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Yankee Stadium (1923)

Yankee Stadium (1923)
Yankee Stadium The House That Ruth Built The Stadium, The Big Ballpark in the Bronx The Cathedral of Baseball, The Bronx Zoo Old Yankee Stadium Field dimensions Left Field - 318 feet (97 m) Left-Center - 399 feet (122 m) Center Field - 408 feet (124 m) Right-Center - 385 feet (117 m) Right Field - 314 feet (96 m) Backstop - 84 feet (26 m)

Tenants New New New New New New New New New New New York York York York York York York York York York York Yankees (MLB) (1923-1973, 1976-2008) Yankees (AFL I) (1926) Yankees (NFL) (1927-1928) Yankees (AFL II) (1936-1937) Yankees (AFL III) (1940) Americans (AFL III) (1941) Yankees (AAFC) (1946-1949) Yanks (NFL) (1950-1951) Giants (NFL) (1956-1973) Generals (USA / NASL) (1967-1968) Cosmos (NASL) (1971, 1976)

The original Yankee Stadium is a stadium located in The Bronx in New York City, New Main entrance of Stadium post-1976 refurbishment York. It served as the home baseball park of East 161st Street and River Avenue,Major League Baseball’s New York Yankees Location from 1923 to 1973 and after extensive renovThe Bronx, New York City, NY 10451 ations, from 1976 to 2008. Located at East 40°49′37″N 73°55′41″W / 40.82694°N Coordinates 161st Street and River Avenue, the stadium 73.92806°W / 40.82694; -73.92806Coordinates: 40°49′37″N has a capacity of 57,545 and hosted 6,581 Yankees regular season home games during 73°55′41″W / 40.82694°N 73.92806°W / 40.82694; -73.92806 its 85-year history. It was also the former home of the New York Giants football team, April 18, 1923 Opened as well as the host of twenty of boxing’s most reopened April 15, 1976 famous fights and three Papal Masses. The September 30, 1973 (renovations) Closed stadium’s nickname, "The House That Ruth September 21, 2008 (final game) Built" comes from the iconic Babe Ruth, the 2009-2010 (estimated) Demolished baseball superstar whose prime years coincided with the beginning of the Yankees’ winThe City of New York Owner ning history. New York Yankees Operator Yankee Stadium is one of the most famous venues in the United States, having hosted a Grass Surface variety of events and many historic moments Construction $2.4 million (1923) during its existence. Its primary occupants, $167 million (1976) cost the Yankees, have won more World Series Osborne Engineering Corporation championships (26) than any other major Architect (1923) league club and Yankee Stadium has hosted Praeger-Kavanaugh-Waterbury (1976) 37 World Series, more than any other baseball stadium. The Stadium also hosted the 58,000 (1923) • 82,000 (1927) • Capacity 62,000 (1929) • 71,699 (1937) • major-league All-Star Game four times: 1939, 70,000 (1942) • 67,000 (1948) • 1960, 1977, and, as part of its curtain call, 67,205 (1958) • 67,337 (1961) • 2008. 67,000 (1965) • 65,010 (1971) • In 2006, the Yankees began construction 54,028 (1976) • 57,145 (1977) • on a new $1.8 billion stadium in public 57,545 (1980) • 56,936 (2008)

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parkland adjacent to the original Yankee Stadium. The new stadium opened in 2009, and most of the old stadium, including the aboveground structure, is to be demolished to become parkland.[1] The first game at the stadium was held on April 18, 1923, with the Yankees beating the Boston Red Sox 4–1. The final game at the stadium was held on September 21, 2008, with the Yankees beating the Baltimore Orioles 7–3.

Yankee Stadium (1923)
League (which proved true, as both would eventually relocate to California following the 1957 season). Huston and Ruppert would end up footing the bill for construction of the $2.5 million stadium.

History
Planning and construction
The Yankees had played at the Polo Grounds in northern Manhattan since 1913, sharing the venue with the New York Giants. However, relations between the two teams were rocky, with the Giants harboring resentment towards the Yankees. For the 1920 season, the Yankees acquired star slugger Babe Ruth and in his first year with his new team, the Yankees drew 1.3 million fans to the Polo Grounds, outdrawing the Giants. In 1921, the Yankees won their first American League pennant (but lost the 1921 World Series to the Giants in eight games, all played at the Polo Grounds). This exacerbated Giants owner Charles Stoneham’s resentment of the Yankees and precipitated his insistence that the Yankees find another place to play their home games. The Giants derisively suggested that the Yankees relocate "to Queens or some other out-of-the-way place." Tillinghast L’Hommedieu Huston and Jacob Ruppert, the Yankees’ owners since January 1915, decided to proceed with building their team its own stadium. They did so at considerable financial risk and speculation. Baseball teams typically played in 30,000-seat facilities, but Huston and Ruppert invoked Ruth’s name when asked how the Yankees could justify a ballpark with 60,000 seats. The doubt over the Yankees’ lasting power was amplified by baseball’s sagging popularity after the 1919 Black Sox Scandal, in which eight Chicago White Sox players were expelled for conspiring with gamblers to fix that year’s World Series. Many people also felt three baseball teams could not prosper in New York City, but Huston and Ruppert were confident the Yankees could outlast the more established Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants of the National

Main entrance during the 1920s Huston and Ruppert explored many areas for Yankee Stadium. Of the other sites being considered, the Hebrew Orphan Asylum, at Amsterdam Avenue between 136th and 138th streets in Manhattan, nearly became reality. Consideration was also given to building atop railroad tracks on the West Side of Manhattan (an idea revived in 1998) and to Long Island City, in Queens. The area Huston and Ruppert settled on was a 10-acre (4-hectare) lumberyard in the Bronx within walking distance from, and in sight of, Coogan’s Bluff. The Polo Grounds was located on the Manhattan side of the Harlem River, at 155th Street and Eighth Avenue. Huston and Ruppert purchased the lumberyard from William Waldorf Astor for $600,000. Construction began May 5, 1922, and Yankee Stadium opened to the public less than a year later. The stadium’s walls were built of "an extremely hard and durable concrete that was developed by Thomas Edison",[2] with total of 20,000 cubic yards (26,000 cubic meters) of concrete used in the original structure.[3]

1923–1973
The Stadium was the first facility in North America with three tiers, although the triple deck originally extended only to the left and right field corners. The concrete lower deck extended well into left field, with the obvious

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Yankee Stadium (1923)

Aerial view of Yankee Stadium as it looked from 1928-1936, pre-night baseball intention of extending the upper deck over it, which was accomplished during the 1926–1927 off-season. As originally built, the stadium seated 58,000. For the stadium’s first game, the announced attendance was 74,217 (with another 25,000 turned away); however, Yankees business manager Ed Barrow later admitted that this number was likely heavily overestimated. Regardless of what the figure was, it was undoubtedly more than the 42,000 fans who attended game five of the 1916 World Series at Braves Field, baseball’s previous attendance record. However, during the 1920s and 1930s, the Yankees’ popularity was such that crowds in excess of 80,000 were not uncommon. It was referred to as "the Yankee stadium" (with the "s" in "stadium" sometimes lowercase) until the 1950s. Yankee Stadium underwent more extensive renovations from 1936 through 1938. The wooden bleachers were replaced with concrete, shrinking the "death valley" area of left and center substantially, although the area was still much deeper than in most ballparks; and the second and third decks were extended to short right center. Runways were left between the bleachers and the triple-deck on each end, serving as bullpens. By 1938, the Stadium had assumed the "classic" shape that it would retain for the next 35 years. In 1962, Rice University Alumnus John Cox ’27 gave Yankee Stadium to Rice University. In 1971 the city of New York forced (via eminent domain) Rice to sell the stadium for a mere $2.5 million. In the 1966–67 offseason, during the period in which Rice owned the stadium, the concrete exterior was painted white, and the interior

Yankee Stadium in 1957. Note the monuments in play in center field was painted blue.[4] The copper frieze circling the upper deck was painted white. By the late 1960s, Yankee Stadium’s condition had badly deteriorated, and the surrounding neighborhood had gone downhill as well. In 1971, CBS, which owned the Yankees at the time, proposed extensive renovations to Yankee Stadium. However, this would have required the Yankees to play their home games at Shea Stadium in Queens, the regular home of the New York Mets. The Mets, as Shea’s primary tenants, resisted the proposal, effectively delaying renovation. CBS then gave serious thought to building a stadium in the New Jersey Meadowlands before selling the Yankees to George Steinbrenner in 1972 for $10 million. Finally, in mid-1972, Mayor John Lindsay stepped in and announced the city would buy Yankee Stadium for $24 million and lease it back to the Yankees. As the city already owned Shea Stadium, the Mets were ultimately unable to prevent the Yankees from sharing their venue. Yankee Stadium closed on September 30, 1973 for the two-year facelift.

1974–75 renovations and beyond
While Yankee Stadium was being renovated, the Yankees played the 1974 and 1975 seasons in Shea Stadium. Since the renovation significantly altered the appearance of the ballpark, some consider the rebuilt Yankee Stadium a different facility from the pre-renovation stadium. For example, the ESPN Sports Almanac considers the renovated stadium to be "Yankee Stadium II," and the pre-renovated facility to be

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Yankee Stadium (1923)

Yankee Stadium undergoing renovations, 1975. "Yankee Stadium I". Other books, such as Green Cathedrals, make no such distinction. Among the more noticeable differences resulting from the renovation was the removal of the 118 columns reinforcing each tier of the Stadium’s grandstand. The Stadium’s roof, including its distinctive 15-foot (5-meter) copper frieze, was replaced by the new upper shell and new lights were added. A white painted concrete replica of the frieze was added atop the wall encircling the bleachers. The playing field was lowered by about seven feet and moved outward slightly. The original wooden stadium seats were replaced with wider plastic ones, and the upper deck expanded upward nine rows, excluding the walkway. A new upper concourse was built above the old and original concourse exits were closed in by new seating. A new loge middle tier was built featuring a larger press box and 16 luxury boxes at the expense of general seating. Roughly 1/3 of the bleacher seats were eliminated, their middle section converted to a blacked-out batter’s eye. A wall was built behind the bleachers blocking the views from Gerard Avenue and the elevated subway platform above River Avenue. On this wall, the Yankees erected the first instant replay display in baseball. All told, the Stadium was reduced to a listed capacity of 57,545. The Stadium’s playing field was substantially shortened, with monuments once in play relegated to a newly created Monument Park and deep center reduced by over 40 feet. The cost of the 1970s renovations, $160 million, was originally borne by New York City and is now being paid off by New York State.. The Stadium reopened on April 15, 1976.[5] More than 54,000 fans saw the The post-renovation interior of the stadium, as it appeared in 2008, its final season. Yankees beat the Minnesota Twins, 11–4, and the "new Stadium" hosted its first playoff and World Series games that October. In the 1985, the left field fence was moved in, and the stadium assumed its final dimensions in 1988. In April 1998, during the stadium’s 75th anniversary, a 500 lb. piece of concrete beam spalled and destroyed one seat along the third-base line, resulting in the scheduled game being moved to Shea Stadium. A twoweek inspection followed before the park was certified safe to reopen.

Closing and demolition

Logo to commemorate the stadium’s final season. Public tours of Yankee Stadium, which had resumed in early October, continued until

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November 23, 2008. November 9, 2008 was the last day the public tours included Monument Park and the retired number area. On November 12, 2008 construction workers began removing memorials from Monument Park for relocation to the new facility.[6] On November 8, 2008 former Yankees Scott Brosius, Paul O’Neill, David Cone and Jeff Nelson, all members of the 1998 World Series championship team, joined 60 children from two Bronx based youth groups Youth Force 2020 and the ACE Mentor Program in ceremoniously digging up home plate, the pitcher’s mound pitching plate (rubber) and the surrounding dirt of both areas and transporting them to comparable areas of the New Yankee Stadium.[7] An official closing ceremony was reportedly scheduled to occur in November 2008, but was canceled [8] and perhaps never under serious consideration. Yankee officials said that while the team had contemplated a final ceremony (with any proceeds going to charity), talk of a concert was just media speculation.[9] The front office staff vacated the premises on January 23, 2009.[10] Demolition began in March 2009[11] and is expected to be complete by late 2010. [12] As of May 13, 2009, the process of removing seats has begun.[13]

Yankee Stadium (1923)
stadia was unit of measure--the length of a footrace; the buildings that housed footraces were called stadiums. Yankee Stadium was one of the first to be deliberately designed as a multi-purpose facility. The field was initially surrounded by a (misshapen) quarter-mile (0.4 km) running track, which effectively also served as a warning track for outfielders, a feature now standard on all major league fields. The left and right field bleacher sections were laid out at right angles to each other, and to the third base stands, to be properly positioned for both track-and-field events and football. The large electronic scoreboard in right-center field, featuring both teams’ lineups and scores of other baseball games, was the first of its kind. As Yankee Stadium owed its creation largely to Ruth, its design partially accommodated the game’s left-handed-hitting slugger. Initially the fence was 295 feet (90 m) from home plate down the right-field line, referred to as the "short porch", and 350 feet (110 m) to near right field, compared with 490 feet (150 m) to the deepest part of center field, nicknamed Death Valley. The right-field bleachers were appropriately nicknamed "Ruthville." Although the right field fences were eventually pushed back after the 1974-1975 renovations, they were still relatively close to home plate and retained the "short porch" moniker.

Features
Design

Monument Park

An aerial view of Yankee Stadium shows the asymmetrical shape of the venue. Yankee Stadium was the first three-tiered sports facility in the United States and one of the first baseball parks to be given the lasting title of stadium. Baseball teams typically played in a park or a field. The word stadium deliberately evoked ancient Greece, where a

The entrance to the monuments and plaques, at the end of the retired numbers display. Monument Park was an open-air museum that contained the Yankees’ retired numbers, as well as a collection of monuments and plaques honoring distinguished members of

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the New York Yankees. It was located beyond the left-center field fences, near the bullpens. The origins of Monument Park can be traced to the original three monuments of Lou Gehrig, Miller Huggins, and Babe Ruth that once used to stand in-play in center field. Over the years, the Yankees continued to honor players and personnel with additional monuments and plaques. After the 1974–1975 renovations of Yankee Stadium, the monuments and plaques were moved behind the outfield fences to "Monument Park." A visual collection of retired numbers was soon added to this location. Monument Park remained there until the stadium’s closing in 2008; after the new Yankee Stadium opened, the retired numbers, plaques, and monuments were moved into a new Monument Park in the new ballpark.

Yankee Stadium (1923)
billboards behind the bleachers, its current location. In the new stadium, the facade was replicated in its original position along the roof of the upper deck, although now constructed of steel painted white. The iconic facade is employed in graphics for the YES Network and was incorporated into the logo for the 2008 All-Star Game held at the Stadium. The term "facade" is actually a misnomer. The scalloped arches are actually a frieze, and it was originally known as such. It is unknown when or where the term "facade" came into use, but it has become the more common name,[14] used by fans, broadcasters, and personnel. With the move to the new stadium, the organization has made a move to return to the term "frieze", exclusively using it in public statements and literature.

The Facade

Outfield dimensions

The facade over the wall behind the bleachers One of the most distinguishing characteristics of Yankee Stadium is the "facade", a white frieze that runs along the bleacher billboards and scoreboard. The facade was an addition made by Osbourne Engineering, when the owners of the Yankees asked that the stadium be given "an air of dignity".[14] It originally ran around the roof of the grandstand’s upper deck. This original facade was copper, although it was painted white in the 1960s. When the stadium was renovated in the 1970s, the upper deck was expanded upwards, and the support columns were removed. Without the columns to support it, the roof had to be scaled back, and the facade was removed. A smaller, concrete version was erected above the scoreboards and

Left field dimensions in 1943 In its existence, Yankee Stadium changed its dimensions several times. Many photographs taken throughout the stadium’s history are used as references, as the Yankees were among the first to post distance markers on the outfield walls. The 415 sign, and its 367 counterpart in right field, were both covered by auxiliary scoreboards installed between 1948 and 1949. Those boards displayed the current game inning-by-inning along with runs-hitserrors. When the stadium reopened in 1976, the distance in straight-away center field was 417 feet. the deepest part of the outfield was in left center at 430 feet. The most recent field dimensions were reached primarily by moving the Yankee bullpen to left-center from right and making a few other changes so as to bring the left-center field wall in. The

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Yankee Stadium (1923)

Year Left Straightaway Left Straightaway Right Straightaway Right Backstop Field Left Field Center Center Field Center Right Field Field Line Line 1923 285 ft. 1937 301 ft. 1976 312 ft. 1985 312 ft. 1988 318 ft. 395 ft. 402 ft/ 415 ft. 387 ft. 379 ft. 379 ft. 460 ft. 490 ft. 457 ft. 461 ft. 430 ft. 417 ft. 411 ft. 410 ft. 399 ft. 408 ft. 425 ft. 407 ft. 385 ft. 385 ft. 385 ft. 350 ft. 367 ft/ 344 ft. 353 ft. 353 ft. 353 ft. 295 ft. 82 ft. 296 ft. 82 ft. 310 ft. 84 ft. 310 ft. 84 ft. 314 ft. 82 ft.

left-center field wall locations from earlier years of the remodeled stadium can still be seen, as this is where the outfield bleacher seats began. The following is a partial list of the stadium’s dimensions throughout the years:[15][16][17]

Traditions and mainstays
Bob Sheppard
Since 1951, Bob Sheppard has been the public address announcer at Yankee Stadium. His distinctive voice (Yankee legend Reggie Jackson has called him "the Voice of God"), and the way he announces players for over half a century has made him a part of the lore of the stadium and the team. Before a player’s first at-bat of the game, Sheppard announces his uniform number, his name, his position, and his number again. Example: "Now batting for the Yankees, number 2, Derek Jeter, the shortstop, Number 2." For each following at-bat, Sheppard announces just the position and name: "The shortstop, Derek Jeter." Before every at bat at Yankee Stadium, Jeter has a recording of Bob Sheppard’s voice saying "Now batting for the Yankees, Number 2, Derek Jeter. Number 2." Sheppard, in a recorded message played at the stadium’s final game, has announced his intentions to return to announcing at the new Yankee Stadium when it opens in 2009. Sheppard’s long-term back-up is Jim Hall.

by Eddie Layton from its introduction until his retirement after the 2003 season. The playing of the organ has added to the character of the stadium for many years, playing before games, introducing players, during the national anthem and the rendition of "Take me out to the ball game" during the seventh inning stretch. After Layton’s retirement, he got to pick his replacement, Paul Cartier.[18] In recent years, the use of the organ has been decreased in place of recorded music between innings and introducing players. Since the 2004 season, the national anthem has rarely been performed by the organists, opting for military recordings of the Star Spangled Banner. In 2005, a new Hammond Elegante was installed replacing the original Hammond Colonnade.

Music
One of the most famous traditions for Yankee Stadium is playing Frank Sinatra’s classic version of the "Theme from New York, New York" over the loudspeakers after a home game. In past seasons, Liza Minnelli’s version has been occasionally played after a loss. After the September 11, 2001 attacks, all American Major League Baseball stadiums started playing God Bless America during the seventh-inning stretch for the remainder of the 2001 season. Many teams ceased this practice the following season, although it has continued in post-season events at many cities and become a tradition at Yankee Stadium alongside Take Me Out to the Ballgame. Usually, a recording of the song by Kate Smith is played, although sometimes there is a live performance by Irish tenor Ronan Tynan. For part of the 2005 season, the Yankees

Hammond Organ
The Hammond Organ was installed at Yankee Stadium in 1967, and was primarily played

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used a recording of Tynan, but the Kate Smith version was reinstated due to fan complaints about the long duration of the Tynan version. For the final game at Yankee Stadium, Tynan performed "God Bless America" live, including the rarely-heard introduction to the song. When the Yankees score a run, a version of the Westminster chime plays as the last player to score in the at-bat gets to home plate. The version of the chime is the beginning of "Workaholic" by the music group 2 Unlimited. The only time the chime is not always played is if the Yankees score a run to record a walk-off win, when "Theme from New York, New York" is used instead.

Yankee Stadium (1923)
spot for fans to meet their ticket holding friends before entering the stadium.

Roll call
After the first pitch is thrown at the top of the first inning, the "Bleacher Creatures" in Section 39, usually led by a man nicknamed Bald Vinny, begin chanting the names of every player in the defensive lineup (except the pitcher and catcher, with some rare exceptions), starting with the center fielder. They do not stop chanting the player’s name until he acknowledges the Creatures (usually with a wave or a point), who then move on to the next player. Other names called out during roll call from time to time have included Yankee broadcasters John Sterling and Michael Kay, or Aaron Boone, Bucky Dent, and Babe Ruth when the Yankees host the rival Boston Red Sox. Sometimes, after a long rain delay, the Creatures start another Roll Call for comedic effect. Often when a player is replaced in the field, their replacement is also welcomed with a chant. In 2008, center fielder Melky Cabrera booted a routine grounder while attempting to wave to the fans.

Meeting at "the bat"

Stadium usage
See also: List of events at Yankee Stadium (1923)

Baseball
See also: New York Yankees#History

Opening Day, 1923
Yankee Stadium officially opened on April 18, 1923, with the Yankees’ first home game. According to the New York Evening Telegram, "everything smelled of ...fresh paint, fresh plaster and fresh grass." At 3:00 p.m. John Philip Sousa led the Seventh ("Silk-Stocking") Regiment band in playing the Star-Spangled Banner. After a parade of the players and dignitaries, Babe Ruth was presented with a case containing a symbolically big bat. New York Governor Alfred E. Smith (who would become the Democratic Party’s candidate for president in 1928) then threw out the first pitch directly into the glove of catcher Wally Schang rather than the customary couple of feet wide. The Yankees went on to defeat Ruth’s former team, the Boston Red Sox, by a score of 4–2, with Ruth hitting a three-run home run into the right-field stands. Asked

The Louisville Slugger shaped exhaust pipe Outside the stadium’s main entrance gate, stands a 138-foot (42 m) tall exhaust pipe in the shape of a baseball bat, complete with tape at the handle that frays off at the end. It is sponsored by Hillerich & Bradsby, makers of the famous Louisville Slugger line of baseball bats, which is specifically designed to look like a Babe Ruth model. As the most prominent feature on the stadium’s exterior, recognizable even to first-time visitors, the bat was often used as a designated meeting

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later for his opinion of the stadium, he replied, "Some ball yard."[19]

Yankee Stadium (1923)
May 17, 1998, and July 18, 1999, respectively. No-hitters were thrown by Monte Pearson, Bob Feller, Allie Reynolds, Virgil Trucks, Dave Righetti, Jim Abbott, Dwight Gooden, and a combination of six Houston Astros pitchers in one game.[21] The Stadium was the site of a nationallytelevised game on August 6, 1979, the same day as the funeral for departed Yankees captain Thurman Munson. The team attended the funeral in Canton, Ohio earlier in the day and flew to New York for an emotional game. Bobby Murcer drove in all five runs for the Yankees, including a "walk-off" two-run single that defeated the Baltimore Orioles 5–4. Many historic home runs have been hit at Yankee Stadium. Babe Ruth hit the ballpark’s first home run on its Opening Day in 1923. Ruth also set the then-league record for most home runs in a single season by hitting his 60th home run in 1927. Roger Maris would later break this record in 1961 at Yankee Stadium on the final day of the season by hitting his 61st home run. In 1967, Mickey Mantle slugged his 500th career home run. Chris Chambliss won the 1976 American League Championship Series by hitting a "walk-off" home run in which thousands of fans ran onto the field as Chambliss circled the bases. A year later, in the 1977 World Series, Reggie Jackson hit three home runs on three consecutive pitches in the championship-clinching Game 6. In 1983, the Pine Tar Incident involving George Brett occurred; Brett’s home run in the ninth inning of the game was overturned for his bat having too much pine tar, resulting in him furiously charging out of the dugout. In Game 1 of the 1996 American League Championship Series, Derek Jeter hit a fly ball to right-field that was interfered with by fan Jeffrey Maier but ruled a home run. In Game 7 of the 2003 American League Championship Series, Aaron Boone hit an extra-inning "walk-off" home run to send the Yankees to the World Series. On August 6, 2007, Alex Rodriguez hit his 500th home run against the Kansas City Royals as the Stadium. In 2001, six weeks after the September 11 attacks, Yankee Stadium hosted an emotional three games in the World Series. For Game 3, President George W. Bush hurled the ceremonial first pitch, throwing a strike. In Game 4, Tino Martinez hit a game-tying home run off Arizona Diamondbacks closer Byung-Hyun

85 years of baseball
Upon opening, Fred Lieb of the New York Evening Telegram dubbed it "The House That Ruth Built". The Yankees also won their first World Series during the Stadium’s inaugural season (the hosts of no other brand-new stadium would win a Series at home until the 2006 St. Louis Cardinals in Busch Stadium). In its 85 years of existence, Yankee Stadium has hosted 6,581 regular season home games for the Yankees. Only Fenway Park (Boston), Wrigley Field (Chicago), Sportsman’s Park (St. Louis) and Tiger Stadium (Detroit) have hosted more games. Due to the Yankees’ frequent appearances in the World Series, Yankee Stadium has played host to 161 postseason games, more than any other stadium in baseball history. The Stadium hosted 37 of the 83 possible World Series during its existence (not counting 1974-75, and the 1994 strike), with the Yankees winning 26 of them. In total, the venue hosted 100 World Series games. Sixteen World Series have been clinched at Yankee Stadium, nine by the Yankees and seven by opponents: • Yankees, in 1927, 1938, 1947, 1950, 1951, 1953, 1977, 1996, and 1999 • St. Louis Cardinals, in 1926 and 1942 • Brooklyn Dodgers, in 1955, the only World Championship won by the Dodgers before moving to Los Angeles. • Milwaukee Braves, in 1957, the only World Series won by a Milwaukee team. • Cincinnati Reds, in 1976 • Los Angeles Dodgers, in 1981 • Florida Marlins, in 2003 Perhaps the most memorable moment in the venue’s history came on July 4, 1939, designated as "Lou Gehrig Appreciation Day". Gehrig, forced out of action permanently by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and dying, gave a legendary farewell speech thanking his fans and colleagues for making him "the luckiest man on the face of the earth."[20] Many memorable and historic games have been played at Yankee Stadium. All three perfect games thrown by Yankee pitchers have occurred at the Stadium. Don Larsen threw a perfect game on October 8, 1956, in the fifth game of the World Series, while David Wells and David Cone threw theirs on

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Kim with two outs in the bottom of the ninth inning. Derek Jeter hit the winning "walk-off" home run in extra innings off of Kim, earning himself the nickname "Mr. November." The following night in Game 5, the Yankees replicated their heroics from the previous night; Scott Brosius hit a game-tying home run off of Kim with two outs in the bottom of the ninth inning en route to a win.

Yankee Stadium (1923)
League; Sparky Lyle (pitcher), Thurman Munson (catcher), and Graig Nettles (third base) also made the team. Jim Palmer was the game’s starting pitcher because Nolan Ryan refused to play when Martin asked him. In honor of its final year of existence, in July 2008, Yankee Stadium hosted 2008 AllStar Game festivities. The Yankees were represented by Derek Jeter, Alex Rodriguez, and Mariano Rivera. In the Home Run Derby, Josh Hamilton set a single-round record with 28 home runs in the first round. At one point, he hit 13 straight home runs, many of which landed in the stadium’s upper deck and deep into the right field bleachers, spurring the crowd to chant his name. Minnesota Twins first baseman Justin Morneau won the competition defeating Hamilton in the final round. The following evening, the American League won the 2008 All-Star Game 4–3 in 15 innings. Michael Young hit the game winning sacrifice fly in the 15th inning off Brad Lidge. The game was the longest in All-Star Game history by time, lasting 4 hours and 50 minutes, and tied for the longest in history by innings, tied with the 1967 All-Star Game, and was played in front of 55,632 people. J.D. Drew was named game MVP going 2 for 4 with a home run and 2 RBI.

All-Star Games
On July 11, 1939, Major League Baseball held the league’s seventh All-Star Game at Yankee Stadium, in concert with the World’s Fair being held at Flushing-Meadows in Queens. Yankees manager Joe McCarthy loaded his American League team with pinstripes: Bill Dickey (catcher), Joe DiMaggio (outfield), Joe Gordon (second base), Red Rolfe (third base), George Selkirk (outfield), and Red Ruffing (pitcher) were all in the starting lineup. Reserve players included Frank Crosetti (shortstop), Lou Gehrig (first base), Lefty Gomez (pitcher), and Johnny Murphy (pitcher). The American League won, 3–1, behind a home run by DiMaggio, in front of more than 62,000. This was the second AllStar Game held in New York; the Polo Grounds had hosted the event in 1934. From 1959 to 1962, Major League Baseball held two All-Star Games each year. On July 13, 1960, Yankee Stadium hosted baseball’s second All-Star Game in three days. The National League won both games. In the latter game, Whitey Ford was the starting pitcher. Yogi Berra (catcher), Mickey Mantle (outfield), Roger Maris (outfield), and Bill Skowron (first base) were in the starting lineup; Jim Coates (pitcher) and Elston Howard (catcher) were reserves. The National League won the Yankee Stadium game, 6–0, tying a record with four home runs, including one by hometown favorite Willie Mays. The 38,000 fans who attended the game also saw the Red Sox’ Ted Williams in his final All-Star appearance. Showcasing its new renovation, Yankee Stadium hosted the All-Star Game on July 19, 1977. With the Yankees defending their 1976 pennant, Billy Martin managed the American League team on his home field. The National League won its sixth consecutive All-Star Game, 7–5, in front of more than 56,000 fans; the senior circuit’s streak would reach 11. Reggie Jackson (outfield) and Willie Randolph (second base) started for the American

Final game, 2008

Yankee Stadium after the last game was played on September 21, 2008. Yankee Stadium hosted its final baseball game on September 21, 2008. The ceremonies for the final game at Yankee Stadium began with the opening of Monument Park, as well as allowing Yankee fans to walk on the warning track around the field. Many former Yankee greats, including Yogi Berra,

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Whitey Ford, Reggie Jackson, Bernie Williams, Paul O’Neill, Willie Randolph, Roy White, and Chris Chambliss took their positions in the playing field as their names were announced by the legendary Bob Sheppard. Julia Ruth Stevens, daughter of Babe Ruth, threw out the ceremonial first pitch in the final game in "The House That Ruth Built." With Andy Pettitte as the starting pitcher, the Yankees played their final game at Yankee Stadium against the Baltimore Orioles, recording the final out at 11:43pm EDT in a 7–3 Yankee victory. Among many lasts to be recorded, a long-time standing question was answered. It was first wondered by Babe Ruth after he hit the first home run in Yankee Stadium on its opening day of April 18, 1923: “ I was glad to have hit the first home ” run in this park. God only knows who will hit the last.

Yankee Stadium (1923)
them to the new memories that come at the new Yankee Stadium, and continue to pass them on from generation to generation. So on behalf of the entire organization, we just want to take this moment to salute you, the greatest fans in the world. Afterwards, the team circled the stadium on the warning track waving to fans and wishing the stadium goodbye.

Boxing
When Yankee Stadium opened in 1923, the Polo Grounds continued to host boxing matches; however, Yankee Stadium was home to prizefighting beginning in its first few months. Benny Leonard retained the lightweight championship in a 15-round decision over Lou Tendler on July 24, 1923, in front of more than 58,000 fans. It was the first of 30 championship bouts to be held at the Stadium. (This excludes dozens of nontitle fights.) The boxing ring was placed over second base; a 15-foot (4.6 m) vault contained electrical, telegraph, and telephone connections. In July 1927, the aging former heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey came from behind to defeat heavily favored Jack Sharkey by delivering several questionable punches that were deemed illegal. Sharkey had similarly bad luck in a July 1930 heavyweight championship bout at Yankee Stadium, when his knockout punch to Max Schmeling was ruled illegal; Schmeling won by default. In July 1928, Gene Tunney upheld the heavyweight title against Tom Heeney at Yankee Stadium, and then retired as champion. Perhaps the most famous boxing match ever held at Yankee Stadium was on June 22, 1938, when Joe Louis, an African-American, squared off against Schmeling, a German. Adolf Hitler followed the rematch carefully, imploring Schmeling to defeat Louis, whom Hitler publicly berated. This left some with what they perceived as a moral predicament: root for the black fighter, or for the Nazi. Schmeling had defeated Louis in 1936, but in defense of his title, Louis knocked out Schmeling in the first round. This was one of eight championship fights the "Brown Bomber" fought at Yankee Stadium. On July 1, 1939, Max Baer defeated Lou Nova at Yankee Stadium, in the first televised boxing match in the United States. The event

That person turned out to be Jose Molina, as he hit a two-run home run in the fourth inning.[22] Other lasts were Jason Giambi recording the last hit in Yankee Stadium, driving in Brett Gardner, who scored the last run in Yankee Stadium. Mariano Rivera made the final pitch in the stadium with Cody Ransom recording the final out at first base. In the eighth inning, Derek Jeter became the final Yankee to bat in Yankee Stadium. After the game was over, captain Derek Jeter delivered a speech on the field surrounded by his teammates. In the unplanned speech, Jeter thanked and saluted the fans: “ For all of us up here, it’s a huge honor to put this uniform on every day and come out here and play. And every member of this organization, past and present, has been calling this place home for eighty-five years. There’s a lot of tradition, a lot of history, and a lot of memories. Now the great thing about memories is you’re able to pass it along from generation to generation. And although things are going to change next year, we’re going to move across the street, there are a few things with the New York Yankees that never change— its pride, its tradition, and most of all, we have the greatest fans in the world. And we are relying on you to take the memories from this stadium, add ”

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was broadcast by television station W2XBS, forerunner of WNBC-TV. (The World Series was not televised until 1947.) On September 27, 1946, Tony Zale knocked out New York native Rocky Graziano for the middleweight crown; it was the first of three bouts between Zale and Graziano. On June 25, 1952, middleweight champion Sugar Ray Robinson sought his third title against light-heavyweight champ Joey Maxim at Yankee Stadium. More than 47,000 saw Robinson outfight Maxim but lose due to heat exhaustion in round 14 (due to the weather that topped 104-degrees Fahrenheit). The referee who declared Maxim the winner was the second that night; the first had left the fight due to heat exhaustion. After its 1970s renovation, Yankee Stadium hosted only one championship fight. On September 28, 1976, a declining Muhammad Ali defended his heavyweight crown against Ken Norton. To that point, Norton was one of only two boxers who had beaten Ali (in 1973); this was their third, and final, meeting. Norton led for most of the fight, but Ali improved in the later rounds to win by unanimous decision.

Yankee Stadium (1923)
Fordham University played 19 games there, going 13–5–1. Eight college football games were played at Yankee Stadium on Thanksgiving Day, the first seven by New York University. Perhaps, the most famous Thanksgiving Day game was the first. Oregon State Agricultural College (now Oregon State University) was the first West Coast team to travel across the country and play an East Coast team. 8–1 NYU was a 3–1 favorite to beat 5–3 OSAC, but Oregon State upset the hometown favorites 25–13. Will Rogers lamented what the "Oregon apple knockers" had done to his "city slickers" in a column after the game. After the 1928 game, NYU beat Carnegie Tech (now Carnegie Mellon University) in 1931 and 1932, defeated Fordham in 1936, lost to Carnegie Tech in 1929, and lost to Fordham in 1934 and 1935. In the eighth game, in 1963, Syracuse University beat Notre Dame, 14–7. This was a rematch following the teams’ controversial 1961 game won by Notre Dame, 17–15. The Gotham Bowl was scheduled to premiere at Yankee Stadium in 1960, but was canceled when no opponent could be found for Oregon State University. The 1961 game was moved to the Polo Grounds, and when just 6,166 people came to Yankee Stadium for the 1962 game, in which the University of Nebraska defeated the University of Miami, 36–34, the Gotham Bowl was never played again. The Miami-Nebraska game remains the only college bowl ever played at the stadium. In 1969, Notre Dame and Army reprised their long series at the Stadium (1925–1946 except 1930) with one final game. Starting in 1971, the Stadium hosted the Whitney M. Young Urban League Classic, a game between historically black colleges, often featuring Grambling State University of Louisiana, coached by Eddie Robinson, the first college coach to win 400 games. The Classic helped to spread the fame of Grambling and other similar schools. Yankee Stadium hosted its final Classic during the 1987 season, also the last time a football game was played there. Grambling lost to Central State University of Ohio, 37-21.[25] The Classic has been held at Giants Stadium in New Jersey’s Meadowlands Sports Complex ever since, though the Yankees remain a supporter of the event.

College football
When an ill Ruth could not lead the Yankees to the World Series in 1925, college football took center stage at Yankee Stadium that fall. The fiercely competitive Notre Dame–Army game moved to Yankee Stadium, where it remained until 1947. In the 1928 game, with the score 0–0 at halftime, legendary Notre Dame coach Knute Rockne gave his "win one for the Gipper" speech (with reference to AllAmerican halfback George Gipp, who died in 1920); Notre Dame went on to defeat Army, 12–6. The 1929 game between the two teams had the highest attendance in the series at 79,408.[23] The 1946 Army vs. Notre Dame football game at Yankee stadium is regarded as one of the 20th century college football Games of the Century.[24] Notre Dame played 24 games at Yankee Stadium, going 15-6-3. Army played 38, compiling a 17–17–4 record (including the bestattended game, on December 1, 1928 when Army lost to Stanford 26–0 before 86,000 fans). New York University played more games there than any other school, 96, using it as a secondary home field from 1923 to 1948, with a record of 52–40–4. Nearby

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Yankee Stadium (1923)
June 8, the English national team defeated the U.S. national team 6-3, in a rematch of the Miracle on Grass match at the 1950 World Cup.[26] Major international clubs returned to the Stadium in 1966, with Pele’s Santos of Brazil beating Inter Milan 4-1 on June 5. Beginning around 1967, C.A. Cerro of Uruguay played in the United Soccer Association during the summer months under the title "New York Skyliners." They played major games against Hibernian F.C. of Scotland, renamed "Toronto," Cagliari F.C. of Italy, renamed "Chicago Mustangs," and Bangu Atlético Clube of Brazil, renamed "Houston Stars." Eventually, the Skyliners gave way as the team calling Yankee Stadium home to the less foreign-influenced New York Generals of the National Professional Soccer League, which soon became the North American Soccer League, or NASL. In 1968, in addition to league competition, the Generals took on Santos, winning 5-3, and Real Madrid, losing 4-1. That year, Santos also played and beat S.S.C. Napoli of Italy 4-2 at the Stadium, along with S.L. Benfica of Portugal, with whom they drew 3-3. The next year, four major international club games were played at the Stadium: Barcelona beat Juventus 3-2 on May 30, Inter Milan beat Sparta Prague 4-0 on June 27, and A.C. Milan defeated Panathinaikos 4-0 also on June 27. Finally, on June 29, Yankee Stadium hosted its own version of the Derby della Madonnina, with A.C. Milan defeating Inter 6–4. The latter three games that year were all part of a three-day "United States Cup of Champions."[27] On September 15, 1968, the U.S. national soccer team played an international friendly against the Israel national team at the Stadium. It was the first game for the U.S. in fifteen months and 10,118 saw Israel and the U.S. draw 3 to 3.[28] In 1971 and 1976, the New York Cosmos of the NASL played their home games at Yankee Stadium. During the 1971 season, they also hosted Hearts from Scotland, and Apollon Kalamarias of Greece. In 1976 the team’s star attraction was Pelé. The Brazil native, known as "The King of Football," was considered the best player in the world. Also that year, in Yankee Stadium’s final international match on May 28, England defeated Italy 3–2 as part of the Bicentennial Cup Tournament. Finally, on August 10, 1976, the last ever soccer game was played at Yankee Stadium,

Professional football
In 1926, after negotiations failed with the fledgling NFL and the Chicago Bears, Red Grange and his agent C.C. Pyle formed the first American Football League and fielded a team called the New York Yankees based in Yankee Stadium. The league failed after only one year. A second New York Yankees football team, not related to the first, split its home games between Yankee Stadium and Downing Stadium as it competed in the second AFL in 1936 and 1937. A third AFL New York Yankees took the field in 1940 and became the New York Americans in 1941. The New York Yankees of the All-America Football Conference (AAFC) played their home games at Yankee Stadium from 1946 to 1949. The New York Giants of the NFL played their home games at Yankee Stadium from 1956 to 1973. On December 28, 1958, Yankee Stadium hosted the NFL championship game, frequently called "The Greatest Game Ever Played." The Baltimore Colts tied the Giants, 17–17, on a field goal with seven seconds left. Led by quarterback Johnny Unitas, the Colts won in overtime, 23–17. The game’s dramatic ending is often cited as elevating professional football to one of the United States’ major sports. The Giants played their first two home games at Yankee Stadium in 1973, concluding their tennantcy on September 23 of that year with a 23–23 tie against the Philadelphia Eagles. They then moved to the Yale Bowl in New Haven, Connecticut for the rest of 1973 and all of 1974. They played at Shea Stadium in 1975, before relocating to Giants Stadium in 1976. The Giants are scheduled to move to the Meadowlands Stadium in 2010 along with the New York Jets.

Soccer
Celtic F.C. defeated New York Yankees in the first major soccer game to be played at the Stadium on June 28, 1931. In the coming three decades, a number of games between Jewish Palestinian teams and American allstars were played. European club exhibitions came first came in 1952, when on June 14, Liverpool drew 1-1 with Grasshopper-Club Zürich. The next day, Tottenham Hotspur thrashed Manchester United 7-1, just a year after United had taken over for Spurs as champions of England. The following year, on

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with the Cosmos thrashing the Miami Toros 8-2. The Cosmos moved to Giants Stadium for the 1977 season.[29]

Yankee Stadium (1923)
where Lou Gehrig made his famous farewell speech, among the many notable events. Over 400 people, including present and former members of the Yankee family were in attendance to see the happy couple united, and the ceremony was broadcast on ESPN, the YES Network, NBC’s Today Show and other national media outlets. National Hockey League (NHL) executives inquired about the possibility of using Yankee Stadium for an outdoor ice hockey match featuring the New York Rangers in the 2008-2009 season after the successful reception of both the Heritage Classic and the 2008 NHL Winter Classic outdoor games. If approved, it would have been the final sporting event at the current stadium.[32] The NHL, however, decided to hold the second Winter Classic in Chicago, at Wrigley Field.
[33]

Other events
Beginning in 1950, the stadium began holding religious conventions of the Jehovah’s Witnesses. The first convention attracted 123,707 people, more in a single day than any other stadium event up to that time.[30] These conventions would continue on until the late 1980s. When room ran out in the stands, the ladies were asked to remove their heels, and people were brought in to sit in the outfield. There was also a makeshift camp nearby where the program was broadcast for hundreds others to listen to. On July 20, 1957, evangelist Billy Graham attracted a crowd of 100,000 to a televised "crusade" at Yankee Stadium. A New York Times article of the following day described the turnout as "the largest crowd in stadium history" to that time. [31] Francis Cardinal Spellman (1957), Pope Paul VI (1965), Pope John Paul II (1969 as a cardinal, 1979 as pope), and Pope Benedict XVI (2008) all celebrated Mass at the ballpark, along with numerous clergy and lay Catholics. On June 21, 1990, a rally was held at Yankee Stadium for Nelson Mandela upon his release from prison. On September 23, 2001, Yankee Stadium hosted a memorial service for victims of the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City. The first concert ever held there was an ensemble R&B show on June 21, 1969, put together by the Isley Brothers; the first rock concert held at the stadium was on June 22, 1990, by Billy Joel. It was also the site of two dates of U2’s Zoo TV Tour in 1992. During one song, Bono paid tribute to the show’s setting with the line "I dreamed I saw Joe DiMaggio/Dancing with Marilyn Monroe...". Pink Floyd also performed two sold-out shows at this venue on their final North American tour in 1994 in support of their album The Division Bell. On March 10, 2006, Yankee Stadium saw its first and only wedding at home plate. Blind sportswriter Ed Lucas, who has been a member of the Yankee family for over 40 years, got special permission from the Yankees, the City of New York, and Major League Baseball to exchange vows with his fiancée, Allison Pfieffle, on the same spot

Accessibility and transportation

The view of Yankee Stadium from the 161st Street–Yankee Stadium station. Yankee Stadium can be reached via the 161st Street–Yankee Stadium station of the New York City Subway, along the IRT Jerome Avenue Line (4) and IND Concourse Line (B D). Since the 1970s renovation, there has been discussion to add a Metro-North station on the Hudson Line tracks that run behind the Stadium’s south parking garage, but the Yankees have never been willing to pay for the station. In 2006, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) said it plans to pay for a station after the Yankees relocate to a new stadium north of 161st Street in 2009. The station is expected to cost $45 million.

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The MTA said it will use money that had been earmarked to explore a subway expansion to La Guardia Airport in Queens. The MTA also has buses that run to the stadium. Lines Bx1, Bx6, and Bx13 all have stops near Yankee Stadium. Yankee Stadium has 15 official parking lots around the stadium for those wishing to travel by car. The main auto route to the stadium is the Major Deegan Expressway (I-87). Connections to I-95, I-278, and several other major highways are within a few exits of the stadium. NY Waterway runs a ferry service to Yankee Stadium from various piers in Manhattan and New Jersey. This service is called "The Yankee Clipper" and serves food and alcohol while fans enjoy New York skylines.

Yankee Stadium (1923)

Photo gallery

Aerial photo of the stadium and surround- The outer wall of the ing neighborhood. stadium

River Avenue, located behind the stadium and under the 4 Train.

A sign in the The outfield during batting hallway en-route practice to the dugout that the Yankees touch as they come out of the clubhouse. Derek Jeter, with permission from the Yankees, took the sign after the stadium closed.[34] The front of the stadium at night

The foul pole, upper deck, and the bleachers.

The left field corner at Yankee Stadium. Notice that the foul pole is only 318 feet (97 m) away from home plate.

References
General

• Ray Robinson and Christopher Jennison, Yankee Stadium: 75 Years of Drama, Glamor, and Glory (Penguin; 1998) ISBN 978-0670870936

Notes
The A bridge lead- grounds crew taking to the ing the front of the stadium over tarp off the infield Metro North tracks The stadium during a night game The left [1] field side of the grandstand [2]

[3] The Stadium just before sunset from the upper deck. The infield during a night game The grandstand during batting practice Monument Park, the [4] LF bleachers, the bullpens, [5] and the [6] retired numbers

Yankee Stadium Redevelopment Project : New York City Department of Parks & Recreation Verducci, Tom (2008-09-18). "Yankee Stadium, it’s gone! Goodbye!". Sports Illustrated. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2008/ writers/the_bonus/09/18/yankee.stadium/ index.html. Retrieved on 2008-09-22. Durso, Joseph (1972). Yankee Stadium: Fifty Years of Drama. Houghton Mifflin. pp. 40. Adcock, Catherine; Sallyport (Winter 2006) http://www.rice.edu/sallyport/ 2006/winter/features/Fact_Fiction2.html [1] http://mlb.mlb.com/news/ article.jsp?ymd=20081112&content_id=3676342&vk

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[7] Former Yanks help lay dirt in Stadium by Anthony DiComo November 8, 2008 [8] 1010wins radio report "Yankees Stadium Closing Ceremony Scrapped" October 8, 2008 [9] NY1.com "No Final Concert At Yankee Stadium" October 8, 2008. [10] "Old Yankee Stadium will come down slowly" by Anthony Rieber September 21, 2008 [11] http://www.wcbs880.com/pages/ 4029323.php?imageGalleryXRefId=987324 [12] http://www.nycgovparks.org/ sub_your_park/nyy_stadium/html/ nyy_redevelopment.html#schedule [13] http://www.wcbs880.com/pages/ 4396869.php [14] ^ "The owners of the New York Yankees at the time decided that they wanted to give it an air of dignity, so the Osbourne Engineering Company had erected what was known originally as a frieze. Somewhere along the way it took on the term of facade, and most people know it today as the facade." - Yankee Stadium tour guide Tony Morante (Yankee Stadium, Baseball’s Cathedral) [15] Lowry, Phil. Green Cathedrals. [16] Durso, Joseph. Yankee Stadium: Fifty Years of Drama. [17] Robinson, Ray and Christopher Jennison. Yankee Stadium: 75 Years of Drama, Glamour and Glory. [18] Yankee Player Photo Template [2] [19] Slayton, Robert A. (2001), Empire Statesman: the rise and redemption of Al Smith, The Free Press, New York (ISBN 0-684-86302-2), pp. 229-230 [20] Text reprinted at American Rhetoric web site, retrieved on May 24, 2009 [21] "American League No Hitters by Baseball Almanac". Baseball Almanac. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/ pitching/pinohit1.shtml. Retrieved on 2008-09-22. [22] baseball-reference.com Joe Molina page. [23] Notre Dame football media guide (PDF copy available at und.cstv.com) [24] Whittingham, Richard (2001). "6". Rites of autumn: the story of college football. New York: The Free Press. pp. 148–183. ISBN 0-7432-2219-9. "It was surely the game of the year, and many have said it was the college football game of the century"

Yankee Stadium (1923)
[25] Football Games at Yankee Stadium (College and amateur, High School games omitted) [26] "YANKEE STADIUM FAREWELL Part 1: Ballpark has a great soccer legacy". Big Apple Soccer. 2008-09-19. http://www.bigapplesoccer.com/history/ yankeestadium.php?article_id=15877. Retrieved on 2008-12-17. [27] "YANKEE STADIUM FAREWELL Part 2: The busy Sixties". Big Apple Soccer. 2008-09-20. http://www.bigapplesoccer.com/history/ yankeestadium.php?article_id=15889. Retrieved on 2008-12-17. [28] "Israel Official Games 1960-1969". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesi/israintres60.html. Retrieved on 2009-04-13. [29] "YANKEE STADIUM FAREWELL Part 3: The King makes a home". Big Apple Soccer. 2008-09-22. http://www.bigapplesoccer.com/history/ yankeestadium.php?article_id=15934. Retrieved on 2008-12-17. [30] Yankee Stadium History [3] [31] "100,000 fill Yankee Stadium to hear Graham". The New York Times. 1957-07-21. http://www.nytimes.com/ books/97/07/06/reviews/grahamyankee.html. Retrieved on 2008-09-23. [32] Yankee Stadium game likely for Rangers [33] "Blackhawks to host next season’s Winter Classic". TSN. 2008-05-29. http://tsn.ca/nhl/story/?id=239172. Retrieved on 2008-05-29. [34] http://sports.yahoo.com/mlb/blog/ big_league_stew/post/Derek-Jeter-finallyadmits-stealing-part-ofold-?urn=mlb,137634

External links
• Yankee Stadium Facts, figures, photos and more • Ballpark Digest Visit • Yankee Stadium Redevelopment Project • Brief History of Yankee Stadium • History of Yankee Stadium - About.com • Yankee Stadium history • Virtual Tour of Yankee Stadium • Panorama of Yankee Stadium from Gigapan • Farewell to the Stadium (MLB.com) • Demolition of Yankee Stadium

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Preceded by Polo Grounds Shea Stadium Preceded by Polo Grounds Preceded by Crosley Field Municipal Stadium Veterans Stadium AT&T Park Home of the New York Yankees 1923 – 1973 1976 – 2008 Home of the New York Giants (NFL) 1956 – September 30, 1973 Host of the All-Star Game 1939 1960 2nd Game 1977 2008

Yankee Stadium (1923)
Succeeded by Shea Stadium Yankee Stadium (2009) Succeeded by Yale Bowl Succeeded by Sportsman’s Park Candlestick Park San Diego Stadium Busch Stadium

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yankee_Stadium_(1923)" Categories: 1923 establishments, 2009 disestablishments, American Football League (1926) venues, Defunct National Football League venues, Jewel Box parks, Defunct Major League Baseball venues, New York Giants, New York Yankees, NCAA bowl game venues, Sports venues in the Bronx, Boxing venues This page was last modified on 24 May 2009, at 09:13 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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