위키리크스 한국전문 20100114 주한대사보고 유명환장관면담 (PDF) by cyan67

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									Thursday, 14 January 2010, 09:40
C O N F I D E N T I A L SEOUL 000062
SIPDIS
EO 12958 DECL: 01/14/2030
TAGS PHUM, PREL, PGOV, PINR, SOCI, ECON, KN, KS, CH
SUBJECT: SPECIAL ENVOY KING'S 1/11 MEETING WITH FM YU
Classified By: Ambassador D. Kathleen Stephens. Reasons 1.4
(b/d).

Summary

-------

1. (C) During a January 11 meeting with Special Envoy Robert
King, FM Yu downplayed press speculation that a North-South
summit is imminent. Yu asserted that Kim Jong-il (KJI) would
visit China in late January or early February; the North
Korean leader needed both Chinese economic aid and political
support to stabilize an "increasingly chaotic" situation at
home. An unspecified number of high-ranking North Korean
officials had recently defected to the ROK, according to Yu.
The foreign minister thanked King for his willingness to press
the PRC on the treatment of North Korean refugees. Yu said the
ROK would provide "significant" food aid to the DPRK if
Pyongyang asked for it and agreed to monitoring. The ROK also
planned to help fund work by NGOs to combat TB and multi-drug-
resistant TB in the North, which has spread widely within the
DPRK's chronically malnourished population. At a lunch
following the meeting, Seoul's point man on DPRK issues,
Ambassador Wi Sung-lac, reiterated the FM's call for U.S. help
in persuading China to go easier on North Korean refugees. Wi
also thanked Ambassador King for his willingness to keep the
ROK updated on discussions between the American Red Cross and
its DPRK counterpart regarding potential reunions between
Korean-Americans and their North Korean kin. End summary.

FM Yu on: Prospects for North-South Summit...

--------------------------------------------- -

2. (C) During a January 11 meeting with Special Envoy for
North Korean Human Rights Issues Robert King, Foreign Minister
Yu Myung-hwan downplayed press speculation that a North-South
summit is imminent. The ROK was discussing the issue with the
DPRK, Yu said, noting that there were two major Blue House
preconditions: the nuclear issue had to be on the agenda and
the ROK would not pay the North to hold a summit. Yu
speculated that it would "take some time" for the North
Koreans to "digest" the preconditions.

SECRET OF KOREA 안치용 위키리스크 공개 원문
...Rumors of a KJI Visit to China...

------------------------------------

3. (C) Yu asserted that Kim Jong-il (KJI) would visit China in
late January or early February. The North Korean leader had
visited the PRC twice before in that timeframe, Yu related,
adding that KJI needed both Chinese economic aid and political
support to stabilize an "increasingly chaotic" situation at
home. In particular, FM Yu claimed that the North's botched
currency reform had caused "big problems" for the regime and
that the power succession from KJI to Kim Jong-eun was "not
going smoothly." Moreover, Yu confided, an unspecified number
of high-ranking North Korean officials working overseas had
recently defected to the ROK. (Note: Yu emphasized that the
defections have not been made public. End note.)

...Pressuring Beijing on Refugees...

------------------------------------

4. (C) Yu thanked Ambassador King for stating that he intended
to work closely with the ROK on the issue of improving human
rights conditions in North Korea. Yu also expressed
appreciation for Ambassador King's willingness to engage the
Chinese on the issue of North Korean refugees. Yu said he has
repeatedly raised the matter with PRC FM Yang, only to get a
boilerplate response emphasizing that North Koreans in China
are economic migrants. Yu claimed that the number of North
Koreans fleeing into China XXXXXXXXXXXX continues to increase;
2,952 North Koreans made it to the ROK in 2009 and more than
that are expected in 2010. Yu noted that at least 80 percent
of the refugees who come to the South are women, adding that
they are often abused by human traffickers. XXXXXXXXXXXX Yu
added that he was skeptical that the DPRK would engage in
dialogue with the EU about human rights.

...and Humanitarian Assistance to the North

-------------------------------------------

5. (C) Responding to a question from Ambassador King, Yu said
the North Korean grain harvest was approximately 4 million
metric tons (MMT), which was better than expected but still
short of the 4.5 MMT the regime needs to ensure stability.
(Note: The official ROKG estimate is that the DPRK harvest was
approximately 5 MMT. End note.) Given the North's chronic
transportation and storage problems, there would be starvation
"here and there" during the spring, Yu lamented. The foreign
minister said the ROK would be willing to provide
SECRET OF KOREA 안치용 위키리스크 공개 원문
"significant" food aid to the DPRK if Pyongyang asked for it
and agreed to monitoring. The ROK would not, Yu said, simply
give the North a huge amount of grain. Any aid would be given
in small amounts, he stressed. The foreign minister also said
the ROK would help fund work by NGOs to combat multi-drug-
resistant TB in the North, which has spread widely within the
DPRK's chronically malnourished population.

Follow-On Lunch with XXXXXXXXXXXX

--------------------------------

6. (C) At a lunch following the meeting with XXXXXXXXXX
reiterated the FM's call for the United States to XXXXXXXXXXXX

7. (C) XXXXXXXXXXXX thanked Ambassador King for his
willingness to keep the ROK updated on discussions between the
American Red Cross and its DPRK counterpart regarding
potential reunions between Korean-Americans and their
relatives in North Korea. XXXXXXXXXXXX said that North Korea
has made only token efforts to support North-South family
reunions and has "reacted badly" to Seoul's repeated calls for
the release of the approximately 1,000 abductees and POWs
believed to be still held by the DPRK. XXXXXXXXXXXX stressed
that Seoul appreciated Ambassador King's effort to keep the
family reunion, abductee, and POW issues on the proverbial
agenda. STEPHENS




SECRET OF KOREA 안치용 위키리스크 공개 원문

								
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