Sources of Nonpoint Source Water Pollution in forestry and silviculture: - Timber harvesting Roads Wildfire Recreation Logging without using Best Management Practices (BMPs) can damage the watershed and the forest itself. Roads in forests can create significant opportunities for erosion. Poorly designed forest roads lead to undercutting and sediment flow into streams. Driving on marshy ground that is not frozen leaves permanent ruts. Forest fires and careless use of wilderness areas can strip the land. After heavy rain, land stripped of cover can create a mud bank clogging our waterways and reservoirs with sediment. Creating trails or roads using off-road vehicles or bikes destroys ground cover and creates ideal situations for erosion. Traffic in wild areas destroys ground cover and soil can wash into streams. What can we do to protect our forests from Nonpoint Source Pollution? Careful logging can enhance forests. Follow the harvesting guidelines designed for the topography, soil type and season. Cable logging is one best management practice (BMP) that can protect the forest and the watershed. Careful logging considers the entire watershed and forest before any harvest Streamside management zones at least 50 feet from any water body, create a natural sediment filter using a riparian “green zone--” a recommended practice for forests, farms and urban areas. Forest roads and stream crossings can be designed for all seasons to protect the watershed. Practice fire safety as well as all “leave no trace” principles when enjoying outdoor recreation. Camp or travel on marked trails or durable surfaces to protect the land surface and the water. Staying on properly designed roads and marked trails protects the ground cover.
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