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Mitt Romney

Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney

Governor of Massachusetts in 2002. Romney served one term and did not seek re-election in 2006; his term expired January 4, 2007.[1] Romney was a candidate for the Republican nomination in the 2008 United States presidential election.

70th Governor of Massachusetts In office January 2, 2003 – January 4, 2007 Lieutenant Preceded by Succeeded by Born Kerry Healey Jane Swift (acting) Deval Patrick March 12, 1947 (1947-03-12) Detroit, Michigan Willard Mitt Romney American Republican Ann Romney Five Belmont, Massachusetts Brigham Young University Harvard University Businessman, Politician The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon)

Early life and education
Romney was born in Detroit, Michigan, and is the son of former Michigan Governor, American Motors chairman and 1968 presidential candidate George W. Romney, and 1970 Michigan U.S. Senatorial candidate Lenore Romney. He was named "Willard" after hotel magnate J. Willard Marriott, his father’s best friend.[2] Mitt, his middle name, was the nickname of his father’s cousin Milton Romney,[3] who played quarterback for the Chicago Bears from 1925 to 1929.[4] Mitt Romney has three older siblings: Lynn Romney Keenan; Jane Romney Robinson; and G. Scott Romney.[5] Romney graduated from the Cranbrook School in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan in 1965.[6] After attending Stanford University for two quarters, Romney served in France for 30 months as a missionary for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.[7] Subsequently, Romney attended Brigham Young University, where he graduated as valedictorian, earning his Bachelor of Arts degree summa cum laude in English in 1971. Romney received a ministerial deferment from the military draft while in France, and three years of deferments while a student. When he became eligible for military service in 1970, his high number in the annual draft lottery meant he would not be drafted.[8] In 1975, Romney graduated from a joint Juris Doctor/Master of Business Administration program coordinated between Harvard Law School and Harvard Business School. He graduated cum laude from the law school and was named a Baker Scholar for graduating in the top five percent of his business school class.[9]

Birth name Nationality Political party Spouse Children Residence Alma mater Profession Religion

The Mitt Romney series Governor of Massachusetts, 2003–2007 Presidential campaign, 2007–2008 Political positions Public image

Willard Mitt Romney (born March 12, 1947) is an American businessman and former Governor of Massachusetts. Romney was CEO of Bain & Company, a management consulting firm, and co-founder of Bain Capital, a private equity investment firm. After his business career Romney was elected the 70th


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Mitt Romney
Lake Organizing Committee.[21] Romney revamped the organization’s leadership and policies, reduced budgets, and boosted fund raising. He also worked to ensure the safety of the Games following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 by coordinating a $300 million security budget.[22] Despite the initial fiscal shortfall, the Games ended up clearing a profit of $100 million, not counting the $224.5 million in security costs contributed by outside sources.[23][24] Romney contributed $1 million to the Olympics, and donated the $825,000 salary he earned as President and CEO to charity.[25] He wrote a book about his experience titled Turnaround: Crisis, Leadership, and the Olympic Games.[26]

Business career
After graduation, Romney remained in Massachusetts and went to work for the Boston Consulting Group, where he had interned during the summer of 1974.[10] From 1978 to 1984, Romney was a vice president of Bain & Company, Inc., another management consulting firm based in Boston. In 1984, Romney left Bain & Company to co-found a spin-off private equity investment firm, Bain Capital.[11] During the 14 years he headed the company, Bain Capital’s average annual internal rate of return on realized investments was 113 percent,[12] making money primarily through leveraged buyouts.[13] He invested in or bought many well-known companies such as Staples, Brookstone, Domino’s, Sealy Corporation and Sports Authority.[14] In 1990, Romney was asked to return to Bain & Company, which was facing financial collapse. As CEO, Romney managed an effort to restructure the firm’s employee stock-ownership plan, real-estate deals and bank loans, while increasing fiscal transparency. Within a year, he had led Bain & Company through a highly successful turnaround and returned the firm to profitability without layoffs or partner defections.[12] Romney left Bain Capital in 1998 to head the 2002 Salt Lake City Olympic Games Organizing Committee.[15] He and his wife have a net worth of between 250 and 500 million USD,[16][17] not including Romney’s blind trust in the name of their children, which is valued at about $100 million.[18]

Massachusetts political campaigns
Campaign for United States Senate, 1994
In 1994, Romney won the Massachusetts Republican Party’s nomination for U.S. Senate after defeating businessman John Lakian in the primary.[27] Some early polls showed Romney close to Senator Ted Kennedy. One Boston Herald/WCVB-TV poll taken after the September 20, 1994 primary showed Romney ahead 44 percent to 42 percent, within the poll’s sampling margin of error.[28] Kennedy, who typically faced only "token" GOP opposition for his senate seat was more vulnerable than usual in 1994, in part because of the unpopularity of the Democratic Congress as a whole and also because this was Kennedy’s first election since the William Kennedy Smith trial in Florida, in which Ted Kennedy had taken some public relations hits regarding his character. President Bill Clinton traveled to Massachusetts to campaign for Kennedy.[29] After Romney touted his business credentials and his record at creating jobs within his company, Kennedy ran campaign ads showing an Indiana company bought out by Romney’s firm, Bain Capital, and interviews with its union workers who had been fired and criticized Romney for the loss of their jobs, one saying, "I don’t think Romney is creating jobs because he took every one of them away."[30] Romney claimed that 10,000 jobs were created because of his work at Bain,

Turning around the 2002 Winter Olympics
Romney served as president and CEO of the 2002 Olympic Winter Games held in Salt Lake City. In 1999, before Romney was hired, the event was running $379 million short of its revenue benchmarks. Plans were being made to scale back the games in order to compensate for the fiscal crisis.[19] The Games were also damaged by allegations of bribery involving top officials, including then Salt Lake Olympic Committee (SLOC) President and CEO Frank Joklik. Joklik and SLOC vice president Dave Johnson were forced to resign.[20] On February 11, 1999, Romney was hired as the new president and CEO of the Salt


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but private detectives hired by Kennedy found a factory bought by Bain Capital that had suffered a 350-worker strike after Bain had cut worker pay and benefits.[31] Although both Kennedy and Romney supported the abortion rights established under Roe v. Wade, Kennedy accused Romney of being "multiple choice" on the issue, rather than "pro choice."[32] Romney is now pro-life and opposes Roe.[33] According to figures in The Almanac of American Politics 1996, which relies on official campaign finance reports, Romney spent over $7 million of his own money, with Kennedy spending more than $10 million from his campaign fund, mostly in the last weeks of the campaign (this was the second-most expensive race of the 1994 election cycle, after the Dianne Feinstein vs. Michael Huffington Senate race in California).[34] In a September poll, Romney had a 43% to 42% lead.[35] A month later, however, Kennedy led in the polls 50% to 32.[31] Kennedy won the election with 58 percent of the vote to Romney’s 41 percent, the second smallest margin in Kennedy’s nine elections to the Senate through 2006.[36]

Mitt Romney
Democratic Party filed a complaint with the Massachusetts State Ballot Law Commission, which eventually ruled that Romney was eligible to run for office. The ruling was not challenged in court.[42] Supporters of Romney hailed his business record, especially his success with the 2002 Olympics, as that of one who would be able to bring a new era of efficiency into Massachusetts politics.[43] Romney contributed $6.3 million to his own campaign during the election, a state record at the time.[44] Romney was elected Governor in November 2002 with 50 percent of the vote over Democratic candidate Shannon O’Brien, who received 45 percent of the vote.[45]

Governor of Massachusetts, 2003–2007

Campaign for Governor, 2002
In 2002, Republican Lieutenant Governor Jane Swift was expected to campaign for the governor’s office. Swift had served as acting governor after Republican Governor Paul Cellucci resigned upon being appointed U.S. Ambassador to Canada. Swift was viewed as an unpopular executive, and her administration was plagued by political missteps and personal scandals.[37] Many Republicans viewed her as a liability and considered her unable to win a general election against a Democrat.[38] Prominent GOP activists campaigned to persuade Romney to run for governor.[39] One poll taken at this time showed that Republicans favored Romney over Swift by more than 50 percentage points.[40] Swift decided not to seek her party’s nomination. Massachusetts Democratic Party officials claimed that Romney was ineligible to run for governor, citing residency issues. The Massachusetts Constitution requires seven consecutive years of residency prior to a run for office. Romney claimed residency in Utah from 1999 to 2002, during his time as president of the Salt Lake City Olympic Committee. In 1999 he listed himself as a part-time Massachusetts resident.[41] The Massachusetts

Governor Mitt Romney poses with a prototype of a one hundred dollar laptop in September 2005, after filing a proposal to give every public middle and high school student in Massachusetts one of the machines. The legislation did not pass.


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Romney was sworn in as the 70th governor of Massachusetts on January 2, 2003. Upon entering office, Romney faced a projected $3 billion deficit, but a previously enacted $1.3 billion capital gains tax increase and $500 million in unanticipated federal grants decreased the deficit to $1.2 billion.[46] Through a combination of spending cuts, increased fees, and removal of corporate tax loopholes, by 2006 the state had a $700 million surplus and was able to cut taxes.[47][48] Romney supported raising various fees by more than $300 million, including raising fees for driver’s licenses, marriage licenses, and gun licenses.[48] Romney increased the state gasoline tax by 2 cents per gallon, generating about $60 million per year in additional tax revenue.[49] Romney also closed tax loopholes that brought in another $181 million from businesses over the next two years.[49] The state legislature, with Romney’s support, also cut spending by $1.6 billion, including $700 million in reductions in state aid to cities and towns.[50] The cuts also included a $140 million reduction in state funding for higher education, which led state-run colleges and universities to increase tuition by 63%.[49] Romney sought additional cuts in his last year as Massachusetts governor by vetoing nearly 250 items in the state budget. All of those vetoes were overturned by the legislature.[51] The combined state and local tax burden in Massachusetts increased during Romney’s governorship.[49] According to the Tax Foundation, that per capita burden was 9.8% in 2002 (below the national average of 10.3%), and 10.5% in 2006 (below the national average of 10.8%).[52] On April 12, 2006, Romney signed the Massachusetts health reform law which requires nearly all Massachusetts residents to buy health insurance coverage or face the loss of their personal income tax exemption. The bill also establishes means-tested state subsidies for people who do not have adequate employer insurance and who make below an income threshold, by using funds previously designated to compensate for the health costs of the uninsured.[53][54][55] He vetoed eight sections of the health care legislation, including an employer assessment[56] and provisions providing health coverage to senior and disabled legal immigrants not eligible for federal Medicaid.[57][58] The legislature overrode all eight vetoes. Romney’s

Mitt Romney
communications director Eric Fehrnstrom responded saying "These differences with the Legislature are not essential to the goal of getting everyone covered with insurance." At the beginning of his governorship, Romney opposed same-sex marriage and civil unions.[59][60] Faced with the dilemma of choosing between same-sex marriage or civil unions after the November 2003 Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court decision legalizing same-sex marriages (Goodridge v. Department of Public Health), Romney reluctantly backed a state constitutional amendment in February 2004 that would have banned same-sex marriage but still allow civil unions, viewing it as the only feasible way to ban same-sex marriage in Massachusetts.[61] In May 2004 Romney instructed town clerks to begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples, but citing a 1913 law that barred out-of-state residents from getting married in Massachusetts if their union would be illegal in their home state,[62][63] no marriage licenses were to be issued to out-of-state same-sex couples not planning to move to Massachusetts. In June 2005, Romney abandoned his support for the compromise amendment, stating that the amendment confused voters who oppose both same-sex marriage and civil unions. Instead, Romney endorsed a petition effort led by the Coalition for Marriage & Family that would have banned same-sex marriage and made no provisions for civil unions.[64] In 2006 he urged the U.S. Senate to vote in favor of the Marriage Protection Amendment.[65][66] On December 14, 2005, Romney announced that he would not seek re-election for a second term as governor.[67] Romney filed papers to establish a formal exploratory presidential campaign committee the next to last day in office as governor.[68] This solidified suspicions that had been circulating as early as 2005 that Romney would attempt to run for President.[69] Romney’s term ended January 4, 2007.

Approval Rating as Governor
Romney has had a difficult time maintaining his approval ratings in office as governor of liberal Massachusetts in the wake of the legalization of gay marriage and the fall of Bush’s approval ratings. After Democrat Deval Patrick succeded Romney as Governor of Massachusetts, Patrick’s approval rating was


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Date Approval Disapproval Notes 33% 39% ? ? 37% ? 47% 52% 56% 65% End of governorship.[76]

Mitt Romney

Nov. 18 2003 66% Nov. 27 2003 45% July 2004 Jan. 2005 March 2005 April 2005 March 2006 May 2006 June 2006 Nov. 2006 48%[72] 56% 52% 43%[74] 46% 46% 39% 34%

Before Supreme Court ruling on Gay Marriage. After taking a stance against Gay Marriage.[71]

After rumors of running for president.[73] After announcing not running for re-election.[75]

33% in April 2009 and 49% said Romney did a better job as governor than Patrick. [70]

Campaign for the Republican nomination for President, 2007-2008
2008 presidential campaign logo down as governor of Massachusetts, Romney filed to register a presidential campaign exploratory committee with the Federal Election Commission.[78][79] Romney formally announced his candidacy for the 2008 Republican nomination for president on February 13, 2007. In the January 2008 Iowa Caucus, the first contest of the primary elections, Romney received 25% of the vote and placed second to Mike Huckabee, who received 34%.[80][81] A few days later, Romney won the Wyoming Republican Caucuses.[82] Romney finished in second place behind John McCain in the New Hampshire primary on January 8, 2008.[83] In the January 15 Michigan primary, Romney won with 39% of the vote, followed by McCain (30%), Huckabee (16%), and others.[84] On January 19, Romney won the Nevada caucuses, but placed fourth in the South Carolina primary. Romney then came in second behind John McCain in the Florida primary on January 29, and came in first ahead of John McCain in the Maine caucuses on February 2, giving McCain an overall 97-92 lead over Romney in delegates to the 2008 Republican National Convention.[85] According to US election polls, going into Super Tuesday, Mitt Romney led in California (40%

Mitt and Ann at a 2008 Campaign event in New Hampshire Since the 2004 Republican National Convention, Romney had been discussed as a potential 2008 presidential candidate.[77] On January 3, 2007, two days before he stepped


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- 32% John McCain), Massachusetts (55% 23%), Colorado (43% - 24%), and Utah (65% 6%).[86] McCain led in 12 states and was 21 points ahead of Romney in national polls.[87]

Mitt Romney

Post-presidential campaign
Romney endorsed McCain for President at a press conference in Boston, Massachusetts on February 14, 2008, one week after suspending his campaign.[97] He became one of the McCain Campaign’s most visible surrogates, appearing on behalf of the GOP nominee at fundraisers, state Republican party conventions and on cable news programs.[98] “There’s nobody who represents me better today than Mitt Romney," said John McCain of his former rival’s efforts to promote his candidacy.[99] Romney also launched the Free and Strong America PAC to assist conservative "officeholders and candidates who are dedicated to promoting public policies that will strengthen America at this critical time in our history." The political organization, which takes its name from a key line in Romney’s 2007 Faith in America speech, supports local, state and federal candidates including Senator John McCain, Senator Elizabeth Dole (R-NC), Congresswoman Michelle Bachmann (R-MN) and Congressman Pete Hoekstra (R-MI).[100][101] Romney was reported to be under consideration on the McCain ticket as a vice-presidential nominee.[102][103] Shortly after McCain opted for Alaska Governor Sarah Palin as his running mate, Romney told reporters he had no interest in serving in a McCain Cabinet because he would not relish being "soldiered by 27-year-olds in the White House.... That is not an attractive position, in my view."[104] Romney said his disinterest in a Cabinet position stemmed from his father’s past experience as U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development for President Richard Nixon. Romney said he was not disappointed at being passed over for the vice presidential spot, and felt Palin would connect well with voters and strengthen the Republican ticket. He added, "I want to work from the outside of the administration, fighting for the values and the views that I think are essential to keep our country strong right now."[105] Several newspapers have reported that Romney is paving the way for a 2012 Presidential campaign by hiring campaign staff and raising money for future political campaigns.[106] However, Romney himself recently said that it was "unlikely" he would run for President again.[107]

Romney at a rally in January 2008 Romney partly financed his campaign with his own personal fortune, contributing over $35 million of the $90 million raised by his campaign, as of December 31, 2007.[88] Following the results of the 2008 Super Tuesday primaries, Romney suspended his campaign for the presidential nomination on February 7, 2008.[89][90][91] He stated that by staying in the race he would only "forestall the launch of a national campaign and frankly I’d be making it easier for Senator Clinton or Senator Barack Obama to win. And in this time of war, I simply cannot let my campaign be a part of aiding surrender to terror." He went on to say "I am convinced that unless America changes course, we will become the France of the 21st century - still a great nation, but no longer the leader of the world, no longer the superpower."[92] Romney won 11 states primaries and caucuses, 4.2 million votes and 291 delegates,[93] although he would have likely won more had he not ended his campaign early.[94] Romney decided not to seek donations to recover the $45 million in personal loans he made to his campaign. Instead, the loans are to be reclassified as contributions by Romney. The Romney committee raised approximately $65 million from individual donors during the primary campaign.[95][96]


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In February 2009, Romney delivered a speech at the annual CPAC convention. There he won the 2012 presidential straw poll with 20%, leading many to think that he may emerge as the front runner in the 2012 race. Mitt Romney has publicly stated that, as of 2009, he is writing a book on "the challenges America faces".

Mitt Romney

Political positions

Public image and religious background
Mitt Romney is a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, colloquially known as the Mormon church. He is the nephew of Marion G. Romney, who was Second Counselor in the First Presidency of the Church. His great-great-grandfather, Parley P. Pratt, was among the first leaders in the Latter Day Saint movement in the early 19th century. Mitt’s wife Ann converted to the Church of Jesus Christ before they were married in 1969.[108] In addition to his missionary work in France, Romney has served as a part-time lay minister, called a bishop, and has also been a stake president in his church (stake presidents preside over several congregations).[109] As part of his religious practice, Romney abstains from alcohol and smoking.[110][111][112] Religion played a major role in the 2008 presidential campaign, with polls indicating that a quarter of Republican voters were “less likely” to vote for a presidential candidate who was a Latter-day Saint.[113][114] However, some social conservatives and evangelicals criticized Romney for not being enough of a Latter-day Saint regarding social policy.[115][116] He avoided speaking publicly about specific church doctrines, and pointed out that the U.S. Constitution prohibits religious tests for public office.[113] Declining to discuss details about his religion also reduced the risk that doctrinal differences would alienate evangelical Christian voters.[115] Romney instead addressed religion in general, saying that as president he would have needed “the prayers of the people of all faiths” and that he would have served “no one religion, no one group, no one cause, and no one interest. A president must serve only the common cause of the people of the United States.”[113]

Romney invited Iowa voters to "Ask Mitt Anything" in May 2007. Some of Mitt Romney’s political positions have changed over the course of his political career. He says that he has learned from experience, and that people can rely on him to keep his campaign promises.[117] As a candidate for the Republican nomination for President, Romney increasingly expressed views in line with traditional conservatives on social issues.[118][119] Romney was filmed participating in a ProChoice Planned Parenthood fundraiser in 1994 in conjunction with a $150 family contribution,[120] and has made many pro-choice comments in the past. Romney says he has changed positions, "acknowledged my error" and is therefore pro-life.[121][122] Romney says that he believes that Roe v. Wade should be overturned, that "abortion is the wrong choice except in cases of incest, rape, and to save the life of the mother," and that "states, through the democratic process, should determine their own abortion laws and not have them dictated by judicial mandate."[122] As a candidate for office in Massachusetts, Romney claimed to hold liberal or moderate views on abortion; he explains his changing views as a process of evolution, contending that he has gradually come to agree with the conservative position on abortion.[123][124] Critics of Romney are less flattering and portray him


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as an opportunist. For example, Democratic U.S. Representative Barney Frank of Massachusetts once said, "The real Romney is clearly an extraordinarily ambitious man with no perceivable political principle whatsoever. He is the most intellectually dishonest human being in the history of politics," to which a Romney spokesman replied that "We’ve never really paid much attention to what Barney Frank is saying, and we see no reason to start now."[125] Romney has been a strong supporter of gun control legislation and enforcement, backing the Brady Bill, a five-day waiting period on gun sales, and a ban on certain assault weapons, and he still backs the ban on assault weapons.[126] Romney has also supported some legislation that was endorsed by the National Rifle Association and the Gun Owners’ Action League.[127] Romney also says he believes that the Second Amendment protects an individual right to keep and bear arms, rather than merely protecting a right of states.[128] Romney welcomes increased legal immigration and supports giving "a biometricallyenabled and tamperproof card to non-citizens and ... a national database for non-citizens" in order to reduce illegal immigration.[129] Romney’s lawn care company had illegal aliens working at his private residence for nearly a decade. Romney had them fired after the fact was revealed to him during his presidential campaign.[130] Romney is a proponent of monogamous, heterosexual marriage.[131] As a candidate for governor in 2002, Romney said: "Call me old fashioned, but I don’t support gay marriage nor do I support civil union."[132] During that 2002 campaign, he also supported hate crimes legislation and opposed other discrimination against gays, while supporting some partner benefits for gays,[132] and he also opposed amending the state constitution to codify only traditional marriage because he believed the draft amendment would have outlawed other partner benefits.[133] When the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ruled in favor of legalized same-sex marriage in 2003, Romney lobbied for a state constitutional amendment that would ban same-sex marriage but allow civil unions.[132] Romney explained in 2005: "From day one I’ve opposed the move for same-sex marriage and its equivalent, civil unions....I am only supporting civil unions if gay marriage is the

Mitt Romney

Romney at a parade in Milford, New Hampshire; September 3, 2007 alternative."[132] Romney continues to oppose both marriage and civil unions between people of the same sex.[134] Romney’s tone on gay rights has been viewed by some as fluctuating, though he supported Bill Clinton’s "Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell Policy" in 1994, and continued to do so in 2007.[135][136] Romney supported the invasion of Iraq,[137] and supports the "troop surge."[138] Upon hearing the testimony of David Petraeus, Romney reemphasized his agreement with current policy in Iraq and has called for a "Surge of Support" for the military. Romney has called for increased military spending to at least 4 percent of the United States GDP and wishes to increase the size of the military by at least 100,000 troops.[139] Romney has focused on tax relief for "middle income Americans," and has advocated eliminating the capital gains tax for all those who earn less than $200,000 per year.[140] Romney has also advocated eliminating the estate tax,[141] signed a pledge to oppose "any and all efforts" to increase income taxes,[142] and promises to control spending by Congress. Romney supports the death penalty, charter schools, and sentencing under the three strikes law.[143][144][145] Romney opposes the use of "torture";[140] however, he supports the limited use of "enhanced


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interrogation techniques," which he believes are not torture.[146]

Mitt Romney
Ann Romney was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis in 1998. She is in remission and was active in his 2008 presidential campaign.[155] Mitt and Ann Romney have three homes, one in Belmont, Massachusetts in the Boston suburbs, a lakeside house in Wolfeboro, New Hampshire, and a ski house in Deer Valley, Utah.[156]

Personal life

Electoral history See also
• Cultural and political image of Mitt Romney‎ • Pratt–Romney family • Presidents and Prophets: the Story of America’s Presidents and the LDS Church

[1] Phillips, Frank and Helman, Scott."It’s 1 term for Romney; he says ’future is open’" The Boston Globe, December 15, 2005), retrieved October 28, 2006. [2] Wheaton, Sarah. "Romney Appeals to Core Audience." The New York Times, January 28, 2007. [3] Vennochi, Joan."Romney’s Charm Offensive", Boston Globe (2002-04-16). [4] All-Time Roster, Chicago Bears. [5] "Mitt Romney". 000044241/. Retrieved on 2007-12-01. [6] Neil Swidey and Michael Paulson, "The Making of Mitt Romney: Privilege, tragedy, and a young leader", The Boston Globe, 2007-06-24. Retrieved 2007-09-22. [7] Miller, John J. "Matinee Mitt." National Review, June 20, 2005.[8] Michael Kranish, "The Making of Mitt Romney: Mormon church obtained Vietnam draft deferrals for Romney, other missionaries", Boston Globe, June 24, 2007 [9] Hugh Hewitt, A Mormon in the White House?: 10 Things Every American Should Know about Mitt Romney, Regnery Publishing, March 2007, ISBN 978-1596985025 [10] Lewis, Raphael and Helman, Scott. "Romney Cultivating Jewish Ties" Boston Globe, November 8, 2005, retrieved October 28, 2006.

Ann Romney in 2007. In June 1968, Romney was involved in a serious car accident while driving fellow missionaries in southern France. A Mercedes hit the Citroën DS Romney was driving;[147] the fault for the accident, which left one person dead, has been attributed to the driver of the other vehicle.[148] Soon after his return from missionary work in France, Romney married high school girlfriend Ann Davies on March 21, 1969.[149] They have five sons—Tagg, (b. 1970), Matt (b. 1971), Josh (b. 1975), Ben (b. 1978) and Craig (b. 1981)[150]—and eleven grandchildren.[151] Their first son, Tagg, was born in 1970[150] while both were undergraduates at Brigham Young,[152] living in a $75-a-month basement apartment.[153] Ann Romney’s work as a stay-at-home mom enabled her husband to pursue his career, first in business and then in politics.[154]


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Mitt Romney

[11] Pappu, Sridhar. "The Holy Cow! [24] "SLOC plotting how to dole out Olympics Candidate", The Atlantic Monthly, profits". Associated Press (ESPN). September 2005, retrieved October 28, September 17, 2002. 2006. [12] ^ Rees, Matthew."Mister PowerPoint print?id=1433186&type=news. Goes to Washington" The American, Retrieved on 2007-12-12. December 1, 2006, retrieved December [25] Eastland, Terry "In 2008, Will It Be 16, 2006. Mormon in America?" The Weekly [13] Kirkpatrick, David (2007-06-04). Standard June 6, 2005, retrieved October "Romney’s Fortunes Tied to Business 28, 2006. Riches". New York Times. [26] Mitt Romney and Timothy Robinson. Turnaround: crisis, leadership, and the politics/ Olympic Games (2007), ISBN 04bain.html?ex=1338609600&en=55a03ad8230fe973&ei=5088. 978-1-59698-514-8. Retrieved on 2007-08-18. [27] Gizzi, John "Romney and Rebellion" [14] "Bain Capital’s Romney aiming for Human Events Publishing, May 17, 2004; politics after Olympics" from retrieved October 29, 2004 [28] Gordon, Al."Kennedy in Fight Of His [15] Mitt Romney Commonwealth of Political Life" Newsday (Nassau and Massachusetts (Official web page of Suffoklk edition), pg. A04, October 2, Governor Romney) (no date) via The 1994; retrieved October 29, 2006. Internet Archive (retrieved July 22, 2007) [29] Ruth Marcus, "Clinton Gets a Sense of Mitt Romney the Real Thing; Kennedy and [16] Kuhnhenn, Jim (2007-08-13). "Romney Massachusetts Democrats Put on a Worth As Much As $250 Million". Campaign Rally", Washington Post Associated Press. (1994-10-21): “Clinton stumped for a group of Massachusetts Democrats but story/0,,-6847438,00.html. Retrieved on concentrated his efforts on Kennedy, 2007-08-13. who is in the closest race of his career. [17] Mitt Romney close to dropping out | Red His challenger is Republican Pills businessman Mitt Romney.” [18] Romney Tracker: Romney and Wealth [30] Hall, Mike (May 31, 2007). "Romney’s [19] Carp, Steve (July 22, 2001). "Romney’s ‘Business Experience’: Firing Workers, efforts credited for saving Salt Lake Hiring Them Back at Lower Wages" (in Games". Las Vegas Review Journal. English). AFL/CIO (AFL/CIO Blog). 2001/July-22-Sun-2001/news/ romneys-business-experience-firing16571104.html. Retrieved on workers-hiring-them-back-at-lower2007-04-20. wages/. Retrieved on 2007-06-17. [20] "Salt Lake Olympics rocked by [31] ^ Barone, Michael; Grant Ujifusa (1999). resignations, evidence of payments" The Almanac of American Politics., January 8, 1999, retrieved Washington, DC: National Journal. October 28, 2006. pp. 772. ISBN 0-8129-3194-7. [21] Call, Jeff "’The Fire Within" BYU [32] R. W. Apple Jr., THE 1994 CAMPAIGN: Magazine, Winter 2002, retrieved MASSACHUSETTS; Kennedy and October 28, 2006. Romney Meet, And the Rancor Flows [22] Rice, Lewis. "Games Saver" Harvard Law Freely, New York Times (1994-10-26). Bulletin, Spring 2002, retrieved October [33] America’s Culture and Values 28, 2006. [34] Miller, Jerry (April 24, 2000). "Record [23] Derek Jensen (October 20, 2001). "SLOC Fund raising". CNSNews. has plenty to fund security, organizers say". Deseret News. ViewPolitics.asp?Try=No&Page=\Politics\archive\200 Retrieved on 2007-04-20. 0,3949,30000033,00.html. Retrieved on [35] Barone, Michael; Grant Ujifusa (1999). 2007-12-12. The Almanac of American Politics.


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Washington, DC: National Journal. pp. 771. ISBN 0-8129-3194-7. [36] Taranto, James Latter-day President?: A Mitt Romney candidacy would test the religious right The Wall Street Journal Saturday, December 31, 2005; retrieved October 29, 2006. [37] Associated Press. "Massachusetts’s first female governor takes office, under heavy statewide scrutiny" The Daily Texan, April 11, 2001; retrieved October 29, 2006. [38] Frank, Mitch."Jane Swift Takes One For the Team:The Massachusetts GOP took a risk by choosing Mitt Romney over the more progressive Swift. Will their decision come back to haunt them?" Time Magazine, March 21, 2002; retrieved October 29, 2006. [39] Berwick Jr., Bob and Roch, Lisa Riley. "Boston GOP beseeching Mitt: But hero of S.L. Games is coy about his future" Deseret News, February 22, 2002; retrieved November 1, 2006. [40] "Swift exits, Romney joins Mass. governor’s race" Cable News Network, March 19, 2002; retrieved October 30, 2006. [41] Mcelhenny, John (Associated Press)"Romney defends right to run for governor" Portsmouth Herald", Tuesday, June 18, 2002, retrieved November 1, 2006. [42] Belluck, Pam. "Massachusetts Ballot Panel Allows Race By Republican" New York Times (Abstract) (Page A-17, Col. 4), June 26, 2002, retrieved November 1, 2006. [43] "Vote 2002: Massachusetts Governor’s Race" PBS Online News Hour (No Date); retrieved November 1, 2006. [44] "Gabrieli surpasses spending record" Brian C. Mooney Boston Globe; August 22, 2006, Retrieved November 20, 2006. [45] "2002 Election Results, Governor" ’; retrieved November 1, 2006. [46] More Mitt Missteps,, July 9, 2007 [47] "Mr Smooth of Massachusetts". The Economist. 2007-07-07. displaystory.cfm?story_id=9441455. [48] ^ Kevin Landrigan.Taxing Matter, Nashua Telegraph, (2007-12-13). [49] ^ Mooney, Brian (June 29, 2007). "Taking office, remaining an outsider".

Mitt Romney
Boston Globe. news/politics/2008/specials/romney/ articles/part6_main/?page=full. Retrieved on 2007-07-03. [50] "Property taxes still on rise in Mass.". Matt Viser, Boston Globe. articles/2005/12/18/ property_taxes_still_on_rise_in_mass/ ?page=full. Retrieved on 2006-12-07. [51] "Romney’s vetoes seldom stood". DANIEL Barrick, Concord Monitor. 2007-05-03. apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070503/ REPOSITORY/705030311. [52] "Massachusetts’ State and Local Tax Burden, 1970–2007", Tax Foundation (2007-04-04). [53] Crook, Clive (2006-06-27). "The Massachusetts Experiment". The Atlantic. prem/200606u/nj_crook_2006-06-27. Retrieved on 2006-11-21. [54] An Act Providing Access to Affordable, Quality, Accountable Health Care. Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Acts of 2006 (Session Laws), Chapter 58. Retrieved January 2, 2007. [55] Dembner, Alice. Outline for new insurance plan proposed Boston Globe. January 19, 2007. Retrieved January 19, 2007. [56] Scott S. Greenberger (2005-11-04). "House approves healthcare overhaul: Tax at odds with plans by Romney, Travaglini". The Boston Globe. massachusetts/articles/2005/11/04/ house_approves_healthcare_overhaul/. Retrieved on 2007-11-24. [57] North Adams Transcript - Romney signs health care bill [58] [1] [59] McElhenny, John. "Shannon O’Brien supports gay marriage" Daily Collegian October 16, 2002. Retrieved December 10, 2006. [60] "Mitt Romney on the Issues" Romney for Governor 2002. Retrieved December 11, 2006 [61] Phillips, Frank (February 23, 2005). "Romney’s stance on civil unions draws fire". articles/2005/02/23/ romneys_stance_on_civil_unions_draws_fire/. Retrieved on 2006-12-08.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mitt Romney

[62] "Will the State of Massachusetts Ever [74] Permit Same-Sex Out-of-Staters to google/ Marry?". FindLaw. index.jsp?ndmViewId=news_view&newsId=2005042 [75] 20060410.html. massachusetts/articles/2006/03/12/ [63] Greenberger, Scott S. (May 21, 2004). reilly_leads_patrick_gains_in_new_poll/ "History suggests race was the basis". [76] The Boston Globe. PollTrack.aspx?g=454ada23-20dc-41f0-9c0c a8a2a45d653c gay_marriage/articles/2004/05/21/ [77] Nina Bradley (2004-08-29). "Is Romney history_suggests_race_was_the_basis/. ready for the big time?: Mass. Gov. gets Retrieved on 2006-12-08. plum prime-time speaking spot during [64] Lewis, Raphael (June 17, 2005). "Romney convention". MSNBC. backs new effort to prohibit gay marriages". Retrieved on 2008-01-01. news/local/articles/2005/06/17/ [78] "FEC statement of candidacy". romney_backs_new_effort_to_prohibit_gay_marriages/. Retrieved on 2006-12-08. ?_27039324113+0. Retrieved on [65] Romney, Mitt (June 2, 2006). "Letter to 2007-10-21. the US Senate" (PDF). [79] "Romney Takes Step Toward an ’08 Run". New York Times. 2007-01-04. 20060602_Marriage_Letter.pdf. Retrieved on 2006-12-08. politics/04romney.html. Retrieved on [66] "Testimony of Honorable Mitt Romney, 2008-01-01. Governor, Massachusetts". US Senate [80] "Obama turns back Clinton to win Iowa Committee on the Judiciary. June 22, caucuses". 2008-01-04. 2004. testimony.cfm?id=1234&wit_id=3608. 22484066/. Retrieved on 2008-02-14. Retrieved on 2006-12-08. [81] Milligan, Susan (2008-01-03). "For GOP [67] Phillips, Frank (2005-12-14). "Romney to in Iowa, a test of whether money talks". announce he won’t seek re-election". (The Boston Globe). Boston Globe. news/local/massachusetts/articles/2005/ articles/2008/01/03/all_eyes_on_iowa/. 12/14/ Retrieved on 2008-02-14. romney_to_announce_he_wont_seek_re_election/. [82] Clymer, Adam (2008-01-05). "First G.O.P. Retrieved on 2006-11-21. Delegate Goes to Romney". [68] Estes, Andrea; and Helman, Scott. (The New York Times). Romney exits with pomp, ambition: Ends term, takes 1st formal step for White politics/05cnd-wyoming.html. Retrieved House bid Boston Globe. January 4, on 2008-02-14. 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2007. [83] "Primary Results: NEW HAMPSHIRE". [69] Romney out of state 212 days so far in ABC News. 2008-01-08. 2006, 25 Dec 2006, Boston Globe [70] state?state=NH. Retrieved on public_content/politics/states_general/ 2008-02-14. massachusetts/ [84] Kuhnhenn, Jim; Johnson, Glen only_33_in_massachusetts_favor_incumbent_governor_in_2010 "Romney decides to pull (2008-01-10). [71] ads in S.C., Fla.". articles/2003/11/27/ (Associated Press). poll_suggests_mass_voters_back_changes/ [72] ?nid=213&sid=1323567. Retrieved on PR0503.pdf 2008-02-14. [73] [85] "Election Center 2008"]. CNN. editorial_opinion/oped/articles/2005/03/ 11/romneys_shortcut/ primaries/results/scorecard/#val=R. Retrieved on 2008-01-27.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mitt Romney

[86] "USA election polls". once_a_rival_now_a_champion/. Retrieved on 2008-06-14. [99] Chabot, Hillary (2008-06-11). "Veep talk super-duper-tuesday-polls.html. swirls around ’vote-getter’ Mitt Romney". [87] "McCain gets last-minute boost in New Boston Herald. York". 2008-02-04. 2008/ 04/gop.super.tuesday/. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-06-14. 2008-02-14. [100] fficial web page: Free & Strong O [88] "2008 Presidential Election: Mitt Romney America PAC, Inc. Campaign Money". [101] ederal Elections Commission filings: F Center for Responsive Politics. statement of organization and financial disclosures for Free and Strong America summary.asp?ID=N00000286&Cycle=2008%20Mitt%20Romney. PAC, Inc. Retrieved on 2008-02-07. [102] agourney, Adam (2008-05-21). "McCain N [89] King, John (2008-02-07). "Romney to Meet 3 Possible Running Mates". New suspends presidential campaign". CNN. York Times. 2008/05/21/us/politics/21cnd07/romney.campaign/index.html. mccain.html?hp. Retrieved on [90] Halperin, Mark (2008-02-07). "Romney 2008-07-18. to Quit Race". The Page (Time [103] est, Paul (2008-07-05). "VP picks: W Magazine). Gore, or somebody like him". The 2008/02/07/sources-romney-to-quitSwamp, Chicago Tribune, Washington race/. Bureau. [91] Romney for President, Inc. (2008-02-08). news/politics/blog/2008/07/ Governor Mitt Romney Addresses CPAC. vp_picks_an_08_alagorey.html. Retrieved Press release. on 2008-07-18.[104] windell, Bill and McPike, Erin. S Releases/CPAC_Address. Retrieved on "Unwelcome guest tones down kickoff." 2008-02-08. National Journal, September 1, 2008. [92] "Romney suspends White House bid". Retrieved on 2008-09-02. BBC News. 2008-02-08. [105]ohnson, Glen. "Romney ’not J disappointed’ at missing McCain ticket." 7233537.stm. Retrieved on 2008-02-14. Associated Press, September 2, 2008. [93] Election Center 2008: Delegate Retrieved on 2008-09-02. Scorecard - Elections & Politics news [106] ttp:// h from 0,5143,705269132,00.html [94] RealClearPolitics - 2008 Elections [107] edge, Dave (2008-10-28). "2012 run W Republican Delegate Count ‘unlikely’ for Mitt Romney". Boston [95] Michael Kranish, "Romney not getting Herald. his $45m back: Says he won’t seek gifts news/2008/ to repay campaign loans", Boston Globe, July 17, 2008 [108] onald Kessler, "Ann Romney: Mitt Has R [96] Federal Elections Commission filings by Always Been Pro-Life",, Romney for President, Inc. 2007-05-23. Accessed 2007-12-10. [97] Sidoti, Liz; (Associated Press) [109] inda Feldmann (2007-08-09). "Mitt L (2008-02-14). "Romney throws his Romney: proudly, quietly Mormon". support behind McCain". Houston Christian Science Monitor. Chronicle. story.mpl/politics/5542108.html. p01s01-uspo.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-02-14. 2007-12-13. [98] Wangsness, Lisa (2008-06-08). "Once a [110]Mitt Romney Wants to Re-Tool " rival now a Champion: Romney returns Washington; Mike Wallace Interviews to promote McCain". Boston Globe. the Contender for the GOP Presidential Nomination", 60 Minutes, CBS News, articles/2008/06/08/


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
May 13, 2006 (retrieved December 3, 2007). [111]ill Lawrence, "Will Mormon Faith Hurt J Bid for White House?", USA Today, March 12, 2007. [112] im Jones, "Romney: Smartest guy in the T room", Chicago Tribune, November 2, 2007. [113] Linda Feldmann, "Romney moves to ^ allay Mormon concerns directly", Christian Science Monitor, December 11, 2007. [114] cott Keeter and Gregory Smith, "How S the Public Perceives Romney, Mormons", The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, December 4, 2007. [115] Daniel Nasaw, "He hasn’t been ^ Mormon enough", The Guardian, December 6, 2007. [116] eorge Bennett, “GOP choices leave G social conservatives fragmented”, Palm Beach Post via, December 6, 2007. [117] ope Yen."Romney: I’ll Keep Campaign H Promises", Associated Press (2007-12-16). [118]Profile: Mitt Romney". BBC. 2007-02-15. " 6362249.stm. [119]The Romney Agenda: The Three-Legged " Republican Stool". Mitt Romney.Com. 2007-10-15. News/Press-Releases/ Romney_Agenda_10.15.07. [120]Romney Attended Planned Parenthood " Fundraiser in 1994". ABC News. 2007-12-18. politicalradar/2007/12/romneyattended.html. [121] overnor Romney’s Remarks At The G Massachusetts Citizens For Life Mother’s Day Pioneer Valley Dinner, (2007-05-10). Retrieved 2008-01-08. [122] Affirming America’s Culture and ^ Values, Retrieved 2008-01-08. [123]Mitt Romney says he opposes abortion". " MSNBC. 2007-02-07. 17023959/. [124]GOP group to slam Romney on " abortion". Boston Globe. 2007-11-28. politicalintelligence/2007/11/ _a_republican_g.html.

Mitt Romney
[125]Congressman Frank blasts the ’real " Romney’". Boston Herald. 2007-06-11. news/daily_briefing/index.php/2007/06/ 11/. [126] cott Helman Romney retreats on gun S control, Boston Globe (2007-01-14). [127] itt M [128]Flash Back: Romney’s Four Wedge " Issues", Human Events (2007-12-28). [129] nding Illegal Immigration E [130]Illegal immigrants toiled for governor" " Boston Globe [131] ouglas Kmiec, Revising Kennedy, D National Review, November 14, 2007. To quote Romney: "There is nothing more awful, in my view, than the violation of the marriage covenant that one has with one’s wife. The practice of polygamy is abhorrent, it’s awful, and it drives me nuts that people who are polygamists keep pretending to use the umbrella of my church....My church abhors it, it excommunicates people who practice it, and it’s got nothing to do with my faith." [132] "Romney’s stance on civil unions ^ draws fire". Boston Globe. 2005-02-23. articles/2005/02/23/ romneys_stance_on_civil_unions_draws_fire/. [133] ick Klein. “Group promises aid for R amendment foes”, Boston Globe (2004-02-11): “Romney opposed that amendment as a gubernatorial candidate in 2002. At the time, Romney said he felt the amendment went too far because it would have outlawed domestic-partner benefits for gay couples, as well as gay marriage, and said he would vote against it.” [134]Romney’s Tone on Gay Rights Is Seen as " Shift". New York Times. 2007-09-08. politics/08romney.html. [135] ichael Luo (2007-09-08). "Romney’s M Tone on Gay Rights Is Seen as Shift". The New York Times. politics/ 08romney.html?_r=1&oref=slogin. Retrieved on 2007-11-24. [136]ohn Solomon (2007-02-19). "Romney J Supports ’Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell’". Washington Post. content/article/2007/02/18/


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mitt Romney

AR2007021801218.html. Retrieved on unexpected turns", The Boston Globe, 2008-01-01. . 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2007-09-22. [137] orentzen, Amy (July 27, 2007). L [151]ose Antonio Vargas (2007-06-09). J "Romney:U.S. is angry about Iraq". "Romney brothers dish on Dad". American Spectator (Houston Chronicle). Washington Post. p. A01. nation/5007252.html. Retrieved on content/article/2007/06/08/ 2007-04-20. AR2007060802781.html. Retrieved on [138] ress release from official Mitt Romney P 2007-11-24. website [152]ill Radsken, "Ann Romney on her J [139] omney Urges More Be Spent On R choices, family, health and future", Defense And Energy Research Boston Herald, 2002-12-08. Accessed [140] "Mitt Romney Iowa Straw Poll ^ 2007-09-21. Speech". CSPAN. 2007-11-08. [153] avid Kirkpatrick (2007-11-15). D "Romney, Searching and Earnest, Set index.php?main_page=product_video_info&products_id=200399-1&tID=5. York Times. His Path in ’60s". The New [141]Romney rolls through business plan in " hopes of winning Iowa". Boston Globe. politics/15romney.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-10. 2007-11-16. [142] elman, Scott (2007-01-05). "Romney H [154]Ann Romney: From the Saddle to the " finds ’no new taxes’ promise suits him Campaign Trail". ABC News. 2007-08-14. after all". Boston Globe. story?id=3477592&page=1. Retrieved politics/candidates/articles/2007/01/05/ on 2007-08-19. romney_finds_no_new_taxes_promise_suits_him_after_all/. "Does perfection have its [155] aye Fiore, F [143] ewis, Raphael (April 29, 2005). L price for Romney?” Los Angeles Times "Romney files death penalty bill". Boston (2007-11-24). Globe. [156]Mitt Romney’s Rivals Try Class " local/articles/2005/04/29/ Warfare", Associated Press (2007-12-14). romney_files_death_penalty_bill?pg=full. Retrieved on 2007-04-20. [144] acchetti, Maria (February 1, 2005). S Official "Romney plan would greatly boost • Mitt Romney for President 2008 Website charter schools". Boston Globe. • Mitt Romney’s Free And Strong America PAC articles/2005/02/01/ • Mitt romney_plan_would_greatly_boost_charter_schools/.Romney at MySpace Databases and information Retrieved on 2007-04-20. • Mitt Romney at the Internet Movie [145]Mitt Romney on crime". OnTheIssues. , " Database 1994. • NewsMeat - Campaign Contributions Crime.htm. Retrieved on 2007-04-20. Made by Mitt Romney [146] overnor Romney: Protecting America at G • - Mitt Romney campaign YouTube contributions [147] a Jeunesse française de Mitt Romney L • Mitt Romney at the Open Directory (The French Younth of Mitt Romney), Project L’Express, January 23, 2008 • The Ancestors of Mitt Romney [148] aulson, Michael. "Survivors recall tragic P • Genealogy of Mitt Romney car crash in France with Romney at the • Draft Romney for Senate wheel" News, June 24, • 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 Press 2007.Releases [149]Mitt Talks About Ann", Excerpts from " November 2006 speech. Persondata Retrieved 2007-09-21. NAME Romney, Willard Mitt [150] Neil Swidey and Stephanie Ebbert, ^ ALTERNATIVE Romney, Mitt "The Making of Mitt Romney: Raising NAMES sons, rising expectations bring

External links


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Political offices Preceded by Jane Swift
as Acting Governor

Mitt Romney

Governor of Massachusetts January 2, 2003 – January 4, 2007

Succeeded by Deval Patrick

Party political offices Preceded by Joseph D. Malone Republican nominee for United States Senator from Massachusetts (Class 1) 1994 Succeeded by Jack E. Robinson

Preceded by Paul Cellucci

Massachusetts Republican Party Succeeded by Kerry Healey gubernatorial candidate 2002 American politician March 12, 1947 DATE OF DEATH PLACE OF DEATH


PLACE OF BIRTH Detroit, Michigan United States

Retrieved from "" Categories: 1947 births, Living people, English Americans, German-Americans, ScottishAmericans, Governors of Massachusetts, Massachusetts Republicans, United States presidential candidates, 2008, Mitt Romney, Pratt-Romney family, American Latter Day Saints, Stake presidents of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Bishops of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Mormon missionaries in France, People from Detroit, Michigan, People from Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, People from Massachusetts, Massachusetts businesspeople, Brigham Young University alumni, Michigan Republicans, Harvard Business School alumni, Harvard Law School alumni, Stanford University alumni, Cranbrook alumni, German-American politicians, American businesspeople, American chief executives, American Mormon missionaries, Private equity and venture capital investors, Canadian Americans, Prominent JD/MBAs, 20th-century Mormon missionaries, Gun control advocates This page was last modified on 21 May 2009, at 05:20 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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