidency is not something that lends itself to on-the-job training."[135] Biden was noted for his oneliners on the campaign trail, saying of Republican then-frontrunner Rudy Giuliani at the October 30, 2007, debate in Philadelphia, "There’s only three things he mentions in a sentence: a noun, and a verb and 9/11."[136] Biden made remarks during the campaign that attracted controversy. In January 2007, he spoke of fellow Democratic candidate and Senator Barack Obama: "I mean, you got the first mainstream African-American who is articulate and bright and clean and a nice-looking guy, I mean, that’s a storybook, man."[137] This comment took second place on Time magazine’s list of Top 10 Campaign Gaffes for 2007.[138] Biden had earlier been criticized in July 2006 for a remark he made about his support among Indian Americans: "I’ve had a great relationship. In Delaware, the largest growth in population is IndianAmericans moving from India. You cannot go to a 7-Eleven or a Dunkin’ Donuts unless you have a slight Indian accent. I’m not joking."[139] Biden later said the remark was not intended to be derogatory.[139][140] Overall, Biden had difficulty raising funds, struggled to draw people to his rallies, and

Joe Biden
failed to gain traction against the high-profile candidacies of Obama and Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton;[141] he never rose above single digits in the national polls of the Democratic candidates. In the initial contest on January 3, 2008, Biden placed fifth in the Iowa caucuses, garnering slightly less than one percent of the state delegates.[142] Biden withdrew from the race that evening, saying "There is nothing sad about tonight.... I feel no regret."[143]

2008 vice-presidential candidacy

Joe Biden speaking at the August 23, 2008 vice presidential announcement in Springfield, Illinois, while presidential nominee Barack Obama listens Since shortly following Biden’s withdrawal from the presidential race, Obama had been privately telling Biden that he was interested in finding an important place for him in a possible Obama administration.[144] In a June 22, 2008, interview on NBC’s Meet the Press, Biden confirmed that, although he was not actively seeking a spot on the ticket, he would accept the vice presidential nomination if offered.[145] In early August, Obama and Biden met in secret to discuss a possible vice-presidential relationship.[144] On August 22, 2008, Barack Obama announced that Biden would be his running mate.[146][147] The New York Times reported that the strategy behind the choice reflected a desire to fill out the ticket with someone who has foreign policy and national security experience—and not to help the ticket win a swing state or to emphasize Obama’s "change" message.[148] Other observers pointed out Biden’s appeal to middle-class and blue-collar voters, as well as his willingness to

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aggressively challenge Republican nominee John McCain in a way that Obama seemed uncomfortable doing at times.[149] In accepting Obama’s offer, Biden ruled out to him the possibility of running for president again in 2016.[144]

Joe Biden
but will not impose my personal conviction in the legislative arena.’"[151] Biden’s vice presidential campaigning gained little media visibility, as far greater press attention was focused on the Republican running mate, Alaskan Governor Sarah Palin.[90][155] During one week in September 2008, for instance, the Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism found that Biden was only included in five percent of the news coverage of the race, far less than for the other three candidates on the tickets.[156] Biden nevertheless focused on campaigning in economically-challenged areas of swing states and trying to win over blue-collar Democrats, especially those who had supported Hillary Rodham Clinton.[90] Biden attacked McCain heavily, despite a long-standing personal friendship; he would say, “That guy I used to know, he’s gone. It literally saddens me.”[90] As the financial crisis of 2007–2008 reached a peak with the liquidity crisis of September 2008 and the proposed bailout of United States financial system became a major factor in the campaign, Biden voted in favor of the $700 billion Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, which passed the Senate 74–25.[157] On October 2, 2008, Biden participated in the campaign’s one vice presidential debate with Palin. Polling from CNN, Fox and CBS found that while Palin exceeded many voters’ expectations, Biden had won the debate overall.[158][159][160] On October 5, Biden suspended campaign events for a few days after the death of his wife’s mother.[161] During the final days of the campaign, Biden focused on less-populated, older, less well-off areas of battleground states, especially in Florida, Ohio, and Pennsylvania, where polling indicated he was popular and where Obama had not campaigned or performed well in the Democratic primaries.[162][163][164] He also campaigned in some normally Republican states, as well as in areas with large Catholic populations.[164] Under instructions from the Obama campaign, Biden kept his speeches succinct and tried to avoid off-hand remarks, such as one about Obama being tested by a foreign power soon after taking office that had attracted negative attention.[162][163] Obama strategist David Axelrod said that any unexpected comments had been outweighed by Biden’s high popularity ratings.[165] Nationally, Biden had a 60 percent favorability

Biden is nominated as the Democratic vice presidential candidate during the third night of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado. After his selection as a vice presidential candidate, Biden was criticized by his own Roman Catholic Diocese of Wilmington Bishop Michael Saltarelli over his stance on abortion, which goes against the church’s pro-life beliefs and teachings.[150] The diocese confirmed that even if elected vice president, Biden would not be allowed to speak at Catholic schools.[151] Biden was soon barred from receiving Holy Communion by the bishop of his original hometown of Scranton, Pennsylvania, because of his support for abortion rights;[152] however, Biden did continue to receive Communion at his local Delaware parish.[151] Scranton became a flash point in the competition for swing state Catholic voters between the Democratic campaign and liberal Catholic groups, who stressed that other social issues should be considered as much or more than abortion, and many bishops and conservative Catholics, who maintained abortion was paramount.[153] Biden said he believed that life began at conception but that he would not impose his personal religious views on others.[154] Bishop Saltarelli had previously stated regarding stances similar to Biden’s: "No one today would accept this statement from any public servant: ‘I am personally opposed to human slavery and racism but will not impose my personal conviction in the legislative arena.’ Likewise, none of us should accept this statement from any public servant: ‘I am personally opposed to abortion

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rating in a Pew Research Center poll, compared to Palin’s 44 percent.[162] On November 4, 2008, Obama was elected President and Biden Vice President of the United States.[166] The Obama-Biden ticket won 365 electoral college votes to McCainPalin’s 173,[167] and had a 53–46 percent edge in the nationwide popular vote.[168]

Joe Biden
was in daily meetings with Obama and that McCain was still his friend.[172] The U.S. Secret Service codename given to Biden is "Celtic", referencing his Irish roots.[173] Biden chose veteran Democratic lawyer and aide Ron Klain to be his vice-presidential chief of staff,[174] and Time Washington bureau chief Jay Carney to be his director of communications.[175] Biden intended to eliminate some of the explicit roles assumed by the vice presidency of Cheney.[176] But otherwise, Biden said he would not model his vice presidency on any of the ones before him, but instead would seek to provide advice and counsel on every critical decision Obama would make.[177] Biden said he had been closely involved in all the cabinet appointments that were made during the transition.[177] Biden was also named to head the new White House Task Force on Working Families, an initiative aimed at improving the economic well-being of the middle class.[178] As his last act as Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, Biden went on a trip to Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan during the second week of January 2009, meeting with the leadership of those countries.[179] In the early months of the Obama administration, Biden assumed the role of an important behind-the-scenes counselor, and was influential in shaping the administration’s new policy towards the war in Afghanistan.[180] The president compared Biden’s efforts to a basketball player “who does a bunch of things that don’t show up in the stat sheet.”[180]

Vice Presidency

Vice President-elect Biden with Vice President Dick Cheney at Number One Observatory Circle, November 13, 2008

Awards and honors
Biden is sworn into office by Associate Justice John Paul Stevens, January 20, 2009 Biden became the 47th Vice President of the United States on January 20, 2009, when he was inaugurated alongside President Barack Obama. He succeeded Dick Cheney. Biden is the first United States Vice President from Delaware[169] and the first Roman Catholic to attain that office.[170] Biden’s oath of office was administered by Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens.[171] As Biden headed to Delaware’s Return Day tradition following the November 2008 election, and the transition process to an Obama administration began, Biden said he Biden has received honorary degrees from the University of Scranton (1976),[181] Saint Joseph’s University (1981),[182] Widener University School of Law (2000),[79] Emerson College (2003),[183] his alma mater the University of Delaware (2004),[184] Suffolk University Law School (2005),[185] and his other alma mater Syracuse University (2009).[186] Biden received the Chancellor Medal from his alma mater, Syracuse University, in 1980.[187] In 2005, he received the George Arents Pioneer Medal—Syracuse’s highest alumni award[187]—"for excellence in public affairs."[188] In 2008, Biden received the Best of Congress Award, for "improving the American

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Public Offices Office County Council U.S. Senator U.S. Senator U.S. Senator U.S. Senator U.S. Senator U.S. Senator U.S. Senator Vice President Type Location Elected Term began Term ends notes

Joe Biden

Legislature Wilmington 1970 Legislature Washington, 1972 DC Legislature Washington, 1978 DC Legislature Washington, 1984 DC Legislature Washington, 1990 DC Legislature Washington, 1996 DC Legislature Washington, 2002 DC Legislature Washington, 2008 DC Washington, 2008 DC

January January 3, 4th District 4, 1971 1973 January January 3, 3, 1973 1979 January January 3, 3, 1979 1985 January January 3, 3, 1985 1991 January January 3, 3, 1991 1997 January January 3, 3, 1997 2003 January January 3, 3, 2003 2009 January January 6, 2009 15, 2009 January January 20, 20, 2013 2009 incumbent Resigned to serve as Vice President of the United States

quality of life through family-friendly work policies," from Working Mother [189] Also in 2008, Biden shared magazine. with fellow Senator Richard Lugar the Hilal-iPakistan award from the Government of Pakistan, "in recognition of their consistent support for Pakistan."[190] In 2009, Biden received The Golden Medal of Freedom award from Kosovo, that region’s highest award, for his vocal support for their independence in the late 1990s.[191] Biden is an inductee of the Delaware Volunteer Firemen’s Association Hall of Fame.[192]

Electoral history

Writings by Biden

Almanac
^a Even though at the time he was the Vice President-elect, Biden was sworn in for his seventh term in office as the senior senator from Delaware on January 6, 2009. Fourteen days later he was sworn in as Vice President of the United States. ^b Although the 111th Congress’ President is Barack Obama, Biden did not serve as a Senator under Obama due to him serving as Vice President instead.

• Biden Jr., Joseph R. (2007). Promises to Keep. Random House. ISBN 978-1400065363. Also paperback edition, Random House 2008, ISBN 978-0812976212. • Biden Jr., Joseph R. (2001-07-24) (PDF). Administration’s Missile Defense Program and the ABM Treaty: Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 0756719593. http://www.fas.org/ spp/starwars/program/sfr240701.pdf. • Biden Jr., Joseph R. (2002-02-12) (PDF). Examining The Theft Of American Intellectual Property At Home And Abroad: Hearing before the Committee On Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 0756741777. http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/ getdoc.cgi?dbname=107_senate_hearings&docid=f:78 • Biden Jr., Joseph R. (2002-08-01) (PDF). Hearings to Examine Threats, Responses,

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United States Senate service Dates Congress Sen. Majority Democratic President Richard M. Nixon Gerald R. Ford Gerald R. Ford Jimmy Carter Jimmy Carter Ronald W. Reagan Ronald W. Reagan Ronald W. Reagan Ronald W. Reagan George H. W. Bush George H. W. Bush William J. Clinton William J. Clinton William J. Clinton William J. Clinton Committees Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations Judiciary, Foreign Relations

Joe Biden

Class/ District class 2

1973–1975 93rd

1975–1977 94th 1977–1979 95th 1979–1981 96th 1981–1983 97th 1983–1985 98th 1985–1987 99th 1987–1989 100th 1989–1991 101st 1991–1993 102nd 1993–1995 103rd 1995–1997 104th 1997–1999 105th 1999–2001 106th 2001–2003 107th 2003–2005 108th 2005–2007 109th 2007–2009 110th 2009a 111th

Democratic Democratic Democratic Republican Republican Republican Democratic Democratic Democratic Democratic Republican Republican Republican Republican Democratic Republican Republican Democratic Democratic

class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2 class 2

George W. Bush Judiciary, Foreign Relations George W. Bush Judiciary, Foreign Relations George W. Bush Judiciary, Foreign Relations George W. Bush Judiciary, Foreign Relations George W. Bushb

and Regional Considerations Surrounding Iraq: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 0756728231.

http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/ getdoc.cgi?dbname=107_senate_hearings&docid=f:81 • Biden Jr., Joseph R. (September 2003). Strategies for Homeland Defense: A Compilation by the Committee on Foreign

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Election results Year Office 1970 County Councilman Election Votes for Biden General 10,573 116,006 93,930 147,831 112,918 165,465 135,253 257,484 % Opponent Party Votes

Joe Biden

% 43% 49% 41% 40% 36% 38% 41% 35%

55% Lawrence T. Messick 50% J. Caleb Boggs 58% James H. Baxter, Jr. 60% John M. Burris 63% M. Jane Brady 60% Raymond J. Clatworthy 58% Raymond J. Clatworthy 65% Christine O’Donnell

Republican 8,192 Republican 112,844 Republican 66,479 Republican 98,101 Republican 64,554 Republican 105,088 Republican 94,793 Republican 140,584

1972 U.S. Senator General 1978 U.S. Senator General 1984 U.S. Senator General 1990 U.S. Senator General 1996 U.S. Senator General 2002 U.S. Senator General 2008 U.S. Senator General 2008 Vice President General

69,456,897 53% Sarah Palin

Republican 59,934,786 46%

Joe Biden speaking to the Service Employees International Union, January 2007 Relations, U.S. Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 0756726239.

• Biden Jr., Joseph R. (2001-07-08) (PDF). Putin Administration’s Policies toward Non-Russian Regions of the Russian Federation: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 0756726247. http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/ getdoc.cgi?dbname=107_senate_hearings&docid=f:75 • Biden Jr., Joseph R. (2001-09-05) (PDF). Threat of Bioterrorism and the Spread of Infectious Diseases: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 0756726255. http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/ getdoc.cgi?dbname=107_senate_hearings&docid=f:75 • Biden Jr., Joseph R. (2002-02-27) (PDF). How Do We Promote Democratization, Poverty Alleviation, and Human Rights to Build a More Secure Future: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 0756724783. http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/ getdoc.cgi?dbname=107_senate_hearings&docid=f:77 • Biden Jr., Joseph R. (January 2003). Political Future of Afghanistan: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 0756730392. • Biden Jr., Joseph R. (January 2003). International Campaign Against

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Terrorism: Hearing before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 0756730414. • Biden Jr., Joseph R. (2002). Halting the Spread of HIV/AIDS: Future Efforts in the U.S. Bilateral & Multilateral Response: Hearings before the Comm. on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 0756734541. • Biden Jr., Joseph R.; Jesse Helms (April 2000). Hague Convention On International Child Abduction: Applicable Law And Institutional Framework Within Certain Convention Countries Report To The Senate. Diane Publishing. ISBN 0756722500. • Nicholson, William C. (ed.); with a foreword by Joseph Biden (2005). Homeland Security Law and Policy. C. C Thomas. ISBN 0398075832.

Joe Biden

References
[1]

[2]

[3]

[4]

[5]

[6]

[7] ^ Broder, John M. (October 23, 2008). "Father’s Tough Life an Inspiration for Biden". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/24/us/ politics/24biden.html. Retrieved on October 24, 2008. [8] ^ Rubinkam, Michael (August 27, 2008). "Biden’s Scranton childhood left lasting impression". Associated Press. Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/wires/ 2008Aug27/ 0,4670,CVNBidenapossScrantonRoots,00.html. Retrieved on September 7, 2008. [9] ^ Almanac of American Politics 2008, p. 364. [10] ^ "Joe Biden Timeline". Biden senate website. http://biden.senate.gov/senator/ timeline/. Retrieved on August 23, 2008. [11] ^ Frank, Martin (September 28, 2008). "Biden was the stuttering kid who wanted the ball". The News Journal. [12] ^ Current Biography Yearbook 1987, p. 43. "Ancestry of Joe Biden". wargs.com. [13] ^ Taylor, Paul (1990). See How They http://www.wargs.com/political/ Run: Electing the President in an Age of biden.html. Retrieved on August 26, Mediaocracy. Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 2008. 0-394-47059-6. p. 99. ^ "Timeline of Biden’s life and career". [14] Biden, Promises to Keep (paperback), p. Associated Press. August 23, 2008. 27. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/ [15] Taylor, See How They Run, p. 98. article.cgi?f=/n/a/2008/08/22/politics/ [16] ^ "Biden, Joseph Robinette, Jr.". p222636D16.DTL. Retrieved on Biographical Directory of the United September 6, 2008. States Congress. "Profile: Joe Biden". BBC News. August http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/ 23, 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/ biodisplay.pl?index=B000444. Retrieved world/americas/7574085.stm. Retrieved on August 19, 2008. on October 24, 2008. [17] ^ Dionne Jr., E. J. (September 18, 1987). "Number two Biden has a history over "Biden Admits Plagiarism in School But Irish debate". The Belfast Telegraph. Says It Was Not ’Malevolent’". The New November 9, 2008. York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/ http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/ gst/ sunday-life/number-two-biden-has-afullpage.html?res=9B0DE3DB143FF93BA2575AC0A history-over-irish-debate-14048948.html. [18] ^ Chase, Randall (September 1, 2008). Retrieved on January 22, 2008. "Biden got 5 draft deferments during "Joe Biden Biography". 4Biden.com - Joe Nam, as did Cheney". Associated Press. Biden For President 2008. Newsday. http://www.newsday.com/ http://www.4biden.com/news/joe-bidenservices/newspaper/printedition/monday/ biography/. Retrieved on August 19, nation/ny2008. usbide015825262sep01,0,3140928.story. Krawczeniuk, Borys (August 24, 2008). Retrieved on January 25, 2009. "Remembering his roots". The Times[19] Romano, Lois (June 9, 1987). "Joe Biden Tribune. http://www.scrantontimes.com/ & the Politics of Belief" (fee required). articles/2008/08/24/news/ The Washington Post. sc_times_trib.20080824.a.pg1.tt24biden_s1.1896121_top4.txt. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/ Retrieved on January 21, 2009. washingtonpost/access/ 73826122.html?dids=73826122:73826122.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[20] Taylor, See How They Run, p. 96. [21] Leibovich, Mark (September 16, 2008). "Riding the Rails With Amtrak Joe". The New York Times. http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/ 2008/09/16/riding-the-rails-with-amtrakjoe/. Retrieved on September 17, 2008. [22] "Senator Joe Biden’s 2004 Keynote Speech". National Stuttering Association. August 26, 2008. http://www.nsastutter.org/newdetails/ index.php?id=212. Retrieved on September 7, 2008. [23] ^ Bumiller, Elisabeth (December 14, 2007). "Biden Campaigning With Ease After Hardships". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/14/us/ politics/14biden.html. Retrieved on September 13, 2008. [24] Biden, Promises to Keep (paperback), pp. 27–32. [25] ^ Doyle, Nancy Palmer (February 1, 2009). "Joe Biden: ’Everyone Calls Me Joe’". Washingtonian. http://www.washingtonian.com/articles/ people/11118.html. Retrieved on February 4, 2009. [26] "2008 Presidential Candidates: Joe Biden". The Washington Post. http://projects.washingtonpost.com/ 2008-presidential-candidates/joe-biden/. Retrieved on October 24, 2008. [27] Cohen, Celia (2002). Only in Delaware, Politics and Politicians in the First State. Grapevine Publishing. p. 199 [28] ^ Naylor, Brian (October 8, 2007). "Biden’s Road to Senate Took Tragic Turn". NPR. http://www.npr.org/ templates/story/ story.php?storyId=14999603. Retrieved on September 12, 2008. [29] Kipp, Rachel (September 4, 2008). "No DUI in crash that killed Biden’s 1st wife, but he’s implied otherwise". The News Journal. [30] ^ Levey, Noam M. (August 24, 2008). "In his home state, Biden is a regular Joe". Los Angeles Times. http://www.latimes.com/news/politics/lanabiden24-2008aug24,0,5581055,full.story. Retrieved on September 7, 2008. [31] Biden, Promises to Keep (paperback), p. 81. [32] Pride, Mike (December 1, 2007). "Biden a smart guy who has lived his family

Joe Biden

values". Concord Monitor. http://www.concordmonitor.com/apps/ pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071201/ OPINION/712010307&template=single. Retrieved on October 4, 2008. [33] "On Becoming Joe Biden". Morning Edition (NPR). August 1, 2007. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/ story.php?storyId=12389154. Retrieved on September 12, 2008. [34] ^ "Biden speaks – and speaks – his own mind". Associated Press. Las Vegas Sun. August 22, 2008. http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/2008/ aug/22/biden-speaks-_-and-speaks-_-hisown-mind/. Retrieved on September 7, 2008. [35] Cooper, Christopher (August 20, 2008). "Biden’s Foreign Policy Background Carries Growing Cachet". Wall Street Journal: p. A4. http://online.wsj.com/ article/ SB121919956426355701.html?mod=googlenews_ws Retrieved on August 23, 2008. [36] ^ Evans, Heidi (December 28, 2008). "From a blind date to second lady, Jill Biden’s coming into her own". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/news/ politics/2008/12/27/ 2008-12-27_from_a_blind_date_to_second_lady_jill_bi Retrieved on January 3, 2009. [37] ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. (August 24, 2008). "Jill Biden Heads Toward Life in the Spotlight". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/25/us/ politics/25wife.html. Retrieved on August 25, 2008. [38] Biden, Promises to Keep (paperback), p. 113. [39] Gibson, Ginger (August 25, 2008). "Parishioners not surprised to see Biden at usual Mass". The News Journal. [40] "Senate chamber desks: Desk XCI". United States Senate. http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/art/ special/Desks/deskDetails.cfm?id=91. Retrieved on January 8, 2009. [41] "Youngest Senator". United States Senate. http://www.senate.gov/ artandhistory/history/minute/ Youngest_Senator.htm. Retrieved on August 25, 2008. [42] "200 Faces for the Future". Time. July 15, 1974. http://www.time.com/time/ magazine/article/

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joe Biden

0,9171,879402-6,00.html. Retrieved on For Biden: Epoch of Belief, Epoch of August 23, 2008. Incredulity". The New York Times. [43] ^ Almanac of American Politics 2008, p. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ 366. fullpage.html?res=9B0DE4DF153BF93BA35753C1A9 [44] ^ Current Biography Yearbook 1987, p. [55] ^ Mayer, Jane; Abramson, Jill (1994). 44. Strange Justice: The Selling of Clarence [45] "Obama introduces Biden as running Thomas. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN mate". CNN. August 23, 2008. 0-395-633184-4. p. 213, 218, 336. http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/08/ [56] Greenburg, Jan Crawford (September 30, 23/biden.democrat.vp.candidate/. 2007). "Clarence Thomas: A Silent Retrieved on September 18, 2008. Justice Speaks Out: Part VI: Becoming a [46] ^ "Senator Joseph Biden (Democrat, Judge — and perhaps a Justice". ABC Delaware)". U.S. State Department. News. http://www.abcnews.go.com/ March 2001. http://usinfo.state.gov/ TheLaw/Story?id=3664944&page=4. journals/itps/0301/ijpe/pj61bios.htm. Retrieved on October 18, 2008. Retrieved on November 26, 2008. [57] ^ Phillips, Kate (August 23, 2008). [47] Altman, Lawrence, M.D. (February 23, "Biden and Anita Hill, Revisited". The 1998). "The Doctor’s World; Subtle Clues New York Times. Are Often The Only Warnings Of Perilous http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/ Aneurysms". The New York Times. 2008/08/23/biden-and-anita-hillhttp://query.nytimes.com/gst/ revisited/. Retrieved on September 12, fullpage.html?res=940DE5D91E38F930A15751C0A96E948260. 2008. Retrieved on August 23, 2008. [58] "United States v. Morrison, 529 U.S. 598 [48] ^ Altman, Lawrence, M.D. (October 19, (2000)". Cornell University. 2008). "Many Holes in Disclosure of http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/ Nominees’ Health". The New York Times. 99-5.ZS.html. Retrieved on August 23, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/20/us/ 2008. politics/20health.html. Retrieved on [59] Bash, Dana (October 11, 2000). "Senate October 26, 2008. votes to allow compensation for terror [49] Copeland, Libby (October 23, 2008). victims, re-authorizes Violence Against "Campaign Curriculum". The Washington Women Act". CNN. Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/ http://edition.cnn.com/2000/ wp-dyn/content/article/2008/10/22/ ALLPOLITICS/stories/10/11/ AR2008102203657.html. Retrieved on congress.terror/index.html. Retrieved on October 25, 2008. August 24, 2008. See also: "Deal [50] "Biden Resting After Surgery For Second Reached on Violence Against Women Brain Aneurysm". Associated Press. The Act". Fox News. December 16, 2005. New York Times. May 4, 1988. http://www.foxnews.com/story/ http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ 0,2933,179001,00.html. Retrieved on fullpage.html?res=940de5d81739f937a35756c0a96e948260. August 24, 2008. [51] "Senator Biden’s Committee Work". [60] "Domestic Violence". Biden senate Biden senate website. website. http://biden.senate.gov/issues/ http://biden.senate.gov/committee_work/. issue/?id=975b0cf4-ce25-42ccRetrieved on August 19, 2008. b63d-072fb81e8618. Retrieved on [52] Sloan, Stanley (October 1997). September 9, 2008. "Transatlantic relations: Stormy weather [61] Cates, Sheryl (May 5, 2004). "Making on the way to enlargement?". NATO connections to end Domestic Violence". Review. http://www.nato.int/docu/review/ Microsoft. http://www.microsoft.com/ 1997/9705-05.htm. Retrieved on August issues/essays/2004/05-05violence.mspx. 29, 2008. Retrieved on August 23, 2008. [53] ^ Bronner, Ethan (1989). Battle for [62] "History". National Domestic Violence Justice: How the Bork Nomination Shook Hotline. http://www.ndvh.org/tenth/ America. W. W. Norton. ISBN history.html. Retrieved on February 7, 0-393-02690-6. pp. 138–139, 214, 305. 2009. [54] ^ Greenhouse, Linda (October 8, 1987). [63] Almanac of American Politics 2000, p. "Washington Talk: The Bork Hearings; 372.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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[64] "Kids 2000 Program". Archived from the http://biden.senate.gov/press/ original on December 23, 2007. press_releases/release/ http://web.archive.org/web/ ?id=45438bed-1350-418d-8353-4781487eef9b. 20071223064751/ Retrieved on August 23, 2008. http://biden.senate.gov/newsroom/ [75] Henry, Ed (May 16, 2008). "Dems fire details.cfm?id=229820&&. Retrieved on back at Bush on ’appeasement’ August 23, 2008. statement". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/ [65] ^ Richter, Paul and Levey, Noam N. 2008/POLITICS/05/15/bush.dems/ (August 24, 2008). "On foreign policy, index.html. Retrieved on September 2, he’s willing to go his own way" (fee 2008. required). Los Angeles Times. [76] Biden senate website (September 23, http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/ 2005). Senate Approves $24.4 Million for access/ Guard, Dover Air Force Bases. Press 1538235491.html?dids=1538235491:1538235491&FMT=ABS. release. http://biden.creativengine.com/ Retrieved on September 22, 2008. press/press_releases/release/ [66] Salacuse, Jeswald W. (2005). Leading ?id=98f770c4-dc05-46e4-8c1d-09a3e379db76. Leaders: How to Manage Smart, Retrieved on September 16, 2008. Talented, Rich and Powerful People. [77] Broder, John M. (September 17, 2008). American Management Association. "Biden’s Record on Race Is Scuffed by 3 ISBN 0814408559. p. 144. Episodes". The New York Times. [67] "Democratic Presidential Candidates". http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/18/us/ The Iowa Caucus. politics/18biden.html. Retrieved on http://www.theiowacaucus.com/ November 2, 2008. Presidential-Candidate-Profiles.php. [78] "Faculty: Joseph R. Biden, Jr.". Widener Retrieved on August 23, 2008. University School of Law. [68] "Biden Renews Call for Release of Libyan http://law.widener.edu/Academics/ Political Prisoner". Archived from the Faculty/ProfilesDeAdj/ original on December 23, 2007. BidenJosephR.aspx. Retrieved on http://web.archive.org/web/ September 24, 2008. 20071223060256/ [79] ^ "Senator Biden becomes Vice http://biden.senate.gov/newsroom/ President-elect". Widener University details.cfm?id=255274. School of Law. 2008-11-06. [69] Clymer, Adam (January 13, 1991). http://law.widener.edu/NewsandEvents/ "Congress Acts to Authorize War in Articles/2008/ Gulf". The New York Times. de110508bidenvpelect.aspx. Retrieved http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ on 2008-11-26. fullpage.html?res=9D0CE3DD1738F930A25752C0A967958260. [80] Purchla, Matt (August 26, 2008). "For [70] Tim Russert (April 29, 2007). "MTP Widener Law students, a teacher aims Transcript for April 29, 2007". MSNBC. high". Metro Philadelphia. p. 2. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/ http://philly.metro.us/metro/local/article/ 18381961/page/2. For_Widener_Law_students_a_teacher_aims_high/ [71] Almanac of American Politics 2008, p. 13457.html. Retrieved on September 25, 365. 2008. [72] Thom Shanker (August 19, 2007). [81] Carey, Kathleen E. (August 27, 2008). "Divided They Stand, but on Graves". "For Widener Law students, a teacher The New York Times. aims high". Delaware County Daily http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/19/ Times. http://www.delcotimes.com/site/ weekinreview/19shanker.html. news.cfm?newsid=20094884&BRD=1675&PAG=461 [73] ^ Ned Parker and Raheem Salman Retrieved on September 25, 2008. (October 1, 2007). "U.S. vote unites [82] Bolton, Alexander (November 9, 2007). Iraqis in anger". Los Angeles Times. "Clinton tops 2008 rivals, gets $530M in http://articles.latimes.com/2007/oct/01/ earmarks". The Hill. http://thehill.com/ world/fg-iraq1. leading-the-news/clinton[74] "Biden: Iraqi Progress on Oil is tops-2008-rivals-gets-530m-inImportant Step, But More Needs to be earmarks-2007-11-09.htm. Retrieved on Done". Biden senate website. August 24, 2008.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joe Biden

[83] "Board of Advisors". Close Up article/0,8599,1835480,00.html. Foundation. http://www.closeup.org/ Retrieved on September 21, 2008. About/BoardofAdvisors.aspx. Retrieved [93] Smith, Ben (December 2, 2008). "Biden, on August 29, 2008. enemy of the prepared remarks". The [84] Wallsten, Peter (August 24, 2008). Politico. http://www.politico.com/blogs/ "Demographics part of calculation: Biden bensmith/1208/ adds experience, yes, but he could also Biden_enemy_of_the_prepared_remarks.html. help with Catholics, blue-collar whites Retrieved on December 2, 2008. and women" (fee required). Los Angeles [94] "Biden Wages 2 Campaigns At Once". Times. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/ Associated Press. August 24, 2008. latimes/access/ http://www.foxnews.com/wires/ 1538235711.html?dids=1538235711:1538235711&FMT=ABS. 2008Aug24/ Retrieved on August 25, 2008. 0,4670,CVNBidenTwoCampaigns,00.html. [85] "A look at Biden’s net worth". Associated Retrieved on August 29, 2008. Press. The Boston Globe. August 24, [95] Nuckols, Ben (November 4, 2008). 2008. http://www.boston.com/news/ "Biden wins 7th Senate term but may not education/higher/articles/2008/08/24/ serve". Associated Press. USA Today. a_look_at_bidens_net_worth/. Retrieved http://www.usatoday.com/news/politics/ on February 6, 2009. 2008-11-04-420465768_x.htm. Retrieved [86] Broder, John M. (September 13, 2008). on February 6, 2009. "Biden Releases Tax Returns, in Part to [96] ^ Gaudiano, Nicole (January 7, 2009). "A Pressure Rivals". The New York Times. bittersweet oath for Biden". The News http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/13/us/ Journal. http://www.delawareonline.com/ politics/13biden.html. Retrieved on apps/pbcs.dll/ September 13, 2008. article?AID=2009901070333. Retrieved [87] Mooney, Alexander (September 12, on February 7, 2009. 2008). "Biden tax returns revealed". [97] "Senate Releases $350 Billion in Bailout CNN. Funds to Obama". Fox News. January 15, http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2008/ 2009. http://www.foxnews.com/politics/ 09/12/biden-tax-returns-revealed/. 2009/01/15/senate-releases-b-bailoutRetrieved on September 13, 2008. funds-obama/. Retrieved on January 25, [88] "Transcripts". The Situation Room 2009. (CNN). January 12, 2006. [98] Becker, Bernie (January 15, 2009). http://transcripts.cnn.com/ "Biden and Clinton Say Goodbye to TRANSCRIPTS/0601/12/sitroom.01.html. Senate". The New York Times. Retrieved on September 21, 2008. http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/ [89] Tapper, Jake (January 31, 2007). "A 2009/01/15/biden-and-clinton-sayBiden Problem: Foot in Mouth". ABC goodbye-to-senate. Retrieved on January News. http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/ 25, 2009. Story?id=2838420. Retrieved on [99] ^ Milford, Phil (November 24, 2008). September 21, 2008. "Kaufman Picked by Governor to Fill [90] ^ Leibovich, Mark (2008-09-19). Biden Senate Seat (Update 3)". "Meanwhile, the Other No. 2 Keeps On Bloomberg News. Punching". The New York Times. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/ http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/20/us/ news?pid=20601087&sid=apZPaTS_UmpM&refer=h politics/20biden.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on November 24, 2008. 2008-09-20. [100] raushaar, Josh (November 24, 2008). K [91] Seelye, Katharine Q. (March 19, 1998). "Ted Kaufman to succeed Biden in "Senate Struggles to Pay Attention to the Senate". The Politico. Remapping of NATO". The New York http://www.politico.com/blogs/scorecard/ Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ 1108/ fullpage.html?res=950CE2D81E39F93AA25750C0A96E958260. Minner_appoints_Ted_Kaufman_to_Biden_seat.html. Retrieved on September 21, 2008. Retrieved on November 24, 2008. [92] ^ Halperin, Mark (August 23, 2008). [101] ayer, William (2004-03-28). "Kerry’s M "Halperin on Biden: Pros and Cons". Record Rings a Bell". The Washington Time. http://www.time.com/time/world/ Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/

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Joe Biden

ac2/wp-dyn/ [109] ermond, Jack; Witcover, Jules (1989). G A28761-2004Mar27?language=printer. Whose Broad Stripes and Bright Stars? Retrieved on 2008-08-24. "The question The Trivial Pursuit of the Presidency of how to measure a senator’s or 1988. Warner Books. ISBN representative’s ideology is one that 0-446-51424-1. p. 216 political scientists regularly need to [110]Sen. Biden not running for president". " answer. For more than 30 years, the CNN. 2003-08-12. http://www.cnn.com/ standard method for gauging ideology 2003/ALLPOLITICS/08/11/biden/. has been to use the annual ratings of Retrieved on 2008-09-18. lawmakers’ votes by various interest [111]McCain Urged to Join Kerry Ticket". " groups, notably the Americans for Reuters. MSNBC. May 16, 2004. Democratic Action (ADA) and the Archived from the original on American Conservative Union (ACU)." 2004-08-03. http://web.archive.org/web/ [102] iely, Kathy (2005-09-12). "Judging K 20040803085719/ Judge Roberts: A look at the Judiciary http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/ Committee". USA Today. 4961694/. http://www.usatoday.com/news/ [112] aker, Gerard (2004-10-29). "Kerry to B washington/judicial/ opt for the senator who copied Kinnock". 2005-09-11-judiciarycommitteeprofiles_x.htm. The Times. Retrieved on 2008-08-24. See also: http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/ "2008 U.S. Senate Votes". American world/article500363.ece. Retrieved on Conservative Union. 2008-08-24. http://www.acuratings.org/ [113] ionne Jr., E. J. (1987-06-10). "Biden D 2008senate.htm. Retrieved on Joins Campaign for the Presidency". The 2009-03-20. Lifetime rating is given. New York Times. [103]Biden’s Senate Vote Record". National " http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ Journal. August 23, 2008. fullpage.html?res=9B0DEFD91538F933A25755C0A9 http://www.nationaljournal.com/ [114] Toner, Robin (August 31, 1987). ^ conventions/co_20080823_9669.php. "Biden, Once the Field’s Hot Democrat, Retrieved on 2008-08-23. Is Being Overtaken by Cooler Rivals". [104] lmanac of American Politics 2008, p. A The New York Times. 363. In 2005, the ratings were E 73 26, S http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ 83 10, F 76 15; in 2006, E 87 0, S 73 26, fullpage.html?res=9B0DEFD6123AF932A0575BC0A9 F 65 34. [115] Taylor, See How They Run, p. 83. ^ [105]ACLU Congressional Scorecard". " [116]Lifelong ambition led Joe Biden to " American Civil Liberties Union. Senate, White House aspirations". Dallas http://action.aclu.org/site/ News. http://www.dallasnews.com/ VoteCenter?congress=110&repId=199&session_num=0&page=legScore. sharedcontent/dws/news/washington/ Retrieved on 2008-08-25. cleubsdorf/stories/ [106]Improving America’s Schools Act of " 082308dnpolbiden87profile.4d6e19b.html. 1994, SEC. 14510". US Department of Retrieved on 2008-08-25. Education. http://www.ed.gov/legislation/ [117] aylor, See How They Run, pp. 108–109. T ESEA/sec14510.html. Retrieved on [118] Cook, Rhodes (1989). "The Nominating ^ 2008-08-23. Process". in Nelson, Michael (ed.). The [107]Arctic Power - Arctic National Wildlife " Elections of 1988. Congressional Refuge - Presidential Candidates views Quarterly, Inc.. ISBN 0-87187-494-6. p. on ANWR, The Democrats". 46. http://www.anwr.org/Politics/ [119] owd, Maureen (September 12, 1987). D Presidential-Candidates-views-on-ANWR"Biden’s Debate Finale: An Echo From The-Democrats.php. Retrieved on Abroad". The New York Times. 2008-08-25. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ [108]A look at the environmental record of " fullpage.html?res=9B0DE1DD1531F931A2575AC0A9 Joe Biden, Barack Obama’s ...". Grist. [120] ermond and Witcover, Whose Broad G January 3, 2008. http://www.grist.org/ Stripes and Bright Stars?, pp. 230–231. feature/2007/08/29/biden_factsheet/. [121] "Media outlets reported allegations ^ Retrieved on 2008-05-04. Biden plagiarized Kinnock, but not that

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Joe Biden

he had previously credited him". Media [133]Biden Won’t Serve As Secretary of " Matters. 2008-08-23. State". Associated Press. San Francisco http://mediamatters.org/items/ Chronicle. 2007-11-29. 200808230003. Retrieved on http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/ 2008-08-28. article.cgi?file=/n/a/2007/11/29/politics/ [122] ionne Jr., E. J. (September 22, 1987). D p144018S01.DTL&type=printable. "Biden Admits Errors and Criticizes Retrieved on 2009-02-06. Latest Report". The New York Times. [134]Joe is Right". YouTube. " http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ http://www.youtube.com/ fullpage.html?res=9B0DE4D91F3CF931A1575AC0A961948260. watch?v=wbOa989IRYw. Retrieved on [123] omper, Gerald M. (1989). "The P 2008-08-23. Presidential Nominations". The Election [135]Transcript: The Democratic Debate". " of 1988. Chatham House Publishers. ABC News. 2007-08-19. ISBN 0-934540-77-4. p. 37. http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/ [124] aylor, See How They Run, pp. 86, 88. T Decision2008/ [125] aylor, See How They Run, pp. 88–89. T Story?id=3498294&page=1. Retrieved [126] ionne Jr., E. J. (September 24, 1987). D on 2008-09-24. "Biden Withdraws Bid for President in [136] arrell, Joelle. "’A noun, a verb and F Wake of Furor". The New York Times. 9/11’". Concord Monitor. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ http://www.concordmonitor.com/apps/ fullpage.html?res=9B0DE0DF173AF937A1575AC0A961948260. pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071101/ [127]Offers Briton His Talks `Without " NEWS01/711010358/1043/NEWS01. Attribution’ Biden Meets Kinnock, but Retrieved on 2008-08-23. He’s Not Speechless". Los Angeles [137] orowitz, Jason (2007-02-04). "Biden H Times. January 12, 1988. See also: Unbound: Lays Into Clinton, Obama, "Joseph Biden’s Plagiarism; Michael Edwards". The New York Observer. Dukakis’s ’Attack Video’ – 1988". The http://www.observer.com/node/36658. Washington Post. Several linguists and political analysts http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/ stated that the correct transcription politics/special/clinton/frenzy/biden.htm. includes a comma after the word Retrieved on 2008-08-19. "African-American", which "would [128]Professional Board Clears Biden In Two " significantly change the meaning (and Allegations of Plagiarism". Associated the degree of offensiveness) of Biden’s Press. The New York Times. May 29, comment". See Liberman, Mark 1989. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ (2007-02-01). "Language Log: Biden’s fullpage.html?res=950DE1DD1230F93AA15756C0A96F948260. Comma". Language Log. [129] alz, Dan (2007-01-01). "Biden Stumbles B http://itre.cis.upenn.edu/~myl/ at the Starting Gate". The Washington languagelog/archives/004131.html. Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/ [138] im, Christine; M.J. Stephey. "Top 10 L wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/31/ Campaign Gaffes". Time. AR2007013100404.html. Retrieved on http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/ 2008-08-23. top10/article/ [130] oppelman, Alex (2007-01-08). "The K 0,30583,1686204_1690170_1690790,00.html. "Best Biden" for President?". Salon. Retrieved on 2008-08-20. http://www.salon.com/politics/war_room/ [139] "Biden’s Comments Ruffle Feathers, ^ 2007/01/08/biden/. Retrieved on Senator Forced To Explain His Remarks 2008-08-23. About Indian-Americans". CBS News. [131] Themal, Harry F. (January 23, 2006). ^ 2006-07-07. http://www.cbsnews.com/ "Biden says he’s on track for 2008 run". stories/2006/07/07/politics/ The News Journal. main1785303.shtml. Retrieved on [132]A Candidate For Secretary Of State". " 2008-08-24. The New York Observer. June 12, 2007. [140] he Indian-American activist who was on T http://www.observer.com/2007/ the receiving end of Biden’s comment candidate-secretary-state. Retrieved on stated that he was "100 percent behind 2008-08-23. (Biden) because he did nothing wrong." See Distaso, John (2006-07-10). "Indian-

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joe Biden

American activist defends Sen. Biden". tenor of this week’s convention". The New Hampshire Union Leader. New Republic. http://tnr.com/politics/ http://www.unionleader.com/ story.html?id=2ecbd0b9-c2c4-44d7-824a-603b4a418 article.aspx?headline=IndianRetrieved on 2008-08-25. American+activist+defends+Sen.+Biden&articleId=0108a2f4-0530-4860-b010-5b076007bff6. [150]Scranton Bishop Says He will Refuse " Retrieved on 2008-02-01. Communion to Joseph Biden". [141]Conventions 2008: Sen. Joseph Biden " Lifesitenews.com. 2008-09-02. (D)". National Journal. 2008-08-25. http://www.lifesitenews.com/ldn/2008/ http://www.nationaljournal.com/ sep/08090212.html. Retrieved on conventions/co_20080825_3122.php. 2008-09-10. Retrieved on 2008-09-16. [151] Westen, John-Henry (2008-08-28). ^ [142]Iowa Democratic Party Caucus Results". " "Biden’s Bishop Will not Permit Him, Iowa Democratic Party. Even if Elected VP, to Speak at Catholic http://www.iowacaucusresults.com/. Schools". Catholic Exchange. Retrieved on 2008-08-29. http://www.catholicexchange.com/2008/ [143] urray, Shailagh (2008-01-04). "Biden, M 08/28/113619/. Retrieved on Dodd Withdraw From Race". The 2008-10-02. Washington Post. [152] irkpatrick, David (2008-09-16). K http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/ "Abortion Issue Again Dividing Catholic content/article/2008/01/04/ Votes". The New York Times. AR2008010400260.html. Retrieved on http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/17/us/ 2008-08-29. politics/ [144] Lizza, Ryan (2008-10-20). "Biden’s ^ 17catholics.html?bl&ex=1221883200&en=1e3acb51 Brief". The New Yorker. Retrieved on 2008-09-19. http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/ [153] irkpatrick, David D. (2008-10-04). "A K 2008/10/20/ Fight Among Catholics Over Which Party 081020fa_fact_lizza?currentPage=all. Best Reflects Church Teachings". The Retrieved on 2008-11-24. New York Times. [145]Biden: I’d say yes to being VP". CNN. " http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/05/us/ http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2008/ politics/05catholic.html. Retrieved on 06/23/biden-id-say-yes-to-being-vp/. 2008-10-05. Retrieved on 2008-08-23. [154] hillips, Kate (September 7, 2008). "As a P [146] ssociated Press (August 23, 2008). A Matter of Faith, Biden Says Life Begins "Obama’s veep message to supporters". at Conception". The New York Times. Washington Post. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/08/us/ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/ politics/08campaign.html?ref=us. content/article/2008/08/23/ Retrieved on 2008-08-07. AR2008082300455.html?hpid%3Dtopnews&sub=AR. [155] apper, Jake (2008-09-14). "Joe Who?". T Retrieved on 2008-08-23. "Text message ABC News. http://blogs.abcnews.com/ is out and it’s official". politicalpunch/2008/09/joe-who.html. http://my.barackobama.com/page/ Retrieved on 2008-09-15. community/post/samgrahamfelsen/ [156]urkowitz, Mark (2008-09-14). "Northern J gG5sB7. Exposure Still Dominates the News". [147]Welcome the Next Vice President". " Pew Research Center. BarackObama.com. http://www.journalism.org/node/12800. http://my.barackobama.com/page/s/ Retrieved on 2008-11-24. welcomejoe. Retrieved on 2008-08-24. [157]Senate Passes Economic Rescue " [148] agourney, Adam; Jeff Zeleny (August N Package". NY1 News. 2008-10-01. 23, 2008). "Obama Chooses Biden as http://www.ny1.com/content/features/ Running Mate". The New York Times. 86538/senate-passes-economic-rescuehttp://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/24/us/ package/Default.aspx. Retrieved on politics/24biden.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-02. 2008-08-23. [158]Debate poll says Biden won, Palin beat " [149] ionne, E.J. (August 25, 2008). "Tramps D expectations". Turner Broadcasting Like Us: How Joe Biden will reassure System, Inc.. http://www.cnn.com/2008/ working class voters and change the POLITICS/10/03/debate.poll/

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?iref=hpmostpop. Retrieved on 2008-10-04. [159]CBS Poll: Uncommitted Voters Say " Biden Won". CBS Interactive Inc.. http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/10/ 03/debate.poll/?iref=hpmostpop. Retrieved on 2008-10-04. [160]Who Won VP Debate: A Review of Polls " with October 3 pm update". Kansascity.com. http://voices.kansascity.com/node/2299. Retrieved on 2008-10-04. [161] arquardt, Alexander (2008-10-05). M "Biden’s mother-in-law dies". CNN. http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2008/ 10/05/bidens-mother-in-law-dies/. [162] Broder, John M. (2008-10-30). "Hitting ^ the Backroads, and Having Less to Say". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/31/us/ politics/31biden.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-31. [163] Tumulty, Karen (2008-10-29). "Hidin’ ^ Biden: Reining In a Voluble No. 2". Time. http://www.time.com/time/politics/ article/0,8599,1854640,00.html?imw=Y. Retrieved on 2008-11-01. [164] McGrane, Victoria (2008-11-03). ^ "Where have you gone, Joe Biden?". The Politico. http://www.politico.com/news/ stories/1108/15205.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-03. [165]Biden reliable running mater despite " gaffes". Associated Press. Asbury Park Press. 2008-10-26. [166]Barack Obama wins presidential " election". CNN. 2008-11-04. http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/11/ 04/election.president/index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-05. [167] ranke-Ruta, Garance (2008-11-19). F "McCain Takes Missouri". The Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/thetrail/2008/11/19/ mccain_takes_missouri.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-19. [168]President – Election Center 2008". " CNN. http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/ 2008/results/president/. Retrieved on 2008-11-19. [169]Think you know your election trivia?". " CNN. 2008-11-03. http://www.cnn.com/ 2008/POLITICS/11/03/election.trivia/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-09.

Joe Biden
[170] audiano, Nicole (2008-11-06). "VP’s G home awaits if Biden chooses". The News Journal. http://www.delawareonline.com/ article/20081106/NEWS02/811060379. Retrieved on 2008-11-08. [171] eller, Ben (2009-01-20). "In culminating F moment, Biden is vice president". Associated Press. The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/ content/article/2009/01/20/ AR2009012000242.html. Retrieved on 2009-01-30. [172] arquardt, Alexander (2008-11-06). M "Biden talks transition, says McCain’s ’still my friend’". CNN. http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2008/ 11/06/biden-talks-transition-saysmccains-still-my-friend/. Retrieved on 2008-11-06. [173]’Secret’ Obama code name revealed". " BBC News. 2008-11-13. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/ us_elections_2008/7726453.stm. Retrieved on 2008-11-17. [174]Biden picks former Gore aide as chief of " staff". Reuters. 2008-11-13. http://www.reuters.com/article/newsOne/ idUSTRE4AC5EA20081113. Retrieved on 2008-11-13. [175] alderone, Michael (2008-12-15). C "Report: Carney joins Biden team". The Politico. http://www.politico.com/blogs/ michaelcalderone/1208/ Report_Carney_joins_Biden_team.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-15. [176] ee, Carol E. (2008-12-14). "Biden to L shrink VP role — big time". The Politico. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/ 1208/16558.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-23. [177] "Biden says he’ll be different vice ^ president". CNN. 2008-12-22. http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/12/ 22/biden.lkl/index.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-22. [178] ornick, Ed and Levs, Josh (2008-12-21). H "What Obama promised Biden". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/12/ 21/transition.wrap/index.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-23. [179] ee, Carol E. (2009-01-06). "’Senator’ L Biden’s trip raises concerns". The Politico. http://www.politico.com/news/ stories/0109/17136.html. Retrieved on 2009-01-09.

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Joe Biden

[180] Leibovich, Mark (2009-03-28). ^ ?id=dca94360-b4ac-4bed-a41e"Speaking Freely, Biden Finds Influential b7c27f42b4a1. Retrieved on 2008-11-26. Role". The New York Times. [190]Pakistan gives awards to Biden, Lugar " http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/29/us/ for support". Reuters. 2008-10-28. politics/29biden.html. Retrieved on http://www.reuters.com/article/ 2009-03-31. politicsNews/idUSTRE49R5I120081028. [181]Honorary Degree Recipients". " Retrieved on 2008-11-26. University of Scranton. 2008. [191]Biden ends Balkans tour, heads to " http://matrix.scranton.edu/about/ Lebanon". Agence France-Presse. ab_degree_recipients.shtml. Retrieved on 2009-05-22. http://www.google.com/ 2008-11-26. hostednews/afp/article/ [182]Honorary Degree Recipients" (PDF). " ALeqM5jtMFK8wLcamElXQlmEBh0CEBE9dQ. Saint Joseph’s University. Retrieved on 2009-05-23. http://www.sju.edu/ir/documents/ [192]Hall of Fame". Delaware Volunteer " HonDegreeRecip_IR2008.pdf. Retrieved Firemen’s Association. on 2008-08-19. http://www.dvfassn.com/ [183]Senator Biden to Address 123rd " awards.cfm?id=2. Retrieved on Commencement Rites On May 19". 2008-09-16. Emerson College. May 2003. http://www.emerson.edu/emersontoday/ index.cfm?action=3&articleID=782&editionID=52. Retrieved on 2008-11-26. [184]Honorary Degree Citation for Joseph R. " Biden Jr.". University of Delaware. 2004-05-29. http://www.udel.edu/PR/ UDaily/2004/biden052904.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-06. [185]Commencements". The Boston Globe. " 2005-05-23. http://www.boston.com/ news/education/higher/articles/2005/05/ 23/commencements_boston_globe/. Biden and Obama in Springfield, Illinois after Retrieved on 2008-11-26. Biden’s formal introduction as the running [186]Biden to grads: You have chance to " mate shape history". Associated Press. 2009-05-10. http://www.google.com/ Books referenced hostednews/ap/article/ • Barone, ALeqM5jlYnobzaV2NlzsdJ03OWJqJtDDjAD983FM980. Michael; Cohen, Richard E. (2008). The Almanac of American Politics. Retrieved on 2009-05-11. Washington: National Journal Group. [187] Kates, William (2009-05-10). "Biden ^ ISBN 0-89234-116-0. tells Syracuse University graduates they • Moritz, Charles (ed.) (1987). Current have special opportunity to help shape Biography Yearbook 1987. New York: H. history". Newsday. W. Wilson Company. http://www.newsday.com/news/politics/ wire/sns-ap-us-bidencommencement,0,5937836.story. Retrieved on 2009-05-11. • Official White House biography [188]Five SU alumni to be honored with " • Official Senate campaign website Arents Awards". Syracuse University. • Official Vice Presidential campaign 2005-05-25. http://sunews.syr.edu/ website story_details.cfm?id=2601. Retrieved on • Biography at the Biographical Directory of 2008-11-26. the United States Congress [189] .S. Senate (2008-08-12). Biden U • Voting record maintained by The Honored for Making a Difference for Washington Post Working Families. Press release. • Campaign finance reports and data at the http://biden.senate.gov/press/ Federal Election Commission press_releases/release/

External links

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Campaign contributions at OpenSecrets.org • Biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart • Issue positions and quotes at On The Issues • Staff salaries, trips and personal finance at LegiStorm.com • Current Bills Sponsored at StateSurge.com • Congressional profile at GovTrack.us • Joe Biden at the Open Directory Project • Works by or about Joe Biden in libraries (WorldCat catalog) Persondata NAME ALTERNATIVE NAMES SHORT DESCRIPTION DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH DATE OF DEATH PLACE OF DEATH Politician 1942-11-20 Scranton, Pennsylvania Biden, Joe

Joe Biden

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
United States Senate Preceded by Caleb Boggs United States Senator (Class 2) from Delaware 1973 – 2009
Served alongside: William Roth, Thomas Carper

Joe Biden

Succeeded by Ted Kaufman

Preceded by Strom Thurmond
(R-South Carolina)

Chairman of the Senate Commit- Succeeded by Orrin Hatch tee on the Judiciary 1987 – 1995 (R-Utah) Chairman of the Senate Commit- Succeeded by Jesse Helms tee on Foreign Relations 2001 (R-North Carolina) Chairman of the Senate Commit- Succeeded by Richard Lugar tee on Foreign Relations 2001 – 2003 (R-Indiana) Chairman of the Senate Commit- Succeeded by John Kerry tee on Foreign Relations 2007 – 2009 (D-Massachusetts) Chairman of the International Narcotics Control Caucus 2007 – 2009 Vice President of the United States January 20, 2009 – present Succeeded by Diane Feinstein
(D-California)

Preceded by Jesse Helms
(R-North Carolina)

Preceded by Jesse Helms
(R-North Carolina)

Preceded by Richard Lugar
(R-Indiana)

Preceded by Chuck Grassley
(R-Iowa)

Political offices Preceded by Dick Cheney Party political offices Preceded by James Tunnell Succeeded by Democratic Party nominee for Most recent United States Senator from Delaware (Class 2) 1972, 1978, 1984, 1990, 1996, 2002, 2008 Democratic Party Vice Presidential candidate 2008 United States order of precedence Vice President of the United States With Jill Biden
Second Lady

Succeeded by Incumbent

Preceded by John Edwards

Succeeded by Most recent

Order of precedence in the United States of America Preceded by The President and First Lady Succeeded by Governor (while in his or her state) Next fixed: Nancy Pelosi
Speaker of the House of Representatives

Preceded by None

United States presidential line of Succeeded by Nancy Pelosi succession 1st in line Speaker of the House of
Representatives

Honorary titles Preceded by John Tunney Baby of the United States Senate Succeeded by 1973 – 1979 Bill Bradley

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joe Biden

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Biden" Categories: 1942 births, Living people, Joe Biden, American legal academics, American Roman Catholic politicians, Delaware Democrats, Delaware Fighting Blue Hens football players, Delaware lawyers, English Americans, Irish-American politicians, People from New Castle County, Delaware, People from Scranton, Pennsylvania, People from Wilmington, Delaware, Social Progressives, Syracuse University alumni, United States presidential candidates, 1988, United States presidential candidates, 2008, United States Senators from Delaware, University of Delaware alumni, Vice Presidents of the United States, Widener University faculty This page was last modified on 25 May 2009, at 17:30 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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