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Eric Holder


									From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eric Holder

Eric Holder
Eric Holder

82nd United States Attorney General Incumbent Assumed office February 3, 2009[1] President Preceded by

Eric Himpton Holder, Jr. (born January 21, 1951) is the 82nd and current Attorney General of the United States and the first African-American to hold the position.[2] He is serving under President Barack Obama. Holder previously served as a judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, United States Attorney, and Deputy Attorney General of the United States, and as a senior legal advisor to then-Senator Barack Obama during Obama’s presidential campaign. He was one of three members of Obama’s vicepresidential selection committee.

Barack Obama Michael Mukasey

Early life
Eric H. Holder, Jr. was born in the The Bronx borough of New York City,[3] to parents with roots in Barbados;[4][5] Holder’s father, Eric Himpton Holder, Sr. (1905–1970)[6] was born in Saint Joseph, Barbados, arrived in the United States at the age of 11.[7] He later became a real estate broker. His mother, Miriam, was born in New Jersey, while his maternal grandparents were immigrants from Saint Philip, Barbados.[7] Holder grew up in East Elmhurst, Queens, and attended public school until the age of 10. When entering the 4th grade he was selected to participate in a program for intellectually-gifted students.[8] He went on to attend Stuyvesant High School in Manhattan[9] and attended Columbia University, where he played freshman basketball and was co-captain of his team and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in American history in 1973. Holder received his J.D. from Columbia Law School, graduating in 1976. He worked for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund during his first summer and the United States Attorney during his second summer.[8]

United States Attorney General In office January 20, 2001 – February 2, 2001 President Preceded by Succeeded by George W. Bush Janet Reno John Ashcroft

Deputy Attorney General of the United States In office 1997 – 2001 President Preceded by Succeeded by Born Bill Clinton Jamie Gorelick Larry Thompson January 21, 1951 (1951-01-21) The Bronx, New York, United States Democratic Sharon Malone (3) Stuyvesant High School Columbia University Columbia Law School Attorney at law Episcopalian

Political party Spouse Children Alma mater

After graduating from law school, Holder joined the U.S. Justice Department’s new Public Integrity Section during an interval lasting from 1976 to 1988. During his time there, he assisted in the prosecution of

Profession Religion


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Democratic Congressman John Jenrette for bribery discovered in the Abscam sting operation.[10] In 1988, then-President Ronald Reagan appointed Holder to serve on the Bench as a Judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia.[11] Holder stepped down from the bench in 1993 to accept an appointment for U.S. Attorney for the District of Columbia from thenPresident Bill Clinton. He was the first African-American U.S. Attorney in that office.[8] At the beginning of his tenure, he oversaw the conclusion of the corruption case against Dan Rostenkowski, part of the Congressional Post Office Scandal.[10] He was a U.S. Attorney until his elevation to Deputy Attorney General in 1997. Holder also served on The George Washington University’s Board of Trustees in 1996 and 1997.

Eric Holder
As Deputy Attorney General, Holder advised Reno about how far to go in the Justice Department’s use of the Independent Counsel statute. Reno made the fateful decision to permit Kenneth Starr to expand his investigation into the Lewinsky affair, indirectly leading to Clinton’s impeachment.[8] In his final days with the Clinton administration, Holder was involved with Clinton’s last-minute pardon of fugitive and Democratic contributor Marc Rich. Between November 2000 and January 2001, Jack Quinn, Rich’s lawyer and former White House Counsel from 1995-96, had been contacting Holder, testing the waters for the political viability of a presidential pardon. After presenting his case to Holder in a November phone call and a last minute January 17 letter, Quinn arranged a phone call between the White House and Holder, asking the Deputy Attorney General to share his opinion on the Rich pardon. Holder gave Clinton a "neutral, leaning towards favorable" opinion of the pardon.[8]The reporter Joe Conason contends that the Rich’s pardon was actually a favor from President Clinton to members of the government of Israel, for which Clinton hoped to gain progress in the peace talks between Israel and Palestine.[15] During his February testimonies before the House Government Reform Committee[16] and Senate Judiciary Committee, Holder argued his phone call was not intended as a formal Justice Department blessing of the pardon, saying, "my interaction with the White House, I did not view as a recommendation. Because... I didn’t have the ability to look at all the materials that had been vetted through the way we normally vet materials." He also did not believe his opinion would be interpreted as a go-ahead for the pardon. "What I said to the White House counsel ultimately was that I was neutral on this because I didn’t have a factual basis to make a determination as to whether or not Mr. Quinn’s contentions were in fact accurate, whether or not there had been a change in the law, a change in the applicable Justice Department regulations, and whether or not that was something that would justify the extraordinary grant of a pardon."[17] An investigation championed by Republican House Government Reform Committee chairman Rep. Dan Burton concluded, in a 2003 report covering 177 Clinton pardons, that Holder had played a significant role in facilitating

Deputy Attorney General
In 1997, after the retirement of Jamie Gorelick, Clinton nominated Holder to be the next Deputy Attorney General under Janet Reno. Holder was confirmed several months later in the Senate by a unanimous vote.[12] During his confirmation hearing, Holder’s opposition to the death penalty was questioned, but he pledged his intention to cooperate with the current laws and Attorney General Janet Reno, saying, "I am not a proponent of the death penalty, but I will enforce the law as this Congress gives it to us."[13] Holder was the first African American to serve in that position.[8] Holder briefly served as Acting Attorney General under President George W. Bush until the Senate confirmed Bush’s nominee John Ashcroft.[14]

Deputy Attorney General Eric Holder opened an Interagency Working Group meeting of the White House Initiative on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders hosted by the Department of Justice on October 18, 2000.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
the Rich pardon, first by recommending the well-connected Jack Quinn to legal representatives of Marc Rich, by failing to fully inform prosecutors of the pending pardon, and by eventually delivering a "neutral leaning favorable" opinion of the twilight pardon to the President from a position of authority.[18] Holder has expressed some regret over his handling of the Rich pardon, stating "I wish I had done some things differently with regard to the Marc Rich matter. Specifically, I wish that I had ensured that the Department of Justice was more fully informed and involved in this pardon process", and called his own actions a "mistake."[19]

Eric Holder
Clinton. According to The Hartford Courant, the clemency was unusual because it was opposed by the FBI, the federal prosecutor and the victims. According to the newspaper, it was also unusual because, before the commutations, the Boricua Popular Army members were not required to repudiate their actions, and they were not asked to provide any information concerning the whereabouts of Victor Manuel Gerena, a co-conspirator and one of the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives, or the millions of dollars stolen by the group in a 1983 robbery of Wells Fargo in West Hartford, Connecticut.[20]

Private practice
From 2001 until he became Attorney General, Holder worked as an attorney at Covington & Burling in Washington, D.C.,[8] representing clients such as Merck and the National Football League.[3] He represented the NFL during its dog fighting investigation against Michael Vick.[21] In 2004, Holder helped negotiate an agreement with the Justice Department for Chiquita Brands International in a case that involved Chiquita’s payment of "protection money" to the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia, a group on the U.S. government’s list of terrorist organizations.[22][23] In the agreement, Chiquita’s officials pleaded guilty and paid a fine of $25 million. Holder represented Chiquita in the civil action that grew out of this criminal case.[23] In March 2004 Holder and Covington & Burling were hired by Illinois governor Rod Blagojevich to act as a special investigator to the Illinois Gaming Board. The Gaming Board had voted 4-1 earlier that month to allow a casino to be built in Rosemont, Illinois. That vote defied the recommendation of the board’s staff, which had raised concerns about alleged organized-crime links to the Rosemont casino’s developer. The move had also raised concerns that the governor had named his close friend and fund-raiser, Christopher Kelly, as a "special government agent" to be involved in official state negotiations about the casino. Holder’s legal work for the State of Illinois never materialized when the board reversed its decision and refused to hire Kelly. The investigation was subsequently canceled on May 18, 2004.[24] While D.C. v. Heller was being heard by the Supreme Court in 2008, Holder joined the Reno-led amicus brief, which urged the

Official photo as Deputy Attorney General, ca. 2000 Holder was also involved in Clinton’s decision to reduce the criminal sentences of 16 members of the Boricua Popular Army, an organization that has been categorized by the FBI as a terrorist organization. The clemency request was initially opposed in 1996 by U.S. Pardons Attorney Margaret Love. When Holder was elevated to Deputy Attorney General in 1997, he was asked to reexamine the issue by three members of Congress. In July 1999, Holder recommended clemency to President Clinton with a report from then U.S. Pardons Attorney Roger Adams that neither supported nor opposed clemency. A month later, the clemency was granted by


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Supreme Court to uphold Washington, D.C.’s handgun ban and said the position of the Department of Justice, from Franklin Roosevelt through Bill Clinton, was that the Second Amendment does not protect an individual right to keep and bear arms for purposes unrelated to a State’s operation of a well-regulated militia.[25] Holder said that overturning the 1976 law "opens the door to more people having more access to guns and putting guns on the streets."[26] In 2008, Holder represented the wife of Robert Wone, victim of a controversial and unsolved 2006 murder.[27]

Eric Holder
midst of Black History Month, in which he called the United States "a nation of cowards" on racial issues. "Though race-related issues continue to occupy a significant portion of our political discussion and though there remain many unresolved racial issues in this nation, we average Americans simply do not talk enough with each other about race," the first black U.S. Attorney General proclaimed.[38] The speech stirred mild controversy, with some reacting favorably to Holder’s comments[39] and others sharply criticizing them.[40] Obama rebuked Holder’s comments, saying that “I think it’s fair to say that if I had been advising my attorney general, we would have used different language”.[41] When questioned about weapons regulations during a news conference to announce the arrest of Mexican drug cartel members, Holder stated that the Obama administration would seek to reinstitute the expired Assault Weapons Ban,[42] which he strongly supports.[43] After the U.S. government filed suit against the Swiss bank UBS AG, whom Holder had represented during his time in private practice,[44] the attorney general recused himself from all legal matters concerning the bank,[45] which stands accused of conspiracy in U.S. tax fraud. Nonetheless, Holder met with Swiss Minister of Justice Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf on March 2, 2009, in the midst of the investigation. On April 1, 2009; Holder announced that he had ordered the dismissal of the indictment against former Senator Ted Stevens on corruption charges. Stevens had been found guilty, but hadn’t been sentenced; Holder’s action will effectively vacate Stevens’ conviction. Holder was reportedly very angry that the prosecutors had withheld potentially exculpatory evidence from Stevens’ attorneys. After the prosecutors had been held in contempt of court for failing to turn over required documents, Holder replaced the entire trial team. Soon afterward, the Justice Department discovered a previously undocumented interview with Bill Allen, the prosecution’s star witness. In this interview, Allen gave statements that directly contradicted his testimony at trial, including a claim that he’d been asked to get a note for a repair bill on his house. By nearly all accounts, Holder wanted to send a message that he would not

Attorney General
In late 2007, Holder joined then-United States Senator Barack Obama’s presidential campaign as a senior legal advisor. He served on Obama’s vice presidential selection committee.[11] Holder favors closing the Guantanamo Bay detention camp,[28] although he has said that the detainees are not technically entitled to Geneva convention protections.[29] He is opposed to the Bush administration’s implementation of the Patriot Act, saying it is "bad ultimately for law enforcement and will cost us the support of the American people."[30][31] He has been critical of Enhanced interrogation techniques and the NSA warrantless surveillance program, accusing the Bush administration of a "disrespect for the rule of law... [that is] not only wrong, it is destructive in our struggle against terrorism."[32] On December 1, 2008, Obama announced that Holder would be his nominee for Attorney General.[33][34] He was formally nominated on January 20, 2009[35] and approved by the Senate Judiciary Committee on January 28.[36] Following his confirmation by the full Senate on February 2, 2009, he became the first African-American Attorney General of the United States. His installation took place on March 27, 2009 at the Lisner Auditorium of the George Washington University. During his confirmation hearings in the Senate, Holder agreed with Senator Patrick Leahy, Democrat of Vermont, that a technique used by U.S. interrogators under the Bush administration known as waterboarding is torture.[37] Holder was confirmed by a 75-21 vote on February 2, 2009.[2] Attorney General Holder gave a speech on race relations on February 18, 2009, in the


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
tolerate any behavior he deemed to be prosecutorial misconduct.[46] Holder presented friend and predecessor Janet Reno, Attorney General under the Clinton Administration, the American Judicature Society’s Justice Award on April 17, 2009. The award is the highest given by the AJS, and recognizes significant contributions toward improvements in the administration of justice within the United States.[47]

Eric Holder

Personal life
Holder is married to Dr. Sharon Malone, an obstetrician; the couple have three children.[48] Malone’s sister was Vivian Malone Jones, famous for her part in integrating the University of Alabama.[49] Holder is also a member of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorporated, the first African American Intercollegiate Fraternity.

[1] "USDOJ: Office of the Attorney General". US Department of Justice. February 12, 2009. Retrieved on February 12, 2009. [2] ^ Barrett, Devlin (February 2, 2009). "On Day 1, Holder promises break with Bush policies". Associated Press. holder_confirmation. Retrieved on February 2, 2009. [3] ^ Johnston, David (November 11, 2008). "Eric H. Holder, Jr." (Series). The New Team (The New York Times). timestopics/people/h/eric_h_holder_jr/ index.html. Retrieved on November 19, 2008. [4] Best, Tony (November 16, 2008). "Obama’s AG may be Bajan". Local News (Barbados: Nation Newspaper). 347652135987365.php. Retrieved on November 18, 2008. [5] Johnston, David. "Eric H. Holder Jr.". The New York Times. politics/11web-holder.html. Retrieved on 2009-01-31. [6] "Social Security Death Index [database on-line"]. United States: The Generations Network. Retrieved on November 19, 2008.

[7] ^ Best, Tony (June 8, 2008). "Obama getting help from Bajan son". Local News (Barbados: Nation Newspaper). 345695006876384.php. Retrieved on November 11, 2008. [8] ^ Longstreth, Andrew (June 2008). "Making History With Obama" (Cover Story). Making History. The American Lawyer. article.jsp?id=1202421950304. Retrieved on November 18, 2008. [9] Tucker-Hamilton, Racine; Hickey, Matthew (December 17, 2004). "Interview with Eric H. Holder, Jr." (Interview). Oral history project (The History Makers). programs/dvl/files/Holder_Ericf.html. Retrieved on November 18, 2008. [10] ^ Lewis, Neil A. (June 2, 1994). "Indictment of a Congressman: the Legal Case; Prosecutor No Stranger To Corruption in Politics" (Article). U.S. (The New York Times). fullpage.html?res=9C04E2D9113BF931A35755C0A9 Retrieved on November 19, 2008. [11] ^ Memmott, A. James (June 5, 2008). "Obama picks Caroline Kennedy, Holder, Johnson to lead Vice-Presidential candidate search". Muckety. obama-picks-caroline-kennedy-ericholder-to-join-johnson-in-vp-search/3221. Retrieved on June 29, 2008. [12] "Nominee Confirmed For Deputy Position At the Justice Dept.". Archives. The New York Times. July 18, 1997. fullpage.html?res=9404E7DB1F38F93BA25754C0A9 Retrieved on November 15, 2008. [13] Lewis, Neil A. (June 14, 1997). "Justice Dept. Nominee Faces Questions but No Strong Opposition" (Article). U.S.. The New York Times. fullpage.html?res=950CE3DA153FF937A25755C0A9 Retrieved on November 18, 2008. [14] "Ashcroft Settles In". Politics. CBS News. February 2, 2001. 01/29/politics/ main267937.shtml?source=search_story. Retrieved on June 29, 2008.


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Eric Holder

[15] Nast Portfolio. 2009/01/16/holder/index.html news-markets/international-news/ [16] "Marc Rich Pardon: Former Deputy portfolio/2007/09/17/Chiquita-DeathAttorney General Eric Holder Begins Squads. Retrieved on November 14, Testimony" (Transcript). Special Event 2008. (CNN). February 8, 2001. [24] Fusco, Chris (December 17, 2008). "Holder omitted Blagojevich link from TRANSCRIPTS/0102/08/se.11.html. questionnaire" (Article). Metro. The Retrieved on November 18, 2008. Chicago Sun-Times. [17] "Marc Rich Pardon: Former Deputy Attorney General Eric Holder Testifies blagojevich/1334978,CST-NWSBefore Senate Judiciary Committee" holder17web.article. Retrieved on (Transcript). Special Event (CNN). December 17. 2008. February 14, 2001. [25] "Brief for Former Department of Justice Officials as Amici Curiae Supporting TRANSCRIPTS/0102/14/se.05.html. Petitioners". American Bar Association. Retrieved on November 18, 2008. [18] Cowan, Alison Leigh (March 13, 2002). briefs/pdfs/07-08/ "Marc Rich Panel Says Top Justice Dept. 07-290_PetitionerAmCuFmrDOJOfficials.pdf. Aide Held Information on Rich’s Pardon" [26] Nakamura, David; Barnes, Robert (Article). U.S.. The New York Times. (March 10, 2007). "D.C.’s Ban On Handguns In Homes Is Thrown Out" fullpage.html?res=9D06E3DB1239F930A25750C0A9649C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all. (Article). Metro: Special Reports (The Retrieved on November 18, 2008. Washington Post): p. A01. [19] Yost, Pete (November 19, 2008). "Marc Rich pardon controversy just won’t die" content/article/2007/03/09/ (Article). Google News. Associated Press. AR2007030902416_pf.html. Retrieved on November 19, 2008. article/ [27] Naff, Kevin (2008-08-01). "Who killed ALeqM5gEyF67-07z6eTT7dB941ggvWQgrAD94IAGIO1. Wone? Two years later, too many Robert Retrieved on December 17, 2008. questions remain in murder of local [20] Mahoney, Edmund H. (December 28, attorney". Washington Blade. 2008). "Clinton-Era Sentence Reductions Could Trip Holder’s Confirmation". The view/editorial/13010.cfm. Retrieved on Hartford Courant. 2009-04-09. "Kathy Wone held a news conference with her then-attorney, Eric hc-holder1228.artdec28,0,683127.story. Holder" Retrieved on January 6, 2009. [28] Tapper, Jake (November 18, 2008). [21] Hook, Carol S. (November 19, 2008). "10 "Holder v Bush on War on Terror Things You Didn’t Know About Eric Tactics" (Blog). Political Punch (ABC Holder" (Article). Nation & World: News). Politics. U.S. News & World Report. politicalpunch/2008/11/holder-v-bush o.html. Retrieved on November 23, politics/2008/11/19/10-things-you-didnt2008. know-about-eric-holder.html. Retrieved [29] CFR Profile of Eric Holder on November 23, 2008. [30] "White House, Woodward Clash Over [22] Leonnig, Carol D. (2 August 2 2007). "In Allegations of Oil Price Fixing With Terrorism-Law Case, Chiquita Points to Saudis, Critics Find Fault with Patriot U.S.". Politics: Bush Administration (The Act" (Transcript). Judy Woodruff’s Inside Washington Post): p. A01. Politics (CNN). April 19, 2004. content/article/2007/08/01/ TRANSCRIPTS/0404/19/ip.00.html. AR2007080102601.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on November 19, 2008. November 14, 2008. [31] Greenwald, Glenn (November 19, 2008). [23] ^ Gray, Kevin (October 2007). "The "Preliminary facts and thoughts about Banana War". International News. Condé Eric Holder" (Blog). Glenn Greenwald’s


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Eric Holder

Unclaimed Territory ( 26/politics/politicalhotsheet/ entry4831751.shtml. greenwald/2008/11/19/holder/index.html. [43] Lang, Lang (February 26, 2009). "Holder Retrieved on November 19, 2008. Revives Talk Of An Assault Weapons [32] Tuohey, Jason (November 18, 2008). Ban". CBS News. "Holder on Bush, executive power" (Article). News (Boston Globe). 26/politics/politicalhotsheet/ entry4831751.shtml. Retrieved on May politicalintelligence/2008/11/ 5, 2009. holder_on_bush.html. Retrieved on [44] "UBS bank listed among Holder exNovember 18, 2008. clients". The Seattle Times. January 27, [33] (December 1, 2008). "Key 2009. members of Obama-Biden national html/politics/ security team announced" (Press 2008676224_apholderbank.html?syndication=rss. release). Newsroom. Office of the [45] Mikkelsen, Randall (March 2, 2009). President-elect. "U.S., Swiss justice officials meet amid newsroom/entry/ UBS probe". Reuters. key_members_of_obama_biden_national_security_team_announced/. Retrieved on December 1, 2008. marketsNews/ [34] Rhee, Foon (December 1, 2008). "Obama idUSWBT01077020090302. names national security team" (Article). [46] Totenberg, Nina (1 April 2009). "Justice News (Boston Globe). Dept. Seeks To Void Stevens’ Conviction". NPR. politicalintelligence/2008/12/ templates/story/ obama_names_nat.html. Retrieved on story.php?storyId=102589818. Retrieved December 1, 2008. on 1 April 2009. [35] Presidential Nomination PN64-07-111, [47] "Holder to Present Reno with AJS’s 111th Congress, January 20, 2009 Justice Award" Palazzolo, Joe. The [36] Judiciary Panel Approves Holder’s BLT:The Blog of Legal Times. April 17, Nomination, New York Times, January 2009. Retrieved April 18, 2009. 28, 2009. [48] "Eric H. Holder Jr.". Biographies. [37] Holder: "Waterboarding is torture" Covington & Burling LLP. June 15, 2008. [38] "Remarks as Prepared for Delivery by Retrieved Attorney General Eric Holder at the on November 18, 2008. Department of Justice African American [49] Holley, Joe (October 14, 2005). "Vivian History Month Program". February 18, Malone Jones Dies; Integrated U-Ala." 2009. (Obituaries). Metro (The Washington 2009/agPost). speech-090218.html?loc=interstitialskip. wp-dyn/content/article/2005/10/13/ [39] Mitchell, Mary (February 19, 2009). AR2005101302032.html. Retrieved on "Attorney General Eric Holder’s race November 19, 2008. speech stirs debate". 02/attorney_general_eric_holders.html. • "Black U.S. Attorney Brings an Indictment [40] Hornick, Ed (February 19, 2009). Against Powerful House Committee "Holder ’nation of cowards’ remarks Chairman". Jet ( June blasted, praised". 20, 1994. 2009/POLITICS/02/19/holder.folo/. mi_m1355/is_n7_v86/ai_15480292. [41] Cooper, Helene (March 7, 2009). Retrieved on July 1, 2008. "Attorney General Chided for Language • Crabtree, Susan (April 28, 1997). "A New on Race". Sheriff at Justice". Insight on the News. 03/08/us/politics/08race.html. [42] "Holder Revives Talk Of An Assault p/articles/mi_m1571/is_n15_v13/ Weapons Ban". February 26, 2009. ai_19340518. Retrieved on July 1, 2008.

Further reading


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Legal offices Preceded by Michael Mukasey Preceded by Janet Reno Attorney General of the United States 2009 – present Attorney General of the United States Acting 2001 Deputy Attorney General of the United States 1997 – 2001 United States order of precedence Attorney General United States Presidential Line of Succession 7th in line • Haywood, Richette L. (September 1994). "First Black U.S. Attorney in D.C.". Ebony ( p/articles/mi_m1077/is_n11_v49/ ai_15837298. Retrieved on July 1, 2008. • Longstreth, Andrew (June 2008). "Making History". The American Lawyer. PubArticleTAL.jsp?id=1202421743636. Retrieved on November 18, 2008. • Randolph, Laura B. (January 1999). "Power Couples". Ebony ( p/articles/mi_m1077/is_3_54/ai_53475509. Retrieved on July 1, 2008. • Lichtblau, Eric; David Johnston (December 1, 2008). "Pardon Is Back in Focus for the Justice Nominee". The New York Times. Succeeded by Incumbent Succeeded by John Ashcroft

Eric Holder

Preceded by Jamie Gorelick

Succeeded by Larry Thompson

Order of precedence in the United States of America Preceded by Robert Gates Secretary of Defense Succeeded by Ken Salazar Secretary of the Interior

politics/02holder.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-02.

External links
• Official website • Justice Department Bio of Holder at the Internet Archive • • Columbia University • Covington & Burling • The History Makers • Homeland Security Policy Institute • Eric Holder’s federal campaign contribution report • Holder Speech at Department of Justice African American History Month Program Feb. 18, 2009

Retrieved from "" Categories: 1951 births, Living people, African American lawyers, African American politicians, Barbadian Americans, Columbia Law School alumni, Deputy Attorneys General of the United States, Obama Administration cabinet members, People from the Bronx, Stuyvesant High School alumni, United States Attorneys for the District of Columbia, United States Attorneys General This page was last modified on 19 May 2009, at 00:54 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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