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Education_in_the_Philippines

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									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Education in the Philippines

Education in the Philippines
Entrance Examinations (CEE), after which they enter collegiate school (3 to 5 years). Other types of schools do exist, such as Private schools, Preparatory schools, International schools, Laboratory High Schools and Science High Schools. Also, several nationalities, such as the Chinese, British, Americans, and the Japanese also have their own schools. The school year in the Philippines starts in June of one year and ends in March of the next, with a two-month summer break for April and May, one week of semestral break (the last week of October), and a week or two of Christmas break. In 2005, the Philippines spent only about US$138 per pupil compared to US$1,582 in Singapore, US$3,728 in Japan, and US$852 in Thailand.[1]

Demographics of the Philippines

Education Religions Languages Peoples Filipino
Ivatan Ilocano Igorot Ibanag Pangasinan Kapampangan Aeta Sambal Tagalog Bicolano Mangyan Palawan tribes Visayan Ati Chavacano Lumad Moro Bajau Mestizo Chinese Spanish Africans Americans Arabs Europeans Indonesians Japanese Jews Koreans South Asians Spaniards

History and development
Earlier times
Further information: Ancient Philippine scripts As early as in pre-Spanish times, education was informal, unstructured, and devoid of methods. Children were provided more vocational training and less academics (3 Rs) by their parents and in the houses of tribal tutors.

Spanish period
Major changes in education system happened during the Spanish colonization. The tribal tutors were replaced by the Spanish Missionaries. Education was religion-oriented. It was for the elite, especially in the early years of Spanish colonization. Access to education by the Filipinos was later liberalized through the enactment of the Educational Decree of 1863 which provided for the establishment of at least one primary school for boys and girls in each town under the responsibility of the municipal government; and the establishment of a normal school for male teachers under the supervision of the Jesuits. Primary instruction was free and the teaching of Spanish was compulsory. Education during that period

Education in the Philippines has similar features to that of the United States. Filipino children enter public school at about age four, starting from Nursery up to Kindergarten. At about seven years of age, children enter a primary school (6 to 7 years). This is followed by secondary school (4 years). Students then sit for the College

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was inadequate, suppressed, and controlled. By 1898, enrollment in schools at all levels exceeded 200,000 students.[2]

Education in the Philippines
Two decades later, enrollment in elemetary schools was about 1 million from a total of 150,000 students in 1901.[2]

First Republic
The defeat of Spain by American forces paved the way for Aguinaldo’s Republic under a Revolutionary Government. The schools maintained by Spain for more than three centuries were closed for the time being but were reopened on August 29, 1898 by the Secretary of Interior. The Burgos Institute in Malolos, the Military Academy of Malolos, and the Literary University of the Philippines were established. A system of free and compulsory elementary education was established by the Malolos Constitution.

Japanese occupation
Japanese educational policies were embodied in Military Order No. 2 in 1942. The Philippine Executive Commission established the Commission of Education, Health and Public Welfare and schools were reopened in June 1942. On October 14, 1943, the Japanesesponsored Republic created the Ministry of Education. Under the Japanese regime, the teaching of Tagalog, Philippine History, and Character Education was reserved for Filipinos. Love for work and dignity of labor was emphasized. On February 27, 1945, the Department of Instruction was made part of the Department of Public Instruction.

American period
Further information: Thomasites An adequate secularized and free public school system during the first decade of American rule was established upon the recommendation of the Schurman Commission. Free primary instruction that trained the people for the duties of citizenship and avocation was enforced by the Taft Commission per instructions of President McKinley. Chaplains and non-commissioned officers were assigned to teach using English as the medium of instruction. A highly centralized public school system was installed in 1901 by the Philippine Commission by virtue of Act No. 74. The implementation of this Act created a heavy shortage of teachers so the Philippine Commission authorized the Secretary of Public Instruction to bring to the Philippines more than 1,000 teachers from the United States called the Thomasites between 1901 to 1902. These teachers were scattered throughout the islands to establish barangay schools.[2] The high school system supported by provincial governments, special educational institutions, school of arts and trades, an agricultural school, and commerce and marine institutes were established in 1902 by the Philippine Commission. In 1908, the Philippine Legislature approved Act No. 1870 which created the University of the Philippines. Eventually, by virtue of the Reorganization Act of 1916, the Filipinization of all department secretaries except the Secretary of Public Instruction was sustained.[3]

After World War II
In 1947, by virtue of Executive Order No. 94, the Department of Instruction was changed to Department of Education. During this period, the regulation and supervision of public and private schools belonged to the Bureau of Public and Private Schools.

Marcos era
In 1972, the Department of Education became the Department of Education and Culture by Proclamation 1081. Following a referendum of all barangays in the Philippines from 10-15 January 1973, on 17 January 1973 President Marcos ratified the 1973 Constitution by Proclamation 1102. The 1973 Constitution set out the three fundamental aims of education in the Philippines, to: • foster love of country; • teach the duties of citizenship; and • develop moral character, self discipline, and scientific, technological and vocational efficiency..[4] On 24 September 1972, by PD No 1, the Department of Education, Culture and Sports was decentralized with decision-making shared among thirteen regional offices.[5] The Education Act of 1982 provided for an integrated system of education covering both formal and non-formal education at all levels. Section 29 of the Act sought to upgrade education institutions’ standards to achieve quality education, through voluntary accreditation for schools, colleges, and universities.

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Sections 16 & 17 upgraded the obligations and qualifications required for teachers and administrators. Section 41 provided for government financial assistance to private schools.[6] The Act also created the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports. In 1978, by PD No 1397, the Department of Education and Culture became the Ministry of Education and Culture.

Education in the Philippines
Development Act of 1994, creating the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), which absorbed the Bureau of Technical-Vocational Education plus the National Manpower and Youth Council, and supervises non-degree technical-vocational programs.[15] DECS retained responsibility for all elementary and secondary education.[16] This threefold division became known as the trifocal system of education in the Philippines. The trifocal education system of the Philippines In August 2001, Republic Act 9155, otherwise called the Governance of Basic Education Act, was passed transforming the name of the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS) to the Department of Education (DepEd) and redefining the role of field offices (regional offices, division offices, district offices and schools). RA 9155 provides the overall framework for (i) school head empowerment by strengthening their leadership roles and (ii) school-based management within the context of transparency and local accountability. The goal of basic education is to provide the school age population and young adults with skills, knowledge, and values to become caring, self-reliant, productive and patriotic citizens.[3] In January 2009, DepEd signed a memorandum of agreement with the United States Agency for International Development to seal $86 million assistance to Philippine education, particularly the access to quality education in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), and the Western and Central Mindanao regions.[17]

Fifth Republic
On 2 February 1987, a new Constitution for the Philippines was ratified. Section 3, Article XIV of the 1987 Constitution contains the 10 fundamental aims of education in the Philippines.[7] In 1987 by virtue of Executive Order No. 117, the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports, became the Department of Education, Culture and Sports . The structure of DECS as embodied in EO No. 117 remained practically unchanged until 1994. On 26 May 1988 Congress enacted Republic Act 6655, the Free Public Secondary Education Act of 1988, which manndated free public secondary education commencing in the school year 1988-1989.[8][9] On 26 May 1988 Congress enacted RA 6655 which made free public secondary education to become a reality.[10] On 3 February 1992, Congress enacted Republic Act 7323, which provided that students aged 15 to 25 may be employed during summer or Christmas vacation with a salary not lower than the minimum wage. 60% of the wage is to be paid by the employer and 40% by the government.[11][12] + On 3 February 1992, Congress enacted RA 7323 which provided that students aged 15 to 25 may be employed during summer or Christmas vacation with a salary not lower than the minimum wage. 60% of the wage is to be paid by the employer and 40% by the government.[13] The Congressional Commission on Education (EDCOM) report of 1991 recommended the division of DECS into three parts. On 18 May 1994, Congress passed Republic Act 7722, the Higher Education Act of 1994, creating the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), which assumed the functions of the Bureau of Higher Education, and supervises tertiary degree programs.[14] On 25 August 1994, Congress passed Republic Act 7796, the Technical Education and Skills

Levels of education
Level/Grade Preschool Various optional programs, such as Head Start Pre-Kindergarten Kindergarten Elementary School 1st Grade 2nd Grade 3rd Grade 4th Grade 6–7 7–8 8–9 9–10 Under 6 Typical age

4-5 5-6

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5th Grade 6th Grade High school 1st year high school(Freshman) 2nd year high school (Sophomore) 3rd year high school (Junior) 4th year high school (Senior) Post-secondary education Tertiary education (College or University) Ages vary (usually four years, referred to as Freshman, Sophomore, Junior and Senior years) Ages vary 12-13 13-14 15-16 16–17 10–11 11–12

Education in the Philippines
The teaching medium in the vast majority of all local schools is English. Filipino is considered only as a second language, and is used only in the Makabayan, and Filipino subjects. Outside of Manila, other languages such as Cebuano, Bicolano, and Waray, are also used in the teaching of Makabayan. International schools generally use English in all subjects. Chinese schools add two language subjects, such as Min Nan Chinese and Mandarin Chinese. A few private schools mainly catering to the elite include Spanish in their curriculum. Meanwhile, Arabic is used in Islamic schools. All primary-level students generally graduate with a knowledge of two or three languages. Primary students traditionally sit for the National Elementary Achievement Test (NEAT) administered by the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS). It was intended as a measure of a school’s competence, and not as a predictor of student aptitude or success in Secondary school. Hence, the scores obtained by the student in the NEAT is not used as a basis in his or her admission into Secondary school. During 2004, when DECS was officially converted into the Department of Education (DepEd), and also, as a result of some reorganization, the NEAT was abolished. As of 2006, only private schools have entrance examinations for Secondary school. The National Elementary Achievement Test (NEAT) was changed to National Achievement Test (NAT) by the Department of Education (DepEd). Both the public and private elementary schools take this exam to measure a school’s competency

Vocational education Graduate education Adult education

Primary school
Primary school is also called Elementary school. It consists of six levels, with some schools adding an additional level (level 7). The levels are grouped into two primary subdivisions, Primary-level, which includes the first three levels, and Intermediate-level, which includes the last three levels. Primary education in the Philippines covers a wide curriculum. The core subjects (major subjects) include Mathematics, Sciences, English, Filipino (the Filipino language), and Makabayan (Social Studies, Livelihood Education, Values). Other subjects include Music, Arts, and Physical Education. Starting at the third level, Science becomes an integral part of the core subjects. On December 2007, Philippine president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo announced that Spanish is to make a return as a mandatory subject in all Filipino schools starting in 2008.[18][19] In private schools, the subjects include Mathematics, English, Science, Social Studies, Basic Computer, Filipino, Music, Arts and Technology, Home Economics, Health, Physical Education, and in Catholic schools, Religion or Christian Living. International schools and Chinese schools have additional subjects, especially in their language and culture.

Secondary school
Secondary education in the Philippines is largely based on the American schooling system. It consists of four levels. Secondary schooling is compartmentalized, meaning, each level focuses on a particular ’theme or content’. Secondary school is often called simply as ’High school’, and as such, this will be the prevailing word in this section. The first year of High school includes five core subjects, namely, Algebra I, Integrated Science, English I, Filipino I, and Philippine History I. The second year of High school includes Algebra II, Biology, English II, Filipino II, and Asian History. The third year of High school includes Geometry, Chemistry,

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Filipino III, and World History and Geography, and the fourth year of High school has Calculus, Trigonometry, Physics, Filipino IV, and Economics. Other minor subjects include Health, Advanced Computer, Music, Arts, Technology and Home Economics, and Physical Education. In exclusive schools, various languages are offered as Electives, together with Computer programming, Literary writing, as well as other subjects. Chinese schools add language and cultural subjects. Preparatory schools usually add some Business and Accountancy courses, while Science high schools have Biology, Chemistry, ad Physics on every level. Secondary students traditionally sit for the National Secondary Achievement Test (NSAT), which is originally tailored as a counterpart of the American SAT, and is administered by the Department of Education (DepEd). Like its primary school counterpart, it was eventually phased-out after major reorganizations in the said department. As of now, there is no government-sponsored entrance examination for Tertiary schools, and all schools, public or private, administer their own College Entrance Examinations (CEE). After finishing secondary education, students have a choice of either continuing their education by taking two or three years of vocational courses, or going to college or university.

Education in the Philippines

Xavier Hall, administration building - Ateneo de Manila University

St. La Salle Hall, De La Salle University

Regional Science High Schools Technical and Vocational School
Technical/ Vocational school is school offering courses practically to enhance skills. Schools and their curriculum were accredited and approved by TESDA. They offer short program or two year - course on technology courses like automotive technology, electronic technology, nursing aide, hotel and restaurant management, computer technology, drafting ,etc. Upon graduation of these courses, students take a licensure examination from TESDA to obtain a certificate or diploma.

U.P. Diliman, the flagship campus of the U.P. System India, Pakistan, and other European countries like Sweden and Italy . Most Korean students are transients, studying for the first two or three years in the Philippines to have a working knowledge of English, and then transferring abroad to the United States for

Tertiary education
Tertiary education in the Philippines is more cosmopolitan, with thousands of international students enrolling here, the vast majority of which come from United States, South Korea,

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Education in the Philippines
(Jesuit), De La Salle University (Christian Brothers), Don Bosco Technical College (Salesian), and the University of Santo Tomas (Dominican). However, there are also nonCatholic not-for-profit sectarian institutions such as Silliman University (Protestant), Trinity University of Asia (Anglican), and New Era University (Iglesia Ni Cristo). Non-sectarian private schools, on the other hand, are corporations licensed by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Some of them are also registered on the Philippine Stock Exchange.[23]

Main building façade, University of Santo Tomas, Manila degrees, but many still complete their tertiary education in the country.

Accreditation
Most tertiary institutions, generically called higher education institutions by the Commission on Higher Education of the Philippines (CHED) are licensed, controlled, and supervised by CHED. Records from CHED showed that the country had 1,494 private institutions and 522 state-run colleges and universities, a total of 2016 HEI’s as of December 17, 2007. [24] Accreditation for Private institutions Voluntary accreditation of all institutions is subject to the policies of the Commission on Higher Education. Voluntary accrediting agencies in the private sector are the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities (PAASCU), the Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities’ Commission on Accreditation (PACUCOA), and the Association of Christian Schools, Colleges and Universities Accrediting Association Inc. (ACSCU-AAI) which all operate under the umbrella of the Federation of Accrediting Agencies of the Philippines (FAAP), which itself is the organization authorized by CHED.[25] All of the institutions accredited by these three agencies authorised by FAAP are private institutions. Under CHED’s Revised Policies and Guidelines on Voluntary Accreditation in Aid of Quality and Excellence and Higher Education, there are four levels of accreditation, with Level IV being the highest.[26] Accreditation can be either of programs or of institutions. Almost all accreditation is of programs. However, two private universities have been granted Level IV institutional status by PAASCU (as authorised by FAAP), namely the Ateneo de Manila

Classification
Higher education institutions in the Philippines are either colleges or universities, and they are generally classified either as public or private. Colleges are tertiary institutions that typically offer one or a few specialized courses, for example, in the sciences or in liberal arts, whereas universities are tertiary institutions housing several constituent colleges or institutes, each offering academic degree programs of a particular type (i.e., college of commerce, college of law, college of dentistry, college of education, etc.). Public tertiary education Public universities are all non-sectarian entities, and are further classified as State University and College (SUC) or Local College and University (LCU)." SUCs are fully funded by the national government as determined by the Philippine Congress. The University of the Philippines, being the "national university,"[20][21] enjoys the biggest chunk of the budget among the 456 state colleges and universities. LCUs, on the other hand, are run by local government units. The Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila is first and largest among the LCUs.[22] Private tertiary institutions Private colleges and universities may either be "sectarian" or "non-sectarian" entities. Institutions may be not-for-profit, or profit oriented. Most private schools are not-for-profit Catholic like Adamson University (Vincentian), the Ateneo de Manila University

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University[27][28][29] and the De La Salle University[30]. Accrediation for Public institutions Some of the government-supported institutions have banded themselves to a National Network of Quality Assurance Agencies (NNQAA) composed of the Accrediting Association of Chartered Colleges and Universities of the Philippines (AACCUP) and the Association of Local Colleges and UniversitiesCommission On Accreditation (ALCU-COA). AACCUP, as well as PAASCU [31] are active member of the International Network of Quality Assurance Agencies for Higher Education, (INQAAHE), and both are members of the Asia Pacific Quality Network.[25] The Technical Vocational Education Accrediting Agency of the Philippines (TVEAAP) was established and registered with the Securities Exchange Commission on 27 October 1987. On 28 July 2003, the FAAP board accepted the application of TVEAAP to affiliate with the Federation [32]

Education in the Philippines
• Ateneo de Manila University • Centro Escolar University • De La Salle University • Miriam College • St. Joseph’s College of Quezon City • Saint Louis University,Baguio City • University of St. Louis,Tuguegarao City • University of Santo Tomas 1 year, 15 November 2007 to 14 November 2008 • Ateneo de Zamboanga University • Baliuag University • Central Philippine University • Holy Name University • San Beda College • Silliman University • St. Paul University Manila • St. Paul University Dumaguete • St. Scholastica’s College • University of San Carlos • University of San Jose-Recoletos • University of St. La Salle Deregulated status Deregulated status enjoy the same privilege as autonomy except that they must still secure permits for new programs and campuses.[34] The following schools have been granted deregulated status:[37] 5 years, 15 November 2007 to 14 November 2012 • Ateneo de Naga University • Jose Rizal University 1 year, 15 November 2007 to 14 November 2008 • Adamson University • Far Eastern University • Manuel S. Enverga University • Notre Dame University • St. Mary’s University • Universidad de Sta. Isabel • University of Baguio • University of the Cordilleras • University of the East • University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos

Autonomy and Deregulation
In an effort to rationalize its supervision of institutions of higher learning, CHED has also prescribed guidelines for granting privileges of autonomy and deregulation to certain schools. According to the guidelines, the general criteria examined by CHED are an institution’s "long tradition of integrity and untarnished reputation," "commitment to excellence," and "sustainability and viability of operations." [33] Autonomous status Autonomous status allows universities to design their own curricula, offer new programs and put up branches or satellite campuses without having to secure permits, confer honorary degrees, and carry out operations without much interference from CHED.[34] Aside from all host state colleges and universities and other chartered public universities, such as the University of the Philippines, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, and Mindanao State [35][36] University, a number of private schools have also been granted autonomous status. These include the following:[37] 5 years, 15 November 2007 to 14 November 2012 • Assumption College • Ateneo de Davao University

Rankings and league tables
There are no set methods for ranking institutions in the Philippines. Aside from comparisons in terms of accreditation, autonomy, and centers of excellence awarded by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), there are attempts to rank schools based on performance in board exams conducted by the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC).

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The PRC and CHED sometimes publish reports on these results. In 2007, a report by the PRC and CHED covering a ten-year period[38] identified the University of the Philippines, Diliman, University of the Philippines, Los Baños, and University of the Philippines, Manila as the top three performing schools based on PRC exams. They were followed by Silliman University (4th), the Ateneo de Davao University (5th), the Ateneo de Manila University (6th), the University of Santo Tomas (7th), Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology (8th), Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (9th), St. Louis University (10th), University of San Carlos (11th), Xavier University (12th), Mindanao State University-Main (13th), Urios College (14th), Polytechnic University of the Philippines (15th), De La Salle University (16th), Mapua Institute of Technology (17th), Adamson University (18th), Central Mindanao University (19th) and University of Southern Philippines (20th)[38] Internationally, the Ateneo de Manila University, De La Salle University, the University of the Philippines, and the University of Santo Tomas are the only Philippine universities that had been regularly listed as among the region and world’s top universities in league tables and surveys such as in the now-defunct Asiaweek university rankings (which last ranked universities in 1999 and 2000),[39][40], and the THES-QS World University Rankings in 2005, 2006, and 2008.[41] In the 2007 THES-QS rankings, only UP and the Ateneo remained in the THES-QS rankings’ top 500.[34][42] In 2008, Ateneo, La Salle, UP, and UST once again placed in the rankings, with the Ateneo ranked 254th in the world, UP at 276th while De La Salle University and the University of Santo Tomas both placed in the Top 401-500 category[43] Ateneo and UP were also ranked among the top 100 universities worldwide in the field of the arts and humanities.[44] The THES-QS rankings are mainly based on peer review survey,[45] while the Asiaweek rankings were measured on the university’s endowment and resources.[46] QS 2009 Top Asian Universities 16 Philippine schools have been included or participated in the survey for the 2009 QS Asian University rankings: Adamson University, the Ateneo de Davao University,

Education in the Philippines
the Ateneo de Manila University, Central Mindanao University, De La Salle University, Father Saturnino Urios University, the Mapua Institute of Technology, Mindanao State University, the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, St. Louis University, Silliman University, the University of the Philippines, the University of San Carlos, the University of Santo Tomas, the University of Southeastern Philippines, and Xavier [47] Unlike the THE-QS world uniUniversity. versity rankings, the QS 2009 Asian University Rankings is limited in scope to Asian institutions, surveys only parties in Asia,[48], and utilizes different criteria compared to those used in the THE-QS rankings.[49]. Given these criteria, three Philippine schools ranked among the top 100: the University of the Philippines (63rd), De La Salle University (76th), and the Ateneo de Manila University (84th). In the subject areas, four Philippine universities figured in the region’s top 100: For Arts and Humanities, the University of the Philippines (12th), the Ateneo de Manila University (19th), De La Salle University (44th), and the University of Santo Tomas (55th) were recognized.[50] For Life Sciences and Biomedicine, the University of the Philippines (47th), the Ateneo de Manila University (52nd), De La Salle University (79th), and the University of Santo Tomas (85th) were recognized.[51] For Natural Sciences, the Ateneo de Manila University (24th),the University of the Philippines (32nd), the University of Santo Tomas (94th), and De La Salle University (97th) were recognized.[52] For Social Sciences, the University of the Philippines (22nd), the Ateneo de Manila University (28th), De La Salle University (51st), and the University of Santo Tomas (75th) were recognized.[53] For IT and Engineering, the University of the Philippines (63rd), the Ateneo de Manila University (64th), and De La Salle University (79th) were recognized.[54] For other indicators, Philippine schools made it to the top 100 in all but three of the ranking criteria (student-faculty ratio, papers per faculty, and citations per paper). There are other university rankings based on different methodologies and criteria. In the Webometrics Ranking of World Universities by a Spanish research body, which measures a university’s Internet presence and the volume of research output freely accessible online, has UP and La Salle ranked ahead of

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other local universities. On the other hand, in the Shanghai Jiao Tong University Academic Ranking of World Universities, which is based on Nobel Prize winners, Fields medals for mathematicians, highly cited researchers, or articles in Nature or Science; and, the École des Mines de Paris rankings, which is according to the number of alumni who are the CEOs of the Fortune 500 companies, do not have Philippine universities in the top 500.[34] Views of the rankings Rankings such as the THES-QS have been received with mixed reactions. In 2006, Ang Pamantasan, the official student paper of Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, published the university’s criticism on the rankings, saying that the THES-QS criteria do not apply to the unique landscape of each participating universities, and that such rankings say nothing or very little about whether students are actually learning at particular colleges or universities.[55] On the same year, the University of the Philippines, through its University President Emerlinda Román, expressed that it does not want to participate in the THES-QS Ranking, but was included in 2007 with an incomplete academic profile.[56] Two years later, UP questioned the validity of the 2008 THES-QS rankings, claiming that the methodology used was "problematic," and cited the Ranking Systems for Universities and Institutions: A Critical Appraisal, which found out that the Times simply asks 190,000 ‘experts’ to list what they regard as the top 30 universities in their field of expertise without providing input data on any performance indicators, as one of the bases for rejecting the said survey.[57] Furthermore, the UP said that THESQS refused to divulge how and where the data were taken from,[58] and instead, advised the university to advertise at the THESQS website for US$ 48,930 publicity package.[57] CHED Chairperson Emmanuel Angeles, on the other hand, commended all four Philippine universities that made it to the list. He also suggested that Philippine schools would get better in the future THESQS rankings if they choose to advertise in the THES-QS publications and when budgetary allocations for faculty and researchers, particularly at UP, would become better in the coming years.[58]

Education in the Philippines

Other schools
Chinese schools
Chinese schools add two additional subjects to the core curriculum, Hôa-gí??(Chinese grammar and literature) and Tiĉng-hàp?? (Chinese communication). Some add two more, namely, Chinese History and Chinese Culture. Still, other Chinese schools called cultural schools, offer Confucian classics and Chinese history as part of their curriculum. Notable Chinese schools include Makati Hope Christian School located along Don Chino Roces Avenue (formerly known as Pasong Tamo Extension) in Makati; Saint Jude Catholic School and St. Peter the Apostle School, Chinese Catholic schools near Malacañang; Philippine Tiong Se Academy, Philippine Cultural College, Chiang Kai Shek College, St. Stephen’s High School, Hope Christian High School in Sta. Cruz, Manila and Uno High School, secondary and tertiary institutions in [[Binondo[[, Manila; Jubilee Christian Academy, Grace Christian College, Immaculate Conception Academy, Xavier School, primary, secondary, and tertiary schools in San Juan, Metro Manila; and Leyte Progressive High School in Tacloban.

Islamic schools
In 2004, the Department of Education adopted DO 51 putting in place the teaching of Arabic Language and Islamic Values for (mainly) Muslim children in the public schools. The same order authorized the implementation of so-called Standard Madrasah Curriculum (SMC) in the private madaris (Arabic for schools, the singular form is Madrasah). While there has been recognized Islamic schools, i.e. Ibn Siena Integrated School (Marawi), Sarang Bangun LC (Zamboanga) and SMIE (Jolo), their Islamic studies varies.With the DepEd-authorized SMC, the subject offering is uniform across these private Madaris. Since 2005, the AusAID-funded DepEdproject Basic Education Assistance for Mindanao (BEAM) has assisted a group of private madaris seeking government permit to operate (PTO) and implement the SMC. To date, there are 30 of these private madaris scattered throughout Regions XI, XII and the ARMM.

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The SMC is a combination of the RBEC subjects (English , Filipino, Science, Math and Makabayan) and the teaching of Arabic and Islamic studies subjects. • Region XI - Pilot Integrated Madrasah (Davao Oriental), Al-Munawwara Islamic School (Davao City) • Region XII - WAMY Academy (Gensan), Kumayl LC (Koronadal), Darul Uloom (Tamontaka, Cotabato City), Al-Nahdah Academy (Campo Muslim, Cotabato City), SKC Madrasah Abubakar (Bagua, Cotabato City) and Sultan Kudarat Academy (Sinsuat Ave, Cotabato City) • ARMM (Marawi City) - Jamiato Janoubel Filibbien, Jamiato Marawi al-Islamia, Khadijah Pilot Madrasah, Princess Jawaher IS • ARMM (Lanao del Sur) - Ma’had Montashir (Masiu), Ma’had Aziziah and Sha’rawi LC (Butig), Madrasah Falah alKhayrie (Lumba Bayabao), Ma’had Lanao (Malabang), As-Salihein Integrated School (Tamparan),others. • ARMM (Maguindanao Valley) - Ibn Taymiyyah Academy (Shariff Kabunsuan), Ma’had Maguindanao (Ampatuan), Madrasah Datu Tahir (Mamasapano), Ma’had Rahmanie Al-Islamie (Sharif Aguak). Through the philanthopy of Governor Datu Andal Ampatuan and his family, Ma’had Rahmanie is being redesigned and re-constructed to position it to become the premier institution of integrated learning in the ARMM. When the whole infrastructure development is done, it will be renamed Shariff Aguak Ibn Ampatuan Memorial Academy. • ARMM (Island Provinces) - Ma’had Da’wah (Lamitan City), Kulliyato Talipao (Talipao, Sulu), CHILD Madrasah (Bongao, Tawi-Tawi). The CHILD Madrasah is a special project and laboratory school of the MSU-TCTO College of Islamic and Arabic Studies (CIAS).

Education in the Philippines
• Category:Educational institutions in Manila • Category:Educational institutions in Quezon City • Category:Graduate schools in the Philippines • Category:Law schools in the Philippines • Category:Liberal arts colleges in the Philippines • Category:Roman Catholic universities and colleges in the Philippines • Category:Schools of medicine in the Philippines • Category:Women’s universities and colleges in the Philippines • Category:Filipino educators

References
[1] Saving Philippine education. Accessed Aug. 19, 2008. [2] ^ Country Studies: Philippine Education. Accessed January 24, 2009. [3] ^ the Department of Education of the Philippines [4] Doris D Tulio, Foundations of Education 2, 2nd Ed, National Book Store, Mandaluyong City, 2008, ISBN 971-08-6866-7 p120 [5] Doris D Tulio, Foundations of Education 2, 2nd Ed, National Book Store, Mandaluyong City, 2008, ISBN 971-08-6866-7 p121 [6] Doris D Tulio, Foundations of Education 2, 2nd Ed, National Book Store, Mandaluyong City, 2008, ISBN 971-08-6866-7 pp121-122 [7] Doris D Tulio, Foundations of Education 2, 2nd Ed, National Book Store, Mandaluyong City, 2008, ISBN 971-08-6866-7 p123 [8] Doris D Tulio, Foundations of Education 2, 2nd Ed, National Book Store, Mandaluyong City, 2008, ISBN 971-08-6866-7 p124 [9] Republic Act No. 6655, Chan Robles Law Library. [10] Doris D Tulio, Foundations of Education 2, 2nd Ed, National Book Store, Mandaluyong City, 2008, ISBN 971-08-6866-7 p124 [11] Doris D Tulio, Foundations of Education 2, 2nd Ed, National Book Store, Mandaluyong City, 2008, ISBN 971-08-6866-7 p124

See also
• List of colleges and universities in the Philippines • Legal education in the Philippines • Medical education in the Philippines • Technical Education and Skills Development Authority • Category:Business schools in the Philippines

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[12] Republic Act No. 7323, Chan Robles Law [25] ^ A new era for higher education Library. accreditation in RP. Accessed August 19, [13] Doris D Tulio, Foundations of Education 2008. 2, 2nd Ed, National Book Store, [26] CHED Memorandum Order 1-2005 Mandaluyong City, 2008, ISBN [27] Ateneo de Manila University Institutional 971-08-6866-7 p124 Bulletin, published in 2007. [14] Republic Act No. 7722, Chan Robles Law [28] Ateneo de Manila University 2006, 2007, Library. 2008 Executive Planners [15] Republic Act No. 7796, Chan Robles Law [29] The Guidon, October 2005 Issue. Library. [30] PAASCU awards DLSU Level IV status, [16] Doris D Tulio, Foundations of Education De La Salle University, 2, 2nd Ed, National Book Store, http://www.dlsu.edu.ph/offices/iaa/ Mandaluyong City, 2008, ISBN articles/dlsu_paascu.asp, retrieved on 971-08-6866-7 p124 2009-01-15 [17] James Konstantin Galvez; Llanesca T. [31] http://www.dlsu.edu.ph/offices/iaa/ Panti (January 15, 2009), US provides paascu2006primer.asp $86-M aid for quality education, The [32] Nilo E Colinares, Philippine Education in Manila Times, the Third Millenium, 6Ns Enterprises, http://www.manilatimes.net/national/ Manila, 2005, p283 2009/jan/15/yehey/prov/ [33] CHED Memorandum Order No. 52, 20090115pro1.html, retrieved on Series of 2006. Last accessed 30 October 2009-01-15 2008. [18] Álvaro VanEgas (August 8, 2007), GMA [34] ^ GMA NEWS.TV, RP universities get considering reinstating Castilian as low rankings; La Salle, UST dropped out official in the Philippines, proyectosof Top 500 saluda.org, http://www.proyectos[35] Chartered Colleges and Universities. saluda.org/ [36] CMO No.18, series of 1999. index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=285&Itemid=122, [37] ^ CHED Memorandum Order No. 59, retrieved on 2009-01-15 (Translation Series of 2007. Last accessed 30 October from Castilian original) 2008. [19] Luis Pinel (December 26, 2007), Spanish [38] ^ "UP is no. 1 based on PRC exams". UP to be reintroduced as school subject in Newsletter, Vol. XXVIII, No. 09. the Philippines, tresculturasspanish.net, September 01, 2007. http://tresculturasspanish.net/2007/12/ [39] Asiaweek 2000 rankings Asiaweek.com. 26/spanish-to-be-reintroduced-as-schoolAccessed Aug. 8, 2008. subject-in-the-philippines/, retrieved on [40] Asiaweek 1999 rankings. Accessed Aug. 2009-01-15 8, 2008. [20] About UP, University of the Philippines [41] THES-QS World University Rankings. System Website. Accessed April 27, [42] Ateneo de Manila University officials 2007. react to 2007 THES results. Last [21] Republic Act 9500 An Act to Strengthen accessed 13 October 2008. the University of the Philippines as the [43] 2008 THES-QS Rankings. Last accessed National University. Retrieved May 20, 13 October 2008. 2008. [44] 2008 THES-QS Rankings in Arts & [22] "Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila Humanities. Last accessed 13 October Pamantasan 41st Founding Anniversary". 2008. The Manila Bulletin Online. 2006-06-19. [45] THES-QS: Methodology. Archived from the original on [46] Asiaweek: Overall rankings 2006-06-19. http://www.mb.com.ph/ [47] http://www.topuniversities.com/schools/ issues/2006/06/19/ List of schools OPED2006061967216.html. Retrieved on [48] http://www.topuniversities.com/ 2006-12-25. worlduniversityrankings/ [23] CEU stocks. Accessed Aug. 10, 2008. asianuniversityrankings/indicators00/ [24] Accessed January 07, 2008. simple_overview/ QS Asian University Rankings Overview

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Education in the Philippines

[49] http://www.topuniversities.com/ asianuniversityrankings/ worlduniversityrankings/ subject_rankings_asian_university_rankings/ asianuniversityrankings/indicators00/ social_sciences/ qscom_asian_university_rankings_vs_the_qs_world_university_rankings/ [54] http://www.topuniversities.com/ QS vs. THE-QS rankings worlduniversityrankings/ [50] http://www.topuniversities.com/ asianuniversityrankings/ worlduniversityrankings/ subject_rankings_asian_university_rankings/ asianuniversityrankings/ it_engineering/ subject_rankings_asian_university_rankings/ [55] "PLM administration criticizes the THESarts_humanities/ QS Survey." Ang Pamantasan, Vol. XXVII [51] http://www.topuniversities.com/ No. 2. September 01, 2006. worlduniversityrankings/ [56] Leticia Peñano-Ho, Who Should Tell Us asianuniversityrankings/ Who We Are?, University of the subject_rankings_asian_university_rankings/ Philippines System Website. Accessed life_sciences_biomedicine/ May 6, 2007. [52] http://www.topuniversities.com/ [57] ^ UP Questions Validity of the THES and worlduniversityrankings/ QS university rankings. October 28, asianuniversityrankings/ 2008. subject_rankings_asian_university_rankings/ [58] ^ CHED hails rankings of 4 RP natural_sciences/ universities. Philippine Daily Inquirer. [53] http://www.topuniversities.com/ October 16, 2008. worlduniversityrankings/

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