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Aurora, Illinois

Aurora, Illinois
City of Aurora, Illinois

Location in Illinois

Country State Counties Townships

Founded Government - Mayor Area - Total - Land - Water Elevation

United States Illinois Kane, DuPage, Kendall and Will Aurora, Naperville, Wheatland, Sugar Grove, Batavia, Winfield, Oswego 1835 Tom Weisner 39.4 sq mi (102.1 km2) 38.5 sq mi (99.8 km2) 0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2) 577 –735 ft (176 m - 224 (203) m)

Downtown Aurora, IL: Fox River and Galena Boulevard dam, Paramount Theatre, Aurora Riverwalk, Civic Center, and Leland Tower Before white settlers arrived, there was a Native American village in what is today downtown Aurora, on the banks of the Fox River. In 1834, the McCarty brothers arrived and initially owned land on both sides of the river, but sold their lands on the west side. The Lake Brothers opened a mill on the opposite side of the river. The McCarty’s lived and operated their mill on the east side.[3] Aurora was originally two villages: one on the East Side of the Fox River A post office was established in 1837, officially creating Aurora. In 1857, Aurora (then what is now known as the East Side) joined with the West Side and officially incorperated.[4] The Aurora Fire Department was established in 1856, and took ownership of its first fire engine that year. The two sides couldn’t agree on which side of the river should house the public buildings, so most public buildings were built on or around Stolp Island in the middle of the Fox River. (A parking garage stands at the site of the original City Hall and Post Office.) As the city grew, many factories and jobs came to Aurora, along with many people. In 1856, the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad located its railcar construction and repair shops in Aurora to become the town’s largest employer until the 1960s. Many of the heavy industries were located on the East side which provided employment for many

Population (2007) 168,181 - Total 3,711.2/sq mi (1,432.9/ - Density km2) Time zone - Summer (DST) Website CST (UTC-6) CDT (UTC-5) http://www.aurora-il.org/

Aurora is the second largest city in the U.S. state of Illinois[1], ], with a population of 168,181 (2007 est.), and part of Chicagoland. The city refers to itself as "The City of Lights" because it was one of the first cities in the United States to implement an all-electric street lighting system in 1881. Aurora officially adopted the nickname in 1908.[2]

History
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generations of European immigrants. Many immigrants flocked to the city, mainly from Great Britain, Ireland, Scandinavia, Luxembourg, Germany, France, and Italy.The professional and managerial workers more likely came from Yankee stock and settled across the river, making the West side more affluent. Aurora became main economic center of the Fox Valley area. The combination of these three factors—a highly industrialized town, a sizable river that divided it, and the Burlington’s shops—account for much of the dynamics of Aurora’s political, economic, and social history. Both sides of Aurora still maintain a rivalry which is enacted through yearly high school football/basketball games. This is the oldest high school rivalry in the state of Illinois.[5] Beginning in the boom period, the town was inclusive and tolerant, and welcomed a variety of immigrants and openly supporting abolitionism prior to the American Civil War. Mexican migrants began arriving after 1910. Socially, the town was progressive in its attitude toward education, religion, welfare, and women. The first free public school district in Illinois was established in 1851 and a high school for girls four years later. By 1887, 20 congregations (including two African American churches) representing nine denominations were established, and a YWCA started in 1893, still in operation today.[3] The city was a manufacturing powerhouse until 1974, when the railroad shops closed. Soon many other factories and industrial areas relocated or went out of business. By 1980, there were few operating industrial areas in the city, and unemployment soared to 16%.[3] Although development of the Far East side at Fox Valley Mall brought stimulus, it helped lead to the decline of the downtown area on Stolp Island. Crime rates were up and street gangs started to form in the mid 1980’s. Many Hispanic immigrants also started coming to the city in the 1980s as well. In the late 1980s, several business and industrial parks were established on the outskirts of the city. In 1993, a casino was built downtown, which helped bring the first redevelopment to the downtown area in nearly twenty years. In the late 1990s, more development began in the rural areas outside of Aurora. Subdivisions sprouted up all around the city, especially in Dupage County, and Aurora’s population soared. Today,

Aurora, Illinois
approximately 70,000 of the city’s residents live in these areas of the city.

Economy
Aurora is on the edge of the Illinois Technology and Research Corridor. The city has a long tradition of manufacturing as does much of Chicago and its suburbs. Prominent manufacturers, past and present, included: Lyon Workspace Products, The Aurora Silverplate Manufacturing Company, Barber Greene Ltd., the Chicago Corset Company, the Aurora Brewing Company, Stephens-Adamson Company, Caterpillar Incorporated, Allsteel Metals, National Metalwares, and Western Wheeled Scraper Works (later AustinWestern Inc.). The most prominent employer and industry was the Chicago Burlington and Quincy Railroad (later Burlington Northern) which was headquartered in Aurora. The CB&Q Roundhouse is still standing, and is now the popular restaurant Walter Payton’s Roundhouse.

Aurora Area Convention & Visitors Bureau
Formed in 1987, the Aurora Area Convention and Visitors Bureau (AACVB) is a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to aggressively promoting and marketing the area as a premier overnight destination. The goal of the AACVB is to enhance the economic and environmental well-being of a region comprising ten communities: Aurora, Batavia, Big Rock, Hinckley, Montgomery, North Aurora, Plano, Sandwich, Sugar Grove and Yorkville.

Education
According to the United States Census, of Aurora’s population over the age of twentyfive, 26% hold a bachelor’s degree. Two main school systems have served the Kane County, Illinois core location of Aurora, Illinois since the 1860s, one on either side of the Fox River which physically divides the city. In addition, the far eastern portion of Aurora, within DuPage County, Illinois, has been served by Indian Prairie School District (IPSD) 204 since that district’s formation in 1972. All three of these districts (Aurora Public Schools: West Side (District 129), Aurora Public Schools: East Side (District 131) and IPSD) have their headquarters and

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administrative offices within the Aurora city limits. As of 2005 there will be no less than forty public schools within Aurora city limits, serving residents of Aurora and neighboring communities. Due to the sheer size of the city of Aurora, these are not the only three school systems serving residents - some students in the far north end of the city (north of I88 in Kane County) attend Batavia, Illinois public schools, some on the far southwest side attend the Kaneland School district (headquartered in Maple Park, Illinois), and some students in the far south end of the city (a small corner of Kane, Kendall and Will County portions) attend Oswego, Illinois public schools. 4 schools of Oswego School District #308, are located within Aurora’s city limits. Aurora is also home to the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA), a state-funded residential magnet school for grades 10 to 12. While IMSA operates under public funds (and uses the site originally designated West Aurora High School North Campus), it is managed wholly independently of the other public schools in the city of Aurora. Any Illinois student who meets admission requirements may apply to attend IMSA. Aurora is also home to a few other private schools. Within Aurora there are three Roman Catholic High Schools- Aurora Central Catholic (Diocese of Rockford), Rosary (Diocese of Rockford), and Marmion Academy (Order of St. Benedict), and 7 Catholic elementary schools operated by the Diocese of Rockford. Along with these three schools is Aurora Christian High School and Elementary School. The above-named districts have forty-six public schools within the city limits of Aurora (seventeen for District #131, thirteen for District #129, eleven for District #204, four for Oswego District #308 and the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy). Aurora is also home to twenty-two private schools including Rasmussen College, 2 branches of the Waubonsee Community College, and the main campus of Aurora University.

Aurora, Illinois
Greater Chicago is a major Hindu temple located near IMSA. Aurora also has its own zoo, Phillips Park Zoo. Aurora’s downtown is full of architectural landmarks and historic places.

The Phillips Park ’Sunken Garden’.

Museums
• • • • • • • • Aurora Historical Society Aurora Regional Fire Museum The Aurora Public Arts Commission Grand Army of the Republic Memorial Hall Phillips Park Zoo David L. Pierce Art and History Center SciTech Interactive Science Museum. Schingoethe Museum of Native American Culture

Downtown Aurora
Downtown Aurora is home to the Paramount Theatre, a large live performance theater on the National Register of Historic Places, and the Hollywood Casino. There is also the Leland Tower, a former hotel which was the tallest building in Illinois outside the Chicago city limits and is on the National Register of Historic Places. The largest collection of George Grant Elmslie (Prairie architect - studied under Louis Sullivan) commercial buildings is located here. Also located downtown is the main building of Aurora Public Library and a branch campus of Waubonsee Community College. Downtown Alive, a festival that includes live music and a variety of food booths, is held on three weekends (Friday and Saturday night) in the summer; Blues on the Fox (featuring national blues artists) is held on the Friday and Saturday of Father’s Day weekend. Roughly 8,000-13,000 people attend. The quarterly AuroraArtWalk is hosted by the Cultural Creatives - a grassroots

Landmarks
The city is the location of the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA) and Aurora University. A non-profit organization Sri Venkateswara Swami Temple of

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Theater Coulter Opera House Evans Grand Opera House Opened Closed Notes 1874 1899

Aurora, Illinois

This was Aurora’s first major Playhouse/Opera House/Theater. The building is still standing today as the Fifth Third Bank, formerly Merchants Bank, in downtown.

1891

1915

Aurora 1900 Coliseum / Fox Theater Bijou Theater / Star Theater The Strand Theater Coliseum Theater 1901

1915

Changed Name to Fox Theater in 1910. Condemned by the city in 1930.

1930

1915

1929

Burned down in 1929.

1923

1951 1928

Eighteen city blocks from the original Aurora Coliseum. Was converted into apartments and shops after 1951. Changed its name to the Rialto Theater in 1919. This was the most popular theater in Aurora at the time, but it unfortunately burned down in 1928. It was nicknamed the "Million Dollar Fire" because of the large amount of money the owners Frank Thielen and Jules J. Rubens spent converting the Dance hall to a top quality theater. It even had a bowling alley in the basement. The Paramount stands on the Rialto’s former site. Demolished soon after closing. Was one of the more popular Aurora Theaters of all time and gave competition to the Paramount theater. Also had a bowling alley. The longest lived Aurora Theater. Was built on the site of the old Rialto Theater. Went under a complete renovation in the 1970s and later in the 2000s.

Sylvandell 1915 Dance Hall / Rialto Theater

Tivoli Theater

1928

1981

Paramount 1931 Theatre New Fox Theater Isle Theater 1935 1978

A third theater in Aurora for several decades. Is closed now, but the building still stands. The building has been incorporated into the Paramount since 2006. A smaller theater next to the Leland Hotel, was demolished in 1982 and now is a park. baseball stadiums, circus acts, and race tracks. Aurora has had at least 20 theaters and playhouses in its existence. Some of the more popular were:

1938

1982

team of local artist, property owners, patrons and the City of Aurora. The Riverfront Playhouse is a not-for-profit theater that has held a storefront location in downtown Aurora since 1978.[6]

History of entertainment
Aurora has a rich history of entertainment. There were several theaters in the downtown area and several large community parks with

Commemorative street names

Sports
Aurora was once home Islanders/Blues/Foxes, a to the minor Aurora league

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Street name Blues Alley Dr. William Bonner Avenue D. Lloyd A. Hall Avenue Vernon Louis Parrington Drive Reverent Oliver Shackleford Jr. Way Location

Aurora, Illinois

Stolp Avenue between Galena Boulevard and Downer Place Pond Avenue changed to Bonner Avenue Beach Street between Claim Street and Delius Street White Avenue between Hartford Avenue and Terry Avenue Sumner Avenue between New York Street and Grand Boulevard

Reverend Robert Wesby Avenue SLincoln Avenue between New York Street and Galena Boulevard Marie Wilkinson Boulevard View Street between Illinois Avenue and Plum Street won the state championship and went on to achieve the #1 ranking of all high school girl’s soccer teams in the United States, finishing with an undefeated season. Aurora has numerous youth soccer clubs, most of which have teams represented in the top five percent of the Northern Illinois Soccer League. Numerous youth soccer players from Aurora have been awarded college scholarships to major college soccer programs throughout the U.S. In addition to this legacy of success in soccer, Aurora maintains several developmental advantages for soccer enthusiasts. Three high quality indoor soccer venues allow for year-round soccer training and competition for children and adults. Additionally, several area traveling soccer clubs, as well as high schools, boast coaches and trainers who have played soccer professionally or have been starting players for national teams from various countries. Some even played for teams that won the World Cup. Supplementing the local soccer training regimen are professional soccer trainers from England, Brazil, Holland, Scotland, and various other countries. Several of these trainers played in the English Premier League for the Brazil National Team, and for the Argentine National Team. Fastpitch softball has been in Aurora since World War II and gained popularity in 1950 when the Aurora Sealmasters finished fifth in the nation. The Sealmasters went on to win National Championships in 1959, 1961, 1965 and 1967 and World Championships in 1966 and 1968. There were many different and competitive men’s leagues in Aurora from the 1960s through the mid 1990’s. There are still a few leagues and teams playing to this day. Stonebridge Country Club, on Aurora’s far northeast side was home to the LPGA Keebler-Kellogg classic from 2002-2004.

The Paramount Theatre under renovation, downtown Aurora. baseball franchise that played from 1910-1915 in the Illinois-Wisconsin League. Their most famous player was Casey Stengel, who played one season with the team before being bought by the Brooklyn Dodgers. Stengel batted .352 and was the batting champion of the league for 1911, and also led the league with 50 stolen bases and had 27 outfield assists. The team played in a stadium on the west side in the former Riverview Park. Waubonsie Valley High School (IPSD - District 204) Soccer has won the Northern Illinois regional championship in this highly competitive region, for both boys and girls, almost every year since 1987. In 2007, the Waubonsie Valley High School girl’s team

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Stonebridge was also a course in the 1991-1995 Men’s Senior PGA tour. Aurora University has Men’s and Women’s Basketball, Golf, Tennis, Track and Field and Cross Country. It also has a men’s football and baseball team, as well as women’s softball and volleyball teams. Aurora University athletics are division III. High school athletics are a major event in the city, as East and West Aurora High Schools have been rivals in all sports for over 100 years.

Aurora, Illinois
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.4 square miles (102.1 km²), of which, 38.5 square miles (99.8 km²) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²)(2.26%) is water. While the city has traditionally been regarded as being in Kane County, Illinois, Aurora is one of only three cities in Illinois whose city limits actually cover parts of four counties (the others are Barrington Hills & Centralia, Illinois): Kane, DuPage, Kendall, and Will. Aurora is the largest city in Kane county, and about 100,000 of the city’s residents reside in Kane (and in fact its downtown is still entirely in that county). The Dupage portion of Aurora contains about 60,000 residents. Will and Kendall County together only account for a few thousand of Aurora’s total population.

Climate
The annual precipitation for Aurora is about 40 inches. The record high for Aurora is 111 °F (44 °C), on July 14, 1936. The record low is −26 °F (−32.2 °C), on January 20, 1985. The average high temperature for Aurora in July is 84 °F (29 °C), the average January low is 10 °F (−12 °C). On July 17-18, 1996, a major flood struck Aurora, with 16.9 inches (430 mm) of rain in a 24 hour period, which is an Illinois state record, and the second highest ever nationally. Flooding occurred in almost every low lying area, and in the Fox river valley. The flooding was just as bad in Blackberry creek, on Aurora’s far west side. Aurora has not been struck by any major tornadoes in recent history, although they occur in the area annually. The city can still receive heavy snowfall and experiences blizzards periodically. Aurora was hit with one of the strongest earthquakes ever to strike Illinois on May 26,1909. It put cracks through chimneys and could be felt 500,000 square miles 2) around. (1,300,000 km In 1906 a tornado went through the Aurora Driving Park, a large recreation/amusement park and race track located where riddle highlands now stands. The tornado hit during the afternoon performance of the Ringling Brothers "Greatest Show on Earth" circus, when the park was crowded . It killed 2 people and injured 22, but the grandstand was still filled for the evening performance.

Regions of Aurora
Though politically the city is divided into several wards, Aurora is generally divided into three regions: • The West Side, which is located of west of the Fox River. • The East Side, which spans the region east of the Fox river, stopping at the Dupage County line. • Fox Valley, also referred to as the Far East Side, is the portion of Aurora located east of the Dupage County line. Its name is slightly inaccurate because the region is not located on the Fox River. In fact, some parts of Fox Valley actually lie on in the Dupage River watershed. The area acquired its name because of its proximity to the Westfield Fox Valley Mall and Fox Valley Villages, one of the first housing developments to be constructed after the mall.

Neighborhoods

Infrastructure
Transportation
The city is the final stop of the Burlington Northern Santa Fe line of the Metra commuter rail system, allowing rail service into Chicago. PACE operates local bus service within Aurora six days a week (no service on Sundays) and serves other cities such as Naperville, Geneva, Batavia, Oswego, and St.

Geography
Aurora is located at 41°45′36″N 88°17′55″W / 41.76°N 88.29861°W / 41.76; -88.29861 (41.759879, -88.298482).[7]

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Neighborhood Location Description Cherry Hill Far West Side

Aurora, Illinois

An upper middle class neighborhood south of Galena Boulevard, near Blackberry Historical Farm. Cherry Hill was badly damaged in the 1996 flood, but has since recovered. A tornado related to the 1990 Plainfield Tornado storm also came close to this neighborhood, but with mostly roof and siding damage. The neighborhood surrounding the now vacant Copley Memorial Hospital. The neighborhood is east of Dutchtown and South of the Near East side. This neighborhood is one of the most densely populated in the city.

Copleyville

East Side

Downtown

Northwest Historic downtown is the heart of Aurora and is home to a numSide ber of large historic buildings dating back to the early 1900s. Downtown is located 3 miles (4.8 km) South of Interstate 88. Much of downtown Aurora was developed in the lates 1800s and houses several pieces of impressive architecture. Downtown Aurora’s declined began in the late 1970s but of late is the home of several new developments including the River Street Plaza Condo development and Downer Place Lofts. Many new businesses have opened with success, along with the Hollywood Casino. A major hotel and high rise condos are planned for the East Bank on the east side of downtown. Today still, many areas just outside downtown remain vacant due to the industrial recession of the 1980s. Downtown Aurora is the home of the famous LeLand Hotel, a 22 story building built in 1921, which housed the Sky Club, a former Blues recording studio. The building once was the tallest building in Illinois outside of Chicago. Today its used as apartments. East Side The neighborhood once predominately populated by German immigrants during the first half of the 20th century. The neighborhood is east of Copleyville and south of Uptown.

Dutchtown

Foxcroft

Far A middle class neighborhood with moderate single family homes Northwest and townhomes. It was primarily built in the 1970s and was exSide pected to be an epicenter of growth, which did not materialize for several decades. The West Aurora School district built a high school (commonly called North Campus) in 1978 to serve the population. After only a few years, the school was sold and it eventually became the Illinois Math and Science Academy state magnet school. Foxcroft is located west of Edgelawn and north of Indian Trail Road. Far East Side Southeast HomeTown Aurora is one of the most successful and awarded Side new home communities in the country. In the tradition of great American neighborhoods, HomeTown offers single-family homes at townhome prices. Traffic-calmed streets, neighborhood parks, living courts, private cul-de-sacs, gazebos, white picket fences, livable front porches and big bay windows convey the warm friendly atmosphere of small-town America. Far West Side A continuation of Sans Souci. It was built in the 1980s and 90s. Some homes are early McMansions. West of Orchard Road. This community suffered heavy damage in the 1996 flood.

Frontenac Hometown

Lakeside Sans Souci

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Little Italy

Aurora, Illinois

West Side Neighborhood once mainly populated by Italian immigrants south of downtown on the west side, near South Lake Street and West Jericho Road. The neighborhood was once home to many manufacturing jobs. One of the oldest neighborhood of Aurora. This neighborhood is located between Downtown and Uptown. There are several large older homes, some dating back to the 1870s.

Near East Side East Side

Near West Side West Side A neighborhoods on the west side of downtown. It has similar architecture and age to the near east side. Newport Hill Marywood Far East Side Northeast Orignally called Big Woods, Marywood was settled in the late Side 1800’s by immigrants from Luxombourg. The name was change to Marywood to show their devotion to Mary the mother of Jesus. The community is on the north east side on Church Road just south if I-88. East Side The former neighborhood where Romanian and other eastern European immigrants once flocked to in the late 1800s. This neighborhood is located just east of the Fox River, north of Indian creek.

Pigeon Hill

Riddle Highlands

West Side Located on the West Side, off of North Lake Street and West Illinois Ave. It’s a very charming section of the city, with large, older homes dating back to the early 1900s. The Northgate Shopping Center is located on its eastern boundary. Far West Side An upscale neighborhood built primarily in the 1960s and 70s. It has long winding streets. Many affluent residents on the West Side live here. Many of the original residents later moved to the even tonier neighborhoods in Sugar Grove, Illinois. It is found northeast of Orchard Road and Prairie Road.

Sans Souci

ScraperMoecherville Southpark Uptown

Southeast Side Southeast Side East Side The center of Aurora’s strong Hispanic culture. The area was an area just east of downtown, booming with large homes and bustling shops in the first half of the 20th century. Today, some old store fronts are still there. Railroad which provided service into Chicago. The Aurora Municipal Airport is a general aviation airport located in Sugar Grove, IL just outside of Aurora, Illinois. Although the airport is located within Sugar Grove, it is operated by the City of Aurora. The Aurora Airport is designed as a reliever airport for Chicago’s O’Hare and Midway Airports, and also handles a lot of international cargo. It is capable of landing boeing 757 aircraft.

Charles. Along with Metra trains and PACE buses, Greyhound buses also stop at the Aurora Transportation Center. Aurora does not currently have a stop for Amtrak trains, as the old station where they did stop closed in the 1980s. Aurora City Lines, the old city bus lines, was closed in the late 1980s, in favor of regional bus service. Aurora also used to have an extensive streetcar system, operated by the Aurora, Elgin and Fox River Electric Company, that served most neighborhoods. Additionally, Aurora was served by a number of interurban lines. The most prominent of these was the Chicago Aurora and Elgin

Healthcare
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Aurora, Illinois

Library
The Aurora Public Library includes the main library, two branches, a support facility and a bookmobile. The current library operations budget is $10 million and the staff numbers 85 full-time and 89 part-time employees.[8]

Media
Aurora Transportation Center Many of Aurora’s former television and radio stations were closed as stations from Chicago were favored among residents. Aurora Municipal Airport

Television
• Telefutera Channel 60 WXFT Aurora • Channel 24 W24AJ Aurora • Channel 54 W54EB Waubonsee Community College • Channel 10 ACTV Aurora • TLN Total Living Network

Radio
• AM 1280 WBIG Aurora • FM 95.9 WERV Aurora • FM 107.9 WLEY Aurora Rush-Copley Medical Center Aurora currently has two hospitals, one on the west side, Provena Mercy Medical Center, and one in Fox Valley, Rush-Copley Medical Center. There are other area hospitals, including Edward Hospital in Naperville, Delnor Hospital in Geneva, Central DuPage in Winfield and a Level 1 Trauma center at Good Samaritan in Downers Grove. Aurora at one point had three hospitals, St. Joseph Hospital, on the west side, St. Charles hospital, in uptown, and Copley Memorial Hospital, on the east side. St Joseph and St, Charles hospitals have been converted into living centers, and the old Copley hospital, which was one of the largest hospitals in the area, sits vacant. The city of Aurora recently demolished the old smokestacks from the hospital, as they were starting to crumble and fall down. Dreyer Medical and several other independent clinics and medical groups are spread throughout the city. The area surrounding Provena Mercy has evolved into a diverse healthcare district with services and offices.

Newspaper
The Beacon News has been Aurora’s Daily Newspaper since 1846. The Chicago Sun Times Newsgroup now operates the company. The Beacon prints 3 different editions : The Aurora edition, the Kendall county edition, and the Kane county edition. The paper has been recognized by the Associated press, the Northern Illinois Newspaper Association, the Illinois Press Association, and the Chicago Headline Club as one of the best daily newspapers in the state of Illinois.[9]

Crime and social issues
Crime has declined in Aurora in recent years. Crime in Aurora is at its lowest level in 30 years. Police crack down on gangs have credited this decline. Gang violence reached a high in the 1990s, with the city averaging nearly 30 murders per year. In 2008, Aurora only had 2 murders. The same number as its neighbor, Naperville to the east. In July 2007, the Aurora Police Department and the FBI conducted "Operation First Degree Burn," a sweep that resulted in the successful arrest of 31 alleged Sureno 13 gang members suspected of 22 murders dating back to the

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City of Aurora Population by year[11] [2]</ref> 1850 1870 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2007 1,200 11,162 20,000 24,147 29,800 36,300 46,589 47,200 50,600 63,715 74,200 81,293 100,279 142,990 175,952 (est.)

Aurora, Illinois

mid-1990s. Aurora has also adopted programs such as CeaseFire to reduce gang violence and prevent youths from joining gangs. Environmentally, Aurora has long dealt with pollution of the Fox River. The river was heavily polluted up until the 1970s by factories that had lined the river for over a century. Cleanup efforts have been successful with the help of state grants[10] and volunteer effort.

Demographics
As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 142,990 people, 46,489 households, and 34,215 families residing in the city. The average number of residents to one household is 3.6 residents. The population density was 3,711.5 people per square mile (1,432.9/ km²). There were 48,797 housing units at an average density of 1,266.6/sq mi (489.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 51.07% White, 19.06% African American, 0.36% Native American, 3.06% Asian American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 14.52% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 46.56% of the population.[13] There were 46,489 households out of which 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.5% were married

couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.55. In the city the population was spread out with 31.7% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 35.9% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 101.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $54,861, and the median income for a family was $61,113. Males had a median income of $41,429 versus $30,150 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,131. About 6.2% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents
Arts
• Ruth VanSickle Ford, Artist.

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• • • • • • Clive Cussler, author. Henry Gale, author. M. Miriam Herrera, author and poet. Elizabeth Linington, author. Thom Jones, Author. Phillip E. Johnson, Author.

Aurora, Illinois
• Tim Mahoney, Member of the U.S. House of representatives from Florida.

Other
• James Compton, former president and CEO of the Chicago Urban League. • G. David Tilman, ecologist. • Nathaniel Popp, the current archbishop of the Orthodox Church in America’s Romanian Episcopate. • Edna Murray, Depression-era outlaw. • James F. Phillips, Environmental Activist. • Jeffrey Skilling, former CEO of Enron Corporation. • Tom Skilling, Chicago Tribune and WGNTV meteorologist • John Drury, longtime anchor of the Chicago ’Eyewitness News’ on the Chicago ABC affiliate. • Walter E. Truemper, American war hero. • Lester W. Weber, American war hero. • Jim McGuinn, Former Radio program director. • James H. Monroe, Recipient of the Medal of Honor. • Alexander Raţiu, author, former priest and political activist.

Entertainment
• • • • • Kimberly Donley, adult model and actress. Andrea Evans, actress. Lisa Brouch Public Relations Professional Gene Greene, former ragtime entertainer. Dave Johnston, banjoist and singer for the bluegrass group Yonder Mountain String Band. Randy Shilts, author and journalist. Carl Thomas, R&B singer. Josh Gilbert, screenplay writer and actor. Maud Powell, violinist. Vernon Parrington, Pulitzer Prize winning author and former college football coach. Nicole Narain, adult model Bruce Newton, creator of children’s television show character Garfield Goose. Paul Scheuring, Screenwriter and Director. Phillip Edward Van Lear, Actor. Bobby Z, Monster Truck Driver. John Barrowman, Scottish actor. Moved to Aurora at the age of 9

• • • • • • • • • • •

Sports
• Chick Hearn, former sportscaster. • Kurt Becker, former NFL player. • Brad Childress, current NFL coach of the Minnesota Vikings. • Rich Becker, former MLB player. • Kenny Battle, former NBA player. • Don Beebe, former NFL wide receiver. • Joe Krakoski, former NFL linebacker. • Mark Catlin, former College Football Coach. • Jim Platt, College Basketball Coach. • Bob Kipper, former MLB reliever. • Chris Ziemann, NFL player. • Larry English, NFL player for the San Diego Chargers. • Mike Small, PGA golfer. • Quavas Kirk, Major League Soccer player. • Zachary Taylor Davis, architect of Old Comiskey Park and Wrigley Field. • Josh Harmony, professional skateboarder. • Jenny Jaquez, SIUE Track and Field school record holder • Randy Melvin, defensive line coach of the Cleveland Browns. • Steve Thompson, former NFL player.

Politics and Law
• Frank R. Reid, U.S. Representative from Illinois. • Scott Palmer, former Chief of Staff to U.S. Representative Dennis Hastert. • Charles Henry Dietrich, former governor of Nebraska. • Linda Chapa LaVia, member of the Illinois House of Representatives. • Chris Lauzen, member of the Illinois State Senate. • Roy Solfisburg, former Illinois Chief Justice. • Dennis Hastert, Former Speaker of the House. • Ira Clifton Copley, former United States statesman and newspaper publisher. • Lewis M. Long, Former Member of the U.S. House of representatives from Illinois. • Patricia Reid Lindner, member of the Illinois House of Representatives. • Robert W. Pritchard, member of the Illinois House of Representatives.

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• Tom Petranoff, former Olympic record holder. • Bob Johnson, former MLB pitcher. • Mario Ramos, MLB pitcher. • Roy Horstmann, former NFL player. • Marger Apsit, former NFL player. • Keith Terceira, Boxing Coach. • Billy Taylor, Head Coach, Ball State University. • Michael Bowden, MLB pitcher

Aurora, Illinois
• Johnny Depp filmed a scene from his latest movie Public Enemies at Aurora’s downtown Paramount Theater.

Gallery

Aurora in popular culture
• Wayne’s World (1992) was about two men, Wayne Campbell (Mike Myers), and Garth Algar (Dana Carvey) who lived in Aurora. The characters emerged from the television show Saturday Night Live; one of the original authors of the skit was from neighboring Naperville, Illinois, and thought Aurora had the appropriate blue collar feel desired for the characters. This underlined a long rivalry between tony Naperville and the more modest Aurora. Though most of the movie was filmed elsewhere, there are at least one or two bits that were filmed on location in Aurora[14], most notably the scene in which a White Castle is shown. • Prison Break, a FOX Network TV show has several references about Aurora, sometimes multiple times in an episode, as the show is filmed in the area. • Recently, former Kentucky Governor Ernie Fletcher used Aurora in an anti-casino ad in his unsuccessful re-election campaign. Governor Fletcher referred to Aurora as a good town gone bad, because of the casino. Contrary to the ad, the casino helped revitalize Aurora after the industrial recession of the 1980s. • The 1986 film Let’s Get Harry used some establishing shots of the New York Street Memorial Bridge. • The 2002 Film Children on Their Birthdays was filmed in a large Victorianera home on Aurora’s WestSside, although the story is supposed to have taken place in Alabama. • President George W. Bush was the second sitting president to visit Aurora, Illinois on July 7, 2006. The first was Theodore Roosevelt in 1904.[15]

Leland Tower, the tallest buildVictory ing in Aurgoddess ora from statue on Memorial New York Street Bridge, built 1931. bridge. Note figure repNow dirresenting ectly in "Memory" front of Hollywood on Memorial Bridge Casino

The Paramount Theatre, Waubonsee Community College building, and Leland Tower

Aurora has a number of buildings with historic architectural details, such as these terracotta tiles

The Aurora Public Library, main branch, remodelled 1969

The Old Aurora Post Office, now home to SciTech Museum

Detail of unusual Mayan revival motif on the oldElk’s Building, the building currently houses the Aurora Election Commission.

References
• Aurora, Illinois in the Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago • Aurora Fire Department history honoring its 150th anniversary, in 2006. • [3]

Notes
[1] http://www.aurora-il.org/ economicdevelopment/demographics.php [2] Fun Aurora Facts The Aurora Historical Society [3] ^ Encyclopedia of Chicago

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[4] Fun Aurora Facts-Aurora Historical Society [5] Fun Aurora Facts-Aurora Historical Society [6] Riverfront Playhouse Official Site [7] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/ www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [8] Aurora Public Library [9] Beacon News :: About Us :: [10] http://www.opportunityreturns.com/ press/2007/pr04052007-river%20edgeaurora.pdf [11] United States Census Bureau. [1] [12] "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.

Aurora, Illinois
[13] Aurora Demographics [14] Wayne’s World (1992) - Filming locations [15] 95.9 The River. Scott Childers. WERVFM, IL. 07-July-2006.

External links
• Official Aurora Area Convention and Visitors Bureau website • Official City of Aurora website • Commercial Alarm Permit • Official Greater Aurora Chamber of Commerce website • Aurora, Illinois is at coordinates 41°45′36″N 88°17′55″W / 41.759879°N 88.298482°W / 41.759879; -88.298482 (Aurora, Illinois)Coordinates: 41°45′36″N 88°17′55″W / 41.759879°N 88.298482°W / 41.759879; -88.298482 (Aurora, Illinois)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurora,_Illinois" Categories: Cities in Illinois, Kane County, Illinois, DuPage County, Illinois, Will County, Illinois, Kendall County, Illinois, Aurora, Illinois, Settlements established in 1835 This page was last modified on 25 May 2009, at 18:47 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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