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Salinas, California

Salinas, California
City of Salinas, California - Water Elevation 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2) 52 ft (16 m)

Population (2006) 148,350 - Total 7,946.3/sq mi (3,068.1/ - Density km2) Time zone - Summer (DST) ZIP codes PST (UTC-8) PDT (UTC-7) 93901-93902, 93905-93908, 93912, 93915, 93962 831 06-64224 0277589 http://www.ci.salinas.ca.us/

Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website

Seal

Nickname(s): America’s Salad Bowl

Salinas is the county seat and largest municipality of Monterey County in the U.S. state of California. The most current estimate from the California Department of Finance, places the 2006 population at 148,350,[1] showing a small decline since 2000. The largely suburban city is located at the mouth of the Salinas Valley roughly eight miles from the Pacific Ocean and enjoys a mild climate. The climate is also ideal for the floral industry and grape vineyards planted by world-famous vintners. Salinas is known for being an agricultural center as well as being the hometown of famed writer and Nobel prize laureate John Steinbeck.

Location of Salinas, California

History
Salinas began around 1856 as the Halfway House, a stagecoach stop between Monterey and San Juan Bautista. In 1867, a post office was established, Salinas City was laid out, and the city was incorporated ten years later. The city was named after the word for Salty Marsh in Spanish, salinas. Salinas’ economy is largely based on agriculture. Located in one of California’s richest farming regions, the area produces a variety of fruits and vegetables, including lettuce, strawberries, watermelons, broccoli, carrots, cabbages and spinach. Therefore many major vegetable producers are headquartered in Salinas. The historic prevalence of row crops

Coordinates: 36°41′2″N 121°38′35″W / 36.68389°N 121.64306°W / 36.68389; -121.64306 Country State County Government - Mayor - Senate - Assembly - U. S. Congress Area - Total - Land United States California Monterey Dennis Donohue Jeff Denham (R) Anna M. Caballero (D) Sam Farr (D) 22.8 sq mi (52.5 km2) 22.8 sq mi (52.5 km2)

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is documented by aerial photographic interpretation of Earth Metrics,[2] which study also indicated a major conversion of cropland to urban uses over the time period 1956 to 1968,[3][4] with that trend continuing for the next decades as well. Salinas was also the birthplace of writer and Nobel Prize laureate John Steinbeck. The recently revitalized historic downtown, featuring much fine Victorian architecture, is home to the National Steinbeck Center by Kasavan Architects, Executive Architect, the Steinbeck House (open weekdays) and the John Steinbeck Library. The city is currently meeting with a group of local businesspeople who have received preliminary approval for a plan to build a mixed-use development on the site of the old Cominos Hotel which was torn down in the early 1990s due to earthquake damage. The plan calls for a high-rise hotel, conference facilities, retail and condominiums. Plans to restore the old Chinatown, which featured in John Steinbeck’s novel East of Eden, just north of downtown, began in March 2007 with a vision of mixed uses emphasizing walkable neighborhoods, affordable and workforce housing, social services, retail and public green spaces. Widewaters Near-Downtown Development Proposal: This proposal anticipates the potential development of new municipal facilities; city hall, police station, library and other governmental uses, combined with new commercial locations and new residential components in a multi-block area located two streets westward of the central city downtown area of the 100/200/300 blocks of Main Street (Oldtown area). The primary properties to be considered for redevelopment include many City of Salinas parcels, buildings, and parking facilities. As many as five city blocks could be effected by this new redevelopment plan. The City of Salinas is currently in the process of establishing an exclusive negotiating agreement with the Widewaters Group.

Salinas, California
the Salinas Valley to the east and spectively. Both mountain ranges Salinas Valley run approximately (145 km) south-east from Salinas King City. west, reand the 90 miles towards

Demographics

Map of income distribution in Salinas.[5] At the 2005 census,[6] there were 22 people, 39,297 households and 25 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,948.4 per square mile (3,068.1/km²). There were 39,659 housing units at an average density of 2,086.8/sq mi (805.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 45.16% White, 6.22% Asian American, 3.27% African American, 1.26% Native American, 38.70% from other races, and 5.12% from two or more races. 64.13% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. 49.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.6% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.69 and the average family size was 4.08. Age distribution was 32.0% under the age of 19 or younger, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 15.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 117.7 males. For every 102 females age 18 and over, there were 117.4 males. The median household income was $43,728, and the median family income was $44,669. Males had a median income of

Geography
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.8 square miles (52.5 km²), all of it land. The city lies approximately 18 meters (59 ft) above sea level and is located roughly eight miles from the Pacific Ocean. The Gabilan and Santa Lucia mountain ranges border

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$35,641 versus $27,013 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,495. About 12.8% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. Median household income in the city tended to be significantly higher alongside the city limits, especially in the northern Harden Ranch and Creekbridge neighborhoods. East Salinas and the downtown area suffered from a very low median household income as well as high crime rates. South and North Salinas featured roughly the same level of median households income with the latter being home to city’s wealthiest newly constructed neighborhoods.[5]

Salinas, California
will provide some $11 million in funding to take effect in the 2007 fiscal year. The measure will allow the city to start restoring more than $15 million in service cuts including the closure of three recreation centers and the elimination of graffiti abatement and crossing guard money for schools. An independent oversight committee was appointed by the City Council to oversee the money raised by the tax increase, which will be in place for the next 10 years. In April 2006, the committee recommended dedicating 70% of revenues to restoring library and police services. In 2006, the city’s financial situation was considerably improved, as Salinas officials announced a budget surplus. In July 2007, library restoration had progressed enough to increase opening hours to 117 (across the three branches), which was the number before the budget cuts but only 68% of the system’s peak of 171. In late July, the city announced the hiring of a new library director who declared a long-term goal of opening the system 7 days a week, which was achieved in October 2008. Various community groups, including Friends of the Salinas Public Library and the Salinas Library Commission, are championing the effort for reinvention of the library system to improve and expand services.

Economy
Salinas is known as the Salad Bowl of America or Salad Bowl of the World. Over 80% of the lettuce grown in the United States is grown in the Salinas Valley. The city’s labor force is 54.6% blue collar and 45.4% white collar. According to the 2000 US Census, 24% of the population worked in sales and office occupations, 21.4% worked in management, professional, and related occupations, 16.2% worked in service occupations, 14.9% worked in farming, fishing, and forestry occupations, 14.4% worked in production, transportation, and material moving occupations, and 9.1% worked in construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations.

Housing prices
In 2005, Salinas was ranked as the least affordable city in the United States. According to Alen Tugend, writing for the New York Times, "in 2005, the least-affordable place in the country to live, measured by the percentage of income devoted to mortgage payments, was Salinas, Calif."[8] While the median household income in Salinas remains near the national median at $50,165,[9] the median home price in the city has risen to $560,600.[10] The large discrepancy between household income levels and the median home price is largely due to a surge in house prices in the coastal California. Between 2004 and 2005, home prices within the city rose by 23.3%.[11] The city has seen double digit growth in its median home prices each consecutive year between 2000 and 2005. During the 2000 US Census, the median asking price for a home was $229,000.[12] Since then home prices have risen by $326,000 (142%) to over a half-million dollars. Household income, however, only rose a relatively

City funding
During the first half of this decade, the Salinas city government struggled to deal with funding shortages. A downturn in the state economy, combined with an unusually low per-capita tax base, forced the city to curtail certain services. During the crisis, Salinas almost became the first city in the United States to close its libraries.[7] However, private donations provided an ample stop-gap measure, keeping the libraries open with reduced hours. Donations were raised through Rally Salinas!, a grassroots fundraising organization launched by the city’s mayor, to keep the libraries open through 2005. In November 2005, voters approved a tax measure to fund several vital services in the city, including libraries, by a 61 percent vote. The measure, known locally as Measure V,

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Type of Data

Salinas, California

1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2006 2007 2008 7.0 6.7 6.3 12.9 12.5 14.6 9.7 9.7 12.6 12.9 10.7 10.0 22.9

Salinas 11.1 Homicide rate National 8.0 homicide rate

8.3

8.7

9.8

9.5

8.2

6.8

5.7

5.6

5.7

5.6

N/A

N/A

N/A

modest 16.27%.[13] Today Salinas has a far higher median home price than considerably more affluent communities such as Bellevue, Washington with a median home price of $405,000 and a median household income of $88,432.[14] As of 2006, the city’s median household income remained 8.6% above the national median of $46,000, while the median home price had risen to 232.68% above the national median of $167,500.[10] However, in the aftermath of the subprime mortgage crisis, home prices are in the process of returning to some semblance of affordability. The real estate research website Zillow’s data shows that, as of mid-2008, home prices in Salinas had returned to early 2004 levels, eliminating nearly all of the appreciation of the speculative bubble peak years. A planned major redevelopment project located in the eastern portion of the central city area is anticipated to include more than 50 acres of currently developed properties. This project, as proposed, will offer mixeduse environment for residential, retail, services, commercial, office space and municipal uses.

improvement. The number of aggravated assaults fell from 844 in 1993 to 661 in 1998. In 2004, there were 11.4 murders per 100,000 residents, more than twice the national average of 5.5. In 2005, however, the city’s homicide rate decreased dramatically to a record low of 4.96 homicides per 100,000 persons, approximately 15% below national average where it remained for 2006. But in 2007 there were 14 homicides.[15] Overall the rate of homicides per 100,000 persons has remained largely stagnant since the mid 1980s, having retreated from its record high levels in mid and late 1990s.[16][17] SOURCE: US Department of Justice Statistics, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2005; KSBW.com, 2009

Weather

Crime

On March 10, 2006, a record breaking storm covered many of the nearby mountain tops in a white blanket of snow. Snow in the city of Salinas is extremely rare. Salinas has cool and moderate temperatures, due to the "natural air conditioner" that conveys ocean air and fog from the Monterey Bay to Salinas, while towns to the north and south of Salinas experience hotter summers, as mountains block the ocean air. Thus, Salinas weather is closer to that of the Central Coast of California, rather than that of inland valleys, and thus enjoys a mild Mediterranean climate with typical daily highs ranging from around 52 °F (11 °C) in the winter to around 72 °F (22 °C) in the summer. The

The homicide rate since 1985 for Salinas, Sacramento and the US total. One of the city’s most serious problems are the violent crime-gangs. While the city’s current violent crime rate is above the national average, historic trends suggest

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difference between ocean and air temperature also tends to create heavy morning fog during the summer months, known as the marine layer, driven by an onshore wind created by the local high pressure sunny portions of the Salinas Valley, which extend north and south from Salinas and the Bay. The average annual rainfall for the city is approximately 14.4 inches (370 mm). Occasionally, there is snowfall on the peaks of the Gabilan and Santa Lucia mountain ranges, but snow in the city itself is extremely rare, occurring about once every 10 to 20 years on average. •

Salinas, California
Cebu City, Philippines

Services
Transportation
Rail
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, serves Salinas, operating its Coast Starlight daily in each direction between Seattle, Washington, and Los Angeles.

Bus
Public transportation via bus is provided by Monterey-Salinas Transit. Public buses take passengers throughout the county, as well as San Jose and Gilroy. Buses to San Jose and Gilroy connect to Caltrain and Amtrak in those cities.

Arts and culture
Salinas boasts an emerging arts scene led by the First Fridays Art Walk [4] and the innovative use of non-traditional or business venues to exhibit art and host live local music. The oldest gallery in Salinas, the Valley Art Gallery, has been active for over 30 years. The Hartnell College Gallery hosts worldclass exhibitions of art during the school year. The National Steinbeck Center [5] has two galleries with changing exhibits, and the city’s newest @Risk Gallery features cuttingedge and visionary exhibitions. The Art Walk, held in the downtown area, features 50 venues. Live theater companies in Salinas include Ariel Theatrical [6] located in the Wilson’s Children’s Theater in Oldtown Salinas, and the Western Stage [7], a professional company who performs in the Hartnell College Performing Arts Center designed by Kasavan Architects. Live local music is available at many restaurants in the downtown area, and during the First Fridays Art Walk. Concerts are held at the historic Fox California Theater [8], Sherwood Hall and the Salinas Sports Complex [9],designed by Kasavan Architects, as well as at Hartnell Community College [10]. Salinas is home to many public murals, including work by John Cerney [11] which can be viewed in the agricultural fields surrounding the city. Claes Oldenburg [12] placed his sculpture, Hat in Three Stages of Landing, in Sherwood Park at the center of the city.

Airport
Salinas Municipal Airport is located on the southeastern boundary of the City of Salinas, three miles (5 km) from the city center. It is a general aviation facility occupying 763 acres (3.1 km2), with three runways serving single and twin engine aircraft and helicopters, as well as an increasing number of turbopropeller and turbine-powered business jets. The airport has an air traffic control tower in operation twelve hours a day, seven days a week. The airport terminal is located on Mortensen Avenue and houses airport office staff as well as professional offices. The city is currently accepting proposals for leasing and operation of the restaurant located within the Terminal. Salinas Airport Commissioners agreed to a proposed project that would bring a 100-room hotel, offices and hangars to a vacant lot in front of the Salinas Municipal Airport terminal. The Salinas Jet Center would include a national chain hotel, 80,000 square feet (7,000 m2) of office space, four large complexes combining more offices with airplane hangars and a 24-hour, full-service aircraft fueling station. The project would also include a taxiway to allow planes to access the new hangars. The airport has full Instrument Landing System (ILS) and VHF omnidirectional range (VOR) located on the airport. The ILS has a Medium Intensity Approach Lighting System, with Runway Alignment Indicator Lights. The VOR approach has Runway End Identifier

Sister cities
• • Ichikikushikino, Kagoshima, Japan Guanajuato, Mexico

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Lights. All but the ILS runway, RWY 31, have Visual Approach Slope Indicators (VASIs). The airport is the site of the California International Airshow, set annually in the late summer or early autumn. The event draws thousands of visitors to Salinas over its threeday run. Airport operational statistics Aircraft based on the field: 224; Single engine airplanes: 160; Multi engine airplanes: 49; Jet airplanes: 1; Helicopters: 14; Aircraft operations: avg 237/day; Transient general aviation 57%; Local general aviation 40%; Air taxi 5%; Military less than 1%.

Salinas, California
poetry, winetasting, a carnival, barbecues and a gala cowboy ball.

Gallery

Media
Local newspapers include the The Salinas Californian and Monterey County Herald. Television service for the community comes from the Monterey-Salinas-Santa Cruz designated market area (DMA). Local radio stations include: • KPRC-FM - 100.7 • KDON-FM - 102.5 • KRAY-FM - 103.5 • KOCN-FM - 105.1 • KDBV-AM - 980 • KTGE-AM - 1570 • KHDC-FM - 90.9

Education
School districts in Salinas
Salinas has seven school districts serving the city core and adjacent unincorporated areas. The largest school district in Salinas is the Salinas Union High School District (grades 7-12) with 13,578 students enrolled in 10 campuses.[19] The Salinas City Elementary School District is the largest elementary school district in Salinas, with 12 schools and 7,954 students. [20]. Other districts include Santa Rita Union Elementary School District, Graves Elementary School District, Washington Union School District, Lagunita School District]], and Alisal Union School District.

Notable residents

Higher education
Opportunities for higher education in Salinas include Hartnell College, a California Community College.

Hospitals
The Salinas Valley Memorial Hospital and Nativdad Medical Center are both located in Salinas. The Steinbeck house in downtown Salinas • Monica Abbott, 2008 Olympic softball pitcher[21] • Everett Alvarez, Jr., American Navy pilot and prisoner of war[22] • Dustin Lance Black, Academy Awardwinning screenwriter[23] • Chris Dalman, National Football League offensive lineman and coach[24] • Jackie Greene, singer-songwriter and blues musician • Alvin and Calvin Harrison, twins, and 1996 Olympic Track and Field athletes • Vanessa Hudgens, singer and actress

Points of interest
California Rodeo Salinas
Salinas is a major stop on the professional rodeo circuit. The California Rodeo Salinas began in 1911 as a Wild West Show on the site of the old race track ground, now the Salinas Sports Complex. Every third week of July is Big Week, when cowboys and fans come for the traditional rodeo competitions, including bullriding. Rodeo-related events held in Salinas and Monterey include cowboy

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Salinas, California

The National Steinbeck Center, devoted to John Steinbeck • Ernie Irvan, NASCAR driver • Joe Kapp, National Football League quarterback • Slim Keith, socialite • Craig Kilborn, talk show host • Xavier Nady, Major League Baseball player • Carl Nicks, National Football League offensive lineman • Kassim Osgood, National Football League wide receiver, Pro-Bowl • Van Partible, cartoonist • Del Rodgers, National Football League running back • John Steinbeck, author and Nobel laureate • Anthony Toney, National Football League running back • Monty Roberts, horse tamer and author of The Man Who Listens to Horses • Cain Velasquez, collegiate wrestler/mixed martial arts fighter, signed with UFC

References
[1] "California Department of Finance, 2006 population estimate". http://www.dof.ca.gov/HTML/ DEMOGRAP/ReportsPapers/Estimates/ E1/documents/E-1table.xls. Retrieved on 2007-01-05. [2] Earth Metrics Inc., Aerial photographic interpretation for Salinas, California and Environmental Assessment for Canada Mobile Estates, Salinas, California, January 1990 [3] U.S.G.S. Map May 14,1956 ABG-6R-5, #75 1:20,000 [4] U.S.G.S. Map June 13,1968 GSVBZK-2-224, #214 1:30,000

[5] ^ "US Census Bureau, Income Map". http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ ThematicMapFramesetServlet?_bm=y&tree_id=403&-_MapEvent=zoom&errMsg=&-_useSS=N&-_dBy=150&redoLog=false&-_zoomLevel=4&tm_name=DEC_2000_SF3_U_M00024&tm_config=. Retrieved on 2006-11-02. [6] "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [7] Beck, David L. (November 21, 2004). "Salinas prepares to shut libraries, a first in state". San Jose Mercury News: p. 1B. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/ Archives?p_product=SJ&s_site=mercurynews&p_mu Retrieved on 2008-10-20. [8] "Tugend, A. (May 7, 2005). "The Least Affordable Place to Live? Try Salinas." The New York Times.". http://www.nytimes.com/2006/05/07/ realestate/07california.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-21. [9] "US Census Bureau, Salinas median household income". http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ QTTable?_bm=y&geo_id=16000US0664224&qr_name=DEC_2000_SF3_U_QTP32&ds_name=D&-_lang=en. Retrieved on 2006-12-28. [10] ^ "US Census Bureau, US Census Bureau, Salinas 2005 demographic profile". http://factfinder.census.gov/ servlet/ ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoConte Retrieved on 2006-12-28. [11] "Money Magazine, Salinas median home price". http://money.cnn.com/magazines/ moneymag/bpretire/2006/snapshots/ PL0664224.html. Retrieved on 2006-12-28. [12] "US Census Bureau, median home price asked during the 2000 Census". http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ QTTable?_bm=y&geo_id=16000US0664224&qr_name=DEC_2000_SF3_U_QTH6&ds_name=D&-_lang=en&-redoLog=false. Retrieved on 2006-12-28. [13] "US Census Bureau, Salinas median household income, 2000 Census". http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ QTTable?_bm=y&geo_id=16000US0664224&-

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qr_name=DEC_2000_SF3_U_QTP32&ds_name=D&-_lang=en&-redoLog=false. Retrieved on 2006-12-28. [14] "Bellevue, WA median home price and income". http://money.cnn.com/ magazines/moneymag/bplive/2006/ snapshots/PL5305210.html. Retrieved on 2006-12-28. [15] ^ "FBI uniformed crime report statistics, Salinas, 2005". http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/ 05cius/data/table_08_ca.html. Retrieved on 2006-10-23. [16] "US Bureau of Justice Statistics, Violent Crime in Salinas since 1985". http://bjsdata.ojp.usdoj.gov/dataonline/ Search/Crime/Local/ RunCrimeJurisbyJuris.cfm. Retrieved on 2006-10-24. [17] ^ "US Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Vioent Crime Rates". http://bjsdata.ojp.usdoj.gov/dataonline/ Search/Crime/State/ RunCrimeStatebyState.cfm. Retrieved on 2006-10-24. [18] "US Bureau of Justice Statistics, Violent Crime in Salinas since 1985". http://bjsdata.ojp.usdoj.gov/dataonline/ Search/Crime/Local/ RunCrimeJurisbyJuris.cfm. Retrieved on 2006-10-24. [19] [1] [20] [2] [21] USA Softball - Monica Abbot Returns to Salinas [22] Prisoners of War Network - Biography of Everett Alvarez, Jr.

Salinas, California
[23] [3] [24] Stanford Sports - Chris Dalman Profile

See also
• Coastal California • List of school districts in Monterey County, California • Monterey county attractions

External links
• • • • City of Salinas Official Web Site Salinas Chamber of Commerce Downtown Salinas events and info Natividad Medical Center - Public Safety Net Hospital serving all people in Monterey County SkyCam Salinas The Californian - Newspaper serving The City of Salinas Salinas tourism information from the Monterey County Convention & Visitors Bureau National Steinbeck Center Salinas LULAC Council #2055 Salinas.com - Online Guide to Salinas Salinas, California is at coordinates 36°41′02″N 121°38′35″W / 36.683859°N 121.643128°W / 36.683859; -121.643128 (Salinas, California)Coordinates: 36°41′02″N 121°38′35″W / 36.683859°N 121.643128°W / 36.683859; -121.643128 (Salinas, California)

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Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salinas,_California" Categories: Cities in California, Salinas, California, County seats in California, California communities with Hispanic majority populations, Settlements established in 1840, Monterey County, California This page was last modified on 19 May 2009, at 23:17 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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