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									                              BOI
                        BOARD OF INVESTMENT
                     GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN
PAKISTAN

AGRICULTURE SECTOR
                                                                       CONTENTS

Sector Overview .............................................................................................................................................3

Budget 2006-07 Highlights for Agriculture Sector .....................................................................................4

Agri - Exports ................................................................................................................................................5

Investment Policy for Corporate Agriculture Farming .............................................................................6

Sector over the Last Five Years ...................................................................................................................7

Agriculture .....................................................................................................................................................8

  Crop Situation ............................................................................................................................................ 8
     Major Crops .......................................................................................................................................... 9
     Minor Crops .........................................................................................................................................11
     Other Minor Crops ...............................................................................................................................11
  Farm Inputs ...............................................................................................................................................12
     a) Fertilizer:..........................................................................................................................................12
     b) Improved Seed .................................................................................................................................12
     c) Irrigation: .........................................................................................................................................12
     d) Agricultural redit: ............................................................................................................................13
Forestry ........................................................................................................................................................ 15

Livestock and Poultry .................................................................................................................................15

   Livestock ..................................................................................................................................................16
   Poultry: .....................................................................................................................................................17
      Initiatives for Poultry Industry .............................................................................................................17
Fisheries........................................................................................................................................................ 19

Investment Opportunities ........................................................................................................................... 20

  Summer Vegetables ..................................................................................................................................20
  Alove Vera Processing .............................................................................................................................20
  Seed Processing Unit ................................................................................................................................21
Annexure ......................................................................................................................................................24
                                      Sector Overview

Agriculture is the single largest sector of the economy. It contributes 24 percent of the GDP, employs 48.4
percent of country’s workforce and is a major source of foreign exchange earnings. About 68% of the
population lives in rural Pakistan and depends upon agriculture for sustenance.

The average annual growth rate of agriculture during 1990s was 4.5%. The highest growth rate of 11.7
percent was achieved in 1995-96 mainly due to increase in cotton, gram, milk and meat production. The
sector touched the lowest negative growth rate of 5.3 percent in 1992-93 mainly due to decrease in cotton
and sugarcane production. The major crops as wheat, cotton, rice, sugarcane and maize account for 41% of
value added and minor crops 10% in overall agriculture. Livestock has emerged as an important sub-sector
of agriculture. It accounts for 37.5% of agriculture value added and about 9.4% of the GDP. Similarly,
fisheries play an important role in national income through export earnings Government has identified
agriculture as a priority area for addressing problems of unemployment, poverty alleviation and for
fostering economic development. The agricultural policy focuses on sustainable food security, increasing
productivity, commercial agriculture, imports substitution, income diversification and export orientation.

In procurement of agricultural commodities, the role of private sector is being emphasized leading to
public-private sector partnership. The institutional services as agricultural research and extension are
geared to raise productivity and profitability of the farmers and address issues faced by the farming
community at field level. The services in agricultural marketing are being renovated. It is planned to
establish new markets in areas where marketing structure is weak. Attempt is being made to remove market
imperfections and provide an enabling environment for farmers to market their produce at reasonable prices.
A special focus is being made to establish a network of quality testing laboratories in public sector for
grains, livestock diseases and products, fertilizer and agro-chemicals, residue testing and strengthening of
plant and animal quarantine services.

The performance of agriculture remained weak this year as it grew by only 2.5 percent, as against 6.7
percent of last year and the 4.2 percent target for the year, with major crops and forestry registering a
negative growth of 3.6 percent and 5.7 percent, respectively. Agriculture, this year was subjected to adverse
weather conditions. Major crops, accounting for 32.5 percent of agricultural value added, depicted a
negative growth of 3.6 percent as against an impressive 17.8 percent growth of last year. Besides measuring
from a high base of last year, major crops registered a decline primarily on account of a 13.0 percent less
production of cotton (12.4 million bales as against 14.3 million bales last year) owing to adverse weather
conditions. Sugarcane is another major crop which registered a negative growth of 6.2 percent (from 47.2
million tons to 44.3 million tons). Rice and maize, the two other major crops, however performed well with
rice production increasing by 10.4 percent and maize production was up by 27.3 percent. Despite the
impressive performance of these two crops, they failed to compensate the decline in
production of cotton and sugarcane. Wheat production remained more or less at last year’s level with a
marginal increase of 0.4 percent (21.7 million tons as against 21.6 million tons). Livestock with almost 50
percent contribution in agriculture has been the only saving grace as this sector grew by 8.0 percent, as
against 2.3 percent of last year and hence took the overall agricultural growth to a positive side.

Furthermore, during the current fiscal year (2005-06), the availability of water for Kharif 2005 (for the
crops such as rice, sugarcane and cotton) has been 5.5 percent more than the normal supplies and 19.8
percent more than last year’s Kharif. Excessive winter rainfalls, (January – March 2005) along with melting
of snow on mountains top were responsible for higher than normal availability of water during Kharif 2005.
The water availability for Rabi season (for major crop such as wheat) was 17.3 percent less than the normal
availability but 29.8 percent more than last year’s Rabi.
                    Budget 2006-07 Highlights for Agriculture Sector
           A Program of Rs.7.8 billion is being introduced to increase the incomes of the farmers in 13,000
            villages. The Program will start from 1000 villages in 2006-07. This will create jobs in rural areas.

           A Public-Private Partnership in dairy sector development with Rs.3.6 billion has been launched.
            This Company will set up 1200 Model Dairy Farms and will establish 2950 farms for raising
            livestock. This project will enhance rural incomes.

           The production of dairy products is now exempt from Sales Tax. The dairy and livestock
            equipments are exempt from custom duty and sales tax. The custom duty on the packaging
            material of dairy products has been reduced to 5 percent. This will help promote dairy sector in
            rural area.

           Drip irrigation and sprinklers technology are being introduced in agriculture with Rs.15.0 billion.

           Rs.7.0 billion is being spent in 2005-06 for lining of 15,000 canals. Rs.6.0 billion will be spent in
            2006-07 for the same. As a result, the loss of canal water will be reduced by 25 percent.

           Rs.5.5 billion will be spent on katchi Canal in 2006-07. The government is constructing Katchi
            Canal with Rs.22 billion in Balochistan. This will bring revolution in agriculture in Balochistan.

           Rs.10 billion is allocated for the initial work on big dams in 2006-07. The government has
            provided Rs.5.0 billion subsidy on fertilizer in 2005-06. In 2006-07, Rs.12.3 billion subsidy will
            be provided to keep the price of fertilizer at affordable level for the farmers.

           To enhance the agricultural productivity the government is launching National Agricultural
            Research Program with Rs.2.5 billion. The machinery for agriculture, horticulture and Floriculture
            will be exempt from custom duty.

           Machinery for promoting fisheries will be exempt from custom duty. Custom duty is reduced from
            60 percent to 30 percent on refrigerated vans. Exemption from custom duty on new and used
            agriculture tractors in CBU conditions.

           Special incentive package in the shape of reduced tariff rates for poultry industry has been
            proposed.

All these measures will help enhance agricultural activities in the country. This will increase the incomes of
the farmers.
                                        Agri - Exports
Exports were targeted at $ 17 billion or 18.1 percent higher than last year. The exports of primary
commodities were up by 22 percent; prominent among those are exports of rice (33.6%), fish and fish
preparation (30.2%) and fruits (20.6%). Exports of textile manufactures grew by 19.2 percent; prominent
among those are exports of bedwear (58.4%), readymade garments (31.0%), cotton yarn (29.4%), cotton
cloth (16.5%) and towels (12.0%). It is encouraging to note that exports this year have been largely
quantity driven and with firming up of the price of exportable, Pakistan’s exports may rise substantially in
the medium terms. During the first nine months (July-March) of the current fiscal year, over 88 percent
increases in exports are driven by quantity (quantity effect) and the remaining 12 percent are due to the
increase in unit values of exports (price effect).

Pakistan's exports are highly concentrated in few items namely, cotton, leather, rice, synthetic textiles and
sports goods. These five categories of exports account for 74.5 percent of total exports during the first nine
months of the year with Cotton manufacturers alone contributing 58.4 percent, followed by leather (6.1%),
rice (6.9%) and synthetic textiles (1.2%). Pakistan’s exports are also highly concentrated in few countries.
The seven countries, namely USA, Germany, Japan, UK, Hong Kong, Dubai and Saudi Arabia account for
50 percent of its exports. The United States is the single largest export market for Pakistan, accounting for
27 percent of its exports followed by the United Kingdom, Dubai, Germany and Hong Kong.
 Investment Policy for Corporate Agriculture Farming
      i.   Only such local and foreign companies will be entitled to Corporate Agriculture Farming that
           are incorporated in Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance, 1984.
     ii.   There is no upper ceiling limit on land holding for CAF by amending relevant laws. The size
           of the proposed corporate farm may be left to be determined by the prospective investor.
    iii.   Agriculture Income Tax, regime applicable in provinces, on income from agriculture, would
           be applicable to Corporate Agriculture Farming.
    iv.    Tax relief in shape of Initial Depreciation Allowance @ 50 % of machinery cost is allowed to
           set –off provincial AIT.
     v.    Labor laws may not be presently applicable to Corporate Agriculture Companies. Due to
           special circumstances of the agriculture sector however appropriate labor laws be developed
           for this sector within five year.
    vi.    Import of agriculture machinery and equipment is exempted from Custom duty and Sales Tax.
   vii.    Machinery items for wheat/ grain storage and cool chain are importable at Import duty @
           0 %.
   viii.   Wherever possible, state land may either be sold or leased to the investors for 50 years,
           extendable for another 49 years. Preference in this respect will be given to cultivatable
           wastelands, which is otherwise fit for cultivation.
    ix.    Transfer of land for CAF will be exempted from duty.
     x.    100% foreign equity is allowed. ( in the CAF )
    xi.    No Government sanction required undertaking CAF except registration with BOI.
   xii.    Exemption of the dividends (of CAF companies) from tax.




The areas of Investment for Corporate Agriculture Farming (CAF)

      i.   Land development / reclamation of barren land, desert and hilly areas for agriculture purpose
           and crop farming.
     ii.   Reclamation of water Front Areas/ Creeks.
    iii.   Crops, Fruits, Vegetables, Flowers Farming / Integrated Agriculture (Cultivation and
           processing of crops).
    iv.    Processing of agriculture products.
     v.    Modernization and development of irrigation facilities and water management.
    vi.    Plantation/ Forestry.
   vii.    Dairy, small ruminants (sheep, goat) and other livestock farming.
                                  Sector over the Last Five Years
Factors                        Units             1999-00    2000-01    2001-02    2002-03    2003-04    2004-05


Cropped Area                   Million           22.74      22.04      22.12      21.85      22.94      22.51
                               Hectares

Seed Distribution              000 Tonnes        146.76     193.8      191.57     170.02     178.77     218.12


Water Availability             Million    Acre   133.28     134.77     134.63     134.48     134.78     135.68
                               Feet

Fertilizer off-take            000 Nutrient      2,823      2,964      2,928      3,020      3,222      3,693
                               Tonnes

Supply of Agi. Credit          Rs. in Million    37,667     44,489.4   52,446.3   58,918.7   73,560.0   108,733


Tube wells                     Numbers           541,839    545,569    680,473    762,902    941,752    954,842


Production of Tractors         Numbers           35,038     32,553     24,311     27,101     36,059     44,095


Production of Major Crop       000Tonnes         106012     98167      99217      106567     10991      -


Production of Fruit            000Tonnes         4,069      4,169      4,126      3,933      4,161      4,138


Production of Meat             000Tonnes         1,957      2,015      2,072      2,123      2,188      2,271


Milk Production                000Tonnes         25,566     26,284     27,031     27,811     28,624     29,472


Fish Production                000Tonnes         655        62         655        562        566        580


Total Forest Production        000Tonnes         670        736        726        823        918        912


             Source: Ministry of Food, Agriculture & Livestock
                                            Agriculture
Over the last five years agriculture growth has witnessed mixed trends. In the years (2002-03 to 2004-05),
better availability of irrigation water had positive impact on overall agricultural growth and this sector
exhibited modest to strong recovery.

                                    Agriculture Growth (Percent)
  Years             Agriculture              Major Crops             Minor Crops

  2000-01                    -2.2                    -9.9                            -3.2
  2001-02                    -0.1                    -2.5                            -3.7
  2002-03                     4.1                     6.9                            0.4
  2003-04                     2.3                     1.9                            4.0
  2004-05                     6.7                    17.8                            3.0
  2005-06 (P)                 2.5                    -3.6                            1.6
  P = Provisional                                    Source: Federal Bureau of Statistics



Crop Situation
There are two principal crop seasons in Pakistan, namely the "Kharif", the sowing season of which begins
in April-June and harvesting during October-December; and the "Rabi", which begins in October-
December and ends in April-May. Rice, sugarcane, cotton, maize, mong, mash, bajra and jowar are
“Kharif" crops while wheat, gram, lentil (masoor), tobacco, rapeseed, barley and mustard are "Rabi" crops.
Major crops, such as, wheat, rice, cotton and sugarcane account for 90.1 percent of the value added in the
major crops. The value added in major crops accounts for 35.2 percent of the value added in overall
agriculture. Thus, the four major crops (wheat, rice, cotton, and sugarcane), on average, contribute 31.7
percent to the value added in overall agriculture. The minor crops account for 12.3 percent of the value
added in overall agriculture. Livestock contribute almost 50 percent to agriculture – much more than the
combined contribution of major and minor crops (47.5%).




                                  Production of Major Crops (000 Tons)

Years           Cotton (000bales)      Sugarcane           Rice             Maize               Wheat
2001-02         10,613                 48,042              3,882            1,664              18,226
                (-1.1)                 (10.2)              (-19.2)          (1.3)              (-4.2)
2002-03         10,211                 52,056              4,478            1,737              19,183
                (-3.8)                 (8.3)               (15.3)           (4.4)              (5.2)
2003-04         10,048                 53,419              4,848            1,897              19,500
                (-1.6)                 (2.6)               (8.3)            (9.2)              (1.6)
2004-05         14,265                 47,244              5,025            2,797              21,612
                (45.3)                 (-15.2)             (3.6)            (46.3)             (10.8)
2005-06(P)      12,417                 44,312              5,547            3,560              21,700
                (-13.0)                (-6.2)              (10.4)           (27.3)             (0.4)
P: Provisional. (July – March)                                                               Source: Economic
Survey 2005-06
*: Figures in parentheses are growth rates
                                            Major Crops
a) Cotton:
Cotton is not only an export-earning crop but also provides raw material to the local Textile Industries. It
accounts for 8.6 percent of the value added in agriculture and about 1.9 percent to GDP. The area and
production target for cotton crop during the current fiscal year were 3247 thousand hectares and 15.0
million bales, respectively.

                                    Area, Production and Yield of Cotton
 Year                Area                              Production                   Yield
                     (000)           % Change          (000)Bales   % Change        Kgs/Hec         % Change
                     Hectare
 2001-02             3116            6.5               10613        -1.1            579             -7.2
 2002-03             2794            -10.3             10211        -3.8            622             7.4
 2003-04             2989            7.0               10048        -1.6            572             -8.0
 2004-05             3193            6.8               14265        42.0            760             32.9
 2005-6 (P)          3096            -3.0              12417        13.0            682             -10.3

 P: Provisional. (July – March)                                                             Source: Economic
 Survey 2005-06


b) Rice:
Rice is an important food cash crop. It is also one of the main export items of the country. It accounts for
6.1 percent of the total value added in agriculture and 1.3 percent to GDP. Area and production target of
rice for the year 2005-06 were set at 2533 thousand hectares and 5000 thousand tons, respectively. Area
sown for rice is estimated at 2620 thousand hectares – 3.4 percent higher than the target and 4 percent
higher than last year.


                                  Area, Production and Yield of Rice
 Year                Area                              Production                   Yield
                     (000)           % Change          (000)Bales   % Change        Kgs/Hec         % Change
                     Hectare
 2001-02             2114            -11.1             3882         19.2            1836            -9.1
 2002-03             2225            5.2               4478         15.3            2013            0.6
 2003-04             2461            10.6              4848         8.3             1970            -2.1
 2004-05             2419            2.3               5025         3.6             1995            1.2
 2005-6 (P)          2620            4.0               5547         10.4            2117            6.1
 P: Provisional. (July – March)                                                             Source: Economic
 Survey 2005-06
c) Sugarcane:
Sugarcane crop serves as a major raw material for production of white sugar and gur. Their share in value
added of agriculture and GDP are 3.4 percent and 0.7 percent respectively. For 2005-06, the area under
sugarcane crop was targeted at 955 thousand hectares as against 966 thousand of last year.


                                  Area, Production and Yield of Sugarcane
 Year                Area                            Production                      Yield
                     (000)           % Change          (000)Tons     % Change        Kgs/Hec         % Change
                     Hectare
 2001-02             1000            4.1               48042         10.2            48042           5.9
 2002-03             1100            10.0              52056         8.3             47324           -1.5
 2003-04             1074            -2.4              53419         2.6             49738           5.1
 2004-05             966             -11.8             47244         -15.2           48906           -3.8
 2005-6 (P)          907             -6.1              44312         -6.2            48856           -0.1

 P: Provisional. (July – March)                                                              Source: Economic
 Survey 2005-06

d) Wheat:
Wheat is the main staple diet of the people of Pakistan. It contributes 13.7 percent to the value added in
agriculture and 3.0 percent to GDP. Area and production target of wheat for the year 2005-06 were set at
8415 thousand hectares and 22.0 million tons, respectively.

                                    Area, Production and Yield of Wheat
 Year                Area                              Production                    Yield
                     (000)           % Change          (000)Tons     % Change        Kgs/Hec         % Change
                     Hectare
 2001-02             8058            -1.5              18226         -4.2            2262            -2.7
 2002-03             8034            -0.3              19183         5.2             2388            5.6
 2003-04             8216            2.3               19500         1.6             2375            -0.5
 2004-05             8358            1.7               21612         10.8            2586            8.9
 2005-6 (P)          8303            -0.7              21700         0.4             2614            1.1

 P: Provisional. (July – March)                                                              Source: Economic
 Survey 2005-06
                                         Minor Crops
a) Oilseeds
The major oilseed crops include cottonseed rapeseed/mustard, sunflower and canola etc. The total
vailability of edible oils in 2004-05 was 2.764 million tons. Local production stood at 0.857 million tons
which accounts for 31 percent of total availability while the remaining 69 percent was made available
through imports. During 2005-06 (July to March) local production of edible oil is provisionally estimated at
0.809 million tons. During the same period 1.269 million tons of edible oil was imported and 0.216 million
tons edible oil was recovered from imported oilseeds.



                        Area and Production of Major Oilseeds Crops

 Crop                2004-05                                  2005-06 (P)
                     Area              Production             Area             Production
                                       (00Tons)
                     (000 Acres)       Seed       Oil         (000 Acres)      Seed          Oil
 Cottonseed          7979              4770      536          7660             3980          478
 Rapeseed/Mustar     601               203       64           578              188           59
 d
 Sunflower           780               569       205          850              595           214
 Canola              288               144       52           323              162           58
 Total Oil                                       857                                         809
 P: Provisional. (July – March)                                                         Source: Economic
 Survey 2005-06


Other Minor Crops
The production of all the pulses namely masoor, mung and mash are down by 13.5 percent, 12.6 percent
and 9.8 percent respectively during 2005-06. The main reason for decline in production of all these pulses
as compared to last year has been the short fall of respective area of these crops, which declined by 17.8,
15.2 and 23.7 percent respectively.

                        Area and Production of Other Minor Crops
 Crops        2004-05                               2005-06(P)                              % Change in
                                                                                            production
              Area                 Production       Area               Production
              (000 hectares)       (000 tons)       (000 hectares)     (000 tons)
 Masoor       48.8                 25.9             40.1               22.4                 -13.5
 Mung         245.4                25.9             207.9              113.6                -12.6
 Mash         45.2                 130.0            34.5               16.5                 -9.8
 Patato       110.5                18.3             124.7              1662.7               -17.9
 Onion        122.3                2024.9           145.9              2275.9               29.0
 Chilles      38.4                 90.4             59.4               121.9                34.8
 P: Provisional. (July – March)                                                       Source: Economic
 Survey 2005-06
                                             Farm Inputs
a) Fertilizer:
Fertilizer is one of the basic inputs of agriculture and its timely availability is very crucial for agricultural
production. The fertilizer off-take is increasing at a brisk pace and will increase further in the medium term.
                                 Production and Off-take of Fertilizer (000 N/tons)

Year              Domestic          %          Imports       %              Total      %          Off-        %
                  Production        Change                   Change                    Change     take        Change


2001-02           2286              -0.5       626           8.1            2912       1.2        2929        -1.2

2002-03           2315              1.3        766           22.4           3081       5.8        3020        3.1

2003-04           2539              9.7        764           -0.3           3303       7.2        3222        6.7

2004-05           2718              7.1        785           2.7            3503       6.1        3694        14.6
2005-06(P)        2132              5.3        1002          77.7           3134       2982       21.1        2982

P: Provisional. (July – March)                                                      Source: Economic Survey 2005-06



b) Improved Seed
Certified seed plays a pivotal role in boosting agricultural production both in market oriented and
subsistence farming. Certified seed in Pakistan is limited to wheat, cotton, paddy as major crops besides
maize, gram, pulses fodder and oilseeds as well as minor crops. The Federal Seed Certification &
Registration Department regulates quality during the flow of seed from the breeder to the growers. The
Department performs its functions through seventeen Seed Testing Laboratories and Field Offices,
established in various ecological zones of the country.


c) Irrigation:
It is well-known that an efficient irrigation system is a pre-requisite for increasing agricultural production
since water is a basic input for agriculture. It provides food security against the vagaries of nature and
enables the cropping intensity to be increased. Despite the existence of good irrigation canal network in the
world, Pakistan still suffers from wastage of a large amount of water in the irrigation process.

                  Canal Head Withdrawals (Below Rim Station) Million Acre Feet (MAF)
   Provinces         Kharif           Kharif          %             Rabi             Rabi           % Change
                     (Apr-Sep)        (Apr-Sep)       Change        (Oct-Mar)        (Oct-Mar)
                     2004             2005                          2004-05          2005-06
   Punjab            30.33            36.43           20.1          11.54            16.40          42.1

   Sindh             25.65            31.18           21.6          10.41            12.13          16.5

   Baluchistan       2.18             2.16            -0.9          0.72             0.89           23.6
   NWFP              0.96             0.99            3.1           0.48             0.64           33.3
   Total             59.12            70.75           19.8          23.15            30.06          29.8
   Source: Economic Survey 2005-06
Government has given top priority to the development of water resources in order to uplift the agro-
economy on the national level which will be achieved by maximizing crop production, through
progressively increasing surface water supplies and conserving them using the latest technologies available
and protecting land and infrastructure from water logging, salinity, floods and soil erosion. The main
objectives are overcoming the scarcity of water through augmentation and conservation means i.e. by
construction of medium and large dams and by efficient utilization of irrigation water, restoring the
productivity of agricultural land through control of water logging, salinity and floods.

Upon completion, the above-mentioned projects will provide a quantum jump in agricultural growth,
necessary to sustain an overall real GDP growth of 7-8 percent in the next few years. Higher agricultural
growth would also help in alleviating poverty.


                             Water Sector Projects under Implementation

   Projects                  Location          Cost(US        Storage    Area     Under    Completion Date
                                               $m)            (MAF)      Irrigation
                                                                         ( Acres)
   Gomal Zam Dam             NWFP              214            1.17       183086            April, 2009


   Greater Thal Canal*       Punjab            500            -          1534000           June, 2008

   Rainee Canal*             Sindh             229            -          412000            September, 2008

   Kachi Canal*              Balochistan       538            -          713000            December, 2008

   Mirani Dam                Balochistan       98             0.30       33200             September, 2006

   Sabakzi Dam               Balochistan       17             0.02       6680              December, 2006

   Raising of Mangla         AJ & K            1000           2.90       -                 September, 2007
   Dam (30 ft)
   Satpara         Dam       Skardu            35             0.08       15536             June, 2008
   Multipurpose
   Diamer Basha Dam          N.A           &   6500           6.40       -                 2015-16
                             NWFP
   Kurram Tangi Dan          NWFP              290            0.914      360000            June, 2009

   Source: Economic Survey 2005-06


d) Agricultural Credit:
Agricultural credit provides financial resources to the farming community particularly, for the purchase of
primary inputs like fertilizer, seed, pesticides, machinery, equipment etc. Government considers it an
important instrument for achieving higher production and attaches high priority to ensure its timely
availability to the farmers. Credit requirements of the farming community have shown an increasing trend
over the years.
                   Supply of Agriculture Credit by Institutions (Rs. In million)
                                                                                   Total
                 ZTBL        Commercial                  Domestic
   Year                                   Cooperatives
                               Banks                     Private Bank
                                                                         Rs. Million     % Change
   2000-01      27610.2     12055         5124.2         -              44789.4        12.8
   2001-02      29108.0     17486.1       5273.7         578.5          52446.3        17.1
   2002-03      291270.2    22738.6       5485.4         1421.0         58918.7        12.3
   2003-04      29933       33248.0       7653.0         2702.0         73560.0        24.8
   2004-05      37409       51310.0       7607.0         12407.0        108733.0       -
   2004-05      25197.6     35391.7       5641.3         7680.2         73810.8        -
(July-Mar)
   2005-06      29027       46973.0       4181.0         10980.0        91161.0        23.5
(July-Mar)
      Source: Economic Survey 2005-06
                                              Forestry
Pakistan has 4.01 million hectares covered by forests, which is equivalent to about 5 percent of the total
land area. Eighty-five percent of this is a public forest, which includes 40 percent coniferous and scrub
forests on the northern hills and mountains.

Pakistan being a forest deficient country is facing timber and fire wood shortage to the tune of about 29
million cubic meters. There is need to increase the area under tree cover not only to meet the material needs
of the growing population but also to enhance the environmental and ecological services being provider by
the forests. During the year 2005-06, forests have contributed 139 thousand cubic meters of timber and 305
thousand cubic meters of firewood as compared to 183 thousand cubic meters of timber and 336 thousand
cubic meters of firewood in 2004-05. In order to motivate people to plant more trees and to highlight the
importance of forest, tree planting campaigns are organized twice a year in spring and monsoon seasons.
During spring and monsoon season year 2005, 97.657 million saplings (spring 67.003 million and monsoon
30.654 million were planted




                               Total Forest Area (million hectares)
                          Province                              Area


                          Punjab                                0.48
                          NWFP                                  1.33
                          Sindh                                 0.84
                          Balochistan                           1.36
                          Total                                 4.01
                          Source: Economic Survey 2005-06
                                 Livestock and Poultry

Livestock
Livestock sector contributes almost 50 percent to the value addition in the agriculture sector, and almost 11
percent to Pakistan’s GDP, which is higher than the contribution made by the crop sector (47.4% in
agriculture and 10.3% in GDP). The role of livestock sector in the rural economy of Pakistan is very critical
as 30-35 million rural population of the country are engaged for their livelihood. Within the livestock sector,
milk is the largest and the single most important commodity. Despite decades of neglect, Pakistan is the
fifth largest milk producer in the world. The total value of milk produced is higher than the value of two
major crops, that is, wheat and cotton.


                          Livestock Population (Million No.’s)
 Species           2001-02         2002-03         2003-04           2004-05            2005-06 (E)
 Cattle            22.8            23.3            23.8              24.2               25.5

 Buffalo           24.0            24.8            25.5              26.3               28.4

 Sheep             24.4            24.6            24.7              24.9               25.5

 Goat              50.9            52.8            54.7              55.6               61.9

 Camel             0.8             0.8             0.7               0.7                0.7

 Horses            0.3             0.3             0.3               0.3                0.3

 Asses             3.9             4.1             4.2               4.2                4.3

 Mules             0.2             0.2             0.3               0.3                0.3


 E: Estimated                                                              Source: Economic
 Survey 2005-06


                                                  Production
 Products        Units            2001-02       2002-03       2003-04           2004-05         2005-06 (E)
 Milk            (000 Tons)       27031.0                     28.624.0          29438.0         31294.6
                                                27811.0
 Beef            (000 Tons)       1034.0        1060.0        1087.0            115.0           1174.4

 Mutton          (000 Tons)       683.0         702.0         720.0             739.0           782.1

 Poultry         (000 Tons)       355.0         370.0         378.0             384.0           462.5
 Meat
 Wool            (000 Tons)       39.4          39.7          40.0              40.2            40.7

 Hair            (000 Tons)       19.3          19.9          20.7              20.7            23.2

 Boanes          (000 Tons)       339.4         347.6         356.2             365.1           384.0

 Fat             (000 Tons)       126.5         129.7         132.9             136.3           143.5
  Blood           (000 Tons)        42.9         44.0            45.2          45.2            49.0

  Eggs            Million No’s      7679.0       7860.0          8102.0        8529            9057.0

  Hides           Million No’s      7.9          8.2             8.4           8.4             9.1

  Skin            Million No’s      39.3         40.3            42.4          42.6            45.2


E: Estimated                                                            Source: Economic Survey 2005-06



Poultry:


                         Production of Commercial Poultry and Poultry Products
  Production                       Units                2004-05                       2005-06(E)


  Day Old Chicks                 Million No’s           372.0                         386.5

  Layers                         Million No’s           22.7                          23.2

  Broilers                       Million No’s           292.1                         303.9


  Breeding Stock                 Million No’s           6.8                           6.9

  Poultry Meat                   (000 Tons)             384.0                         463.0
  Eggs                           Million No’s           4992.0                        5107.0


E: Estimated                                                            Source: Economic Survey 2005-06


Initiatives for Poultry Industry
          A new “Livestock Development Policy” has been approved by the Prime Minister in principle. It
           addresses legal framework and development strategies and action plan for farmers using livestock
           as supplementary source of income groups and development of small and medium enterprises
           (SME) and large businesses. The policy will bring radical changes in the current livestock
           production system and help in exploitation of potentials of livestock sector.

          Two private sector led companies namely “Livestock and Dairy Development Board” and
           “Pakistan Dairy Development Company” have been established to increase the pace of
           development in livestock sector. Board of Directors of these companies includes all stakeholders.

          Import of dairy and livestock machinery/equipment, not manufactured locally, is allowed duty free
           subject to certification by Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock.

          To provide access to credit to small holders, micro credit schemes have been initiated through
           commercial banks i.e. Zarai Taraqiati Bank . Punjab Cooperative Bank and Punjab Small
           Industries Corporation for distribution of loan. Government of Punjab has disbursed approx. Rs
           2.0 billion under the budget 2004-05 for small and medium term projects. Federal Government is
           further working with stakeholders and other scheduled banks to facilitate credit to livestock
           farmers.
   In order to organize dairy sector, cooperative milk production/collection system is encouraged and
    milk processors have reported 35 percent increase in milk collection than the previous year.

   Establishment of slaughterhouses and temporary quarantine station are encouraged is private
    sector. Six slaughterhouse and temporary quarantine stations have been established in the private
    sector.

   In the wake of Avian Influenza, 12 laboratories in different poultry concentrated areas have been
    established/equipped for surveillance’ diagnosis. A central laboratory at National Agricultural
    Research Centre, Islamabad has been especially developed to address Avian Influenza surveillance
    and monitoring. So far during the last one year, it has analyzed more than 28000 samples from
    poultry and more than 700 samples from migratory birds. The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and
    Livestock is constantly monitoring the situation on daily basis.
                                             Fisheries
Fishery as a sub-sector of agriculture plays a significant role in the national economy and towards the food
security of the country, as it reduces the pressure on demand for mutton, beef and poultry. It is also
considered to be the principal source of livelihood for the communities inhabitating at the long coasts of
Sindh and Balochistan as well as along the major rivers, lakes and dams. It contributes, on an average,
about 0.3 percent to the total GDP and 1.3 percent to agricultural. It has been estimated that about 400
thousand fishermen and their families are dependant upon the fisheries for their livelihood.

Marine Fisheries Department (MFD) is responsible for management, development and sustainable
exploitation of the fisheries resources in exclusive economic zones. MFD provides intelligentsia to fisheries
sector and as a result, the primitive small-scale fishery has developed to a modern fishery industry through
use of sustainable methods. By implementing effective quality control measures, Pakistan is now exporting
fish and fishery products to 61 countries including US, Japan and other important countries. The emphasis
is to enhance production of fish and shellfish to reduce pest harvest losses to increase seafood export
earnings, to improve quality control service and to upgrade the socio-economic conditions of the fishermen.

Government of Pakistan is taking a number of steps to improve fisheries sector. Number of initiatives are
being taken by Federal and Provincial Fisheries Department which inter alia include construction of coastal
highways, strengthening of infrastructure, introduction of aquaculture in coastal area, improvement in
freshwater fish culture facilities, strengthening of extension services, introduction of new fishing
methodologies, development of value added products, enhancement of per capita consumption of fish,
upgradation of socio-economic conditions of the fishermen’s community etc.
                             Investment Opportunities
Summer Vegetables
Vegetables are generally grown in two seasons i.e. summer and winter. Selection of summer vegetables is
carried out depending upon their concentration in different areas of the Punjab. The feasibility is confined
to the Punjab province only for three summer vegetables (bitter gourd, muskmelon and tinda gourd) which
are found in Faisalabad, Rahim Yar Khan, Leiah, Khanawal, and Bahawalpur.

Cost of Seed In case of near to market the cost of seed was Rs984.85, Rs167.13 and Rs335.64 for
bitter gourd, tinda gourd and muskmelon, respectively. While in case of far from market, the cost of seed
involved was Rs890.30, Rs171.44 and Rs361.08 for the respective vegetables.

Costs involved in the purchase application of farmyard manure were Rs369.54, Rs111.98 and Rs182.71 for
bitter gourd, tinda gourd and muskmelon, respectively on the basis of near to market, while in case of far
from market the costs involved in applying the farmyard manure were Rs389.54, 249.28 and 98.68 for the
respective vegetables

Fertilizer Cost The cost involved in applying fertilizer by near to market was Rs1830.88, Rs524.92
and Rs2569.82 for tinda gourd bitter gourd and muskmelon respectively. While in case of far from market
the above cost was Rs2190.26, Rs594.24 and Rs2110.26 for these three vegetables. Sufficient and timely
irrigating a crop improves the yield per acre of any crop.

Profitability
Gross income from the cultivation of summer vegetables was higher on farms near to market as compared
to those far from the market. The net income per kg was Rs2.75, 1.27 and 0.73 for respective vegetables in
case of farmers near to market, while in case of farmers far from the market the net income per kg was
Rs2.33, 0.59 and 0.32
.

Suggestions:
Following recommendations are made for increasing the yield of summer vegetables:
     Summer vegetable cultivation needs proper amount of irrigation water at different stages
     Vgetable growers use the inorganic nutrients below the recommended level
     Vegetables are sensitive to diseases and insects attacks. Diagnosis of disease and insect attack at
       the right time is the foremost element in crop management practices




Alove Vera Processing
Aloe is one of the oldest healing plants known to mankind. It is even described in the bible for its healing
properties. Hundreds of Scientific Research Papers describe the activities of Aloe Vera taken internally or
applied externally to the skin or hair. These Research Papers include, but are not limited to the following
nutritional uses: A natural cleaner, powerful in penetrating tissue, relieving pain associated with the joints
and muscles, bactericidal, acts as a strong antibiotic, virucidale when in direct contact for long periods,
fungicidal, anti-inflammatory, instrumental in increasing circulation to area, breaks down and digests dead
tissue, and moisturizes tissues.

Target Market
The target market for the project would be Pharmaceutical and Cosmetic Industry.


PROJECT INVESTMENT

 COST                                            RUPEES
 Capital Investment                                 43,305,500
 Working Capital Requirement                        1,889,986

 Total Investment                                   45,195,486



RECOMMENDED PROJECT PARAMETERS

Capacity               Human Resource                     Location


3,600,000 Aloe         50                                 Raiwind Road, Lahore
Leaves per annum



Financial Summary

  Project Cost              IRR            NPV (Rs.)               Payback period



  45,195,486                26.45%         14,559,388              4.66 years




Seed Processing Unit
(Wheat & Rice)

Seeds are the foundation of human and animal life on earth-the foods we eat, the fiber we wear, and most
of the products we use in our daily life, are created from a seed. There is no substitute for a quality seed as
quality seed is essential for growing quality crops, which ultimately results in a better quality of life.


Capacity of the Project               5 ton Seed per hour
                                      Avg. 2000 tons per season (6 month)

Total Project Cost                    8.79 million

Working Capital                       8.9 million

Man Power Required                    17


                                                     Project Return
IRR                                   24.89 %

Pay Back Period                       4.5 years

Net Present Value                     Rs 28,884,419.00
Key Success Factors

There are a number of factors which contribute towards the success of a project. In case of the project of
Seed Processing Unit, some of the Key Success Factors are as follows:

       The seed must be free from inert material, weed seed and seed of other varieties and crops; have
        safe moisture content; have high germination and vigor; and be relatively free of damage and
        disease. The seed must also be treated, bagged and labeled properly.

    
        physiological activity and damage from storage fungi and insects.

       Generally, seed has contaminants of various kinds when it comes into the processing plant,
        especially if it has been harvested with an improperly adjusted combine or thresher or threshed
        directly on the ground. Cleaning can be done because seeds differ in length, width, thickness,
        density, shape, surface texture, color, affinity for liquids, and electrical conductivity, but the most
        commonly used characteristics are seed size and density. Cleaning increases the seed quality by
        improving physical purity and germination. That means that inert matter must be removed.

    
        done so that the content of the bag can be guaranteed to farmers purchasing the seed.

                                                                                 The ambient conditions and
        the storage period will determine the type of storage that is required.

    
        temperature reduce the viability of seed.

                                 ve an internal seed-quality control system. Laboratories to assess quality
        before and after processing and to monitor the efficiency of the different processing machines are
           Other Investment Opportunities in Agriculture Sector




 Cattle Farming & Meat Processing
   (See Annex-I for Land Availability)

   Investment Areas:    Development of Infrastructure, machinery, tech. etc.
   Target Investors:           Local, China, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, OIC Countries, E.U.

 Dairy Farming

   Investment Areas:              Farms to be developed near major cities for local consumption and
                                  exports as well
   Target Investors:              Local, China, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, OIC Countries, E.U.


 Fisheries

   Investment Areas:    Technology, Trawlers to be developed
   Target Investors:            Local investors and investors from OIC Countries, China

 Horticulture

   Investment Areas:    Fruit Processing & Packaging & Exports of Fruits, Dates
   Target Investors:             Local, China, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Oman, OIC Countries

                                                                     Source: Pakistan Dairy Association
 Corporate Agriculture Farming

 Seed Production

 Cold Chains

 Agro Processing Industry
                                                 Annexure
                                                                                                 ANNEXURE - I
                              Project Studies and Pre-Feasibilities Available
                           Project Capital
                                               Working
                           Cost        Cost                 Land       Work                              Payback
     Sector / Projects                         Capital                         Capacity         IRR %
                           (mill.      (mill                (Sq. ft)   Force                             (Years)
                                               (mill. Rs)
                           Rs)         Rs.)
 1   Agriculture Livestock & Fisheries
2    Live stock Industry

     Abattoir                                                                      2750
3                             20.23    18.17     1.14        66000                              52.79%     3.13
     (Slaughterhouse)                                                           animals/day

     25-Animal       Dairy
4                              1.5      0.1      0.18       370,262      5     250 liters/day   22.00%
     Farm
     50-Animal       Dairy
5                             2.94     0.19      0.28       32 acres     7     552 liters/day   30.00%     5.5
     Farm
     Broiler Farm (7500-                                                        7500 birds /
6                             0.41     0.06      0.34         7830       2                      43.03%     3.94
     Birds)                                                                        clock
     Layer Farm (5000-
7                             0.35     0.06      0.29        10718       2       8463 eggs      34.69%     6.84
     Birds)
     Calve        Fattening
8                             0.89     0.63      0.26         6510       5     390 calves p.a   35.66%     4.26
     Farm

9    Shrimp Farming           21.35    4.55      13.24       871200     19       251.06 kg

     Cut Flower Farm
10                            1.27     0.09       0.5        217801      7      4538 flowers    27.00%     3.59
     (Rose)

11   Flower Shop              2.01      0.1      0.59        217801     11      3028 flowers    68.00%     2.15

     Seed    Processing                                                          2000 tons/
12                            17.69    8.79       8.9       8 Kanals    17                      24.89%     4.5
     (Wheat &Rice)                                                                 season
     Greenhouse (Fresh                                        10
13                           9.76       9.16      0.6                   13      25000 Plants     190%
     Cut Roses)                                              Kanals
     Food
14   Sea Food Industry
15   Fresh Fruits & Vegetables Industry
16   Frozen Foods Industry

17   Kinnow Processing        18.87     3.8      11.27        6575      34        80 tons       50.06%     2.04
                                                                                   72000
18   Milk Pasteurization       13      10.29       2          9000       5
                                                                                 Liters/day
     Animal         Casing                                                      500 hanks /
19                            3.34     2.29      1.05         1500      19                      31.17%     6.69
     Processing                                                                     shift

20   Mango Processing         21.4     16.12     4.12        44000      44      3 Tons / day    18.00%     2.55
                                                                                                    ANNEXURE - II
                                                PUNJAB

                               LAND AVAILABILITY POSITION

Land in compact blocks of 500 acres and more has been reserved for corporate farming in districts
Muzaffargarh, Rajanpur, Bahawalpur and D.G. Khan as under: -


    District                  Tehsil                     Revenue Estate                Area available
  Muzaffargarh               Kot Adu                                             23 blocks of 500 acres
                                                 Sadiqabad
       -do-                     -do-             Azizabad                        2 blocks of 500 acres
       -do-                     -do-             Mustafabad                      2 blocks of 500 acres
                                                 Asni                                 i)      2,647 acres
    Rajanpur                 Rajanpur                                                 ii)     2,080 acres
                                                 Patti Kalan Miran Khas          1,296 acres
       -do-                     -do-
                                                 Rakh Machka Pacca               1,036 acres
       -do-                     -do-
                                                 Rakh Kotla Hassan               504 acres
       -do-                   Rojhan
                                                 Chak NO. 96/DB                  500 acres
   Bahawalpur                 Yazman
                                                 Shadan Lund Chak Ladan          2,612 acres
   D.G. Khan                D.G. Khan
                                                 Dalana Patti Tomi               2,500 acres
       -do-                     -do-
                                                 Dalana Patti Bhuchery                i)       1,412 acres
       -do-                     -do-                                                  ii)      1,212 acres
                                                 Gazzi                           1,812 acres
      -do-                      -do-
     Total: -              31,111 acres

In addition to this, 6.6 million acres of land is available in Cholistan of which 2 million acres is relatively
plain but it can be developed only if canal water is made available. Sub-soil water is either saline or too
inadequate for irrigation. There are also problems of infrastructure and other logistics.


The Board of Revenue, Punjab has identified a compact block of 25,000 acres for corporate farming in
Cholistan. The Irrigation Department has intimated that there is acute shortage of canal water suggesting
the mode of overcoming the problem through development projects.
                                                              SINDH
                                     LAND AVAILABILITY POSITION


   Area                  Location                 Kind          Availability of water      Lease period       Annual lease
                                                   of                                       proposed          rate proposed
                                                  land
                                               REVENUE DEPARTMENT
2,000-00        Deh Pharyaro Taluka Nara                       Under ground water is    30 years renewable   Rs. 1,000/- per




                                                 Cultivable
acres                                                          kalarish at 100 ft.      by 20 years more     acres plus 20%
(Sukkur                                                        depth                                         annual increase
Barrage)

1,584           B Nos. 1158 to 1256 Deh                        Under ground water is    30 years renewable   Rs.1,000/- per
                                                 Cultivable
Acres           Ahmed Rajo No.3 Taluka                         kalarish                 by 20 years more     acres plus 20%
(Kotri          Shaheed      Fazil Rahu,                                                                     annual increase.
Barrage)        Distt:Badin.

1,472           B.Nos. 2173 to 2218 & 2287                     Barrage water can be     30 years renewable   Rs.1,000/- per
                                                 Cultivable




Acres           to 2332. Deh Ahmed Rajo                        made from Girhari        by 20 years more     acres plus 20%
(Kotri          No. 6 Taluka Shaheed Fazil                     Distry which is at the                        annual increase.
Barrage)        Rahu Distt. Badin.                             distance of 5 miles.

Total: 3,056-00
                                                 FOREST DEPARTMENT
11,975          Matiari   Riverine    Forest                   Water lifting from       Can be leased out    On agreed rate
                                                 Cultivable




Acres           (Distance 25 K.M. from                         River   or   through     for longer period    of joint venture.
                Hyderabad along National                       Tubewells                (To be negotiated)
                Highway near Matiari Town.

9,792           Riverine forest situated in                    Lifting from Indus       Can be leased out    On agreed rate
                                                 Cultivable




Acres.          distt. Thatta (50 K.M. from                    River or from Sapa       for longer period    of joint venture.
                Hyderabad and Thatta both).                    Irrigation minor pass    (To be negotiated)


Total: 21,767-00
                                            AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT
3,018           Farm at Lodhhra in Distt.                      Water is available       Permanent    joint   1,00,000     per
                                                 Cultivable




Acres           Shikarpur                                                               venture              acres (Cost)




Grant total of available land. 29,841-00 Acres
           1.        Badin open Jail area
           2.        Nahersar, Mirpur Khas.
SINDH
                                        NWFP

                     LAND AVAILABILITY POSITION
S.#           Name of Seed             Location           Total Area        Cultivated area
                  Farm                                     (Acres)          (acres)
      Govt. Seed Farm, Rakh
1.    Manghan                      D.I. Khan                       884                   673

2.    Govt. Seed Farm, Rakh        D.I. Khan                      1,133                  757
      Zandani

3.    Govt. Seed Farm, Ratta       D.I. Khan                       500                   450
      Kulachi

4.    Govt. Seed Farm, Rakh Band   D.I. Khan                       994                   500
      Kural

5.    Govt. Seed Farm, Nar Hafiz   Bannu                               62                 60
      Abad, Serai Naurang

6.    Govt. Barani Farm            Hangu                               47                 40

7.    Govt. Seed Farm, Bahadur     Karak                               84                 56
      Khel

8.    Govt. Seed Farm, Jamra       Takht Bhai,                     120                    77
                                   Mardan

9.    Govt. Sugarcane              Harichand,                          75                 65
      Multiplication Farm          Charsadda

10.   Govt. Seed-Cum               Haripur                             50             Under
      Demonstration Farm                                                        Development

                                                 Total:           3,949                2,678
30
                                                 BALOCHISTAN


                                       LAND AVAILABILITY POSITION
                                    Available State Land in Balochistan for CAF
     S.No                                      Size of Plot/ Area in
                    Location of Land                                                       Intended Use of Land
                                                       Acres
            District Lasbella
            Tehsil Sonmiani                          165,459
                                                                       Dairy Farming, Agriculture Farming, Industrial Estate,
1.          Tehsil Dureji                             81,178
                                                                       IT Park, Conventional Centers
            Tehsil Liari                             381,505
            Tehsil Lakhara                           126,637
            District Khuzdar
                                                                       Agriculture Farming, IT Park
2.          Tehsil Khuzdar                            22,471
            Tehsil Karakh                             4,487
            District Chagai
            Tehsil Dalbandin                         209,322           Agriculture Farming, Industrial Estate, IT parks, Marble

3.          Tehsil Nokundi                           192,521           Factory, Mines & Mines & Development (Granite,
            Tehsil Taftan                                              Copper, Ironore, Chromite)
                                                      26,350
            Tehsil Chagai                             83,201
            District Pishin                                            Agriculture Farming, Dairy Farming, IT Parks,
4.
            Tehsil Pishin                                              Industrial Estate
                                                      7,874
            District kalat

5.          Tehsil Surab                              9,866            Agriculture Farming, Dairy Farming

            Tehsil Mangchar                            682
            District Kila Abdullah                                     Mines & Mineral Development, Dairy Farming, IT
6.
            Tehisil Kila Abdullah                                      Parks
                                                      27,922
            District Awaran
7.                                                                     Agriculture Farming, Dairy Farming
            Tehsil Awaran                             20,577
            District Loralai
8.                                                                     Ostrich Farming, Agriculture Farming
            Tehsil Dukki                              16,000
            District Gwadar                                            Construction of Shopping Malls, Offices/ Residential
                                                      40,000
9.          Tehsil Gwadar                                              Plazas, 4-5 stars Hotels. Conventional Centers,



                                                                                                              31
          Tehsil pasni                                                  Recreation Centers, Establishment of IT Parks,
                                                                        Industrial Estates, Fisheries Development.
          Tehsil Ormara


                              Agriculture farms in Balochistan for Public Private Partnership

S.No           Name of Farm             Area in Acres                               Location, District
1.     A.D.I                                   1,185                              Khanpur, Naseerabad
2.     Seed Farm Gidder                        1,469                                 Surab, Kalat
3.     Seed Farm Gidder                        3,519                              Gadahwa, Jhal Magsi
4.     Coconut farm                             200                                 Uthal, Lasbela
5.     Seed Farm                                273                           Usta Mohammad, Naseerabad
6.     Katvi Farm                               400                                  Katvi, Lorali
7.     Sariab Farm                              280                                Mastung, Mastung
8.     Model Farm                               480                                Gulu Shehar, Sibi
9.     Kalu Killa Farm                          200                            Kalu Killa, Killa Siafullah
10.    Agriculture   Research     Sub           400                                 Turbat, Turbat
       Station
       Agriculture Research Fruit
11.    Experiment Station Wayaro                166                                  Wayaro, Lasbella
       Farm




                                                                                                               32
                                                                                                ANNEXURE - III


        1. HARNESSING THE CULTIVABLE WASTE LAND

PROSPECTS
Pakistan has a total geographical area of 79.6 million hectares. Of this 9.1 million hectares land
is cultivable waste. Cultivable waste is that cultivated farm area which is fit for cultivation but
was not cropped. The reasons may be lack of water availability, lack of interest, financial
resource constraints to buy proper equipment and inputs for cultivation of crops, remote areas
from the villages/cities, etc. Cultivable waste area is almost half of the cultivated area. Hence
development of this area is not only better for investment but also have potential to contribute to
increase in agricultural production.

About half of the cultivable waste area is in the province of Balochistan Province. Break up is
as follows:

CULTIVABLE WASTE AREA (MILLION HECTARES)

                              Pakistan                      9.14
                              Punjab                        1.74
                              Sindh                         1.45
                              NWFP                          1.08
                              Balochistan                   4.87

Cultivable waste land in Balochistan is mainly in the Kalat Division followed by Quetta,
Nasirabad and Makran Divisions. In Punjab, cultivable waste area is mainly in the Divisions of
D.G. Khan, Bahawalpur, Rawalpindi and Lahore. In Sindh, cultivable waste area is located in
Hyderabad, Mirpur Khas, Sukkur and Larkana Divisions. In NWFP, cultivable waste area is
located in D.I. Khan, Hazara and Kohat Divisions.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
Pakistan's climate is conducive to grow a variety of crops, vegetables and fruits. Major crops
produced are wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane, maize, gram, onion, potato, rape and mustard seed,
and sunflower. Major fruits produced include apple, dates, citrus, mango, grapes and guava.

Once the cultivable waste lands are developed, there are bright prospects that production of all
the above crops could be started. The requisite technology, manpower and inputs to produce the
crops is already available in the country.

MARKETING ASPECTS
                                                                                               33
Pakistan is deficit in food production and approximately Rs. 84 billion (US$ 1.9 billion) is spent
annually on import of wheat, edible oils, pulses, tea and other food products. Thus there is
already available market for these products in Pakistan. There is also potential for exports
particularly of cereals, vegetables and fruits.

               2.     OFF-SEASON VEGETABLE PRODUCTION

PROSPECTS
Demand for off-season vegetables is tremendous and it has vast market in side the country and
out side in-Middle East and Europe.

Pakistan has technical know-how to produce off-season vegetables. Trained manpower is
available and the required greenhouse structure/material is also available. It does not require
very sophisticated greenhouses.

Vegetables such as tomatoes, cucumbers and sweet pepper can be produced. This work can be
started on a small piece of land near cities where it has market and can also be exported
promptly.

Temporary greenhouses can be built using polyethylene sheets and bamboo or iron bars, or
pipes. Water supply is assured through tubewells.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
Production technology is not so complicated. All fertilizers and inputs are available locally.
Labor is cheap and readily available. Supervisory technical staff is also available. Training of
staff can be provided and other technical assistance can be sought from National Agricultural
Research Centre, Islamabad.

Land is available on reasonable rates which can be taken on lease or can be bought as per
requirements. Off seasons vegetable production project can be started at small level in the
beginning and expanded further as a when required. Initially it is suggested to start the project
on 5 acres given the provision for expansion up to 25 acres.

MARKETING ASPECTS
Perishable vegetables will be marketed or exported immediately after harvest. However, short
term transit storage will be required quite often which will be done at the farm in cold rooms.

To encourage export of fresh vegetables, a scheme of 25 percent freight subsidy on export of
fresh vegetables is in vogue. This scheme is operated by the Export Promotion Bureau,
Government of Pakistan. The expected investors can also make use of this scheme and export to
foreign markets as much as they could.




              3.    SUNFLOWER HYBRID SEED PRODUCTION

PROSPECTS
Pakistan is deficit in edible oil production. About 67 percent of total requirement is imported.
Sunflower is an important oilseed grown in Pakistan. During 1997-98, sunflower was grown on
98 thousand hectares in 1997-98 and target for 1999-2000 is to grow sunflower at 162 thousand
hectares. Sunflower hybrid seed had advantage upto 30 percent of yield production over open
pollinated seed. This is why the farmers prefer to use hybrid seed and pay a high rice.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS

                                                                                              34
Pakistan has production technology and inbred lines to produce this seed. Oilseed Programme of
National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad will assist the investor to set up the
production system also provide seed of inbred lines as per the requirements of seed company.

The seed can be produced in Sargodha, Bhalwal, D.G. Khan and Hyderabad districts on
irrigated lands during autumn season. The crop is planted in the last week of July and first week
of August and is harvested in the first and second week of November. After breaking of
dormancy by storing it for 50 days, the seed is ready for sale in first week of January.

A seed company can start its business by producing 50 or 100 tonnes of seed and gradually raise
the level of production upto 200 tonnes and 500 tonnes. The seed company would require to
establish a small infrastructure in Pakistan for seed processing, seed storage and seed marketing.
Some core technical manpower would be needed for the supervision of seed production, storage
and marketing. All seed could be produced on farmers field through contract farming or by
acquiring land on lease and contracting out all the field operations.

MARKETING ASPECTS
A good seed crop can product 300 to 350 kg processed and treated seed per acre. The cost of
production of one kg seed comes to about Rs. 150 to 170. It includes cost of seed production,
transportation, processing, treating, packing, storage, overheads and marketing costs. The seed
is sold to farmers for Rs. 250 to Rs. 300 per kg. In this way, the profit margin is Rs. 100 to Rs.
130 per kg of seed.

The market for hybrid seed already exists in the country. The farmers growing sunflower prefer
to use hybrid seed in order to get better productivity per unit and hence they are willing to pay
more price for hybrid seed as compared to other seeds. Thus, there will be no marketing
problem.

                    4.      DEHYDRATION OF VEGETABLES

PROSPECTS
At present dehydrated vegetables have demand from army, Pakistan International Airlines,
Railways and hotels. Some units with limited capacity for dehydration of onion, potatoes and
cauliflower are operating in Pakistan. Some dehydrated vegetables like garlic powder has utility
in certain pharmaceuticals. Apparent household demand for dehydrated vegetables is also
limited. The general consumers have not yet been exposed to the product. Hence there exists a
considerable suppressed demand for selected dehydrated vegetables like onion, garlic, potato,
bitter gourd, cauliflower, etc. It is only matter of introducing the products to the consumers
markets.

It is important to record that exports of dehydrated vegetables will be commercially more
profitable than processing for local market. Middle Eastern and European markets are to be
explored for export potentials.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
During 1997-98, the production of onion was at 1.1 million tonnes, potato at 1.4 million tonnes,
garlic at 0.08 million tonnes and cauliflower at 0.2 million tonnes. These are mostly consumed
in fresh form. The plant for dehydration of these vegetables could be established at vegetable
growing areas like Peshawar, Lahore, Faisalabad, Sahiwal, Sargodha, Multan and Hyderabad.

The main products would be hydrated vegetables and by-products processing wastes. The

                    Onion                Potato               Garlic            Cauliflower
conversion ratio of the vegetables into dehydrated form is as follows: CONVERSION RATIO


                                                                                               35
                                 11
Raw material                                       6                    5                   15


Finished products                1                 1                    1                   1

Waste                Vegetable peeling.




          MARKETING
          a) Domestic: Demand already exists with the defence forces, Pakistan International Airlines and
          hotels. Consumer demand will have to be created through marketing techniques.

          b) Export: There is a great demand for the export of dehydrated vegetables to the Middle
          Eastern and some Europe markets.




                                5.     TOMATO PASTE PRODUCTION

          PROSPECTS
          Pakistan produces about 0.3 million tones of tomato annually. During the peak season tomato
          sells at low prices due to larger supplies resulting in less return to growers. About 10 to 20
          percent of production is wasted due to defective marketing system and inadequate processing
          facilities. Sale price of tomato paste in local market indicated that this activity is financially
          viable if proper marketing arrangements are made.

          Presently a quite few companies including M/s Mitchell's Farms are producing tomato paste.
          The annual production capacity of all the companies together is also limited.




          PRODUCTION ASPECTS
          Tomato paste plant can be established in the main tomato growing areas of Hyderabad (Sindh
          province), Quetta (Balochistan province), Parachanar (NWF province), Faisalabad and Multan
          (Punjab province). The main raw material, viz.; tomato and other utilities required would easily
          become available in these areas. The main product would be tomato paste and by-product would
          be peels and seeds convertible into animal feed. The conversion ratio of tomato to tomato paste
          is 8:1.




          MARKETING ASPECTS
          Tomato is very popular vegetable. It is used in fresh form in almost all the recipes. Its price
          fluctuates very much. At the harvest season price is at the lowest while at the off-season prices
          rise to a very high level. The consumer generally look for a substitute. Tomato paste could serve
          as substitute. Apart from this, tomato paste needs to be introduced to consumers and market will
          have to be created through marketing techniques.




                                                                                                         36
            6.    SOLVENT OIL EXTRACTION FROM RICE BRAN

PROSPECTS
Production of Rice (paddy) is estimated to be about 6 million tonnes and based on about 10
percent recovery of rice bran, 0.6 million tonnes of rice bran is available. The oil contents in rice
bran is 15 to 17 percent. The existing oil extraction capacity in Pakistan is limited and as such a
large quantity or rice bran is either used in poultry feed or exported.

The inedible oil extracted from rice bran is an important raw material in the manufacture of
soap, washing powder, etc. Pakistan is importing tallow and during 1977-98, 62 thousand tonnes
of tallow was imported at Rs. 1.4 billion for the manufacture of soap. This is an import
substitution project and establishment of such unit will help save foreign exchange on the
import of tallow.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
Punjab and Sindh provinces are producing a large part of total rice produced in Pakistan. Rice
bran, which is the main raw material, is easily available in these provinces. Other raw material
will be Hexane (solvent). Main product would be crude oil while by-product will be rice bran
meal.




Other related information is as under:

        Rice bran is available at very low price
        Project will operate 200 days during a year
        Consumption ratio of Hexane is 4 gallons per tonne of rice bran.
        The plant can also be used for oil extraction from oilseeds such as sunflower, soybean
         and cotton seed, etc.
        Bran of parboiled can produce edible grade oil


MARKETING ASPECTS
It is good and cheap substitute of tallow for manufacture of soap and washing powder. Animal
tallow is imported to meet the domestic demand for the same. Hence market for the crude oil
produced is readily available in Pakistan and can easily be sold to soap factories. Apart from
this, the product can also be exported to foreign countries.




    7.    PRODUCTION OF MUTTON THROUGH RAISING SHEEP AND
                            GOATS

PROSPECTS
Pakistan has large livestock inventory i.e. cattle 21.1 million, buffaloes 21.4 million, sheep 23.8
million and goats 44.2 million and has great potential for enhanced production provided feed
shortages are overcome; improved health coverage is made available; and price controls are
removed. In order to save feed for better feeding the animals, a policy of enhancement of
productivity per unit animal is being pursued. Therefore, apparently the number of animals are
surplus to the requirement of the country. The marketing system is also obsolete. Steps are in
hand to improve the marketing structure.

Large areas of land in the districts of Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, Rahim Yar Khan, Larkana,
Jacobabad, Shikarpur and Khairpur are under developed and not being utilized effectively. It is

                                                                                                 37
estimated that more than 10,000 acres of land is available for sheep and goat raising in these
districts.




PRODUCTION ASPECTS
Large area of land in the districts of Bahawalpur, Bhawalnagar, Rahim Yar Khan, Larkana,
Jacobabad, Shikarpur and Khairpur is still under developed and not being utilized effectively. It
is estimated that more than 10,000 acres of land is available for sheep and goats raising in these
districts. These areas have good potential for dairy products.

Large area of land in the districts identified above is still under developed and is not being
utilized effectively. It is estimated that more than 10,000 acres of land is available for sheep and
goats raising in these districts. These areas have good potential powder and other dairy products.

MARKETING ASPECTS
In order to exploit livestock resources it is proposed to set up dairy units. The estimated cost for
setting up dairy farms of 10,000 heads of sheep/goat is about Rs. 120 million capital cost (cost
of land, shed, sheep/goat, etc.) and Rs. 5 million recurring cost (cost of grazing, concentrates,
etc).

Mutton is expensive than beef in Pakistan because consumers have a preference of mutton over
beef. Hence a large market for mutton already exist in the country. However, there is also a need
for proper and hygienic marketing of mutton. If this is done, the product will be readily salable.

There are also bright prospects of export of mutton to Middle East where most of the meat
comes from Australia. Pakistan, being an Islamic country, will be preferred by the Middle
Eastern Islamic countries for import of mutton because of the way of slaughtering of animals.

                               8.     FISHERIES SECTOR

PROSPECTS
Pakistan is blessed with rich fishery resources available in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
of Pakistan spread over an area of about 250,000 sq km. Pakistan has a coast line of about 1,100
km along the coast of Sindh and Balochistan provinces. Pakistan's total marine production is
estimated at 0.4 million tonnes which can be further enhanced to a considerable extent.

The total export from fishery sector during 1997 was US$ 172 million which needs to be further
enhanced. Pakistan fishery being of diversified in nature has considerable opportunities for
attractive foreign investment. The following specific areas are identified:

DEEP SEA FISHINGF OPERATION
There is wide scope for the exploitation of meso-palegic resources reported to be in abundance
in Pakistan's water and their further processing/canning on board. Exploitation of tuna and
tunalike species through tuna longliner has also prospects.

ACQUACULTURE SECTOR (SHRIMP CULTURE)
In Pakistan although preliminary experiment through pilot shrimp culture had started by public
and private sector, but some faced many difficulties, but commercial viability of the operation
has been proved. However, private sector is hesitant to make investment due to environmental
and technical difficulties. The area earmarked for shrimp culture is located in the western side of
the Indus deltic creek.

It has been observed that the salinity in seawater and in sub-soil areas is increasing. In order to
dilute the seawater during period of high evaporation, there is a need to have ample supply of
                                                                                                 38
fresh water. There is need to establish a hatchery for shrimp. It is economically not viable to
base the industry on imported seeds due to high mortality in transportation and also high costs
involved. Bangladesh, which also had no shrimp culture before 1970's, is now one of the
important country where shrimp aquaculture has got real boast in the past ten years. Their
example can be followed.

PROCESSING OF FISH
The expansion in the processing of fish is probably the most important area which needs private
sector's involvement. At present, a major part of the food fish is either consumed locally or
salted dried for export. With the exception of local consumption and small quantity of frozen
and chilled fish exported to European countries and Middle East, a bulk of the fish is salted,
dried and exported to Sri Lanka at very low prices. Majority of the fish catch instead of being
exported, is converted into fish meal. Important food fish species like tuna, sailfish, marlins,
groupers, dolphinfish, catfish, sharks and various carangoids are not considered as good
foodfishes, therefore, therefore, these are exported to Sri Lanka in dried form.

There is ready market for these fish especially for fillets, steaks and in form of consumer packs
in may be parts of the world. Private sector may invest in this processing sector. Processing for
value added fish products such as breaded, fermented, ready to cook, semi cooked and smoked
products are probably the most important. It may be added that value added products from Asia
(especially South East Asian Countries) are readily accepted in Japanese, European and
American markets. Pakistan can also penetrate in these markets with its value added products.




                                     9. ANIMAL FEED

PROSPECTS
Use of balanced feed after genetic capability of a breed is considered second most important
factor to exploit potential yield of milk and meat. In view of the long felt need, the University of
Agriculture Faisalabad set up a small feed mixing unit to supply feed to dairy farmers. The
commercial feed gave very good results as compared to traditional feed, i.e. cotton seed cake.
Encouraging results of this attempts by the University prompted private sector entrepreneurs to
set up new cattle feed mills. Some of them could not compete with the traditional feed bacause
of quality. However, the pilot unit set up by the University continue working.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
The feed mill units are to be established near areas where dairy and livestock farming are
already developed like Karachi, Lahore Sahiwal, Faisalabad and Gujranwala. The utilities
required are already available in these locations. Raw material will be cotton seed cake, rape
seed cake, rice bran, rice polish, wheat bran, maize oil cake, molasses, etc. Other raw material
required include salt, bonemeal, urea, mineral supplements packing materials etc. These items
are locally available in abundance. The main product will be cattle feed. Conversion ratio will
be 1:1. Machinery for feed mills is locally available from Gujranwala. Machinery can also be
imported.

MARKETING ASPECTS
What is mostly needed is to produce quality feed and put in efforts to introduce the same to the
dairy farmers and common farmers who also happen to be small dairy farmers. The cost of milk
production is going to be reduced if balanced feed is practiced by the dairy farmers.
Replacement of traditional feed, however, is going to take place gradually. For this purpose, the
farmers will have to be made aware of importance of highly nutritive and balanced animal feed.

The market for feed thus will have to be created within the country and prospects are bright for
its export.


                                                                                                39
               10.         FRUIT JUICE, PULP & PASTE PLANTS

PROSPECTS
In recent years there is growing consciousness of the necessity of fruit juices in the country as
they are a source of vitamins and mineral which are essential for the health. Nutritive value of
fresh fruits is better than the processed but due to their perishable nature regular supply of fresh
fruits throughout the year is not posible. Supply of fruits particularly in off-seasons can only be
regulated by processing them into various products.

Pakistan is producing a variety of fruits which include apples, citrus, mangoes, banana, dates,
apricot, guava, pears, fig, almond and peaches. Due to inadequate processing and storage
facilities, large quantity of fresh fruits (10 to 15 percent) is spoiled in harvesting and marketing
operations. These losses can be minimized by creating adequate processing facilities. The
popular fruit juice could be of apple, mango/guava and citrus. The pulp and paste projects could
be for mango, dates and bananas, etc.

PRODUCTION ASPECTS
Pakistan is producing large quantity of apples, citrus, mangoes. During 1997-98, citrus
production was at 2.0 million tonnes, mango at 0.9 million tonnes, apples at 0.6 million tonnes
and guava at 0.5 million tonnes.

Citrus, mango and guava are mostly produced in Punjab province. Mango is also a major fruit in
Sindh province. Apples are mostly (85 percent of total production) produced in Balochistan
province. As such Citrus Juice Extraction plants could be established in Punjab. Mango/Guava
Nectar Processing plants could also be set in Punjab and Sindh provinces where raw material
will easily be available. The apple juice extraction plants could be established in Balochistan
province where apple is produced and easily available.

The main products could be straight fruit juices and fruit concentrates. By-products will be peel
oil and procesing wastes convertible into animal feed and compost. Conversion ratio is expected
to be 1.6 to 2.5:1.

MARKETING ASPECTS
Products and the by-products can find place in the domestic as well as foreign markets. It
depends on the investors how marketing compaign is launched and products introduced in the
local as well as foreign markets. It is, however, estimated that the main products could find a big
market in the Middle East countries.




      11.         PRODUCTION OF FURFURAL & ETHANOL FROM
                       SUGARCANE BY PRODUCTS


PROSPECTS
Sugarcane is one of the Pakistan's major cash crop. It is produced on about 1 million hectares
and production volume is 53 million tonnes. Total cane crushed in sugar mills was 41 million
tonnes in 1997-98. Bagasse is the fibrous residue of the juice extraction process. It amounts to
25-30 percent of the cane weight and appears to be the most economic source of furfural
presently available.




                                                                                                40
Furfural is used primarily as a solvent and as a source of furfural alcohol for making foundry
core binder resins. Key intermediates made from petroleum and natural gas liquids used in
nylon and urethane fibre production have taken furfural's previously most important market.
Furfural is also one of the important solvents used in petroleum refining and need special
attention and consideration.

The entire demand of furfural is met through imports. The major user for the furfural is Oil
refining industry. With its expansion, the demand for furfural will be going up. The demand for
acetic acid is also largely met through imports.




PRODUCTION ASPECTS
The project has the following main features:

1. New technology for Pakistan
2. Import substitution with potential for export
3. A value added project

The plant will have to be imported and can conveniently be located near sugar mills, e.g.
Mardan, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Sargodha, Sahiwal and Bahwalpur. The main raw material will
be sugarcane bagasse; its availability is ensured as most of the bagasse production is being
consumed by the sugar mills for internal energy generation. Other raw materials required will be
sulfuric acid. The main product will be furfural and by-products will be acetic acid, lightenls
(methyl acetate). Conversion ration will be 12:1.

MARKETING ASPECTS
The production of furfural and acetic acid will provide substitution for import of these
chemicals. Market for main as well as by-products is already available in Pakistan. The
domestic demand is expected to increase with the expansion in the capacity of oil refineries as
Pakistan is trying to discover more oil reserves. Since the main users will be industries and not
the consumers, heavy advertisements will not be required in this case.

In case there is slow demand in the country due to any reason, the furfural could be exported. In
this connection, potential foreign markets for the products can be explored.




                   12.         PRODUCTION OF PAPER BOARD

PROSPECTS
There are various types of paper boards like duplex board, flueting board, box board, card
board, etc. Which are used for a wide range of purposes. Paper boards are mainly used as
stationary items and for moulding boxes for packing cigarettes, garments, cosmetics,
pharmaceuticals etc. Unlike straw board, production of paper board requires addition of long
fibre wood pulp, ratio of which may vary depending upon quality of different types of paper
board. Higher the ratio of coniferous wood pulp better the quality. Generally recommended ratio
of pulp ranges from 5 to 20 percent. This can though be manufactured from other raw materials
such as wheat straw, paddy straw, kahi grass but the proposed unit is based on sugarcane
bagasse.

                                                                                              41
PRODUCTION ASPECTS
The activity envisages processing of sugar mill product (bagasse) and crop residues like wheat
straw and paddy straw into value added products. The units can be located where the main raw
material is abundantly available such as provinces of Punjab, Sindh and NWFP.

Based on 25 percent recovery of bagasse from a quantity of 40 million tones of sugarcane which
is being crushed by the mills, about 10 million tonnes of sugarcane bagasse is annually
available. Of this quantity, about 55 percent is being burnt for internal generation of energy. In
addition to this, millions of tonnes of wheat straw and paddy straw are being produced in the
country. Therefore, supply of raw material will be ensured.

Main raw material will be bagasse, wood pulp and waste paper. Other raw materials will be
caustic soda, chlorine, china clay/soap stone, alum and rosin. Bagasse, wheat straw and kahi
grass can be substituted with each other as major raw material with corresponding changes in
longfibre wood pulp. All the raw materials are available in the country. Main product will be
paper board. Conversion ratio is 2.2:1.

MARKETING ASPECTS
The production of paper board is being predominantly consumed for packing of cigarette case,
match boxes, educational material, file covers, toiletries, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals etc.
There is, therefore, a large market for the product in the country. Distribution channels will have
to be employed to transport domestically produced paper board to the final consumers.
Generally the distribution channels consist of producer, distributor, wholesaler, retailer and
consumer.




                                                                                               42
                                                                    ANNEXURE - IV


                              Agriculture Companies
Food and Allied
Company Name                                Foreign   Local   Quoted on Stock
                                                                Exchange
1. Mitchells Fruit Farms                                           
2. Yummy Milk Products (Pvt) Ltd.                      
3. CDL Foods Ltd. ( Candia & Haleeb)                   
4. Nestle Milkpak Ltd.                                             
5. Idara-e- Kissan (Halla)                             
6. Millac Foods Pvt. Ltd.                              
7. Fauji Corn flakes                                   
8. Monnoo Dairies Pvt Ltd.                                         
9. Noon Pakistan Ltd.                                  
10. Pakistan Milk Food Manufacturers                   
11. Prime Dairies                                      
12. Royal Dairies                                      
13. Unilever Pakistan                                              
14. Cadbury Pakistan Ltd.                     
15. Walls                                     
16. Ismail Industries                                              
17. National Foods                                                 
18. Rafhan Best Food                                               
19. Shezan International                                           
20. Quershi                                            
21. Ahmed Foods                                        
22. Pepsi cola                                
23. Coca-cola                                 
24. Macca cola                                         
25. Qibla cola                                         
26. LU Biscuits                                        
27. BP candies                                         
28. McDonald                                  
29. KFC                                       
30. Subway                                             

Tobacco
1. Lakson Tobacco Company                                          
2. Pakistan Tobacco Company Ltd.                                   
3. Premier Tobacco Co.                                             x
4. Khyber Tobacco Co.                                              x
5. Souvenir Tobacco Co.                                            x
6. Sarhad Cigarette Ind.                                           x
7. Saleem Cigarette Ind.                                           x
8. United Tobacco Ind.                                             x
9. Bara Cigarette Ind.                                             x
10. Paramount Tobacco Co.                                          x
11. F.S. Tobacco Company                                           x
12. Frontier Tobacco Ind.                                          x
13. Imperial Cigarette Ind.                                        x
14. Universal Tobacco Co.                                          x
15. National Tobacco Co.                                           x
16. Delta Tobacco Co.                                              x
                                                                          43
17. Eastend Tobacco Co.                                                                      x
18. International Cig. Ind.                                                                  x
19. Ambar Tobacco Co.                                                                        x
20. Abaseen Tobacco Co.                                                                      x

Sugar
1. Al-Abbas Sugar                                                                            
2. Baba Farid Sugar                                                                          
3. Chashma Sugar                                                                             
4. Cresent Sugar                                                                             
5. Faran Sugar                                                                               
6. Frontier Sugar                                                                            
7. Habib Arkady                                                                              
8. Habib sugar                                                                               
9. Hamza Sugar                                                                               
10. Haseeb Waqas                                                                             
11. Husein Sugar                                                                             
12. JDW Sugar                                                                                
13. Kohinoor Sugar                                                                           
14. Mehran Sugar                                                                             
15. Mirza Sugar                                                                              
16. Noon sugar                                                                               
17. Premier Sugar                                                                            
18. Sanghar Sugar                                                                            
19. Shakarganj Sugar                                                                         
20. ShahTaj Sugar                                                                            
21. Tandlianwala                                                                             
22. Bawany sugar                                                                             

N.B. The list given here indicative and not exhaustive. Any company not mentioned here may only
     due to non-availability/ accessibility of data.




                                                                                                  44
      List of Agriculture Companies Registered with
      Securities & Exchange Commission of Pakistan


1.    Gurmani Agro Farm and Live Stock (Pvt) Ltd. Distt: Muzaffargarh
2.    Iffat Agricultural Farms (Pvt) Ltd., Lahore
3.    Mitchels Fruit Farms Ltd., Lahore
4.    Be Be Jan Agro Farms Ltd., Faisalabad.
5.    Greenacres Farms (Pvt.) Ltd., Islamabad
6.    Prime Agriculture Farms (Pvt) Ltd., Islamabad
7.    Millenium Farming (Pvt) Ltd., Islamabad
8.    Corporate Agriculture Farms and Services (Pvt.) Ltd., Lahore
9.    Pir Jhando Farms (Pvt) Limited, Karachi.
10.   Red Rose Corporate Farming Company (Pvt.) Limited,
      Karachi




                                                                        45
                                Available State Land in Balochistan for CAF

S.No             Location of Land              Size of Plot/ Area in Acres   Intended Use of Land

1.     District Lasbella                                165,459              Dairy Farming, Agriculture Farming,
                                                         81,178              Industrial Estate, IT Park, Conventional
       Tehsil Sonmiani                                  381,505              Centers
       Tehsil Dureji                                    126,637
       Tehsil Liari
       Tehsil Lakhara



2.     District Khuzdar                                  22,471              Agriculture Farming, IT Park
                                                         4,487
       Tehsil Khuzdar
       Tehsil Karakh

       District Chagai                                  209,322              Agriculture Farming, Industrial Estate,
3.                                                      192,521              IT parks, Marble Factory, Mines &
       Tehsil Dalbandin                                  26,350              Mines & Development (Granite,
       Tehsil Nokundi                                    83,201              Copper, Ironore, Chromite)
       Tehsil Taftan
       Tehsil Chagai
       District Pishin                                   7,874               Agriculture Farming, Dairy Farming, IT
4.                                                                           Parks, Industrial Estate
       Tehsil Pishin
5.     District kalat                                    9,866               Agriculture Farming, Dairy Farming
                                                          682
       Tehsil Surab
       Tehsil Mangchar
6.     District Kila Abdullah                            27,922              Mines & Mineral Development, Dairy
                                                                             Farming, IT Parks
       Tehisil Kila Abdullah
7.     District Awaran                                   20,577              Agriculture Farming, Dairy Farming

       Tehsil Awaran
       District Loralai                                  16,000              Ostrich Farming, Agriculture Farming
8.
       Tehsil Dukki
       District Gwadar                                   40,000              Construction of Shopping Malls,
9.                                                                           Offices/ Residential Plazas, 4-5 stars
       Tehsil Gwadar                                                         Hotels. Conventional Centers,
       Tehsil pasni                                                          Recreation Centers, Establishment of IT
       Tehsil Ormara                                                         Parks, Industrial Estates, Fisheries
                                                                             Development.




                                                                                                     46
                              Agriculture farms in Balochistan for Public Private Partnership


S.No   Name of Farm                                             Area in Acres        Location, District

1.     A.D.I                                                           1,185                  Khanpur, Naseerabad
2.     Seed Farm Gidder                                                1,469                     Surab, Kalat
3.     Seed Farm Gidder                                                3,519                  Gadahwa, Jhal Magsi
4.     Coconut farm                                                     200                     Uthal, Lasbela
5.     Seed Farm                                                        273               Usta Mohammad, Naseerabad
6.     Katvi Farm                                                       400                      Katvi, Lorali
7.     Sariab Farm                                                      280                    Mastung, Mastung
8.     Model Farm                                                       480                    Gulu Shehar, Sibi
9.     Kalu Killa Farm                                                  200                Kalu Killa, Killa Siafullah
10.    Agriculture Research Sub Station                                 400                     Turbat, Turbat
       Agriculture Research Fruit Experiment Station Wayaro
11.    Farm                                                             166                     Wayaro, Lasbella




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