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Hurricane_Beta_-2005-

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									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hurricane Beta (2005)

Hurricane Beta (2005)
Hurricane Beta Category 3 hurricane (SSHS)

Hurricane Beta on October 29

Formed Dissipated Highest winds Lowest pressure Fatalities Damage Areas affected

October 26, 2005 (2005-10-26) October 31, 2005 (2005-11-01) 115 mph (185 km/h)
(1-minute sustained)

962 mbar (hPa; 28.41 inHg) 5 direct, 1 indirect At least $2.1 million (2005 USD) At least $2.3 million (2009 USD) Panama, San Andrés and Providencia (Colombia), Nicaragua, Honduras

Part of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season

Hurricane Beta (pronounced /ˈbeɪtə/) was a compact and intense tropical cyclone that impacted areas around the southwestern Caribbean Sea in late October 2005. Beta was the twenty-fourth tropical or subtropical storm, fourteenth hurricane, and seventh and final

major hurricane of the record-breaking 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. On October 21, a developing tropical wave entered the eastern Caribbean Sea. The next day, the wave spawned Tropical Storm Alpha before weakening. As the wave entered the southwestern Caribbean, convection redeveloped. Late on October 26, the wave spawned another low pressure area which developed into Tropical Depression Twenty-six. The depression intensified into a tropical storm the next morning and was named Beta. After a brief period of intensification, Beta maintained an intensity of 60 mph (95 km/h) for 30 hours due to a brief increase in wind shear. However, after the wind shear abated the storm continued to intensify, reaching hurricane-status on the morning of October 28. Beta underwent rapid intensification for several hours from 18:00 UTC on October 29 to 06:00 UTC on October 30, attaining its peak intensity at the end with winds of 115 mph (195 km/h). The storm began to deteriorate before landfall. At 12:00 UTC, Beta made landfall in central Nicaragua with maximum sustained winds of 105 mph (170 km/h). Rapid weakening followed landfall and the storm dissipating early the next morning. As a tropical storm, Beta produced heavy rains over northern Panama, amounting up to 3 inches (76 mm), which caused several mudslides. On October 29, the storm passed over Providencia Island, and caused significant damage to structures and injuring 30 people. In Honduras and Nicaragua, over 1,000 structures were damaged by the storm, hundreds of which were destroyed. Ten people were initially feared dead after their boat went adrift during the storm. However, a Panamanian vessel rescued the men after drifting in the water for several hours. Rains in Honduras totalled to 21.82 in (554 mm) and 6.39 in (162 mm) in Nicaragua. Six people were killed in Nicaragua, one of which was indirectly related to the storm. The cost to repair damages in Nicaragua was estimated at $2.1 million (2005 USD; $2.3 million 2008 USD).

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hurricane Beta (2005)
the end of October 27, maximum sustained winds around the center of Beta were estimated at 60 mph (95 km/h). An increase in wind shear caused a minor disruption of the storm’s structure, briefly preventing strengthening.[4]

Meteorological history

Storm path On October 21, a westward-moving tropical wave entered the Caribbean Sea.[1] The wave quickly developed organized convection, indicating that a possible low pressure area had developed along the wave.[2] Continued development led to the formation of Tropical Depression Twenty-Five (which would later be named Alpha).[3] The wave continued to move towards the west, producing minimal shower and thunderstorm activity.[4] Once in the southwestern Caribbean, the wave slowed, and convection gradually redeveloped on October 25.[5] The next day, with continued organization, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) stated that a tropical depression could develop in the following day or two.[6] At around 18:00 UTC, the NHC determined that Tropical Depression TwentySix had developed about 105 miles (170 km) north of the central cost of Panama.[4] Located within an area of weak vertical wind shear and warm sea surface temperatures, the depression intensified. By 06:00 UTC the next morning, the depression was upgraded to a tropical storm and given the name Beta by the NHC.[4] Beta was slowly moving towards the north-northwest in response to a mid-tropospheric shortwave trough over the Gulf of Mexico and mid-tropospheric ridge to the northeast of the storm. Deep convection developed near the center of circulation, signifying a developing system. With favorable conditions for development, Beta was forecast to intensify into a hurricane before making landfall in central Nicaragua.[7] An eyewall rapidly developed around the center of circulation, fuelling further intensification. With the formation of an eyewall and the compact size of the storm, rapid intensification was anticipated.[8] By

Hurricane Beta at peak intensity on October 30 at 06:15 UTC After maintaining its intensity for 30 hours, the shear weakened, and Beta began to intensify again.[4] Around 00:00 UTC on October 29, the storm passed near Providencia Island with winds of 70 mph (110 km/h), just below hurricane-status. At this time, the cyclone began to turn towards the west.[4][9] Beta intensified into a hurricane several hours later, with winds of 80 mph (140 km/h), as an eye became pronounced on infrared satellite images. Located south of a weakness within the subtropical ridge, the hurricane’s motion slowed to a westward drift.[10] With the formation of an eye, the chances of rapid intensification reached 62%, possibly becoming a major hurricane—a hurricane with winds of 111 mph (178 km/h) or higher—before landfall.[11] Beta continued to intensify as convection continued to deepen around the 11.5 mi (18.5 km) wide eye,[12] strengthening into a Category 2 hurricane with winds of 105 mph (170 km/h).[4] After undergoing a brief period of rapid intensification from 18:00 UTC on October 29 – 06:00 UTC on October 30, the hurricane reached its peak intensity as a Category 3 hurricane with winds of 115 mph (185 km/h)

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
and a minimum pressure of 962 mbar (hPa; 28.42 inHg). The storm also began to turn towards the south-southwest as it reached its peak intensity and its maximum size, with tropical storm-force winds extending out 60 mi (95 km) from the center.[4] However, as it neared the coast, cloud tops around the eye began to warm, signifying weakening.[13] Around 12:00 UTC on October 30, Beta made landfall in central Nicaragua near La Barra del Rio Grande with winds of 105 mph (170 km/h).[4] After making landfall, the hurricane weakened to a tropical storm, with winds decreasing to 65 mph (100 km/h), as the structure of the storm began to deteriorate.[14][15] Early on October 31, Beta weakened to a tropical depression and dissipated a few hours later over the mountains of central Nicaragua.[4]

Hurricane Beta (2005)
watch was issued.[20] By late morning, both advisories were replaced by a hurricane warning.[21] The island did not have much time to prepare for Hurricane Beta, being struck only three days after its formation. Of its 5000 residents all stayed to weather the storm, but about 300 of them evacuated wooden homes on the beach for sturdier brick shelters inland on the islands mountains.[22] The neighbouring island of San Andrés initiated a moratorium on all outdoor activities as the storm’s outer bands reached the island on October 29.[22] Officials evacuated about 700 people, 500 tourists and 200 residents, on San Andrés to temporary shelters. The Colombian Government provided 8 tons (7.2 tonnes) of food and emergency supplies, including 1,100 sheets, 300 hammocks, and 350 cooking kits to the island.[23]

Preparations
Hurricane Warning
Hurricane conditions expected within 24 hours.

Nicaragua
Immediately upon the storm’s formation on October 26, the Government of Nicaragua issued a tropical storm warning for its entire eastern coast.[24] The next day the tropical storm warning was supplemented by a hurricane watch.[21] On October 29, Nicaraguan President Enrique Bolanos declared a maximum "red alert" for the country’s eastern coast.[18] Despite the governments efforts, only 10,000 people were evacuated from the Caribbean-side coast[18][22] and the majority secured themselves in their homes.[18] The government pre-positioned food, medicines, clothing, emergency supplies, and army rescue specialists in the most vulnerable areas to provide relief immediately after the storm passed.[18][22] Classes were cancelled in all of the country’s schools and businesses experienced surging demand for hurricane supplies.[22] In the city of Puerto Cabezas, population 60,000,[25] meteorologists expected a direct hit.[26] Local authorities announced a curfew to prevent looting.[27] The government also cut off electricity throughout the small coastal city to prevent injuries.[27] Evacuations were limited, and the most vulnerable of the population weathered the storm in poorly constructed shelters.[26] To be able to respond to an emergency following Beta, the government of Nicaragua requested relief supplies for 41,866 families which would last 15 days. These supplies consisted of 98,000 lbs (44,452 kg) of cereals, 628,600 lbs

Hurricane Watch
Hurricane conditions possible within 36 hours.

Tropical Storm Warning
Tropical storm conditions expected within 24 hours.

Tropical Storm Watch
Tropical storm conditions possible within 36 hours.

Panama, Costa Rica and El Salvador
Although Panama and Costa Rica were not in the direct path of Hurricane Beta,[4] storm warnings were issued for the two countries on October 27 as heavy rains, up to 20 in (508 mm), from the outer bands of Beta were possible.[16] The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Panama alerted officials in Nicaragua, Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Guatemala about the possible impacts from Beta.[17] Civil defence officials in El Salvador declared a pre-emptive alert due to the possibility of rain-triggered mudslides from the outer bands of Beta.[18]

Colombia
Early on the morning of October 27 the Colombian Government issued a tropical storm warning for the islands of San Andrés and Providencia.[19] Hours later, a hurricane

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Hurricane Beta (2005)
the emergency committee called for the evacuation of 125,000 people from the most vulnerable areas of the capital.[30] About 8,000 others were evacuated from 50 communities along the Nicaragua border due to the threat of flooding.[31] A hurricane alert was put in place for areas north of the Nicaragua border but was cancelled on October 30 after Beta turned towards the southeast.[32]

Impact
Three-hourly rainfall accumulations estimated by TRMM from Hurricane Beta from October 26 to 31, 2005 (285,128 kg) of beans, 628,600 lbs (285,128 kg) of corn, 125,7200 lbs (57,025 kg) of rice, 44,500 lbs (20,184 kg) of sugar, 171,600 lbs (77,836 kg) of salt, 4,929 gal (18,658 L) of cooking oil, 324,900 lbs (147,372 kg) of milk and 21,264 blankets.[28]

Honduras
On October 29, Honduras President Ricardo Maduro declared a State of National Emergency as Beta was forecast to bring heavy rains up to 12 in (300 mm). Three departments, Gracias a Dios, Colon, Olancho and El Paraiso, were placed under Red Alert and mandatory evacuations were put in place. The departments of Atlántida, Yoro, Comayagua, Francisco Morazán and Choluteca were placed under Yellow Alert and a Green Alert was in place for the rest of the country. The Local Emergency Management Agency opened its regional and municipal offices to conduct preparative activities. An emergency radio network was set up to alert the public of any emergencies. The government designated several public schools as shelters for the affected population. In the Francisco Morazán Department, the Tegucigalpa Municipal Emergency Committee opened 73 shelters. Extensive cleaning and garbage disposal was conducted, especially around creeks, rivers, and sewers. The National Armed Forces were placed in strategic areas and were on stand-by for search and rescue operations once the storm passed. About 3,306 tons (3,000 tonnes) of food was reported to be available and local travels in the country were suspended.[29] In Tegucigalpa,

Satellite estimate of the rainfall totals from Hurricane Beta Hurricane Beta was responsible for six fatalities and at least $2.1 million (2005 USD; $2.3 million 2008 USD) in damage repair costs.

Panama
Heavy rains for the outer bands of Hurricane Beta, amounting up to 3 in (76 mm),[33] caused flooding and landslides in Panama. At least 256 people were affected by the storm and 52 homes were damaged; however, the cost of the damages is unknown.[34]

Providencia Island
Hurricane Beta reached Providencia Island, on October 29, 2005.[4] Rainfall from the storm were estimated over 12 in (304 mm).[33] Roofs were damaged all over the island,[4] and the island’s main communications tower was knocked over. This disrupted fixed-line telephone service and as the island has no cellular telephone service, it caused a total cessation of communication with the mainland. Beta’s arrival on the island was accompanied by a seven-foot storm surge, which damaged beaches, coastal houses and roads, and washed out a tourist

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Wettest known tropical cyclones in Honduras Precipitation Rank 1 2 3 4 5 (mm) 912 mm 554 mm 360 mm 244 mm 113 mm (in) 35.89 inches 21.82 inches 14.19 inches 9.62 inches 4.46 inches Mitch 1998 Beta 2005 T.D. #16 2008 Felix 2007 Alma 2008 Storm

Hurricane Beta (2005)

Location Choluteca[38] Trujillo[4] Roatan[39] Omoa Cortez[40] Choluteca[41]

footbridge.[22] Coral reefs around the island were, for the most part, untouched, as only 1% of the coral sustained minor damage. Minor effects were also found around areas of sea grass. Beaches all around the island lost an average of 9.8 ft (3 m) of sand due to erosion.[35] Thirty people were injured [36] and 913 families, a total of 3,074 people, were affected during Hurricane Beta’s passage over the island.[37]

Nicaragua
Heavy rains from Hurricane Beta, amounting up to 6.39 in (162 mm), and strong winds caused extensive property damage in Nicaragua.[4] Six people were confirmed to have been killed by Beta in Nicaragua, one of which was caused by a heart attack.[42][43] It was initially feared that ten others, who were listed as missing, were killed when their vessel disappeared during the storm.[44] But they were later rescued by a Panamanian vessel after drifting in the waters for several hours.[45] Throughout the country, a total of 376 latrines, 215 homes, two schools, two community children centres, two community water tanks and five solar panels were destroyed. An additional 852 homes, 21 schools, and three health centres were damaged. The cost to repair damages caused by the hurricane were estimated at $2.1 million (2006 USD).[46] Two communities of Miskitos, with a total population of 3,200, were isolated during the storm.[47] Nearly 80% of the homes in four communities along the Caribbean coast near Bluefields were destroyed by the storm.[48] The strong winds from Beta levelled 1.2 million acres (500,000 hectares) of forested land.[49]

which isolated several communities. Widespread damage occurred to structures, with numerous roofs being torn off.[4] Signs, trees, power poles, and telephone poles were knocked down due to the wind. Four rivers overflowed and communications were disrupted across areas near the Nicaragua border.[31] An estimated 60,483 people were affected by the storm in the country. A total of 954 homes and 11 bridges were destroyed while another 237 homes, 30 roads, 30 bridges and 66 drinking water systems were damaged. About 7,692.1 acres (3,112.9 ha) of farmland was destroyed.[50] At least 11,000 people were left stranded by the storm.[51]

Aftermath
On Providencia Island, two teams of aid personnel, consisting of a total of 800 people, from National Intervention Teams were mobilized in response to Beta. The Colombian Red Cross Society and the National Disaster Response and Preparedness System (SNPAD) provided assistance to 600 families with non food relief, pre-hospital care, first aid, temporary shelter and psychosocial support, and carried out a preventative health campaign on the island.[37] Reconstruction on the island took place shortly after the storm dissipated and 60% of the structures were repaired by January 20, 2006. The completion date for repairs was set at the third week of February.[52] The SNPAD in Nicaragua distributed food to 1,500 victims and reported that food was needed for an additional 35,000 people.[53] Ahead of Hurricane Beta, the U.S. ambassador to Nicaragua signed a disaster declaration on October 28, prompting the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) to send aid. Before the storm hit, $200,000 was sent to the country

Honduras
Torrential rains, peaking at 21.82 in (554 mm),[4] caused numerous mudslides

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
for emergency relief supply distribution and helicopter fuel. On November 1, USAID and OFDA airlifted 200 rolls of plastic sheeting, 5,020 ten-litre water containers, and 2,736 hygiene kits, valued at $120,877. Another $22,000 was used to supply an aircraft and Bell 204/205 helicopter to assist affected areas. On November 10, another $100,000 was sent for sanitation and health activities.[54] The United Nations sent $10,000 to the Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur to cover emergency needs. Forty-five tents were sent to communities in need. [53] The Spanish Government also sent $377,188 in aid and to Nicaragua.[55] The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement sent 300 food packages, 300 kitchen kits, 200 mattresses, 300 hygiene kits, 150 hammocks, plastic sheeting, and 26.4 tons (24 tonnes) of construction materials and tools to Nicaragua. As a precaution, about 2.2 tons (2 tonnes) of food was also sent to the National Society’s warehouse in Bogotá. A total of $116,367 was also allocated from disaster relief funds.[31] The Justice, Global & Ecumenical Relations Unit in Canada also provided $6,500 in relief funds to Nicaragua.[56] Two shipments of relief supplies were sent to the hardest hit areas by Direct Relief International. The first shipment arrived on November 9; it contained 3,000 lbs (1,360 kg) of antibiotics valued at $237,241. The second shipment arrived on November 22; it contained numerous supplies, valued at $139,283, which would be delivered to the hardest hit areas.[57] The governments of Sweden and France sent $37,191 and $36,058 in funds respectively.[55] On October 31, a disaster declaration was signed for Honduras due to the effects from Beta. USAID sent $50,000 in funds for the purchase of relief items such as blankets, foam mattresses, and hygiene kits. Two Fokker F27 aircrafts were also supplied to help assist the transportation of relief supplies at a cost of $40,000. The United States Department of Defense sent military personnel to the affected areas from November 4–8. During that time, more than 155,000 lbs (70,306 kg) of relief supplies was airlifted to the affected communities. The United Sates embassy in Honduras also provided a C-12 Huron aircraft to transport 3,000 lbs (1,360 kg) to Puerto Lempira.[54] A total of $500,000 was sent in the form of relief supplies and transport to Honduras from

Hurricane Beta (2005)
USAID.[58] The Spanish Government offered a C-130 Hercules containing emergency supplies to Honduras. The World Food Programme pre-positioned 509 tons (461.7 tonnes) of food to be used in temporary shelters and recovery activities. The government of Great Britain offered humanitarian assistance, consisting of 1,500 plastic bags, 1,800 jerrycans, one helicopter, five boats, 250 military personnel, and five medical assistants.[59]

Naming and records
When Tropical Depression Twenty-six was upgraded to Tropical Storm Beta, it was the first time that the second letter of the Greek alphabet was used for a tropical cyclone. Upon being named, it was the first time that an Atlantic hurricane season had produced 24 tropical or subtropical cyclones. Operationally, Beta was the record-breaking 13th hurricane, surpassing the 12 hurricanes produced in 1969. In the post-season analysis by the National Hurricane Center, Tropical Storm Cindy was upgraded to a hurricane, thus making Beta the 14th hurricane of 2005.[60][61] Due to the relatively low impact caused by Beta, the name was not retired by the World Meteorological Organization in the spring of 2006 and remains on the auxiliary list of names in the event that another Atlantic hurricane season produces more than 21 storms.[62]

See also
• List of tropical cyclones • List of Atlantic hurricanes • List of 2005 Atlantic hurricane season storms • Timeline of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season

References
[1] Lixion A. Avila (October 21, 2005). "Tropical Weather Outlook: October 21, 2005 08Z". National Hurricane Center. ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/ tropical/Outlook-A/2005/Oct/ 2005102108.ABNT20. Retrieved on December 28, 2005. [2] Richard Knabb (October 21, 2005). "Tropical Weather Outlook: October 21, 2005 15Z". National Hurricane Center.

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ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/ tropical/Outlook-A/2005/Oct/ 2005102115.ABNT20. Retrieved on December 28, 2005. [3] Richard Knabb and Mainelli (October 22, 2005). "Tropical Weather Outlook: October 22, 2005 15Z". National Hurricane Center. ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/ pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-A/2005/ Oct/2005102215.ABNT20. Retrieved on December 28, 2005. [4] ^ Richard J. Pasch; David P. Roberts (2006-03-28). "Tropical Cyclone Report, Hurricane Beta, 26-31 October 2005" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCRAL272005_Beta.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-12-27. [5] Jack Beven (October 25, 2005). "Tropical Weather Outlook: October 25, 2005 15Z". National Hurricane Center. ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/ tropical/Outlook-A/2005/Oct/ 2005102515.ABNT20. Retrieved on December 28, 2005. [6] Jack Beven (October 26, 2005). "Tropical Weather Outlook: October 26, 2005 15Z". National Hurricane Center. ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/ tropical/Outlook-A/2005/Oct/ 2005102615.ABNT20. Retrieved on December 28, 2008. [7] Richard Knabb (October 27, 2005). "Tropical Storm Beta Discussion Two". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ dis/al262005.discus.002.shtml?. Retrieved on January 14, 2009. [8] Jack Beven (October 27, 2005). "Tropical Storm Beta Discussion Three". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ dis/al262005.discus.003.shtml?. Retrieved on January 14, 2009. [9] Lixion A. Avila (October 29, 2005). "Tropical Storm Beta Discussion Nine". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ dis/al262005.discus.009.shtml?. Retrieved on January 14, 2009. [10] Stacy Stewart (October 20, 2005). "Hurricane Beta Discussion Ten". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ dis/al262005.discus.010.shtml?. Retrieved on January 14, 2009.

Hurricane Beta (2005)

[11] Jack Beven (October 29, 2005). "Hurricane Beta Discussion Eleven". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ dis/al262005.discus.011.shtml?. Retrieved on January 14, 2009. [12] Jack Beven (October 30, 2005). "Hurricane Beta Discussion Twelve". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ dis/al262005.discus.012.shtml?. Retrieved on January 14, 2009. [13] Richard Knabb (October 30, 2005). "Hurricane Beta Discussion Fourteen". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ dis/al262005.discus.014.shtml?. Retrieved on January 14, 2009. [14] James Franklin (October 30, 2005). "Hurricane Beta Discussion Fifteen". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ dis/al262005.discus.015.shtml?. Retrieved on January 14, 2009. [15] James Franklin (October 30, 2005). "Tropical Storm Beta Discussion Sixteen". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ dis/al262005.discus.016.shtml?. Retrieved on January 14, 2009. [16] Ivan Castro (October 27, 2005). "Tropical Storm Beta bears down on Central America". redOrbit.com. http://www.redorbit.com/news/ international/286507/ tropical_storm_beta_bears_down_on_central_america index.html. Retrieved on December 29, 2008. [17] United Nations (October 27, 2005). "Tropical Storm Beta Becomes 23rd Named Storm in 2005". Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. http://ochaonline.un.org/ OchaLinkClick.aspx?link=ocha&DocId=1003927. Retrieved on December 29, 2008. [18] ^ Staff Writer (October 30, 2005). "Nicaragua evacuates thousands as Hurricane Beta approaches". International Herald Tribune. http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/10/30/ america/web.1030beta.php. Retrieved on October 4, 2008. [19] Richard Knabb (October 27, 2005). "Tropical Depression Twenty-Six Intermediate Advisory One-A". National Hurricane Center.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ pub/al262005.public_a.001.shtml?. Retrieved on October 3, 2008. [20] Richard Knabb (October 27, 2005). "Tropical Storm Beta Public Advisory Two". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ pub/al262005.public.002.shtml. Retrieved on October 3, 2008. [21] ^ Jack Beven (October 27, 2005). "Tropical Storm Beta Public Advisory Three". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ pub/al262005.public.003.shtml. Retrieved on October 3, 2008. [22] ^ Staff Writer (October 29, 2005). "Beta hits island of Providencia". CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/2005/WEATHER/ 10/28/beta/. Retrieved on September 30, 2008. [23] Associated Press (October 27, 2005). "Island Evacuates Before Beta Strikes". Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/ story/0,2933,173660,00.html. Retrieved on December 28, 2008. [24] Avila (October 26, 2005). "Tropical Depression Twenty-Six Public Advisory One". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/ pub/al262005.public.001.shtml. Retrieved on October 3, 2008. [25] AFP (October 30, 2005). "Nicaragua orders evacuations as hurricane looms". ABC News Online. http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/ 200510/s1493859.htm. Retrieved on October 4, 2005. [26] ^ Staff Writer (October 30, 2005). "Hurricane Beta reaches Category 3 intensity". CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/ 2005/US/10/29/saturday/ index.html?section=cnn_latest. Retrieved on October 5, 2008. [27] ^ AFX News (October 30, 2005). "Hurricane Beta hits Nicaragua". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/finance/feeds/afx/ 2005/10/30/afx2307339.html. Retrieved on October 3, 2005. [28] "Nicaragua - Tropical Storm Beta". Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. October 28, 2005. http://cidi.org/ disaster/05b/ixl166.html. Retrieved on December 29, 2008. [29] Office of the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Honduras (October 29, 2005). "Tropical Storm "Beta" Situation

Hurricane Beta (2005)
Report No.1". United Nations. http://www.disaster-info.net/saludca/ desastresCR/Huracanes/Huracan-Beta/ Informes%20honduras/ Sitrep%201%20SNU%2029-10-05.doc. Retrieved on December 27, 2008. [30] Reuters (October 30, 2005). "Hurricane Beta strengthens". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/news/world/ hurricane-beta-strengthens/2005/10/30/ 1130607150739.html. Retrieved on October 4, 2008. [31] ^ "Colombia and Nicaragua: Hurricane Beta" (PDF). International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. 2005-10-31. http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/rpts05/ BetaME1.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-12-26. [32] Bayardo Mendoza (October 30, 2005). "Hurricane Beta Pounds Nicaragua Coast". redOrbit.com. http://www.redorbit.com/news/general/ 289054/ hurricane_beta_pounds_nicaragua_coast/. Retrieved on December 29, 2008. [33] ^ Hal Pierce and Steve Lang (2005). "2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season Marches On With Alpha and Beta". Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (NASA). http://trmm.gsfc.nasa.gov/ publications_dir/beta_05_rain.html. Retrieved on January 13, 2009. [34] (Spanish) Patricia Ramírez y Eladio Zárate (2006). "2005 Año de récords hidrometeorológicos en Centroamérica" (PDF). Comité Regional de Recursos Hidráulicos del Istmo Centroamericano. http://www.aguayclima.com/biblioteca/ crrh-sicca_clima_2005_extremos.doc. Retrieved on 2008-12-28. [35] (Spanish) Alberto Rodríguez-Ramírez y María Catalina Reyes-Nivia (April 3, 2008). "Evaluación Rápida de los Effectos del Huracán Beta en la Isla Providencia" (PDF). Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras InveMar. http://www.scielo.org.co/pdf/ mar/v37n1/v37n1a14.pdf. Retrieved on December 26, 2008. [36] Associated Press (October 30, 2005). "Beta Drenches Central America". Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/story/ 0,2933,173973,00.html. Retrieved on September 30, 2008. [37] ^ "Colombia: Floods" (PDF). Colombia Red Cross Society. November 18, 2005. http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/rpts05/

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hurricane Beta (2005)

MEcofl1.pdf. Retrieved on December 26, Hurricane_Beta_dissipating_over_Nicaragua. 2008. Retrieved on December 28, 2008. [38] John L. Guiney and Miles B. Lawrence. [48] Xinhua News (October 31, 2005). Hurricane Mitch. National Hurricane "Hurricane Beta hits Nicaragua, triggers Center Retrieved on February 24, 2007. heavy rains in Honduras, Costa Rica". [39] Dan Brown. Tropical Cyclone Report for People’s Daily Online. Tropical Depression Sixteen (2008). http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/ National Hurricane Center Retrieved on 200511/01/eng20051101_218172.html. November 26, 2008. Retrieved on December 29, 2008. [40] Jack Beven. Tropical Cyclone Report: [49] Action by Churches Together Hurricane Felix. National Hurricane International (November 18, 2005). "ACT Center Retrieved on January 18, 2008. Appeal Nicaragua - Hurricane Beta [41] Daniel P. Brown. Tropical Cyclone LACE 53". Reliefweb. Report: Tropical Storm Alma. National http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/ Hurricane Center Retrieved on db900SID/ November 29, 2008. EVOD-6J9KK8?OpenDocument. [42] Martin Parry, and Osvaldo Canziani Retrieved on January 13, 2009. (2008). "Climate Change 2007" (PDF). [50] Office for the Coordination of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Humanitarian Affairs (November 30, Change. http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/ 2005). "ACT Appeal Central America assessment-report/ar4/wg2/ Hurricane Beta - LACE 53 (Revision 1)" ar4-wg2-chapter13.pdf. Retrieved on (PDF). ReliefWeb. http://ochaDecember 26, 2008. gwapps1.unog.ch/rw/RWFiles2005.nsf/ [43] Plan (November 2, 2005). "Nicaragua: FilesByRWDocUNIDFileName/ Current issues facing communities". EVOD-6JMK2P-act-hnd-30nov.pdf/$File/ ReliefWeb. http://ocha-gwapps1.unog.ch/ act-hnd-30nov.pdf. Retrieved on rw/rwb.nsf/db900sid/ December 29, 2008. KKEE-6HRSGK?OpenDocument&query=Hurricane%20Beta&emid=TC-2005-000185-NIC. [51] Reuters (November 2, 2005). "Hundreds Retrieved on December 29, 2008. evacuated as more rain drenches [44] Xinhua News (October 31, 2005). Honduras". ReliefWeb. http://ocha"Hurricane Beta hits Nicaragua, triggers gwapps1.unog.ch/rw/rwb.nsf/db900sid/ heavy rains in Honduras, Costa Rica". NKUA-6HRTWM?OpenDocument&query=Hurricane% People’s Daily Online. Retrieved on December 29, 2008. http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/ [52] Ministry of Foreign Affairs (November 200510/31/eng20051031_217948.html. 18, 2005). "Colombia, A Positive Retrieved on December 29, 2008. Country". Coordination of Internal and [45] (Spanish) Gustavo Álvarez Y Valeria External Communication Affairs. Imhof (October 31, 2005). "“Beta” se http://www.consuladodecolombiasydney.org.au/ ensañó en tres municipios". El Nuevo Files/ Diario. http://www.miskito-nicaragua.de/ ENERO_20_DE_2006_ENGLISH_VERSION.doc. news/20051031beta7.htm. Retrieved on Retrieved on December 26, 2008. December 29, 2008. [53] ^ "OCHA Situation Report No. 4 [46] Hannah GivenWilson (November 14, Nicaragua:Hurricane Beta". Office for 2005). "US$2.1 million required to repair the Coordination of Humanitarian infrastructure damage from Beta". Affairs. November 3, 2005. Nicaragua News Service. http://cidi.org/disaster/05b/ixl177.html. http://www.tulane.edu/~libweb/ Retrieved on December 26, 2008. RESTRICTED/NICANEWS/ [54] ^ "Latin America and the Caribbean 2005_1108.txt. Retrieved on December –Hurricane Season 2005" (PDF). United 28, 2008. States Agency for International [47] Deutsche Presse-Agentur (October 31, Development. November 10, 2005. 2005). "Hurricane Beta dissipating over http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Nicaragua". Monsters and Critics. humanitarian_assistance/ http://www.monstersandcritics.com/ disaster_assistance/countries/lac/fy2006/ news/americas/news/ lac_hu_fs02_11-10-2005.pdf. Retrieved article_1058642.php/ on December 26, 2008.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hurricane Beta (2005)

[55] ^ "Nicaragua (Caribbean) - Hurricane Sitrep%202%20SNU%2030-10-05.doc. Beta - October 2005" (PDF). Office for Retrieved on 2008-12-26. the Coordination of Humanitarian [60] National Hurricane Center Hurricane Affairs. December 12, 2008. Research Division (April 1, 2008). http://ocha.unog.ch/fts/reports/PDF/ "Atlantic hurricane best track OCHA_R24_E14985.PDF. Retrieved on ("HURDAT")". National Oceanic and December 29, 2008. Atmospheric Administration. [56] "Emergency Responses and Relief 2005 http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hurdat/ Disbursements". The United Church of tracks1851to2007-apr08.txt. Retrieved Canada. September 3, 2008. on January 4, 2009. http://www.united-church.ca/ [61] Stacy R. Stewart (February 14, 2006). communications/news/response/ "Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane 2005_disbursements. Retrieved on Cindy" (PDF). National Hurricane December 26, 2008. Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/ [57] Direct Relief International (November TCR-AL032005_Cindy.pdf. Retrieved on 30, 2005). "Nicaragua: Direct Relief’s January 11, 2009. programme activities update Nov 2005". [62] National Oceanic and Atmospheric ReliefWeb. http://ocha-gwapps1.unog.ch/ Administration (2006). "Dennis, Katrina, rw/rwb.nsf/db900sid/ Rita, Stan, and Wilma "Retired From List RMOI-6KF3RN?OpenDocument&query=Hurricane%20Beta&emid=TC-2005-000185-NIC. of Storm Names". National Hurricane Retrieved on December 29, 2008. Center. http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/ [58] Bureau of International Information stories2006/s2607.htm. Retrieved on Programs, U.S. Department of State January 14, 2009. (2006-01-16). "The United States Gives Latin America $21 Million in Disaster Relief". FindLaw. • NHC’s Tropical Cyclone Report on http://news.findlaw.com/wash/s/ Hurricane Beta 20060113/20060113165214.html. • NHC’s Advisory Archive for Hurricane Retrieved on 2008-12-26. Beta [59] Office of the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Honduras (2005-10-30). Tropical cyclones of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane "Tropical Storm "Beta" Situation Report season No.2". United Nations. A B C D E F G H I 10 J K L M N O http://www.disaster-info.net/saludca/ P R 19 S Un T 22 V W Αα Ββ Γγ Δδ Εε Ζζ desastresCR/Huracanes/Huracan-Beta/ Informes%20honduras/

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Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hurricane_Beta_(2005)" Categories: 2005 Atlantic hurricane season, 2005 meteorology, Category 3 Atlantic hurricanes, Hurricanes in Nicaragua This page was last modified on 20 May 2009, at 18:28 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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