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Medford, Oregon

Medford, Oregon
Medford, Oregon - City manager Area - City - Land - Water Elevation Bob Strosser Ben Truwe Michael Dyal 21.7 sq mi (56.2 km2) 21.7 sq mi (56.2 km2) 0 sq mi (0 km2) 1,382 ft (421 m)

Population (2008) 76,850 - City 2,910.5/sq mi (1,123.7/ - Density km2) 202,310 - Metro
Medford City Hall

Time zone - Summer (DST) ZIP codes Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID

PST (UTC-8) PDT (UTC-7) 97501, 97504 541 41-47000[1] 1124040[2]


Motto: The Center of the Rogue Valley

Location of Medford in Jackson County and in the state of Oregon

Medford is a city in Jackson County, Oregon, United States. As of 2008, the city had a total population of 76,850[3] and a metropolitan area population of 202,310.[4] The city was named in 1883 by David Loring, civil engineer and right-of-way agent for the Oregon and California Railroad for his home town of Medford, Massachusetts and in recognition of its supposed position on the middle ford of Bear Creek.[5] Medford is the county seat of Jackson County.[6]

Coordinates: 42°19′55″N 122°51′43″W / 42.33194°N 122.86194°W / 42.33194; -122.86194 Country State County Incorporated Government - Mayor - City council United States Oregon Jackson February 24, 1885 Gary Wheeler Chris Corcoran Al Densmore Dick Gordon Greg Jones James F. Kuntz Jill Stout

In 1883, a group of railroad surveyors headed by S. L. Dolson and David Loring arrived in Rock Point, near present day Gold Hill.[7] They were charged with finding the best route through the Rogue Valley for the Oregon and California Railroad. Citizens of neighboring Jacksonville hoped that it would pass between their town and Hanley Butte, near the present day Claire Hanley Arboretum. Such a move would have all but guaranteed prosperous growth for Jacksonville, but Dolson decided instead to stake the railroad closer to Bear Creek.[8]


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Medford, Oregon
new city hall, in another four years, Andrew Carnegie’s donation allowed a dedicated library to be built. Construction on the Medford Carnegie Library was completed in 1912.[16][17] In 1927, Medford took the title of county seat of Jackson County away from nearby Jacksonville.[5][18] In 1967,[19] Interstate 5 was completed immediately adjacent to downtown Medford to replace the Oregon Pacific Highway. It has been blamed for the decline of small businesses in downtown Medford since its completion,[19] but nevertheless remains an important route for commuters wishing to travel across the city. In fact, a study completed in 1999 found that 45% of vehicles entering I-5 from north Medford heading south exited in south Medford, just three miles (5 km) away.[20] The high volume of traffic on Interstate 5 led to the completion of a new north Medford interchange in 2006. The project, which cost about $36 million, improved traffic flow between I-5 and Crater Lake Highway.[21] Further traffic problems identified in south Medford prompted the construction of another new interchange, estimated at costing $70 million. The project began in 2006 and should be completed by 2010.[22][23] Since the 1990s, Medford has dedicated an appreciable amount of resources to urban renewal in an attempt to revitalize the downtown area.[24] Several old buildings have been restored, including the Craterian Ginger Rogers Theater. Streets have been realigned, new sidewalks, traffic signals, and bicycle lanes were installed, and two new parking garages have been built. Downtown Medford also received a new library building to replace the historic Medford Carnegie Library and now boasts satellite campuses for both Rogue Community College and Southern Oregon University.[25] Economic problems in 2008 and 2009 put a hold on The Commons project, a collaboration between the city of Medford and Lithia Motors.[26] The project, one of the largest undertaken in recent years, aims to provide more parking, recreation, and commerce to the area. Before the work stopped, the Greyhound Bus depot was moved and $850,000 was spent replacing water lines. Originally, The Commons was scheduled to be completed by 2017, but remains on indefinite

Statue of Liberty, dedicated in 1951 The response from Jacksonville was mixed,[9] but the decision was final. By November 1883, a depot site had been chosen and a surveying team led by Charles J. Howard was hard at work platting the new town. They completed their work in early December 1883, laying out 82 blocks for development.[10] James Sullivan Howard, a New Hampshire Freemason,[11] claimed to have built the town’s first building in January 1884,[12] though blacksmith Emil Piel was advertising for business at the "central depot" in the middle of December.[13] Others point out the farms of town founders Iradell Judson Phipps and Charles Wesley Broback, which were present before the town was platted.[12] Regardless, on February 6, 1884 (less than a month after it was built), J. S. Howard’s store became Medford’s first post office, with Howard serving as postmaster. The establishment of the post office led to the incorporation of the Medford as a town in early 1885, and again as a city in 1905. Howard held the position of postmaster for Medford’s first ten years, and again held the post upon his death on November 13, 1919.[14] The beginning of the 20th century was a transitional period. Medford built a new steel bridge over Bear Creek to replace an earlier one which washed away three years before. Without a bridge, those wanting to cross had to ford the stream, typically using a horsedrawn wagon; the first automobile did not arrive in Medford until 1903.[15] Pharmacist George H. Haskins had opened a drugstore just after the town was platted, and in 1903 he allowed the Medford Library Association to open a small library in that store. Five years later the library moved to Medford’s


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hold until the proves.[26][27] economic situation im-

Medford, Oregon
• Al Densmore (Rep), 1977 – 1983,[37] president of the Bear Creek Greenway Foundation[38] • Sebastiano "Benny" Fagone, 1974 – 1977,[39] founded the North Medford High School Black Tornado sports program in 1980[40] • Lorin Jacobs, 1973 - 1974[41] • John W. Snider Sr., 1957 – 1962,[42][43] established Medford’s sister city relationship with Alba, Italy in 1960 • Diamond "Dime" Flynn, 1949 - 1954[41] • Clarence A. Meeker, 1942-1948[44] • Halbert S. "Hob" Deuel (Rep), 1940 – 1942,[45][46] former Jackson County congressman, died in 1971[47] • Charles C. Furnas, 1937 – 1940[48] • Earl Gaddis, 1925? [49] • Vernon Emerick, 1914? – 1918?,[50] lit the city’s first official Christmas tree in 1915[51] • William W. Eifert, ? – 1913,[52] moved from Ohio, died of a heart attack during term on September 1, 1913, buried at the Eastwood Cemetery in Medford[53] • Edward P. Geary, 1888 – 1888,[54] • James S. Howard, 1887 – 1888,[54] Medford’s first mayor

Government and leadership

Municipal governments Medford has a council-manager style of government. The governing body of Medford consists of an elected mayor and eight city council members, two from each of four wards. The council hires a professional city manager to run the day-to-day operations of the city including the hiring of city staff. [28] The mayor and council members are not paid, but are reimbursed for expenses.[29]

City council

The current mayor of Medford is Gary Hale Wheeler. He was first elected mayor in November 2004 with 16,653 of 28,195 votes (59%).[30], and then was reelected in 2008 with 21,651 of 22,211 votes (97.5%).[31] His current term expires in December 2012. Wheeler is an optometrist with an office in Medford. Prior to his election, he spent thirteen years on the Medford Urban Renewal Agency Board and served in the US Army where he also practiced optometry.[32]

Previous mayors
• Gary Wheeler 2004 – present; Dr. Wheeler is an optometrist in the Medford area • Lindsay Berryman, 1998 – 2004; first female mayor of Medford[33] • Jerry Lausmann, 1986 – 1998,[34] the longest-serving mayor in Medford history[35] • Gerald "Lou" Hannum, 1983 – 1986[36]

City Ward Map Medford municipal code divides the city into four wards, each represented by two city council members. Every biennium, one member from each ward is elected to serve a fouryear term, creating an overlap where half of


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Ward 1 2007–2010 2009-2012 Al Densmore
(elected 2006)[56]

Medford, Oregon
Ward 3 Jill Stout
(elected 2006)[58]

Ward 2 Ben Truwe
(elected 2006)[57]

Ward 4 Bob Strosser
(elected 1998)[59]

Dick Gordon
(elected 2008)[60]

James F Kuntz
(elected 2004)[61]

Chris Corcoran
(elected 2008)[62]

Greg Jones
(elected 2004)[63]

the eight-member council remains in office while the other half must campaign for reelection.[55]


City manager
The city manager of Medford is Michael Dyal. He replaced Andy Anderson in June 1998 by vote of the city council. Dyal, a U.S. Army veteran, previously served as city manager for Orem, Utah, and North Las Vegas, Nevada.[64]

Medford is located approximately 27 miles (43 km) north of the northern California border at 42.3°N. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.7 square miles (56.2 km²), all of it land. The Pacific Ocean is about 75 miles (121 km) west of the city, and is the nearest coast. The nearest river is the Rogue River (8 mi, 13 km), and the nearest lake is Agate Lake (13 mi, 21 km). Nearby cities include Grants Pass, Klamath Falls, Ashland, Roseburg, Redding (California), and Crescent City (California). Medford is 229 miles (369 km) from Salem, the capital of Oregon. The nearest interstate highway is I-5, which runs northwest-southeast through the center of the city. The nearest junctions with other interstate highways are with I-84 in Portland (273 mi, 439 km) and I-80 in Sacramento (309 mi, 497 km). Medford also serves as a junction for Oregon Routes 99, 238, 62, and nearby 140 (6 mi/10 km). Medford is also situated in the remains of ancient volcanic flow areas as demonstrated by the Upper and Lower Table Rock lava formations and nearby Mount McLoughlin and Crater Lake, which is the remains of Mount Mazama.[65][66] In the late spring/ early summer the snow on the slopes of Mount McLoughlin melt away into a formation called the "angel wings," which Native American tribes interpreted as an osprey, an indicator of the beginning of salmon run. Medford from Roxy Ann Peak Medford sits in a weather shadow between the Cascade Range and Siskiyou Mountains called the Rogue Valley. As such, most of the rain associated with the Pacific Northwest and Oregon in particular skips Medford, making it drier and sunnier than the Willamette Valley. Medford’s climate is considerably warmer, both in summer and winter, than its latitude would suggest. Summers are reminiscent of Eastern Oregon, and winters resemble the coast. In Medford, summer often includes as many as ninety days over 90°F (32°C), with temperatures over 100°F (38°C) common in July and August. In August 1980, the temperature stayed over 110°F (43°C) for over a week, with two days reaching 115°F (46°C). Medford also experiences temperature inversions in the winter which during its lumber mill days produced fog so thick that visibility could be reduced to less than five feet. These inversions could last four to six weeks; one suggestion is because the metropolitan area has the one of the lowest average wind speeds of all American metropolitan areas.[67][68] Medford residents experience snowfall (not necessarily accumulation) during winter months, though it usually only amounts to a few inches (5-7 centimeters). In the past, Medford has seen snowfall measurements reach 31 inches/78 centimeters (1955-1956),


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Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures Month Rec High °F Norm High °F Norm Low °F Rec Low °F Precip (in) Snowfall (in) Jan 71 Feb 79 Mar Apr 86 93 39 21 0.2 May Jun 103 44 28 0.0 111 Jul 115 Aug Sep 114 110

Medford, Oregon

Oct 98

Nov 77

Dec 72 31 -6 1.5

47.3 53.8 58.3 30.9 33.1 35.9 -3 3.2 6 1.2 16 1.85 0.7

64.3 72.2

81.2 90.2 90.1 83.5 70 31 0.0 38 0.0 39 0.0 29 0.0 18 0.0

52.8 45.2 10 0.5

50.1 55.2 54.9 48.3 40.2 35

2.47 2.1

1.31 1.21

0.68 0.31 0.52 0.78 1.31 2.93 2.9


and in 2007, 9 inches/23 centimeters of snowfall were recorded.[69]


Musician’s Friend, America’s largest direct response retailer of musical instruments and related gear, is headquartered in Medford. Tom’s Bronco Parts, the nationwide leader of replacement parts for the early Ford Bronco (model years 1966-1977) is located in Medford as well.[75] Benchmark Maps, founded in Medford in 1995, produces detailed atlases and maps in 10 western states.[76] Falcon Northwest, a personal computer manufacturing company, has been operating in Medford since 2002. There is even a film production company, called Pacific International Enterprises, which has been distributing films from Medford since at least the 1970s.

Welcome sign near the North end of Medford Medford’s economy is driven primarily by the health care industry.[71] Medford is the economic and shopping center for over 460,000 people located in Southern Oregon and Northern California.[72] The Projected 2008 retail sales in the Greater Medford Area are $7.5 billion dollars.[73] The average is more than the expanded Portland and Eugene markets.[72] In the past, Medford’s economy was fueled by agriculture (pears, peaches, viticulture grapes) and timber products. The largest direct marketer of fruits and food gifts in the United States, Harry and David Operations Corp., is based in Medford. It is the largest employer in Southern Oregon, with 1,700 year round and about 6,700 seasonal employees in the Medford area.[74] Harry and David was founded in 1910 to market the harvest from the orchards of the Rogue Valley.

RVMC Patient Tower Lithia Motors, the Nation’s 8th largest auto retailer, has called Medford home for nearly 40 years. Publicly trade on the NYSE as LAD, Lithia operates nearly 100 dealerships west of the Mississippi River. As there are no towns of equal or larger size within several hours’ drive, Medford is a regional hub for medical services. The two major medical centers in the city employ over 2,000 people. As Medford is also a retirement destination, assisted living and senior


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services have become an important part of the economy. Medford and the surrounding area is home to the expanding Oregon wine industry that includes a large variety of Bordelaise, Rhone, and Burgundian varietals including merlot, cabernet sauvignon, syrah, zinfandel, pinot noir, gewürztraminer, riesling, pinot gris, chardonnay, pinot blanc, early muscat, and Gamay Noir.

Medford, Oregon
was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.99. In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $36,481, and the median income for a family was $43,972. Males had a median income of $34,533 versus $23,714 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,170. About 10.3% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.

Historical populations Census Pop. %± 967 — 1890 1,791 85.2% 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 8,840 5,756 11,087 11,281 17,305 24,425 28,454 39,603 46,951 63,154 393.6% −34.9% 92.6% 1.7% 53.4% 41.1% 16.5% 39.2% 18.6% 34.5%

Points of interest
Alba Park

Est. 2007 72,186 14.3% source:[77][78] As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 63,154 people, 25,093 households, and 16,511 families residing in the city. In 2005 the population was estimated at 71,000 people. The population density was 2,910.5 people per square mile (1,123.7/km²). There were 26,297 housing units at an average density of 1,211.9/sq mi (467.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.99% White, 0.50% African American, 1.07% Native American, 1.14% Asian, 0.26% Pacific Islander, 3.87% from other races, and 3.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.25% of the population. There were 25,093 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size

Statue in Alba Park Location: 42°19′26″N 122°52′34″W / 42.3238°N 122.876°W / 42.3238; -122.876 (Alba Park) The oldest park in Medford, Alba Park is located at the intersection of Holly and Main in downtown Medford. Originally called Library Park due to its proximity to the Medford Carnegie Library, it was later renamed for Medford’s sister city, Alba, Italy.[79] The park contains a gazebo, a statue of a boy with two dogs surrounded by a fountain pool, and a Japanese cannon from World War II.[80][81] The annual Pear Blossom Run starts across the street from Alba Park at the


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Medford city hall, with an all-day fair conducted in the park itself.[82]

Medford, Oregon

Claire Hanley Arboretum
The Claire Hanley Arboretum was first planted in 1962 by Claire and Mary Hanley, two sisters raised on the historic Michael Hanley Farmstead along present day Oregon Route 238.[83] It is part of a larger agriculture research center belonging to the Oregon State University. Located on the grounds are species of the dogwood cornus mas, the dove tree, and the Sorrel tree.

Medford Carnegie Library

Roxy Ann Peak overlooks Medford from the east largest park,[89] a 7.04 square kilometer (2.72 mi², 1,740 acres) protected area called Prescott Park. The land was set aside in the 1930s and named in honor of George J. Prescott, a police officer killed in the line of duty in 1933.[90]

Vogel Plaza

Medford Carnegie Library The Medford Carnegie Library is a two-story library building located in downtown Medford. It was erected in 1911 thanks to a gift from Andrew Carnegie, but was vacated in 2004 after a new library building was constructed near the Rogue Community College extension campus, also in downtown Medford.[84] Currently, there are plans to use the building for class reunions, public meetings, and for annexing some city offices from the neighboring City Hall building.[85]

Art in Bloom 2007 Location: 42°19′35″N 122°52′19″W / 42.3264°N 122.8719°W / 42.3264; -122.8719 (Vogel Plaza) Finished in 1997 at the intersection of E. Main St and Central Ave in downtown Medford, Vogel Plaza has quickly become a center of activity for many local events.[91] One such event is the annual Art in Bloom festival, which is held around Mother’s Day each year. During the two-day festival, over 10,000 people attend and more than 75 artists showcase their work while surrounded by live entertainment, workshops, food, and children’s activities.[92][93][94]

Roxy Ann Peak and Prescott Park
One of Medford’s most prominent landmarks,[86] Roxy Ann Peak is a 30 million year old dormant volcano located on the east side of the city. At 1,089 meters (3,573 ft), the mountain rises almost 610 meters (2000 ft) above the valley floor.[87] It was named for Roxy Ann Bowen, an early settler who lived in its foothills.[88] A significant area of Roxy Ann Peak (including the summit) is enclosed in Medford’s


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Violent Crime Murder 2007[98] 2006[99] 2005[100] 2004[101] 0 265 1 252 1 325 0 288 21 38 229 28 53 243 22 36 193 Rape 30 Robbery 44 Assault 191 Property Crime Burglary 412 3,270 456 3,381 556 4,290 551 4,080

Medford, Oregon

Theft 2662 2,748 3,455 3,272

Car Theft 196 177 279 257

Medford is served by Medford School District 549c and has two main high schools: South Medford High School and North Medford High School. In addition to the two public high schools, Medford has several private high schools. Two of the largest are St. Mary’s School and Cascade Christian High School. In addition, there are 14 public elementary schools and two public middle schools, (Hedrick and McLoughlin). Medford 549C has over 12,500 students enrolled. Crossroads School (a private alternative school), Cascade Christian High School, St. Mary’s School, and Rogue Valley Adventist School (the latter three churches operated or affiliated) are private secondary schools in Medford.[95] In 1997, Grants Pass-based Rogue Community College (RCC) completed construction on a seven-building campus spanning five blocks in downtown Medford.[96] Nearby Ashland-based Southern Oregon University collaborated with Rogue in 2007 on the construction of an eighth building which will offer third- and fourth-year courses to students.[97]

gang activity and organized crime in the past decade.[104]

Police department
The Medford Police Department has 103 sworn police officers supported by a staff of 77 civilian employees.[105]

Notable residents
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • William Abercrombie, U.S. Naval officer Brad Arnsberg, baseball player and coach Justin Baldoni, actor Jeff Barry, baseball player Steve Bechler, baseball player Bill Bowerman, legendary track coach and Nike co-founder Edwin Russell Durno, Oregon state senator and representative Roxanne Ellis and Michelle Abdill, murdered lesbian couple Dick Fosbury, high jumper and inventor of the Fosbury Flop Les Gutches, Greco-Roman wrestler Page Hamilton, musician and record producer Marshall Holman, professional bowler and PBA Hall of Famer Jon Lindstrom, actor Dave Luetkenhoelter, rock musician Allison Machado, Miss Oregon 2006 Teo Olivares, actor Patricia Pine, former Miss Oregon and television reporter Jason James Richter, actor Lisa Rinna, soap opera star Ginger Rogers, actress and screen legend Kyle Singler, player for the Duke Blue Devils college basketball team. Vic Snyder, United States Representative from Arkansas

Crime and law enforcement
The Federal Bureau of Investigation publication "Crime in the United States"[102] provides unranked[103] statistical data from law enforcement agencies across the United States. The table to the right are statistics reported for the city of Medford for the years 2004 through 2007.[98] As with any city that experiences rapid growth, Medford has seen a recent surge in


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• Jonathan Stark, former professional tennis player • Kevin Towers, General Manager San Diego Padres

Medford, Oregon

The official newspaper of Medford and Jackson County is the Mail Tribune, which is owned by Ottaway Community Newspapers. It began circulation in 1909 after a merger between the Medford-based Mail and the Ashland-based Tribune. [106] As of 2004, an average of 37,000 copies of the Mail Tribune are in circulation each day.[107]

• • • • • • • KOBI 05 (NBC) KSYS 08 (PBS) KTVL 10 (CBS) KDRV 12 (ABC) KMCW 14 (Telemundo) KMVU 26 (FOX) KFBI 48 (MyNetworkTV)

Professional sports
In addition to having several athletes who were famous natives or residents of the city, Medford played hosted to several professional sports teams since 1948. It was the home city for several professional baseball teams, most notably the Medford A’s, later known as the Southern Oregon Timberjacks, of the Northwest League. They were a short-season single-A minor league baseball affiliate of the Oakland Athletics who played at historic Miles Field from 1979 to 1999 before relocating to Vancouver, British Columbia. There is currently talk about bringing an expansion franchise from the Golden Baseball League to Medford, but there is no suitable stadium to host such a team at the moment. Medford also hosted a professional indoor football team from the National Indoor Football League known as the Southern Oregon Heat in 2001. Medford’s Lava Lanes bowling alley hosts the PBA’s Medford Open every January, which airs on ESPN.

• KAKT-FM 105.1 New Country • KBOY-FM 95.7 Classic Rock • KCNA 102.7 Classic Hits • KRVC 98.9 Hot 98.9 Top 40 & Urban • KCMX 880 Talk • KCMX-FM 101.9 Soft Adult Contemporary • KDOV-FM 91.7 Christian Top 40 • KEZX-AM 730 Talk Radio • KHRIFM 91.1 Christian Rock • KIFS-FM 107.5 Kiss Top 40 • KLDZFM 103.5 Oldies • KLDRFM 98.7 Top 40 • KMEDAM 1440 Talk • KROGFM 96.9 New Rock • KRRMFM 94.7 Classic Country • KRTAAM 610 Hispanic • KRWQFM 100.3 New & Classic Country • KSJKAM 1230 JPR/SOU Public Radio • KSMF FM 89.1 JPR/SOU Classical / Jazz • KGAY 580 Latin Music • KTMTFM 93.7 Plays Anything • KZZEFM 106.3 New Hard Rock

The city of Medford is responsible for over 322 kilometers (200 miles) of roads within its boundaries.[108]

Major highways
• Interstate 5 runs directly through the center of the city. The section of freeway includes a 3,229 foot (984 m) viaduct that elevates traffic above Bear Creek and the city’s downtown.[109][110] There are two freeway exits in Medford, one at each side of the city. Highway 99 runs through the city’s center.



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Medford, Oregon
hauling cargo to Medford would have to have a much smaller draw.[121] Therefore, Medford does not have a nearby maritime port.

• •

Highway 62 runs through the northern portion of the town. Highway 238 runs through the northwestern portion of Medford.

Sister city

Medford is home to Oregon’s 3rd busiest airport,[111] the Rogue Valley InternationalMedford Airport (airport code MFR). 647,471 people used this regional airport in 2007, which has served over 11 million passengers between 1978 and 2008.[112] Medford airport has two asphalt runways which handle about sixty daily flights from five airlines.[111] With expansion of the airport terminal underway, the facilities are quickly being upgraded.[113]

The greater Medford metro area has been served by Rogue Valley Transportation District (RVTD) since 1975.[114] The bus system operates 6 routes, 4 of which travel to nearby cities Central Point, Jacksonville, Phoenix, Talent, Ashland, and White City.[115] All routes connect at the Front Street Transfer Station, which since October 2008 has contained Medford’s Greyhound Bus depot.[116]

There are no passenger trains that route through Medford. Amtrak trains serve nearby Klamath Falls. People in Medford can board a chartered bus at the RVTD Front Street Transfer Station that will deliver them to the train station in less than two hours. Amtrak California also offers service to Medford via Amtrak coach. [117] The Medford/Ashland stops are Amtrak California’s only Oregon services.

Alba’s Coat of Arms Shortly after the sister city program was established in 1960, Medford was paired up with Alba, Italy. The cities are 9,175 kilometers (5,700 miles) apart and were paired based on 1960 similarities in population, geography, and climate.[122][123] Each year, both Alba and Medford take turns exchanging students. During March and April of one year, students from Medford’s high schools will visit Alba and stay with host families. Likewise, Alba students will visit Medford every other year. 67 Medford students applied for the 2007 trip to Italy, but only 24 were selected.[124] It was former mayor of Medford John W. Snider who selected Alba during his 1957-1962 term, making a satellite phone call to Alba’s former mayor Osvaldo Cagnasso.[42][125]

The nearest maritime port is the Port of Coos Bay, which is 167 miles (269 km) away. The nearby Rogue River is monitored for flooding at the Gold Ray Dam, a decommissioned hydroelectric dam built in 1906 near Gold Hill.[118] The National Weather Service identifies 3.6 meters (12 ft) as the flood level.[119] At this depth, navigability between the Pacific Ocean and the Rogue Valley is limited. Even a small "handysize" freighter is unable to make the trip,[120] and any ship


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Medford, Oregon


[12] ^ "The Phipps-Howard War". Mail Tribune as quoted by the Talky Tina [1] ^ "American FactFinder". United States Press. Census Bureau. phipps-howard.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2008-03-13. 2008-01-31. [13] "Commentary". Democratic Times [2] "US Board on Geographic Names". (Jacksonville, Oregon). Talky Tina Press. United States Geological Survey. 1883-12-14. 3. 2007-10-25. %7Etruwe/tina/medford1883.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. Retrieved on 2008-04-27. [3] "Certified Population Estimates for [14] Riedel, Marilyn; Constance Guardino III, Oregon’s Cities and Towns". Population M.. "Rogue River Communities". Research Center. Portland State University. December 15, 2008. lesson15.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-28. [15] "Since you asked: A bridge too many". 2008CertPopEstCitiesTwns_web.pdf. Mail Tribune. 2008-02-08. Retrieved on 2008-12-19. [4] "Population Estimates for Oregon and Its pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080208/NEWS/ Counties" (PDF). Portland State 802080334/-1/NEWS02. Retrieved on University. 2008-03-26. r/PRC_Release_07_state_co_web.pdf. [16] "A little bit of history". Mail Tribune. Retrieved on 2008-02-02. March 26, 2008. [5] ^ "About Medford". Mail Tribune. pbcs.dll/article?AID=/99999999/NEWS/ pbcs.dll/section?category=COMM01. 710090334. Retrieved on 2008-03-26. Retrieved on 2008-01-18. [17] "History of Medford, Oregon". Talky Tina [6] "Find a County". National Association of Press. Counties. 1932history.html. Retrieved on Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/ 2008-03-26. cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved [18] "History of Jacksonville". Jacksonville on 2008-01-31. Chamber of Commerce. [7] "Railroad Notes". Oregon Sentinel (Jacksonville, Oregon). Talky Tina Press. history.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-28. March 10, 1882. 3. [19] ^ Aleccia, Jonel (January 3, 1999). %7Etruwe/tina/medford1883.html. "Takin’ the old road". Mail Tribune. Retrieved on 2008-03-13. [8] "Local Items". Oregon Sentinel 99/jan99/1399n2.htm. Retrieved on (Jacksonville, Oregon). Talky Tina Press. 2008-03-14. June 9, 1883. 3. [20] Davis, Jim (March 12, 1999). "I-5 just %7Etruwe/tina/medford1883.html. another Medford street, study suggests". Retrieved on 2008-03-13. Mail Tribune. [9] "Commentary". Oregon Sentinel (Jacksonville, Oregon). Talky Tina Press. 99/mar99/31299n3.htm. Retrieved on May 19, 1883. 3. 2008-03-14. %7Etruwe/tina/medford1883.html. [21] "North Medford interchange ramp Retrieved on 2008-03-13. detour planned for January 3". Oregon [10] "Commentary". Oregon Sentinel Bureau of Labor and Industries. January (Jacksonville, Oregon). Talky Tina Press. 1, 2005. December 8, 1883. 3. ODOT/HWY/REGION3/ %7Etruwe/tina/medford1883.html. nmi_newsrelease_010105.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-03-13. Retrieved on 2008-03-14. [11] "Masonic Section of JVille Cm, Sorted by [22] Landers, Meg (April 12, 2007). "Concrete Name". Jacksonville Cemetery. beam heads for south interchange". Mail Tribune. Masons.htm. Retrieved on 2008-04-27. archive/2007/0412/local/stories/


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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[106] tiles, Greg (2007-08-02). "Future of S Mail Tribune’s unclear". Mail Tribune. pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070802/BIZ/ 708020307. Retrieved on 2008-02-25. [107] emmott, Mark (2004-08-23). "Local M media’s clout rises in battleground states". USAToday. politicselections/nation/president/ 2004-08-23-localmedia-usat_x.htm. Retrieved on 2008-02-25. [108]Utility accounts". City of Medford. " Page.asp?NavID=117. Retrieved on 2008-03-17. [109]Interstate 5". State of Oregon " Department of Transportation. interstate50_I5.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-03-14. [110]The Interstate in Oregon". State of " Oregon. COMM/interstate50inOR.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-03-14. [111] "General Information". Jackson County ^ Airport Page. Page.asp?NavID=72. Retrieved on 2008-02-05. [112]Passenger Flow 1978-2007" (PDF). " Jackson County, Oregon. Passenger%20Flow%200307.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-01-23. [113]Construction Updates for Rogue Valley " International-Medford Airport". Jackson County, Oregon. 2006-01-27. Page.asp?NavID=1774. Retrieved on 2008-01-23. [114]About Us". Rogue Valley Transportation " District. about_us.php. Retrieved on 2008-02-10. [115]Bus Schedules". Rogue Valley " Transportation District. Retrieved on 2008-02-10. [116] chen, Paris (2008-09-25). "Greyhound A unveils new Medford bus station". Mail Tribune. apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080925/ NEWS/809250325. Retrieved on 2009-04-14. [117] ttp:// h California_Trains-Thruways-2008.pdf


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[118] reeman, Mark (2008-03-07). "Future of F Gold Ray Dam up in air". Mail Tribune. pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080307/NEWS/ 803070320. Retrieved on 2008-03-18. [119]Rogue River at Gold Ray". Advanced " Hydrologic Prediction Service. National Weather Service. hydrograph.php?wfo=mfr&gage=rygo3. Retrieved on 2008-03-18. [120] he summer draft of typical handysize T cargo ships can easily reach 10 meters (33 ft). [121] olliday, Louise (2007-09-07). S "Availability and Content of Draft Navigability Study Report" (PDF). Oregon Department of State Lands. rogue_hearing_notice_2007.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-03-18. [122]Oregon Sister Relationships". Economic " and Community Development Department. sistercities.htm. Retrieved on 2008-01-23.

Medford, Oregon
[123]Our Sister City". City of Medford. " Page.asp?NavID=80. Retrieved on 2008-01-23. [124] chen, Paris (2007-02-27). "Medford A students off to Italy". Mail Tribune. 2007/0227/local/stories/albaexchange.htm. Retrieved on 2008-01-23. [125]Council welcomes mayor Rossetto and " youth from Alba, Italy" (PDF). City of Medford Quarterly Newsletter. City of Medford. October 2005. Retrieved on 2008-03-24.

External links
• City of Medford • Oregon Blue Book entry for Medford • Visitors and Conventions Bureau of Medford • Medford Urban Renewal Agency Coordinates: 42°19′55″N 122°51′43″W / 42.331998°N 122.861874°W / 42.331998; -122.861874

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