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University of Pennsylvania

University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania

Motto: Motto in English: Established: Type: Endowment: President: Staff: Students: Undergraduates: Postgraduates: Location: Campus:

Colors: Nickname: Athletics: Affiliations: Website:

The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as UPenn or just Penn) is a private research university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Penn is the first university[3] and the fourth-oldest institution of higher education[4] in the United States. Penn is a member of the Ivy League and is one of the Colonial Colleges. Benjamin Franklin, Penn’s founder, advocLeges sine moribus vanae ated an educational program that focused as Laws without morals are useless much on practical education for commerce and public service as on the classics and theology. Penn was one of the first academic 1740[1] institutions to follow a multidisciplinary modPrivate el pioneered by several European universities, concentrating multiple "faculties" (e.g., US $5 billion[2] theology, classics, medicine) into one instituAmy Gutmann tion. Penn is today one of the largest private universities in the nation, offering a very 4,038 (Faculty), 2,276 (Staff) broad range of academic departments, an ex19,816 tensive research enterprise and a number of 10,153 community outreach and public service programs. Penn is particularly well known for its 9,653 business school, law school, education Philadelphia, Pennsylvania school, medicine school, health school, social sciences/humanities, and its biomedical Urban, 279 acres (1.1 km2), West Philadelphia campus; 600 acres teaching and research capabilities. (2.4 km2), New Bolton Center; 92 In FY2009, Penn’s academic research proacres (0.37 km2), Morris grams undertook more than $730 million in Arboretum research, involving some 3,800 faculty, 1,000 postdoctoral fellows and 5,400 support staff/ Red and blue graduate assistants. Much of the funding is Quakers provided by the National Institutes of Health NCAA Division I for biomedical research. Penn tops the Ivy League in annual spending, with a projected Ivy League, AAU, COFHE 2009 budget of $5.542 billion. In 2008, it www.upenn.edu ranked fifth among U.S. universities in fundraising, bringing in about $475.96 million in private support.[5] Incorporated as The Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania, Penn is one of 14

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founding members of the Association of American Universities.

University of Pennsylvania
Franklin assembled a board of trustees from among the leading citizens of Philadelphia, the first such non-sectarian board in America. At the first meeting of the 24 members of the Board of Trustees (November 13, 1749) the issue of where to locate the school was a prime concern. Although a lot across Sixth Street from Independence Hall was offered without cost by James Logan, its owner, the Trustees realized that the building erected in 1740, which was still vacant, would be an even better site. On February 1, 1750 the new board took over the building and trusts of the old board. In 1751 the Academy, using the great hall at 4th and Arch Streets, took in its first students. A charity school also was opened in accordance with the intentions of the original "New Building" donors, although it lasted only a few years.

History

Benjamin Franklin Statue, in front of College Hall. The light on in the upper left window is from the Philomathean Society Penn’s first student group. In 1740, a group of Philadelphians joined together to erect a great preaching hall for the evangelist George Whitefield. Designed and built by Edmund Woolley, it was the largest building in the city and it was also planned to serve as a charity school. The fundraising, however, fell short and although the building was erected, the plans for both a chapel and the charity school were suspended. In the fall of 1749, eager to create a college to educate future generations, Benjamin Franklin circulated a pamphlet titled "Proposals for the Education of Youth in Pennsylvania," his vision for what he called a "Public Academy of Philadelphia."[6] However, according to Franklin’s autobiography, it was in 1743 when he first drew up a proposal for establishing the academy, "thinking the Rev. Richard Peters a fit person to superintend such an institution." Unlike the other three American Colonial colleges that existed at the time — Harvard, William and Mary, and Yale — Franklin’s new school would not focus merely on education for the clergy. He advocated an innovative concept of higher education, one which would teach both the ornamental knowledge of the arts and the practical skills necessary for making a living and doing public service. The proposed program of study became the nation’s first modern liberal arts curriculum.

Quad in the Fall, facing Ware College House For its date of founding, the University uses 1740, the date of "the creation of the earliest of the many educational trusts the University has taken upon itself"[7] (the charity school mentioned above) during its existence. The institution was known as the College of Philadelphia from 1755 to 1779. In 1779, not trusting then-provost the Rev. William Smith’s loyalist tendencies, the revolutionary State Legislature created a University of the State of Pennsylvania.[8] The result was a schism, with Smith continuing to operate an attenuated version of the College of Philadelphia. In 1791 the legislature issued a new charter, merging the two institutions into the University of Pennsylvania with twelve men from each institution on the new board of trustees.[9] These three schools were part of the same institution and were overseen by the same board of Trustees.[8] Penn has three claims to being the first university in the United States, according to university archive director Mark Frazier

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Lloyd: the 1765 founding of the first medical school in America made Penn the first institution to offer "undergraduate" and professional education; the 1779 charter made it the first American institution of higher learning to take the name of "University"; and existing colleges were established as seminaries.[3] After being located in downtown Philadelphia for more than a century, the campus was moved across the Schuylkill River to property purchased from the Blockley Almshouse in West Philadelphia in 1872, where it has since remained in an area now known as University City. 11 The Rev. Henry Vethake 13 The Rev. Daniel Goodwin 14 Charles Janeway Stillé 15 William Pepper 16 Charles Custis Harrison

University of Pennsylvania
1790–1866 1853–1859 University of Pennsylvania 1860–1868 University of Pennsylvania 1868–1880 University of Pennsylvania 1881–1894 University of Pennsylvania 1894–1910 University of Pennsylvania 1910–1920 University of Pennsylvania 1923–1930 University of Pennsylvania Years as president

1811–1890

1819–1899

1843–1898 1844–1929

Heads of the University of Pennsylvania
Provost 1 birth–death Years as provost

17 Edgar Fahs Name of Smith

1854–1928

The Rev. 1714–1770 George Whitefield Benjamin Franklin The Rev. William Smith The Rev. John Ewing The Rev. William Smith 1706–1790 1727–1803

institution 18 Josiah 1868–1940 Harmar 1740–1746 Church and Penniman Charity School of Presidents of the Philadelphia University of 1749–1754 Academy of Pennsylvania Philadelphia 1 Thomas Sovereign

2 3

4

1732–1802)

5

1751–1820

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The Rev. 1732–1802 John McDowell The Rev. John Andrews The Rev. Frederick Beasley 1746–1813

1930–1944 1754–1779 College of Gates Philadelphia 2 George William 1944–1948 McClelland 1779–1802 University Harold Edward Stassen 1948–1953 of 3 Pennsylvania 4 William Hagan DuBarry 1953–1953, Acting 1802–1806 University of President Pennsylvania 5 Gaylord Probasco 1953–1970 Harnwell 1807–1810 University of 6 Martin Meyerson 1970–1981 Pennsylvania 7 Sheldon Hackney 1981–1993 8 1810–1813 University Claire Fagin of Pennsylvania 9 1813–1828 University Judith Rodin of Pennsylvania Gutmann 10 Amy 1993–1994, Interim President 1994–2004 2004–Present

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1777–1845

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The Rev. 1797–1865 William Heathcote DeLancey 1793–1857

10 The Rev. John Ludlow

1828–1834 University of Educational innovations Pennsylvania educational innovations include: the Penn’s nation’s first medical school in 1765; the first university teaching hospital in 1874; the 1834–1852 University of School, the world’s first collegiate Wharton Pennsylvania business, in 1881; the first Americschool of an student union building, Houston Hall, in 1896;[10] the country’s second school of veterinary medicine; and the home of ENIAC,

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University of Pennsylvania

College Hall and Logan Hall viewed from Woodland Ave., ca. 1892. the world’s first electronic, large-scale, general-purpose digital computer in 1946. Penn is also home to the oldest psychology department in North America and is where the American Medical Association was founded.[11][12]

Lower Quad in Winter, from Riepe College House • School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS) • School of Nursing • Wharton School The College of Arts and Sciences is the undergraduate division of the School of Arts and Sciences, which also contains the Graduate Division and the College of Liberal and Professional Studies, Penn’s division for nontraditional undergraduate and graduate students. Penn has a strong focus on interdisciplinary learning and research. It emphasizes joint-degree programs, unique majors, and academic flexibility. Penn’s "One University" policy allows undergraduates access to courses at all of Penn’s undergraduate and graduate schools, except the medical and dental schools. Undergraduates at Penn may also take courses at Bryn Mawr, Haverford, and Swarthmore, Penn’s fellows in the Quaker Consortium.

Motto
Penn’s motto is based on a line from Horace’s III.24 (Book 3, Ode 24), quid leges sine moribus vanae proficiunt? ("of what avail empty laws without [good] morals?") From 1756 to 1898, the motto read Sine Moribus Vanae. When a wag pointed out that the motto could be translated as "Loose women without morals," the university quickly changed the motto to literae sine moribus vanae ("Letters without morals [are] useless"). In 1932, all elements of the seal were revised, and as part of the redesign it was decided that the new motto "mutilated" Horace, and it was changed to its present wording, Leges Sine Moribus Vanae ("Laws without morals [are] useless").[13]

Colors
The official school colors are red with hex value #990000, and blue with hex value #011F5B.[14] In printed materials they are PMS 201 red and PMS 288 blue.[15]

Graduate and professional schools
The following schools offer graduate programs: • Annenberg School for Communication • Graduate School of Arts & Sciences • Graduate School of Education • Law School • School of Dental Medicine • School of Design (formerly the Graduate School of Fine Arts) • School of Engineering and Applied Science • School of Medicine • School of Nursing

Academics
Undergraduate schools
The University of Pennsylvania has four undergraduate schools: • School of Arts and Sciences

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University of Pennsylvania

Academic Medical Center and Biomedical Research Complex
Penn’s health-related programs — including the Schools of Nursing, Medicine, Dental Medicine, and Veterinary Medicine, and programs in bioengineering (School of Engineering) and health management (the Wharton School) - are among the university’s strongest academic components. The combination of intellectual breadth, research funding (each of the health sciences schools ranks in the top 5 in annual NIH funding), clinical resources and overall scale ranks Penn with only a small handful of peer universities in the U.S. The size of Penn’s biomedical research organization, however, adds a very capital intensive component to the university’s operations, and introduces revenue instability due to changing government regulations, reduced Federal funding for research, and Medicaid/Medicare program changes. This is a primary reason highlighted in bond rating agencies’ views on Penn’s overall financial rating, which ranks one notch below its academic peers. Penn has worked to address these issues by pooling its schools (as well as several hospitals and clinical practices) into the University of Pennsylvania Health System, thereby pooling resources for greater efficiencies and research impact.

University of Pennsylvania Dental School • Social Policy and Practice • School of Veterinary Medicine • Wharton School

Joint-degree and interdisciplinary programs
Penn offers specialized joint-degree programs, which award candidates degrees from multiple schools at the University upon completion of graduation criteria of both schools. Undergraduate programs include: • The Jerome Fisher Program in Management and Technology • The Huntsman Program in International Studies and Business • Nursing and Health Care Management • The Roy and Diana Vagelos Program in Life Sciences and Management Dual Degree programs which lead to the same multiple degrees without participation in the specific above programs are also available. Unlike joint-degree programs, "dual degree" students fulfill requirements of both programs independently without involvement of another program. Specialized Dual Degree programs include Liberal Studies and Technology as well as a Computer and Cognitive Science Program. Both programs award a degree from the College of Arts and Sciences and a degree from the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. For graduate programs, there are many formalized joint degree graduate programs such as a joint J.D./MBA. Penn is also the home to interdisciplinary institutions such as the Institute for Medicine and Engineering, the Joseph H. Lauder Institute for Management and International Studies, the Institute for Research in Cognitive Science, and the Executive Master’s in Technology Management Program.

Admissions selectivity
Penn is one of the most selective universities in the United States. For the Class of 2012 entering in fall 2008, the university received 22,935 applications and admitted 16.95 percent of the applicants, 99% of whom were in the top 10% of their high school classes. 63% of the admitted applicants matriculated.[16] In 2007, Penn’s acceptance rate was 15.9%, with 96% of incoming freshmen ranked in the top 10% of their high school classes.[17] In the last 5 years, Penn has received 18,000–20,000 applications for each freshman class, has admitted on average 17 percent of applications and saw about 65 percent of admitted applicants matriculate. Further, Penn consistently ranks among the 10 toughest schools to get into, according to the Princeton Review.[18] The Atlantic also ranked Penn among the 10 most selective schools in the country.

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At the graduate level, Penn’s admissions rates, like most universities’, vary considerably based on school and program. Based on admission statistics from U.S. News and World Report, Penn’s most selective programs include its law school, the health care schools (medicine, dental medicine, nursing), and its business school.

University of Pennsylvania
ranked Penn 17th overall, and 4th among private institutions (behind Cornell, Stanford, and MIT) on its list of universities’ contributions to national service (Research: total research spending; Ph.D.s granted in science and engineering; Community Service: the number of students in ROTC, Peace Corps, etc.; and social mobility: percentage of, and support for, Pell grant recipients).[40] University of Pennsylvania’s undergraduate business program at Wharton has retained its #1 ranking in U.S. News for many years.

Rankings
U.S. University Rankings
ARWU World[19] ARWU National[20] ARWU Natural Science & Math[21] ARWU Engineering & CS[22] ARWU Life Sciences[23] ARWU Clinical Medicine[24] ARWU Social Sciences[25] CMUP[26] THES World[27] USNWR National University[28] USNWR Business[29] USNWR Law[30] USNWR Medical (research) [31] USNWR Medical (primary care) [32] USNWR Engineering[33] USNWR Education[34] Washington Monthly National University[35] 15th 13th 21th 36rd 16th 22th 8th 1st 11th 6th 3rd 7th 3rd 31th 30th 10th 17st

Claudia Cohen Hall, formerly Logan Hall, home of The College of Arts and Sciences and former home of The Wharton School

Undergraduate programs
Penn’s arts & science programs are all wellregarded, with many departments ranked amongst the nation’s top 10. At the undergraduate level, Wharton, Penn’s business school, and Penn’s nursing school have maintained their #1, 2 or 3 rankings since U.S. News began reviewing such programs. In the School of Engineering, top departments are bioengineering (typically ranked in the top 5 by U.S. News), mechanical engineering, chemical engineering and nanotechnology. The school is also strong in some areas of computer science and artificial intelligence.

U.S. News & World Report ranked Penn #6 (tied with Cal Tech) for undergraduate education in 2009 rankings, fourth in the Ivy League behind Harvard, Princeton, and Yale.[36] Penn was ranked #4 by U.S. News in 2005 and sixth in 2006. In 2008, the British Times Higher Education magazine ranked Penn 11th in the world and 7th among U.S. universities.[37] In 2007, Penn placed 15th on the Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s Academic Ranking of World Universities.[38] The Center for Measuring University Performance ranks Penn in its top cluster of research universities in the nation, tied with Columbia, Harvard, MIT, and Stanford.[39] In 2007, The Washington Monthly

Graduate and professional programs
Penn’s graduate schools are among the most distinguished schools in their fields. Penn’s Graduate School of Arts and Sciences is generally regarded as one of the top schools in the nation (see 1995 rankings by the National Research Council). A study updated the NRC rankings and adjusted them for faculty size

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and also factored out reputational surveys (saying that such surveys were lagging indicators of academic quality). That study, "The Rise of American Research Universities: Elites and Challengers in the Postwar Era," ranked Penn’s arts, humanities, and sciences departments 7th in the US. Among its professional schools, the schools of Design, business, communication, dentistry, medicine, nursing, and veterinary medicine rank in the top 5 nationally (see U.S. News, National Research Council, and Planetizen and DesignIntelligence magazines). Penn’s Law School is ranked 7th, and its School of Education and School of Social Policy and Practice are ranked in the top 10 (see U.S. News).

University of Pennsylvania
Postal Service). Dubbed the Postal Lands, the site extends from Market Street on the north to Penn’s Bower Field on the south. It encompasses the main U.S. Postal Building at 30th and Market Streets (the retail post office at the east end of the building will remain open), the Postal Annex between Chestnut Street and Walnut Street, the Vehicle Maintenance Facility Garage along Chestnut Street and the 14 acres (57,000 m2) of surface parking south of Walnut Street. Over the next decade, the site will become the home to educational, research, biomedical, and mixed-use facilities. Penn also plans new connections between the campus and the city, including a pedestrian bridge.

Campus

Upper Quad Gate. The University also owns the 92-acre (370,000 m2) Morris Arboretum in Chestnut Hill in northwestern Philadelphia, the official arboretum of the state of Pennsylvania. Penn also owns the 687-acre (2.78 km2) New Bolton Center, the research and large-animal health care center of its Veterinary School. Located near Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, New Bolton Center received nationwide media attention when Kentucky Derby winner Barbaro underwent surgery at its Widener Hospital for injuries suffered while running in the Preakness Stakes. Penn borders Drexel University and is near the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia.

Overlooking Lower Quad from Upper Quad Much of Penn’s architecture was designed by the Cope & Stewardson firm, whose principal architects combined the Gothic architecture of the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge with the local landscape to establish the Collegiate Gothic style. The present core campus covers over 269 acres (~1 km2) in a contiguous area of West Philadelphia’s University City district. All of Penn’s schools and most of its research institutes are located on this campus. Recent improvements to the surrounding neighborhood include the opening of several restaurants, a large upscale grocery store, and a movie theater on the western edge of campus. In 2007, Penn acquired about 35 acres (140,000 m2) between the campus and the Schuylkill River (the former site of the Philadelphia Civic Center and a nearby 24-acre (97,000 m2) site owned by the United States

Libraries
Penn’s library began in 1750 with a donation of books from cartographer Louis Evans. Twelve years later, then-provost William Smith sailed to England to raise additional funds to increase the collection size. More than 250 years later, it has grown into a system of 15 libraries (13 are on the contiguous campus) with 400 FTE employees and a total operating budget of more than $48 million. The library system holds 5.7 million book and

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University of Pennsylvania

The University Museum
The University Museum was founded in 1887. During the early twentieth century UPM conducted some of the first and most important archaeological and anthropological expeditions to Egypt, Mesopotamia, Africa, East Asia and South America, thus the collection includes a very large number of antiquities from ancient Egypt and the Middle East. Its most famous object is the goat rearing into the branches of a rosette-leafed plant, from the royal tombs of Ur. The museum also has a strong collection of Chinese artifacts. Features of its Beaux-Arts building include a dramatic rotunda and gardens that include Egyptian papyrus. UPM’s scientific division, MASCA, focuses on the application of modern scientific techniques to aid the interpretation of archaeological contexts. The Institute of Contemporary Art, which is based on Penn’s campus, showcases various art exhibitions throughout the year.

Fisher Fine Arts Library, also referred to as the Furness Library or simply the Fine Arts Library serial volumes. It subscribes to 44,000 print serials and e-journals.[41] Penn’s Libraries, with associated school or subject area: • Annenberg (School of Communications), located in the Annenberg School • Biddle (Law), located in the Law School • Biomedical, located adjacent to the Robert Wood Johnson Pavilion of the Medical School • Center for Advanced Judaic Studies, located on Walnut Street at Washington Square • Chemistry, located in the 1973 Wing of the Chemistry Building • Dental • Engineering • Fine Arts, located within the Fisher Fine Arts Library, designed by Frank Furness • Lea Library, located within the Van Pelt Library • Lippincott (Wharton School), located on the second floor of the Van Pelt-Dietrich Library Center • Math/Physics/Astronomy, located on the third floor of David Rittenhouse Laboratory • Museum (Anthropology) • Rare Books and Manuscripts • Van Pelt-Dietrich Library Center (Humanities and Social Sciences) location of the David B. Weigle Information Commons • Veterinary • High Density Storage

Residences
University residences include DuBois College House, Fisher Hassenfeld College House (formerly Woodland), Gregory College House, Harnwell College House, Harrison College House,[42] Hill College House, Kings Court English College House, Riepe College House (formerly Spruce House), Rodin College House (formerly Hamilton College House), Sansom Place East / West, Stouffer College House, and Ware College House. Within the college houses, Penn has nearly forty themed residential programs for students with shared interests such as world cinema or science and technology. Many of the nearby homes on 40-42nd are often rented by undergraduate students moving off campus after freshman year.

Student life
Demographics
Of those accepted for admission to the Class of 2009, 39.2 percent are Asian, Hispanic, African, or Native American. Women comprise 51.3 percent of all students currently enrolled. More than 13% of the first year class are international students. Of the international students accepted to the Class of 2008, 48.1% were from Asia; 15.8% were from

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University of Pennsylvania
throughout the year. It has a current membership of approximately 80 students. "The Red and the Blue" and "Fight On Pennsylvania" are notable songs commonly played and sung at university events and games.

Selected Penn publications
Locust Walk lit up during the winter season Africa and the Middle East; 14.1% were from Europe; 11.7% were from Canada and Mexico; 10% were from the Caribbean, Central America, and South America; 0.4% were from Australia and the Pacific Islands. A total of 2,440 international students applied for admission to Penn’s undergraduate schools for the Class of 2008, and 489 (20%) were accepted. • CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal • The Daily Pennsylvanian - Penn’s independent, student-run newspaper; published since 1885; regularly wins Pacemaker and CSPA Gold Circle awards • First Call Magazine - Penn’s undergraduate magazine • Knowledge@Wharton - online business journal of the Wharton School • Penn History Review - undergraduate history journal • Penn Triangle - science and technology magazine founded in 1899; oldest of Penn’s student-run journals; a student-run SEAS publication • PennScience - undergraduate science research journal • Pennsylvania Punch Bowl - Penn’s humor magazine, founded in 1889; one of the nation’s oldest and most acclaimed humor magazines • PoliComm - journal of political communication • Res - undergraduate journal of research writing • The Soapbox Sociopolitical Magazine Penn’s primary outlet for student sociopolitical thought • Sound Politicks - undergraduate political science journal • Under The Button - online blogs written by staff of The Daily Pennsylvanian

The Castle on 36th and Locust

Selected student organizations
The Philomathean Society, founded in 1813, is the oldest continually-existing student group in the United States. The student-run TV station UTV13 is the oldest college TV station in the country. The Mask and Wig Club is the oldest all-male musical comedy troupe in the country. The University of Pennsylvania Glee Club, founded in 1862, is one of the oldest continually operating collegiate choruses in the United States. Its best-known and longest-serving director was Bruce Montgomery, who led the club from 1956 until 2000. The University of Pennsylvania Band has been a part of student life since 1897. The Penn Band performs at football and basketball games as well as university functions (e.g. commencement and convocation)

Athletics
Penn’s sports teams are nicknamed the Quakers. They participate in the Ivy League and Division I (Division I FCS for football) in the NCAA. In recent decades they often have been league champions in football (12 times from 1982 to 2003) and basketball (22 times from 1970 to 2006). In 2004, Penn Men’s Rugby won the Eastern Pennsylvania Rugby Union championship. The first athletic team at Penn was its cricket team.[43]

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University of Pennsylvania
In addition, each year the Bednarik Award is given to college football’s best defensive player. Chuck Bednarik (Class of 1949) was a three-time All-American center/linebacker who starred on the 1947 team and is generally regarded as Penn’s all-time finest. In addition to Bednarik, the ’47 squad boasted four-time All-American tackle George Savitsky and three-time All-American halfback Skip Minisi. All three standouts were subsequently elected to the College Football Hall of Fame, as was their coach, George Munger (a star running back at Penn in the early ’30s). Bednarik went on to play for 12 years with the Philadelphia Eagles, becoming the NFL’s last 60-minute man. He was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1969. During his presidency of the institution from 1948 to 1953, Harold Stassen attempted to recultivate Penn’s heyday of big-time college football, but the effort lacked support and was short-lived. ESPN’s College GameDay traveled to Penn to highlight the Harvard-Penn game on November 17, 2002, the first time the popular college football show had visited an Ivy League campus.

Athletic Logo

Football
Penn first fielded a football team against Princeton at the Germantown Cricket Club in Philadelphia on November 11, 1876.[44]

Franklin Field Penn football made many contributions to the sport in its early days. During the 1890s, Penn’s famed coach and alumnus George Washington Woodruff introduced the quarternick kick, a forerunner of the forward pass, as well as the place-kick from scrimmage and the delayed pass. In 1894, 1895, 1897, and 1904, Penn was generally regarded the national champion of collegiate football.[45] The achievements of two of Penn’s outstanding players from that era — John Heisman and John Outland — are remembered each year with the presentation of the Heisman Trophy to the most outstanding college football player of the year and the Outland Trophy to the most outstanding college football interior lineman of the year.

The Palestra, "Cathedral of Basketball"

Basketball
See also: Penn Quakers men’s basketball Penn basketball is steeped in tradition. Penn made its only (and the Ivy League’s second) Final Four appearance in 1979, where the Quakers lost to Magic Johnson-led Michigan State in Salt Lake City. (Dartmouth twice finished second in the tournament in the 1940s, but that was before the beginning of formal League play.) Penn is also is one of the teams in the Big Five, along with La Salle, Saint Joseph’s, Temple, and Villanova. In 2007, the

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men’s basketball team won its third consecutive Ivy League title and then lost in the first round of the NCAA Tournament to Texas A&M.

University of Pennsylvania

Facilities
Franklin Field is where the Quakers play football, field hockey, lacrosse, sprint football, and track and field (and formerly soccer). It is the oldest stadium still operating for football games and was the first stadium to sport two tiers. It hosted the first commercially televised football game, was once the home field of the Philadelphia Eagles, and was the site of early Army–Navy games. Today it is also used by Penn students for recreation such as intramural and club sports, including touch football and cricket. Franklin Field hosts the annual collegiate track and field event "the Penn Relays." Penn’s home court, the Palestra, is an arena used for men’s and women’s basketball teams, volleyball teams, wrestling team, and Philadelphia Big Five basketball, as well as high school sporting events. The Palestra has hosted more NCAA Tournament basketball games than any other facility. The Olympic Boycott Games of 1980 were held at the University of Pennsylvania in response to Moscow’s hosting of the 1980 Summer Olympics following the Soviet incursion in Afghanistan. Twenty-nine of the boycotting nations participated in the Boycott Games.

This statue of Benjamin Franklin donated by Justus C. Strawbridge to the City of Philadelphia in 1899 now sits in front of College Hall[46] George Ross, Benjamin Rush, and James Wilson; 11 signers of the Constitution: George Clymer, Thomas Fitzsimons, Benjamin Franklin, Jared Ingersoll, Rufus King, Thomas Mifflin, Gouverneur Morris, Robert Morris, George Washington, Hugh Williamson, and James Wilson; 3 United States Supreme Court justices: William J. Brennan, Jr., Owen Roberts, and James Wilson; and 1 president of the United States: William Henry Harrison.[47] Other notable Penn alumni include entrepreneurs Warren Buffett[48] and Donald Trump, poets Ezra Pound and William Carlos Williams, and various Nobel laureates. From 1997 to 2007, 9 Penn affiliates have won Nobel Prizes, of whom 4 are current faculty members and 2 are alumni.

Controversies
The university has come under fire several times in recent years for free speech issues. In spite of this, Penn is one of only two Ivy League universities (the other being Dartmouth College) to receive the highest possible free speech rating from the watchdog group Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, founded by noted Penn professor and civil libertarian Alan Charles Kors.

Penn in popular culture
Novels
• Dave Eggers’s suicidal childhood friend Tom from the novel A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius attends Penn. • Much of Jonathan Franzen’s novel, The Corrections, takes place in Philadelphia and mentions Penn a number of times. Gary Lambert, one of the main characters, attends Penn as an undergraduate. • The main character’s sex fantasy in Jennifer Weiner’s novel, Good in Bed, involves a Penn film professor. • Tom Wolfe’s novel, I Am Charlotte Simmons, is based in part on the particular collegiate subculture found at Penn. Wolfe researched the novel by

Notable people
See also: List of Nobel laureates affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania Notable University of Pennsylvania alumni include 9 signers of the Declaration of Independence: George Clymer, Benjamin Franklin, Francis Hopkinson, Thomas McKean, Robert Morris, William Paca,

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talking to students from Penn, and even attended a party at one of Penn’s secret societies.

University of Pennsylvania
characters Dennis and Dee having attended university there. • In an episode of The Office, Dwight Schrute mentions the Penn football game in order to upset Andy Bernard, a Cornell alumnus. • In the television series Queer as Folk, Ted Schmidt often references the fact that he is a graduate of the Wharton School. • Penn is mentioned in Law and Order (episode: castoff) as the alma mater of an Ivy League murder victim

Movies
• A number of scenes from the 1993 Academy Award-winning film Philadelphia were filmed inside the Fisher Fine Arts Library, which doubles as the law school library for the movie. • A chase scene in M. Night Shyamalan’s 2000 film Unbreakable starring Samuel L. Jackson and Bruce Willis features the exterior of Franklin Field. • In the 2000 film The Skulls, one of the crew teams during the boat race at the beginning of the movie is from Penn. • In the 2003 film Mona Lisa Smile, Tommy (Topher Grace) is scheduled to attend graduate school at Penn. • In the 2004 Bollywood film Swades, Mohan (Shahrukh Khan) is a student at Penn. • In the 2006 film Invincible starring Mark Wahlberg, Franklin Field acts as a substitute for the now razed Veteran’s Stadium. • In the 2008 film Baby Mama, Angie Ostrowiski (Amy Poehler) gives birth at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. • A number of scenes at the beginning of the 2009 film Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen were filmed in the freshman quad as well as in front of The Castle, a Psi Upsilon fraternity house and a prominent example of gothic-collegiate architecture.

Gallery

The The Quad Fisher Dormitories Fine Arts Library, formerly The Furness Library

High-rise dorms, St. Mary’s Irvine church in Auditorium the foreground

See also
• • • • • • • • • • • • The Penn Glee Club Penn Singers Wistar Institute Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia Van Pelt Library Fels Institute of Government Philomathean Society, the nation’s oldest continually-existing literary society The University of Pennsylvania Band WQHS Radio, the only student-run campus radio station WXPN, Penn’s radio station and the home of NPR’s World Cafe PENNaach Education in Philadelphia

Television
• Penn is often mentioned in American Dreams. Two of the main characters, Sam and Beth, attend the school. In the second and third seasons, several of the recreations take place at The Lair, a Penn campus coffee house/student union facility. • In an episode of the The Cosby Show titled "Off to the Races," Cliff Huxtable competes in the Penn Relays. Many portions of the episode were filmed at Franklin Field. • Several It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia episodes were filmed at Penn, with the

Notes
[1] The University officially uses 1740 as its founding date and has since 1899. The ideas and intellectual inspiration for the academic institution stem from 1749, with a pamphlet published by Benjamin Franklin. When Franklin’s institution was established, it inhabited a schoolhouse

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
built in 1740 for another school, which never came to practical fruition. Penn archivist Mark Frazier Lloyd [1] notes: “In 1899, Penn’s Trustees adopted a resolution that established 1740 as the founding date, but good cases may be made for 1749, when Franklin first convened the Trustees, or 1751, when the first classes were taught, or 1755, when Penn obtained its collegiate charter." Princeton’s library[2] presents another, carefully nuanced view. Endowment declines 19.4 percent[3] ^ "The University of Pennsylvania: America’s First University". University Archives and Records Center, University of Pennsylvania. http://www.archives.upenn.edu/histy/ genlhistory/firstuniv.html. Retrieved on 2006-04-29. Penn is the fourth-oldest using the founding dates claimed by each institution. Penn, Princeton, and Columbia originated within a few years of each other. In 1899, Penn officially changed its "founding" date from 1749 to 1740, affecting its rank. See Building Penn’s Brand for the reasons why Penn did this. Princeton University implicitly challenges this[4], also claiming to be fourth. Penn was chartered in 1755, making it sixth-oldest chartered, following Princeton (1746) and Columbia (1754). A Presbyterian minister operated a "Log College" in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, from 1726 until 1746; some have suggested a connection between it and the College of New Jersey (later Princeton) which would justify pushing Princeton’s founding date back to 1726, earlier than Penn’s 1740. However, Princeton has not done so, and a Princeton historian says that "the facts do not warrant" such an interpretation. [5] Charitable contributions to colleges and universities in the United States grew by 6.2 percent in 2008[6] A Brief History of the University, University of Pennsylvania Archives Cheyney, Edward Potts. History of the University of Pennsylvania 1740–1940 University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia. 1940. pp 46–48. ^ Penn in the 18th Century, University of Pennsylvania Archives

University of Pennsylvania
[9] "Penn in the 18th Century". University Archives and Records Center, University of Pennsylvania. http://www.archives.upenn.edu/histy/ features/1700s/penn1700s.html. Retrieved on 2006-04-29. [10] Building America’s First University: An Historical and Architectural Guide to the University of Pennsylvania George E. Thomas, David Bruce Brownlee, p3 [11] "Welcome to the Department of Psychology". University of Pennsylvania. http://www.psych.upenn.edu/. Retrieved on 2006-04-29. [12] "History of the School of Medicine". University Archives and Records Center, University of Pennsylvania. http://www.archives.upenn.edu/histy/ schools/med.html. Retrieved on 2006-04-29. [13] Hughes, Samuel (2002). "Whiskey, Loose Women, and Fig Leaves: The University’s seal has a curious history". Pennsylvania Gazette 100 (3). http://www.upenn.edu/ gazette/0102/0102finals.html. [14] Penn: Web Style Guide: Color Values [15] http://www.business-services.upenn.edu/ publicationservices/pdf/ logostyleguide.pdf [16] "Penn Admissions: Incoming Class Profile". http://www.admissionsug.upenn.edu/ profile/. Retrieved on 2008-11-03. [17] "University of Pennsylvania Profile - SAT Scores and Admissions Data for the University of Pennsylvania - Penn". Collegeapps.about.com. http://collegeapps.about.com/od/ collegeprofiles/p/penn_profile.htm. Retrieved on 2008-09-22. [18] "The Ten Toughest Schools to Get Into". MSN Encarta. http://encarta.msn.com/ college_article_tentoughestschools/ the_most_competitive_admissions.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-27. [19] Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. http://www.arwu.org/ rank2008/ARWU2008_A(EN).htm. Retrieved on 2009-01-04. [20] Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). "Top 100 North & Latin American Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong

[2] [3]

[4]

[5]

[6] [7]

[8]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

University of Pennsylvania

University. http://www.arwu.org/ [29] "Best Business Schools". America’s Best rank2008/ Graduate Schools. U.S. News & World ARWU2008_TopAmer(EN).htm. Report. 2009. http://gradRetrieved on 2009-01-04. schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ [21] Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). best-graduate-schools/top-business"Top 100 world universities in Natural schools/rankings. Retrieved on Sciences and Mathematics". Institute of 2009-05-18. Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong [30] "Best Law Schools". America’s Best University. http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/ARWUGraduate Schools. U.S. News & World FIELD2008/SCI2008.htm. Retrieved on Report. 2009. http://grad2008-02-19. schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ [22] Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). best-graduate-schools/top-law-schools/ "Top 100 world universities in rankings. Retrieved on 2009-05-18. Engineering/Technology and Computer [31] "Best Medical Schools: Research Sciences". Institute of Higher Education, Rankings". America’s Best Graduate Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Schools. U.S. News & World Report. http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/ARWU-FIELD2008/ 2009. http://gradENG2008.htm. Retrieved on 2008-02-19. schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ [23] Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). best-graduate-schools/top-medical"Top 100 world universities in Life and schools/research-rankings. Retrieved on Agriculture Sciences". Institute of 2009-05-18. Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong [32] "Best Medical Schools: Primary Care University. http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/ARWURankings". America’s Best Graduate FIELD2008/LIFE2008.htm. Retrieved on Schools. U.S. News & World Report. 2008-02-19. 2009. http://grad[24] Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ "Top 100 world universities in Clinical best-graduate-schools/top-medicalMedicine and Pharmacy". Institute of schools/primary-care-rankings. Retrieved Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong on 2009-05-18. University. http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/ARWU[33] "Best Engineering Schools". America’s FIELD2008/MED2008.htm. Retrieved on Best Graduate Schools. U.S. News & 2008-02-19. World Report. 2009. http://grad[25] Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ "Top 100 world universities in Social best-graduate-schools/top-engineeringSciences". Institute of Higher Education, schools/rankings. Retrieved on Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2009-05-18. http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/ARWU-FIELD2008/ [34] "Best Education Programs". America’s SOC2008.htm. Retrieved on 2008-02-19. Best Graduate Schools. U.S. News & [26] CMUP (2008). "The Top American World Report. 2009. http://gradResearch Universities: 2008 Annual schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ Report" (PDF). Center for Measuring best-graduate-schools/top-educationUniversity Performance. schools/rankings. Retrieved on http://mup.asu.edu/research2008.pdf. 2009-05-18. Retrieved on 2008-12-31. [35] "The Washington Monthly National [27] The Times (2008). "World University University Rankings" (PDF). The Rankings". The Times Higher Washington Monthly. 2007. Educational Supplement. http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/ http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/ features/2007/0709.natlrankings.pdf. hybrid.asp?typeCode=243&pubCode=1&navcode=137. Retrieved on 2008-12-31. Retrieved on 2008-12-31. [36] USNews.com: America’s Best Colleges [28] "National Universities Rankings". 2008: National Universities: Top Schools America’s Best Colleges 2009. U.S. News [37] http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/ & World Report. 2009. hybrid.asp?typeCode=243&pubCode=1 http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/ http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/rank/2007/ [38] college/national-search. Retrieved on ARWU2007_Top100.htm 2009-05-18. [39] http://mup.asu.edu/research2006.pdf

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[40] 2007 College Guide [41] "Penn Library Data Farm". http://metrics.library.upenn.edu/ prototype/datafarm/. Retrieved on 2006-04-29. [42] "Harrison College House". Harrison.house.upenn.edu. http://harrison.house.upenn.edu/. Retrieved on 2008-09-22. [43] Kieran, John (1932), "Sports of the Times," The New York Times, October 8, 1932, p. 22. [44] Rottenberg, Dan (1985) "Fight On, Pennsylvania" Trustees of University of Pennsylvania pg. 25. [45] Rottenberg, Dan (1985) "Fight On, Pennsylvania" Trustees of University of Pennsylvania pg. 28, 33–34. [46] Strawbridge, Justus C.. Ceremonies Attending the Unveiling of the Statue of Benjamin Franklin. Allen, Lane & Scott. http://books.google.com/

University of Pennsylvania

books?id=GOYEAAAAYAAJ&dq=justus+c+strawbrid m80dabdqrQ2ITjk1ABAKeY#PPA1,M1. Retrieved on 2007-11-24. [47] William Henry Harrison, Ohio History Central Online Encyclopedia[7]: "At his father’s insistence, [he] studied medicine from 1790 to 1791 at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Upon his father’s death in 1791, Harrison immediately joined the United States Army." [48] Warren Buffett, the world’s richest man; he attended for a year before transferring to the University of Nebraska)

External links
• Official website Coordinates: 39°57′14″N 75°11′35″W / 39.953885°N 75.193048°W / 39.953885; -75.193048

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Pennsylvania" Categories: Ivy League, Association of American Universities, University of Pennsylvania, Universities and colleges in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, Colonial colleges, 1740 establishments, Educational institutions established in the 1740s, Gothic Revival architecture in the United States, Eastern Pennsylvania Rugby Union, Education in Philadelphia, Philadelphia Big 5 This page was last modified on 24 May 2009, at 12:34 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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