5W Worksheet

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					    Title: The 5 W’s 
     
    Author: Becky Manis 
     
    Subject(s): Language Arts, Science 
     
    Topic(s): Communication, Space Science, Journalism, Reading, Interviews 
     
    Grade/Level: 5‐8 
     
    Objective: 
    By  the  end  of  this  activity,  students  will  be  able  to  write  a  brief  space  science  article  that 
    includes the 5 W’s. 
     
    Summary of Activity: This activity teaches students to look for the key pieces of information 
    in  a  story  so  that  they  are  prepared  to  write  a  story  that  covers  the  information  a  reader 
    wants or needs to know. 
     
    Time Allotment: 30‐45 minutes 
     
    Procedures/Instructions: 
    1. Share the Formula for a Well‐Written News Article with the students 
    2. Pass out the student worksheet and an article per student or per pair of students. 
    3. Explain how good news articles include the 5 W’s. 
    4. Explain to the students that they must read through each article and locate the 5 W’s. 
 
    Instructional Materials: 
      • Copies of space related newspaper, magazine, or Internet news article 
      • Student Worksheets 
      
    National Science and Mathematics Standards: 
    Science 
     
    History and Nature of Science 
    CONTENT STANDARD G: 
    As a result of activities in grades 5‐8, all students should develop understanding of 
        • Science as a human endeavor 
     
    Assessment Plan: 
    Students can be assessed based on their student worksheet. 
 
 
Formula for a Well-Written News Article

1. First paragraph
In your first one or two sentences tell who, what, when, where, and why. Try to hook
the reader by beginning with a funny, clever, or surprising statement. Go for variety:
try beginning your article with a question or a provocative statement.

2. Second/Third/Fourth paragraphs
Give the reader the details. Include one or two quotes from people you interviewed.
Write in the third person (he, she, it, they). Be objective -- never state your opinion.
Use quotes to express others' opinions!

3. Last paragraph
Wrap it up somehow (don't leave the reader hanging. Please don't say...."In
conclusion" or "To finish..." (yawn!) Try ending with a quote or a catchy phrase.
• Use active words (verbs that show what's really happening.)
• Take notes when you interview. Write down quotes!
• Tell the really interesting info first!
The 5 W’s
A reporter’s job is to get the facts. People who read the newspaper, listen to
news reports or watch news programs want the basic information behind a
story. Basic information can be summed up by addressing the 5 W’s: Who?
What? Where? When? and Why?

Instructions: Choose one of the following articles to read, then determine the
Who? What? Where? When? and Why? (10 points for locating all elements)

Who?




What?



Where?



When?



Why?




Bonus 1:
Find and clip or copy up to 5 more articles from the newspaper or a news
magazine. Determine the 5 W’s for each article. (5 bonus points each)

Bonus 2:
Write your own news article detailing a current news event or an activity at
school. Swap your article with a partner and locate each other’s 5 W’s.

				
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