Glendale__California by zzzmarcus

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Glendale, California

Glendale, California
For the community in Humboldt County, see Glendale, Humboldt County, California.
City of Glendale - Land - Water Elevation 30.66 sq mi (79.3 km2) 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2) 522 ft (159 m)

Population (January 1, 2009) 207,303 - Total 6,770.6/sq mi (2,614.16/km2) - Density
estimated

Time zone - Summer (DST) ZIP code Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website

PST (UTC-8) PDT (UTC-7) 91201-91210, 91221, 91222, 91225, 91226 818 06-30000 1660679 ci.glendale.ca.us

Glendale (pronounced /ˈɡlɛndeɪl/) is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. It lies at the eastern end of the San Fernando Valley, is bisected by the Verdugo Seal Mountains, and is a suburb in the Greater Nickname(s): The Jewel City Los Angeles Area. The city is bordered to the northwest by the Tujunga neighborhood of Los Angeles; to the northeast by La Cañada Flintridge and the unincorporated area of La Crescenta; to the west by Burbank; to the east by Pasadena; to the southwest by the Atwater Village neighborhood of East Los Angeles; and to the southeast by the Eagle Rock and Glassell Park neighborhoods of East Los Angeles. The Golden State, Ventura, Glendale, and Foothill freeways run through the city. The city is policed by the Glendale Police Department. Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State As of the 2000 census, the city population of California. was 194,973. Since then, there have been esCoordinates: 34°10′15″N 118°15′0″W / 34.17083°N timates of 201,326 by the U.S. Census Bur118.25°W / 34.17083; -118.25 eau in 2004, 207,007 by the California State United States Country government in 2005, and 207,303 as listed by California State the California Department of Finance in 2009 Los Angeles County [1], making it the third largest city in Los Angeles County and the seventeenth largest Government Mayor Frank Quintero - City Council city in the state of California. John Drayman Glendale is famous for having helped -- in Laura Friedman conjunction with Burbank -- father the emerAra Najarian ging age of aviation, with its now defunct Dave Weaver Grand Central Airport.
Area - Total 30.7 sq mi (79.4 km2)

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Glendale’s Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery contains the remains of many celebrities and local residents. It is famous as the pioneer of a new style of cemetery.

Glendale, California
1887. The Pacific Electric Railroad brought streetcar service in 1904. Glendale incorporated in 1906, and annexed Tropico 12 years later. An important civic booster of the era was Leslie Coombs Brand (1859-1925), who built an estate in 1904 called El Miradero featuring an eyecatching mansion whose architecture combined characteristics of Spanish, Moorish, and Indian styles, copied from the East Indian Pavilion at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition (World’s Fair) held in Chicago, which he visited. Brand loved to fly, and built a private airstrip in 1919 and hosted "fly-in" parties, providing a direct link to the soon-tobe-built nearby Grand Central Airport. The grounds of El Miradero are now city-owned Brand Park and the mansion is the Brand Library, according to the terms of his will. [2]. Brand partnered with Henry E. Huntington to bring the Pacific Electric Railway, or the "Red Cars," to the area. Today, he is memorialized by one of the city’s main thoroughfares, Brand Boulevard.

History

The Glendale area in the 1870s. The area was long inhabited by the Tongva people. José María Verdugo, a corporal in the Spanish army from Baja California, received a grant of the Rancho San Rafael in 1798, an area he had been farming since 1784. In 1860 His grandson Teodoro Verdugo built the Verdugo Adobe, which is the oldest building in Glendale. The property is the location of the Oak of Peace where early Californio leaders including Jesus Pico met in 1847 and decided to surrender to Lieutenant Colonel John C. Frémont. Verdugo’s descendants sold the ranch in various parcels, some of which are included in present-day Atwater Village, Eagle Rock, and Highland Park neighborhoods of Los Angeles.

Looking south on Brand Blvd, 1915. The city’s population rose from 13,756 in 1920 to 62,736 in 1930. The Forest Lawn Memorial Park opened in 1917. Pioneering endocrinologist and entrepreneur Dr. Henry R. Harrower opened his clinic in Glendale in 1920, which for many years was the largest business in the city. The American Green Cross, an early conservation and tree preservation society, was formed in 1926 (it disbanded three years later and the current organization of that name is unrelated). In 1964, Glendale was selected by George Lincoln Rockwell to be the West Coast headquarters of the American Nazi Party. Its offices, on

Glendale, 1910. In 1884, residents gathered to form a town and chose the name "Glendale". Residents to the southwest formed "Tropico" in

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Colorado Street in the downtown section of the city, remained open until the early 1980s.

Glendale, California

Industry and development
• Grand Central Airport was a municipal airport developed from 1923 which became the largest employer in Glendale for many years, and contributed to the development of aviation in the United States in many important ways. The main terminal building still stands and includes both art deco and Spanish style architectural elements. The facility was the first official terminal for the Los Angeles area as well as the departure point for the first commercial west to east transcontinental flight flown by Charles Lindbergh. During World War II, the Grand Central Air Terminal building was camouflaged to protect it from enemy targeting. It was closed down in 1959, and made way for the Grand Central Business Park. • The Bob’s Big Boy chain of hamburger restaurants started in Glendale on East Colorado in August 1936, and the BaskinRobbins, "31 Flavors" chain of ice cream parlors started in Adams Square in 1945. • The Glendale Public Library[3] on Harvard Street houses its "Special Collections" department which contains original documents and records on much of the history of Glendale. It also contains one of the largest collections of books on cats in the world, over 20,000 volumes.[4] It was donated to the library in the 1950s by the Jewel City Cat Fanciers Club, with the understanding that it would be made into a special collection and kept permanently for club members to use and enjoy.[5] The city saw significant development in the 1970s. • Completion of the Glendale Freeway (HWY 2) and the Ventura Freeway (HWY 134). • Redevelopment of Brand Boulevard, renovation of the 1925 Alex Theatre, and construction of the Glendale Galleria shopping mall which opened in 1976. • Several large companies have offices in Glendale. The U.S. headquarters of the Swiss foods multinational Nestlé and International House of Pancakes are

The Americana at Brand located in Glendale. The Los Angeles regional office of California’s State Compensation Insurance Fund is in Glendale. Americas United Bank was formed here in 2006 and their headquarters are located in Glendale.Nero AG, the software company that makes Nero Burning Rom, also has its main North American subsidiary located in Glendale. Neopets, Inc., a company that created the popular virtual pet website, Neopets, is located in the city (it was sold in 2005 to Viacom). • In 1994, Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen formed DreamWorks SKG, a diversified entertainment company. The company’s animation section is located in the city’s Grand Central Business Park on land formerly occupied by a helicopter landing base on the old air field. The Walt Disney Company also has a large campus located in the Grand Central Business Park that includes the headquarters for its Imagineering division, and also owns what’s left of Grand Central Terminal. Part of KABC-TV has located there. • In 2005, construction began near to the Galleria of developer Rick Caruso’s "Americana at Brand", a 15.5 acre outdoor shopping and residential community. Caruso had previously designed and built The Grove at Farmers Market. The new Glendale development was opened to the public on May 2, 2008, and features 75 shops and restaurants, 238 apartments, 100 condominiums, and a Pacific Theatres 18-plex Cinema which seats 3000 people [6].

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Glendale, California
on both sides of the Glendale Freeway. The 100-acre fire, one of the worst in the city’s history, resulted in flames leapfrogging from house to house, destroying some, leaving others untouched. After the devastating fire, the Glendale City Council passed a brush-clearing ordinance that called for more frequent inspection of private property by fire officials, and it allowed firefighters to cut back overgrown brush on private property and charge owners for the work. On February 6, 1996, seven people were killed in the worst arson-murder in the city’s history. The fire killed a Glendale mother, Turan Avanesian, and her six children, from ages 4 to 17. Jorjik Avanesian, who was convicted of dousing his family’s one-bedroom apartment in Glendale with gasoline and setting it on fire, later killed himself in jail. In 2005, 11 people died and about 180 were injured in a Metrolink (Southern California) train accident when a man who later claimed he was suicidal parked his sport utility vehicle on the tracks in Glendale. The driver was convicted of murder.

Crime
Glendale police officers took on bootleggers and airmen in the 1920s, a decade when the department had both a "liquor detail" and an "air policeman" charged with citing pilots for flying violations committed over the city. In 1944, the Glendale city manager took on Police Chief V.B. Browne over suspected officer corruption, and Browne was asked to resign for failing to control his staff. But Browne asked to stay on as a patrolman, and he walked a beat until his retirement in 1948. Glendale lost four police officers in the line of duty. The first officer in the area killed in the line of duty was Charles Whitney Smith, marshal for the city of Tropico, later annexed by Glendale. Smith had already been told he was fired, but he wanted to finish his day. So on his last day, Jan. 9, 1915, he was shot to death when he tried to stop a robbery suspect on a street car. Glendale police officer Leslie O. Clem was killed in a motorcycle accident in 1926 while pursuing a suspect’s car. During the course of the pursuit his motorcycle struck streetcar tracks, causing Officer Clem to be thrown from the bike. He succumbed to his injuries the next day. In 1997, Charles Lazzaretto became the first Glendale police officer in 25 years to die in the line of duty when an attempted-murder suspect, holed up in a Chatsworth warehouse, shot Lazzaretto in the head. In the ensuing gunfight, the suspect was slain and two Los Angeles police officers wounded. Glendale police officer John Isaacson was killed in an automobile accident while on duty in 1972. In 1985, "Night Stalker" Richard Ramirez terrorized the Los Angeles area, including Glendale. He was linked to the death of Max Kneiding and his wife, Lela Ellen, who were shot to death in their Glendale home. Ramirez also was later linked to a slaying just south of Glendale’s Forest Lawn Memorial Park. In an earlier case, Angelo Buono, a Glendale auto upholsterer, was convicted of sexually torturing and murdering nine women whose bodies were dumped on Los Angeles-area hillsides in 1977 and 1978. In June 1990, an arson fire damaged or destroyed 64 homes in Glendale’s San Rafael Hills and caused $40 million in damage. Evening rush-hour traffic was brought to a halt at the height of the fire as flames burned

Gangs
Glendale was once home to more than 30 different gangs. Gang violence peaked in the 90’s. Over time, the numbers have dropped significantly, and now there are only five documented gangs in the city.[7] Gang activity is primarily located in the low-income, Hispanic area of South Glendale, bordering the Northeast Los Angeles neighborhoods of Atwater Village, Glassell Park and Eagle Rock. Historically, South Glendale is claimed by the Mexican gang Tooner Ville Rifa. The gang’s ongoing attempt to control this area has lead to turf wars between it and rival gangs from the bordering cities. Even the arrest and conviction of one of the gang’s leaders has done little to stop gang activity. The problem has pushed Glendale and Los Angeles city officials to seek an injunction against the gang, covering 4.5 square-miles. This area is bordered by the Los Angeles River, the Glendale Freeway, and the streets of Broadway and Verdugo Road.[8] In 2009, TVR was listed as one of LAPD’s top 14 targeted street gangs.[9] Another primary source of Glendale’s gang problem is the Avenues gang, which has also been listed as one of the LAPD’s top 14 targeted street gangs. On June 25th, 2008,

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over 500 officers, including SWAT teams, participated in a take-down of the gang. A clique leader was arrested in the 900 block of East Windsor in South Glendale.[10]

Glendale, California
average density of 928.6/km² (2,405.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.6% Armenian/ White, 1.6% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 16.1% Asian American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.6% from other races, and 10.1% from two or more races. 19.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Geography
Glendale is located at 34°10′15″N 118°15′0″W / 34.17083°N 118.25°W / 34.17083; -118.25 (34.170939, -118.250081)[11] at the juncture of two large valleys, the San Fernando and the San Gabriel. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 79.4 km2 (30.7 sq mi). 79.4 km² (30.6 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it (0.07%) is water. It is bordered to the north by the foothill communities of La Canada Flintridge, La Crescenta, and Tujunga; to the south by the Atwater Village community incorporated by the city of Los Angeles; to the east by Pasadena and Eagle Rock (also incorporated within Los Angeles); and to the west by the city of Burbank.

Climate
Glendale has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa).

Demographics
Statistics
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 2,746 — 1910 13,536 392.9% 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 62,736 82,582 95,702 119,442 132,664 139,060 180,038 194,973 363.5% 31.6% 15.9% 24.8% 11.1% 4.8% 29.5% 8.3% 801 North Brand. One of Glendale’s many modern skyscrapers. Companies like Nestle, Great West Life, Citi, Unum Provident, and Cigna have offices downtown. There were 71,805 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.27. In the city the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males.

Est. 2007 200,859 3.0% Foreign-born residents accounted for 54% of the population in 2000. As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 194,973 people, 71,805 households, and 49,617 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,456.1/km² (6,362.2/ mi²). There were 73,713 housing units at an

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For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $41,805, and the median income for a family was $47,633. Males had a median income of $39,709 versus $33,815 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,227. About 13.6% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.7% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

Glendale, California
• Salem Lutheran School • Glendale Adventist Academy. Glendale is also home to Glendale Community College.

Politics
The city of Glendale, along with neighboring Burbank and Pasadena, falls under California’s 29th district in the United States House of Representatives. Congressman Adam Schiff has represented the district since 2000, and his vocal stances on issues regarding US-Armenia relations reflect the large Armenian presence in the district. In the state legislature Glendale is located in the 21st Senate District, represented by Democrat Jack Scott, and in the 38th and 43rd Assembly Districts, represented by Republican Cameron Smyth and Democrat Paul Krekorian respectively. Federally, Glendale is located in California’s 29th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +12[16] and is represented by Democrat Adam Schiff.

Armenian population
Glendale is home to 53,860 Armenian-Americans, making up 27.6% of the total population [14]. As of 2009, one of the five members of Glendale’s city council is of Armenian descent--Ara J. Najarian. Armenian families have lived in the city since the 1920s, but the surge in immigration escalated in the 1970s. Armenian-Americans are well integrated into the city, with many restaurants, several Armenian schools, and ethnic/cultural organizations serving this ethnic group.

Education

Community organizations

Glendale Public Library. The Glendale Unified School District operates the public schools in Glendale. The GUSD high schools include: • Glendale High School • Herbert Hoover High School • Clark Magnet High School located in La Crescenta. • Crescenta Valley High School located in La Crescenta. • Allan F. Daily High School (Continuation) A number of private schools also operate in Glendale: • Chamlian Armenian School[15] • Holy Family High School

Brand Library and Art Center. The City of Glendale includes a variety of nonprofit organizations that enhance the quality of life in Glendale. Strong links between local residents, business owners, and government have created a network of organizations that provide support in the areas of education, employment, homeless services, after-school activities, and social services. Local organizations include: • The Salvation Army Glendale • The Kiwanis Club of Glendale

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• Glendale Community Free Health Clinic • PATH Achieve Glendale (Homeless Access Center & Shelter) • Glendale Healthy Kids • Glendale Historical Society nominated film composer Doug Dohring, CEO of Neopets Nicole Eggert, actress Erika Eleniak, actress Robert Englund, actor Nick Evans, Major League Baseball player for the New York Mets Doug Forrester, businessman and politician from New Jersey Edward Furlong, actor The Game, rapper One-2, rapper Beverly Garland, actress Daryl Gates, former LAPD police chief Scott Gorham, musician Joe Hahn, musician Taraji P. Henson, Academy Awardnominated actress Chris Holmes, lead guitarist, W.A.S.P. Lux Interior and Kristy Wallace, musicians, The Cramps Maren Jensen, actress Ed King, Guitarist, Strawberry Alarm Clock & Lynyrd Skynyrd Nathan Kress, child actor Greg Kriesel, musician

Glendale, California
• Vanes Martirosyan, boxer • Tim Matheson, actor • Brandon McCarthy, pitcher for the Texas Rangers • Eva Mendes, actress • Dennis Muren, special effects artist • Taylor Negron,actor, comedian • Ken Osmond, actor from Leave it to Beaver • Paul Petersen, actor • Sam Phillips, musician • Debra Jo Rupp, actress • Jay-R, actor, TV host • Robert Schmidt, Musician, Flogging Molly • T. Sean Shannon, SNL/ comedy writer • Stirling Silliphant, screen-writer, producer • Rick Springfield, musician • Ann Tyrrell, actress • Ron Underwood, director • Paul Walker, actor • John Wayne, actor • Gregg Zaun, catcher for the Baltimore Orioles • Michael Richards,actor

• • • • •

Sister cities

• Glendale from the southwest, with the San Gabriel Mountains in the background. Currently, Glendale has the following sister cities.[17] • Kapan, Armenia • • • • Higashiosaka, Japan Hiroshima, Japan Tlaquepaque, Mexico Rosarito Beach, Baja California, Mexico • • • • •

Notable residents
A number of notable people are natives of or have lived in Glendale, including: • Tatev • Jonna Lee, Abrahamyan, actress chess player • Kevin Lucero • Captain Less, actor / Beefheart, artist musician • Mike Lieberthal, • Elvin Bishop, catcher for the musician Los Angeles • Clara Bryant, Dodgers actress • Benji Madden, • Laura Cain/Born lead guitarist, Laura Heitter, Good Charlotte Radio Host/actor/ • Joel Madden, model lead vocalist, • Armen Good Charlotte Chakmakian, and Nicole musician and Richie composer • Daron Malakian, • John Cho, actor lead guitarist, • Doug Davidson, System of a soap opera actor Down • John Debney, • Rafi Manoukian, Academy Award politician

• • •

•

•

• •

• •

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• Shia LaBeouf, actor

Glendale, California
[11] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/ www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [12] "Average weather for Glendale". Weather.com. http://www.weather.com/ outlook/health/achesandpains/ climatology/monthly/ USCA0423?from=36hr_newslinker2. Retrieved on 29 March 2008. [13] "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [14] U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2000 [15] http://www.chamlian.org [16] "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/ blog_item-85.html. Retrieved on 2008-02-10. [17] Sister Cities International

See also
• List of cities in California

Notes
[1] "E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State with Annual Percent Change — January 1, 2008 and 2009". California Department of Finance. 2009-05. http://www.dof.ca.gov/research/ demographic/reports/estimates/e-1/ 2008-09/. Retrieved on 2009-05-02. [2] The Brand legacy, Mansion and Library [3] "City of Glendale, CA — Library". http://www.ci.glendale.ca.us/library/ default.asp. [4] "The 20,000 books ... on cats is the largest such collection in the world." Pitt, Leonard; Dale Pitt (1997). "Glendale". Los Angeles A to Z (1 ed.). Los Angeles: University of California Press. [5] Personal communication by Wikipedia editor "JesseW" with Glendale head reference librarian, 20 June 2005 (UTC). [6] L.A. Times issue 25 April, 2005 [7] Police Go On Gang Offensive [8] L.A., Glendale seek injunction against Toonerville gang [9] Los Angeles Police Department 2009 Gang Initiatives [10] FEDERAL RACKETEERING INDICTMENT TARGETS MEMBERS OF VIOLENT DREW STREET GANG IN NORTHEAST LOS ANGELES

External links
• Official website • Glendale News-Press - local media • Glendale, California is at coordinates 34°10′15″N 118°15′00″W / 34.170939°N 118.250081°W / 34.170939; -118.250081 (Glendale, California)Coordinates: 34°10′15″N 118°15′00″W / 34.170939°N 118.250081°W / 34.170939; -118.250081 (Glendale, California)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glendale,_California" Categories: Cities in Los Angeles County, California, Communities in the San Fernando Valley, Armenian diaspora communities in the United States This page was last modified on 24 May 2009, at 19:50 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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