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Pauline Hanson

Pauline Hanson
Pauline Hanson Member of the Australian Parliament for Oxley In office 1996 – 1998 Preceded by Succeeded by Born Nationality Political party Les Scott Bernie Ripoll 27 May 1954 (1954-05-27) Australian Liberal (1994-96) Independent (1996-97, 2003-07) One Nation (1997-2003) Pauline’s United Australia Party(2007-present) Businesswoman, politician

Profession

Pauline Lee Hanson (nee Seccombe; born 27 May 1954[1]) is an Australian politician and former leader of Pauline Hanson’s One Nation, a political party with a populist and anti-immigration platform. In 2006, she was named by The Bulletin as one of the 100 most influential Australians of all time.[2]

the Liberal Party of Australia and was endorsed as the Liberal Party’s candidate for the House of Representatives electorate of Oxley (based in Ipswich) for the March 1996 Federal election. At the time, Oxley was the safest Labor seat in Queensland. Just prior to the election, Hanson made comments to The Queensland Times - a daily newspaper in Ipswich - advocating the abolition of special government assistance for Aborigines above what was available for other Australians. These comments led to her disendorsement by the Liberal Party during the campaign. However, ballot papers had already been printed listing Hanson as the Liberal candidate, and the Australian Electoral Commission had closed nominations for the seat. As a result, Hanson was still listed as the Liberal candidate when votes were cast. Hanson subsequently won the election easily, with 54 percent of preferences going to the coalition.[3] Due to her disendorsement, she was not allowed to sit with the Liberals, instead sitting as an independent.

Maiden speech
On 10 September 1996 Hanson gave her first speech to the House of Representatives, which was widely reported in the media Australia-wide. In her opening lines, Hanson positioned herself "not as a polished politician but as a woman who has had her fair share of life’s knocks", and with views based on "commonsense, and my experience as a mother of four children, as a sole parent, and as a businesswoman running a fish and chip shop. I won the seat of Oxley largely on an issue that has resulted in me being called a racist. That issue related to my comment that Aboriginals received more benefits than nonAboriginals." Hanson then asserted that "mainstream Australians" were subject to "a type of reverse racism ... by those who promote political correctness and those who control the various taxpayer funded ’industries’ that flourish in our society servicing Aboriginals, multiculturalists and a host of other minority groups." This theme continued with the assertion that "present governments are

Early life
Hanson was raised in Woolloongabba, an inner city suburb of Brisbane. Her grandfather was an immigrant from England in 1908. Her father owned a take-away fish and chip shop. Hanson left school at the age of fifteen after completing Year 10 and worked in a variety of unskilled clerical and service jobs. She accumulated several rental properties, becoming independently wealthy. She married twice and has four children. In her early political career, she was famous for having owned a fish and chips shop in Ipswich, a city near Brisbane.

Political background
Hanson was an independent local councillor in the City of Ipswich from 1994 until an early election due to administrative changes in 1995. Narrowly losing her seat, she joined

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encouraging separatism in Australia by providing opportunities, land, moneys and facilities available only to Aboriginals." Among a series of criticisms of Aboriginal land rights, access to welfare and reconciliation, Hanson criticised the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission, saying "Anyone with a criminal record can, and does, hold a position with ATSIC". There then followed a short series of statements on family breakdown, youth unemployment, international debt, the Family Law Act, child support, and the privatisation of Qantas and other national enterprises. The major issue in her speech was an attack on immigration and the Federal Government policy of multiculturalism: “ Immigration and multiculturalism ” are issues that this government is trying to address, but for far too long ordinary Australians have been kept out of any debate by the major parties. I and most Australians want our immigration policy radically reviewed and that of multiculturalism abolished. I believe we are in danger of being swamped by Asians. Between 1984 and 1995, 40 per cent of all migrants coming into this country were of Asian origin. They have their own culture and religion, form ghettos and do not assimilate. Of course, I will be called racist but, if I can invite whom I want into my home, then I should have the right to have a say in who comes into my country. A truly multicultural country can never be strong or united. The world is full of failed and tragic examples, ranging from Ireland to Bosnia to Africa and, closer to home, Papua New Guinea. America and Great Britain are currently paying the price. Arthur Calwell was a great Australian and Labor leader, and it is a pity that there are not men of his stature sitting on the opposition benches today. Arthur Calwell said: Japan, India, Burma, Ceylon and every new African nation are fiercely anti-white and anti one another. Do we want or need any of these people here? I am one red-blooded Australian who says no and who speaks for 90% of Australians. I have no

Pauline Hanson
hesitation in echoing the words of Arthur Calwell.[4] Additionally, Hanson advocated the return of high-tariff protectionism and generally decried many other aspects of economic rationalism.[4] As a result of her controversial maiden speech, Hanson was briefly catapulted to the forefront of Australian politics, with the Australian population divided on whether Hanson was honest and plain-spoken, a far-right nativist, or misinformed, uneducated and a racist. Some of Hanson’s critics also derided what they saw as her inarticulate style—the very trait that her supporters took to be evidence of her credentials as a speaker ’for the people’. On 13 October 1996, asked by Tracey Curro on 60 Minutes if she was xenophobic, she replied "Please explain?", which has since become an oft-parodied catch phrase within Australian culture. The reaction of the mainstream political parties was overwhelmingly negative, with parliament passing a resolution (supported by all members except Graeme Campbell) condemning her views on immigration and multiculturalism. However, the Prime Minister at the time, John Howard refused to censure Hanson or speak critically about her, acknowledging that her views were shared by many Australians[5], commenting that he saw the expression of such views as evidence that the ’pall of political correctness’ had been lifted in Australia.

Allegations of racism
Despite repeated denials of the racism charge by Hanson, the public discussion of whether or not Hanson’s views were racist quickly became the topic of academic interest in Australia. For example, at the 1997 annual conference of the Australian and New Zealand Communications Association (ANZCA) at La Trobe University, a paper was presented with the title ’Phenomena and Epiphenomena: is Pauline Hanson racist?’.[6] In 1998, Keith Suter argued that Hanson’s views were better understood as an angry response to globalisation.[7] By August 1998 perceptions in Asia of Hanson’s popularity being related to racism were affecting international relations and prompted Alexander Downer, Minister for Foreign Affairs under John Howard to issue a media release calling on Pauline Hanson, David Oldfield and David

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Ettridge to "disassociate themselves from the racist slurs being promoted in the Asian media by people claiming to be their closest supporters."[8] In 2000, The University of NSW press published the book Colour and Identity in Australia and New Zealand, which identified Hanson as a central figure in the ’racism debate’ in Australia of the 1990s, noting that senior Australian academics such as Jon Stratton, Ghassan Hage and Andrew Jakubowicz had explored Hanson’s significance in an international as well as national context[9] In 2004, Hanson appeared on the nationally televised ABC interview show Enough Rope. Archival footage from a 60 Minutes program shot on the streets of Ipswich was used to introduce claims about racism and bigotry in Hanson’s views. Hanson challenged Denton to show her things that she’d said that were racist. Denton instead responded with an example of an abusive letter sent to an Asian girl after Hanson’s speeches. Hanson was then challenged with derogatory comments about Aboriginals made by her "fellow travellers". Hanson distanced herself from the comments.[10] In 2006, ten years after her maiden speech, its effects were still being discussed within a racism framework,[11] as well as being included in resources funded by the Queensland Government on ’Combating racism in Queensland’.[12] Also in December 2006 The Age reported that Greens leader, Senator Bob Brown had labelled Hanson a bloodsucker over her suggestion that Africans are bringing AIDS into Australia. She also said she was concerned by the ease with which people were able to gain Australian citizenship, especially Muslims and Africans. She also made claims that "You can’t have schools not sing Christmas carols because it upsets others. Liberal Bruce Baird said Hanson had her facts wrong in her suggestions of immigrants bringing disease into Australia. He also said "Ms Hanson will never let the truth get in the way of a good story.[13]In relation to African Immigration, Hanson also said "Do you want to see your daughter or a family member end up with aids or anyone for that matter?. In relation to this The Federation of African Communities Council said that the group’s lawyers were lodging a complaint of racial discrimination with the Human Rights Commissioner. [14] In 2007, Hanson publicly backed Kevin Andrews, then

Pauline Hanson
Minister for Immigration under John Howard, in his views about African migrants and crime.[15]

One Nation
On the back of her relatively small but loyal supporter base, in April 1997 she founded Pauline Hanson’s One Nation with her senior advisor David Oldfield and professional fundraiser David Ettridge. Many of her branch formation meetings and political rallies across Australia in the next two years would attract protests, occasionally spilling over to violence between Hanson supporters and protestors. The peak of Hanson’s success occurred in June 1998, when One Nation attracted nearly one-quarter of the vote in that month’s State elections in Queensland, and One Nation won 11 out of 89 seats in the Queensland Legislative Assembly.

"Death" video
In November 1997 Hanson, under suggestion from Oldfield, recorded a video which was to be screened to One Nation members and supporters in the event of her assassination, following claims that she and her daughter had received anonymous death threats.[16][17] The 12-minute tape started off with the following message: “ Fellow Australians, if you are seeing me now, it means I have been murdered. Do not let my passing distract you for even a moment ”

and then urged that “ For the sake of our children and our ” children’s children, you must fight on. Do not let my passing distract you for one moment. We must go forward together as Australians. Our country is at stake

Declining popularity
In 1999, The Australian reported that support for One Nation had fallen from 22 to 5 percent[18]. One Nation Senate candidate Lenny Spencer blamed the press and party director David Oldfield for the October 1998 election defeat[19], while the media reported the redirecting of preferences away from One Nation as the primary reason, with a lack of

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party unity, poor policy choices and an "inability to work with the media" also responsible[20]. She lost her seat in Parliament after an electoral redistribution split Oxley before the 1998 election. She contested the neighbouring Division of Blair and won 36% of the primary vote,[21]slightly over 10% more than her nearest rival. However, preferences were enough to elect the Liberal Party candidate, Cameron Thompson.[21] Nationally, One Nation gained 8.99% of the Senate vote[22] and 8.4% of the Representatives vote,[21] but only one MP was elected - Len Harris as Senator for Queensland. (Heather Hill was originally elected to this position, but the High Court of Australia ruled that although she was an Australian citizen, she was ineligible to sit as a Senator as she had not renounced her childhood British citizenship). Hanson alleges in her 2007 autobiography Pauline Hanson: Untamed & Unashamed that a number of other politicians had dual citizenship yet this did not prevent them from holding positions in Parliament. At the next Federal election on 10 November 2001, Hanson ran for a Queensland Senate seat but narrowly failed. She has accounted for her declining popularity by blaming Prime Minister John Howard for stealing her policies.[23] "It has been widely recognised by all, including the media, that John Howard sailed home on One Nation policies. In short, if we were not around, John Howard would not have made the decisions he did."[23] Other interrelated factors which have contributed to her downfall include her connection with a series of advisors (John Pasquarelli, David Ettridge and David Oldfield), all of whom she has fallen out with; disputes amongst her supporters and a lawsuit over the organisational structure of One Nation. Hanson claimed in 2003 to have been vilified over campaign funding[24]. In 2003 she left Queensland, moved to Sylvania Waters, Sydney in New South Wales (NSW) and stood for the NSW Upper House in the 22 March State election. She lost narrowly to Shooters Party candidate John Tingle.

Pauline Hanson
Hanson had also assisted Australian country musician Brian Letton in making a record with Tommy Tecko. In 2006, she commenced a new career selling real estate in Queensland.[25] She has been parodied and impersonated by drag queen Pauline Pantsdown, who sampled snippets from Hanson’s speeches to create a song called "I’m a Backdoor Man". After Hanson successfully pursued legal action against Pantsdown, Pantsdown used the same technique to create the track "I Don’t Like It", a 1998 Top 10 single in Australia.

Fraud conviction and acquittal
On 20 August 2003, a jury convicted Hanson and Ettridge of electoral fraud. Hanson was sentenced to three years imprisonment by the District Court of Queensland for claiming that 500 members of the "Pauline Hanson Support Movement" were members of the political organisation "Pauline Hanson’s One Nation", in order to register that organisation as a political party and apply for electoral funding. Because the registration was found to be unlawful, Hanson’s receipt of electoral funding worth AUD$498,637 resulted in two further convictions for dishonestly obtaining property. Hanson’s initial reaction to the verdict was - "Rubbish, I’m not guilty. It’s a joke." Prime Minister John Howard said it was "a very long, unconditional sentence" and Bronwyn Bishop MHR said Hanson was a political prisoner, comparing her conviction with Robert Mugabe government’s treatment of Zimbabwean opposition. On 6 November 2003, the Queensland Court of Appeal (comprising Chief Justice P de Jersey, Justice MA McMurdo (President of the Court of Appeal) and Justice JA Davies) quashed Hanson’s and Ettridge’s convictions.[26] McMurdo J publicly rebuked many politicians including Prime Minister John Howard and Mrs Bronwyn Bishop MHR, whose observations, she said, demonstrated at least "a fundamental misunderstanding of the Rule of Law...[and] an attempt to influence the judicial...process". The Court also ruminated that had the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions been better resourced, "the present difficulty may well have been avoided".

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Some criticism was directed at the political interference of Tony Abbott, who had arranged for the lawyers who instituted the legal action which resulted in Hanson going to gaol to act on a largely pro bono basis.[27] Investigations by the ABC’s Four Corners programme showed that Abbott had financed disgruntled ex One Nation member Tony Sharples’s court case against Hanson, in order to derail the One Nation party.[28] In January 2004, Hanson announced that she did not intend to return to politics.[29] After legal troubles in 2000 related to fraudulent registration of the One Nation Party, Hanson was facing bankruptcy. She made an appeal to supporters to give money to help her through her hard times. Shaun Nelson attacked Hanson, saying, "She can afford to live on a $700,000 mansion just outside of Rosewood. The people up here that she’s asking to give money to are pensioners and farmers that are doing it tough."[30] Hanson, however, claimed she considered selling her home.

Pauline Hanson
"Australian Way of Life.", which included the line: "Welcome everyone, no matter where you come from."[37] Hanson contested the electoral district of Beaudesert as an independent at the 2009 Queensland state election.[38] After an election campaign dominated by discussion over hoax photographs, she was placed third behind the Liberal National Party’s Aidan McLindon and Labor’s Brett McCreadie. There are conflicting media reports as to whether she has said she will not consider running again.[39][40]

Dancing with the Stars
In late 2004 during her election campaign, Hanson competed in the Australian Reality TV show Dancing with the Stars on the Seven Network. In the show a number of Australian celebrities compete against one another in ballroom dancing. Hanson and her partner Salvatore Vecchio made it to the final, advancing due to audience support in SMS voting, but lost to former Home and Away star Bec Cartwright.

Return to politics
On 15 September 2004, Hanson announced that she would be standing as an independent candidate for one of Queensland’s seats in the Senate in the 9 October election. She declared, "I don’t want all the hangers on. I don’t want the advisers and everyone else. I want it to be this time Pauline Hanson." She was ultimately unsuccessful, receiving only 31.77% of the required quota of primary votes,[31] and did not pick up enough additional support through preferences. However, she attracted more votes than the One Nation party (4.54% compared to 3.14%)[31] and, unlike her former party, recovered her deposit from the Australian Electoral Commission and secured $150,000 of public electoral funding.[32] On 24 May 2007 Hanson launched Pauline’s United Australia Party.[33] Hanson contested the Queensland Senate in the 2007 Federal elections of which she received over 4% of total votes.[34] The party envokes the partial namesake of the historic United Australia Party.[35] Speaking on her return to politics, she stated: "I have had all the major political parties attack me, been kicked out of my own party and ended up in prison, but I don’t give up."[36] In October 2007, Hanson launched her campaign song, entitled

Autobiography and books published
• Not long after her election to Parliament, Pauline Hanson published and launched a book called The Truth. In this book there were claims of Aboriginal cannibalism . There was mention of Aboriginal women eating their babies and tribes cannibalising their members. Hanson had stated to the media that the reason these claims of cannibalism were to ’demonstrate the savagery of Aboriginal society’.David Ettridge the One Nation party director, explained that the books claims were intended to correct ’misconceptions’ about Aboriginal history. These ’misconceptions’ about Aboriginal history are apparently relevant to Aboriginal welfare funds. He also said that "the suggestion that we should be feeling some concern for modern day Aborigines for suffering in the past is balanced a bit by the alternative view of whether you can feel sympathy for people who eat their babies[41] There were also claims that by 2050 Australia will have a president of Chinese Indian background called Poona

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Li Hung and she would be part machine.
[42]

Pauline Hanson

[13] The AgeHanson a ’bloodsucker’: Brown [14] ABC news Hanson supports African • In 1998 John Pasquarelli had his The refugee reduction Pauline Hanson Story ...by the man who [15] http://www.news.com.au/story/ knows published.[43] 0,23599,22535794-2,00.html Pauline • In March 2007, Hanson published her Hanson backs Kevin Andrews on autobiography Untamed and Unashamed. migrants [44] [45] [16] ENOUGH ROPE with Andrew Denton episode 60: Pauline Hanson (20 September 2004) [17] "Trials of Being a David" Truth in Media, [1] "Senators and Members, by Date of 5 December 1997 Birth" (HTML). Parliament of Australia, [18] Emerson, Scott (24 March 1999). "One Parliamentary Library. Nation loses its heartland". The http://www.aph.gov.au/library/parl/38/ Australian. pp. 6. mpsbyage.htm. Retrieved on 10 March [19] Penberthy, David (17 October 1998), 2009. "Outcasts asunder", ’The Advertiser’: [2] Bloomberg.com: Australia & New 58 Zealand [20] Scott, Leisa (5 October 1998), "It’s my [3] Minor Party Preferences. Antony Green party and I’ll cry if I want to / ONE Election Guide. Federal Election 2004. NATION", The Australian: 3 Australian Broadcasting Corporation [21] ^ Federal Elections 1998 (Research (ABC) Paper 9 1998-99) [4] ^ Maiden Speech Pauline Hanson [22] [1] (Research Paper 8 1998-99) [5] "Pauline Hanson pulls the plug as One [23] ^ "It’s porridge for Pauline". The Age. 20 Nation president". ABC. 14 January August 2003. http://www.theage.com.au/ 2002. http://www.abc.net.au/7.30/ articles/2003/08/20/ content/2002/s458299.htm. Retrieved on 1061261209218.html. Retrieved on 12 29 August 2007. September 2007. [6] http://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/ [24] Strutt, Sam (27 December 2007), UQ:120055 Phenomena and "Hanson will party on Back under a new Epiphenomena: is Pauline Hanson racist? name in new year", Herald Sun: 13 [7] http://www.wacc.org.uk/wacc/ [25] Hanson to sell houses - National publications/media_development/archive/ www.smh.com.au 1998_3/ [26] courts.qld.gov.au The Court’s unanimous australia_the_media_and_the_politics_of_anger decision was that: Australia, the media and the politics of [1] the (more than) 500 persons on the anger list were members of the party; [8] foreignminister.gov.au Hanson Must [2] that even if they had not been, they Disassociate Herself From Racist Slurs were members of a "closely related [9] http://books.google.com.au/ party", which was sufficient under the books?id=3pHjwge_d4MC&pg=PA256&lpg=PA256&dq=pauline+hanson+racism+asian+media&sou Electoral Act 1992 to make the oFf7cDkdeJpfSnyl4sW4&hl=en The registration legal; Racism Debate [3] the registration was legal; and [10] http://www.abc.net.au/tv/enoughrope/ [4] none of the convictions could stand. transcripts/s1203646.htm Pauline [27] Hanson to sue Abbott? Hanson on Enough Rope OpinionWebDiaryArchive2003 [11] http://www.ajn.com.au/news/ www.smh.com.au news.asp?pgID=1590 10 years after [28] Tony Abbott’s dirty Hanson trick - and he Pauline Hanson’s maiden speech, still lied about it, of course lessons to be learned OpinionWebDiaryArchive2003 [12] http://www.multiculturalaustralia.edu.au/ www.smh.com.au history/timeline/period/Transforming[29] Hanson rules out return to politics Multiculturalism/screen/9.Combatinghttp://www.theage.com.au racism-in-Queensland Combating racism [30] AM Archive - Hanson faces bankruptcy in Queensland

References

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Parliament of Australia Preceded by Les Scott Member for Oxley 1996–1998

Pauline Hanson

Succeeded by Bernie Ripoll

[31] ^ Australian Electoral Commission (9 [39] I’ll quit politics, says Hanson: SMH November 2005). "First Preferences by [40] Hanson defeated, blames hoax photos: Candidate - Queensland". The Advertiser http://results.aec.gov.au/12246/results/ [41] Murdoch University The International SenateStateFirstPrefs-12246-QLD.htm. Prohibition Of Racist Organisations: An Retrieved on 7 August 2007. Australian Perspective [32] "Top payout for running". The Northern [42] Books Google Subjectivity By Nick Times: p. 12. 15 October 2004. Mansfield, The Subject and Technology [33] "Now Pauline’s for a united Australia". Page 161 Sydney Morning Herald. 24 May 2007. [43] highbeam.comNormalising http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2007/05/ Pauline.(Pauline Hanson, media 24/1179601573572.html. Retrieved on coverage) 25 May 2007. [44] Radio National Breakfast - 29 March [34] http://results.aec.gov.au/13745/website/ 2007 - Pauline Hanson SenateStateFirstPrefsByGroup-13745-QLD.htm Libraries Australia - Untamed & [45] [35] Current List of Political Parties unashamed : time to explain / Pauline [36] Hanson flying below radar for one last Hanson shot at Senate (The Age, 20 November 2007) [37] Hanson launches campaign song (The • Pauline Hanson’s official website Age, 5 October 2007) [38] Hanson election bid will have voters groaning: Bligh (ABC, 25 February 2009]

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pauline_Hanson" Categories: 1954 births, Living people, Australians of English descent, Australian women in politics, Australian television personalities, Liberal Party of Australia politicians, One Nation politicians, Members of the Australian House of Representatives, Members of the Australian House of Representatives for Oxley, People from Brisbane, Independent Australian politicians, Overturned convictions in Australia This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 03:57 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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