Michael_Hayden by zzzmarcus


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Michael Hayden

Michael Hayden
Michael Vincent Hayden

20th Director of the Central Intelligence Agency In office May 30, 2006 – February 12, 2009 President Preceded by Succeeded by Born Profession Religion Military service Service/ branch Years of service Rank Battles/wars Awards United States Air Force 1967–2008 General War on Terrorism Defense Distinguished Service Medal Defense Superior Service Medal (2) Legion of Merit Bronze Star Meritorious Service Medal (2) George W. Bush Barack Obama Porter J. Goss Leon Panetta March 17, 1945 (1945-03-17) Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S. Intelligence officer Roman Catholic

He was director of the National Security Agency (NSA) from 1999–2005. During his tenure as director, the longest in the history of the agency, he oversaw the controversial NSA surveillance of technological communications between persons in the United States and alleged foreign terrorist groups. On May 8, 2006, Hayden was nominated for the position of CIA Director and reappointment to the rank of general following the May 5 resignation of Porter J. Goss, and on May 23 the Senate Intelligence Committee voted 12-3 to send the nomination to the Senate floor. His nomination was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 26 by a vote of 78-15. On May 30, 2006 and again the following day at the CIA lobby with President George W. Bush in attendance, Hayden was sworn in as the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. On July 1, 2008, Hayden retired from the Air Force after 41 years of military service and continued to serve as Director of the CIA until 12 February 2009.[2]

Early life, career, and family
Michael Vincent Hayden was born on St. Patrick’s Day in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to an Irish-American couple, Sadie and Harry Hayden, Jr. who worked as a welder for a Pennsylvania manufacturing company. He has a younger brother, Harry III, and a sister, Margaret. He graduated from Pittsburgh’s North Catholic High School. While at Duquesne University he earned a B.A. in history in 1967 and was commissioned as a second lieutenant. He then attended graduate school at Duquesne for an M.A. in modern American History. He is a graduate of the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps program. Hayden entered active military service in 1969. Hayden has served as commander of the Air Intelligence Agency and Director of the Joint Command and Control Warfare Center, both headquartered at Lackland Air Force

Michael Vincent Hayden, (born March 17, 1945 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a retired United States Air Force four-star general and former Director of the National Security Agency and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. From April 21, 2005–May 26, 2006 he was the Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence, a position which once made him "the highest-ranking military intelligence officer in the armed forces."[1]


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Base. He also has served in senior staff positions in the Pentagon; Headquarters U.S. European Command, Stuttgart, Germany; the National Security Council, Washington, D.C., and the U.S. Embassy in the then-People’s Republic of Bulgaria. Prior to his current assignment, the general served as deputy chief of staff for United Nations Command and U.S. Forces Korea, Yongsan Garrison. He has also worked in intelligence in Guam. He is married to Jeanine Carrier, and they have a daughter and two sons.

Michael Hayden
and individuals and groups overseas in order to locate terrorists [9][10][11] Landay: “…the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution specifies that you must have probable cause to violate an American’s right against unreasonable searches and seizures…” Hayden: “No, actually - the Fourth Amendment actually protects all of us against unreasonable search and seizure.” Landay: “But the –” Hayden: “That’s what it says.” Landay: “The legal measure is probable cause, it says.” Hayden: “The Amendment says: unreasonable search and seizure.” Landay: “But does it not say ‘probable cause’?” Hayden: “No! The Amendment says unreasonable search and seizure.” Landay: “The legal standard is probable cause, General — “ Hayden: “Just to be very clear … okay… and believe me, if there’s any Amendment to the Constitution that employees of the National Security Agency are familiar with, it’s the Fourth. All right? And it is a reasonableness standard in the Fourth Amendment. The constitutional standard is ‘reasonable’” ( h/t Dale)

Intelligence career
Air Intelligence Agency
Then Commander, Hayden directed an agency of 16,000 charged with defending and exploiting the "information domain."[3]

National Security Agency
Hayden served as the Director of the National Security Agency and Chief of the Central Security Service at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland from March 1999 to April 2005. As the Director of NSA and Chief of CSS, he was responsible for a combat support agency of the Department of Defense with military and civilian personnel stationed worldwide.[4]

Strategy for the NSA
Hayden and the NSA have a strategy to increase their use of American industry for domestic surveillance.[5][6][7][8]

Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence

Wiretaps of domestic calls
In May 2006, USA Today reported that, under Hayden’s leadership, the NSA created a domestic telephone call database. During his nomination hearings, Hayden defended his actions to Senator Russ Feingold and others, stating that he had relied upon legal advice that the White House order to build the database was supported by Article Two of the United States Constitution executive branch powers (in which the President must "take care that the laws be faithfully executed"), overriding legislative branch statutes forbidding warrantless surveillance of domestic calls, which included the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). Previously, this action would have required a warrant from a FISA court. The stated purpose of the database was to eavesdrop on international communications between persons within the U.S.

Hayden is sworn in as Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence General Hayden was Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence from May 2005 to May 2006 under John Negroponte.


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Michael Hayden
• President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Vice Admiral William Raborn, a Navy officer • President Jimmy Carter appointed Admiral Stansfield Turner, a Navy officer and a classmate of President Carter at the United States Naval Academy

Military career
Military awards
George W. Bush announces his nomination of Hayden as the next Director of the CIA as Director of National Intelligence John Negroponte looks on. Defense Distinguished Service Medal Defense Superior Service Medal with bronze Oak Leaf Cluster Legion of Merit Bronze Star Meritorious Service Medal with two bronze Oak Leaf Clusters Air Force Commendation Medal Air Force Achievement Medal Joint Meritorious Unit Award Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Air Force Organizational Excellence Award National Defense Service Medal with bronze service star Armed Forces Service Medal Air Force Overseas Ribbon (Short Tour) with bronze Oak Leaf Cluster Air Force Overseas Ribbon (Long Tour) with two bronze Oak Leaf Clusters Air Force Longevity Service Award with one silver and one bronze Oak Leaf Cluster Small Arms Expert Marksmanship Ribbon Air Force Training Ribbon • Order of National Security Merit Cheonsu Medal (Republic of Korea)

Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
On May 8, 2006, Hayden was nominated by President George W. Bush to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency after the resignation of Porter J. Goss on May 5, 2006. [12] He was later confirmed on May 26, 2006 as Director, 78-15, by full U.S. Senate vote.

Critics of the nomination and Hayden’s attempts to increase domestic surveillance included Senator Dianne Feinstein who stated on May 11, 2006 that "I happen to believe we are on our way to a major constitutional confrontation on Fourth Amendment guarantees of unreasonable search and seizure"[14] Hayden is not the first active member of the military to be appointed to run the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Those previously holding the position of Director of Central Intelligence while simultaneously holding a military rank were: • Rear Admiral Sidney Souers, a Navy officer, who was the first man to hold the position when the nascent organization was known as the Central Intelligence Group; then-Lieutenant General (later General) Hoyt S. Vandenberg, an Air Force officer, also Director of the CIG; Rear Admiral Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter, a Navy officer who was just prior to his appointment was a Captain and Commanding Officer of the USS Missouri and who was the first DCI of the CIA; General Walter Bedell Smith, an Army officer

Military badges
• Presidential Service Badge


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• Air Force Intelligence Badge, Master-level

Michael Hayden

External links
• Office of the Director of National Intelligence • CFR.org: A Conversation with Michael V. Hayden (Audio) • Central Intelligence Agency • Official Air Force biography • Official CIA Biography • Official NSA biography • General Michael Hayden at NNDB • Baltimore Sun article August 8, 2004 • New York Times article February 17, 2005 • Minneapolis StarTribune biography • Statement for the record by Lieutenant General Michael V. Hayden, USAF, Director, National Security Agency / Chief, Central Security Service before the Joint inquiry of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, 17 October 2002 • Unwarranted Criticism: General Hayden’s reading of the Fourth Amendment is correct, and his critics are mistaken. May 10, 2006 • Democracy Now! coverage of the January 23 National Press Club meeting. Johnathan Lindsay asks about probable cause at 18:30. • SourceWatch article on Michael Hayden • IndyMedia article on stophayden.org, the first campaign to block Hayden’s confirmation as Director of the CIA, launched in May 2006 • Statement of Senator Dianne Feinstein On the Nomination of General Michael Hayden as Director of the CIA • Thinker, Briefer, Soldier, Spy, Time Magazine, May 15, 2006 • US Senate vote record of Hayden’s nomination

Dates of rank
• • • • • • • • • • June 2, 1967 — Second Lieutenant June 7, 1970 — First Lieutenant December 7, 1971 — Captain June 1, 1980 — Major February 1, 1985 — Lieutenant Colonel November 1, 1990 — Colonel September 1, 1993 — Brigadier General October 1, 1996 — Major General May 1, 1999 — Lieutenant General April 22, 2005 — General

[1] Biographies : GENERAL MICHAEL V. HAYDEN [2] Hayden announces his retirement from the Air Force, April 23, 2008 [3] [July 1997 Popular Science] Information Warriors of the 609th (needs expanding)] [4] Hayden Faces Senate and CIA Hurdles if Named: General Has Streak Of Independence And Nonconformity May 7, 2006 [5] Gen. Hayden Statement to Congress see section 27) [6] EFF class action suit [7] [1]Remarks By General Michael V. Hayden: What American Intelligence & Especially The NSA Have Been Doing To Defend The Nation] Jan 23, 2006, his testimony that, "One senior executive confided that the data management needs we outlined to him were larger than any he had previously seen" [8] Gen. Hayden Statement to Congress see section 27 [9] Transcript of National Press Club interview of General Hayden regarding wiretaps [10] "Hayden, Likely Choice for CIA Chief, Displayed Shaky Grip on 4th Amendment at Press Club" [11] Does Michael Hayden Understand the Fourth Amendment? May 10, 2006 [12] Hayden named as Bush CIA choice 8 May 2006 [13] U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote May 26, 2006 [14] Bush says U.S. not ’trolling through personal lives’ May 12, 2006


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Government offices Preceded by Kenneth A. Minihan Preceded by Initial Principal Deputy Director Preceded by Porter Goss

Michael Hayden

Director of the National Security Succeeded by Keith B. Alexander Agency 1999–2005 Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence 2005–2006 Director of the Central Intelligence Agency 2006–2009 Succeeded by Ronald L. Burgess, Jr. (acting) Succeeded by Leon Panetta

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Hayden" Categories: 1945 births, American Roman Catholics, Directors of the Central Intelligence Agency, Directors of the National Security Agency, Duquesne University alumni, Irish-Americans in the military, Living people, Recipients of the Distinguished Service Medal, Recipients of the Legion of Merit, Recipients of the Bronze Star Medal, United States Air Force generals, United States Deputy Directors of National Intelligence This page was last modified on 21 May 2009, at 02:05 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers


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