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Bob Riley

Bob Riley
Bob Riley

52nd Governor of Alabama Incumbent Assumed office January 20, 2003 Lieutenant Preceded by 1st Term – Lucy Baxley 2nd Term – Jim Folsom, Jr. Don Siegelman

Republican Party. He is the current Governor of Alabama, first elected in 2002, and re-elected during the 2006 mid-term election.[1] Riley was born in Ashland, Alabama, a small town in Clay County where his family ranched and farmed for six generations. Riley attended the University of Alabama, graduating with a degree in business administration. Riley is married to Patsy Adams Riley, also from Ashland. The couple has four children (one of whom is deceased) and seven grandchildren. Riley was first elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1996, defeating his Democratic opponent, State Senator T.D. "Ted" Little (Auburn, Ala.) and Libertarian John Sophocleus. Riley served as a representative of Alabama’s 3rd congressional district from 1997 to 2003.

2002 Gubernatorial election
Riley did not run for re-election to the House in November 2002 (as a supporter of term limits, he imposed a three-term limit on himself), instead running for Governor of Alabama and defeating the Democratic incumbent by approximately 3,000 votes - the narrowest margin in the state’s history for a gubernatorial race. The result was controversial, as the initial election night count showed a 2,000-plus vote victory for Riley’s opponent, Don Siegelman.

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama’s 3rd district In office January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2003 Preceded by Succeeded by Born Political party Spouse Residence Alma mater Profession Religion Glen Browder Mike D. Rogers October 3, 1944 (1944-10-03) Ashland, Alabama Republican Patsy Riley Ashland, Alabama University of Alabama automobile dealer, real estate developer Baptist

Amendment One
In the first year of his administration, Riley proposed "Amendment One", which would have made swift changes to the state’s tax system. The plan essentially consisted of income tax breaks for lower brackets, offset by various tax hikes on consumption, property and income from higher brackets. Part of the problem that this plan sought to address was the strong dependence the Alabama tax system placed upon sales tax, which makes the state budget dependent upon the economy in the state. The plan was estimated to yield an

Robert Renfroe "Bob" Riley (born October 3, 1944) is an American politician in the


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overall state revenue increase of $1.2 billion per year.[2] The plan also included accountability reforms, including changes to teacher tenure policies, accountability for school systems, and bans on pass-through pork. This plan also included provisions for a scholarship program for Alabama students to attend college and funding of other education initiatives. Support as well as opposition for this plan came from traditionally opposing forces in Alabama, crossing party lines. This included support from pro-business organizations, including the Business Council of Alabama and many Chambers of Commerce, as well as prominent education organizations, including the Alabama Education Association. Other progressively-minded non-profit groups supported this plan, including many organizations that had sought changes in the Alabama tax system for many years. These organizations saw this as an opportunity for Alabama to invest in the future of the state through investments in education and governmental reforms. Riley also presented this plan using Christian terms, building upon language already present in the state to argue that the Alabama tax system placed the heaviest burden upon the poorest citizens of the state. Opponents to the plan included the Alabama chapter of the Christian Coalition (splitting with the national Christian Coalition who endorsed the plan), and the Alabama Farmers Federation (ALFA). A number of the people who opposed this plan, included both organizations mentioned, had strongly supported Riley for Governor in 2002. These opponents based a campaign upon a criticism of the state legislature and used the complexity of the plans to claim that taxes would go up on people in the state. While proponents had pointed to studies of the plan showing the majority of Alabamians seeing a lower overall tax burden, polls indicated that most citizens - likely influenced by the proposed property tax increase - believed their personal taxes would be higher under the plan. Amendment One was rejected by voters on September 9, 2003, with 68 percent opposed. While Riley’s Amendment One was soundly rejected by Alabama voters, it did gain him national recognition. For his leadership in addressing the state’s fiscal crisis, Governor Riley was named the “Public Official of the Year” by Governing magazine[3] in 2003, and

Bob Riley
Time magazine hailed him for being one of the nation’s “most courageous politicians.”[4] The overwhelming rejection of this plan forced Riley to mend fences within his own base and seek to do some reforms without the broad tax increases that Amendment One sought. Some parts of the proposal have been enacted, such as efforts to raise the minimum tax threshold in Alabama.

Industrial development
Riley has claimed credit for helping to spur economic development in Alabama. Riley points to the opening of an aeronautics engineering facility in Mobile by EADS, the parent company of Airbus, which may ripen into an aircraft assembly plant if EADS secures future contracts.[5] Riley’s critics have pointed out that Riley has failed to emulate the success of predecessors, such as Siegelman – during whose administration the Hyundai plant was successfully recruited[6][7] – and Jim Folsom, Jr., in securing automotive manufacturing plants. Specifically, when Kia announced in March 2006 it would build a maunfucturing plant in Georgia,[8] Riley was criticized by Siegelman,[9] for Alabama’s failure to mount a serious bid for the plant. Under Riley’s administration, unemployment in Alabama fell from 5.3% in January, 2003 when Riley took office to 3.3% in March, 2006.[10] This rate was the lowest ever recorded since statistics began being tracked in 1976 and was among the nations lowest.[11] In April 2007 the unemployment rate once again reached 3.3 percent. [1] However, recent labor statistics provided by the Alabama Department of Industrial Relations indicate that under Governor Riley, Alabama’s unemployment nearly tripled to a seasonally adjusted rate of 8.4% in February 2009. The rates for seasonally adjusted and unadjusted range from 7.8 to 8.9 percent for January and February 2009. [12] Critics have claimed that recent developments are a consequence of national economic recovery and pointed to the loss of thousands of Alabama’s historic textile jobs under Riley. Nevertheless, the state under Riley’s administration was recognized as "State of the Year" by Southern Business and Development magazine four years in a row and received other awards for competitiveness, job creation and economic development.[13]


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Among other honors, Worldwide Interactive Network named the Alabama Office of Workforce Development the No. 1 U.S. employee development agency and Expansion Management magazine has ranked Alabama Industrial Development Training No. 1 among workforce training programs.[14] Riley’s Alabama Bureau of Tourism & Travel received the National Council of State Tourism Directors’ annual Mercury Award recognizing its "Year of Alabama Food" as the nation’s top tourism campaign.[15] In May 2007, Riley announced that ThyssenKrupp would build a $4.2 billion state-of-the-art steel mill north of Mobile, Alabama, the largest economic announcement in Alabama’s history, and largest corporate project in U.S. history. The mill, to be operational in 2010, will employ 29,000 during construction and 2,700 once it is opened. [2]

Bob Riley
Choctaw Indians, which operated competing casinos.[20] Riley has denied knowing the source of this funding. As part of his plan to provide open government, Riley has posted on the Governor’s website the monthly expenditures from the Governor’s Contingency Fund and the quarterly flight logs from all state airplanes. [3] As Governor, Riley oversaw 15 executions in Alabama, more than any of his predecessors since 1983 (see Capital punishment in Alabama).

2006 Re-election campaign
In 2003, Alabama state politics gained national attention when the chief justice of the Alabama Supreme Court, Roy Moore, refused to remove a monument of the Ten Commandments from the rotunda of the court building. Riley reportedly supported Moore, but ultimately did not play a large role in the dispute. Riley stated there was nothing he could do to prevent Moore from being removed from office by a judicial ethics panel. Moore challenged Riley in the June 6, 2006 GOP primary. In May 10, 2005, Riley’s approval ratings were 36% approving and 52% disapproving of his job as governor.[21]. By September 20, 2005, Riley’s approval ratings had increased substantially to 58 percent approving and 38% disapproving.[22] Analysis of this increase seems to indicate that it may be attributed to the public’s perception of Riley’s response to Hurricane Katrina. By February 14, 2006, Riley’s approval ratings had slightly decreased, with 52% approving and 43% disapproving of his job as governor.[23] As of August, 2006, his approval rating is at 62% with a disapproval rating of 35%.[24] Property tax appraisals became a major campaign issue with Riley’s opponents claiming that Riley, acting through his revenue commissioner, ordered that property tax appraisals be made annually, rather than the quadrennial reappraisals that were established practice. Because property values tend to increase over time, making appraisals more frequent has the indirect effect of increasing the taxes paid by property owners. Riley’s opponents claimed that by doing so, he raised taxes without a vote of either the

Other issues
In 2005, Governor Riley was criticized by some Mobile County residents after issuing that area of the state a "mandatory" evacuation order in advance of Hurricane Dennis’ landfall. Residents felt the issue was better addressed during Hurricane Katrina using a layered approach with sections of the county evacuated instead of the entire county. On August 28, 2005, Governor Riley declared a state of emergency for the approaching Hurricane Katrina. On the same day, he requested president George W. Bush to declare "expedited major disaster declaration" for six counties of south Alabama, which was approved by the evening of August 29. 350 national guardsmen were called on duty as of August 30.[16] On November 9, 2005 Riley called for a citizens’ boycott of Aruba, alleging that the local government was engaged in a cover-up of the disappearance of Natalee Holloway.[17][18] In November 2005, Riley was linked to the Jack Abramoff scandal when his former Congressional press secretary, Michael Scanlon, pleaded guilty to conspiracy in the matter. It further emerged that, as a Congressman, Riley signed a letter on behalf of the U.S. Family Network, opposing expansion of casino gambling in Alabama.[19] The U.S. Family Network was revealed to be an Abramoff front, funded by the Mississippi Band of


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Legislature or the people.[25] Riley claims he is merely following the language of the law, and the advice of his[26]attorneys. See Alabama gubernatorial election, 2006.

Bob Riley

Motor America. 2002-04-02. hyundainews/corporat31.htm. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. [8] "Kia Motors To Open Plant In Georgia". CBS News. 2006-03-12. 03/12/business/ Alabama gubernatorial election, 2002 main1391772.shtml?CMP=OTCParty Candidate Votes % ±% RSSFeed&source=RSS&attr=Business_1391772. Republican Bob Riley 672,225 49.2 +8.1 Retrieved on 2006-10-08. Democratic Don Siegel- 669,105 48.9 -8.1 [9] "With trial set to start Monday, man Siegelman campaigns in a hurry". (Incumbent) Opelika-Auburn News. 2006-04-28. Libertarian John 23,272 1.7 -Satellite?pagename=OAN/MGArticle/ Sophocleus OAN_BasicArticle&c=MGArticle&cid=113783564592 See Alabama gubernatorial election, 2002. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. Alabama gubernatorial election, 2006 [10] "Alabama Econstats". Party Candidate Votes % ±% 2006-06-01. Republican Bob Riley 717,287 58.03 +8.83 BLS/blsla/blsla_cn_1_m1.htm. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. (Incumbent) [11] Democratic Lucy Baxley 518,750 41.97 -6.93 "Alabama unemployment rate last month was among nation’s lowest". Birmingham Business Journal. 2006-04-12. stories/2006/04/17/ [1] The Associated Press. "Election Results daily31.html?from_rss=1. Retrieved on from the South". 2006-10-08. [12] Template:Cite web content/article/2006/11/07/ url= AR2006110700766.html. Retrieved on CLF/ALUS.aspx title=Alabama 2006-11-08. Unemployment Statistics [2] AL tax Reform ’03 articles accessdate=[2009-04-15]] [3] "Public Officials of the Year". Governing [13] "Alabama Achievements". Economic Magazine. 2003-11-01. Development Partnership of Alabama. 2006-08-11. intro.htm. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. Alabama-Achievements.pdf. Retrieved on [4] "Alabama’s Most Courageous Politician". 2006-10-08. Time Magazine. 2003-08-15. [14] "Trade journal: AIDT No. 1 among workforce training programs". frank/article/0,9565,476249,00.html. Birmingham Business Journal. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. 2006-08-10. [5] "Mobile, state win economic accolades". 2006-05-20. birmingham/stories/2006/08/07/ business/mobileregister/index.ssf?/base/ daily26.html. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. business/114811664853990.xml&coll=3. [15] "Tourism office wins award for Retrieved on 2006-10-08. campaign". [6] "Governor speaks in South Korea". 2006-10-08. Montgomery Advertiser. 2002-06-08. eat/yof.cfm. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. specialreports/hyundai/ [16] "Riley declares state of emergency due 060802_hyundai.html. Retrieved on to Katrina threat". KATC, WorldNow. 2006-10-08. 2005. [7] "Hyundai Moto Company Announces it story.asp?S=3775450. Retrieved on Will Build". Press Release. Hyundai 2006-10-08.

Electoral history



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Bob Riley

[17] "Ala. Governor Calls for Aruba Boycott Over Holloway Case". FoxNews, AP. • Alabama Governor Bob Riley official state 2005-11-08. site story/0,2933,174934,00.html. Retrieved • Bob Riley for Governor official campaign on 2006-10-08. site [18] "The Situation Room transcript". • Biography at the National Governors 2005-11-08. Association • Biography, interest group ratings, public TRANSCRIPTS/0511/08/sitroom.03.html. statements, vetoes and campaign finances Retrieved on 2006-10-08. at Project Vote Smart [19] "The DeLay-Abramoff Money Trail". • Issue positions and quotes at On The Washington Post. 2005-12-31. Issues • Collected news and commentary at The content/article/2005/12/30/ New York Times AR2005123001480_pf.html. Retrieved on • Collected news and commentary at The 2006-10-08. Washington Post [20] "Abramoff’s web of corruption". • Follow the Money - Bob Riley 2006-01-04. • 2008 2006 2002 campaign contributions article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2006/ 01/04/EDGV9GFGJM1.DTL. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. [21] "Approval Ratings of All 50 Governors as of 5/10/05". Survey USA. 2005-05-10. 50governorsrated051005.htm. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. [22] "Approval Ratings of All 50 Governors as of 9/20/05". Survey USA. 2006-09-20. 50StateGovernorApproval0905SortedbyState.htm. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. [23] "Approval Ratings of All 50 Governors as of 9/20/05". Survey USA. 2006-02-14. 50StateGovernor060214State.htm. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. [24] "Poll Tracker". Survey USA. 2006-09-18. PollTrack.aspx?g=8cff2ad1-8645-4f49-b1aef329b62c6bcd. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. [25] "Appraisals a weapon in race for governor". The Birmingham News. 2006-05-14. birminghamnews/index.ssf?/base/news/ 1147598726219070.xml&coll=2. Retrieved on 2006-10-08. [26] "Siegelman shows political stamina". Madison Record. 2005-11-17. articles/2005/11/17/opinion/oped2.txt. Retrieved on 2006-10-08.

External links


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
United States House of Representatives Preceded by Glen Browder Political offices Preceded by Don Siegelman Preceded by Joe Biden
Vice President of the United States

Bob Riley

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives Succeeded by Mike D. Rogers from Alabama’s 3rd congressional district 1997–2003 Governor of Alabama 2003 – present United States order of precedence In Alabama Incumbent

Order of precedence in the United States of America Succeeded by Mayors of Alabama cities (if present) followed by Nancy Pelosi
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

Jill Biden
Second Lady of the United States (if present)

Preceded by Pat Quinn
Governor of Illinois

United States order of precedence Outside Alabama

Succeeded by John Baldacci
Governor of Maine

Retrieved from "" Categories: 1944 births, American farmers, FEMA critics, Baptists from the United States, People from Alabama, Governors of Alabama, Alabama Republicans, Living people, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Alabama This page was last modified on 18 May 2009, at 07:07 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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