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Aguadilla, Puerto Rico

Aguadilla, Puerto Rico
Aguadilla, Puerto Rico Time zone Gentilic Website AST (UTC-4) Aguadillanos City of Aguadilla

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Nickname(s): El Nuevo Jardín del Atlántico", "La Villa del Ojo de Agua", "El Pueblo de los Tiburones

Aguadilla /ˌaγwaˈdi.ja/ or /ˌaγwaˈdi.ʝa/ or /ˌaγwaˈdi.dʒa/, founded in 1775 by Luis de Córdova, is a city located in the northwestern tip of Puerto Rico bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, north of Aguada, and Moca and west of Isabela. Aguadilla is spread over 15 wards and Aguadilla Pueblo (The downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is a principal city of the Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastián Metropolitan Statistical Area. Aguadilla has been the recipient of the "Best Quality of Life Award", given by the National Mayor Association, in 2002 and 2004.

Location within the island of Puerto Rico

Coordinates: 18°25′48″N 67°9′16″W / 18.43°N 67.15444°W / 18.43; -67.15444 Country Territory Government - Mayor United States Puerto Rico Carlos Méndez Martínez (New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico) IV (AguadillaMayagüez) 17 (Aguadilla-Moca) 76.3 sq mi (197.7 km2) 36.6 sq mi (94.7 km2) 39 sq mi (100.9 km2) 326 ft (99 m) 64,685 1,769/sq mi (683/km2) 83.6% White 5.0% Black 0.2% American Ind/AN 0.2% Asian 0.1% Native Haw/PI 8.2% Some other race 2.8% Two or more races

History
The present territory of the City of Aguadilla, was originally part of the territory of Aguada, which segregated around 1780 to form an independent party. Formerly, all the section of Aguada’s territory that today contitutes the Victoria and Higüey wards was known as Aguadilla. Long before 1770 in Higüey existed a village, which in 1776 Fray Iñigo Abbot, in his description of the towns of the island, mentions as the "new Town of San Carlos of the Aguadilla." Nevertheless, according to Dr. Agustín Stahl in his "Foundation of Aguadilla", it was not until 1780 that the town was officially founded. The construction of a new church and the proceedings to become independent from Puerto Rico and to constitute itself an independent party began in the 1775. The population in the Village of Aguadilla continued to increase constantly mainly due to its excellent port and strategic location in the route of the boats. In 1776, when Santo Domingo became independent for the first time, the loyals to Spain emigrated to Puerto Rico, mainly to Aguadilla, which caused the population to continue increasing significantly. In 1831, according to Don Pedro Tomás de Córdova, the party of Aguadilla

- Senatorial dist. - Representative dist. Area - Total - Land - Water Elevation Population (2000) - Total - Density - Racial groups
(2000 Census) [1]

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Aguadilla, Puerto Rico
prepared the map of the City of Aguadilla and its wards and following instructions of city authorities, Higüey and parts of Caimital Alto wards are annexed to Downtown Aguadilla.

Ramey
Aguadilla was the site of the U.S. military’s Ramey Air Force Base for almost five decades. During this period, Aguadilla was home to the Strategic Air Command 72d Bombardment Wing, Heavy equipped with B-52s, a very strategic facility during the Cold War.During the early years of the base and throughout World War II, Puerto Ricans in the area became more Americanized than in remote locations, and the after effects are still apparent in Aguadilla, and other towns like Aguada, Moca and Isabela. The military and Puerto Ricans from the surrounding communities generally had good formal relations, but the undercurrent of resentment in many aspects of the relationship was always just below the surface. The Ugly American attitude was far more prevalent in those days than today, and almost all Puerto Ricans have stories of abusive treatment or gross discrimination. They were often treated like second class citizens in their own homeland. In fact, many Americans stationed in the area didn’t even realize that their fellow Americans were even American citizens. They expected the Puerto Ricans to treat them as if they were their great benefactors, rather than fellow American citizens.<Dennis C.Smith-Antilles 1995> Though the infrastructure still exists, it was handed over to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico in the 1973. The aerial facilities are now civilian controlled by the Puerto Rico Ports Authority. The facilities now make up the Rafael Hernandez International Airport. The barracks now host the Faro Inn Suites, a 79-room hotel. The Officer’s Club now hosts the Faro Conference Center, a 22,000-foot (6,700 m) meeting facility. The hospital is being transformed to become the Courtyard by Marriott Punta Borinquen Resort & Casino, a 150-room hotel with a casino and the first Marriott in Puerto Rico out of the San Juan Metropolitan Area. Ramey also hosts the University of Puerto Rico - Aguadilla Campus and the Friedrich Froebel Bilingual School (K-6). The High School became Ramey Job Corps Campus and the elementary school became the Esther

Aerial view of downtown Aguadilla. belonged to Aguada. At this time, the territorial organization of Aguadilla was as follows: Pueblo Norte (North Town), Pueblo Sur (South Town), Ceiba Alta, Ceiba Baja, Montaña, Malezas, Aguacate, Dos Palmas, Camaseyes, Plainela, Borinquen, Arenales, Higüey, Corrales, Victoria, and Mangual. Don Pedro Tomás de Córdova mentions the road of Aguadilla formed by the Point of Borinquen and the Point of San Francisco, as the "fordeadero of the ships that travel from Europe to Havana and Mexico". He adds that its "port is the most frequented in the Island due to the proportions that it offers to refresh all class of ship." In 1860, Aguadilla was officially declared a Village. Several years later, when the island was territorially organized into seven departments, Aguadilla became the head of the third department that included the municipalities of Aguada, Isabela, Lares, Moca, Rincon, and San Sebastián. In January 1841 a Royal Order transferred the judicial party from Aguada to the new Town of Aguadilla. In 1878, according to Don Manuel Ebeda y Delgado, the territorial organization of Aguadilla had varied a little. At this time Plainela, Higüey, and Mangual wards are not mentioned. The Dos Palmas ward appears as Palmar. Also at this time, three new wards are mentioned: Guerrero, Caimital Alto, and Caimital Bajo. In 1898, even with the change of sovereignty in the island, the territorial organization of Aguadilla is the same to that of 1878. Nevertheless, in the Census of 1899, downtown Aguadilla appears constituted by Higüey, Iglesia, Nueva, Santa Barbara, and Tamarindo wards. Malezas ward appears subdivided into Maleza Alta and Maleza Baja. From that time, the territorial organization of Aguadilla did not change, until 1948, when the Puerto Rico Department of Planning

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Feliciano Mendoza Middle School. Centro de Adiestramiento y Bellas Artes (CABA) since 1979 has being the only plublic school of arts in Puerto Rico (7-12). Ramey is also the site of the new Ramey Skating Park and a new "mariposario" (butterfly farm). There is still an active part of the base that hosts the Coast Guard Borinquen Air Station. There are also other government agencies based at Ramey. They include the United States Department of Homeland Security, Customs & Border Protection, and the United States Border Patrol, the Fuerzas Unidas de Rápida Acción (United Forces for Rapid Action) of the Puerto Rico State Police and the Puerto Rico National Guard. There is also a post office, the Centro de Servicios al Conductor (Driver’s Services Center), a bakery, and a Banco Popular de Puerto Rico location.

Aguadilla, Puerto Rico
other facilities. At this time, the village also began its Patron Festival. The clothing industry was a major source of employment. Prosperity and happiness came to an end, when the news that the Federal Government needed the land to built an air base that came to be known as Ramey Air Force Base.In September 1939, some 3,796 acres (15.4 km2) covered by sugar cane, was expropriated for the military at the cost of $1,215,000. Since the foundation, the village has suffered three expropriations as a result of expansions to Ramey Air Force Base. This expropriations delayed and ended the plans to turn San Antonio into a town. Today, the population of San Antonio consists of approximately 10 thousand people. It has a modern square, a Puerto Rico State Police Station, a coliseum, an industrial park, public housing, a baseball park, a public school system, shops, and many other, charasteristics of a small town. Also, as a characteristic of a town, has a flag and an emblem. The creation of the flag and emblem was done by Roberto Román Acevedo.

San Antonio
The beginning of San Antonio Village was back in the mid-19th century. It was composed by 60 families. Originally the place where these families were located was known as Bajura de Vadi, place later to be known as San Antonio. In 1918, as a consequence of the San Fermín earthquake, the village was totally destroyed by a tsunami. The families suffered the struggles cause by this natural disaster, due by the proximity of the village to the shore. The residents of the village decided re-localize the village in a higher area further from shore. The new location was what today is known as Ramey. At this new location prosperity was not to be delayed. Various leaders and commercial owners of the time, took a step to carry the village forward. Most of the poor houses disappeared. The village’s infrastructure started its evolution. Luis R. Esteves and Juan Garcia established the first two theaters in the area. A new was social club form, known as "Luz del Porvenir" (Light of the Future). A new school system was the pride of the village because it offered them the opportunity to give their children an education without having to go 9 miles (14 km) south downtown. There was also a new bakery and a post office, among

Tragedy on election day in 1944
On the early morning hours of November 7, 1944, Puerto Rico suffered the most violent railroad accident in its history in Aguadilla.[2] Train No. 3 was traveling from San Juan to Ponce carrying passengers to their different hometowns for the island general elections to be held that same day. It stopped at the Jimenez Station in Aguadilla for a routine engineer and boilerman exchange with Train No. 4 which was heading towards San Juan. The engineer assigned to Train No. 3’s ride from Jimenez Station to Ponce was Jose Antonio Roman, an experienced freight train engineer, but who had never worked in passenger travel.[2] When the train left the station at 2:00am, it was hauling 6 passenger cars with hundreds of commuters and two freight cars. At 2:20 a.m. the train started to descend a hill section known as Cuesta Vieja (Old Hill) in Aguadilla at what some witnesses described as an exaggerated speed. When the train reached the leveling-off point at the bottom of the hill it derailed. The steam locomotive crashed into a ditch where it exploded and one of the freight cars crashed into one of the passenger cars, killing many inside.

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Witnesses described the scene as horrendous, with some accounts stating that parents were throwing their children out the windows to save them from the wreckage.[2] Chief of Police Guillermo Arroyo stated that the locomotive (No. 72), the express car, and three second class passenger cars were completely destroyed. Oscar Valle, an Aguadilla correspondent to the local El Mundo newspaper, summarized the scene in a more dramatic way: "The locomotive suffered a terrible explosion as it derailed, and the impact was so strong that 3 passenger cars were converted into a fantastic mound of wreckage.[2] In the end, 16 passengers lost their lives, including the engineer and the boilerman, and 50 were injured in the crash. • Jaicoa Mountains

Aguadilla, Puerto Rico

Government
City
Aguadilla City Government is based at the Alcaldia (Aguadilla City Hall) in Downtown Aguadilla. Aguadilla is governed by a mayor that is elected to a four-year term. There is also a City Council that is appointed by the mayor.

State
Most state agencies are based at the Government Center Building with the exception of the Corporación del Seguro del Estado (State Insurance Agency) and the Centro de Servicios al Conductor (Driver’s Services Center). Most state agencies left their offices after the Senatorial District was taken away from Aguadilla.

Demographics
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 15,943 — 1960 1970 1980 1990 21,031 54,606 59,335 31.9% 159.6% 8.7%

Security
Aguadilla has its own police department, Policía Municipal Aguadilla (Aguadilla City Police Department), located in Aguadilla Pueblo. The A.C.P.D. only has jurisdiction in the municipality of Aguadilla and provide service and protection to local citizens and travelers alike. Aguadilla also hosts the Puerto Rico State Police Command for the its Region. This region covers Aguada, Aguadilla, Isabela, Moca, Rincón and San Sebastián. It also hosts the PRSP Highway Patrol Division for its region, the FURA Division of the PRSP, the US Army Reserve Center, PR National Guard, and the Border Patrol. Its also serve by another PRSP station in San Antonio Village (Precinct 203 Ramey-San Antonio).

64,685 9.0% 2000 As a whole, Puerto Rico is comprised mainly of people from a Creole (born on the Island of European descent) or Spanish and European descent, with small groups of African and Asian people. Statistics taken from the 2000 census shows that 83.6% of Aguadillanos have Spanish or white origin, 5.0% are black, 0.2% are Amerindian, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, 8.2% were Some other race, 2.8% Two or more races.

Barrios (Districts/ Wards)[3]
• Aguacate • Aguadilla Pueblo • Arenales • Borinquen • Caimital Alto • Caimital Bajo • • • • • Camaceyes • Maleza Ceiba Alta Alta Ceiba Baja • Maleza Corrales Baja Guerrero • Montaña • Palmar • Victoria

Projects
Current
• Courtyard by Marriott Aguadilla: Now Open • Constructing a 5-story building called "Plaza Mercado" on the same site as the old "Plaza Mercado" (under construction) • Electronic Library - Downtown Branch (under construction)(inauguration will be hold in July, 2009). • Renovations to Luis A. Canera Marquez Stadium (undergoing)

Geography
• Culebrinas River

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• "Paseo Real Marina" a new boardwalk along Aguadilla Bay (under construction) • Renovations the beautiful Las Cascadas Water Park (Undergoing)

Aguadilla, Puerto Rico
Aguadilla has two other industrial sites: Montaña Industrial Park and Camaseyes. Suiza Dairy, Micron Technology and Productos La Aguadillana are located in Camaseyes. While the Puerto Rico State Police Academy, Automeca Technical College, and another branch of Hewlett Packard are located in Montaña.

Future
• Upgrade downtown Aguadilla by putting power lines underground • New expressway (an extension of existent PR-22 from Hatillo) • A National Cemetery

Communication

Economy

King Face Public Transportation Terminal

Radio
An entrance to Aguadilla Mall • WABA WABA La Grande 850AM is located in Aguadilla. • WUNA-AM better known as Radio Una 1240AM is located in Aguadilla

Business
The retail sector has flourished with the building of the Aguadilla Mall along with Aguadilla Shopping Center, Aguadilla Town Center, Plaza Ferram, and Plaza Victoria. There are also stores on the downtown area. Major banks are represented in Aguadilla. These include the Banco Popular de Puerto Rico, Citi bank, Banco Santander, Scotiabank, Westernbank and Euro Bank.

Television
• WOLE-TV Telemundo 12 both in Aguadilla. • WELU is a religious broadcast company. • WPRU-LP ABC 20 is an ABC affiliated station. • WSJP-LP CW 30 is a CW Television Network affiliated station. • WSJX-LP FOX 24 is a Fox affiliated station.

Industrial
Aguadilla was once primarily a fishing village, but has changed with the times. Although there is still a great deal of commercial fishing in Aguadilla, the city is now also home to a variety of industrial plants ranging from Tyco, LifeScan, Symmetricom and Hewlett Packard at San Antonio Technological Park. These industrial plants have drastically increased the income per capita of Aguadilla, giving rise to a robust middle class and upper-middle class, by Puerto Rican standards.

Transportation
Air
Rafael Hernández Airport

Roads
Interstate PR-2 (Rafael Henández Highway). Plans are underway for a new expressway, an expansion to existing Puerto Rico Highway 22 (José de Diego Expressway) from Hatillo and it will probably end at Puerto Rico Highway 111.

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Aguadilla, Puerto Rico
• Banyan Treehouse - Wooden House around a banyan tree. Any of its parts touches the tree. • Campanitas de Cristal Fountain • Cathedral San Carlos Barromeo • Christopher Columbus Monument Consists of a cross originally made of marble. It also had to be rebuilt after the earthquake. • Cristobal Colón Park El FishEl Jardin Las Mer- CasParerdel en- Atlántico terre man’s cadero das MonuSq. ment Water Park • El Merendero • El Parterre Jose de Jesus Esteves "Ojo de Agua" • Fisherman’s Monument • Jardin del Atlántico Square • Las Cascadas (The Waterfalls) Water Park • Old Sugar Pier Paseo Punta Punta Punta RaMiguel BorinBorinBorinfael Gar-quen quen quen HernánciaLightGolfdez LightMen- MonuCourse house house dez Ruins ment • Paseo Miguel Garcia Mendez • Punta Borinquen Golf Course - Is an 18 hole golf course, originally built for President Dwight D. Eisenhower. • Punta Borinquen Lighthouse • Punta Borinquen Lighthouse Ruins • Rafael Hernández Monument • Rafael Hernandez Square • Ramey Skate Park New • Tribunal Supremo (Old Courthouse) • Youth Fountain Juan Ponce de Leon Park Old WilBoard Crash AguaCourtWalk Boat derdilla house Beach ness Ice Beach Skating Arena

Rafael Hernandez International Airport View of the Passenger Terminal

Public
King Face Public Transportation Terminal

Tourism
Aguadilla is part of "Porta del Sol", as the west coast is now publicize by the Puerto Rico Tourism Company. Local tourism has been boosted by the creation of the water park "Las Cascadas" (the waterfalls), and the Caribbean’s only ice skating complex (the Aguadilla Ice Skating Arena). Aguadilla is most famous for its world class surfing beaches. Aguadilla’s beaches, being the most numerous of all other municipalities,[4] host a variety of amateur and professional surfing events every year. They have also hosted a variety of championships, including the ISA world championships in 1968 and 1988. Famous surfing spots in Aguadilla include "Surfer’s Beach", "Table Tops", "Gas Chamber", "Las Ruinas", and "Survival".

Landmarks and Places of Interest
AguaBanCamCathedColumdilla bus yan panral City San Treeitas Cross HallCarhouse de Cristal los Fountain • Aguadilla City Hall - Originally built in 1918. Reconstructed after the 1918 earthquake.

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# 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th Mayor Adrián del Valle José Monserrate Deliz Luis A. Torregrosa José Francisco Estévez Ramón Añeses Morell Wenceslao Herrera Alfonso José Badillo Nieves Rodolfo Acevedo Fernando Milán Term 1899 - 1903 1903 – 1905 1905 – 1907 1907 – 1911 1911 – 1933 1933 - 1941 1941 – 1945 1945 1945 – 1949 1949 – 1953 1953 – 1957 1957 1957 – 1969 1969 – 1973 1973 – 1977 1977 – 1981 1981 – 1987 1987 – 1988 1988 – 1996 1996 – 1997 1997 – Present Party None None None None None None None None None None None None None NPP PDP NPP PDP PDP NPP NPP NPP

Aguadilla, Puerto Rico
Notes

10th Rafael Cabán Peña 11th Rafael A. Guntín López 12th Herminio Blás 13th José Acevedo Álvarez 14th Emilio Cerezo Muñoz 15th Conchita Igartúa de Suárez 16th Joaquín Acevedo Moreno 17th Alfredo González Pérez 18th Gustavo Herrera López 19th Ramón Calero Bermúdez 20th Agnes Bermúdez Acevedo 21st Carlos Méndez Martínez

Interim Pass away on 1996 Interim Incumbent; fourth term

Beaches
• • • • • • Crash Boat Beach La Ponderosa Beach La Poza Beach La Saldinera Beach Surfer’s Beach Wilderness Beach (Las Ruinas)

Education
Aguadilla is home to 16 elementary schools, 5 middle schools, and 3 high schools. Mostly owned & operated by the Puerto Rico Department of Education. It also hosts the Head Start Program for Aguadilla, Aguada, Moca, Rincón, and San Sebastián and a number of private institutions.

Festivals and Events
• • • • • • • • Velorio de Reyes ()- January Festival de la Chiringa () - April Fiestas San Antonio - April Verbena de Corrales - May Festival Playero () - June Festival del Atún () - July Festival de la Música () - July Fiestas Patronales San Carlos () - October

Higher Education
Aguadilla hosts the following universities: • Metropolitan University - Aguadilla Campus • Inter-American University of Puerto Rico Aguadilla Campus • University of Puerto Rico - Aguadilla Campus • Automeca Technical College • Century College • La Reine Institute of Cosmetology & Esthetics

Mayors

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Club Aguadilla Sharks League Superior Baseball League Sport Baseball

Aguadilla, Puerto Rico
Venue Luis A. Canera Marquez Stadium

Aguadilla Divas Female Superior Volleyball League • Universal Technology College of Puerto Rico (UniTech) The US Job Corps - Aguadilla Chapter also serves those who want to attain a higher education.

Volleyball Luis T. Diaz Coliseum

for a future ECHL Minor League Hockey franchise for the city. Also there are plans for a Miami Dolphins NFL Exhibition game to be held at the Luis A. Canera Marquez Stadium.

Aguadilla Library System
There is an existent library in San Antonio Village and another one under construction in Downtown Aguadilla.

References
[1] Demographics/Ethnic U.S 2000 census [2] ^ La Tragedia del 7 de noviembre de 1944 (The Tragedy of November 7, 1944) by Haydee E. Reichard de Cancio, El Nuevo Dia, Por Dentro Section, Pg. 116, December 7, 1996, retrieved on July 31, 2006 (Spanish) [3] http://welcome.topuertorico.org/maps/ aguadilla.pdf [4] Jesús Omar Rivera. "En Aguadilla ¡...son tan lucíos!" (in Spanish). Primera Hora. http://www.primerahora.com/XStatic/ primerahora/template/ espnota.aspx?n=177128&ms=boricuazo.

Health
There are two major medical facilities in Aguadilla. • Hospital Buen Samaritano (Good Samaritan Hospital) • Aguadilla Medical Services There are also a number of private doctor’s offices.

Sports
The Aguadilla Divas of the Female Superior Volleyball League play their home games in the Luis T. Diaz Coliseum in Downtown Aguadilla from January to March. Also in Aguadilla is Parque Colón and the Aguadilla Sharks of the Superior Baseball League (Double-A) plays its home games at Luis A. Canera Marquez Stadium from February to May. Aguadilla is also a place where many famous baseball players originate from. There are plans

External links
• Aguadilla and its barrios, United States Census Bureau • Aguadilla.com - Portada • Mi Aguadillita Querida • WikiTravel: Aguadilla • Welcome to Puerto Rico Aguadilla • Map of Aguadilla Puerto Rico • Aguadilla Web • Porta del Sol: Aguadilla

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aguadilla,_Puerto_Rico" Categories: Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, Settlements established in 1775, Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastián metropolitan area This page was last modified on 24 May 2009, at 18:23 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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