Lubbock__Texas - PDF by zzzmarcus

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Lubbock, Texas

Lubbock, Texas
City of Lubbock County Government - Mayor Area - City - Land - Water
Downtown Lubbock in 2005

Lubbock Tom Martin 114.9 sq mi (297.6 km2) 114.8 sq mi (297.4 km2) 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2) 3,202 ft (992.4 m) 212,169 1,825.2/sq mi (704.7/km2) 261,411 CST (UTC-6) CDT (UTC-5) 806 48-45000[1] 1374760[2]

Elevation Population (2006) - City - Density - Metro


Nickname(s): Hub City Motto: The Giant Side of Texas

Time zone - Summer (DST) Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website

Location within the state of Texas

Lubbock (pronounced /ˈlʌbək/[3]) is an American city in the state of Texas. Located in the northwestern part of the state, a region known historically as the Llano Estacado, it is the county seat of Lubbock County, and the home of Texas Tech University. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the city population was 199,564, making it the 90th largest city in the United States and the 11th largest in Texas.[4] The 2006 population was estimated to be 212,169.[5] Lubbock County had an estimated 2006 population of 254,862.[6] Lubbock’s nickname is the "Hub City" which derives from being the economic, education, and health care hub of a multi-county region commonly called the South Plains.[7] The area is the largest contiguous cottongrowing region in the world[8][9] and is heavily dependent on irrigation water drawn from the Ogallala Aquifer.

Coordinates: 33°33′53″N 101°52′40″W / 33.56472°N 101.87778°W / 33.56472; -101.87778Coordinates: 33°33′53″N 101°52′40″W / 33.56472°N 101.87778°W / 33.56472; -101.87778 Country State United States Texas

The county of Lubbock was founded in 1876, named after Thomas Saltus Lubbock, a Confederate colonel and member of the Terry’s Texas Rangers, a group of Texas volunteers for the Confederate Army.[10] As early as 1884, a federal post office named Lubbock


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existed in Yellowhouse Canyon. However, the town of Lubbock was not founded until 1890, when it was formed from a unique merger arrangement between two smaller towns, "Old Lubbock" and Monterey. The terms of the compromise included keeping the Lubbock name but the Monterey townsite, so the previous Old Lubbock residents relocated south to the Monterey location, including putting Old Lubbock’s Nicolette Hotel on rollers and pulling it across a canyon to its new home. In 1891 Lubbock became the county seat and on March 16, 1909 Lubbock was incorporated. Texas Technological College (now Texas Tech University) has been a part of Lubbock since 1923. Its medical school, the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, opened in 1969. Lubbock Christian University, founded in 1957, and Sunset International Bible Institute, both affiliated with the Churches of Christ, have their main campuses in the city. South Plains College and Wayland Baptist University operate branch campuses in Lubbock. The city is home to the Lubbock Lake Landmark, part of the Museum of Texas Tech University. The landmark is an archaeological and natural history preserve at the northern edge of the city. It shows evidence of almost twelve thousand years of human occupation in the region. Another part of the museum, the National Ranching Heritage Center, houses historic ranch-related structures from the area. In August 1951, a v-shaped formation of lights was seen over the city. The "Lubbock Lights" series of sightings received national publicity and is regarded as one of the first great UFO cases. The sightings were considered credible because they were witnessed by several respected science professors at Texas Technological College and were photographed by a Texas Tech student. The photographs were reprinted nationwide in newspapers and in Life magazine. Project Blue Book, the US Air Force’s official study of the UFO mystery, did an extensive investigation of the Lubbock Lights. They concluded that the photographs were not a hoax and showed genuine objects. However, they did dismiss the UFOs themselves as being either "night-flying moths" or a type of bird called a plover. The Air Force argued that the underside of the plovers or moths was reflected in the glow of Lubbock’s new street lights at night. However, other researchers have

Lubbock, Texas
disputed these explanations, and for many the "Lubbock Lights" remain a mystery. On May 11, 1970, the Lubbock Tornado struck the city. Twenty-six people died, and damage was estimated at $125 million. The downtown NTS Tower, then known as the Great Plains Life Building, at 271 feet (83 m) in height, is believed to have been the tallest building ever to survive a direct hit from an F5 tornado.[11] Then Mayor Jim Granberry and the Lubbock City Council, which included Granberry’s successor as mayor, Morris W. Turner, were charged with directing the task of rebuilding the downtown in the aftermath of the storm. In 2008 Lubbock celebrated its centennial.

Geography and climate
Lubbock is located at 33°33′53″N 101°52′40″W / 33.564735°N 101.877793°W / 33.564735; -101.877793 (33.564735, -101.877793).[12] The official elevation is 3,256 feet (992 m) above sea level, but stated figures range from 3195 to 3281.[13][14][15] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 114.9 square miles (297.6 km2), of which, 114.8 square miles (297.4 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) of it (0.09%) is water. Lubbock has a mild, semi-arid climate.[16] On average, Lubbock receives 18 inches of rain and ten inches of snow per year.[17] Summers in Lubbock are hot, although temperatures usually drop 30 degrees overnight, creating lows between 60 °F (16 °C) and 70 °F (21 °C). Average high temperatures are about 90 °F (32 °C) in June, July, and August. The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F (46 °C) in 1994.[18] Winter days in Lubbock are typically sunny and relatively mild, but nights are cold with temperatures dipping below freezing.[18][19]

Law and government
Lubbock has a council-manager government system, with all governmental powers resting in a legislative body called a city council. The current mayor of Lubbock, elected May 9, 2008, is Tom Martin, a former municipal information officer.


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Lubbock, Texas
May 9, 2009, liquor package sales became legal. The Lubbock Police Department was shaped by the long-term administration of Chief J.T. Alley (1923-2009), who served from 1957-1983, the third longest tenure in state history. Under Alley, the department acquired its first Juvenile Division, K-9 Corps, Rape Crisis Center, and Special Weapons and Tactics teams. He also presided over the desegregation of the department and coordinated efforts during the 1970 tornadoes.[21]

The first Lubbock County Courthouse was used from 1891-1916.

The Lubbock area is the largest contiguous cotton-growing region in the world and is heavily dependent on irrigation water drawn from the Ogallala Aquifer.[22] However, the aquifer is being depleted at a rate that is not sustainable in the long term. Much progress has been made in the area of water conservation and new technologies such as Low Energy Precision Application (LEPA) irrigation were originally developed in the Lubbock area. A pipeline to Lake Alan Henry is expected to supply up to 3.2 billion gallons of water per year upon completion in 2012.[23] Adolph R. Hanslik, who died in 2007 at the age of ninety, was called the "dean" of the Lubbock cotton industry, having worked for years to promote the export trade. Hanslik was also the largest contributor (through 2006) to the Texas Tech University Medical Center.[24] He also endowed the Texas Czech Heritage and Cultural Center’s capital campaign for construction of a new library museum archives building in La Grange in Fayette County in his native southeastern Texas.[25] The ten largest employers in terms of the number of employees are: Texas Tech University, Covenant Health System, Lubbock Independent School District, University Medical Center, United Supermarkets, City of Lubbock, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, AT&T, Convergys, and Lubbock County. A study conducted by a professor at the Rawls College of Business determined that Texas Tech students, faculty and staff generate about $1.5 billion with about $297.5 million from student shopping alone.[26] Lubbock has one regional enclosed mall, South Plains Mall, which includes two Dillard’s, JC Penney, Sears, and Bealls. More

The second Lubbock County Courthouse remained open until 1968, though a third courthouse had been built in 1950. Up until May 9, 2009, Lubbock County and the City of Lubbock had an unusual legal situation regarding the sale of alcoholic beverages. The county allows package sales but not "by the drink" sales except at private institutions such as country clubs. Inside the Lubbock city limits, the situation is reversed with restaurants and bars able to serve alcohol but liquor stores forbidden. Lubbock remained legally dry until an election on April 9, 1972, made liquor by the drink, but not package sales, legal, and Lubbock abandoned its distinction as the largest dry city in the country.[20] A privately owned conglomeration of liquor stores, called "The Strip", is located on U.S. Highway 87. Though within city limits, "The Strip" is exempt from the city’s liquor laws. On November 21, 2006, the Lubbock City Council voted 5-1 to annex "The Strip", making package alcohol sales legal within the city limits. There exist, however, significant barriers to entry for stores outside "The Strip" area to sell packaged alcohol. The new annexation will contribute a sales tax of 1.5 percent, or 10 cents for every 7 dollars, to the city. Because of state law, liquor sales will be limited to the newly annexed area. On


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than 150 specialty retailers are located in the center, including Hollister, Abercrombie & Fitch, Forever 21, Christopher & Banks, aerie, Aldo, Cardinal’s Sports Center, American Eagle Outfitters, Buckle, Finish Line, Victoria’s Secret, and many others. Lubbock also has numerous open air shopping centers, most located in the booming Southwest area of Lubbock: Kingsgate Shopping Center includes numerous upscale tenants such as Malouf’s, Anderson Bros. Jewelers, Banana Republic, Coldwater Creek, Woodhouse Day Spa, Chico’s, Harold’s, Ann Taylor, and others. The Village Center is home to Zoo-kini’s Restaurant, Ribbons & Bows, The Radiant Lily, Subway Restaurant, Cokesbury Books & Church Supplies, and others. Rockridge Plaza offers a Lowe’s Grocery/Ace Hardware, O’Hana’s Japanese Steakhouse, Jo-Ann Fabrics and Crafts, among other tenants. Lubbock’s newest, open air shopping center is Canyon West, located off the newly constructed Marsha Sharp Freeway (named after the renowned Texas Tech Women’s Basketball coach, retired). Canyon West opened the first stores in mid-2007, with new stores continuing to open as of October 2008. Canyon West offers shoppers a new Target, Burlington Coat Factory, Petsmart, Office Depot, Ulta Salon & Cosmetics, Kirkland’s, DSW Shoes, Rack Room Shoes, World Market, Ross, and LifeWay Christian Resources bookstore. In close proximity to Canyon West is a Starbucks (with drive-thru), Cracker Barrel restaurant, and Main Event - an indoor recreation and entertainment center. As of March 2007, there are four WalMart Supercenters in the city, with two having been recently completed. The downtown supercenter is at the intersection of Avenue Q and Mac Davis Lane across from the renovated Radisson Hotel.

Lubbock, Texas

Legalization of packaged alcohol sales
Petition effort
On August 12, 2008 the Lubbock Chamber of Commerce announced that they would lead the effort to get enough signatures to force an up-or-down vote on package alcohol sales in Lubbock.[27] A Political Action Committee (PAC) entitled Let Lubbock Vote was formed shortly after for this purpose.[28] A total of 18,747 signatures were required for the issue to be placed on the May 9, 2009 ballot.[29] The petition drive kicked off on October 1, 2008 and was ran by Texas Petition Strategies, a firm hired by the PAC.[29] Within two weeks Texas Petition Strategies (TPS) had collected over 25,000 valid signatures on the two petitions which read "the legal sale of all alcoholic beverages for off-premise consumption only" and "the legal sale of mixed beverages in restaurants by food and beverage certificate holders only."[29] Another PAC called The Truth About Alcohol Sales, was formed in early October to oppose the petition.[30] On November 12, 2008 Let Lubbock Vote turned in over 33,000 signatures to the county election administrator.[31] Lubbock County Commissioners placed the issues on the May 9, 2009 ballot on December 22, 2008 after 25,720 signatures were verified by elections officials.[32]

May 9 ballot
Early voting, for the May 9 ballot, began on April 27, 2009 and ended May 5, 2009, during this time about 41,000 ballots were cast.[32][33] On May 9, election day, 9,552 voters cast ballots, bringing the total to approximately 50,700 or 35% of Lubbock County’s registered voters.[33] Proposition 1, which expanded the sale of packaged alcohol in the county, passed by nearly a margin of 2 to 1 with 64.5 percent in favor.[32] Proposition 2, which legalized the sale of mixeddrink in restaurants county-wide, passed with 69.5 percent in favor.[32]

Economic Development
Originally founded as Market Lubbock in 1997, the Lubbock Economic Development Alliance (LEDA) was established by the City to recruit new business and industry to Lubbock and to retain existing companies. LEDA’s mission is to promote economic growth through the creation of high quality jobs, attract new capital investment, retain and expand existing businesses, and improve the quality of life in Lubbock, Texas.

Legal battle
Majestic Liquor, Inc. and Pinkie’s, Inc., owners of several of the stores at the strip, filed suit against the city of Lubbock and the Texas Alcoholic Beverage commission (TABC)


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on May 4, 2009.[32] In their lawsuit, the corporations claim that the ordinance unfairly discriminates amongst retailers, violating Texas State Law. The lawsuit states that the ordinance attempts to limit the size of packaged stores to 3,000 in some areas, while other business do not have such a restriction.[34] The two companies requested that a temporary restraining order be placed against the city and the TABC preventing the issuance of new alcohol sale permits.[33][34] After the lawsuit was filed 237th District Judge Sam Medina issued the restraining order, which is effective until May 18, 2009 when a hearing on a temporary injunction will be held.[34]

Lubbock, Texas
251 same-sex female households. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07. In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 17.9% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,844, and the median income for a family was $41,418. Males had a median income of $30,222 versus $21,708 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,511. About 12.0% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.

Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1,938 — 1910 4,051 109.0% 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 20,520 31,853 71,747 128,691 149,101 173,979 186,206 199,564 406.5% 55.2% 125.2% 79.4% 15.9% 16.7% 7.0% 7.2%

People and culture

Est. 2007 217,326 8.9% As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 199,564 people, 77,527 households, and 48,531 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,738.2 people per square mile (671.1/km2). There were 84,066 housing units at an average density of 732.2/ sq mi (282.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.87% White, 8.66% African American, 0.56% Native American, 1.54% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 14.32% from other races, and 2.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.45% of the population. There are 77,527 households, of which 30.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau. Of 77,527 households, 3,249 are unmarried partner households: 2,802 heterosexual, 196 same-sex male, and

Buddy Holly statue on the Walk of Fame Lubbock is the birthplace of rock and roll legend Buddy Holly and features a cultural center named for him. The city previously hosted an annual Buddy Holly Music Festival. However, the event was renamed Lubbock Music Festival after Holly’s widow increased usage fees for his name. Similarly, the city renamed the Buddy Holly West Texas Walk of Fame to honor area musicians as the West Texas Hall of Fame.[35] On January 26, 2009, the City of Lubbock agreed to pay Holly’s widow $20,000 for the next 20 years to maintain the name of the Buddy Holly Center. Additionally, land near the center will be named the Buddy and Maria Holly Plaza.[36] Holly’s


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legacy is also remembered through the work of deejays such as Bud Andrews and Virgil Johnson on radio station KDAV.[37] Lubbock’s Memorial Civic Center hosts many events. Former Mayor Morris Turner (1931-2008), who served from 1972-1974, has been called the father of the Civic Center. The city has also been the birthplace or home of several country musicians including Delbert McClinton, Jimmie Dale Gilmore, Butch Hancock and Joe Ely (collectively known as The Flatlanders), Mac Davis, Terry Allen, Lloyd Maines and his daughter, Dixie Chicks singer, Natalie Maines, Texas Tech alums Pat Green and Cory Morrow, and Coronado High School graduate Richie McDonald (lead singer of Lonestar until 2007). Pete Orta from the Christian rock group Petra, basketball players Craig Ehlo and Daniel Santiago, and football player Mason Crosby have also called Lubbock home. The city is also the birthplace of actor Chace Crawford (The Covenant, Gossip Girl), singer Travis Garland from the band NLT. The National Cowboy Symposium and Celebration, an annual event celebrating the prototypical Old West cowboy, takes place in Lubbock. The event is held in September and features art, music, cowboy poetry, stories, and the presentation of scholarly papers on cowboy culture and the history of the American West. A chuckwagon cook-off and horse parade also take place during the event. Every year on July 4, Lubbock hosts the 4th on Broadway event, an Independence Day festival. The event is entirely free to the public, and is considered the largest free festival in Texas. The day’s activities usually include a morning parade, a street fair along Broadway Avenue with food stalls and live bands, the Early Settlers’ Luncheon, and an evening concert/fireworks program. Broadway Festivals Inc., the non-profit corporation which organizes the event, estimates a 2004 attendance of over 175,000 people. Additionally, the College Baseball Foundation holds events relating to its College Baseball Hall of Fame during the 4th on Broadway event. Lubbock’s main newspaper is the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, which is owned by Morris Communications. Texas Tech University publishes a student-run daily newspaper called, The Daily Toreador.

Lubbock, Texas
Local TV stations include KTXT-TV-5 (PBS), KCBD-11 (NBC), KLBK-13 (CBS), KAMC-28 (ABC), and KJTV-TV-34 (Fox). According to a study released by the nonpartisan Bay Area Center for Voting Research, Lubbock is the second most conservative city in the United States with a population over 100,000.[38]


Joyland Amusement Park

A child watches the ducks at Higginbotham Park, one of Lubbock’s some seventy-five municipal parks. The National Ranching Heritage Center, a museum of ranching history, is located in Lubbock. It features a number of authentic early Texas ranch buildings as well as a railroad depot and other historic buildings. There is also an extensive collection of weapons on display. Jim Humphreys, late manager of the Pitchfork Ranch east of Lubbock, was a prominent board member of the center. The Southwest Collection, an archive of the history of the region and its surroundings which also works closely with the College


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Baseball Foundation, is located on the campus of Texas Tech University, as are the Moody Planetarium and the Museum of Texas Tech University. The Depot District, an area of the city dedicated to music and nightlife, is located in the old railroad depot area and boasts a number of theatres, upscale restaurants, and cultural attractions. The Depot District is also home to several shops, pubs and nightclubs, a radio station, a brewery, a magazine, a winery, a salon, and other establishments. Many of the buildings were remodeled from the original Fort Worth & Denver South Plains Railway Depot which originally stood on the site. The Buddy Holly Center, a museum highlighting the life and music of Buddy Holly, is also located in the Depot District. So is the restored community facility, the Cactus Theater. Lubbock is also home to the Silent Wings Museum. Located on North I-27, Silent Wings features photographs and artifacts from the World War II era glider pilots. The Science Spectrum is an interactive museum and IMAX Dome theatre with a special focus on children and youth.

Lubbock, Texas

A Texas Tech Red Raiders football game Tankard, Ross Haislip, Peter Blake, and Tanner Kneese, won the collegiate national championship.[41] The football program has been competing since October 3, 1925. The Red Raiders have won eleven conference titles and been to 31 bowl games, winning five of the last seven. The men’s basketball program, started in 1925 and presently coached by Pat Knight, son of hall-of-famer and former Texas Tech coach Bob Knight, has been to the NCAA Tournament 14 times—advancing to the Sweet 16 three times. Of the varsity sports, Texas Tech has had its greatest success in women’s basketball. Led by Sheryl Swoopes and head coach Marsha Sharp, the Lady Raiders won the NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship in 1993. The Lady Raiders have also been to the NCAA Elite Eight three times and the NCAA Sweet 16 seven times. In early 2006, Lady Raiders coach Marsha Sharp resigned and was replaced on March 30, 2006 by Kristy Curry, who had been coaching at Purdue. Other sports at Tech include cross country, baseball, golf, tennis, track, ice hockey, soccer, softball, volleyball and polo. High school athletics also feature prominently in the local culture. In addition, Lubbock is the home of the Chaparrals of Lubbock Christian University. In 2007, the Lubbock Renegades began play as a member of the af2, a developmental league of the Arena Football League. In 2007, the Lubbock Western All-Stars Little League Baseball team made it to the final four of the Little League World Series.[42]

Mackenzie Park
Mackenzie Park is home to Joyland Amusement Park, Prairie Dog Town, and both a disc golf and regular golf course. The park also holds the American Wind Power Center which houses over 100 historic windmills on 28 acres. The Brazos river winds through Mackenzie Park. It is collectively part of the rather extensive Lubbock Park system.[39][40] In March 1877, Mackenzie Park was the site of the Battle of Yellow House Canyon, which occurred during the Buffalo Hunters’ War.

The Texas Tech Red Raiders have seventeen teams in eleven different varsity sports. Men’s varsity sports at Texas Tech are baseball, basketball, cross country, football, golf, tennis, and indoor and outdoor track & field. Women’s varsity sports are basketball, cross country, golf, indoor and outdoor track & field, soccer, softball, tennis, and volleyball. The university also offers 30 club sports, including cycling, equestrian, ice hockey, lacrosse, polo, rodeo, rugby, running, sky diving, swimming, water polo, and wrestling. In 2006, the polo team, composed of Will


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Lubbock, Texas
• Lubbock Lake Landmark • Lubbock Post Office and Federal Building • South Overton Residential Historic District • Texas Technological College Dairy Barn • Texas Technological College Historic District • Tubbs-Carlisle House • Warren and Myrta Bacon House • William Curry Holden and Olive Price Holden House

National Register of Historic Places


Warren and Myrta Bacon House

Downtown Lubbock seen from I-27 The city’s air services are provided by Lubbock Preston Smith International Airport, which is named for the Lubbock businessman who became lieutenant governor and governor of Texas. It is located on the northeast side of the city. Public transportation is provided by Citibus, a bus transit system running Monday through Saturday every week with a transit center hub in downtown. Lubbock is served by major highways. Interstate 27 (the former Avenue H) links the city to Amarillo and Interstate 40, a transcontinental route. I-27 was completed through the city in 1992 (it originally terminated just north of downtown). Other major highways include US 62 and US 82 which run concurrently (except for 4th Street (82) and 19th Street (62) through the city east-west as the Brownfield Highway (soon to be upgraded to Marsha Sharp Freeway, 19th Street (62 only), 4th Street/Parkway Drive (82 only) and Idalou Highway. US 84 (Avenue Q/Slaton Highway/Clovis Road) is also another eastwest route running NW/SE diagonally. U.S. Highway 87 runs between San Angelo and

The restored Cactus Theater on Buddy Holly Avenue in Lubbock • • • • • • • • Cactus Theater Canyon Lakes Archaeological District Carlock Building Fort Worth and Denver South Plains Railway Depot Fred and Annie Snyder House Holden Properties Historic District Kress Building Lubbock High School


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Amarillo and follows I-27 concurrently. State Highway 114 runs east-west, following US 62/82 on the east before going its own way. Lubbock is circled by Loop 289, which suffers from traffic congestion despite being a potential bypass around the city, which is the reason behind I-27 and Brownfield Highway being built through the city to have freeway traffic flow effectively inside the loop. The city is set up on a simple grid plan. In the heart of the city, numbered streets run east-west and lettered avenues run northsouth — the grid begins at Avenue A in the east and First Street in the north. North of First Street, city planners chose to name streets alphabetically from the south to the north after colleges and universities. The north-south avenues run from A to Y. What would be Avenue Z is actually University Avenue since it runs along the east side of Texas Tech. Beyond that, the A-to-Z convention resumes, using U.S. cities found east of the Mississippi (e.g. Akron Avenue, Boston Avenue, Canton Avenue). Again, the Z name is not used, with Slide Road appearing in its place. Lubbock has no inter-city rail service, although there have been various proposals over the years to remedy this. One, the Caprock Chief, would have seen daily service as part of a Fort Worth, Texas—Denver, Colorado service, but it failed to gain traction.[43]

Lubbock, Texas

Texas Tech University contiguous campus in the United States and is the only school in Texas to house an undergraduate institution, law school, and medical school at the same location. Altogether, the university has educated students from all 50 U.S. states and over 100 foreign countries. Enrollment has continued to increase in recent years and growth is on track with a plan to have 40,000 students by the year 2020. Lubbock also has other college campuses in the city including Lubbock Christian University, South Plains College, Wayland Baptist University, and Sunset International Bible Institute. Most of Lubbock is served by the Lubbock Independent School District. Small portions of Lubbock extend into the neighboring districts of Frenship, Lubbock-Cooper, and Roosevelt. The Lubbock area is also home to many private schools, such as Christ the King High School, Christ the King Junior High, Christ the King Elementary, Trinity Christian High School, Lubbock Christian High School, and All Saints Episcopal School.


Lubbock High School Lubbock is home to Texas Tech University, which was established on February 10, 1923, as Texas Technological College. It is the leading institution of the Texas Tech University System and has the seventh largest student body in the state of Texas. With 1,839 acres (7.44 km2), it has the second largest


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Lubbock, Texas
[11] "Lubbock, Texas". National Weather Service Forecast Office. 20061009180854/ Local_interest_events/LUB_tornado/ lubtor.html. [12] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [13] "About Lubbock". The City of Lubbock. aboutLubbock.aspx. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. [14] "Lubbock, Texas Profile and Resource Guide". USA Cities Online. txcountylubbock.htm. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. [15] "Lubbock, Texas". Weather Underground. Lubbock.html. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. [16] "Lubbock Climate". Lubbock Works. lubb_climate.shtml. [17] "Lubbock at a Glance". Lubbock Chamber of Commerce. custom2.asp?pageid=2534. [18] ^ "Monthly Averages for Lubbock, TX". The Weather Channel. wxclimatology/monthly/USTX0808. [19] "Facts About Lubbock, TX" (PDF). Texas Tech University. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. [20] Lubbock, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online [21] "Elliott Blackburn, "Late police chief saw city through tornado, was known for stern fairness"". Lubbock AvalancheJournal. stories/042809/loc_434252352.shtml. [22] "Texas Computer Training Institute Lubbock". Education Portal. Texas_Computer_Training_Institute_-_Lubbock.html. [23] Battle on for water until Alan Henry pipeline done Accessed 2009-01-19. [24] Ginter, Derrick. "Local Cotton Exporter, Philanthropist Dies". KOHM.

[1] ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [2] "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [3] "Lubbock". Merriam-Webster Dictionary (Online ed.). Merriam-Webster Incorporated. 2006. Retrieved on 2006-11-09. [4] Texas State Library / U.S. Census Bureau. "2000 Census: Population of Texas Cities". ref/abouttx/popcity32000.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-19. [5] "Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2006 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006". United States Census Bureau. tables/SUB-EST2006-01.csv. Retrieved on 2007-12-18. [6] "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population for Counties of Texas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (CSV). 2006 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2007-03-22. popest/counties/tables/COEST2006-01-48.csv. Retrieved on 2008-12-19. [7] "Media Resources". Lubbock Chamber of Commerce. 2006. media.htm. Retrieved on 2006-11-09. [8] "Lubbock Community". Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center. laurawbushinstitute/lubbock/ community.aspx. [9] Morrow, M.R.; Kreig, D.R.. "Cotton Management Strategies for a Short Growing Season Environment: WaterNitrogen Considerations". Agronomy Journal. content/abstract/82/1/52. [10] "Thomas Saltus Lubbock". Online Archive of Terry’s Texas Rangers. biographical_notes/l/lubbock_ts.htm.


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Lubbock, Texas story.asp?s=10302262. Retrieved on ?p=1460#more-1460. 2009-05-10. [25] "Hanslik’s contribution to the Texas [35] "Lubbock scraps Holly name at two Czech Center announced". El Campo sites". Yahoo! Music. Leader-News. http://www.leader 43931755. Retrieved on 2008-09-06. 049.html. [36] Graham, Mike (2009-01-29). "City [26] Graham, Mike. "Students’ return boosts approves $20k contract for Buddy Holly university’s billion-dollar impact in naming rights". The Daily Toreador. Lubbock". The Daily Toreador. media/storage/paper870/news/2009/01/ media/storage/paper870/news/2008/08/ 29/News/City26/News/ Approves.20k.Contract.For.Buddy.Holly.Naming.Righ Students.Return.Boosts.Universitys.BillionDollar.Impact.In.Lubbock-3403983.shtml. Retrieved on 2009-02-03. Retrieved on 2008-08-25. [37] "KDAV DJ, Bud Andrews". KDAV. [27] "Chamber to Lead Alcohol Petition Effort". My Fox Lubbock. [38] "Study Ranks America’s Most Liberal and Conservative Cities". GovPro. pages/Home/ Detail?contentId=7191012&version=2&locale=EN31439/. US&layoutCode=TSTY&pageId=1.1.1&sflg=1. "Mackenzie Park/Prairie Dog Town". [39] Retrieved on 2009-05-09. Texas Travel. [28] ""Let Lubbock Vote" Committee pg/ Formed". KCBD. Activity.aspx?id=966cfb5b-6be4-41f1-9d95-7b3b16b7 Global/story.asp?S=8940812. Retrieved [40] "Lubbock’s Mackenzie Park". Lubbock on 2009-05-09. Hospitality. [29] ^ "Lubbock alcohol petition drive hits goal". Lubbock Online. mackenzie. [41] "2006 Collegiate Polo Championships". loc_345795134.shtml. Retrieved on The Polo Zone. 2009-05-09. [30] "PAC sees alcohol petition as early events2006/march06/ success". Daily Toreador. 032306_nationals.html. [42] "2007 Little League World Series". Little media/storage/paper870/news/2008/10/ League Baseball. 08/News/Pac Sees.Alcohol.Petition.As.Early.Success-3475721.shtml. 2007divisions/llbb/series.htm. Retrieved on 2009-05-09. [43] Van Wagenen, Chris (2001-08-02). [31] "Let Lubbock Vote turns in alcohol "Lubbock officials backing plans for petition". Lubbock Online. Amtrak rail service". Amarillo Globe News. 111208/bus_355125518.shtml. Retrieved 080201/tex_amtrakrail.shtml. Retrieved on 2009-05-09. on 2008-05-14. [32] ^ "Voters decide alcohol issue May 9". Lubbock Avalanche Journal. • Visit Lubbock 122308/loc_370386544.shtml. Retrieved • City of Lubbock Official Site on 2009-05-09. • Lubbock Area Parks [33] ^ "Lubbock County voters approve • Lubbock Chamber of Commerce alcohol sales issues". Lubbock Online. • Lubbock Economic Development Alliance • Lubbock Hispanic Chamber of Commerce loc_438243037.shtml. Retrieved on • Lubbock Avalanche-Journal newspaper 2009-05-10. • Lubbock travel guide from Wikitravel [34] ^ "Alcohol corporations file suit against • Buddy Holly Walk city of Lubbock and TABC". KCBD.

External links


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Historical photos by Winston Reeves at Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University

Lubbock, Texas
• Other historical photos at Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University

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