Performance Tips

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					     Performance Tips
While these are likely not all the performance tips, they are the
   ones that have made significant differences on my system.
 I've seen a lot out there that have not made much difference.
             These are a few I've seen actually help.



Increasing Memory
Get a Faster Hard Drive
Defrag the Hard Drive
File System Settings
No New Floppy Detect
Increasing Disk Performance
DMA
CONFIG.SYS & AUTOEXEC.BAT Files
Removing Unnecessary Programs from Starting Automatically



Increasing Memory

If you have Windows95 with only 16-32 megs of memory, you
will see a significant increase in performance if you go to at least
64 megs.
Prices have gone down dramatically in the past few years. Your
computer won't be swapping to the hard drive nearly as much.

You also need to be aware of the memory requirements of the
applications you are using. Office2000 requires a lot more memory
than Office97 to get similar performance.
Also, the maximum useful memory for Windows95 is 64 megs. It
doesn't do well with memory over that and may actually reduce
your performance. Windows98 has removed that bottleneck. .

For Windows2000 I recommend at least 256 megs of memory. I
tried it with only 128 megs and noticed quite a difference between
Win98 and Windows2000. I currently have 384 megs and am quite
pleased with the performance.



Get a Faster Hard Drive

There are hard drives that spin at 7200 RPMs rather than the more
common 5400 RPMs.
This means that you will get to your data reasonably faster. They
are not that much more expensive and well worth the money.



Defrag the Hard Drive

I do this fairly frequently. Once a month or so. There are a few
things I do first to make sure I don't waste time defragging
unnecessary files.

   1. First is to delete the Internet Explorer Temporary Files and
      History.
   2. Second is to delete TMP and BAK files.
   3. Third is delete any files and directories in the \TEMP and
      \WINDOWS\TEMP directories
   4. Defragment without the swapfile. The instructions for this
      can be found at Defragmenting the Swap File
   5. Windows98 has a built-in utility called Disk Cleanup. You
      can run it from either the Start / Programs / Accessories /
      System Tools / Disk Cleanup or directly run
      CLEANMGR.EXE
File System Settings

If you have 64 megs or more of memory you increase the
performance of your system.

   1. Go to Control Panel / System Properties / Performance /
      File System.
   2. Change the typical role of this computer to Network Server.

If you have Win95 SR1, and you do not see a performance
increase, occasionally the NameCache and PathCache values are
written to the registry incorrectly for the Network Server. To fix
the problem:

   1. Start Regedit
   2. Go to
      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Win
      dows\CurrentVersion\FS Templates\Server
   3. Make sure the following values are being used:

      PathCache=40 00 00 00
      NameCache=a9 0a 00 00



No New Floppy Detect

While you are in that section, click on the Floppy Disk tab and
uncheck Search for new floppy disks...
This will speed up your boot time.



Increasing Disk Performance
   1. Go to Start \ Settings \ Control Panel \ System \
      Performance \ File System \ Troubleshooting
   2. Check the box Disable synchronous buffer commits.



DMA

In the Device Manager, go to the settings your Hard Drives and
CD ROMs. If any of them will allow a DMA box to be checked,
you can try it. I've seen it decrease my CPU utilization.

For setting DMA in Windows2000 go to Windows2000 Tips



CONFIG.SYS & AUTOEXEC.BAT Files

Make sure you don't have any unnecessary device drivers or
programs here. Windows95 has most you will need already built
into the OS.



Removing Unnecessary Programs from Starting
Automatically

Many programs add portions of themselves starting automatically
on every login.
This can be either in the Startup Folder or the Registry.

One easy way to tell is by looking at how many icons are in your
system tray. If you have a large number, perhaps unnecessary
resources are being allocated them as well as increasing your boot
time.

Typical examples are Microsoft Office, Office FindFast, Real
Player, ATI Video setting etc.
You can remove them in one of three main ways:

   1. In the Start / Programs / Startup Folder
   2. In the Registry under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \
      SOFTWARE \ Microsoft \ Windows \ CurrentVersion \
      Run
   3. If you have Win98, WinME or Windows2000 you can use
      MSCONFIG to easily remove programs. This is my
      preference since it allows you to toggle them back on again
      in case you make a mistake