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					From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Presidential candidate Gene Amondson Chuck Baldwin (campaign) Bob Barr (campaign) Róger Calero Charles Jay Alan Keyes (campaign) Gloria La Riva John McCain (campaign) Frank McEnulty Cynthia McKinney (campaign) Brian Moore Party Prohibition Constitution Libertarian[1] Socialist Workers Boston Tea America’s Independent Party Socialism & Liberation Republican New American Independent Green Socialist, Liberty Union Running mate Campaign site Leroy Pletten geneamondson.com Darrell Castle baldwin2008.com Wayne Allyn Root Alyson Kennedy Thomas L. Knapp Brian Rohrbough Sarah Palin David Mangan Rosa Clemente Stewart Alexander CJ08.com alankeyes.com bobbarr2008.com

Eugene Puryear votepsl.org johnmccain.com frankforpresident.org votetruth08.com votesocialist2008.org

Ralph Nader (campaign) Independent, Peace and Freedom Barack Obama (campaign) Ron Paul (campaign) Democratic Louisiana Taxpayers Party[2] Constitution Party of Montana[3] Objectivist Reform

Matt Gonzalez votenader.org Joe Biden Barry Goldwater, Jr. Michael Peroutka Frank McEnulty barackobama.com ronpaul2008.com

Thomas Stevens Ted Weill

This article compares the presidential candidates in the United States’ 2008 presidential election. It does not cover previous elections. Because of ballot access restrictions in the United States, not all candidates appeared on the ballots in all states.

U.S. Electoral College are marked in bold. Candidates who are known to have appeared on at least two states’ ballots are marked in italic.

Biographical data Economic issues
1

Candidates
Those who were on the ballot in enough states to theoretically win a majority in the

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain Gender Age Party Male 72 Republican Party Barack Obama Male 47 Democratic Party

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Ralph Nader Bob Barr Male 74 Independent Male 59 Libertarian Party
Republican Party (former)

Chuck Baldwin Male 56

Cynthia McKinne Female 53

Constitution Green Par Party Democratic
Republican Party (former) (former)

Profession

U.S. Senator, U.S. Congressman, Businessman Naval Aviator

U.S. Senator, Attorney, Professor of Constitutional Law[4] B.A. Columbia University (Political Science, International Relations) 1983[5]

Consumer ad- Former U.S. Pastor, synvocate, Congressman, dicated lobbyist United States columnist Attorney, CIA and radio employee host B.A. Princeton University (East Asian Studies, International Relations) 1955 L.L.B. Harvard Law (1958) B.A. University B.A. Liberty of Southern University California (International Relations) 1970

Former U Congressw high scho teacher, a lege profe

Undergraduate B.S. United States Naval education Academy (The Naval Academy had a fixed curriculum and did not allow Midshipmen to pick a major) Graduate education National War College

B.A. Unive of Souther fornia (Int tional Rela

J.D. Harvard Law (1991)

M.A. George Washington University (International Relations) (1972), J.D. Georgetown University Law Center (1977)

Master’s Degree in Theology Christian Bible College

M.A. Fletc School of and Diplo at Tufts University (1982?); d matic fello Spelman C (1984); a student at University California Berkeley

States/Countries lived in

Arizona, Florida, Panama Canal Zone, North Vietnam, Washington, D.C.

California, Hawaii, Illinois, Indonesia, Massachusetts, New York, Washington, D.C. U.S. Senator (2005-2008)

Connecticut, Washington, D.C.

California, Ge- Indiana, orgia, Iowa, Florida, Lima, Peru, Virginia Tehran, Iran, Washington, D.C.

Georgia, California

Last political office

U.S. Senator (1987-present)

None

U.S. Congress- None man (1995-2003) Region 4 Representative for the Libertarian National

U.S. Cong woman (1993-200 2005-2007

Other political United States Congressman experience (1982-1986)

Illinois State Senator (1996-2004)

Consultant to Department of Labor (1964)

Florida Member o Chairman of Georgia H Moral Maof jority

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Committee (2006-2008), National Rifle Association Board Member,

(1980-1984), Represent 2004 Consti- (1988-199 tution Party Vice Presidential nominee None None

U.S. Senate committee memberships

Armed Services Committee; (Chairman of the) Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee; (Chairman of the) Indian Affairs Committee; Committee on POW/MIA Affairs Committee on the Judiciary, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, Committee on Financial Services

Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, Foreign Relations; Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs; Veterans’ Affairs[6]

Advised auto safety subcommittee (1964)

None

U.S. House committee memberships

None

None

Committee on None the Judiciary, Government Reform Committee, Committee on Financial Services, Committee on Veteran’s Affairs

Committe Interior A Committe Armed Se Subcomm on Militar sonnel; Su mittee on rorism an conventio Threats, C mittee on Budget

Management/ Corporate experience

Vice President of Public Relations for Hensley & Co.

President of None the Harvard Law Review; Junior editor for Business International Corporation; Associate Lawyer of Davis, Miner, Barnhill & Galland Lecturer in Constitutional Law at the University of Chicago Law School (1993-2004) Professor of History and Government (University of Hartford)

President of the Southeastern Legal Foundation

Founded/ lead Crossroad Baptist Church, Pensacola (1975-)

Teaching experience

Gave the 114th Landon Lecture on March 15, 1999 at Kansas State[7]

Adjunct professor teaching "Privacy and Public Policy in 21st Century Business and Society" at Kennesaw State

Pastor of Crossroad Baptist Church, Pensacola (1975-)

Earth Day turer at C (2008)

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
University (2008)

Armed Forces experience

(1958-1981) None Midshipman, US Naval Academy; Naval Aviator; Prisoner of War; Commander; Commanding Officer, VA-174 "Hellrazors" Silver Star, Le- None gion of Merit, Bronze Star, Distinguished Flying Cross, Navy Commendation Medal and the National Order of Vietnam from South Vietnam $23–36 million (USD)[8] Cindy Hensley McCain (m. 1980) $1-3 million (USD)[9] Michelle Obama (m. 1992)

US Army (1959)

None

None

Armed Forces awards

None

None

None

Net worth (with spouse) Spouse

$4 million (USD)[10] None Jeri Barr (m. 1986) None

$50,000 (USD)[11] Connie Cole None Baldwin (m. 1973) n/a

Spouse’s undergraduate education Spouse’s graduate education

B.A. in EducaPrinceton tion, University University of Southern California M.A. in Special Education, University of Southern California High School Teacher, Businessperson, Philanthropist Harvard Law School

n/a

n/a

None

n/a

Spouse’s profession

Attorney, Executive

n/a

Numerous positions in Cobb, Georgia

n/a

Tax policy
The third party candidates’ tax plans were not studied by mainstream media outlets and the Tax Policy Center. Chuck Baldwin supports replacing the income tax with a 10% across-the-board tariff on imported goods.[17] Bob Barr supports replacing the income tax with a consumption tax (the FairTax). The details of his exact plan are not known but consumption taxes tend to be regressive unless

accompanied by a negative income tax for the poor to offset necessary expenditures.[18] Cynthia McKinney supports sharply progressive taxation, with higher taxes for the rich and a tax cut for the middle class.[19]

Financial crisis and bailout
Further information: Economic crisis of 2008 and Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008

Projected Federal income tax changes in 2009 assuming all tax proposals were adopted by congress and the budget remains the same. Yellow is for the projected tax change most favorable to people in that income bracket. John McCain Income Over $2.9M $603K and up $227K-$603K $161K-$227K $112K-$161K $66K-$112K $38K-$66K $19K-$38K Under $19K Average tax bill -$269,364 -$45,361 -$7,871 -$4,380 -$2,614 -$1,009 -$319 -$113 -$19 Barack Obama Average tax bill +$701,885 +$115,974 +$12 -$2,789 -$2,204 -$1,290 -$1,042 -$892 -$567

CNN,[12][13] Tax Policy Center,[14] BarackObama.com,[15] and JohnMcCain.com[16]

Trade
Further information: Free trade and United States free trade agreements

Monetary policy
Further information: Federal Reserve System and Monetary policy

Health care
Further information: Health care in the United States

NASA and space exploration
Further information: NASA

Taxation and budget deficit
See also: United States federal budget and Taxation in the United States

Foreign policy
Arab-Israeli conflict
Further information: Arab–Israeli conflict and Israel

Social Security
Further information: Social Security debate (United States)

Iraq
Further information: Iraq and Iraq War

Network neutrality
Further information: Network neutrality and Network neutrality in the United States

Iran
Further information: Iran and Iran–United States relations

Lobbying
Further information: Lobbying in the United States

Darfur
Further information: Darfur and War in Darfur

Transportation
Further information: Transportation in the United States

Nuclear weapons
Further information: Nuclear weapons and the United States and Nuclear warfare

Labor
Further information: Labour economics and Labor unions in the United States

5

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain Supported bailout Bob Barr Opposed Barr will seek to limit policies that permit political interference in the economy in favor of the exercise of a freemarket economic model. This would include: formally and clearly end the bailouts which promote private economic retrenchment and corporate work-outs; limiting powers of the government to place sustained federal pressure to increase mortgage lending, through Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae; amending or revoking the Community Reinvestment Act; limiting the ability of the Federal Reserve to manipulate the currency for political purposes; Ensuring enforcement of the SEC regulations to insure solvency and transparency in the operation of major investment firms; Permanently lowering tax rates and simplifying taxes to more effectively reinforce longterm plans for hiring, inventory and production; cutting environmental rules such as Corporate Average Fuel Economy standards on vehicles; initiating a detailed audit of federal rules, relaxing or eliminating any regulations for which costs outweigh benefits; reducing penalties on people for delayed tax payments and premature withdrawals from IRAs; ending nonessential federal spending, particularly frivolous special interest outlays; Over the longer term, evaluate, plan, and implement for future federal liabilities and obligations—FDIC bank guarantees, Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation promises, Social Security and Medicare liabilities, and more. [21] bailout.[20]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Supported bailout Cynthia McKinney Opposed $700 billion bailout to Wall Street. Instead offered 14-point proposal including: a moratorium on foreclosures; elimination of all ARM mortgages and their renegotiation into 30- or 40-year loans; establishment of new mortgage lending practices to end predatory and discriminatory practices; establishment of criteria and construction goals for affordable housing; redefinition of credit and regulation of the credit industry so that discriminatory practices are completely eliminated; full funding for initiatives that eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in home ownership; recognition of shelter as a right according to the UN Declaration of Human Rights; target funds to cushion job loss and provide for retraining of those at the bottom of the income scale as the economy transitions; close all tax loopholes and repeal of the Bush tax cuts for the top 1% of income earners; fairly tax corporations, denying federal subsidies to those who relocate jobs overseas repeal NAFTA; appoint former Comptroller General David Walker to fully audit all recipients of taxpayer cash infusions, including JP Morgan, Bear Stearns, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and AIG, and to monitor their trading activities into the future; eliminate all derivatives trading; nationalize the Federal Reserve and establish a federally-owned, public banking system that makes credit available for small businesses, homeowners, manufacturing operations, renewable energy and infrastructure investments; and criminally prosecute any activities that violated the law, including conflicts of interest that led to the current crisis.[22] Ralph Nader Ralph Nader opposed the bailout, suggesting that derivatives transactions be taxed instead.[25]

Chuck Baldwin Opposed bailout.[23][24]

North Korea
Further information: North Korea, Nuclear program of North Korea, and North Korea–United States relations

Extrajudicial prisoners
See also: Guantanamo Bay camp and Unlawful combatant detention

Pakistan
Further information: Pakistan Pakistan–United States relations and

Armenian genocide
Further information: Armenian Genocide

6

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain McCain is a strong proponent of free trade.[26] He supports the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the existing General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and U.S. participation in the World Trade Organization (WTO).[26] He opposes including labor and environmental conditions to trade agreements.[26]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama supports expanding trade only if the United States’ trade partners place labor and environmental standards on their industries to "level the playing field" for American interests. If elected President, Obama plans to renegotiate NAFTA to include stricter labor and environmental standards for Canada and Mexico. He has criticized the current agreement for not including such standards, and he also voted against and criticized the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) for similar reasons.[27] Cynthia McKinney McKinney stresses enacting laws on US corporations to keep labor standards high at home and raise them abroad. She would repeal NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), CAFTA, the Caribbean FTA, and US-Peru FTA. She opposes the guest-worker program as riddled with abuses; supports justice for immigrant workers, and immigrant reform that includes amnesty and a path to legalization for undocumented people who have been living and working in the US for years.[31] Ralph Nader Nader views NAFTA and the WTO as subverting national regulatory agencies. He blames them for diminishing standards of living (i.e. race to the bottom). Nader supports a constitutional amendment asserting the "sovereignty of people over the power of corporations."[32]

Chuck Baldwin Baldwin would lead the US out of the North American and the Central America Free Trade Agreements.[28] He would impose a revenue tariff.[29]

Bob Barr Barr’s campaign site states that America "should encourage private involvement around the world, particularly through free trade. The most effective way to preserve peace is through an expanding free market, backed by a full range of cultural and other private relationships".[30]

China
Further information: China and People’s Republic of China–United States relations

The environment
Further information: Environmental issues in the United States

Foreign aid
See also: Foreign policy of the United States

Energy
Further information: Energy in the United States

Georgia
Further information: Georgia (country) and 2008 South Ossetia war

Domestic issues
Judiciary
Further information: Courts of the United States and Supreme Court of the United States

United Nations
Further information: United Nations and United States and the United Nations

Energy and environmental issues
7

Same-sex marriage

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain McCain favors tax credits of up to $5,000 for families that purchase health insurance.[33] "We do not believe in coercion and the use of state power to mandate care, coverage or costs."[33]His plan would reduce the number of uninsured by 1 million by 2009 and 5 million by 2013, while raising the national debt by $1.3 trillion over 10 years, according to one estimate.[34] Chuck Baldwin Believes in supplying better health care to America’s veterans.[28] Supports freedom of choice, opposes compulsory vaccination.[29] Bob Barr Wants to cut costs by reducing controls and regulations. Believes Medicare and Medicaid are financially unstable, and "need to be transformed to emphasize patient choice, focus on the truly needy, and add cost-saving incentives."[37]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama’s health care plan includes implementing guaranteed eligibility for affordable health care for all Americans.[35] His plan would reduce the number of uninsured by 18 million by 2009 and 34 million by 2018, covering nearly all children, while raising the national debt by $1.6 trillion over 10 years, according to one estimate.[36]

Cynthia McKinney Co-sponsored every bill in Congress to create a system of universal health care under a single payer model. Opposes forced, coerced, or uninformed medication and sterilization; believes Americans should be able to purchase drugs from other countries if the price is cheaper, and the U.S. should negotiate with drug companies to provide cheaper drugs for all U.S. residents. [38]

Ralph Nader Nader supports a universal single-payer health care system and full Medicare for everyone.[39]

Abortion
See also: Roe v. Wade and Abortion in the United States

Patriot Act
Further information: USA PATRIOT Act

Gun control
Further information: Gun politics in the United States

See also
• Democratic Party (United States) presidential candidates, 2008 • Republican Party (United States) presidential candidates, 2008 • Third party (United States) presidential candidates, 2008 • Political positions of John McCain • Political positions of Barack Obama • Political positions of Joe Biden • Political positions of Sarah Palin • Political positions of Cynthia McKinney • Political positions of Bob Barr • United States federal budget

Death penalty
Further information: Capital punishment in the United States

Immigration
Further information: Immigration to the United States

Racial justice Federal funding for embryonic stem cell research
Further information: Stem cell controversy

References
[1] George Phillies and Chris Bennett may be on the ballot for the Libertarian Party in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. [2] Winger, Richard (2008-09-04). "Louisiana Asked to Print Ron Paul on Ballot as Presidential Candidate". Ballot Access News. http://www.ballot-

Education
Further information: Education in the United States and No Child Left Behind

8

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain While McCain has historically favored deficit reduction over tax cuts,[40][41] he has pledged not to rescind recent tax cuts in combination with reduced spending.[42][43][44] McCain believes that lower taxes will stimulate the economy, and that the current deficit owes more to overspending than to tax cuts.[45] McCain plans to balance the budget by the end of his first term.[43]According to the Tax Policy Center, McCain’s tax plans (by extending the Bush tax cuts and cutting corporate tax rates from 35% to 25% to increase investment, among other measures), would increase the national debt by nearly $5 trillion over 10 years, a nearly 50% increase.[34] Chuck Baldwin Baldwin would work to repeal the Sixteenth Amendment (income tax), inheritance taxes, and property taxes. "We are bankrupting our country with this incessant and burdensome tax system."[28] Bob Barr Barr supports repealing the Sixteenth Amendment and mentions the Fair Tax as a possible alternative. "Meaningful tax reform begins with reining in government spending."[47] Barack Obama

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008

Obama advocates responding to the "precarious budget situation" by eliminating "tax credits that have outlived their usefulness", closing corporate tax loopholes, and restoring the PAYGO policy that prohibits increases in federal spending without a way to compensate for the lost revenue.[46] Obama proposes extending the Bush tax cuts for low- and middle-income families, while letting taxes go back up for individuals earning over $200,000 or couples earning over $250,000. According to the Tax Policy Center this plan would increase the national debt by $3.5 trillion over 10 years, a nearly 35% increase.[34]

Cynthia McKinney Would repeal Bush tax cuts for top 1% of income earners; close tax loopholes; tax corporations more; and deny federal subsidies to those who relocate jobs overseas. Proposes to regain control of the monetary system and respond to the current economic crisis, by steps that include a moratorium on foreclosures; elimination of all ARM mortgages and their renegotiation into 30- or 40-year loans; establishment of new mortgage lending practices to end predatory and discriminatory practices; funds targeted at cushioning job loss and retraining of those at the bottom of the income scale as the economy transitions; appointment of former Comptroller General David Walker to fully audit all recipients of taxpayer cash infusions, including JP Morgan, Bear Stearns, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and AIG, and to monitor their trading activities into the future; elimination of all derivatives trading; nationalization of the Federal Reserve and the establishment of a federally-owned, public banking system that makes credit available for small businesses, homeowners, manufacturing operations, renewable energy, and infrastructure investments; criminal prosecution of any

Ralph Nader Nader opposes corporate welfare and seeks to end corporate loopholes, exemptions, credits, accelerated depreciation schedules, deductions, and targeted exceptions.[49] He would balance the national budget by cutting military spending by $100 billion, or about a fifth, and through sharply progressive taxation.[50]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
conflicts of interest that led to the current crisis.[48]

John McCain In June 1999, McCain said "The only way to increase the yield on Social Security dollars is by allowing workers to make investment decisions for themselves; by empowering American families to invest, in most robust portfolios, a portion of their earnings for Social Security that they would otherwise pay in taxes to Social Security."[51] In January 2000, he repeated his strong support for creating private Social Security accounts.[52]Partial privatization, or diverting payroll taxes to private accounts, would reduce available funds for current retirees significantly, requiring large debt increases to cover the transition.[53] Chuck Baldwin Phase out Social Security.[29] Bob Barr Social security is not sustainable.[55] Social Security should be changed to an "individualized system of private accounts."[56]

Barack Obama Obama has said that Social Security’s funding problem is "real but manageable." He has proposed to fund Social Security by applying payroll taxes to individual income above $250,000 per year, and says that these highincome earners should "pay their fair share." When asked if he would consider raising the retirement age or cutting benefits, Obama did not rule these approaches out entirely, saying, "everything should be on the table." However, he has said that he would not push for either of those approaches, and says that an increase in tax revenue is necessary to stabilize the system. Obama opposes adding personal accounts to Social Security.[54] Cynthia McKinney McKinney strongly opposes privatizing Social Security, and recognizes cuts disproportionately harm women. [57] She believes tax payments on benefits should be reduced, and benefits increased.[57] Ralph Nader Nader views Social Security as "government as it should work -- a coming together of society to ensure that we, as a community, take care of each other as we age or suffer from disabilities."[58] Nader opposes a privatized system that would replace "systemic tranquility with an enforced anxiety". He says people are already able to take risk in the stock market through IRAs, 401Ks and other tax-subsidized private retirement devices.[58]

access.org/2008/09/04/louisiana-askedto-print-ron-paul-on-ballot-aspresidential-candidate/. Retrieved on 2008-09-08. "On September 4, a slate of presidential electors was filed at the Louisiana Secretary of State’s office, in person. The electors are pledged to Ron Paul for president, and former Congressman Barry Goldwater, Jr., for vice-president. The partisan label for this slate is "Louisiana Taxpayers Party." The filing, and the $500 was accepted" [3] Winger, Richard (2008-09-05). "Montana Constitution Party Submits Presidential

Electors Pledged to Ron Paul and Michael Peroutka". Ballot Access News. http://www.ballot-access.org/2008/09/05/ montana-constitution-party-submitspresidential-electors-pledged-to-ron-pauland-michael-peroutka/. Retrieved on 2008-09-22. [4] "Was Barack Obama really a constitutional law professor". http://www.factcheck.org/askfactcheck/ was_barack_obama_really_a_constitutional_law.html. [5] "OBAMA, Barack - Biographical Information".

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain McCain is against government regulation of network neutrality unless evidence of abuse exists. He is quoted in May 2007 as saying, "let’s see how this thing all turns out, rather than anticipate a problem that so far has not arisen in any significant way,"[59] and, "When you control the pipe you should be able to get profit from your investment."[60][61] Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama is "a strong supporter of Net neutrality," saying that regulations are required to prevent the telecom companies from changing "the internet as we know it." Promoting net neutrality would be a priority in his first year as president.[62]

Cynthia McKinney In June, 2006 McKinney voted for network neutrality.[63]

Ralph Nader Strongly supports net neutrality.[64]

John McCain McCain does not allow his staffers to hold positions as lobbyists.[65]

Barack Obama Obama does not take contributions from federally registered lobbyists or PACs, though he does accept money from non-federal lobbyists and unregistered lobbyists.[65] Cynthia Ralph Nader McKinney At the beginning of his campaign, Nader stated that he "will receive no money from commercial interests, no money from political action committees, only from individuals."[39] He sees Washington D.C. as "corporate-occupied territory, every department agency controlled by overwhelming presence of corporate lobbyists, corporate executives in high government positions."[39] He supports public financing of campaigns and free TV and radio time for ballot qualified candidates.[66]

Chuck Baldwin

Bob Barr

John McCain McCain is opposed to federal funding of Amtrak. He considers it to be a "pork barrel project", particularly as far as longer distance trains are concerned.[67][68] He has also argued for more stringent safety standards with respect to cars.[69] Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr

Barack Obama

Cynthia McKinney Supports increased funding for public transit using alternative fuel technologies.[70]

Ralph Nader Nader was instrumental in the unanimous passage of the 1966 National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act.[71]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain John McCain voted for the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 which granted workers the right to take 12 weeks of unpaid leave for family medical reasons without being penalized by their employer. McCain sponsored the Family Friendly Workplace Act which sought to allow employers to provide more flexible work schedules to help balance work and family.[72] Chuck Baldwin Impose a revenue tariff on all foreign goods to keep jobs in America.[29]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama

Bob Cynthia McKinney Barr Wants to repeal the anti-union Taft-Hartley Act.[73] Supports full employment and a living wage for all workers. Supports justice for immigrant workers, and opposes guest-worker programs as riddled with abuses.[74] Opposes ’free trade’ agreements and unelected international trade authorities (NAFTA, CAFTA, WTO, GATT, ’Fast Track’, etc.) that give corporate power and profit priority over labor rights and environmental protections; McKinney has voted against these agreements and advocates withdrawal. Human rights protections and amnesty for undocumented immigrants, an end to raids, and tearing down the border wall; believes the flood of new immigrants is a result of economic policies and agreements (e.g., NAFTA) that impoverish people and drive them across borders, and that immigration should be addressed by fixing these policies while ensuring worker rights and right to organize. Favors a strong safety net for middleand low-income working people and families, with support for Main Street (small businesses and local economies) instead of Wall Street, and a massive transfer of federal funding from military contract

Ralph Nader Nader promises to repeal the Taft-Hartley Act.[39] He supports an increase in the minimum wage to $10 an hour to give lowwage workers "a fair return for their work".[76][77] Nader supports family farms and opposes large agribusiness.[78] He is credited with helping pass the Mine Health and Safety Act (1977), Whistleblower Protection Act (1989), and OSHA (1970) all three are fundamental to modern labor protection.[71]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
and war spending to human needs.[75]

John McCain Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr Baldwin would eliminate the Federal Reserve and move the US from fiat currency back to hard money.[28] John McCain John McCain has sponsored legislation to support the commercial space industry and led the Senate’s efforts to implement improvements to NASA after the Columbia accident. McCain has pledged that as president he would ensure that space exploration is top priority and that the U.S. remains a leader and is committed to funding the NASA Constellation program to ensure it has the resources it needs to begin a new era of human space exploration.[80] Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr "Congress must insist on accountability and transparency in the Federal Reserve’s operation, while reconsidering the Fed’s almost total control over the money supply."[79]

Barack Obama Cynthia McKinney Ralph Nader

Barack Obama "As president, Obama will support the development of this vital new platform Crew Exploration Vehicle to ensure that the United States’ reliance on foreign space capabilities is limited to the minimum possible time period."[81][82]

Cynthia McKinney

Ralph Nader

http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/ [13] "Your Money: McCain vs. Obama. biodisplay.pl?index=O000167. Personal Taxes". CNNMoney.com. [6] "Barack Obama - U.S. Senator for [14] TPC Tax Topics | 2008 Election. Illinois". http://Obama.senate.gov/ "Analysis of the 2008 Presidential committees/. Candidates’ Tax Plans." The Tax Policy [7] http://www.k-state.edu/media/WEB/ Center. News/NewsReleases/mccaintext.html [15] Barack Obama and Joe Biden: The [8] Senate Financial Disclosure Form, Change We Need | Taxes. OpenSecrets.org (2005). Retrieved BarackObama.com (official Barack 2008-02-21. Obama campaign site). [9] "CRP: Personal Financial Disclosure [16] McCain-Palin 2008. New Initiatives In Reports". http://www.opensecrets.org/ The McCain Economic Plan. pfds/ JohnMcCain.com (official John McCain CIDsummary.asp?CID=N00009638&year=2005.campaign site). [10] "Candidates/Ralph Nader". CNN. [17] Chuck Baldwin On His Run For President http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2004/ [18] BobBarr2008.com. special/president/candidates/nader.html. [19] Cynthia McKinney on Taxes and Budget Retrieved on 2008-06-07. [20] "Congress Should Vote ’No’ on Bailout, [11] Cynthia A. McKinney: Campaign Says Bob Barr". Finance/Money - Other Data http://www.bobbarr2008.com/press/ Congressman 2006 | OpenSecrets press-releases/145/congress-should-vote[12] "What they’ll do to your tax bill". By no-on-bailout-says-bob-barr/. Jeanne Sahadi. June 11, 2008. [21] "Time For Real Economic Reform". CNNMoney.com. Article and chart. http://www.bobbarr2008.com/press-

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain In a speech to AIPAC on April 23, 2002, McCain said that "no American leader should be expected to sell a false peace to our ally, consider Israel’s right to self-defense less legitimate than ours, or insist that Israel negotiate a political settlement while terrorism remains the Palestinians’ preferred bargaining tool."[83]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama supports a two-state solution.[84]Referring to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in January 2006, Obama denounced Hamas while praising former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon. At a meeting with then Israeli Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom on the eve of Hamas’ sweeping election victory,[85] Obama stated that Sharon’s role in the conflict had always been "absolutely important and constructive."[86] Cynthia McKinney US should stop weapons transfers to Middle East countries, including Israel - and be "honest broker." In terms of two- versus one-state solution, would listen to the voices and human rights advocates who are there. [87] Ralph Nader Nader supports the Israeli peace movement and views resolution of the IsraeliPalestinian conflict as central to national security.[88][89] Nader was critical of the US-supported bombing of Lebanon in 2006, seeing it as collective punishment.[88] Nader wants enforcement of UN resolutions concerning Israel and a peaceful twostate solution.[88]

Chuck Baldwin

Bob Barr

releases/163/time-for-real-economicreform/. [22] A Gift for a Generation: A U.S. Financial System of Our Own [23] "Chuck Baldwin Calls Housing Bailout ’Citizen Robbery’". http://www.covenantnews.com/ newswire/archives/044781.html. [24] "No Amnesty For Wall Street". http://www.chuckbaldwinlive.com/c2008/ cbarchive_20080926.html. [25] "Nader: Bailout a boondoggle plus blank check". Boston Globe. 2008-10-03. http://www.boston.com/news/politics/ politicalintelligence/2008/10/ nader_bailout_a.html. Retrieved on 2008-10-18. [26] ^ "John McCain on Free Trade". On the Issues. http://www.ontheissues.org/2008/ John_McCain_Free_Trade.htm. Retrieved on 2008-04-19. [27] VoteGopher.com: Barack Obama on Trade & Globalization [28] ^ "If I Were President". http://www.chuckbaldwinlive.com/c2008/ cbarchive_20080502.html.

[29] ^ "Chuck Baldwin on the issues". http://www.ontheissues.org/ Chuck_Baldwin.htm. [30] Bob Barr on: Foreign Intervention & Foreign Bases [31] McKinney / Clemente Campaign Platform, 2008. [32] "Ralph Nader on international trade, NAFTA, and the WTO (Video)". YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=p-264RGiBWk. Retrieved on 2008-06-05. [33] ^ McCain’s Health Care Proposal WashingtonPost.com, Oct. 10, 2007 [34] ^ Tax Policy Center [35] BarackObama.com - Healthcare [36] "Both John McCain and Barack Obama are proposing tax plans that would substantially increase the national debt over the next ten years, according to an updated analysis by the center-left Tax Policy Center" (PDF). http://www.taxpolicycenter.org/ UploadedPDF/ 411750_updated_candidates_summary.pdf. Retrieved on 2008-09-05.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain McCain supported the invasion of Iraq and has stated that he would keep troops in Iraq for as long as needed, dependent on agreement from the Iraqi government. "It’s not a matter of how long we’re in Iraq, it’s if we succeed or not."[90] John McCain was an early supporter of the Surge.

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama opposed the Iraq war as early as 2002 and has pledged a responsible, phased withdrawal.[91]Obama was a strong opponent of the Surge and up until July of 2008, he continued to call it a failure, in spite of a general consensus that the surge had been a success. [92] and he wrote and introduced the Iraq War De-Escalation Act of 2007 which would have stopped the Surge and started to pull American troops out of Iraq in 2007.[93] He continues to criticize the Surge because he says it has not achieved political reconciliation, has overtaxed the military and diverted focus from Afghanistan and Pakistan, which he considers to be the central front in the War on Terror.[91] Cynthia McKinney McKinney calls for the immediate and orderly withdrawal of all US troops and contracted personnel from Iraq and Afghanistan; she would dismantle US military bases in the area, and demand that US and other international corporations relinquish any claims to Iraqi oil or other resources.[95] She has consistently opposed funding for the war and the military budget.[96] Ralph Nader Nader opposes the US occupation of Iraq on the grounds that “it’s the occupation that is breeding the resistance.”[97] He supports a “responsible, orderly withdrawal” within six months.[97] Following withdrawal, he supports inclusion of an international peacekeeping force under UN auspices, promotion of Iraqi self-rule through independent elections, and the providing of humanitarian aid to stabilize the country.[98]

Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr Baldwin has stated that the US’s involvement in Iraq is clearly unconstitutional as well as unnecessary, and would begin safely withdrawing troops.[28] Barr considers the invasion and occupation of Iraq to have been mistakes. American presence "emboldens both insurgents and terrorists", and has cost "hundreds of billions of U.S. taxpayer dollars." He supports "withdrawal without undue delay."[94]

[37] "Bob Barr on: Healthcare". http://www.bobbarr2008.com/issues/ health-care/. [38] McKinney / Clemente Campaign Platform, 2008. [39] ^ "’Meet the Press’ transcript for Feb. 24, 2008: Ralph Nader, David Brooks, Doris Kearns Goodwin, Michele Norris, Chuck Todd". NBC News’ Meet the Press (National Broadcasting Company). February 24, 2008. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/ 23319215/. Retrieved on 2008-02-24. [40] S. 1731, CQ Vote #28: Adopted 56-42: R 45-2; D 11-39; I 0-1, 2/13/02, McCain Voted Nay, H.R. 8, CQ Vote #151:

Motion Rejected 54-44: R 45-2; D 9-41; I 0-1, 6/12/02, McCain Voted Nay [41] McCain is the GOP’s best choice for president Corpus Christi Caller-Times, Feb. 16, 2008 [42] Cooper, Michael (2008-04-16). "McCain addresses economy". San Jose Mercury News. http://www.mercurynews.com/ politics/ci_8942041. Retrieved on 2008-04-17. [43] ^ "Reforming Washington to Regain the Trust of Taxpayers". JohnMcCain.com. http://www.johnmccain.com/Issues/ JobsforAmerica/reform.htm. Retrieved on 2008-08-10.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama stated he regards Iran’s government as "a threat to all of us," stating that the US "should take no option, including military action, off the table. Sustained and aggressive diplomacy combined with tough sanctions should be our primary means to prevent Iran from building nuclear weapons."[101]

John McCain has called the crisis with Iran "the most serious crisis we have faced - outside of the entire war on terror - since the end of the Cold War." "Nuclear capability in Iran is unacceptable," said McCain. McCain has criticized Russia and China for causing "gridlock" in the UN Security Council and preventing the sanctioning of Iran as well as other areas of conflict such as Darfur and Burma. If elected, McCain pledges to create a "league of democracies" with the purpose of addressing those conflicts without the approval of China and Russia.[99][100] Chuck Bob Barr Baldwin Has stated that "an attack on Iran would be unnecessary, counterproductive, costly and dangerous", that "[t]here is no imminent threat, and only an imminent threat can ever justify a preemptive strike", and concludes "any nonproliferation strategy must begin with diplomacy and include a willingness to address the other side".[102]

Cynthia McKinney McKinney believes we must leave behind the militarization that has accompanied the Bush administration. She supports leaving Iraq and moving toward peaceful methods of dealing with other countries. [103]

Ralph Nader Nader believes the US must stop “saber rattling” with Iran and take up Iran’s proposal in 2003 to negotiate all outstanding issues between the US and Iran.[89]

John McCain McCain has called upon the United States to reject Sudan’s demand that the AU peacekeeping force leave or be bullied. McCain believes that America must convince our allies in the region and friendly Arab nations to abandon their support for Sudan and force them to accept more peacekeepers. On a more immediate time-frame McCain has called for the use of NATO air-power to establish a no-fly zone and the use of intelligence assets to gather evidence of genocide and build cases against its perpetrators.[104] Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr

Barack Obama In a December 2005 Washington Post opinion column, and at the Save Darfur rally in April 2006, Obama called for more assertive action to oppose genocide in the Darfur region of Sudan.[105] He has divested $180,000 in personal holdings of Sudan-related stock, and has urged divestment from companies doing business in Iran.[106]

Cynthia Ralph Nader McKinney Expressed concern that atrocities in Darfur might be used to justify US occupation of Sudan.
[107]

Nader believes the US could do more to end the genocide in Darfur. He would refuse normalized relations with the Government of Sudan “until the Sudanese government removes all obstacles to the full deployment of the multilateral UNAMID, fully implements the CPA, and engages in good faith in a comprehensive, open and inclusive peace process.”[108]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain McCain voted in favor of the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction in 1991.[109] He voted to ratify the START II strategic arms limitation treaty in 1996.[110] McCain voted against the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty in 1999.[111] In March 2008, McCain said that United States should reduce its nuclear arsenal to encourage other nations to reduce their arsenals. Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama has spoken out against nuclear proliferation. According to his campaign website, Obama will "crack down on nuclear proliferation by strengthening the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty."[112] Obama has also vowed to stop the development of new American nuclear arms, pursuing an ultimate goal of "a world without nuclear weapons."[112] Cynthia McKinney McKinney supports the reduction of nuclear weapons in the U.S. and is a strong supporter of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and AntiBallistic Missile Treaty. She also wants to ban the manufacture and use of depleted uranium.[113] Ralph Nader Nader describes nuclear weapons as “horrifying” and supports the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. He would adopt a no-first use policy, take all nuclear missiles off “hair-trigger” alert, and push for ratification of the START II and Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty as well as working with other nuclear states towards the eventual abolition of Nuclear weapons.[114]

John McCain In October 2006, McCain said that he believed the former President Bill Clinton and his administration were to blame for the North Korea’s weapons of mass destruction. He said that the U.S. had "concluded an unenforceable and untransparent agreement", allowing North Korea to keep plutonium rods in a reactor.[115] Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr

Barack Obama

Cynthia McKinney

Ralph Nader

[44] Tax Cuts at Center of McCain’s Economic Plan Wall Street Journal, April 16, 2008 [45] "Transcript: American Morning". CNN. 2008-07-08. http://transcripts.cnn.com/ TRANSCRIPTS/0807/08/ltm.03.html. Retrieved on 2008-08-10. - "spending got out of control, and that obviously caused the deficit...our problem that we have today, is spending and not keeping taxes low and stimulating the economy"

[46] "Barack Obama on Budget & Economy"; ontheissues.org [47] "Bob Barr on: Taxes". http://www.bobbarr2008.com/issues/ taxes/. [48] A Gift for a Generation: A U.S. Financial System of Our Own, September 2008. [49] Nader, Ralph (2000). Cutting Corporate Welfare. Seven Stories Press. p. 20. ISBN 158322033X. [50] Scot, Lehigh (October 18, 2000). "If Nader had been there: Here’s what he

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain McCain maintains a relatively moderate stance concerning Pakistan, although he has recognized the South Asian nation as an important part of US Foreign Policy. In the aftermath of Pakistan’s former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto’s assassination (in December 2007) McCain appeared to rule out the option of US forces entering Pakistan, saying that it was not an appropriate time to "threaten" Pakistan.[116] Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama On August 1, 2007, Obama declared in a foreign policy speech that the United States must be willing to strike al Qaeda targets inside Pakistan, with or without the consent of the Pakistani government. He claimed that if elected, "If we have actionable intelligence about high value terrorist targets and President Musharraf won’t act, we will".[117]

Cynthia McKinney "Free and fair elections, not U.S. troops, are the best strategy for achieving peace and stability in Pakistan." is the belief of Cynthia McKinney in Pakistan. She also opposes a United States war with Pakistan.[118]

Ralph Nader Nader has said that military action against Pakistan is off the table.

John McCain In October 2005, McCain, a former POW, introduced the McCain Detainee Amendment to the Defense Appropriations bill for 2005. That month, the U.S. Senate voted 90-9 to support the amendment.[119] In October 2007, McCain said of waterboarding that, "They [other presidential candidates] should know what it is. It is not a complicated procedure. It is torture."[120] However, in February 2008 he voted against HR 2082, the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008, which included provisions that would have prevented the CIA from waterboarding prisoners. Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr

Barack Obama Obama voted against the Military Commissions Act of 2006[121] and later voted to restore habeas corpus to those detained by the U.S. (which had been stripped by the Military Commissions Act).[122] He has advocated closing the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, but has not supported two specific bills that would have done so.[123] Obama opposes the use of torture.[124]

Cynthia Ralph Nader McKinney Nader views CIA kidnapping and extraordinary rendition as leading to diminished respect around the world.[108] "Constitutional crimes against due process, probable cause, habeas corpus, together with torture and indefinite imprisonment... will worsen and erode American jurisprudence with serious consequences for both the nation’s security and its liberties."[125]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain At a town hall meeting January 6, 2008 McCain was reported to have answered a question on the Armenian Genocide by noting that he recognizes the Armenian Genocide, but opposes the Armenian Genocide Resolution due to the Turkish government’s sensitivities and the importance of their continued contribution to the war on terror.[126] On September 29, 2008, in an open letter to the Armenian-American Community of the United States he stated, that "it is fair to say that one of the greatest tragedies of the 20th century, the brutal murder of as many as one and a half million Armenians under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, has also been one of the most neglected" and that "it is our responsibility to recognize those tragic events".[127] Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama On January 19, 2008 Obama announced that as a U.S. Senator, he has stood with the Armenian American community in calling for Turkey’s acknowledgement of the Armenian Genocide, and supports its recognition. In 2006, Obama criticized Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice for firing United States Ambassador to Armenia, John Evans, after he used the term "genocide" to describe Turkey’s killing of hundreds of thousands of Armenians.[128] On June, 2008 Obama restated his commitment to U.S. recognition of the Armenian Genocide in a letter to ANCA Chairman Ken Hachikian.[129] Obama supported House Resolution 106 which recognized the killings as genocide. Cynthia McKinney Ralph Nader

John McCain John McCain believes America should continue to work to secure an independent Taiwan and opposes the ability of corporations owned by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army to make financial contributions to American political campaigns.[130] Chuck Baldwin China is a potential military threat, and economic policies toward it weaken key American industries.[28] (probably) would have said". Boston Globe. http://graphics.boston.com/news/ politics/campaign2000/news/ If_Nader_had_been_there+.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-06-05. [51] "Excerpts from a speech by Senator John McCain, presidential candidate, on Social Security", June 7, 1999 [52] McCain to Propose Middle-Class Tax Cuts and Private Accounts Within Social Security NY Times, January 11, 2000 [53] AARP Study [54] VoteGopher.com: Barack Obama on Social Security" [55] "Bob Barr on: Entitlement Programs". http://www.bobbarr2008.com/issues/ entitlement-programs/. [56] "Social Security Reform: Private Accounts, No Tax Hikes, Spending Cuts"

Barack Obama

Bob Cynthia McKinney Barr

Ralph Nader

(PDF). https://www.bobbarr2008.com/ uploads/pdf/ BB08%20Social%20Security.pdf. [57] ^ McKinney On Social Security [58] ^ Ralph, Nader (January 21, 1999). ""Saving Social Security From the Privatization Threat" Conference Statement". nader.org. http://www.nader.org/index.php?/ archives/96-Saving-Social-Security-Fromthe-Privatization-ThreatConferenceStatement.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-05. [59] Roy Mark, "John McCain, A Republican Tech Record", eweek.com, November 21, 2007 [60] John Paczkowski, "Sen. John McCain", Wall Street Journal, May 29, 2007

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama

Though John McCain plans to expand foreign Obama would double foreign aid to $50 bilaid, specifically targeting malaria in Africa, he lion by 2012.[131] has expressed concern that too much American aid money is embezzled or outright stolen by corrupt foreign governments.[131][132] Chuck Baldwin Baldwin believes that the U.S. is not the world’s policeman, and would end all foreign aid and interventionist policies.[28] Bob Barr "[F]oreign aid has proved to be a drain on the U.S. economy while doing little good for the recipients. Aid is routinely used by corrupt foreign governments to oppress their people and enrich powerful elites. Foreign aid almost always discourages economic and political reform, while subsidizing nations which often work against U.S. interests."[133] Barack Obama Cynthia McKinney Ralph Nader

John McCain John McCain has said that what is most critical now is to avoid further confrontation between Russian and Georgian forces. McCain wants to work with the EU and the OSCE to pressure Russia to withdraw from all sovereign Georgian territory.[134] Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr

Cynthia McKinney

Ralph Nader

John McCain John McCain has stated that the oil-for-food scandal and perennial failure to uphold Human Rights has demonstrated a "crying need for reform" in the UN. Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr Baldwin would withdraw the US from the United Nations, perceiving it to be a threat to American sovereignty.[28] Barr calls the United Nations "an enormous disappointment" and asserts that "[t]he U.S. should push to roll back the UN’s functions and slash America’s financial contribution".[135]

Barack Obama

Cynthia McKinney

Ralph Nader

[61] McCain Opposes Net Neutrality, newsmax.com, June 3, 2007 [62] "Obama pledges Net neutrality laws if elected president | Tech news blog CNET News". News.cnet.com. http://news.cnet.com/

8301-10784_3-9806707-7.html. Retrieved on 2008-09-05. [63] http://senate.ontheissues.org/2008/ Cynthia_McKinney_Technology.htm [64] http://glassbooth.org/explore/index/ ralph-nader/18/internet-and-media/26/

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain McCain’s stances on global warming and other environmental issues have often put him at odds with the Bush administration and other Republicans. For example, he has generally opposed drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.[136] According to the League of Conservation Voters’ 2006 National Environmental Scorecard, McCain took an "anti-environment" stance on four of seven environmental resolutions during the second session of the 109th congress. The four resolutions dealt with issues such as offshore drilling, an Arctic national wildlife refuge, low-income energy assistance, and environmental funding.[137] McCain’s measures to lower auto emissions include higher fines for not complying with CAFE standards, calling for a level playing field for all alcohol-based biofuels, issuing a Clean Car Challenge to automakers (a US$5,000 dollar tax credit for each and every customer who buys a zero-emissions car) and awarding a substantial prize to the auto company that develops a next-generation car battery.[138] Bob Barr Barr pledges to eliminate restrictions that inhibit energy production, as well as all special privileges for the production of politicallyfavored fuels, such as ethanol; supports the exploration and production of America’s abundant domestic resources, including oil in the Outer Continental Shelf and Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and alternative sources such as oil shale, which would lower costs to the consumer and assure more adequate and consistent supplies. [143] Ralph Nader Nader is credited with helping the Clean Air Act (1970) and Safe Drinking Water Act (1974).[71] He was one of the first public figures to advocate renewable energy during the 1970s.[145] Nader supports mandatory standards for recycling and precycling, especially in areas of government control.[146] [65] ^ McElhatton, Jim (2008-06-06). "Obama decree on funding limited to current lobbyists". Washington Times. http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/ 2008/jun/06/obama-decree-on-fundinglimited-to-current-lobbyis/. Retrieved on 2008-08-27.

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama has a ’New Energy for America’ plan and he has pledged to cut greenhouse gas emissions 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050 by forcing a market-based cap-and-trade system,[139] recommitting federal resources to public mass transportation and carbon sequestration (incentives to plant trees, restore grasslands or undertake farming practices). Obama also has plans for improving air and water quality through reduced carbon emissions.[140] Obama worked as a member of the US Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works during the 109th Congress.[141] At least 30 percent of federal government’s electricity would come from renewable sources by 2020.[140] Also, he wants to create a ’Global Energy Forum’ of the largest energy consuming nations (G8+5). The League of Conservation Voters has given Obama the highest lifetime rating of anyone currently running for president. [142]

Cynthia McKinney McKinney plans to create a cap on production and consumption as well as add organic farming, sustainability, and GM to the current Farm Bill. She also plans to assess toxic levels after Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita. She voted yes on further AMTRAK funding and no on changing the Endangered Species Act of 1973. She also voted down a bill that allowed commercial logging on public land.[144] Chuck Baldwin

[66] "Nader may seek presidency (Video)". CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/video/#/ video/politics/2008/02/04/ sot.nader.independent.run.cnn. Retrieved on 2008-06-05. [67] Amtrak Melodrama, Washington Post, June 30, 2002

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain McCain gave a major speech on his energy policy at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He connected energy independence with national security, climate change, and the environment.[147][148] McCain proposed increasing ethanol imports and moving from exploration to production of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. He said that US dependence on foreign oil is "a major strategic vulnerability, a serious threat to our security, our economy and the well being of our planet." He is co-sponsor of a Senate cap-andtrade bill designed to limit greenhouse gas emissions,[149] and is seen as a bipartisan leader on the issue. McCain supports the increased use of nuclear energy in the US and reduce renewable sources to produce electricity. He has promoted the expanded use of nuclear power, calling for 45 new nuclear reactors to be built by 2030.[150]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama has presented a ’New Energy for America’ plan to achieve a low carbon economy, subsidizing 5 million new green jobs.[139] He proposes $150 billion over 10 years to accelerate the commercialization of plug-in hybrids, promote development of commercial scale renewable energy (establishing a 100% federal RPS to require that 10 percent of electricity be derived from renewable sources by 2012 and 25% in 2025[140]), encourage energy efficiency, advance the next generation of biofuels (requiring 60 billion gallons by 2030) and fuel infrastructure, and begin transition to a new digital electricity grid (smart metering, demand response, distributed generation and electricity storage systems).[139] He also plans to reduce overall U.S. oil consumption by at least 35%, or 10 million barrels per day, by 2030 to offset imports from OPEC nations.[151][152] Obama and other Senators introduced the BioFuels Security Act in 2006. Regarding the domestic use of nuclear power, Obama declared himself flatly opposed to building a nuclear waste repository in Nevada and has called for the facility’s closure [153] [154]. However, Obama voted for the Energy Policy Act of 2005, which allocated $4.3 billion in tax credits to the nuclear energy sector. [155] [156] Obama and other Senators introduced a bill in 2007 to promote the development of commercially viable plug-in hybrids and other electric-drive vehicles in order to shift away from petroleum fuels and "toward much cleaner – and cheaper – electricity for transportation".[157] In his plan, related with transportation, he proposes increase fuel economy standards 4 percent per each year, specific focus on R&D in advanced battery technology and a $7,000 tax credit for the purchase of advanced technology vehicles as well as conversion tax credits and $4 billion retooling tax credits and loan guarantees for domestic auto plants and parts manufacturers; the entire White House fleet would be converted to plug-ins and half of cars purchased by the federal government will be plug-in (hybrids or all-electric) vehicles by 2012.[139] Cynthia McKinney Ralph Nader

Chuck Baldwin Would dissolve the Department of Energy.

Bob Barr Says the free market needs to be the

McKinney wants to Nader is a strong supleave Alaskan oil in porter of solar energy

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Believes in American energy independence by repealing prohibitions on domestic oil drilling, oil refineries, and nuclear plants.[28] foundation of the United States’ energy policy. Supports drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.[158]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
the ground, declare the U.S. carbon-free and nuclear-free, and implement the Kyoto Treaty. She has voted no on scheduling permitting for new oil refineries and authorizing construction of new oil refineries. She has voted yes on keeping moratorium on drilling for oil offshore, raising CAFE standards; incentives for alternative fuels, prohibiting oil drilling development in ANWR, and starting implementation of Kyoto Protocol.[159] Barack Obama Barack Obama was 1 of 22 Senators to vote against the appointment of Justice Roberts. and wants to end government subsidies for the fossil fuel and nuclear energy industries.[146] He says "technologies are way ahead of the political framework" and envisions a "massive conversion from a hydrocarbonbased economy to a carbohydrate-based economy" within 20 to 25 years.[146][145] He opposes corn ethanol "which has a very poor net energy and water-usage characteristic" in favor of cellulosic ethanol.[145] He says that capand-trade programs "can be easily manipulated" and wants to tax inefficient technology and pollution at the production source.[145]

John McCain John McCain voted for the appointment of Justice Roberts. McCain favors a more Constructionist standpoint and says he would work to safeguard against Judicial activism.[160] Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr

Cynthia McKinney

Ralph Nader

[68] John McCain- Technology OnTheIssues.org [69] Steven A. Holmes, Transportation Spending Bill Is Approved NY Times, Oct. 7, 2000 [70] [1], Global Warming. [71] ^ "Independent Lens: An Unreasonable Man". Public Broadcasting Service. 2006. http://www.pbs.org/ independentlens/unreasonableman/ activist.html#osha. Retrieved on 2008-06-07. [72] http://www.johnmccain.com/Issues/ JobsforAmerica/workplaceflex.htm [73] McKinney/Clemente and Obama/Biden compared on health care, labor, the economy, Labor & Economic Justice. [74] [2]

[75] McKinney/Clemente and Obama/Biden compared on health care, labor, the economy, Labor & Economic Justice. [76] "Ralph Nader Flirts with Presidential Bid". ABC. January 30, 2008. http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/Vote2008/ story?id=4215961. Retrieved on 2008-06-05. [77] Ralph, Nader (July 6, 2006). "The Politics of the Minimum Wage". CounterPunch. http://www.counterpunch.org/ nader07062006.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-05. [78] Nader, Ralph (2000). Cutting Corporate Welfare. Seven Stories Press. p. 112. ISBN 158322033X.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain In 2004, McCain voted against the Federal Marriage Amendment, arguing that each state should be able to choose whether to recognize same-sex marriages.[161][162] He supported the 2006 Arizona initiative to ban homosexual marriage.[163]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama voted against the Federal Marriage Amendment which would have defined marriage as between one man and one woman, but personally believes that marriage is a religious bond between a man and a woman. He supports civil unions for same-sex couples which would be homosexual marriage in all but name, but believes that decisions about the name marriage should be left to the states.[164][165][166] Cynthia Ralph Nader McKinney Supports homosexual adoption and has a HRC 80 rating on gay rights issues.[169] Nader opposes DOMA and the military’s Don’t Ask Don’t Tell policy.[170] He says, "We’ve got to get rid of this discrimination, this chilling, this bigotry toward gays and lesbians that are reflected in literally hundreds and hundreds of statutes and regulations in this country."[171]

Chuck Baldwin Baldwin believes marriage is between a man and a woman and supports the DOMA.[167]

Bob Barr Barr opposes any federal definition of marriage, whether by statute or constitutional amendment. He believes the states should be free to determine what constitutes marriage.[168]

[79] "Bob Barr on: Monetary Policy". http://www.bobbarr2008.com/issues/ monetary-policy/. [80] http://www.johnmccain.com/Informing/ Issues/7366faf9-d504-4abca889-9c08d601d8ee.htm [81] Barack Obama’s Plan For American Leadership in Space [82] Obama’s Plan for NASA [83] John McCain, "United in Freedom: America must stand with Israel against Arab tyranny and terror", The Wall Street Journal, April 26, 2002 [84] Obama Israel Fact Sheet. [85] BBC News. "Hamas sweeps to election victory" January 26, 2006 [86] Associated Press. "Obama meets Shalom, offers support for Israel," Israel Insider, January 11, 2006 [87] McKinney on Israel See also: Don’t Blame the Jews for Cynthia McKinney’s Defeat [88] ^ "Ralph Nader: U.S. Carries “Inescapable Responsibility” for “Israeli Government’s Escalating War Crimes”". Democracy Now. July 20, 2006. http://www.democracynow.org/2006/7/ 20/ralph_nader_u_s_carries_inescapable. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. [89] ^ "Ralph Nader in Green Party 2008 Presidential Candidate Questionnaire".

Green Party USA. February 3, 2008. http://www.ontheissues.org/Archive/ 2008_Green_Questionnaire_Ralph_Nader.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. [90] CNN. "McCain Defends ’100 years in Iraq’ Statement" February 15, 2008 [91] ^ Obama website [92] http://www.nydailynews.com/news/ politics/2008/07/14/ 2008-07-14_barack_obama_purges_web_site_critique [93] http://obama.senate.gov/press/ 070130-obama_offers_pl_1/index.php [94] "Bob Barr on: Iraq War". http://www.bobbarr2008.com/issues/ iraq-war/. [95] Wikinews interviews U.S. Green Party presidential candidate Cynthia McKinney, March 7, 2008. [96] [3] Green Party Presidential Ticket Compared to Democrats [97] ^ "Ralph Nader on ending the occupation of Iraq (Video)". YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=50W4PL93FQw. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. [98] Recio, Maria (April 19, 2004). "Nader calls for withdrawal of US troops from Iraq". Commondreams. http://www.commondreams.org/ headlines04/0419-09.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-06.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain On February 18, 2007, John McCain stated, "I do not support Roe versus Wade. It should be overturned."[172] McCain believes that Roe v. Wade should be overturned and that the issue of abortion should be returned to the states.

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama In his write-in response to a 1998 survey, Obama stated his abortion position as: "Abortions should be legally available in accordance with Roe v. Wade."[173] While serving in the Illinois Senate, Obama voted against bills that included partial birth abortion bans. In the presidential debate of October 16, 2008, he argued that partial birth abortions were already illegal, and he does not support the practice in accordance with Illinois law. He has received a 100 percent rating from the Illinois Planned Parenthood Council[174] Ralph Nader Nader is opposed to legal restrictions on abortion, "I don’t think government has the proper role in forcing a woman to have a child or forcing a woman not to have a child... This is something that should be privately decided with the family, woman, all the other private factors of it, but we should work toward preventing the necessity of abortion."[176]

Chuck Baldwin Baldwin would encourage Congress to pass Ron Paul’s Sanctity of Life Act. Would deny federal funds to abortion clinics.[28]

Bob Cynthia McKinney Barr McKinney supports full reproductive rights for women, including safe access to comprehensive prenatal and postnatal/infant care; family planning services and contraception, including "morning after" medication; and abortion. She rejects forced, coerced, or uninformed medication and sterilization, and supports singlepayer universal healthcare.[175]

[99] John McCain: Iran Crisis Most Serious Since Cold War [100] enator McCain Addresses The Hoover S Institution on U.S. Foreign Policy [101] bama, Barack (March 2, 2007). "AIPAC O Policy Forum Remarks". Barack Obama U.S. Senate Office. http://obama.senate.gov/speech/ 070302-aipac_policy_forum_remarks/ index.html. Retrieved on 2007-07-22. For Obama’s 2004 Senate campaign remarks on possible missile strikes against Iran, see: Mendell, David (September 25, 2004). "Obama Would Consider Missile Strikes on Iran". Chicago Tribune. http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ printedition/

chi-0409250111sep25,1,4555304.story?ctrack=1&cs Retrieved on 2007-07-22. [102] top the War Threats, Emphasize S Diplomacy with Iran, Says Bob Barr [103]4]McKinney on US Foreign Relations [ [104] ttp://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/ h content/article/2006/09/08/ AR2006090801664.html [105] bama, Barack; Sam Brownback O (December 27, 2005). "Policy Adrift on Darfur". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/ content/article/2005/12/26/ AR2005122600547.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-14. Doyle, Jim (May 1, 2006). "Tens of Thousands Rally for Darfur". San Francisco Chronicle. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/ article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/05/01/

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain John McCain believes that the right to keep and bear arms is a fundamental, individual Constitutional right. In the past he has voted to protect gun manufacturers from attempts to make them liable for crimes committed by third parties. McCain opposes restrictions on assault rifles and has voted against such bans. He has supported legislation requiring gun manufacturers to include gun safety devices such as trigger locks in product packaging. He cosponsored legislation to lift the DC gun ban. McCain has opposed "waiting periods" for the purchase of firearms. [177] McCain also voted against the 1993 Brady Bill to restrict the availability of handguns. [178]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama During a February 15, 2008 press conference, Obama stated, "I think there is an individual right to bear arms, but it’s subject to commonsense regulation."[179] He supports the right of local municipalities to determine gun laws.[180][181] Obama has also stated that he will work to reintroduce the expired Federal Assault Weapons Ban and to make it permanent.[182] In Illinois, he backed changes to state law that included a ban on assault weapons sales and limiting handgun sales to one a month. In Congress, voted to leave gun-makers and dealers open to lawsuits for actions committed by third-parties. [183][184] Obama has proposed outlawing types of ammunition[185] Obama has stated he does not believe states should be allowed to issue concealed carry licenses.[186] Cynthia McKinney Ralph Nader

Chuck Bob Barr Baldwin Supports the right to bear arms as an individual right.[28] Supports the right to bear arms as an individual right. "I oppose any law requiring registration of, or restricting the ownership, manufacture, or transfer or sale of firearms or ammunition to law-abiding citizens."[187]

MNGFBIIFOA1.DTL. Retrieved on [110] roject Vote Smart - The START II Treaty P 2008-01-14. Member Vote List [106] uhnhenn, Jim (May 17, 2007). "Giuliani, K [111]senate.gov 325". http://www.senate.gov/ " Edwards Have Sudan Holdings". legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/ Associated Press (SFGate.com). roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=106&session=1&vo http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/n/ [112] "Foreign Policy: Nuclear Weapons". ^ a/2007/05/17/politics/p171906D95.DTL. BarackObama.com. Retrieved on 2008-01-14. Obama, http://www.barackobama.com/issues/ Barack (August 30, 2007). "Hit Iran foreignpolicy/#nuclear. Retrieved on Where It Hurts". New York Daily News. 2008-05-24. http://www.nydailynews.com/opinions/ [113] ttp://glassbooth.org/explore/index/ h 2007/08/30/ cynthia-mckinney/20/iraq-and-foreign2007-08-30_hit_iran_where_it_hurts.html. policy/5/ Retrieved on 2008-01-14. [114]Interfaith Questionnaire on Elimination " [107]5] [ of Nuclear Weapons: US Presidential [108] Nader, Ralph (April 11, 2008). "Open ^ Candidates’ Responses". United letter to George W. Bush (on Darfur)". Methodist Church. September 7, 2000. nader.org. http://www.nader.org/ http://www.acronym.org.uk/dd/dd50/ index.php?/archives/1268-Open-Letter50views.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-06. to-George-W.-Bush.html. Retrieved on [115]John McCain Criticizes Clintons on " 2008-06-06. North Korea: Senator Says Diplomacy [109]senate.gov 274". http://www.senate.gov/ " Should Be Used As First Resort", ABC legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/ News, October 11, 2006 roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=102&session=1&vote=00274.to His Experience The [116] cCain Points M Hawkeye.com, Dec. 29, 2007

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain McCain has indicated that he supports the use of the death penalty, mandatory prison terms for selling illegal drugs, and stronger restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.[188][189][190] McCain is a proponent of mandatory sentencing in general.[191]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama favors the death penalty for cases in which "the community is justified in expressing the full measure of its outrage."[192] On June 25, 2008, Obama condemned United States Supreme Court decision Kennedy v. Louisiana, which outlawed the death penalty for a child rapist when the victim was not killed. He said that states have the right to consider capital punishment, but cited concern about the possibility of unfairness in some sentences.[193] Cynthia McKinney It is the main focus of McKinney’s stance on crime that capital punishment should be replaced with life imprisonment. She has voted against bills that would make death penalty appeals harder and the prosecution and sentencing of juvenile delinquency. She has voted in favor of bills that would keep habeas corpus rights in death penalty appeals, as well as in favor of bills to replace the death penalty and finding alternative sentences to capital punishment. She also supports stronger sentencing for hate crimes.[194] Ralph Nader

Chuck Baldwin

Bob Barr

[117] ough talk on Pakistan from Obama T [123]Guantanamo Bay puzzles candidates". " Reuters Aug 1 2007 USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/ [118] ttp://mckinney2008.com/PRESIDENT/ h news/politics/2007-06-18-gitmoindex.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=23&Itemid=57 candidates_N.htm. Retrieved on [119]Roll Call Votes 109th Congress - 1st " 2007-12-10. Session on the Amendment (McCain [124]Obama: Torture and secrecy betray core " Amdt. No. 1977)". United States Senate. American values". BarackObama.com. 2005-10-05. http://www.senate.gov/ http://www.barackobama.com/2007/10/ legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/ 04/obama_torture_and_secrecy_betr.php. roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=109&session=1&vote=00249. Retrieved on 2007-12-10. Retrieved on 2006-08-15. [125] ader, Ralph (September 30, 2006). N [120]McCain Rebukes Giuliani on " "Democracy The Big Loser on Habeas Waterboarding Remark". New York Corpus". Times. October 26, 2007. http://www.commondreams.org/views06/ http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/26/us/ 0930-21.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-07. politics/26giuliani.html. Retrieved on [126] NCA Review of the Major Candidates, A 2008-03-08. 2008 [121]U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes". " [127] ext of September 29, 2008 McCain T http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/ campaign open letter, ANCA Official roll_call_lists/ Website, 2008 roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=109&session=2&vote=00259#position. [128] arack Obama on the Importance of USB Retrieved on 2007-12-10. Armenia Relations, Official site, January [122]Senator Obama - Voting Record". " 19, 2008 Project Vote Smart. http://www.vote[129] en. Obama Reaffirms Commitment to S smart.org/ U.S. Armenian Genocide Recognition, voting_category.php?can_id=9490. ANCA Press Release, June 19, 2008 Retrieved on 2007-12-10.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain McCain has promoted the legislation and eventually the granting of citizenship to the estimated 12–20 million illegal aliens in the United States and the creation of an additional guest worker program with an option for permanent immigration. In his bid for the 2000 Presidential nomination, McCain supported expansion of the H-1B visa program, a temporary visa for skilled workers.[195] In 2005, he co-sponsored a bill with Ted Kennedy that would expand use of guest worker visas.[196] Chuck Baldwin Baldwin would enforce visa rules, and does not support a "path to citizenship"/amnesty for aliens currently residing in the US illegally. Employers who knowingly hire illegals would be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law. Would end "birthright citizenship", and thus end the problem of "anchor babies". No federal monies would be used for any services to illegal aliens.[28] Bob Barr Supports better border security to crack down on illegal immigration while also supporting reforms that will "sharply increase" legal immigration. Supports ending birthright citizenship and ending government benefits and services for illegal immigrants.[199]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama’s plan: 1) Improve border security; 2) Crack down on employers who hire illegal immigrants; 3) Enable undocumented workers to voluntarily pay a fine, learn English, and get in line for legal citizenship; 4) Fix the immigration bureaucracy; and 5) Provide additional economic assistance to Mexico.[197] Obama also supports issuing driver’s licenses to illegal immigrants to prevent unlicensed drivers from creating a public safety hazard[198]. Cynthia McKinney McKinney believes the wave of new immigration is a result of economic policies and agreements (e.g., NAFTA) that impoverish people and drive them across borders. She opposes the guest-worker program as riddled with abuses, and support human rights protections and amnesty for undocumented immigrants, an end to raids, and tearing down the border wall.[200] Ralph Nader Nader does not support open borders, which he says will create a "cheap-wage policy" for businesses.[201] He supports giving illegal workers, who have their taxes withheld, the same labor standards and benefits as American workers.[202] He says the government should "crack down" on employers and stop "brain draining" Third World countries with H-1B visas.[202]

[130] ttp://www.ontheissues.org/Senate/ h [137]League of Conservative Voters: 2006 " John_McCain_China.htm, National Environmental Scorecard" [131] http://www.ontheissues.org/ ^ Accessed May 6, 2008 News_Foreign_Aid.htm [138] lanet Ark : FACTBOX-McCain Pushes P [132] ttp://www.npr.org/templates/story/ h Measures to Lower Auto Emissions story.php?storyId=93375859 [139] http://www.barackobama.com/pdf/ ^ [133]Bob Barr on: Foreign Intervention and " factsheet_energy_speech_080308.pdf Foreign Bases". [140] http://www.barackobama.com/issues/ ^ http://www.bobbarr2008.com/issues/ pdf/EnvironmentFactSheet.pdf foreign-intervention-foreign-bases/. [141]6] Accessed May 6, 2008 [ [134] ttp://www.johnmccain.com/ h [142] ttp://enviros.barackobama.com/page/ h mccainreport/ content/enviroshome Environmentalists Read.aspx?guid=d33859f1-7f2e-4eef-8ce0-c2f3eb9aa05a for Obama website [135] ob Barr Says U.S. Must Cut United B [143] ttp://www.bobbarr2008.com/issues/ h Nations Role and Budget energy-policy/ [136] odd S. Purdum (February 2007). T [144] ynthia McKinney on Environment C "Prisoner of Conscience". Vanity Fair. [145] Little, Amanda Griscom (March 19, ^ http://www.vanityfair.com/politics/ 2008). "Nader on the Record: An features/2007/02/mccain200702. interview with Ralph Nader about his Retrieved on 2008-01-04. presidential platform on energy and the

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain Members of the McCain camp have pointed out that George Bush signed a federal directive in 2001 that outlawed racial profiling and ordered the Attorney General to look into the matter.[203]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama wants to eliminate racial profiling by federal law enforcement agencies.[204] As state senator in Illinois, Obama helped bring about passage of the state’s first racial-profiling law.[205] In October 2007, he asked Attorney GeneralDesignate, Judge Michael Mukasey, to end the practice.[206] Cynthia McKinney McKinney supports comprehensive federal investment in low-come families and communities, with an emphasis on people of color, to eliminate racial and other disparities in education, healthcare, imprisonment, family income, wealth, home ownership. She supports a moratorium on foreclosures, and end to the privatization of prisons. Hurricanes Katrina and Rita survivors should be recognized as Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs); she supports protecting their right of return, including their right to vote in their home states, and reparations for the losses they incurred due to government abandonment and negligence. She calls for an end to the "War on Drugs," which justifies foreign military intervention and assaults civil liberties; mandatory minimum drug sentences should be ended, and the budget should focus on treatment and prevention. [207] Ralph Nader

Chuck Baldwin

Bob Barr

environment". http://grist.org/feature/ 2008/03/19/nader/. Retrieved on 2008-06-07. [146] "The YouTube Interview: Ralph Nader ^ (Video)". YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=zzUrUNhIj4c. Retrieved on 2008-06-07. [147] cCain Speech on Energy Policy, April M 23, 2007 [148]McCain: Energy, warming are key " threats", MSNBC.com, April 23, 2007 [149] .139: Summary Library of Congress S [150] lanet Ark : McCain Says Wants 45 New P Nuclear Reactors by 2030 [151] arack Obama | Change We Can Believe B In | Energy [152] arack Obama candidate platform, B BostonHerald.com [153] olitics - Clinton, Obama oppose nuclear P facility in Nevada - sacbee.com

[154] emocrats Oppose Nuclear Waste Dump D [155] .S. Senate Roll Call Votes 109th U Congress - 1st Session [156] enate Vote On Passage: H.R. 6 [109th: S Energy Policy Act of 2005] [157]HATCH, CANTWELL, OBAMA " INTRODUCE PLAN TO PROMOTE PLUGIN HYBRIDS". http://hatch.senate.gov/ index.cfm?FuseAction=PressReleases.Detail&PressR Retrieved on 2007-12-15. [158]Bob Barr on: Energy Policy". " http://www.bobbarr2008.com/issues/ energy-policy/. [159] ynthia McKinney on the Issues C [160] ttp://www.johnmccain.com/Informing/ h Issues/ b8529d0e-381e-4a29-9c39-6a57c7e182c9.htm [161]Statement on the Federal Marriage " Amendment", McCain Senate website, July 13, 2004, accessed November 18, 2006]

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain McCain is a member of The Republican Main Street Partnership and supports embryonic stem cell research despite his earlier opposition.[208] He states that he believes that stem cell research, and indeed embryonic stem cell research, will continue whether or not the U.S. sanctions it, and so it would be the wisest course of action to support it to the extent that the United States will be able to regulate and monitor the use. Chuck Baldwin Bob Barr

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama Obama supports federal funding for embryonic stem cell research and was a co-sponsor[209] of the 2005 Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act which was passed by both houses of Congress but vetoed by President George W. Bush.

Cynthia Ralph Nader McKinney Nader supports stem cell research. Through his Consumer Project on Technology, he seeks to ensure that research conducted with public money is freely available to the public, and not held back by corporate and university patents.[89]

[162] cCain’s Senate website, Statement on M the Marriage Protection Amendment, June 6, 2006, accessed November 18, 2006 [163] íaz, Elvia (2005-08-26). "Gay-marriage D ban initiative wins support from McCain". Arizona Republic. http://www.azcentral.com/ arizonarepublic/news/articles/ 0826initiatives26.html. Retrieved on 2006-11-18. [164] bama Statement on Vote Against O Constitutional Amendment to Ban Gay Marriage Barack Obama: US Senator for Illinois (Accessed 2 March 2007) [165] hilip Elliott. Obama’s N.H. visit brings P little criticism, much love. Associated Press, printed in Rockford Register Star, 13 February 2007. (Accessed 2 March 2007) [166]CNN/You Tube debate transcript". CNN. " October 13, 2004. http://politics.slashdot.org/ article.pl?sid=04/10/13/1657237. Retrieved on 2008-06-07. [167]Chuck Baldwin Interview". " http://www.thenewamerican.com/ usnews/election/351. [168]Bob Barr on: Marriage". " http://www.bobbarr2008.com/issues/ marriage/. [169] ynthia McKinney on the Issues C

[170] olf, Sherry (July 12, 2004). "From W ’Maverick’ to Attack Dog: Howard Dean’s Gay Bashing of Ralph Nader". http://www.counterpunch.org/ wolf07102004.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-07. [171] iasson, Mara (July 9, 2004). "Dean, L Nader Debate Role of Third Parties". http://www.npr.org/templates/story/ story.php?storyId=3262027. Retrieved on 2008-06-07. [172] cCain says Roe v. Wade should be M overturned "The Associated Press" February 18, 2007 [173] bama, Barack. "1998 Illinois State O Legislative National Political Awareness Test", Project Vote Smart. Retrieved on 2007-01-21. [174] roject Vote Smart. "Senator Barack H. P Obama (IL)" [175] ampaign Platform C [176] ussert, Tim (May 7, 2000). R [http://www.commondreams.org/ headlines/050800-03.htm "Transcript: Ralph Nader on ’Meet The Press’"]. http://www.commondreams.org/ headlines/050800-03.htm. Retrieved on 2008-06-08. [177] ttp://www.johnmccain.com/Informing/ h Issues/77636553-6337-4ecdb170-49e1c07d2fbd.htm

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John McCain McCain supports the use of school vouchers.[210] In 2006 he said, "Should intelligent design be taught as a science class? Probably not."[211] On July 29, 2007, McCain voted against increasing federal student loans and Pell grants and expanding eligibility for financial aid.[212][213] Chuck Baldwin Baldwin would support homeschoolers and disband the Department of Education.[28] Bob Barr Would abolish the Department of Education and eliminate federal grants and regulation; also opposes No Child Left Behind. Believes that education should return to the local level. Supports state-level tax credits to parents who use private education or homeschool. "Ultimately, education will best serve the children of America if it occurs within a competitive private system rather than a government system."[216]

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
Barack Obama During an October 2004 debate, Obama stated that he opposed education vouchers for use at private schools because he believes they would undermine public schools.[214][215]

Cynthia McKinney Has often stated that it is wrong public education receives $38 billion annually while the Pentagon receives $700 billion annually. She also believes reforms like No Child Left Behind hurt the education system, and that free higher education and better primary education is what will improve school systems throughout the nation. She also voted yes on a substitute bill to lower student loan interest rates and increase black college and Hispanic college quality and quantity. She voted yes on a bill for state-testing and voted no on bills to allow vouchers in the District of Columbia, allowing vouchers in private schools and parochial schools, and no on a bill that would only give federal aid to schools that allowed school prayer.[217] Barack Obama

Ralph Nader

John McCain

McCain voted to extend the wiretap provision in Obama called for the repeal of the Patriot the Patriot Act. He also voted to reauthorize the Act in 2003.[219] He voted for the reauthorPatriot Act in 2006.[218] ization of the Patriot Act in 2006. [220] He supported recent FISA legislation giving telecommunications corporations immunity for cooperating with warrantless surveillance programs.[221] Chuck Bob Barr Baldwin During the Libertarian Convention, Barr said of Patriot Act: "I’d drive a stake through its heart, shoot it, burn it, cut off its head, burn it again, and scatter its ashes to the four corners of the world."[222] Cynthia Ralph Nader McKinney McKinney calls for the repeal of the Patriot Act.[223] Nader has called for the repeal of the Patriot Act. He has stated that it has eroded civil liberties and due process of law, particularly for Muslims and Arab Americans.[224][225]

[178] ttp://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/ h [179] ickler, Nedra (2008-02-15). "Obama P roll_call_lists/ Supports Individual Gun Rights". roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=103&session=1&vote=00394 Associated Press. http://www.breitbart.com/

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008

article.php?id=D8UQTAS80&show_article=1. http://www.amconmag.com/2004_06_21/ Retrieved on 2008-02-18. cover.html. Retrieved on 2008-06-08. [180] ttp://www.ontheissues.org/ h [202] "Ralph Nader on Immigration (Video)". ^ Gun_Control.htm YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/ [181] ttp://www.ontheissues.org/2008/ h watch?v=gYnQjDlCeXU&NR=1. barack_obama_gun_control.htm Retrieved on 2008-06-08. [182] ttp://www.foxnews.com/story/ h [203] ttp://www.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/10/ h 0,2933,289373,00.html 13/wall.bush-obama/ [183] ttp://www.ontheissues.org/domestic/ h index.html?iref=newssearch Barack_Obama_Gun_Control.htm [204] tatement of Support for Stem Cell S [184]Barack Obama on Gun Control" " Research Plan to Strengthen Civil [185] ttp://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2008/ h Rights, Barack Obama, U.S. Senator for issues/issues.gun.html Illinois [186] ttp://townhall.com/columnists/ h [205] cott, Janny. "In Illinois, Obama Proved S AmandaCarpenter/2008/04/03/ Pragmatic and Shrewd," New York obama_comes_out_against_concealed_carry Times, July 30, 2007. [187]Bob Barr on: the Second Amendment". " [206] rundage, Amy. "Obama Calls on B http://www.bobbarr2008.com/issues/ Mukasey to Address Racial second-amendment/. Discrimination, Protecting Civil Rights," [188] 004 National Political Awareness Test 2 October 17, 2007. VoteSmart.org [207] ampaign PlatformA Gift for a C [189] 004 National Political Awareness Test 2 Generation: A U.S. Financial System of VoteSmart.org Our Own [190] 004 National Political Awareness Test 2 [208] llen, Jonathan (2005-10-25). "GOP A VoteSmart.org hopefuls getting more time to weigh [191]Mandatory Sentencing". Political Base. " stem-cell vote". The Hill. http://www.politicalbase.com/issues/ http://www.hillnews.com/thehill/export/ mandatory-sentencing/34/. Retrieved on TheHill/News/Frontpage/102505/ 2008-04-19. stemcells.html. Retrieved on [192] eligion and Politics 2008: Death Penalty R 2006-08-15. Profile [209] tatement of Support for Stem Cell S [193] bama Disagrees with High Court on O Research, Barack Obama, U.S. Senator Child Rape Case, ABC News for Illinois [194] ttp://www.ontheissues.org/ h [210]John McCain on Education". On the " Cynthia_McKinney.htm Issues. http://www.ontheissues.org/2008/ [195] xcerpts from Speech by Sen. John E John_McCain_Education.htm. Retrieved McCain (R-AZ) to the Commonwealth on 2008-04-19. Club of California August 19, 1999 [211]ake Tapper (2007-02-22). "McCain J [196] atterson, Crystal (2005-03-15). "Quick P Speech Tied to Intelligent Design Group Guide to Kennedy-McCain Immigration Draws Fire". ABC News. Bill". Daily Kos. http://www.dailykos.com/ http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/ story/2005/5/13/112653/285. Retrieved story?id=2897153. Retrieved on on 2006-08-15. 2008-04-18. [197] bama website O [212] .S. Senate: Legislation & Records U [198] ttp://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/ h Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote article.cgi?f=/c/a/2008/01/28/ [213]nitial Summary Of The College Cost I MNH1UL57Q.DTL Reduction Act [199]Bob Barr on: Border Security and " [214] eyes, Obama disagree sharply, The K Immigration". Chicago Tribune, October 27, 2004. http://www.bobbarr2008.com/issues/ Archived at the www-news.uchicago.edu border-security-immigration/. website. Retrieved on January 31, 2008. [200]7] [ [215] ppelbaum, Lauren (2007-07-05). A [201] at, Buchanan (June 21, 2004). "The P "Obama Calls For Merit Pay". MSNBC. long-time progressive makes a pitch for http://firstread.msnbc.msn.com/archive/ the disenfranchised Right". 2007/07/05/259258.aspx. Retrieved on 2007-08-02.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[216]Bob Barr on: Education and Home " Schooling". http://www.bobbarr2008.com/issues/ education-home-schooling/. [217] ttp://ontheissues.org/2008/ h Cynthia_McKinney_Education.htm [218] n The Issues. "John McCain on the O Issues". http://www.ontheissues.org/ john_mccain.htm. Retrieved on 2008-05-14. . [219] arrett, Major (2007-12-12). "Clinton G Camp Points to Questionnaires From Barack Obama’s Past to Stress Inconsistency". http://www.foxnews.com/ story/0,2933,316623,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-14. . [220] roject Vote Smart. "Senator Barack H. P Obama Jr. (IL)". http://www.votesmart.org/ voting_category.php?can_id=BS030017. Retrieved on 2008-05-14. . [221] ttp://www.politico.com/news/stories/ h 0608/11349.html [222]Bob Barr on the Patriot Act 5/24/2008". " http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=PfLVJrryf9Q.

Comparison of United States presidential candidates, 2008
[223]ynthia McKinney on the issues". " http://www.ontheissues.org/ Cynthia_McKinney.htm. [224] perry, Paul (2004-03-26). "Ralph Nader: S The Unchallenged Hero of Muslims". Front Page Magazine. http://frontpagemag.com/Articles/ Read.aspx?GUID=7F00D11EA9F3-4836-86D9-5A5AD1D3250D. Retrieved on 2008-05-14. . [225] BC Online (2008-08-24). "Issues 2004: C Where the presidential candidates stand". http://www.cbc.ca/news/ background/uselection2004/ electionissues.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-14. .

External links
• Election Day 2008: The class issues • 2008 Presidential Candidates’ Health Reform Proposals from The Commonwealth Fund • Comparison of 2008 Presidential Candidates Issues

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