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List of California Historical Landmarks

List of California Historical Landmarks
• • • • help ships avoid a submerged rock near Yerba Buena Island Francisco Alviso Adobe (#510), one of the earliest adobes in the Amador Valley Camino of Rancho San Antonio (#299), Oakland Site of the China Clipper flight departure (#968) Church of St. James the Apostle (#694), founded under authority of Bishop Kip, first Episcopal Bishop for California, this church in Oakland has provided uninterrupted service since June 27, 1858 Site of College of California (#45), original site of the University of California Site of first county courthouse (#503), in Union City. Concannon Vineyard (#641), founded by James Concannon Cresta Blanca Winery (#586), founded by Charles Wetmore Croll Building (#954), pivotal in the development of boxing in California Emeryville Shellmound (#335) Site of Estudillo Home (#279), home of José Joaquin Estudillo, founder of the city of San Leandro First Unitarian Church of Oakland (#896) Leland Stanford Winery (#642), founded by Leland Stanford Livermore Memorial Monument (#241), marking the hacienda of Robert Livermore, the first settler of the Livermore Valley Joaquin Miller Home (#107), home of the eccentric poet Joaquin Miller Mills Hall (#849), of Mills College Mission San José (#334) Paramount Theater (#884), an ambitious Art Deco movie theater Pardee Home (#1027), home of former governor George Pardee Peralta Hacienda Site (#925), headquarters of Rancho San Antonio Peralta Home (#285), the first brick house built in Alameda County Piedmont Way (#986), designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, in Berkeley Rancho San Antonio (Peralta) (#246), the 44,800-acre (181 km2) land grant to Luís

• Murphys Hotel, a California Historical Landmark This is a list of California Historical Landmarks. The official list may be seen here. Contents: Counties in California Alameda - Alpine - Amador - Butte - Calaveras - Colusa - Contra Costa - Del Norte El Dorado - Fresno - Glenn - Humboldt - Imperial - Inyo - Kern - Kings - Lake - Lassen Los Angeles - Madera - Marin - Mariposa Mendocino - Merced - Modoc - Mono Monterey - Napa - Nevada - Orange - Placer - Plumas - Riverside - Sacramento - San Benito - San Bernardino - San Diego - San Francisco - San Joaquin - San Luis Obispo San Mateo - Santa Barbara - Santa Clara Santa Cruz - Shasta - Sierra - Siskiyou Solano - Sonoma - Stanislaus - Sutter - Tehama - Trinity - Tulare - Tuolumne - Ventura - Yolo - Yuba · • • • • • •

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Alameda County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21388. • Alameda Terminal of the First Transcontinental Railroad (#440), now located within Naval Air Station Alameda • Berkeley Women’s City Club (#908) • Site of Blossom Rock navigation trees, Redwood Regional Park (#962), used to

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
María Peralta that encompasses the cities of San Leandro, Oakland, Alameda, Emeryville, Piedmont, Berkeley, and Albany Site of the identification of the rainbow trout species, San Leandro Creek (#970) Site of first public school in Castro Valley (#776), part of the original Guillermo Castro land grant and donated by Josiah Grover Brickell in 1866 for "educational purposes only" Site of Saint Mary’s College of California (#676) San Leandro Oyster Beds (#824) Site of nation’s first successful sugar beet factory (#768), founded by E. H. Dyer, "father of the American beet sugar industry," in Union City Ukrania (#1027), the homestead of Agapius Honcharenko University of California, Berkeley campus (#946) USS Hornet (CV-12) (#1029) Vallejo Flour Mill (#46) Wente Vineyards (#957), home of California’s first varietal wine label, Sauvignon blanc

List of California Historical Landmarks
• Pony Express Remount Station (#805), Woodfords, an official stop for five weeks starting April 4, 1860.

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Amador County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21390. • Argonaut and Kennedy Mines (#786), Jackson • Big Bar (#41), Jackson—The Mokelumne River was mined at this point in 1848. Established in 1849, the Whale Boat Ferry operated until the first bridge was built, about 1852. • Butte Store (#39), Jackson—The only structure remaining of Butte City, prosperous mining town of the 1850s. • Chaw’se Roundhouse (#1001), Pine Grove • Clinton (#37), Pine Grove—The center of a placer mining community during the 1850s and of quartz mining as late as the 1880s. This town once decided Amador County elections as its votes were always counted last. • Community Methodist Church of Ione (#506), Ione • D. Stewart Co. Store (#788), Ione—This general merchandise store built in 1856 was the first building erected in Ione Valley. • D’Agostini Winery (#762), Plymouth—Founded in 1856 and generally regarded as the first place where Zinfandel was planted in California. • Drytown, California (#31) • Kirkwood’s (#40), Kirkwood—One of the earliest resorts in the Sierra Nevada Mountains • Knight Foundry (#1007), Sutter Creek • Irishtown (#38), Pine Grove—An important stopping place for emigrants on their way to the southern mines. The first white settlers on this spot found it a "city of wigwams," and hundreds of mortars in the rocks testify that this was a favorite Indian camping ground. • Jackson Gate (#118), Jackson—In 1850 about 500 miners worked here and the first mining ditch in the county was dug here. Its water sold for $1 per inch. • Site of Jackson’s Pioneer Jewish Synagogue (#865), Jackson—Location of the first synagogue in the Mother Lode (dedicated 1857).

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Alpine County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21389. • Kit Carson Marker (#315), at the summit of Carson Pass, marking where Carson carved his name into a tree in 1844 while guiding John C. Frémont through the Sierra Nevada. The original can be found at Sutter’s Fort, Sacramento. • Ebbetts Pass Route (#318), on the California Trail, discovered by John Ebbetts • Old Emigrant Road (#661), near Caples Lake—This rough and circuitous section of the route to Placerville became obsolete in 1863 when a better route was blasted out of the face of the cliff at Carson Spur. • Marklee’s Cabin Site (#240), Markleeville, now the site of the Alpine County Courthouse. • Memorial to Pioneer Odd Fellows (#378)—On some large rocks near Carson Pass, a group of pioneers inscribed their names and the emblem of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in 1849.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Lancha Plana, California (#30) • Maiden’s Grave (#28), burial spot of Rachel Welton, who died while crossing the Carson Pass in 1850 • Middle Bar (#36)—Site of gold rush town on the Mokelumne River, now inundated by Pardee Reservoir at certain times of the year. • Old Emigrant Road (#662), Hwy. 88—This difficult portion of the road was used by thousands of vehicles from 1848 to 1863, when it was superseded by a route approximating the present highway. • Oleta (Old Fiddletown, California) (#35), • Pioneer Hall (#34), Jackson—The Order of Native Daughters of the Golden West was organized on these premises on September 11, 1886. • Plymouth Trading Post (#470), Plymouth—This building, constructed entirely of brick, was built in 1857. In 1873 the many small mines of the area were combined to become Plymouth Consolidated, and this building became the new company’s office and commissary. • Preston Castle (#867), Ione • Site of First Amateur Astronomical Observatory of Record in California (#715), Volcano—where George Madeira observed the Great Comet of 1861 with a three-inch (76 mm) refractor telescope. • Sutter Creek, California (#118) • Volcano, California (#29)

List of California Historical Landmarks
• Oregon City (#807) • Rancho Chico and Bidwell Adobe (#329), now Bidwell Mansion State Historic Park

Calaveras County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21392. • Altaville, California (#288) • Altaville Grammar School (#499), Altaville • Angels Camp, California (#287) • Angels Hotel (#734), Angels Camp, where Mark Twain heard the story that would become "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" • Birthplace of Archie Stevenot (#769), Hwy. 4—The Stevenot family established the borax industry in California • Old Mining Camp of Brownsville (#465)—A thriving mining camp on rich Pennsylvania Gulch in the 1850s and 1860s, the camp was named for Alfred Brown, former owner of Table Mountain Ranch. Laws of the Brownsville mining district provided that each miner could own one wet and one dry claim, not to exceed 150 square feet (14 m2) each. • Calaveritas, California (#255) • California Caverns (#956), Cave City • Camanche, California (#254) • Campo Seco, California (#257) • Carson Hill, California (#274) • Chili Gulch (#265) • Congregational Church (#261), Mokelumne Hill—The church building, erected in 1856, is the oldest Congregational Church building in the state. • Copperopolis, California (#296) • Double Springs (#264), Valley Springs—Founded February 18, 1850, Double Springs was once the seat of Calaveras County. The old courthouse, said to be constructed of lumber brought from China, is still standing, but not on its original site • Douglas Flat, California (#272) • Fourth Crossing (#258) • Glencoe, California (#280) • I.O.O.F. Hall (#256), Mokelumne Hill—This is said to be California’s first three-story building to be erected outside the coastal towns. The original building was erected in 1854 as a two-story

Butte County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21391. • Bidwell’s Bar (#330), the second county seat of Butte County, now covered by Lake Oroville • Bidwell Bar Bridge (#314), Oroville—the first suspension bridge in California • Chico Forestry Station and Nursery (#840-2), Bidwell Park, Chico—one of the first forestry and nursery stations in the U.S., it operated from 1888 to 1903. • Chinese Temple (#770), Oroville—temple of worship for over 10,000 Chinese residents • Discovery site of Ishi, the last Yahi Indian (#809), Oroville • Dogtown nugget discovery site (#771), Magalia, a 54-pound (20 kg) gold nugget • Hooker Oak (#313), Chico

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
building. A third story to be used for lodge purposes was added later. Jenny Lind, California (#266) Jesus Maria, California (#284) Leger Hotel (#663), Mokelumne Hill—In operation since 1851, one of the buildings served as the Calaveras County Courthouse until 1866. Milton, California (#262) Mokelumne Hill, California (#269) Mountain Ranch, California (#282) Murphys, California (#275) Murphys Hotel (#267), Murphys O’Byrne Ferry (#281), The Shores of Poker Flat—In 1852 a chain cable bridge replaced the ferries that once crossed the Stanislaus River here, to be supplanted in its turn by a covered truss bridge in 1862. Paloma, California (#295) Peter L. Traver Building (#466), Murphys—Constructed by Peter L. Traver in 1856, this is the oldest stone building in Murphys. Its iron shutters and sand on the roof protected it from the fires of 1859, 1874, and 1893. It served as a general store, a Wells Fargo office, and later a garage. Pioneer Cemetery (#271), San Andreas—Established in 1851, most of the graves are unmarked; stones appeared over only three of them in 1936. This cemetery is located almost opposite where the town of North Branch originally stood, before the site was mined for gold. Prince-Garibardi Building (#735), Altaville—This structure was erected in 1852 by B.R. Prince and G. Garibardi for a general merchandise business. Improved in 1857 with living quarters on the second floor, it is still used for living and warehouse purposes. Rail Road Flat, California (#286) Robinson’s Ferry (#276), Hwy. 49—In 1848 John W. Robinson and Stephen Mead established ferry transport for freight, animals and persons across the Stanislaus River. Charges were 50 cents for each passenger, horse, jenny or other animal. San Andreas, California (#252) Sandy Gulch, California (#253) Stone Corral (#263), Hwy. 26—Consisting of a hotel, barns, and the large corrals for which it was named, this was one of the stopping places on the road from the mines to Stockton. Vallecito, California (#273)

List of California Historical Landmarks
• Vallecito Bell Monument (#370), Vallecito • Valley Springs, California (#251) • West Point, California (#268)

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Colusa County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21414 • Colusa County Courthouse (#890), the oldest remaining courthouse in the Sacramento Valley • Letts Valley (#736) • Swift’s Stone Corral (#238), a corral made of stone by Granville P. Swift, a rancher in Stone Creek Valley

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Contra Costa County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21415. • Alvarado Adobe (#512), San Pablo • Martinez Adobe (#511) • John Muir National Historic Site (#312), Martinez—home of John Muir

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Del Norte County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21416. • Battery Point Lighthouse (#951), one of the first lighthouses on the California coast • Brother Jonathan Cemetery (#541), dedicated to those who lost their lives in the wreck of the steamship Brother Jonathan • Camp Lincoln (#545), abandoned United States military post • Crescent City Turnpike (#645) • SS Emidio (#497), first casualty of the Imperial Japanese Navy’s submarine force action on California’s Pacific Coast • Fort Ter-Wer (#544), abandoned United States military post • Site of old Indian village at Pebble Beach, Crescent City (#649), one of the principal villages of the native Tolowa Indians

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El Dorado County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21417. see ht-

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Diamond Springs, California (#487) • Georgetown, California (#484) • Gold discovery site (#530), Marshall Gold Discovery State Historic Park, Coloma • Greenwood, California (#521) • Hangman’s Tree (#141), Placerville—In the days of 1849, when this city was called Hangtown, vigilantes executed many men for various crimes. This was the site of Hay Yard, on which stood the "Hangman’s Tree." • Marshall’s Blacksmith Shop (#319), Hwy. 193, located on the Gray Eagle Mine property, was built in 1872-73. • Marshall Monument (#143), Marshall Gold Discovery State Historic Park, Coloma—Commemorates James Marshall’s discovery of gold on the South Fork of the American River. • Old Dry Diggins/Old Hangtown/Placerville (#475) • Shingle Springs, California (#456) • Site of Studebaker’s shop (#142), Placerville—John Mohler Studebaker, one of the founders of the Studebaker company, had a sort of woodworking shop here where he repaired and worked on wagon wheels and the like.

List of California Historical Landmarks
junior college of California in 1910, in 1911 it became a normal school, forerunner to Fresno State College. From 1921 to 1948 it was called Fresno Technical High School, and Fresno Junior College from 1948 to 1959. • Site of the Fresno Free Speech Fight (#873), Fresno—From October 1910 to March 1911, the Industrial Workers of the World fought for the right of free speech in their efforts to organize Fresno’s unskilled labor force. This was the first fight for free speech in California, and the first attempt to organize the valley’s unskilled workers. • Temporary Detention Camps for Japanese Americans, Fresno and Pinedale Assembly Centers (#934)—As a prelude to interment at Manzanar and Tule Lake internment camps, Japanese Americans were temporarily confined at makeshift camps found at Fresno Fairgrounds and Pinedale.

Glenn County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21419 • Granville P. Swift Adobe (#345), built by Granville P. Swift • Site of first posted water notice by Will S. Green (#831) — On December 18, 1883, on an oak tree on the west bank of the Sacramento River immediately east of this spot, he posted the first water notice, stating that 500,000 miner’s inches (350 m³/s) of river water was being diverted for irrigation of lands on the west side of the Sacramento Valley.

Fresno County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21418. • Arroyo de Cantua (#344), headquarters of notorious bandit Joaquin Murrieta, who was supposedly killed here July 25, 1853 by a posse of state rangers led by Captain Harry Love. • Forestiere Underground Gardens (#916) • Fort Miller (#584), established in 1852 as a temporary headquarters for the Commissioners during the latter part of the Mariposa Indian War. The peace treaty was signed there April 29, 1851. Now inundated by Millerton Lake. • Fresno City (#488), not to be confused with the city of Fresno. This town gradually arose at the head of navigation of the Fresno Slough, and existed from approximately 1855 to 1875 - today there are no traces of it left. • Site of the first junior college in California (#803), Fresno—Constructed in 1895, the school was known as Fresno High School from 1895-1921. Established as the first

Humboldt County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21420. • Trinidad Head (#146) • Fort Humboldt (#154) • The Old Arrow Tree (#164) • Centerville Beach Cross (#173) • Camp Curtis (#215) • Town of Trinidad (#216) • City of Eureka (#477) • California’s First Drilled Oil Wells (#543) • Jacoby Building (#783) • Old Indian Village of Tsurai (#838)

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Arcata and Mad River Railroad (#842) • Humboldt Harbor Historical District (#882) • Ferndale (#883)

List of California Historical Landmarks

Kern County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21423. • Freeman Junction (#766) • Garlock (#671) • Indian Wells (#457) • Tehachapi Loop (#508) see ht-

Imperial County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21421. • Charley’s World of Lost Art (#939), 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Winterhaven. One of the Twentieth Century Folk Art Environments. • Camp Salvation (#808) in Calexico • Desert Training Center—Camp Pilot Knob (#985), established by Maj. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr. at Felicity • Site of Fort Romualdo Pacheco (#944), 6-1/2 miles west of Imperial • Fort Yuma (#806) in Winterhaven • Hernando de Alarcón Expedition (#568), first sighting of Alta California by nonIndians in 1540, near Andrade • Site of Mission La Purísima Concepción (#350), 1-mile (1.6 km) south of Winterhaven • Site of Mission San Pedro y San Pablo de Bicuñer (#921), 4.4 miles (7.1 km) northeast of Bard • Site of Mountain Springs Station (#194) near Mountain Springs. Plaque is located adjacent to Desert View Tower. • Old Plank Road (#845), 18 miles (29 km) west of Winterhaven • Picacho Mines (#193), gold mines, 18.2 mi (29.3 km) north of Winterhaven • Tecolote Rancho Site (#1034), (Imperial Valley home of author Harold Bell Wright), Holtville • Tumco Mines (#182), gold mines and ghost town, 4.5 miles (7.2 km) northeast of Ogilby • Yuha Well (#1008) near Seeley. Used by Anza Expedition in 1775.

Kings County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21424 • El Adobe de los Robles Rancho (#206), second oldest adobe in the San Joaquin Valley, built by Daniel Rhoads • Kingston (#270) • Location of the Famous Mussel Slough Tragedy (#245) — Hanford

Lake County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21425. • The Battle of Bloody Island (#427), Upper Lake—Now a hill surrounded by reclaimed land, Bloody Island was where, in 1850, U.S. soldiers nearly annihilated the Indian inhabitants for the murder of two white men. Doubt exists of these Indians’ guilt. • Old Lake County Courthouse (#897) • Lower Lake Stone Jail (#429), Lower Lake, said to be the smallest in the United States • St. Helena Toll Road and Bull Trail (#467), Middletown—The toll road, completed in 1868, replaced the old bull trail from Napa Valley to Middletown, which was built by volunteers in the 1850s, and had grades up to 35 percent. • Site of Stone and Kelsey Home (#426), Kelseyville—house built by ranchers Charles Stone and Andy Kelsey on land purchased from Salvador Vallejo. They forced Pomo Indians to do the construction work, causing much resentment. Finally, in the fall of 1849, the Pomo killed both Stone and Kelsey - their remains are buried beneath this monument. • Stone House (#450), oldest building in Lake County

Inyo County
For more details, please see tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21422. • Manzanar Relocation Center (#850) ht-

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Sulphur Bank Mine (#428), Clearlake Oaks •

List of California Historical Landmarks
Montebello, abandoned by the fathers for a different location five miles (8 km) away. La Mesa Battlefield (#167), in Vernon, site of the last engagement of the MexicanAmerican War in California, fought January 9, 1847 Oak of the Golden Dream (#168), near Newhall, site of the first authenticated gold discovery in California (March 9, 1842) Drum Barracks (#169), in Wilmington, was the Union headquarters for southern California, Arizona Territory and New Mexico Territory during the American Civil War Hancock Park La Brea (#170), in Los Angeles, a 23-acre (93,000 m2) site which includes the La Brea Tar Pits, donated to the county in 1924 by Allan G. Hancock. Merced Theatre (#171) in downtown Los Angeles, part of the El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historic Monument, first building in city built just for entertainment Pioneer Oil Refinery (#172), near Newhall, site of the first California oil refinery Casa Adobe de San Rafael (#235), in Glendale, home of Tomas Avila Sanchez, Sheriff of Los Angeles County and 2nd Lieutenant of the Los Angeles Mounted Rifles, built in 1865 First Home of Pomona College (#289), the small, frame cottage in which classes of Pomona College were held from September, 1888 until January, 1889, in Pomona Lugo Adobe (site of) (#301), built for Don Vincente Lugo in the 1840s, razed 1951. Southwest corner of Los Angeles and Alameda Streets, Downtown Los Angeles. From 1865 to 1867 it was the first home of St. Vincent’s College, the ancestral school of today’s Loyola Marymount University. Old Mill (#302), also known as El Molino Viejo, built about 1816 to grind grain grown at Mission San Gabriel Arcángel. Located in San Marino Rómulo Pico Adobe (Ranchito Rómulo) (#362), in Mission Hills, built ca1834. Centinela Springs (#363), artesian springs in what is now Centinela Park in Inglewood E.J. Baldwin’s Queen Anne Cottage (#367), Victorian guest house built for E.J. "Lucky" Baldwin in 1881 on the estate

Lassen County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21426. see ht•

Los Angeles County
For more details, please see Los Angeles County. • Casa de Governor Pío Pico (#127), Whittier. Home of Pío Pico, last Governor of California under Mexican rule. • Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Angeles (#144), the Church of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels (old Plaza Church) near Olvera Street in downtown Los Angeles. Dedicated on December 8, 1822 • Avila Adobe (#145), in Los Angeles, oldest existing house in Los Angeles, built circa 1818 by the mayor of the pueblo • Banning Park (#147), in Wilmington, built by Phineas Banning, father of the Los Angeles Harbor, in the 1850s, home to his family until 1927 • Brand Park/Memory Garden (#150), part of the original Mission San Fernando Rey de España land grant • Campo de Cahuenga (#151), in Los Angeles, site of the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga • Dominguez Rancho Adobe (#152), in Compton, site of the Battle of Dominguez Rancho in 1846 • Los Angeles Plaza (#156), center of the Los Angeles settlement founded by Governor Felipe de Neve • Mission San Fernando Rey de España (#157), in Mission Hills, founded in 1787 • Mission San Gabriel Arcángel (#158), in San Gabriel, founded 1771 • Pico House (hotel) (#159), built by Pío Pico in 1867–1870. First three-story hotel in the city, it is part of the El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historic Monument in downtown Los Angeles • Plummer Park and Oldest House in Hollywood (#160), the house, built in the 1870s, was relocated from Santa Monica Boulevard to Calabasas • Mission Vieja (#161), original location of Mission San Gabriel Arcángel in

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
which is now the Los Angeles County Arboretum and Botanic Garden in Arcadia Hugo Reid Adobe (#368), 1839 dwelling built by Hugo Reid. Located on the County Arboretum grounds near the Queen Anne Cottage. Adobe de Palomares (#372), 1854 dwelling of Ygnacio Palomares on his Rancho San Jose, in Pomona. Old Salt Lake (#373), natural evaporation pond, later the location of a 19th century commercial salt works in Redondo Beach. Site of Home of Diego Sepulveda (#380), built in the 1850s,the first two-story Monterey-style adobe built in Southern California. In San Pedro Site of Old Whaling Station (#381), operated in the 1860s and 1870s in the Portuguese Bend area of Rancho Palos Verdes. Site of adobe home of Jose Dolores Sepulveda (#383), 1818 house in Torrance Timms’ Point and Landing (#384), site of a mid-19th century wharf on San Pedro Bay, San Pedro Rio San Gabriel Battlefield (#385), in Montebello, site of an engagement in the Mexican-American War on January 8, 1847. La Casa de Carrión (#386), in La Verne, built in 1868 by Saturnino Carrión Ortega-Vigare Adobe (#451), in San Gabriel, San Gabriel’s first bakery Pomona Water Power Plant (#514), first hydroelectric installation in California for long-distance transmission of alternating current at high voltage Well, CSO 4 (#516), in Newhall, California’s first commercially productive well Mentryville (#516-2), restored home and barn of Charles Alexander Mentry and Felton School Serra Springs (California) (#522), The Portolá Expedition of 1769 encamped at this spring, and it is reported that in 1770 Father Junípero Serra said Mass here to the Indians of this area. This spring was also the former water supply of the town of Santa Monica. These springs are known primarily as the Kuruvunga springs, and are one of the last sacred sites of the Gabrieleno Tongva people. The site is now the campus of the University High School. Location: University High School

List of California Historical Landmarks
Horticulture Area, 11800 Texas Ave, Los Angeles. Charles Fletcher Lummis Home (#531), El Alisal {the sycamore} in the Arroyo Seco. Original Building of the University of Southern California [1] (#536), dedicated in 1880 and still in use today on the University’s campus in Los Angeles Cecil B. DeMille Studio Barn (#554), the building in which was made the first feature-length movie in Hollywood. Now relocated and the home of the Hollywood Heritage Museum. Rancho San Francisco (#556), land grant given to Antonio del Valle in 1839, now the site of part of the community of Valencia. St. Vincent’s Place (#567), from 1868 to 1887 the site of St. Vincent’s College (now Loyola Marymount University), the first institution of higher learning established in Southern California. At St. Vincent’s Court, north of 7th St. between Broadway and Hill Street, Downtown Los Angeles. 580 Well, Alamitos 1 (#580) in Los Alamitos, California, established California as a major oil producer Lang (#590), in Soledad Canyon, near Canyon Country, California. In 1876, Charles Crocker, President of the Southern Pacific Company, drove a gold spike here to complete his company’s San Joaquin Valley line, the first rail connection of Los Angeles with San Francisco and transcontinental lines. Old Short Cut (#632), California’s first ranger station, in Angeles National Forest Catalina Adobe (#637) in Glendale, an early adobe home Grave of Greek George (#646), in Whittier, California, grave of George Caralambo; he was part of the Camel Corps experiment The Cascades (#653), in San Fernando, California, terminus of the Los AngelesOwens River Aqueduct Portolá Trail Campsite (I), (#655), near Elysian Park Bella Union Hotel (#656), site of significant early hotel; in Downtown Los Angeles Western Hotel (#658), site of significant early hotel; in Lancaster, California Heritage House (#664), in Compton, California, as originally built by A.R. Loomis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Portolá Trail Campsite (II), (#665), near Beverly Hills, California • Governor Stoneman Adobe aka Los Robles (the Oaks) (#669) in San Marino, California • Paradox Hybrid Walnut Tree (#681) in Whittier, California, planted by the University of California Experiment Station • Lyons Station Stagecoach Stop (#688) in Newhall, California, a regular stop for Butterfield and other early California stage line • Los Encinos State Historic Park, (#689) in Encino, California, "Franciscan padres used Encino as their headquarters while exploring the valley before establishing Mission San Fernando in 1797..." • Griffith Ranch (#716) in San Fernando, California; the ranch was purchased by David Wark Griffith in 1912 • Angeles National Forest (#717), first National Forest in California, second in the United States • Site of the Initial United States Air Meet in 1910, in Carson (#718); area evolved into heart of aerospace industry • Old Plaza Firehouse (#730), part of El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historic Monument; first building constructed as a fire station in Los Angeles • Mirror Building (#744), on Spring Street in Downtown Los Angeles; site of Butterfield Overland Mail Company building • San Fernando Cemetery (#753), in Sylmar, California, oldest non-sectarian cemetery in San Fernando Valley. Originally Morningside Cemetery. • Site of the Los Angeles Star (#789), at Fletcher Bowron Square in downtown Los Angeles, home of the Los Angeles Star, influential early newspaper. • First Jewish Site in Los Angeles (#822), at Chavez Ravine, acquired by Hebrew Benevolent Society of Los Angeles in 1854. • Old Santa Monica Forestry Station (#840), at Rustic Canyon operated as agricultural test site (1887-1923) • The Gamble House (#871). Acknowledged masterpiece of Arts and crafts architecture near the Arroyo Seco in Pasadena. Designed by Charles and Henry Greene.

List of California Historical Landmarks
• Workman Home and Family Cemetery (#874) in City of Industry, home of early pioneers, the Workman family, arrived 1841 and purchased the 48,790-acre (197 km2) Rancho La Puente. Family cemetery named El Campo Santo. • Pasadena Playhouse (#887). California’s honorary State Theatre, located in central Pasadena. • St. Francis Dam Disaster Site (#919). The monument is located about a mile and a half downstream from the actual site of the collapesd dam, at the San Francisquito Power Plant #2, in San Francisquito Canyon. northwest of the city of Santa Clarita. • Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (#960), located in Exposition Park, near downtown Los Angeles • Pacific Asia Museum (Grace Nicholson’s Treasure House of Oriental and Western Art) (#988), 1926 Asian-inspired building in downtown Pasadena. • Christmas Tree Lane (#990) located in Altadena, California. • Watts Towers of Simon Rodia (#993) in the Watts district of Los Angeles. • Long Beach Marine Stadium (#1014) in Long Beach, a training and competitive center for rowers, first built for the 1932 Olympics. • Manhattan Beach State Pier (#1018) in Manhattan Beach, is the "oldest remaining example of early reinforced concrete pier construction" in the state • Liberty Hill Site (#1021) in San Pedro was the site of an important strike in the 1930s • Hay Tree (#1038) in Paramount is a camphor tree is a relic from the area’s once-thriving hay industry • Childhood Home of the Beach Boys (#1041) is located in Hawthorne

Madera County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21428. • Wassama Roundhouse (#1001) see ht-

Marin County
First Sawmill in Marin County (#207), owner John Reed 1833-34. Location: Mill Valley Oldest House North of San Francisco Bay (#210), built 1776 in Olompali, home of

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Camilo Ynitia. Location: Olompali State Historic Park, N of Novato Mission San Rafael Arcangel (#220), 20th mission in California Mission Chain, established 1817. Location: San Rafael. Lighter Wharf at Bolinas (#221), built early 1850s for shipments of lumber. Location: At N. end of Bolinas Lagoon Olema Lime Kilns (#222), built by Russian stonemasons, who employed local Indians during the Russian occupation of Sonoma County coast, circa 1812. Location: State Hwy 1, 4 mi (6.4 km).2 of Olema Angel Island (#529), "Isla de los Angeles", once Mexican rancho, U.S. Military Post, and quarantine and immigration station. Location: Angel Island State Park Pioneer Paper Mill (#552), The first paper mill on the Pacific Coast built 1856 by Samuel Penfield Taylor. Location: 1 mi (1.6 km).3nside Samuel P. Taylor State Park, 18 mi (29 km) W of Hwy 101 off Sir Francis Drake Blvd. St. Vincent’s School for Boys (#630), founded 1855. Location: 4 mi (6.4 km) N of San Rafael Bird’s Nest Glen (#679), Home of Lord Charles S. Fairfax, California Assemblyman (1853-1855), Speaker of the Assembly (1854), and Clerk of the State Supreme Court (1856-1861). Location: Fairfax Green Brae Brick Kiln (#917), on the San Quentin Peninsula, previously part of the Remillard Brick Company, largest brick manufacturer on the Pacific Coast. Location: Larkspur Outdoor Art Club (#922), building erected 1904 by Bernard Maybeck. Location: Mill Valley China Camp (#924), one of largest Chinese fishing villages in California, established by 1870. Location: At entrance to China Camp Village, China Camp State Park Golden Gate Bridge (#974), construction began in 1933 by engineer Joseph Strauss and architect Irving Morrow, completed in 1937. Location: spans between Marin County and San Francisco Marin County Civic Center (#999), designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, the Administration Building finished in 1962 and the Hall of Justice in 1970 designed to be organic architecture, synthesis of buildings and landscape. Location: Civic Center, San Rafael.

List of California Historical Landmarks
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/ default.asp?page_id=21429.

Mariposa County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21430. see ht-

Mendocino County
• Mendocino Presbyterian Church, No. 714 For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21431.

Merced County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21432. • Snelling Courthouse (#409), in Snelling on State Route 59. • Canal Farm Inn (#548), in Los Banos • Los Banos Creek (#550), in Los Banos • Pacheco Pass (#829), along State Route 152 • Merced County Fairgrounds (#934), in Merced, had a temporary detention camp for Japanese Americans from May to September 1942.

Modoc County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21438. see ht-

Mono County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21439. • Bodie (#341), a California Gold Rush mining town, now a ghost town • Dog Town (#792), site of the first major gold rush to the eastern slope of California’s Sierra Nevada • Trail of the John C. Frémont 1844 expedition (#995-1), Toiyabe National Forest—While exploring and mapping the area of what is presently the western United States, Lt. John C. Frémont’s party passed through northern Mono County during the last week of January, 1844.

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After passing through Mono County, Frémont passed over the Sierra Nevada and travelled to Sutter’s Fort in the Sacramento Valley, where the party rested. To leave California the expedition headed south through the San Joaquin Valley, and then headed easterly to leave California by the Old Spanish Trail to Utah.

List of California Historical Landmarks
• Napa Valley Railroad Depot (#687) built in 1868 located in Calistoga • Robert Louis Stevenson State Park (#710) after arriving in Calistoga by train in May 1880 Robert Louis Stevenson and Fanny Vandegrift spent their honeymoon accompanied by her 12 year old son Lloyd Osbourne in an abandoned three-story bunkhouse at a derelict mining camp called "Silverado" located on the park property north of Calistoga • Sam Brannan Cottage (#685) one of the cottages built by Calistoga’s founding father in 1866 for a resort he was developing • Sam Brannan Store (#684) • Shramberg Winery (#561) Founded in 1862 by Jacob Schram, this was the first hillside winery of the Napa Valley. Robert Louis Stevenson, visited here in 1880 and devoted a chapter of his book The Silverado Squatters to Schramsberg and its wines. located south of Calistoga • Twentieth Century Folk Art Environments (Thematic) - Litto (#939) eclectic collection of Emanuele ’Litto’ Damonte (1896-1985) • York Cabin Site (#682) along with the Hudson Cabin, some of the first homes built in the area located in Calistoga • Veterans Home of California (#828) established in 1884 by Mexican–American War veterans and members of the Grand Army of the Republic. In January 1897 the Veterans Home Association deeded the home and its 910 acres (3.7 km2) of land to the State, which has since maintained it. located in Yountville

Monterey County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21441. see ht-

Napa County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21442. • Old Bale Mill (#359) located on State Route 29 between St. Helena and Calistoga. • Beringer Brothers Winery (#814) has the unique distinction of never having ceased operations since its founding in 1876 located in St. Helena • Charles Krug Winery (#563) founded by Charles Krug (1825-1892) in 1861 the oldest operating winery in Napa Valley located north of St. Helena • Churchill House-10K sq ft Mansion built 1892 by Architect Ernest Coxhead in Shakespearean style (Now the Cedar Gables Inn B&B) • Chiles Mill (#547) the first flour mill in Northern California located in Chiles Valley • First Presbyterian Church Building (#878) constructed in 1874 and still currently in use located in Napa • George Yount Blockhouse Site (#564) built by early pioneer George Calvert Yount located one mile (1.6 km) north of Yountville. • George Calvert Yount ((1794-1865) Gravesite (#693) located in Yountville Pioneer Cemetery • Hudson Cabin Site (#683) built in October 1845 by David Hudson was one of the early pioneers who helped develop the upper portion of Napa Valley located in Calistoga • Kelsey House Site (#686) located south of Calistoga

Nevada County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21443. • Donner Monument (#134) Commemorates the ill-fated Donner Party of Californiabound emigrants, who wintered here in 1846-1847, many died of exposure and starvation. Location: Donner Memorial State Park,Old Hwy 40 at I-80 and Truckee exit, Truckee • The World’s First Long Distance Telephone Line (#247) The first longdistance telephone in the world, built in 1877 by the Ridge Telephone Company, connected French Corral with French

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Lake, 58 miles (93 km) away. It was operated by the Milton Mining Company from a building on this site that had been erected about 1853. Location: On Pleasant Valley Rd, in center of community of French Corral Home of Lola Montez (#292)- Lola was born in Limerick, Ireland on July 3, 1818, as María Dolores Eliza Rosanna Gilbert. After living in England and on the continent, Lola came to New York in 1851 and settled in Grass Valley in 1852. It was here she built the only home she ever owned and became friends with Lotta Crabtree, who lived up the street. Lola died January 17, 1861 and was buried in Greenwood Cemetery, New York. Location: 248 Mill St, Grass Valley Home of Lotta Crabtree (#293) - Lotta Crabtree was born in New York in 1847. In 1852-3 the gold fever brought her family to California. Several months after arriving in San Francisco, Mrs. Crabtree and Lotta went to Grass Valley and with Mr. Crabtree started a boarding house for miners. It was here that Lotta met Lola Montez, who taught her to sing and dance. In Scales, Plumas County, Lotta made her first public appearance, which led to a successful career on stage here and abroad. Location: 238 Mill St, Grass Valley Little Town of Rough and Ready (#294) Established in 1849 and named in honor of General Zachary Taylor, after the Rough and Ready Company of miners from Wisconsin, this was one of the principal towns of Nevada County. In 1850, articles of secession were drawn up establishing the ’Republic of Rough and Ready.’ As a result of disastrous fires, only a few structures remain today that were built in the 1850s. Location: NE corner of State Hwy 20 and Mountain Rose Rd, Rough and Ready Site of one of the first discoveries of quartz gold in California (#297) - This tablet commemorates the discovery of gold-bearing quartz and the beginning of quartz mining in California. The discovery was made on Gold Hill by George Knight in October 1850. The occurrence of goldbearing quartz was undoubtedly noted here and elsewhere about the same time or even earlier, but this discovery created the great excitement that started the development of quartz mining into a great

List of California Historical Landmarks
industry. The Gold Hill Mine is credited with a total production of $4,000,000 between 1850 and 1857. Location: SW corner of Jenkins St and Hocking Ave, Grass Valley Empire Mine (#298) - The Empire Mine was originally located by George D. Roberts in October 1850. In the spring of 1854, the Empire Mining Company was incorporated and in 1865 new works, including a 30-stamp mill, were erected. In 1869 Wm. B. Bourn, Sr. purchased the Empire, when he died, Wm. B. Bourn, Jr. took over its management. The Empire was in constant operation from 1850 to the late 1950s. Location: Empire Mine State Historic Park, 10791 Empire St, 1 mi (1.6 km).2 of Grass Valley Bridgeport (Nyes Crossing) Covered Bridge (#390) - Built in 1862 by David Isaac John Wood with lumber from his mill in Sierra County, this bridge was part of the Virginia Turnpike Company toll road which served the northern mines and the busy Nevada Comstock Lode. Utilizing a combination truss and arch construction, it is one of the oldest housed spans in the west and the longest single-span woodcovered bridge in the United States. Location: W side of Pleasant Valley Rd at S Fork of the Yuba River 2 mi (3.2 km).7 of French Corral Alpha Hydraulic Diggings (#628) - One mile (1.6 km) north of here were the towns of Alpha and Omega, named by gold miners in the early 1850s. The tremendous hydraulic diggings, visible from near this point, engulfed most of the original townsites. Alpha was the birthplace of famed opera singer Emma Nevada. Mining at Omega continued until 1949, and lumbering operations are carried on there today (1958). Location: Omega Rest Area, Hwy 20 (P.M. 35. 7), 6 mi (10 km) E of Washington Rd, Washington Omega Hydraulic Diggings (629) - One mile (1.6 km) north of here were the towns of Alpha and Omega, named by gold miners in the early 1850s. The tremendous hydraulic diggings, visible from near this point, engulfed most of the original townsites. Alpha was the birthplace of famed opera singer Emma Nevada. Mining at Omega continued until 1949, and lumbering operations are

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carried on there today (1958). Location: Omega Rest Area, Hwy 20 (P.M. 35. 7), 6 mi (10 km) E of Washington Rd, Washington First Transcontinental Railroad-Truckee (#780) - While construction on Sierra tunnels delayed Central Pacific, advance forces at Truckee began building 40 miles (60 km) of track east and west of Truckee, moving supplies by wagon and sled, and Summit Tunnel was opened in December 1867. The line reached Truckee April 3, 1868, the Sierra was conquered. Rails reached Reno June 19, and construction advanced eastward toward the meeting with Union Pacific at the rate of one mile (1.6 km) daily. On May 10, 1869, the rails met at Promontory (Utah) to complete the first transcontinental railroad. Location: SP Depot, 70 Donner Pass Rd, Truckee Overland Emigrant Trail (#799) - Over a hundred sixty years ago, this trail resounded to creaking wheels of pioneer wagons and the cries of hardy travelers on their way to the gold fields. It is estimated that over thirty thousand people used this trail in 1849. Here the old trail approaches the present highway. Location: SE side of Wolf Creek Bridge, State Hwy 49 (P.M. 3.61), 10 mi (20 km) S of Grass Valley South Yuba Canal Office (#832) - This was the headquarters for the largest network of water flumes and ditches in the state. The South Yuba Canal Water Company was the first incorporated to supply water for hydraulic mining. The original ditch was in use in May 1850, and this company office was in use from 1857 to 1880. The company’s holdings later became part of the vast Pacific Gas and Electric Company hydroelectric system. Location: 134 Main St, Nevada City North Star Mine Powerhouse (#843) - The North Star Powerhouse, built by A. D. Foote in 1895, was the first complete plant of its kind. Compressed air, generated by Pelton water wheels, furnished power for the entire mine operation. The 30-foot (9.1 m) Pelton wheel was the largest in the world, and was in continuous use for over 30 years. Location: Mining and Pelton Wheel Museum, S Mill at Allison Ranch Rd, Grass Valley

List of California Historical Landmarks
• North Bloomfield Mining and Gravel Company (#852)- This was a major hydraulic gold-mining operation in California. It boasted a vast system of canals and flumes, its 7,800-foot (2,400 m) drainage tunnel was termed a feat of engineering skill. It was the principal defendant in an anti-debris lawsuit settled in 1884 by Judge Lorenzo Sawyer’s famous decision, which created control that virtually ended hydraulic mining in California. Location: Malakoff Diggins State Historic Park, 16 mi (26 km) E of State Hwy 49 on Tyler Foote’s Crossing Road, plaque located in park diggins overlook, 28 mi (45 km) N of Nevada City • Mount Saint Mary’s Convent and Academy (#855) - Built by Reverend Thomas J. Dalton, the Sacred Heart Convent and Holy Angels Orphanage was dedicated May 2, 1865 by Bishop Eugene O’Connell. Under the Sisters of Mercy, it served from 1866 to 1932 as the first orphanage of the Northern Mines. It functioned as an academy from 1868 to 1965 and as a convent from 1866 to 1968. Location: S Church St between Chapel and Dalton Sts, Grass Valley • Nevada Theatre (#863) - California’s oldest existing structure erected as a theater, the Nevada, opened September 9, 1865. Celebrities such as Mark Twain, Jack London, and Emma Nevada have appeared on its stage. Closed in 1957, the theatre was later purchased through public donations and reopened May 17, 1968 to again serve the cultural needs of the community. Location: 401 Broad St, Nevada City • National Hotel (#899) - The National Exchange Hotel opened for business on August 20, 1856, the exterior is virtually unchanged since its construction as three brick buildings in 1856. The National is one of the oldest continuously operating hotels west of the Rockies. Location: 211 Broad St, Nevada City • Holbrooke Hotel (# 914) - The hotel was built in 1862 around the Golden Gate Saloon, originally constructed in 1852 and the oldest continuously operating saloon in the Mother Lode region. The hotel’s one-story fieldstone and brick construction is an outstanding example of mid-19th century Mother Lode masonry

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structures. Location: 212 W Main St, Grass Valley • Miners Foundry [1] First Manufacturing Site of the Pelton Wheel (#1012) - The Pelton Water Wheel, first commercially manufactured here at George Allan’s Foundry and Machine Works in [[1879, was a major advancement in water power utilization and greatly advanced hard-rock mining. Its unique feature was a series of paired buckets, shaped like bowls of spoons and separated by a splitter, that divided the incoming water jets into two parts. By the late 1800s, the Pelton Wheels were providing energy to operate industrial machinery throughout the world. In 1888, Lester Pelton moved his business to San Francisco, but granted continuing manufacturing rights to Allan’s Foundry, where the wheels were manufactured into the early 1900s. Location: 325 Spring St, Nevada City

List of California Historical Landmarks
• Modjeska’s Home (#205), home of Madame Modjeska, designed by Stanford White in 1888 • Richard Nixon Birthplace (#1015), birthplace of Richard Nixon, 37th President of the United States, born in Yorba Linda in 1913 • Old Landing in Newport Beach (#198) • Old Maizeland School (Rivera School) (#729), first school in the Rivera District, constructed in 1868 • Old Santa Ana (#204), this site in Orange was designated Santa Ana until the present city of Santa Ana was founded • Old Town Irvine (#1004), founded in 1887 as the distribution and storage center of the 125,000-acre (506 km2) Irvine Ranch • Orange County’s Original Courthouse (#837), oldest existing county courthouse in Southern California, built between 1900 and 1901 • Olinda (#918), oil boomtown from Edward L. Doheny’s first oil well in 1897 to the 1940s • Pioneer house of the Mother Colony (#201), Anaheim’s first house • Red Hill (#203), a mining site in the 1890s in Santa Ana • Diego Sepúlveda Adobe (#227), headquarters of Diego Sepúlveda, onetime owner of Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana • The Jose Serrano Adobe (#199), part of Cañada de los Alisos granted to José Serrano in 1842 by Governor Alvarado • Silverado (#202), a mining boomtown from 1878 through 1881 • Site of the first water-to-water flight (#775), in 1912, Glenn L. Martin flew his own plane from Balboa to Catalina • Site of the Don Bernardo Yorba Hacienda (#226), in Yorba Linda

Orange County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21445. • North gate of the City of Anaheim (#112) • Anaheim Landing (#219), site of a port in operation for 15 years, in present day Seal Beach • Balboa Pavilion (#959), one of the last surviving waterfront recreational pavilions in California • Barton Mound (#218), site where Los Angeles County Sheriff James Barton and three Deputies from his posse were gunned down by fugitive Juan Flores • Black Star Canyon Indian Village Site (#217) • Carbondale (#228), site of an 1878 coal discovery • The headland of Dana Point (#189), visited by R. H. Dana in 1835 • Flores Peak (#225), site in Modjeska Canyon where fugitive Juan Flores and his men were captured by General Andrés Pico and his posse • Site of McFadden Wharf (#794), built in 1888 by the McFadden brothers, served as the seaward terminus of the Santa Ana and Newport Railway from 1891 to 1907 • Mission San Juan Capistrano (#200)

Placer County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21450. • Ophir, California #463, Gold Rush boomtown destroyed by fire 1852 • Griffith Quarry #885, Important granite quarry and the site of the California’s first successful granite polishing mill.

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List of California Historical Landmarks
• Site of Pochea (#104), an Indian Village, in Hemet • Ramona Bowl, Site of The Ramona Pageant (#1009) in Hemet • Saahatpa (#749), site of Cahuilla Indian settlement and smallpox epidemic, in Beaumont • Santa Rosa Rancho (#1005) on Santa Rosa Plateau in Murrieta • Ruins of Third Serrano Adobe (#224) 8 miles (13 km) southeast of Corona • Serrano Boulder (#185), site of the first house in Riverside County, 9 miles (14 km) south of Corona • Serrano Tanning Vats (#186) 8 miles (13 km) southeast of Corona • Soviet Transpolar Landing Site (#989) near San Jacinto

Plumas County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21451. see ht-

Riverside County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21452. • Site of Anza Camp, March 1774 (#103) 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Anza • Anza Crossing of the Santa Ana River (#787) in Riverside • Blythe Intaglios (#101) 16 miles (26 km) north of Blythe (also on the National Register of Historic Places) • Site of Blythe Intake from Colorado River (#948) 4.5 mi N of Blythe • Butterfield Stage Station (#188) 7 miles (11 km) south of Corona • Carved Rock (#187), Luiseño petroglyphs, 8 miles (13 km) south of Corona • Site of Contractor’s General Hospital, predecessor of Kaiser Permanente (#992) in Desert Center • Cornelius and Mercedes Jensen Ranch (#943) in Rubidoux (also on the National Register of Historic Places) • Corona Founders Monument (#738) in Corona • Desert Training Center—Camp Young (#985) established by Maj. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr. at Chiriaco Summit • Desert Training Center—Camp Coxcomb (#985) established by Maj. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr. at Desert Center • Desert Training Center—Camp Granite (#985) established by Maj. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr. 45 miles (72 km) east of Indio • Hemet Maze Stone (#557), prehistoric petroglyph in the Lakeview Mountains west of Hemet • Site of Louis Robidoux House (#102) in Rubidoux • Mission Inn (#761) in Riverside (also a National Historic Landmark) • Site of Old Rubidoux Grist Mill (#303) in Rubidoux • Old Temescal Road (#638) 11 miles (18 km) south of Corona • Painted Rock (#190), pictograph, 7 miles (11 km) south of Corona • Parent Washington Navel Orange Tree (#20) in Riverside

Sacramento County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21454. • Adams and Company Building (#607), in Sacramento • African American Episcopal Church, site of first established on the Pacific Coast (#1013), in Sacramento • Alexander Hamilton Willard gravesite (#657), in Franklin • B. F. Hastings Building (#606), in Sacramento • California Almond Growers Exchange Processing Facility (#967), in Sacramento • Camp Union, Sutterville (#666), in Sacramento • Capitol Complex (#872), in Sacramento • Chevra Kaddisha (Home of Peace Cemetery) (#654-1), in Sacramento • China Slough (site) (#594), in Sacramento • Coloma Road - Nimbus Dam (#746), in Folsom Lake State Recreation Area • Coloma Road - Sutter’s Fort (#745), in Sacramento • Congregational Church site (#613), in Sacramento • E. B. Crocker Art Gallery (#599), in Sacramento • County Free Library Branch, site of first in California (#817), in Elk Grove • D. O. Mills Bank Building (#609), in Sacramento • Eagle Theater (#595), in Sacramento • Ebner’s Hotel (#602), in Sacramento

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• Elitha Cumi Donner Wilder grave (#719), in Elk Grove • Governor’s Mansion (#823), in Sacramento • Grist Mill built by Jared Dixon Sheldon (site) (#439), in Sloughhouse • Headquarters of The Big Four (#600), in Sacramento • Jewish Synagogue, site of first owned by a congregation on the Pacific Coast (#654), in Sacramento • Lady Adams Building (#603), in Sacramento • Michigan Bar (#468), on State Route 16 (California), east of Michigan Bar Road • Murphy’s Ranch (#680), in Elk Grove • New Helvetia Cemetery (#592), in Sacramento • Newton Booth home (site) (#596), in Sacramento • Nisipowinan village site (#900), in Sacramento • Old Folsom Powerhouse (#633), in Folsom • Old Folsom Powerhouse - Sacramento Station A (#633-2), in Sacramento • Old Sacramento (#812) • Orleans Hotel (site) (#608), in Sacramento • Overton Building (#610), in Sacramento • Passenger Railroad, first in California (#526), in Sacramento • Passenger Railroad, terminal of first in California (#558), in Folsom • Pioneer Mutual Volunteer Firehouse site (#612), in Sacramento • Pioneer Telegraph Station (#366), in Sacramento • Pony Express Route - Five Mile (8 km) House (#697), in Sacramento • Pony Express Route - Fifteen Mile House (#698), in Rancho Cordova • Pony Express Route - Folsom (#702), in Folsom • Prairie City (#464), in Folsom • Sacramento Bee Building (original) (#611), in Sacramento • Sacramento City Cemetery (#566), in Sacramento • Sacramento Union (site) (#605), in Sacramento • Sam Brannan House (site) (#604), in Sacramento • Sloughhouse (#575) • Stage and Railroad (site of first) (#598), in Sacramento

List of California Historical Landmarks
• Stanford-Lathrop Home (#614), in Sacramento • State Capitols, site of first and second at Sacramento (#869) • State Indian Museum (#991), in Sacramento • Sutter’s Fort (#525), in Sacramento • Sutter’s Landing (#591), in Sacramento • Sutterville (#593), in Sacramento • Temporary Detention Camps For Japanese Americans - Sacramento Assembly Center (#934) • Transcontinental Railroad (first) (#780), in Sacramento • Transcontinental Railroad (first) - Western Base of the Sierra Nevada (#780-8), in Sacramento • Western Hotel (#601), in Sacramento • What Cheer House (#597), in Sacramento

San Benito County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21459. see ht-

San Bernardino County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21476. • Agua Mansa (#121) in Colton • A.K. Smiley Public Library (#994) in Redlands (Listed on the National Register of Historic Places: NPS-94001487) • Angeles National Forest (#717) in the San Gabriel Mountains, first National Forest in California, second in United States • The Arrowhead (#977) in San Bernardino • Town of Calico (#782) in Yermo • Camp Cady (On The Mojave Road) (#963-1) 24 miles (39 km) north of Barstow • Chimney Rock (#737) 3.2 miles (5.1 km) west of Luverne Valley, site of battle between Indians and settlers in 1867 • Cucamonga Rancho Winery (#490) in Rancho Cucamonga • Daley Toll Road Monument (#579) 0.6 miles (1.0 km) east of Rim Forest • Desert Training Center—Camp Clipper (#985) established by Maj. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr. 37 miles (60 km) west of Needles

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• Desert Training Center—Camp Ibis (#985) established by Maj. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr. 8 miles (13 km) east of Needles • Desert Training Center—Camp Iron Mountain (#985) established by Maj. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr. 45 miles (72 km) east of Indio • Fort Benson (#617) in Colton • Garcés-Smith Monument (#618) in the San Bernardino National Forest • Guachama Rancheria (#95) in Redlands • Harry Wade Exit Route from Death Valley (#622) 30 miles (50 km) north of Baker • Harvey House (Casa del Desierto) (#892) in Barstow (also on the National Register of Historic Places) • Holcomb Valley (#619), site of Southern California’s largest gold rush. Plaque in Big Bear City • Site of Hula Ville (#939) 6 miles (10 km) northwest of Hesperia, one of the Twentieth Century Folk Art Environments • Kimberly Crest (#1019), a châteauesque mansion in Redlands (Listed on the National Register of Historic Places: NPS-96000328) • The Mojave Road (#963) 30 miles (50 km) northeast of Barstow • Madonna of the Trail (#1028) in Upland • Site of Mormon Stockade (#44) in San Bernardino • Mormon Road (#96) 0.5 miles (0.8 km) west of Crestline • San Bernardino Asistencia (#42) in Redlands • Mormon Trail Monument (#577) 20 miles (30 km) north of San Bernardino • National Old Trails Monument (#781) in Needles • Old Bear Valley Dam (#725) at Big Bear Lake • Possum Trot (#939) 4 miles (6 km) northwest of Yermo, one of the Twentieth Century Folk Art Environments • Site of the Rancho Santa Ana del Chino Adobe of Isaac Williams (#942) 3 miles (5 km) southwest of Chino • Santa Fe And Salt Lake Trail Monument (#576) 17 miles (27 km) north of San Bernardino • Searles Lake Borax Discovery (#774) in Trona • Stoddard-Waite Monument (#578) 16 miles (26 km) north of San Bernardino • Sycamore Grove (#573) 0.7 miles (1.1 km) west of Devore

List of California Historical Landmarks
• Site of Tapia Adobe (#360) in Rancho Cucamonga • United States Rabbit Experimental Station (#950) in Fontana • Von Schmidt State Boundary Monument (#859) 14 miles (23 km) north of Needles • Yorba-Slaughter Adobe (#191) 5.5 miles (8.9 km) south of Chino (also on the National Register of Historic Places) • Yucaipa Adobe (#528) in Yucaipa • Yucaipa Rancheria (#620) in Yucaipa • The Zanja (#43) in Redlands (also on the National Register of Historic Places)

San Diego County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21478. see ht-

• Adobe Chapel of The Immaculate Conception (#49) • Asistencia San Antonio de Pala (#243) • Ballast Point Whaling Station Site (#50) • Bancroft Ranch House (#626) • Box Canyon(#472) • Butterfield Overland Mail Route (#647) • Cabrillo Landing Site (#56) • Camp Wright (#482) • Campo Stone Store (#411) • Casa de Bandini (#72) • Casa de Cota (Site of) (#75) • Casa de Carrillo (#74) • Casa de Estudillo (#53) • Casa de Lopez (#60) • Casa de Machado (#71)] • Casa de Pedrorena (#70) • Casa de Stewart (#73) • Chapel of Santa Ysabel (Site Of) (#369) • Congress Hall Site (#66) • Derby Dike (#244) • El Camino Real (#784) • El Campo Santo (#68) • El Vado (#634) • Ferryboat Berkeley (#1031) • First Military Flying School In America (#818) • First Publicly Owned School Building (#538) • Fort Guijarros (Site of) (#69) • Fort Rosecrans (#62) • Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery (#55) • Fort Stockton (#54) • Historic Planned Community Of Rancho Santa Fe (#982) • Hotel del Coronado (#844)

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• Julian (#412) • Kate O. Sessions Nursery (Site of the) (#764) • La Cañada de los Coches Rancho (#425) • La Christianita (#562) • La Punta de los Muertos (#57) • Las Flores Asistencia (#616) • Leo Carrillo Ranch (Rancho de los Kiotes) (#1020) • Los Puertecitos (#635) • Mission Dam and Flume (#52) • Mission San Diego de Alcalá (#242) • Mission San Luis Rey de Francia (#239) • Montgomery Memorial (#711) • Mule Hill (#452) • National City Depot Transcontinental Railroad (#1023) • Oak Grove Stage Station (#502) • Old La Playa (#61) • Old Landing, (Site of El Desembarcadero) (#64) • Old Point Loma Lighthouse (#51) • Old Town San Diego State Historic Park (#830) • Palm Springs (#639) • Pedro Fages Trail (#858) • Peg Leg Smith Monument (#750) • Plaza, San Diego Viejo (Washington Square) (#63) • Rancho Guajome Adobe (#940) • San Diego Barracks (#523) • San Diego Presidio Site (#59) • San Diego State College, Site of First Doctorate Degree Granted by the California State College System (#798) • San Felipe Valley And Stage Station (#793) • San Gregorio (#673) • San Pasqual Battlefield State Historic Park (#533) • Santa Catarina (#785) • Santa Margarita Ranch House (#1026) • Serra Palm (Site of) (#67) • Spanish Landing (#891) • Star of India (#1030) • The Exchange Hotel (#491) • The Whaley House (#65) • Vallecito Stage Depot (Station) (#304) • Warner’s Ranch (#311)

List of California Historical Landmarks
• Montgomery Block (# 80) • Landing place of Captain J.B. Montgomery (# 81) • Castillo de San Joaquín (# 82) • Shoreline markers (# 83) • Rincon Hill (# 84) • Office of the California Star Newspaper (# 85) • California Theatre (# 86) • Site of first U.S. Branch Mint in California (# 87) • Niantic Hotel, Whaling vessel turned storeship and hotel (# 88) • SITE OF PARROTT GRANITE BLOCK (# 89) • Fort Gunnybags (# 90) • Telegraph Hill (# 91) • Portsmouth Plaza (# 119) • EL DORADO, PARKER HOUSE, AND DENNISON’S EXCHANGE (# 192) • ENTRANCE OF THE SAN CARLOS INTO SAN FRANCISCO BAY (# 236) • SITE OF ORIGINAL MISSION DOLORES CHAPEL AND DOLORES LAGOON (# 327-1) • Long Wharf (# 328) • SITE OF THE FIRST MEETING OF FREEMASONS HELD IN CALIFORNIA (# 408) • LUCAS, TURNER & CO. BANK (SHERMAN’S BANK) (# 453) • Woodward’s Gardens (# 454) • SITE OF BRICK BUILDING OF THE FIRM OF MELLUS AND HOWARD (# 459) • EASTERN TERMINUS OF CLAY STREET HILL RAILROAD (# 500) • FIRST PUBLIC SCHOOL (# 587) • Union Square (# 623) • SITE OF THE WHAT CHEER HOUSE (# 650) • SARCOPHAGUS OF THOMAS STARR KING (# 691) • WESTERN BUSINESS HEADQUARTERS OF RUSSELL, MAJORS, AND WADDELLFOUNDERS, OWNERS, AND OPERATORS OF THE PONY EXPRESS (# 696) • SITE OF THE MARK HOPKINS INSTITUTE OF ART (# 754) • SITE OF LAUREL HILL CEMETERY (# 760) • ORIGINAL SITE OF ST. MARY’S COLLEGE (# 772) • El Camino Real (# 784) (as Father Serra knew it and helped blaze it) • ORIGINAL SITE OF THE BANCROFT LIBRARY (# 791)

San Francisco County
For more details, please see tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21482. • Presidio of San Francisco (# 79) ht-

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• Site of Old St. Mary’s Church (# 810) • HUDSON’S BAY COMPANY HEADQUARTERS (# 819) • Conservatory of Flowers (# 841) • SITE OF FIRST CALIFORNIA STATE FAIR (# 861) • OLD UNITED STATES MINT (# 875) • CITY OF PARIS BUILDING (# 876) • SITE OF INVENTION OF THE THREEREEL BELL SLOT MACHINE (# 937) • FARNSWORTH’S GREEN STREET LAB (# 941) • BIRTHPLACE OF THE UNITED NATIONS, WAR MEMORIAL COMPLEX (# 964) • Golden Gate Bridge (# 974) • TREASURE ISLAND-GOLDEN GATE INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITION, 1939-40 (# 987) • SITE OF THE FIRST DYNAMITE FACTORY IN UNITED STATES (# 1002) • ORIGINAL SITE OF THE THIRD BAPTIST CHURCH (FORMERLY THE FIRST COLORED BAPTIST CHURCH) (# 1010) • JUANA BRIONES, PIONEER SETTLER OF YERBA BUENA (# 1024)

List of California Historical Landmarks
Supreme Court fought the famous duel that ended dueling in California in a ravine east of here, near the shore of Lake Merced. Senator Broderick was mortally wounded. The site is marked with a monument and granite shafts where the two men stood. Location: 1100 Lake Merced Blvd, Daly City Portolà expedition camp (#21) - October 28, 1769 the Gaspar de Portolà expedition made camp near the mouth of Pilarcitos Creek near Half Moon Bay, California. Portolà expedition camp (#22) - October 27, 1769 the Gaspar de Portolà expedition made camp at the mouth of Purisima Creek near Half Moon Bay, California. Portolà expedition camp (#23) - October 23, 1769 the Gaspar de Portolà expedition made camp at the mouth of Gazos Creek near Pescadero, California. Portolà expedition camp (#24) - October 31, 1769 the Gaspar de Portolà expedition made camp at San Pedro Creek near Pacifica, California. Scouts first reported a body of water that is now San Francisco Bay. Portolà expedition camp (#25) - October 30, 1769 the Gaspar de Portolà expedition made camp at the foot of Montara Mountain. Portolà expedition camp (#26) - October 24, 1769 the Gaspar de Portolà expedition made camp at San Gregorio Creek near what is now San Gregorio State Beach on State Route 1. Portolà expedition camp (#27) - October 24, 1769 the Gaspar de Portolà expedition made camp at what is now San Andreas Lake which is west of Millbrae, California. This same camp was reused November 4, 1769 Anza expedition camp (#47) - on March 29, 1776 the Juan Bautista de Anza expedition made camp on the banks of San Mateo Creek during their search for site for the Mission and Presidio of San Francisco. Anza expedition camp (#48) - on March 26, 1776 the Juan Bautista de Anza expedition made camp during their search for site for the Mission and Presidio of San Francisco. Located in Burlingame, California. Portola expedition camp (#92) - November 11, 1769 the Gaspar de Portolà expedition made their first camp near the current

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San Joaquin County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21483. see ht-

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San Luis Obispo County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21484. • Mission San Miguel (#326) • Rios-Caledonia Adobe (#936) see ht•

San Mateo County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21520. • Portolà expedition camp (#2) - in 1769, the Gaspar de Portolà expedition made camp near El Palo Alto, the tall tree. They traveled from San Diego, California looking for Monterey Bay but instead found San Francisco Bay. Located in Menlo Park, California. • Broderick-Terry Dueling Place (# 19) - In the early morning of September 13, 1859, U.S. Senator David C. Broderick and Chief Justice David S. Terry of the California

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location of the Pulgas Water Temple, on Cañada Road near Woodside, California. Woodside Store (#93) was built in 1854 and is now open as a public museum. It is located at the crossroads of Tripp Road and Kings Mountain Road, Woodside, California. Portola expedition camp (#94) - November 5, 1769 the Gaspar de Portolà expedition made camp near the current locations of Upper Crystal Springs Lake and the Crystal Springs Dam in San Mateo, California. Tunitas Beach, Indian Village Site On de Portolà Route (#375) - The Gaspar de Portolà Expedition of 1769 discovered this Indian village on Tunitas Creek, in the southwest corner of Rancho Cañada de Verde y Arroyo de la Purísima, the rancho was granted to José María Alviso in 1838. Location: Mouth of Tunitas Creek at Tunitas Beach, 1,000 ft (300 m) W of State Hwy 1 (P.M. 20.9), 6.8 mi (10.9 km) S of Half Moon Bay The Sanchez Adobe (#391) site of an outpost of Mission Dolores (1786-1793) and in 1842 became the home of Francisco Sánchez (1805-1862) and is now a public museum in Sanchez Adobe County Park, in Pacifica, California. The Hospice (#393) - was an oupost of Mission Dolores on El Camino Real. It is located near the Baywood District in San Mateo, California San Francisco Bay discovery site (#394) scouts from the Gaspar de Portolà expedition realized the body of water they had found was a bay on October 31, 1769. On November 4, the expedition climbed Sweeney Ridge near Pacifica, California. Also listed on the National Register of Historic Places: NPS-68000022. Former site of Searsville (#474) - flooded circa 1891 when a dam was built. Located near Woodside, California. San Mateo County’s first sawmill (#478) built on the banks of Alambique Creek in 1847. A second mill was built on San Francisquito Creek. The mills were similar to Sutter’s Mill at Coloma, California the site of the 1848 gold discovery by James Marshall. Located in Woodside, California. Union Cemetery (#816) - 6 acres (24,000 m2) were purchased on March 16, 1859, is located near the crossroads of Woodside Road (State Route 84) and El

List of California Historical Landmarks
Camino Real in Redwood City, California. It is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places: NPS-83001237. Case de Tableta (#825) - This structure, built by Felix Buelna in the 1850s, served as a gambling retreat and meeting place for Mexican-Californios. It was strategically located on the earliest trail used both by rancheros and American settlers crossing the peninsula to the coast. Acquired by an American in 1868, it has continued to serve under various names as a roadhouse and saloon. 3915 Alpine Rd at Arastradero Rd, town of Portola Valley Burlingame Train Station (#846) - opened October 10, 1894. Located in Burlingame, California. Ralston Hall (#856) - built in 1868 by William Chapman Ralston, a San Francisco financier. Located at the College of Notre Dame in Belmont, California. Carolands (#886) - built in 1915 for Harriet Pullman Carolan, heiress to the Pullman railroad car fortune. Located in Hillsborough, California Steele Brothers Dairy Ranches (#906) Beginning in the 1850s, the Steele brothers pioneered one of the first largescale commercial cheese and dairy businesses in California. They extended their operations from Point Reyes to Rancho Punta de Año Nuevo in 1862. This 7,000-acre (28 km2) ranch consisted of five dairies extending from Gazos Creek to Point Año Nuevo. For a century the Steele brothers’ dairy ranches were of importance in California’s agricultural development. Location: Año Nuevo State Reserve, NW corner of State Hwy 1 (P.M. 0.9) and New Year’s Creek Rd, 14 mi (23 km) S of Pescadero Filoli (#907) - built as the home of William B. Bourn II. The architect was Willis Polk and is located near Woodside, California. Our Lady of the Wayside Church (#909)This country church, built in 1912, was the first design of architect Timothy L. Pflueger to be executed. Pflueger, who had just begun work for James Rupert Miller, shows his awareness of the Spanish California missions in the style, which contrasts with the large commercial buildings and art deco theaters for which he later became recognized. Construction

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of this church was initiated by a nondenominational club, The Family. Location: 930 Portola Rd, town of Portola Valley Pigeon Point Lighthouse (#930) - is a brick lighthouse with a Fresnel lens. Located off of State Route 1. The closest town is Davenport, California. Tanforan Assembly Center for JapaneseAmericans (#934) - the temporary detention camps represents the first phase of the incarceration of Californians of Japanese ancestry during World War II. The center was constructed at the Tanforan racetrack. Now the location of The Shops at Tanforan, a shopping mall, is on El Camino Real in San Bruno, California. Twentieth Century Folk Art Environments (Thematic) - CAPIDRO (#939) - The late John Guidici, a retired gardener, began landscaping his Menlo Park house in 1932, using mostly cement, local sand, and the shells that were available free at local beaches. 262 Princeton Rd, Menlo Park First Congregational Church of Pescadero (#949)- Built in May 1867, this is the oldest church building on its original site within the San Mateo-Santa Clara County region. Its Classical Revival style reflects the cultural background of pioneer Yankee settlers of the south San Francisco peninsula coast. The steeple was appended to the bell tower in 1890. During repairs caused by a minor fire in 1940, the social hall was added. Location: San Gregorio St, Pescadero, California. Menlo Park Train Station (#955) constructed in 1867 is the oldest railroad passenger station in California and was built near Stanford University. The station provided transportation for soldiers at Camp Fremont during World War I. It is located in Menlo Park, California.

List of California Historical Landmarks

Santa Clara County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21522. • Old Adobe Women’s Club (#249), Santa Clara • Old site, Mission Santa Clara de Thamien and Old Spanish Bridge (#250), founded 1777, first mission in the valley, at the Indian village of So-co-is-u-ka on Guadalupe River. Location: SE corner of Central Expressway and De la Cruz Blvd, Santa Clara. • Vasquez Tree and site of 21-mile (34 km) House (#259), Morgan Hill • Santa Clara Campaign Treaty Site (#260), Santa Clara • Mission Santa Clara de Asis (#338), founded 1777. Location: The Alameda and Lexington Street, in University of Santa Clara. • New Almaden Mine (#339), San Jose • New Almaden Mine (#339-1), New Almaden • Edwin Markham Home (#416), San Jose • First Normal School in California (San Jose State) (#417), San Jose • First site of El Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe (#433), San Jose • Site of City Gardens - Nursery of Louis Pellier (#434), San Jose • Saratoga (#435), Saratoga • Circle of Palms Plaza (#461), site of California’s first state capitol (1849-1851), location: Market Street at Plaza de César Chávez park in downtown San Jose • Gubserville (#447), San Jose • Patchen (#448), Holy City • Forbes Flour Mill (#458), Los Gatos • Site of California’s First State Capitol (#461), San Jose • Moreland School (#489), San Jose • Almaden Vineyards (#505), San Jose • Site of Juana Briones de Miranda Home on Rancho la Purísima Concepción (#524), Palo Alto • Martin Murphy Home and Estate (#644), Sunnyvale • Paul Masson Mountain Winery (#733), Saratoga • Arroyo de San José de Cupertino (#800), Cupertino • Montgomery Hill (#813), San Jose

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Santa Barbara County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21521. see ht-

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• Eadweard Muybridge and the Development of Motion Pictures (#834), Palo Alto • Pioneer Electronics Research Laboratory (#836), Palo Alto • Old Post Office (#854), San Jose • John Adams Squire House (#857), Palo Alto • Luís María Peralta Adobe (#866), San Jose • Winchester Mystery House (#868), San Jose • Hayes Mansion (#888), San Jose • Hostess House (#895), Palo Alto • Roberto-Suñol Adobe (#898), San Jose • First Unitarian Church of San Jose (#902), San Jose • Kotani-En (#903), Los Gatos • Charles Copeland Morse House (#904), Santa Clara • Cathedral Basilica of St. Joseph (#910), San Jose • Lou Henry Hoover House (#913), Palo Alto • First successful introduction of the honeybee to California (#945), San Jose • Site of the world’s first broadcasting station (#952), San Jose • Home site of Sarah Wallis (#969), Palo Alto • Birthplace of Silicon Valley (#976), Palo Alto • Site of the invention of the first commercially practicable integrated circuit (#1000), Palo Alto • Gilroy Yamato Hot Springs Resort (#1017), Gilroy

List of California Historical Landmarks

Siskiyou County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21526. see ht-

Solano County
• Benicia Arsenal (#176), Benicia • Benecia Capitol (#153) - one four California capitol locations, Benicia • Benicia Seminary (#795), Benicia • First Building Erected In California by Masonic Lodge for Use as a Hall (#174), Benicia • First U.S. Naval Station in the Pacific (#751), Vallejo • Fischer-Hanlon House (#880), Benicia • Rockville Stone Chapel (#779), Rockville • Saint Paul’s Episcopal Church (#862), Benicia • Site of First Protestant Church (#175), Benicia • Site Of Former Benicia Barracks (#177), Benicia • Site of State Capitol at Vallejo (#574), Vallejo • Turner/Robertson Shipyard, 1883-1918 (#973), Benicia • University of California Experimental Farm, Wolfskill Grant (#804), Winters • Vaca-Peña Adobe (#534), Vacaville

Sonoma County
• Vallejo Estate (#4) -Also known as Lachryma Montis is a historic Carpenter Gothic house and grounds in Sonoma built 1851-1852 by General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo. • Blue Wing Inn (#17) - Erected by General M. G. Vallejo about 1840 to accommodate emigrants and other travelers, the Inn was purchased in gold rush days by Cooper and Spriggs, two retired seafaring men, and operated as hotel and store. It was among first hostelries in Northern California. Notable guests, according to local tradition, included John C. Frémont, U. S. Grant, Governor Pío Pico, Kit Carson, Fighting Joe Hooker, William T. Sherman, Phil Sheridan, and members of the Bear Flag Party. • Location: Sonoma State Historic Park, 133 E Spain St, Sonoma

Santa Cruz County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21523. see ht-

Shasta County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21524. see ht-

Sierra County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21525. see ht-

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• Rancho Petaluma Adobe (#18) - It took about ten years to complete this building, begun in 1834 as a result of General M. G. Vallejo’s order to settle the area. On Vallejo’s 66,000-acre (267 km2) rancho such necessities as candles, soap, blankets, shoes, and saddles were manufactured by native artisans in shops which included a tannery, smithy, and grist mill. • Location: Adobe at 3325 Adobe Rd, plaque located 6 mi (10 km) W of site, 300 ft (91 m) NW of intersection of Old Redwood Hwy and Adobe Rd, Petaluma USGS Quadrangle Sheet Name: PETALUMA 15 • Luther Burbank Home and Gardens (#234) - In this garden Luther Burbank wrought with living plants to bring to the world greater fertility, wealth, and beauty, developing new varieties that produced better fruits and more beautiful flowers. • Location: 200 block of Santa Rosa Ave, Santa Rosa • Temelec Hall (#237) - This structure was erected in 1858 by Captain Granville P. Swift, a member of the Bear Flag Party, using stone quarried here by native Indian labor. General Percifor F. Smith, U.S. military commander in California, lived in the little house nearby in 1849. • Location: Temelec Adult Community, 220 Temelec Circle, 3 mi (5 km) SE of Sonoma • Mission San Francisco Solano (#3) - On July 4, 1823, Padre José Altamira founded this northernmost of California’s Franciscan missions, the only one established in California under independent Mexico. In 1834, secularization orders were carried out by Military Commandant M. G. Vallejo, and Mission San Francisco Solano became a parish church serving the Pueblo and Sonoma Valley until it was sold in 1881. • Location: Sonoma State Historic Park, NW corner of Spain at 1st St E, Sonoma • Presidio of Sonoma (Sonoma Barracks) (#316) - Sonoma Barracks was erected in 1836 by General M. G. Vallejo. It became the headquarters of the Bear Flag Party, which in June 1846 proclaimed a ’California Republic’ and raised the Bear Flag on Sonoma’s Plaza. Twenty-three days later, on July 7, 1846, Commodore

List of California Historical Landmarks
John Drake Sloat took possession of California for the United States government. Stevenson’s Regiment, Company C, U.S.A., occupied the barracks in April 1847. • Location: Sonoma State Historic Park, NW corner of E Spain and 1st St E, Sonoma Buena Vista Winery and Vineyards (#392) - Founded in 1857, this is the birthplace of California wine. Its founder, Colonel Agoston Haraszthy, called the father of the state’s wine industry, toured Europe in 1861 to gather grape vine cuttings, he also oversaw planting the vineyards and digging wine storage tunnels into the limestone rock of the hillsides. • Location: 18000 Old Winery Rd, 2 mi (3.2 km) NE of Sonoma Haraszthy Villa Site (#391-2) - Here Count Agoston Haraszthy, ’Father of California Viticulture,’ built an imposing villa in 1857-58, as his home. California’s first formal Vintage Celebration, a masked ball, was held at this site on October 23, 1864. General and Mrs. Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo were guests of honor. While living here, Haraszthy oversaw operations of the Winery and Buena Vista Vinicultural Society. • Location: Castle Rd near Buena Vista Winery, Sonoma General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo’s Home (#4) - The home known as Lachryma Montis (Tears of the Mountain) was built in 1850. Its name was derived from the springs that now are the source of Sonoma’s water supply. General Vallejo, born at Monterey July 7, 1808, was commander of the northern Mexican frontier, founder of the Pueblo of Sonoma, and a member of the first Constitutional Convention of California. • Location: Vallejo Home, Sonoma State Historic Park, Spain at 3rd St W Sonoma Swiss Hotel (#496) - The Swiss Hotel was constructed about 1850 by Don Salvador Vallejo. This adobe adjoined his first Sonoma dwelling, built in 1836. Occupied by various pioneers, in 1861 it was the house of Dr. Victor J. Faure, vintner of prize-winning wines made from the grapes of the Vallejo family vineyards. Later, it was used as a hotel and restaurant. • Location: 18 W Spain St, Sonoma

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• Fort Ross (#5) - Founded in 1812 by Russians from Alaska. When Russians withdrew to Alaska in 1841, Captain Sutter bought the improvements and supplies. The State acquired the fort in 1906 and the remaining buildings-Greek Orthodox Chapel, Commandant’s Quarters, and Stockade-were restored. The chapel, destroyed by fire in 1970, was reconstructed in 1974. • Location: 19005 Coast Hwy, State Hwy 1 (P.M. 33.0), 12 mi (19 km) N of Jenner • Salvador Vallejo Adobe (#501) - This was the home of Captain Salvador Vallejo, brother of General Mariano G. Vallejo, who founded Sonoma. The adobe was built by Indian labor between 1836 and 1846, and was occupied by Captain Vallejo and his family until the Bear Flag Party seized Sonoma on June 4, 1846. Cumberland College, a Presbyterian coeducational boarding school, was located here from 1858 to 1864. • Location: 421-1st St W Sonoma • Italian Swiss Colony (#621) - Here in 1881 Italian immigrants established an agricultural colony. Choice wines produced from grape plantings from the Old World soon brought wide acclaim. By 1905, 10 gold medals had been awarded these wines at international competition. • Location: SE corner of Asti Rd and Asti Post Office Rd, Asti. USGS Quadrangle Sheet Name: ASTI • Union Hotel and Union Hall (#627) - The original hotel was a one-story adobe, the adjoining hall was a one-story frame structure. After the fire of 1866, a twostory stone hotel and a two-story frame hall with rooms upstairs for hotel guests were built. The Union Hotel was conducted as a hotel until 1955, when the Bank of America acquired the property. • Location: 35 Napa and 1st St W Sonoma • Nash Adobe(#667) - This house was built by H. A. Green in 1847. Here John H. Nash was taken prisoner by Lieutenant William T. Sherman in July 1847 for refusing to relinquish his post as alcalde to Lilburn W. Boggs. The adobe was restored in 1931 by Zolita Bates, greatgranddaughter of Nancy Patton Adler, who lived here after her 1848 marriage to

List of California Historical Landmarks
Lewis Adler, pioneer merchant of San Francisco and Sonoma. • Location: 579-1st St E, Sonoma • Hood House (#692) - This was the site of Rancho los Guilucos (18,833 acres), which Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado granted to John Wilson and his wife, Ramona Carrillo, sister-in-law of General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, in 1839. The house, constructed in 1858 by William Hood for his bride, Elsia Shaw of Sonoma, incorporates the original bricks fired on the property. The property was purchased in 1943 by the California Department of the Youth Authority for Los Guilucos School for Girls. • Location: Hood Mansion, Santa Rosa Jr College, 7501 Sonoma Hwy (Hwy 12), Santa Rosa. USGS Quadrangle Sheet Name: SANTA ROSA • Bear Flag Monument (#7) - On June 14, 1846, the Bear Flag Party raised the Bear Flag in the Sonoma Town Plaza, and declared California free from Mexican rule. Following the raising of the American flag at Monterey July 7, 1846 by Commodore John Drake Sloat, on July 9 the Bear Flag was hauled down and the American flag raised in its place by Lieutenant Joseph W. Revere, U.S.A., who had been sent to Sonoma from San Francisco by Commander John B. Montgomery of the U.S. Sloop-of-War Portsmouth. • Location: Sonoma Plaza, E Spain and 1st St E, Sonoma Plaza • Vineyard and Winery San Francisco Solano Mission Vineyard (#739) - Here the Franciscan Fathers of San Francisco Solano de Sonoma Mission produced sacramental wine from the first vineyard in Sonoma Valley, planted in 1825. After secularization of the mission in 1835, General Mariano G. Vallejo, Commandant of Alta California’s northern frontier, produced prize-winning wines from these grapes. A young immigrant from Italy, Samuele Sebastiani, with his wife Elvira, purchased this property in the early 1900s. Since that time, he and his family have continued with distinction the traditions handed down to them. Much of the original mission vineyard is still planted to choice wine grapes. • Location: 394-4th St E at Spain St, Sonoma

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• Jack London State Historic Park (#743) This is the ’House of Happy Walls,’ built in 1919 by Charmian K. London in memory of her husband, renowned author Jack London. Here are housed many of his works and the collection gathered in their travels throughout the world. In 1960 Charmian’s house, the ruins of Jack’s ’Wolf House,’ and his grave were presented to the State by his nephew, Irving Shepard. • Location: Glen Ellen. USGS Quadrangle Sheet Name: SANTA ROSA 15 • Saint Teresa of Avila Church (#820) Constructed of redwood in 1859 by New England ship’s carpenters on land donated by Jasper O’Farrell, the church has served this coastal community continuously for over a century. Father Louis Rossi was appointed pastor on March 8, 1860, and Archbishop Alemany dedicated the church on June 2, 1861. • Location: Bodega Hwy near Bodega Ln, Bodega. USGS Quadrangle Sheet Name: BODEGA HEAD • Bodega Bay and Harbor (#833) Discovered in 1602-03 by Vizcaino’s expedition, the bay was named by Bodega in his survey of 1775. The harbor was used in 1790 by Colnett and in 1809 and 1811 by the Kusov expeditions. The Russian-American company and their Aleut hunters used the bay as an outpost until 1841, Stephen Smith took control in 1843. Pioneer ships of many nations used Bodega Bay as an anchorage. • Location: Doran Park, 1 mi (1.6 km).6 of State Hwy 1 (P.M. 9.4), on Doran Beach Rd, 0 mi (0.0 km).5 of Bodega Bay • Cooper’s Sawmill (#835) - In 1834, Mariano G. Vallejo’s brother-in-law, John B. R. Cooper, constructed California’s first known power-operated commercial sawmill. In addition to sawing redwood lumber, the mill and surrounding settlement served as a barrier to Russian encroachment from the west. Located on Mark West Creek, the waterpowered mill was destroyed by flood in the winter of 1840-41. • Location: SW corner, intersection of Mirabel and River Rds (P.M. 174) near Mirabel Park, 8 mi (13 km) W of Santa Rosa

List of California Historical Landmarks
• Cotati Downtown Plaza (#879) - Cotati’s hexagonal town plan, one of only two such in the United States, was designed during the 1890s by Newton Smyth as an alternative to the traditional grid. Each of the streets surrounding the six-sided town plaza, where early settler Dr. Thomas Page’s barn once stood, is named after one of Page’s sons, ’Cotati’ derives from the name of a local Indian chief. • Location: Downtown plaza, SE corner of Old Redwood Hwy and E Cotati Ave, Cotati • Walters Ranch Hop Kiln (#893) - This is the most significant surviving example of a stone hop kiln in the North Coast region. Built by Angelo ’Skinny’ Sodini in 1905, it served the Russian River Valley and North Coast regions, once the major hopgrowing areas in the West. In the latter part of the 19th century, Sol Walters purchased 380 acres (1.5 km2), part of the Sotoyome Rancho patented in 1853, from Josefa Fitch. • Location: 6050 Westside Rd, Healdsburg • Petrified Forest (California) (#915) - The petrified forest, historically and scientifically significant as the state’s only petrified forest dating from the Eocene period, is unique in its size, scope, and variety of petrification. Discovered in 1870, the forest is about a mile long by half a mile wide. • Location: 4100 Petrified Forest Rd, 5 mi (8.0 km) NW of Calistoga • Twentieth Century Folk Art Environments (Thematic)-John Medica Gardens (#939) ’Trying to make it look better,’ John Medica spent 20 years transforming a barren hillside into a magical garden of plants and creative stone works. Castles were his greatest triumph. A native of Yugoslavia, self-taught, Medica created an oasis for people and animals to enjoy. This imaginative assemblage is one of California’s remarkable Twentieth Century Folk Art Environments. • Location: 5000 Medica Rd, Santa Rosa • Icaria-Sperenza Commune (#981) - IcariaSperanza was a Utopian community based on the writings of French philosopher Etienne Cabet. In 1881, at Cloverdale, French immigrant families led by the Dehay and Leroux families began their social experiment in cooperative living

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
based on solidarity and depending on an agrarian economy. It lasted until 1886. Icaria-Speranza was the only Icarian Colony in California and the last of seven established throughout the United States. On this site stood the Icarian schoolhouse, deeded to the county in 1886. • Location: W side of Asti Rd, 1.68 mi (2.70 km) N of Asti Post Office Rd, S of Cloverdale. USGS Quadrangle Sheet Name: HOPLAND 15 For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21528. or list of all California sites at http://ceres.ca.gov/geo_area/ counties/Sonoma/landmarks.html • See also the town of Sonoma and Santa Rosa, California

List of California Historical Landmarks
• First Tehama County Courthouse (#183)

Trinity County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21532. • La Grange Mine (hydraulic) (#778), hydraulic gold mine, operated from 1862 to 1918 • Weaverville Joss House (#709), Chinese house of worship, built in 1874

Tulare County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21533. see ht-

Stanislaus County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21529. see ht-

Tuolumne County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21534. see ht-

Sutter County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21530. • Site of Hock Farm (#346), first non-Indian settlement in Sutter County, established in 1841 by John Augustus Sutter (later of Sutter’s Mill fame) • Site of propagation of the Thompson Seedless grape (#929), developed by William Thompson in the 1870s

Ventura County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21535. • Grandma Prisbrey’s Bottle Village (#939), Simi Valley • Site of Junípero Serra’s cross (#113), erected at the founding of the Mission San Buenaventura • Mission San Buenaventura (#310) • Mission San Buenaventura aqueduct (#114-1), which carried water from the Ventura River to the mission • Old Mission Reservoir (#114), part of the water system for Mission San Buenaventura • Olivas Adobe (#115), home of Don Raymundo Olivas, the only early two-story adobe in the valley • Portolà Expedition (#727), Santa Paula — On August 13, 1769, the Portolà Expedition arrived at the junction of the Arroyo Mupu and Santa Paula Creek, at a place they named the Holy Martyrs Ipolito (Hippolytus) and Cassiano (Cassian of ImolaCassian). The priests of the Mission San Buenaventura here established the Asistencia Santa Paula, where they held services for the Mupu Indians.

Tehama County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21531. • Home of Mrs. John Brown (#117), the widow of John Brown moved to Red Bluff with her children in 1864 and stayed there until 1870 • Residence of General William B. Ide (#12), first and only President of the California Republic (known as the Bear Flag Republic) • Indian Military Post, Nomi Lackee Indian Reservation (#357), destination for the forced migration of "militant Indians", in operation from 1854 to the early or mid 1860s

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
• Rancho Camulos (#553), home of Ygnacio del Valle and setting of Helen Hunt Jackson’s 1884 novel Ramona. • Rancho Simi (#979) • Stagecoach Inn (#659), Newbury Park • Sycamore Tree (#756), on State Route 126, east of Santa Paula — John C. Frémont passed this tree on his way to sign a treaty with General Andrés Pico to secure California for annexation to the United States. The tree has served as a resting place, a polling place, a temporary post office, and an outdoor chapel. • Union Oil Company Building (#996), birthplace of the Union Oil Company, Santa Paula • Ventura County Courthouse (#847), an outstanding example of neo-classical architecture • Warring Park (#624), site of a large village of Piru Indians, Piru

List of California Historical Landmarks
• Bok Kai Temple (#889), built in 1888 to replace the first temple built in the early 1850s, this temple has been a Chinese community project since 1866 • Johnson’s Ranch (#493), the first settlement in California reached by emigrant trains using the Emigrant Trail during the California Gold Rush, owned by William Johnson • Overland Emigrant Trail (#799-3), used by an estimated 30,000 people to cross the Sierra Nevada into the gold fields in 1849 • Smartsville (#321), known for its churches • Temporary detention camps for JapaneseAmericans–Marysville Assembly Center (#934) • Timbuctoo (#320), largest town in eastern Yuba County in 1855 • Site of the Wheatland Hop Riot of 1913 (#1003), a watershed event in California labor history

Yolo County
For more details, please see http://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21536. • Gable Mansion (#864), home of Amos and Harvey Gable, Yolo County pioneer ranchers, built in 1885 • Woodland Opera House (#851), site of first opera house to serve the Sacramento Valley, built in 1885; present structure built in 1895–1896

References
[1] Miners Foundry history

See also
• List of Registered Historic Places in California (National Historic Landmarks)

External links
• California Office of Historic Preservation • Official list of California Historical Sites

Yuba County
For more details, please tp://ohp.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=21537. see ht-

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