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Storage of Flammables on Your Worksite

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					Storage of Flammables on Your
           Worksite




         P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
         First thing first not last
• One do you have adequate fire protection on site,
  check make sure first
• Two is the product stored – does it need special
  consideration ( like not in direct sun light)
• Three READ the MSDS sheets
• Four are you Dangerous Goods- HazMat Trained
• DO THE SITE HAZARD ASSESSMENT INCLUDING
  SECURITY

                 P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                            Yes we do

In our jobs we routinely rely upon chemicals to get the work done. But just
as important as the safe handling of these chemicals, is their safe storage.

Failure to properly store flammable and combustible materials can cause a
fire, explosion, or personal injury.




                          P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
        What Are Flammable and Combustible
                     Materials?
Flammable and combustible materials are solids, liquids or gases that ignite near sparks or open
    flames.

Flammable materials include:
    – Gasoline
    – Thinners
    – Adhesives
    – Paint
    – Dust
    – Powders
    – Acetylene

Generally speaking, flammable materials will ignite (catch fire) and easily burn at normal
   temperatures.

Flammable liquids:
    – Have flashpoints below 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
    – Are labeled as Class IA, IB, or IC liquids.


                                 P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
        What Are Flammable and Combustible
                     Materials?
Combustible materials include:
    –   Fuel oils
    –   Hydraulic fluid
    –   Kerosene
    –   Ethylene Glycol
    –   Mineral Oil
    –   Mineral Solvent

Generally speaking combustible materials may catch fire if heated and/or
  exposed to an external flame.

Combustible liquids:
    – Have flash points above 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
    – Are labeled as Class II, IIIA, or IIIB liquids.


                           P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                 Storage Options
What do the regulations state plus your local bylaw and
 insurance requirements




                     P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                  Tanks – In General
• Must be made of steel (unless they fit the exception as noted.)

• Must have three feet between any two tanks housing flammable or
  combustible liquid.

• Must have a pressure relieving system.

• Are around tank must be provided with drainage or dike.

• Must be on a firm foundation.




                          P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
            Tanks – Outside Above Ground

• Area around tank(s) must be free of weeds, debris and other combustible
  material not necessary to storage.

• Storage area must be graded to divert possible spills away from buildings
  or surrounded by a curb at least six inches high.

• If curbs are used provisions must be made for draining accumulations of
  ground or rainwater of spills of flammable or combustible materials.

• Drains must stop in a safe location and must be accessible during
  operation in the event of a fire.




                          P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                          Diked Area
• Must be large enough to hold the contents of the largest tank within the
  area (assuming the tank is full.)

• Walls must be made of earth, steel, concrete or solid masonry and be
  liquid tight.




                         P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                          Safety Cans
• Must have a spring closed lid and spout cover.

• Must be designed to prevent spills and to relieve internal pressure of
  expanding vapors.

• Must have a maximum safe capacity of five gallons (except for Class 1A
  and this has a safe capacity of two gallons.)




                          P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
         Storage Cabinet – Metal
• Capacity – cannot store more than 60 gallons of Class I
  and Class II liquids or not more than 120 gallons of Class
  III liquids.
• Must be labeled “FLAMMABLE – KEEP FIRE AWAY.”
• Must be made of at least number 18 gauge sheet iron.
• Must be double walled with 1 ½ inch air space.
• The door must have a 3 point lock.
• The door must be raised at least 2 inches above the
  bottom of the cabinet.




                    P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
         Storage Cabinet – Metal
• Should be equipped with two vents, on opposite
  sides of the cabinet, to protect contents from
  external fires.
• All contents should be in closed containers.
• If the cabinet begins to deteriorate, replace it.
• Do not repaint or make repairs to the cabinet.
• Shelving should be fitted with a raised lip or tilted
  slightly backward so containers won’t slip off the
  edge.



                    P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
       Storage Cabinet - Wooden
• Capacity – cannot store more than 60 gallons of Class I
  and Class II liquids or not more than 120 gallons of Class
  III liquids.
• Must be made of an approved grade of plywood that is at
  least 1 inch in thickness.
• Joints must be rabbetted and fastened in two directions
  with flathead wood screws.
• If more than one door is used must have a rabbetted
  overlap of not less than 1 inch.



                    P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
         Storage Cabinet - Wooden
•   All contents should be in closed containers.
•   If the cabinet begins to deteriorate, replace it.
•   Do not repaint or make repairs to the cabinet.
•   Shelving should be fitted with a raised lip or tilted
    slightly backward so containers won’t slip off the
    edge.




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           Inside Storage Room
• All openings need self closing fire doors.
• Room must have gravity or mechanical exhaust
  ventilation system.
• Room must have one clear aisle that is at least three
  feet wide.
• Containers over thirty gallons in capacity may not be
  stacked one upon the other.




                   P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
            Inside Storage Room
• Ensure storage doesn’t limit safe egress.’
• Post “NO SMOKING” signage.
• If wood is used for shelving, dunnage or racks, it
  must be at least one inch in thickness.




                   P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
            In Case of Emergency

• Class B fire extinguishers should be used for flammable or
  combustible liquids.

• Class D fire extinguishers are the best defense for fires
  involving flammable solid materials. Sand can also be used to
  smother this type of fire.

• Have emergency spill and evacuation plans up to date and
  ensure employees have been trained.



                     P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
         Safety Tips/Best Practices
• Obtain and READ the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) for
  all of the materials you work with.

• Be aware of the hazards (fire/explosion, chemical reactivity)
  of the materials you work with.

• Keep ignition sources such as smoking, open flames, static
  electricity, cutting and welding, grinding, hot surfaces,
  electrical and mechanical sparks, lightning, etc., away from
  flammable and combustible material storage and work areas




                      P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
       Safety Tips/Best Practices
• Use the smallest amount of flammable liquid
  necessary in the work area.

• Keep storage areas cool and dry.

• Incompatible sources should be stored apart. You
  don’t want to store a water reactive chemical next to
  a sink, or oxides next to flammables, etc.




                  P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
       Safety Tips/Best Practices
• Use approved containers for disposal of rags and
  other work.

• Use approved equipment, including labeled safety
  containers.

• Keep containers closed when not in use.



                  P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
        Safety Tips/Best Practices
• Bond and ground metal containers when transferring
  flammable and combustible liquids.

• Practice good housekeeping and equipment maintenance.
  Keep area clear of burnable materials.

• Wear the proper personal protective equipment (PPE). This
  information can be located on the MSDS.




                    P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
       Safety Tips/Best Practices
• Provide emergency spill cleanup equipment.

• Know how to handle emergencies (fires, spills,
  personal injury) involving the flammable and
  combustible liquids you work with.

• Provide emergency eyewash/showers in chemical
  storage areas.



                  P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                          Conclusion

Accidents caused by improper chemical storage can be
  prevented.

Read labels, follow MSDS recommendations, and use common
  sense. Enforce safe chemical storage procedures.




                     P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
Storing Flammables and
     Combustibles
    Are they secure


       P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada

				
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Description: safety