Docstoc

Sambalpuri

Document Sample
Sambalpuri Powered By Docstoc
					From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sambalpuri Region

Sambalpuri Region
Kosal (Western Orissa)

demography and life-style, and extends from Kalahandi district in the south to the Sundargarh district in the northwest, thereby including whole of the pre-1993 districts of Sambalpur, Kalahandi, Sundargarh and Balangir district and some part of the then-undivided Koraput, Dhenkanal and Phulbani districts. A separatist movement has emerged in this area and majority of the people in this region are demanding a politically separate Koshal state from the State of Orissa.[1][2]. The movement has failed to gain any large scale popularity earlier, but the momentum changed dramatically with the formation of a regional political party called Koshal Kranti Dal, who will fight for a separate koshal state in a democratic way by participating in the general elections.[3]

Demographics
Kosal (Western Orissa)
Location of Kosal (Western Orissa) in Orissa and India

Country State District(s)

India Orissa Sambalpur Balangir Bargarh Sonepur Kalahandi Sundargarh Jharsuguda Boudh Deogarh Nuapada
9,001,406 (2001)

Population Time zone Area • Elevation Codes • Pincode • Telephone

IST (UTC+5:30) • 115 m (377 ft)

• 767xxx 768xxx • +0663-

Proposed Kosal state Map consisting of 10 district of present Western Orissa Nearly 40% of the population of the Sambalpuri region are autochthonous tribal or Adivasis and rest belongs to the general and other backward castes. Since the last five decades, a large number of Hindi speaking populace, belonging to communities like Gujaratis, Marwaris (Rajasthanis), Punjabis etc. have migrated into the region and adopted themselves well to the local culture. They boosted the economy of western Orissa, adopting Sambalpuri as their language of

Coordinates: 21°17′N 84°23′E / 21.28°N 84.39°E / 21.28; 84.39 The Sambalpuri region (also known as Koshal/Kosala) comprises the vast geographical and culturally homogeneous area of Western Orissa, India. Kosala is one of the several names by which Orissa was known in the ancient period, i.e. prior to the 5th century A.D. The region exhibits certain degree of cultural uniformity in terms of

1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
District Balangir Bargarh Baudh (Boudh) Debagarh (Deogarh) Jharsuguda Kalahandi Nuapada Sambalpur Subarnapur Sundargarh District Head quarter Balangir Bargarh Baudh Debagarh Jharsuguda Bhawanipatna Nuapada Sambalpur Sonepur Sundargarh Area (sq.km.) 6,575 5,837 3,098 2,940 2,081 7,920 3,852 6,675 2,337 9,712 Population 1991 Census 1,230,938 1,207,172 317,622 234,238 446,726 1,130,903 469,482 809,017 476,815 1,573,617

Sambalpuri Region
Population 2001 Census 1,335,760 1,345,601 373,038 274,095 509,056 1,334,372 530,524 928,889 540,659 1,829,412

communication, thus making them a part of the koshali culture and heritage. The people in the region have tied and dyed colourful sarees (Sambalpuri Saree) for several hundred years..This Part of the state is also famous for its Sakti Cult.Acc. to Hindu traditions people in most of the district in sambalpuri region worships goddess in comparision to god being worshipped in most part of coastal orissa.In koshal region, each and every district has its own Tutelary Goddesses like Sambalpur’s prime deity is Maa Samaleswari, Balangir’s primary deity is Maa Pataneswari, Kalahandi’s Primary deity is Maa Manikeswari, Sonepur’s primary deity is Sureswari ...and so on...

Tribals
• • • • • • • • • • • • • Sahara (Sabar) Kurmee Kandh GanId (gonds) Binjhal Bhuiyan Khadia Kohl Kishan Koda Oram Munda Santhali

Other Native Castes
Aghria, Bamhan/Brahmin (Jhadua, Udia, Raghunatia, Halua, Kanajia, Laria), Bhulia, Chamar, Chasa, Dumbhal, Gana, Gaud (Jhadua, Udia , Maghada, Nanda), Ghansia, Karan (Jhadua, Udia), Khandayat, Khyatria, Kosta, Kulta, Mali, Odra (Sahasia, Rana/ Maharana, OdaChasa ), Panra, Shuda, Sunari, Teli, etc.

Population
(Source: Census of India, 2001)[4] Kosal/Sambalpuri Region comprises 24.34% of the total population of Orissa state out of which 24.41% are males and 24.26% are females. Tribal population comprises 40% of western orissa’s (Kosal’s) total population. 23.38% of Scheduled caste and 33.9% of Scheduled Tribe population of Orissa are residing in this region. This area has 29.75% of the total economically backward people, 25.8% of the cultivators, 27.52% of the agricultural labourers, 32.18% of the house-hold industrial worker, 25.36% of the workers, 30.54% of the marginal workers and 22.87% of the non-workers of Orissa state.

Geography
Geographically, this tract of land is mostly mountainous and hilly, interspersed with rivers and valleys. The floral diversity and topographical variety ensures the experience of all the six seasons in this area. In the last few decades, western Orissa is suffering from repeated drought. [5]. Koshal region is considered the poorest region in India.[6]

People
2

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sambalpuri Region
adolescent poems are "Sajani", "Chhata", "Daika", "Bhekani" : the eternal youth composes "Rasarkeli", "Jaiphul", "Maila Jada", "Bayamana", "Gunchikuta" and "Dalkhai", The work-man’s poetry comprises "Karma" and "Jhumer" pertaining to Lord Vishwakarma and the "Karamashani" goddess. The professional entertainers perform Dand, Danggada, Mudgada, Ghumra, Sadhana, sabar – Sabaren, Disdigo, Nachina – Bajnia, Samparda and Sanchar. They are for all occasions, for all time with varieties of rhythm and rhyme.

Sambalpuri language
The chief communicative language of the Koshal region is Sambalpuri. Not much research have been done on the accent and phonetics of the Sambalpuri language, and it is generally considered to be a dialect of Oriya[7]; however, some recent research done at Sambalpur University claimed Sambalpuri as a separate language and introduced a One year Diploma course in Sambalpuri Studies .[8] Popular belief is also that sambalpuri is a distinct language from Oriya[9][10] Sambalpuri is spoken in 10 district of Western Orissa.

Folk musical instruments
The folk musical instruments which are in vogue in the Koshal region are as follows : Dhulak, Pakhoj, Dugitabla, Mridanga, Mardal, Nalbaja, Dhapada, Timkidi, Nagara, Behela, Khanjani, Dhapli, Muhuri, Bansi, Singh-Kahali, Bir-Ka-hali, Ghulghula, Ghunguru, Kendera, Khadkhadi, Ektara, Ghumra, Gini, Kathi, Jhanj, Dhol, Madal, Nishan and Tasha. Out of these the Dhol, Madal, Nishan and Tasha are the four oldest percussion instruments without any modification which have been used in combination or in to two in almost all types of folk songs. Dhol is the oldest instrument of this region, which is the easiest to make. Madal is the second percussion instrument which shows craftsmanship and research. Nishan is the miniature of Nagara which is supposed to be carried by the dancer over his shoulder or around his waist, while he dances.

Art and culture
The Koshal region is culturally influenced by several different cults and religions. Its history dates back to the Mahabharat and Buddhist period. Folk songs and dances of this area have been revived and recognised during the last quarter of a century. Beginning from "Dand" (Danda Yatra and Danda Nata), which is considered to be one of the oldest forms of variety entertainment in India, to the modern "Krushnaguru Bhajan", a type of folk lyrics and songs. Sambalpuri songs are immensely popular throughout Orissa.Some of the super hit songs are Rangabati,Ekda Ekda,Dalkhai,Panbala Babu etc

Dance

Indoor Games of Kosal
There are many Indoor games in Kosal region ,many of which are extinct and currently not being played anymore but the following two games despite modernization are still unaffected. Though these games are played only by some of the tribal villagers and they are also on the verge of extinction. • CHHAKA : Chhaka is an indoor game popular among women folk of the kosal/ sambalpuri region. It is played with the help of 6 pieces of large-sized shell (couri) and 16 pieces of multi coloured wooden dots. The game is so popular that a complete set of "Couris’ and dots is taken by the bride to her husband’s house after marriage.

Traditional Sambalpuri folk dancers performing on Dalkhai The children’s verses are known as "Chhiollai", "Humobauli" and "Dauligit", the

3

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• GANJAPA : The game is probably named after ist inventor Gajapada. It is played with circular shaped cards one and half inches diameter. The pack consists 144 cards divided in to 12 suits of 12 cards each, six of the suit belongs to Ram’s division and rest six suits to Ravan’s division. Thus the game centers round the famous epic episode of the fight between Ram and Ravana. The village Champamal in Sonepur district is traditionally famous for manufacture of beautiful Ganjapa Cards.

Sambalpuri Region

Rangabati
Rangabati is a modern folk song written about 1975, which enjoyed international popularity in the 1970s and 1980s.It was sung by Jitendra Haripal.[11]

Sambalpuri Saptapad Saree.The oldest form of sambalpuri tye and dye hand woven textile throughout India.[12] Varieties of the Sambalpuri sari include Sonepuri, Pasapali, Bomkai, Barpali, Bapta saris which have substantial demand. Most of them have been named after the places of their origin, and are popularly known as Pata. Paintings on Tussar saris depicting Mathura Vijay, Raslila and Ayodhya Vijay owe their origin to ‘Raghurajpur patta paintings’.

Sambalpuri movie
In the year 1989 the movie "Bhukha", which till date is the only feature movie in Sambalpuri language, was made. It was produced and directed by Sri Sabyasachi Mohapatra, under the banner of Kumar Productions. This film portrays the plight of the Bhajnias or folk drummers of Western Orissa and also focuses on effects of modern culture on tribal and folk culture. This movie has showcased the music, culture and tradition of Sambalpuri region. It has also got critical acclaim, and has won several awards. • Special Jury Award as the Best Feature Film at “28th Gijjon International Film Festival, Spain” • Entered in the competition section of World Rural Film Festival, Aurrilac, France • Actors: Sarat Pujari, Sadhu Meher, Bijaya Pujari, Swati Roy, Chitta Pattnaik, Mantu Mahapatra • Music Director: Ramesh Kumar • Screenplay,Produced & Directed : Sabyasachi Mohapatra • Release Year:1989 • Audio:T-Series

Fabric and Design
Sambalpuri fabrics have their original style of craft known as Baandha. Traditionally, craftsmen created Baandhas with images of flora or fauna or with geometrical patterns. More recently, new types of Baandha depicting portrait, landscape and flower pods are being designed. Baandha fabric is created using a tie-dye technique. The yarns are tied according to the desired patterns to prevent absorption of dyes, and then dyed. The yarns or set of yarns so produced is called ’Baandha’. The unique feature of this form of designing is that the designs get reflected almost identically on both side of the fabric. This versatile technique enables a craftsman to weave colourful designs, patterns and images into a fabric capable of inspiring a thought or convey a message. Thus Baandha can be defined as " A length of systematically arranged yarn, dyed according to a preconceived design in such a manner so as to enable a weaver to portray the design when the yarn is converted to a fabric through the process of weaving". It is believed that this art migrated to Western Orissa along with the Bhulia community who fled Northern India in the year 1192AD after the fall of chouhan

The Sambalpuri sari
The Sambalpuri sari is made from fabric woven on a hand-loom, and is popular

4

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
empire at the hands of the Mughals. Since then up to the year 1925 it flourished in Western Orissa in a limited number of designs and in vegetable colours and consisted mostly of saris used by the womenfolk of the Kosal region. These saris were known as ’Bhulia-Kapta’. The demand was limited, distress sale was common and the craftsmen lived in penury.

Sambalpuri Region
organised by the Director of Textiles, Government of Orissa. He also played an active role in the cooperative movement and organised the Meher Art Fabrics cooperative society ltd and the Sambalpur Regional cooperative Marketing Society Ltd. (RCMS) He was a member of the All India Handloom Board in the year 1953. Till his death he was always elected as the member of the Sambalpur Municipality.

Development
Today the Baandha fabric is popularly known by its geographical and cultural name Sambalpuri owing to the pioneering efforts of Sri Radhashyam Meher, who brought about a radical improvement in the skills of the craftsmen and the quality of the products. Other master craftsmen who contributed to the development of Sambalpuri textiles were Padmashree Kunja bihari Meher, Padmashree Chatrubhuja Meher and Padmashree Krutharth Acharya. Sambalpur textiles today include furnishing materials, dress materials and sarees in silk, cotton and mercirised cotton in a variety of colours and many different designs. Baandha craftsmen are also masters of the ’extra warp’ and ’extra weft’ style of designing which can be seen in almost all forms of Baandha textiles. Radhashyam Meher also produced Khadi textiles using the Baandha art. In 1926, Radhashyam designed the first handloom to weave textiles of ninety inches width. This achievement made him the ’Parda agent’ of the Government of Bihar for the production of furnishing materials. Later, after the formation of the state of Orissa, he became the ’Parda agent’ of the government of Orissa. His dexterity in the Baandha art and his ability to motivate the weaving community in the region to improve their skills by providing the necessary training and incentives enabled the creation of new designs that received international fame and recognition. Radhashyam Meher established his proprietary concern named ’Utkal Parda Agency’ at Sambalpur, for research, production and marketing of Sambalpuri textiles. Acknowledging Radhashyam Meher’s unparalleled contribution to the growth and popularity of ’Baandha art’, the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India has sponsored textile exhibitions coinciding with his birth anniversary on November 20, which is

Industry
Roughly 16 km from the district headquarters of Sonepur, Sagarpali is a big village hosting around 500 bhulia (weaver) families. This is one of the largest weaving villages in western Orissa, a bastion of the Sambalpuri sari. Other areas affluent with handloom weavers are Barpali, Tarbha, Bijepur, and Bargarh.

Terracotta
Terracotta is also a traditional Sambalpuri art of making things using clay.

Traditional costumes of Sambalpuri women
Koshali tribal women wear a type of necklace known as Khagla, a round ornament made from silver. In the upper part of the ear they use an ornament known as Jhalka, in the earlobe they wear an ornament called Gathia, and in the nose, an ornament known as Jharaguna. In their hair they wear Panpatri, Belkhadi, (a small stick used to clip flowerbuds onto hair). They wear two types of ornaments in their hands, known as Katria and Bandria. (In the arms they used to wear one type of ornament known as Tadla). In the legs they wear Painry or Tudal. Rings are also used on fingers and toes. They also wear Janyiphool and Karai Phool, two types of flower. The cloth which local women wear is known as Kapta, that is same as Sambalpuri Saree but is shorter, less wide and thicker.

5

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sambalpuri Region

Eminent Personalities of Kosal Region
• • • Born in the year 1850, Baisakh Purnima, the celebrated religious poet and devotee Bhima Bhoi, it is said, was bron in a Kandha Family in village Granadihs of Rairakhol Sub-Division in Sambalpur District of Koshal region. Bhima Bhoi died on 1895, Siva Chaturdasi. He was born blind. According to the poet him-self, he could acquire his poetic prowess and knowledge about religion only by the blessings of his guru Mahima Mahaprabhu, A list of books written by Bhima Bhoi are Stuti Chintamani, Sruti Nisedha Gita, Ashtaka Bihari Gita, Bhajanamal etc. • Born on 19th January 1926 in village Samaleipadar of Bargarh district, Parbati Giri was just 16 when she was in the forefront of agitation following Mahatma Gandhi’s “Quit India” call. She continued to serve the nation socially after independence. She opened an orphanage at Paikmal village and devoted rest of her life for the welfare of orphans. • Known for his service and benevolence par excellence, Isaac Santra was born in the year 1892 at Sambalpur. He graduated as a Doctor from Cuttack and entered into Leprosy Eradication Mission. He established a Lepers’ home at Hatibari, a village surrounded by dense forests and spent his time in serving the patients. Highly admired by the patients, academic circles in abroad, even by Mahatma Gandhi during later’s visit to Sambalpur for his humanitarianism and philanthropy, Isaac Santara was honoured by Government of India with Padmashree award. He also edited a magazine Prabhatee, propounding human values and qualities. He died on 29th August, 1968. • Born on 20th March 1900 in a brahmin family in Dabkatikra village of Bargarh district, Padmashree Krutartha Acharya pioneered in making the Sambalpuri design and fabric based on “Tie and Dye” method inside and outside the country. He established the

A Sambalpuri urban women wearing a traditional Sambalpuri bapta Pata saree

Large structures and monuments
• The Hirakud Dam • Ordnance Factory • ACC Cement Ltd. Badmal Balangir is the only Ordnance factory of Orissa.

6

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sambalpuri Bastralaya in 1930 and subsequently formed a Cooperative Societies of weavers of the district and the nearby districts. • Satya Narayan Bohidar was born on 1st August, 1913 at Sonepur. His formative and creative years were spent in Sambalpur that produced a large number of literary translations and biographies. Bohidar prepared the dictionary and basic grammar to the uncodified Sambalpuri Language. • Kunjabihari Meher was born in 1928 at Barpali. He was an artist of Sambalpuri Ikat, and was called as Kala-Gourav (Glory of Art) for his extraordinary skill, invention of new designs and constant efforts for popularization Sambalpuri handloom fabrics (Tie & Dye). The artistry of Meher has been preserved in Port History Museum of U.S.A and Museum of Germany besides the State and National Museums of India. He was honoured with Padmashree Samman in 1998. He has also been presented the Honourary Felicitation of Liberty Bell by Governor of Philadelphia. • Maharana was born in 1959 at Barpali and specialized in Terracotta roof tiles. Each roof tile made of mixture of black and red clays has a figure of an animal, bird or human being perched on top of it. He has given live demonstration of this indigenous art at N.H.&H. Museum, New Delhi, Craft Bazaars of Calcutta, Chennai, Bangalore, Surajkund. He has represented the country for live demonstration of this art in Japan (1988) and Denmark (1994). He is the recipient of National Award (1986) and Kalanidhi Award (1991) and Special Recognition from Japan. Doordarshan telecast a special feature on him is Surabhi Programme in September 1991 and STAR TV in 1996.

Sambalpuri Region
attention of tourists. Similarly, the Khandadhar Waterfall in Sundargarh district is also a tourist spot. The Mahanadi and the Tel river in Suvarnapur district present beautiful natural scenes and the confluence of the two rivers present a memorable sight. The following tourist spots are there in the kosal Region:

Bargarh
• Debrigarh - A peak in the Barapahar hills where Veer Surendra Sai the great Koshali freedom fighter was captured in 1864 by British soldiers and also has a wildlife sanctuary. • Other Places of Tourism- Nrusinghanath temple at Paikmal,Kedarnath Temple at Ambabhona, Baidyanath Temple at Deogaon, Balunkeswar Temple at Gaisama, Swapneswar Temple at Sorna, Visweswar Temple at Soranda, and Nilakantheswar Temple at Nilji.

Balangir
• Balangir - The modern capital of ex-patna state and the current district head quarter.It is famous for numerous Sambalpuri Saree shops,Samaleswari temple, Patneswari Temple, Nrusinghanath Temple, Santoshi mata temple, Gopal jee temple, Sailashree Palace, Rajendra Park and numerous lakes within the town. • Patnagarh- The ancient capital of the kingdom of Patna is famous for the 12th Century Someswar Siva Temple and Patneswari Temple. • Ranipur-Jharial- Famous for the Hypaethral Temple of sixty-four Yoginis and being a place of religious confluence of faiths like Saivism, Buddhism, Vaisnavism and Tantrism. • Kusang- Kusangei Temple,Kusang is an 11th century temple of Maa Kusangei and it’s a fine example of the Koshali architecture. • Saintala, known for its Chandi temple and images depicting ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu. • Turekela Attractive for viewing colorful wild life, like tigers, dear, bears, monkeys etc. and chirping birds perched on trees. • Dharpagarh- Religious importance with a big tank called "Dashamati Sagar"

Tourist places of Kosal region
Places of natural beauty are in abundance in Western Orissa(Kosal). The Patala Ganga spot at Nuapada District is also a place of attraction for tourists. Ushakothi, Hirakud and Budrama in Sambalpur district attract the

7

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
guarded with the shrines of Chandi, Duarsuni, Samaleswari, Patneswari, Siva and Vishnu. • Harishankar - Famous for 15th Centaury Vishnu and Bhairavi Temple stands on the Southern slope of the Gandhamardan hills complemented by uncommon scenic charms and a perennial stream.

Sambalpuri Region
• Patora, Sindursil and Thipakhol- Scenic Spot • Yogimatha- Cave Paintings

Sambalpur
• Huma- Famous for Leaning temple of Lord Siva where catching fishes are not allowed people say that if you kill any fishes from the river which flows behind Huma Temple you will become stone statue ( Relatively more oldest and leaned than the leaning tower of Pisa). • Ushakothi- Wild life sanctuary harbours elephants, tigers, gours, sambars, black panthers, deer, spotted deer, and wild bears etc. • Hirakud Dam is situated 16km away from Sambalpur which is one of the longest dams in the world, about 16 mi (26 km) in length and the dam extends a lake, 55 km long. • Kandhara- Birthplace of Poet Bhima Bhoi (the great propounder of Mahima Dharma), and a pilgrimage-cum-sight seeing spot. • Sambalpur town- Famous for several temples of Liakhai, Madanmohan, Satyabadi, Bariha, Brahampura, Dadhibamana, Timini, Gopalji, Budharaja Shiva Temple, Maneswar Shiva Temple, Gupteswar, Balunkeswar, Loknath, the Goddess Samaleswari, Pataneswari, Batmangala, Budhimaa, and Mahamayi etc. and Sambalpuri handlooms. • Other Tourist Places- Gudguda (Scenic Spot), Chipilima (Ghanteswari Temple, natural fall, State livestock Breeding Farm and Agricultural Farm) and Hatibari. • In naktideul block a famous temple named kunjamura is situated. It is situated near tikira jora • Gudguda 35km from kuchinda

Boudh
• Three remarkable Buddhist statues situated in Boudh town, shyamsundarpur village, and Pragalapur village; ninth century A.D.old Rameswar temple; Jogindra Villa Palace; Hanuman temple, Chandra Chuda & Matengeswar temple; Gandharadi temple, Padmatola Sanctuary, and Nayakpada Cave.

Deogarh
• Pradhanpat- Waterfall on the Pradhanpat hill and a place of scenic beauty.

Jharsuguda
• Gujapahar, Kuilighugar, PikalghugarScenic Spot • Vikramkhol-Pictographic Inscriptions • Kolabira fort • Shiva shrine Mahadevpali (Samasingha, Laida and Sudhamal) • Koilighugar Waterfall (Lakhanpur) • Ranidarah (Samasingha)

Kalahandi
• Dharmagarh (Historical Site, Paradeswar Temple, Bhim Khoj) • Talguda (Fort) • Mardiguda, Thuamul- Rampur, and Jakam (Scenic Spot) • Kusurla and Sapagaranda (Religious Centre). • Phurlijharan (Waterfall) • Bhawanipatna (Centuries old Manikeswari Temple and Royal Palace, Chhatar Jatra) • Junagrh (Lankeswari Temple, Khanda Basa festival) • Ampani • Mukhiguda-Japiatna (Indravati Dam) • Dokrichanchra • Asurgarh

Sonepur
• Binika(Papakshya Ghat)-Religious Centre. • Chandalipat Puja Dunguri- Religious Centre. • Sonepur town- Known as the ‘Second Varanasi of India’ abode there several temples and gardens such as Suvarnameru (situated on the on the left bank of river Tel towards the southwest of the confluence of river Mahanadi and Tel), Gopinatha, Dadhivamana Deva, Sri Vrindavan Vihari, Gundicha, Sureswari,

Nuapada
• Budhikomna and Patalaganga- Religious Centre

8

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stamv esvari or Khamvesvari, Bhagavati, Samalesvari, Budhi Samalei, Manikesvari, Narayani, Sitalei, Lankesvari, and Sasisena. • Charada- Historical Site. • Khaliapali- Mahima Shrine

Sambalpuri Region
[5] Traditional Water Harvesting the Answer to Western Orissa’s Perennial Drought Woes [6] ""KBK still the poorest"". The Indian Express. http://kbkorissa.blogspot.com/ 2008/05/kbk-still-poorest.html. [7] "Ethnologue report for Oriya". SIL International. http://www.ethnologue.com/ show_language.asp?code=ori. [8] Diploma in Sambalpuri Studies [9] India Parliament discussing about sambalpuri language [10] About the distinction of sambalpuri language [11] "And the singer sings his song ", The Hindu, May 27, 2001. [12] "Sambalpuri Sari: Living tradition ", Merinews.com, Nov 20, 2008

Sundergarh
• Rourkela- Steel Plant and Hanuman Temple, • Vedvyas, Ghogar- Religious Centre • Khandadhar, Miriglotah- Waterfall • Junagada- Fort • Chhatri Hill, Darjeeng, Deodaraha, Mandira- Scenic Spot

References
[1] ""Demand For a Separate Koshal statehood"". The Hindu. http://www.hinduonnet.com/2004/04/14/ stories/2004041406001400.htm. [2] ""Demand for Koshal state gaining Momentum"". cfnonline. http://www.cnfonline.org/2001/ 2001v9n82.htm. [3] ""Kosal Kranti dal,political party demanding for separate kosal statehood"". OneIndia. http://news.oneindia.in/2007/11/28/ regional-party-kosal-kranti-floated-inorissa-1196361747.html. [4] Population of Western Orissa

External links
• • • • • • • • • Govt. Website on Balangir Govt. Website on Sambalpur Govt. Website on Bargarh Govt. Website on Kalahandi Govt. Website on Nuapada Govt. Website on Jharsuguda Govt. Website on Boudh Voice of sambalpuri region Koshal cultural & Welfare Assoc. Bangalore • Sambalpur Photos and Wallpapers • Western Orissa Development Council

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sambalpuri_Region" Categories: Indian culture This page was last modified on 14 May 2009, at 09:28 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

9


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:1508
posted:5/27/2009
language:Punjabi
pages:9