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									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

International Hockey League (1945–2001)

International Hockey League (1945–2001)
International Hockey League

Sport Founded Country(ies) Ceased Most championships

Ice hockey 1945 United States Canada 2001 Toledo Blades / Toledo Goaldiggers (6)

Troy, Ohio, (1951), Cincinnati (1952), Fort Wayne, Indiana (1952), and Milwaukee (1952). At the same time, the last Canadian team left the league in 1952, when the Chatham Maroons pulled out. Three new U.S. cities were added in 1953. The league would expand and shrink between five and nine teams through the 1950s, with another major expansion in 1959. In the 1962–63 season, the IHL played an interlocking schedule with the NHL-owned Eastern Professional Hockey League, which itself folded in 1963. After 11 seasons as a strictly U.S.-based league, the IHL admitted two Canadian teams in 1963, with the Windsor Bulldogs and the return of the Chatham Maroons. Both teams dropped out after one season, however, and the league would not have a Canadian team again until 1996.

The International Hockey League (IHL) was a minor professional ice hockey league in the United States and Canada from 1945 to 2001. The IHL served as the National Hockey League’s alternate farm system to the American Hockey League (AHL). After 56 years of operation, financial instability led to the league’s demise. Six surviving teams would merge into the AHL in 2001.

Major market expansion
Starting in the late 1960s, the IHL’s quality of play significantly upgraded until by the mid-1970s, it was on par with the American Hockey League (AHL), the longtime top feeder league for the National Hockey League. Many IHL teams became the top farm teams of NHL teams. In 1984, the league swallowed up many surviving members of the Central Hockey League, which had ceased operations. From the late 1980s on, the IHL began to expand into major markets, such as Atlanta, Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Denver, Detroit, Houston, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Los Angeles, Minneapolis – Saint Paul, Orlando, Phoenix, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, and San Francisco. It even placed teams in markets that already had NHL teams, such as Chicago, Detroit, and Long Beach (near Los Angeles). In the mid-1990s, the IHL moved its Atlanta and Minneapolis – Saint Paul franchises to Quebec City and Winnipeg respectively, restoring the league’s Canadian presence and trying to fill the void left in those two cities by the departure of the NHL’s Quebec Nordiques and Winnipeg Jets.

Early years
The IHL was formed in December 1945 and initially consisted of four cross-border teams in Detroit and Windsor, Ontario. In 1947, a team from Toledo, Ohio joined the league, and the following year the IHL expanded significantly, with teams in four additional U.S. cities. The expansion did not take hold, and for 1949–50, the league was back down to teams in Detroit and Windsor as well as two nearby Canadian cities, Sarnia, Ontario and Chatham, Ontario. Windsor dropped out in 1950, and expansion into the U.S. began again, with Toledo rejoining the league and new teams in Grand Rapids, Michigan (1950),


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Award name Turner Cup Fred A. Huber Trophy Commissioner’s Trophy Leo P. Lamoureux Memorial Trophy James Gatschene Memorial Trophy Norman R. "Bud" Poile Trophy Gary F. Longman Memorial Trophy Ken McKenzie Trophy Governor’s Trophy James Norris Memorial Trophy John Cullen Award Seasons

International Hockey League (1945–2001)

1945–2001 League playoff champions. 1945–2001 Regular season champions. 1984–2001 Coach of the Year. 1946–2001 Top point scorer. Known as "George H. Wilkinson Trophy" (1946-1960). 1946–2001 MVP / Sportmanship. 1988–2001 Playoffs MVP. 1961–2001 Rookie of the Year. Known as "Leading Rookie Award" (1961-1967). 1977–2001 American-born Rookie of the Year. 1964–2001 Best defenseman. Known as "Larry D. Gordon Trophy" (1998-2001). 1955–2001 Goaltenders with lowest GAA. 1996–2001 Comeback Player of the Year. Known as "Comeback Player of the Year Award" (1996-1998). 1988–2001 Durability / Longevity. 1992–2001 Outstanding community service. Also known as "I. John Snider, II Trophy." In response, many NHL clubs shifted their affiliations to the AHL. In 1997–98, only four of 18 IHL teams had NHL affiliations.[4] With the loss of subsidized salaries, high expansion fees (by the end the league was charging as much as $8 million US for new teams), exploding travel costs and the NHL itself moving into some of its markets, the league’s rapid expansion proved a critical strain, and it folded after the 2001 season. Six IHL franchises (the Chicago Wolves, Grand Rapids Griffins, Houston Aeros, Utah Grizzlies, Milwaukee Admirals and Manitoba Moose) were admitted into the AHL as expansion teams for the 2001-02 season, and then among them won the next three AHL Calder Cup championships (2002, 2003, 2004) and appeared in the Cup Finals in the next two years (2005, 2006). The IHL’s last champions, the Orlando Solar Bears, were not taken in because their owner, Rich DeVos, also owned the Griffins.

Ironman Award IHL Man of the Year

Even the Minneapolis – Saint Paul team was an effort to place a professional hockey franchise in a market that an NHL team (in this case the Minnesota North Stars) had deserted. The league’s expansion into larger markets was rapid, spearheaded by media mogul Ted Turner, and many of the smaller-market teams (such as Fort Wayne and Kalamazoo) fell away, joining lower-level leagues such as the United Hockey League or the East Coast Hockey League.

Decline and collapse
The IHL’s expansion into NHL markets put a strain on relationships between the leagues. There was some speculation that the IHL would end up competing directly with the NHL, especially when a lock-out in 1994 threatened to wipe out the NHL season.[1] However, in the 1995-96 season, the IHL’s "soft" salary cap was just $1.5 million,[2] while the lowest NHL team payroll that season was $11.4 million.[3]

Trophies and awards
• Source.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

International Hockey League (1945–2001)

Franchise timelines References
[1] "League’s founding father watches over 50th year," David Eminian, The Hockey News, January 27, 1995. [2] "Ufer trying to sell league on structured salary cap," David Eminian, The Hockey News, November 10, 1995. [3] "NHL Teams’ Payrolls". $maseq_e.htm. Retrieved on 2006-11-23. [4] "The Modern Minors," Eric Zweig, p. 381, in Total Hockey, ed. Dan Diamond, Total Sports, 1998.

External links
• International Hockey League 1945-2001 Internet Hockey Database - Standings and Statistics • International Hockey League 1945-2001 Internet Hockey Database - IHL Awards


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Founding Team name(s) year 1945 1945 1945 Detroit Auto Club Detroit Bright’s Goodyears Windsor Gotfredsons Windsor Staffords Windsor Ryan Cretes Windsor Spitfires Windsor Hettche Spitfires Detroit Hettche Detroit Metal Mouldings Detroit Jerry Lynch Toledo Mercurys

International Hockey League (1945–2001)

Years of Number operation of seasons 1945–1951 6 1945–1949 4 1945–1946 5 1946–1948 1948–1950 1945–1947 7 1947–1949 1949–1952 1946–1948 3 1948–1949 1947–1949 14 1950–1962




Played in North and South divisions (1948–1949). Played as Toledo Buckeyes (EAHL) (1949–50). Played as Toledo-Marion Mercurys (1955–1956). Played as Toledo-St. Louis Mercurys (1959–1960). Transferred to USHL in 1949. Transferred to EAHL in 1949. Transferred to OHA Sr. A in 1951. Played in OHA Sr. A (1952–1963).

1948 1948 1948 1948 1949 1949 1950

Akron Americans Louisville Blades Milwaukee Clarks Muncie Flyers Sarnia Sailors Chatham Maroons Grand Rapids Rockets Huntington Hornets Louisville Rebels Troy Bruins Cincinnati Mohawks Fort Wayne Komets Albany Choppers Milwaukee Chiefs Johnstown Jets Louisville Shooting Stars Marion Barons Indianapolis Chiefs

1948–1949 1 1948–1949 1 1948–1949 1 1948–1949 1 1949–1951 2 1949–1952 4 1963–1964 1950–1956 10 1956–1957 1957–1960 1951–1959 8 1952–1958 6 1952–1990 39 1990–1991 1952–1954 2 1953–1955 2 1953–1954 1 1953–1954 1 1955–1962 7 Transferred from EAHL in 1953 Transferred to EHL in 1955. Transferred from AHL in 1952. Original Fort Wayne Komets replaced in 1990 by relocated Flint Spirits franchise.

1951 1952 1952

1952 1953 1953 1953 1955


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1959 1959 Milwaukee Falcons Denver Mavericks Minneapolis Millers Omaha Knights St. Paul Saints Muskegon Zephyrs Muskegon Mohawks Muskegon Lumberjacks Cleveland Lumberjacks Port Huron Flags Port Huron Wings Port Huron Flags Des Moines Oak Leafs Des Moines Capitols Toledo Blades Toledo Hornets Toledo Goaldiggers Windsor Bulldogs Dayton Gems Columbus Checkers Columbus Golden Seals Columbus Owls Dayton Owls Grand Rapids Owls Flint Generals Saginaw Generals Saginaw Hawks Saginaw Gears Kalamazoo Wings Michigan K-Wings Lansing Lancers Milwaukee Admirals Peoria Prancers Peoria Rivermen San Antonio Dragons Salt Lake Golden Eagles Detroit Vipers Indianapolis Checkers Colorado Rangers

International Hockey League (1945–2001)
Ceased operations November 26, 1960 during second season. Denver relocated mid-season to Minneapolis on December 3, 1959. Transferred to Central Professional Hockey League in 1963.

1959–1960 2 1959 4 1959–1963 1959–1963 4 1959–1963 4 1960–1965 41 1965–1984 1984–1992 1992–2001 1962–1971 19 1971–1974 1974-1981 1963–1972 12 1972–1975 1963–1970 23 1970–1974 1974–1986 1963–1964 1 1964–1977 14 1979–1980 1966–1970 23 1971–1973 1973–1977 1977 1977–1980 1969–1985 20 1985–1987 1987–1989 1972–1983 11 1974–1995 26 1995–2000 1974–1975 1 1977–2001 24 1982–1984 16 1984-1996 1996–1998 1984–1994 17 1994–2001 1984–1987 13 1987–1988

1959 1959 1960


1963 1963

1963 1964 1966

Transferred from OHA Sr. A in 1963. Team on hiatus from 1977–1979. Franchise on hiatus from 1970–71. Dayton relocated midseason to Grand Rapids on December 15, 1977.


1972 1974 1974 1977 1982

Transferred from USHL in 1977. Transferred to AHL in 2001.


Transferred from CHL in 1984.


Transferred from CHL in 1984.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Denver Rangers Phoenix Roadrunners 1985 1988 1990 1990 Flint Spirits Fort Wayne Komets Indianapolis Ice Kansas City Blades San Diego Gulls Los Angeles Ice Dogs Long Beach Ice Dogs Atlanta Knights Quebec Rafales Cincinnati Cyclones Las Vegas Thunder Russian Penguins Chicago Wolves Houston Aeros Minnesota Moose Manitoba Moose Denver Grizzlies Utah Grizzlies Orlando Solar Bears San Francisco Spiders Grand Rapids Griffins 1988–1989 1989–1997

International Hockey League (1945–2001)

1985–1990 14 1990–1999 1988–1999 11 1990–2001 11 1990–1995 10 1995–1996 1996–2000 1992–1996 6 1996–1998 1992–2001 9 1993–1999 6 1993–1994 1 1994–2001 7 1994–2001 7 1994–1996 7 1996–2001 1994–1995 7 1995-2001 1995–2001 6 1995–1996 1 1996–2001 5

Transferred to UHL in 1999. Transferred to CHL in 1999. Transferred to WCHL in 2000.

1992 1992 1993 1993 1994 1994 1994 1994 1995 1995 1996

Touring Russian team. Transferred to AHL in 2001. Transferred to AHL in 2001. Transferred to AHL in 2001. Transferred to AHL in 2001.

Transferred to AHL in 2001.

Retrieved from al_Hockey_League_(1945%E2%80%932001)"


Categories: International Hockey League (1945–2001), Defunct ice hockey leagues This page was last modified on 20 May 2009, at 21:38 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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