Honors U.S. History
Unit 7: Prosperity and Depression (1919-1939)
The American Journey, Chapters 24-25
NCSCOS Objectives and Essential Questions
• Elaborate on the cycle of economic boom and bust in the 1920s and 1930s.
< How did the economic, social, and political events of the early 1900s lead to the economic
cycles of the twenties and thirties?
< How did the variations in the economy in the 1920s cause major changes in that decade and
in the 1930s?
< How did early government reactions to the economic bust serve to worsen its effects?
• Analyze the extent of prosperity for different segments of society during this period.
< How were different groups of people affected by the business cycles of the 1920s and
< How do economic changes impact society?
< Why and how does economic prosperity vary so much from one segment of society to the
• Analyze the significance of social, intellectual, and technological changes of lifestyles in the
< How do technological and social changes impact American traditions?
< To what extent should the federal government attempt to effect economic and social
< What should the role of the federal government be in the economic and social lives of its
< What long term effects did the New Deal have on the United States?
• Describe challenges to traditional practices in religion, race, and gender.
< How were government programs in the 1920s and 1930s a challenge to traditional practices
in religion, race, and gender?
< How does conflict promote change in a nation’s identity?
< To what degree did America experience social progress during the 1920s and 1930s?
< How was America changed the 1920s and 1930s?
• Assess the impact of New Deal reforms in enlarging the role of the federal government in
< How did the role of the federal government change during the 1920s ands 1930s?
< Is it appropriate for the government to be involved in social and economic change?
< To what degree did America change positively or negatively during the 1920s and 1930s?
< Why did citizens allow the federal government to increase its power during the Great
Depression, and how did it impact the future of the nation?
“Return to Normalcy” “Lost Generation” Marcus Garvey
Laissez-faire Langston Hughes United Negro
Teapot Dome scandal Louis Armstrong Improvement
Albert Fall F. Scott Fitzgerald Association
Mechanization Ernest Hemingway W.E.B. Du Bois
Installment plan Sinclair Lewis Fundamentalism
Radio Speakeasies Scopes Trial
Market/advertising Bootleggers Aimee Semple McPherson
Jazz Babe Ruth Billy Sunday
Silent and “talkie” films Charles Lindbergh Margaret Sanger
The Jazz Singer Automobiles
Hawley-Smoot Tariff Deficit spending Tennessee Valley Authority
Speculation Social Security (TVA)
Buying on margin Federal Deposit Insurance National Industrial Recovery
“Black Tuesday” Corporation (FDIC) Act (NIRA)
Rugged individualism Securities and Exchange Works Progress
Direct relief Commission (SEC) Administration (WPA)
Easy credit Public Works Administration National Labor Relations Act
Overproduction (PWA) (Wagner Act)
Hoovervilles Civilian Conservation Corps Fair Labor Standards Act
Soup kitchens (CCC) Father Charles Coughlin
Breadlines Agricultural Adjustment Act Huey P. Long
FDR’s “Fireside Chats” (AAA) Frances Perkins
Zora Neale Hurston
27 28 29 30 31
1920s politics and economy
Unit 6 Test (pp.696-702, 715)
The Roaring Twenties
HW: reading notes on
Culture W ars (pp.709-13)
3 4 5 6 7
intolerance 1920s culture & society stock market simulation Hoover in the Depression
HW : reading notes on ELECTION DAY/ HW : reading notes on causes of the Great 1930s Democrats
Cities and Suburbs & M ass TEACHER W ORKDAY Hard Times in Hooverville Depression FDR
Culture in the Jazz Age (pp.726-31) HW : reading notes on HW: 1 st New Deal chart
(pp.702-9) Herbert Hoover and the (pp.734-38)
10 11 12 13 14
FDR’s opposition (see also effects of the New Deal
pp.747-48) VETERANS’ DAY review Unit 7 TEST review
Great Depression and the HOLIDAY HW : study for test
HW : 2 nd New Deal chart
(pp.738-40) & outline on
The New Deal and
American Life (pp.740-48)
The American Journey web site: http://www.phschool.com/access/goldfield_amer_journey.html
Ms. Bailey’s U.S. History page: http://www.riverside.dpsnc.net/teacherpages/cbailey/