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Joe Frazier

Joe Frazier
Joe Frazier

Statistics Real name Nickname(s) Rated at Height Nationality Birth date Birth place Stance Boxing record Total fights Wins Wins by KO Losses Draws No contests 37 32 27 4 1 0 Joseph William Frazier "Smokin’ Joe" Heavyweight 5 ft 11.5 in (1.82 m) American January 12, 1944 (1944-01-12) Beaufort, South Carolina Orthodox

active mostly from the later 1960s to the mid 1970s. Frazier was a popular champion, reprising himself in cameo roles in several Hollywood films, and professionally is perhaps most famous for his trilogy of Heavyweight Championship fights with Muhammad Ali. Frazier had a bullying fighting style, depending on bobbing, weaving and power punching. He is perhaps most famous for his vicious left hooks. Compared to Ali’s style, he was close enough to the ideal bruiser that some in the press and media characterized the bouts as the answer to the classic question: "What happens when a boxer meets with a brawler." It should also be noted that according to Joe in the HBO special documenting "The Thrilla in Manilla" fight, he was partially blind in his left eye due to a training accident in 1965. This would indicate that throughout his entire professional career, he fought with only partial sight on his left side.

Life and career
Early professional career
After Frazier won the Olympic heavyweight gold medal, Durham helped put together Cloverlay, a group of local businessmen who invested in Frazier’s professional career and allowed him to train full-time. Durham was Frazier’s chief trainer and manager until Durham’s death in August 1973. Frazier turned professional in 1965, defeating Woody Goss by a technical knockout in the first round. He won three more fights that year, all by knockout, none going past the third round. In 1966, as Frazier’s career was taking off, Durham contacted Los Angeles trainer Eddie Futch. The two men had never met, but Durham had heard of Futch through the latter’s reputation as one of the most respected trainers in boxing. Frazier was sent to Los Angeles to train, before Futch agreed to join Durham as an assistant trainer. With Futch’s assistance, Durham arranged three fights in Los Angeles against Al Jones,

Olympic medal record Boxing Gold 1964 Tokyo Heavyweight

Joseph William Frazier, known as Smokin’ Joe, (born January 12, 1944 in Beaufort, South Carolina) is a former Olympic (1964) and World Heavyweight Boxing Champion,

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veteran contender Eddie Machen, and George "Scrapiron" Johnson. Frazier knocked out Jones and Machen, but went 10 rounds with Johnson to win a unanimous decision. After the Johnson match, Futch became a full-fledged member of the Frazier camp as an assistant trainer and strategist, who also advised Durham on matchmaking. It was Futch who suggested that Frazier boycott the 1967 WBA heavyweight elimination tournament to find a successor to Muhammad Ali, after the heavyweight champion was stripped of his title for refusing to be inducted into the military, although Frazier was the top-ranked contender at the time. Futch proved invaluable to Frazier as an assistant trainer, helping modify his style. Under his tutelage, Frazier adopted the boband-weave defensive style, making him more difficult for taller opponents to punch, while also giving Frazier more power with his own punches. While Futch remained based in Los Angeles, where he worked as a supervisor with the U.S. Postal Service, he was flown to Philadelphia to work with Frazier during the final preparations for all of his fights. When Durham died in 1973, Futch was asked to succeed him as Frazier’s head trainer and manager. In fact, Futch was also training heavyweight contender Ken Norton at the time. He was in Norton’s corner in March 1973, when Norton broke Ali’s jaw and won a split decision. After Norton lost the rematch to Ali in September 1973, Norton’s managers, Robert Biron and Aaron Rivkind, demanded that Futch choose between training Frazier and Norton. Futch chose Frazier, but not without regret at being forced to make the choice.

Joe Frazier
State Athletic Commission held a bout between Frazier and Buster Mathis, with the winner to be recognized as "World Champion" by the state of New York. Although the fight was not recognized as a World Championship bout by some, Frazier won by a knockout in the 11th round and staked a claim to the heavyweight championship. He then defended his title by beating Manuel Ramos of Mexico in two rounds, and closed 1968 by beating Bonavena via a 15-round decision in a hard-fought rematch. 1969 saw Frazier defend his New York title in Texas, beating Dave Zyglewicz by a first-round knockout, and beating Jerry Quarry by TKO in the seventh round. The competitive, exciting match with Quarry was named 1969 Ring Magazine fight of the year.

Early 1970s: defeats Ali; destroyed by Foreman
On February 16, 1970, Frazier became the undisputed world champion when he defeated WBA champion Jimmy Ellis at Madison Square Garden by a fifth-round knock-out. Ellis had beaten Jerry Quarry in the final bout of a WBA elimination tournament for Ali’s vacated belt, but Frazier had declined to participate. In his first title defence, Frazier travelled to Detroit to fight world light-heavyweight champion Bob Foster, who had set a record for the number of defences in the light-heavyweight division. Frazier (26-0) retained his title by knock-out in two rounds. Then came what was quickly dubbed the Fight Of The Century, his first fight with Ali. This would be the first meeting of two undefeated heavyweight champions, since Ali (31-0) had not lost his title in the ring, but rather been stripped because of his refusal to be inducted in the Armed Forces. On March 8, 1971, at Madison Square Garden, Frazier and Ali met in the first of their three bouts which was widely called the Fight of the Century in pre-bout publicity and the press feeding frenzy. With a worldwide television audience, and an in-house audience that included luminaries such as Frank Sinatra (as a photographer for Life magazine to get a ringside seat), comedian Woody Allen, singer Diana Ross, and actors Dustin Hoffman and Burt Lancaster (who served as "color commentator" with fight announcer Don Dunphy), the two undefeated

Late 1960s: making his presence known
In 1966, Frazier won a decision over Argentine fighter Oscar Bonavena, despite Bonavena flooring him twice in the second round (a third knockdown in that round would have ended the fight). In 1967, Frazier won all four of his fights, including a sixth-round knockout of Doug Jones and a fourth-round technical knockout (TKO) of George Chuvalo. In 1967, Muhammad Ali was stripped of his world heavyweight title due to his refusal to be inducted into the military during the Vietnam War. To fill the vacancy, the New York

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heavyweights met in the kind of media-frenzied atmosphere not seen since Joe Louis’ youth. Many factors came together for Frazier in this fight. He was 27 years old and at his lifetime peak both physically and mentally, while Ali, 29, was coming back from a three-year absence, taking on Frazier soon after a bruising battle with Oscar Bonavena, whom Ali had defeated by a TKO in 15. Frazier had exhaustively trained specifically for Ali under the tutelage of famed coach Eddie Futch, who had developed a strategy based on Ali’s tendency to throw the right-hand uppercut from a straight standing position after dropping the hand in preparation to throw it with force. Futch instructed Frazier to watch Ali’s right hand and, at the moment Ali dropped it, to throw a left hook at the spot where they knew Ali’s face would be a second later.[1] [2] Frazier’s staggering of Ali in the 11th round and his knock-down of Ali in the 15th were both executed precisely in this way. Frazier lost a number of early rounds but took Ali’s combinations without backing down. As Ali started to slow in the middle rounds, Frazier came on strong, landing hard shots to the body as well as the powerful left hooks to the head by virtue of Futch’s instructions. Consequently, Frazier won a clear, 15-round, unanimous decision. Ali was taken to the hospital immediately after the fight to have his badly swollen jaw x-rayed, and Frazier spent time in the hospital during the ensuing week. In 1972, Frazier successfully defended the title twice, beating Terry Daniels and Ron Stander, both by knockout, in the fourth and fifth rounds respectively. It was Frazier’s turn to lose his undefeated record of 29-0 and position as undisputed world champion at the hands of powerful puncher George Foreman on January 22, 1973, in Kingston, Jamaica. Foreman towered over the shorter, more compact Champ, and soon dominated the brief bout. The fight was stopped in the second round after Frazier was knocked down for the sixth time, three times in each round (the three knock-down rule was not in effect). The first of these knock-downs prompted Howard Cosell’s famous call, "Down goes Frazier! Down goes Frazier! Down goes Frazier!" After his loss to Foreman, now 38-0, Frazier won his next fight, a 12-round decision

Joe Frazier
over Joe Bugner in London to begin his quest to regain the title.

Mid 1970s: another title shot; ensuing decline
See also: Ali-Frazier II and Thrilla in Manila Frazier’s second fight against Ali took place in 1974, in New York, with Ali winning a 12-round unanimous decision. Frazier finished that year with another rematch, knocking out Jerry Quarry in five rounds. 1975 was, once again, a year of rematches for Frazier, but this time they involved more overseas travel. He met Jimmy Ellis, the man from whom he had originally taken the WBA title, in Melbourne, Australia, knocking him out in nine rounds. That win made him once again the number-one challenger for the world crown, now held by Ali after an eighthround knockout of George Foreman in the famous "The Rumble in the Jungle." Ali and Frazier met for the third and final time in Quezon City (a district within the metropolitan area of Manila), the Philippines: the "Thrilla in Manila." Ali took every opportunity to mock Frazier, again calling him The Gorilla, and generally trying to irritate him (and succeeding) at every chance. The fight for Ali’s title, which was attended by Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos, caused another media frenzy and was seen live around the world. It was far more action-filled than the previous encounter (there was no belt at stake in the second fight), and was a punishing display that ended when Eddie Futch stopped the fight before the 15th and final round with Frazier sitting on his stool. Frazier never spoke with Futch again.[3] For his part, Ali described the match as "the closest thing to death" he had ever experienced. In 1976, Frazier (32-3) fought and again lost to George Foreman, this time by fifthround knockout, and retired. Frazier made a cameo appearance in the movie Rocky later in 1976 and dedicated himself to training local boxers in Philadelphia, where he grew up, including some of his own children.

1980s: one fight comeback; trainer and coach
In 1981, Frazier attempted a comeback that lasted only one fight, drawing in 10 rounds

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with Floyd "Jumbo" Cummings in Chicago, Illinois. He then retired for good. Since then, Frazier has involved himself in various endeavors. Among his sons who turned to boxing as a career, he helped train Marvis Frazier, a challenger for Larry Holmes’s world heavyweight title, and trains his daughter, Jackie Frazier-Lyde. Frazier’s overall record is 32 wins, 4 losses and 1 draw, with 27 wins by knockout. He won 73 percent of his fights by knockout, compared to 60 percent for Ali and 84 percent for Foreman. He is a member of the International Boxing Hall Of Fame. In 1986, Frazier appeared as the "corner man" for Mr. T against Roddy Piper at WrestleMania II at Madison Square Garden. In 1989, Frazier joined Ali, Foreman, Norton and Holmes for the tribute special Champions Forever.

Joe Frazier
attempted a reconciliation, but as of October 2006 Frazier still claimed to have won all three bouts between the two (officially, Frazier won the first by unanimous decision, lost the second by unanimous decision, and lost the third by TKO). He declared to a Times reporter, when questioned about his bitterness toward Ali, "I am what I am." Today much of his time is devoted to working with the Smokin’ Joe Frazier Foundation.

Professional boxing record Relationship with Muhammad Ali
While Ali’s characteristic taunts of his opponent began typically enough, after regaining his title, his taunts of Smokin’ Joe eventually turned mean-spirited and racist. Joe was painted by Ali as the white man’s hope and as an "Uncle Tom" interjecting an element of racism into an already contentious and controversial series of great bouts. (The early controversy was whether Ali should be allowed to fight at all.) It should also be noted that Joe Frazier petitioned President Nixon to have Ali’s right to box reinstated setting up the whole series of matches.[6]. Frazier also boycotted the 1967 WBA heavyweight elimination tournament to find a successor to Muhammad Ali, when the champion was stripped of the title.

1990s to present
Frazier lives in Philadelphia where he owns and manages a boxing gym. He has diabetes and high blood pressure. He and his nemesis, Muhammad Ali, have alternated over the years between public apologies and public insults.[4] Frazier appeared as himself in an episode of The Simpsons ("Brother, Can You Spare Two Dimes?") in 1992, in which he would be beaten up by Barney Gumble. Frazier objected and was instead shown beating up Gumble. He appeared in another episode of The Simpsons ("Homer’s Paternity Coot") in 2006. In February 2006, Frazier appeared in Fight Night Round 2 and 3, a game made by EA Sports. Frazier’s autobiography is titled Smokin’ Joe and he was widely criticised by Ali fans for relating many of Ali’s actions that he considered offensive. Some feel that Frazier has hurt himself with his unrelenting bitterness toward Ali. In 1996, when Ali lit the Olympic flame in Atlanta, Frazier told a reporter that he would like to throw Ali into the fire.[5] Mismanagement of real-estate holdings was cited by the article as a partial explanation for Frazier’s economic woes despite earning millions of dollars in the ring during the 1970s. Frazier is still training young fighters, although he needed multiple operations for back injuries sustained in a car accident. It has been reported that he and Ali recently

Trivia
• Joe Frazier was the first American boxer to win both the Olympic gold medal and the professional world title in the heavyweight division. • He had a band called "Joe Frazier & the Knockouts" that released songs in the "soul" genre. • In the 1990s, he trained award winning artist Richard T. Slone to box. • He has operated a boxing gym in North Philadelphia since the late 1960s, used by fighters such as Michael Spinks, Meldrick Taylor, his son Marvis Frazier, and Bernard Hopkins. • He is the father of 11 children.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joe Frazier

32 Wins (27 knockouts, 5 decisions), 4 Losses (3 knockouts, 1 decision), 1 Draw[1] Res. Record Opponent Draw 32-4-1 Floyd Cummings George Foreman Type Draw Rd., Date Time 10 Location Notes Scoring was 46-45 Cummings, 47-47 and 46-46. Bout was for the NABF Heavyweight title.

1981-12-03 Chicago, Illinois

Loss 32-4

TKO

5 1976-06-15 Uniondale, (12), NY 2:26

Loss 32-3

Muhammad TKO Ali

15 1975-10-01 Quezon City, "The Thrilla in (15), Philippines ManilaFight stop0:00 page". Bout was for the WBA and WBC Heavyweight titles. 9 1975-03-02 Melbourne, (12), Australia 0:59 5 (10) 1974-06-17 New York City, NY 1974-01-28 New York City, NY 1973-07-02 London, England Lost WBA and WBC Heavyweight titles. Retained WBA and WBC Heavyweight titles. Retained WBA and WBC Heavyweight titles. "The Fight of the Century". Retained WBA and WBC Heavyweight titles, and also became universally recognized as champion. Retained WBA and WBC Heavyweight titles. Won WBA and vacant WBC Heavyweight titles. Bout was for NABF Heavyweight title.

Win

32-2

Jimmy Ellis TKO

Win

31-2

Jerry Quarry

TKO

Loss 30-2 Win 30-1

Muhammad Decision 12 Ali (unanimous) Joe Bugner Decision 12 (unanimous) George Foreman Ron Stander Terry Daniels TKO

Loss 29-1

2 1973-01-22 Kingston, (15), Jamaica 2:26 5 (15) 4 (15) 1972-05-25 Omaha, NE

Win

29-0

TKO

Win

28-0

TKO

1972-01-15 New Orleans, LA 1971-03-08 New York City, NY

Win

27-0

Muhammad Decision 15 Ali (unanimous)

Win

26-0

Bob Foster KO

2 1970-11-18 Detroit, MI (15), 0:49 5 (15) 1970-02-16 New York City, NY

Win

25-0

Jimmy Ellis TKO

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Win 24-0 Jerry Quarry Dave Zyglewicz Oscar Bonavena Manuel Ramos Buster Mathis TKO 7 1969-06-23 New York (15), City, NY 3:00 1 (15)

Joe Frazier
Retained NYSAC Heavyweight title.

Win Win Win Win

23-0 22-0 21-0 20-0

KO

1969-04-22 Houston, TX Retained NYSAC Heavyweight title. 1968-12-10 Philadelphia, Retained NYSAC PA Heavyweight title. 1968-06-24 New York City, NY Retained NYSAC Heavyweight title. Becomes World Heavyweight Champion, as recognized by the New York State Athletic Commission.

Decision 15 (unanimous) TKO TKO 2 (15)

11 1968-03-04 New York (15), City, NY 2:33

Win

19-0

Marion Connor

TKO

3 1967-12-18 Boston, MA (10), 1:40 2 1967-10-17 Philadelphia, (10), PA 1:04 4 1967-07-19 New York (10), City, NY 0:16 1967-05-04 Los Angeles, CA 1967-04-11 Miami Beach, FL

Win

18-0

Tony Doyle TKO

Win

17-0

George Chuvalo George Johnson Jefferson Davis

TKO

Win Win Win

16-0 15-0 14-0

Decision 10 (unanimous) KO 5 (10)

Doug Jones KO

6 1967-02-21 Philadelphia, (10), PA 2:21 10 1966-11-21 Los Angeles, (10), CA 0:22 10 1966-09-21 New York City, NY

Win

13-0

Eddie Machen Oscar Bonavena Billy Daniels Al Jones

TKO

Win Win

12-0 11-0

Decision (split) TKO

6 1966-07-25 Philadelphia, (10), PA 3:00 1 1966-05-26 Los Angeles, (10), CA 2:33 3 1966-05-19 Los Angeles, (10), CA 2:47 3 1966-04-28 Pittsburgh, (10), PA 1:09

Win

10-0

KO

Win

9-0

Chuck Leslie Don Smith

KO

Win

8-0

KO

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Win 7-0 Charley Polite TKO 2 1966-04-04 Philadelphia, (10), PA 0:55 5 (8), 1966-03-04 New York 2:58 City, NY 1 (8), 1966-01-17 Philadelphia, 1:41 PA 1 (8), 1965-11-11 Philadelphia, 2:38 PA 2 1965-09-28 Philadelphia, PA

Joe Frazier

Win Win Win Win Win Win

6-0 5-0 4-0 3-0 2-0 1-0

Dick TKO Wipperman Mel Turnbow Abe Davis KO KO

Ray Staples KO Mike Bruce TKO Woody Goss TKO

3 (6) 1965-09-20 Philadelphia, PA 1 (6), 1965-08-16 Philadelphia, 1:42 PA [2] The Men Who Could Beat Ali [3] During an interview on The Howard Stern Show (1/18/07) [4] Joe.html [5] October 18, 2006 New York Times article on Frazier [6] See Muhammad Ali [7] "Full cast and crew for Ali". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc.. 2001. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0248667/ fullcredits#cast. Retrieved on 2008-10-15. [8] "Big Interview: Joe Frazier". http://www.guardian.co.uk/sport/2008/ nov/11/sportinterviews-boxing. Retrieved on 11 November 2008. [9] "What I’ve Learned: Joe Frazier". http://www.esquire.com/features/whative-learned/wil0104frazier. Retrieved on 17 February 2007. [10] "Joe Frazier Action Figure". http://www.mgmstore.com/cat/Rocky/ Figures/Rocky-III-Joe-Frazier-ActionFigure.html. Retrieved on March 2007. [11] "Jakks Pacific Philadelphia Media Preview For Rocky". http://toynewsi.com/ news.php?catid=137&itemid=10182. Retrieved on 8 September 2006.

• Frazier was played in the 2001 film Ali by boxer/actor James Toney.[7] • Some of the most memorable moments in the 1976 boxing-themed feature film, Rocky - such as Rocky’s carcass-punching scenes and Rocky running up the steps of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, as part of his training regime - are taken from Joe’s real-life exploits, for which he received no credit. [8] "But he never paid me for none of my past. I only got paid for a walkon part. Rocky is a sad story for me." • Joe had his Olympic gold medal cut up into eleven separate pieces to divide it between his eleven children.[9] • In March, 2007, a Joe Frazier action figure was released as part of a range of toys based on the Rocky film franchise, developed by the American toy manufacturer, Jakks Pacific. [10] [11]

See also
• Frazier’s portrayal in the film Ali (2001); directed by Michael Mann. • List of heavyweight boxing champions • List of WBA world champions • List of WBC world champions • Notable boxing families • Ring Magazine’s list of the 80 Best Fighters of the Last 80 Years

External links
• Official Website • Dispute hits sour note with residents, Bucks County Courier Times • Fire Still Burns Inside Smokin’ Joe Frazier, New York Times

References
[1] Article about Ali-Frazier match of 1971.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Preceded by Jimmy Ellis Preceded by Dick Tiger (1965) Preceded by José Nápoles Preceded by Dick Tiger W10 Frank DePaula (1968-10-25) Preceded by Carlos Monzón KO12 Nino Benvenuti (November 7, 1970) Preceded by Bob Foster KO14 Chris Finnegan (September 26, 1972) World Heavyweight Champion 1970-02-16 – 1973-01-22 Ring Magazine Fighter of the Year 1967 Ring Magazine Fighter of the Year 1970 and 1971 Ring Magazine Fight of the Year 1969 – TKO7 Jerry Quarry (June 23)

Joe Frazier
Succeeded by George Foreman Succeeded by Nino Benvenuti Succeeded by Muhammad Ali and Carlos Monzón Succeeded by Carlos Monzón KO12 Nino Benvenuti (1970-11-07) Succeeded by Bob Foster KO14 Chris Finnegan (1972-09-26) Succeeded by Muhammad Ali KO8 George Foreman (1974-10-30) Succeeded by George Foreman KO5 Ron Lyle (1976-01-24)

Ring Magazine Fight of the Year 1971 – W15 Muhammad Ali (March 8) Ring Magazine Fight of the Year 1973 – George Foreman TKO2 Joe Frazier (January 22)

Preceded by Ring Magazine Fight of the Year Muhammad Ali KO8 Ge- 1975 – Muhammad Ali KO14 Joe Frazier (October 1) orge Foreman (October 30, 1974)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Frazier" Categories: 1944 births, African American boxers, American boxers, Boxers at the 1964 Summer Olympics, Boxers from Pennsylvania, Heavyweights, International Boxing Hall of Fame inductees, Living people, Olympic boxers of the United States, Olympic gold medalists for the United States, People from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, People from South Carolina, WBA Champions, WBC Champions, World Heavyweight Champions This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 02:46 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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