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CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 76 News CPS • SCP ○ ○ ○ ○ CANADIAN PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOCIETY • SOCIÉTÉ CANADIENNE DE PHYTOPATHOLOGIE ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ VOL. 49, NO. 4 www.cps-scp.ca December 2005 Mot du Président/ Inside this issue: President’s Message Announcements ........................... 88-90 André Lévesque Book Review ..................................... 91 Committee Reports ........................... 82 Colloque sur le Réseau phytosanitaire Sci. Policy ...................................... 82 canadien Contact the Editors .......................... 93 Deadline for March Issue .................. 90 Lors de la réunion annuelle du Western Employment ..................................... 93 Pest Management Forum, le président Bruce Membership renewal .................... 88-89 Gossen a organisé ce colloque. Kitty Mot du Président ......................... 76-79 Cardwell, directrice du Réseau national People and Travel ............................. 92 de phytodiagnostic, a fait une présentation President’s Message .................... 79-81 fort impressionnante sur le développement Regional Meetings ....................... 82-88 et les composantes du nouveau réseau américain. La motivation du départ était chêne et la rouille du soja, des la protection introductions accidentelles de nouvelles des plantes maladies. Liz Foster, Directrice des contre des services de laboratoires des végétaux & actes délibérés biotechnologie, Agence canadienne d’introduction d’inspection des aliments, a présenté un d’agents modèle possible de réseau phytosanitaire pathogènes. pancanadien pour protéger le pays contre Des les espèces exotiques envahissantes. Je ressources crois fermement que notre société peut importantes jouer un rôle clé dans cette nouvelle ont été structure grâce à l’expertise et la diversité investies dans de nos membres. Nos publications ce réseau. contiennent la plus grande quantité Son efficacité d’information scientifique et historique a été sur les maladies des plantes au Canada. démontrée Un réseau qui permettrait de mieux dans le feu de supporter les laboratoires de diagnostic, l’action avec la de mieux gérer les données, de mieux mort subite du valider l’identification des espèces qui CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 77 causent des risques pour notre production Agriculture et agroalimentaire Canada et et nos exportations, de partager certaines l’Agence de santé publique du Canada. informations en temps réel et d’augmenter nos efforts en dépistage serait un pas important pour la protection Numérisation de tous les numéros de la des végétaux au pays. Voir le rapport du Revue canadienne de phytopathologie Comité des politiques scientifiques de Bruce Gossen pour plus de détails sur Heather Martin, gestionnaire des cette initiative importante. C’est à opérations d’apprentissage en ligne de la suivre… bibliothèque de l’université de Guelph et ses collègues ont numérisé tous les numéros manquants de la Revue Initiative nationale sur les collections de canadienne de phytopathologie. C’est un microorganismes projet important pour notre société qui nous place à l’avant-garde dans ce L’initiative sur la création d’une domaine. C’est grâce aux apports organisation nationale qui aiderait à bénévoles de ce genre que nos réseauter et maintenir nos collections publications peuvent avoir un impact. nationales est un autre exemple de Notre revue se classe déjà très bien politique scientifique où la SCP s’est comparée aux revues du même genre. impliquée Cette initiative grâce à Tom ne pourra que Forge qui la favoriser avait poussé davantage. de l’avant <<J’apprécie les invitations que j’ai Merci Heather. cette reçues pour participer aux réunions initiative. Le régionales. Je vous encourage à ministère de Réunions la Défense continuer d’inviter le président à vos régionales nationale par prochaines réunions.>> l’intermédiaire En plus de de l’IRTC celle du sud de (http://www.crti.drdc-rddc.gc.ca/) a l’Ontario de cet été (voir mon message du subventionné une étude de faisabilité sur numéro de septembre), j’ai participé à la création et le soutien d’un tel réseau et deux autres réunions régionales cet organisation. L’appel d’offre 01B68- automne. Malheureusement, j’ai dû 060084/A par Travaux publics et Services annuler à la dernière minute une gouvernementaux Canada intitulé Étude quatrième réunion. Les réunions de faisabilité se trouve sur http:// régionales sont une partie cruciale de la www.merx.com sous Services et base de notre société. On y retrouve une Recherche et développement. La date de grande diversité de participants, incluant fermeture est le 9 janvier 2006. plusieurs qui ne peuvent venir aux Parallèlement à cet effort, une enquête réunions nationales pour des raisons commencera en début d’année pour souvent financières. On peut entrevoir mettre à jour l’inventaire des lors de ces réunions l’avenir de la souchotèques. Vous pouvez contacter phytopathologie au Canada. À ces Carolyn Babcock (BabcockC@agr.gc.ca) réunions, on peut discuter pour la pour en savoir plus sur cette enquête. première fois en public des nouveaux Plusieurs ministères sont impliqués dans problèmes qui ont eu un impact important ces deux initiatives dirigées par pendant l’été ou encore, de nouvelles approches pour lutter contre les maladies. CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 78 Des étudiants y font souvent leurs province. Byron est une source premières armes dans des présentations. d’information intarissable sur l’importance On voit donc la relève en action. C’est un et le processus de ces compétitions qui privilège de pouvoir assister à plus d’une peuvent mener à la finale nationale. réunion pendant un court laps de temps et Cette année, la compétition nationale je comprends mieux que jamais pourquoi aura lieu dans la Ville de Saguenay les 16 notre dernier plan stratégique avait donné et 17 mai 2006. Des présentations reliées tant d’importance à ces activités de notre à la phytopathologie devraient s’y société. dérouler. On recherche des juges. Vous pouvez offrir votre collaboration en La réunion des phytopathologistes de communiquant avec Robert Loiselle Colombie britannique a eu lieu à (firstname.lastname@example.org) au Département Abbotsford les 17 et 18 octobre. Elle a été des sciences fondamentales, Université fort bien organisée par Siva Sabaratnam, du Québec à Chicoutimi. Je crois qu’il est Andrea Buonassisi, Vippen Joshi, Maria important que la SCP y soit représentée. Jeffries et Janice Elmhirst. Les membres de Colombie britannique ont invité la SCP à tenir sa réunion annuelle de 2010 dans Nouvelle édition du livre Maladies et leur province. La réunion de la Société de ravageurs des cultures légumières au phytopathologie de l’Alberta organisée par Canada Ron Howard et son excellente équipe a eu lieu du 8 au 10 novembre à Canmore, Tel que mentionné dans mon message de après le Western Pest Management Forum. septembre, la version française qui était La réunion des maritimes organisée par épuisée est maintenant disponible en Xianzhou Nie a eu lieu de 1er décembre à version CD-ROM. Ce livre est excellent, Frédéricton. On m’y avait invité. mais il a été publié en 1994. Certaines Malheureusement, j’ai dû annuler à la sections ont besoin d’une mise à jour. dernière minute. Des comptes rendus C’était une des raisons pour ne pas le plus détaillés de ces colloques sont inclus réimprimer. Il faut donc commencer à dans ce numéro. J’apprécie les invitations penser à une nouvelle édition. Bruce que j’ai reçues pour participer aux Gossen, Mary Ruth McDonald et Ron réunions régionales. Je vous encourage à Howard sont en train d’évaluer différentes continuer d’inviter le président à vos options. Si vous voulez participer à ce prochaines réunions. processus, n’hésitez pas à les contacter. Expo-sciences pancanadienne Réunion annuelle de 2005 avec Plant Canada J’ai été agréablement surpris de voir l’implication de la société de Il a été décidé que Plant Canada puisse phytopathologie de l’Alberta dans les garder $5000 des profits de la réunion, et compétitions expo-sciences pour les ce, pour aider à financer l’organisation de jeunes de la province. Nous avons besoin la prochaine réunion. Une fois les de relève. L’idée de créer un intérêt chez dépenses rencontrées, comme le repas les jeunes est excellente. Ce genre pour l’AGA et le coût de notre colloque d’initiative pourrait être mis en place dans comptabilisé, il figure au livre de la SCP d’autres provinces si ce n’est pas déjà fait. près de $5,000 de profit. Merci encore à La société de phytopathologie de l’Alberta Mike Deyholos pour l’organisation et le décerne des prix et encourage fortement succès financier de cette réunion. ses membres à participer comme juges. Byron Puchalski est très impliqué dans sa CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 79 Réunion annuelle de 2006 in this endeavour. Its efficiency was demonstrated through a baptism by fire Les préparatifs de la réunion de l’été with sudden oak death and soybean rust, prochain (29 juillet au 2 août 2006) avec which were recent introductions of new les sociétés américaines de mycologie et diseases. Liz Foster, Director, Plant phytopathologie vont bon train. Nous Health & Biotechnology Laboratory pensons que vous serez nombreux à Services, Canadian Inspection Food participer à cet évènement qui va réunir Agency, presented a model for a Plant pour la première fois ces trois sociétés, Protection Network for Canada to help us sur un des plus beaux sites historiques en prepare better against Invasive Alien Amérique du Nord. Consultez Species. I feel strongly that our society régulièrement (http:// can play a leading role in this new meeting.apsnet.org/) et réservez le plus organization because of the expertise and tôt possible. diversity of our membership. Our publications contain the largest quantity of scientific and historical information on Prix de notre société plant diseases in Canada. A network that would provide better support for diagnostic Notre société décerne des prix laboratories, which would help to better annuellement. L’historique des prix qui manage data, to validate identification of ont été décernés se retrouve dans species that put our production and l’annuaire des membres et à http:// exports at risk, to share selected www.cps-scp.ca/previousawardees.htm. information in real time, and to increase Reconnaître l’excellence de certains our efforts in surveillance would be an collègues est une fonction importante des important step in plant protection for our associations scientifiques. Pour vos mises country. Please see the Science Policy en candidature, surveillez l’annonce committee report for more details on this officielle de Suha Jabaji-Hare. important initiative. Stay tuned... Je souhaite donc à toutes et tous de National initiative on microbial culture Joyeuses Fêtes et une très Bonne Année collections 2006 qui s’annonce déjà riche en évènements pour notre société. Initiating the creation of a national organization that would help network and support our national collections is another example of scientific policy where the CPS Symposium on a Plant Health Network was involved. Tom Forge led this for Canada initiative. The department of National Defence through CRTI (http:// Bruce Gossen organized this symposium www.crti.drdc-rddc.gc.ca/) funded a during the annual meeting of the Western feasibility study on the creation and Forum on Pest Management that he support of such a network and chaired. Kitty Cardwell, Director of the organization. A call for proposals entitled US National Plant Diagnostic Network, Feasibility Study (01B68-060084/A) from gave an impressive presentation on the Public Works and Government Services development and the components of the Canada can be found at http:// new US network. The original goal was to www.merx.com under Services and protect plants against deliberate Research & Development. The closing introductions of plant pathogens and date is January 9th, 2006. At the same significant resources have been invested time, a survey will be conducted in the CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 80 New Year to update the directory of culture collections. You can contact the first time in a public forum. Students Carolyn Babcock (BabcockC@agr.gc.ca) if often make their first presentation at a you want to know more about this survey. scientific meeting, giving us a glimpse of Several departments are involved in these the new generation. To be able to attend two initiatives led by Agriculture and Agri- a few regional meetings in a short period Food Canada and the Public Health of time is a privilege and I understand Agency of Canada. better why our last strategic plan emphasized so much the importance of regional meetings. Digitization of all the issues of Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology The BC regional meeting took place in Abbotsford, October 17-18. It was very Heather Martin, Manager of E-Learning well organized by Siva Sabaratnam, Operations, University of Guelph Library, Andrea Buonassisi, Vippen Joshi, Maria and her colleagues have digitized all the Jeffries and Janice Elmhirst. The BC older issues of CJPP that were not on-line. members invited the CPS to hold its This is an important project for our national annual meeting of 2010 in BC. society, keeping us at the leading edge in The Plant Pathology Society of Alberta held this area. The support of volunteers is its meeting in Canmore, November 8-10, crucial to maintain the impact of our right after the Western Forum on Pest publications. Our journal is already well Management. It was organized by Ron placed compared to other similar journals Howard and his very efficient team. The and this initiative can only make it better. Maritime regional meeting was organized Thank you Heather. by Xianzhou Nie and took place on December 1st in Regional Fredericton. meetings “I appreciate the invitations I have re- I was ceived to attend regional meetings and I invited well In addition to encourage you to keep inviting the presi- in advance, the Southern dent of CPS to your future meetings.” but Ontario CPS unfortunately regional I had to meeting this cancel at summer (see my message in the the last minute. More detailed reports of September issue), I participated to two these meetings are available in this issue other regional meetings this fall. of the newsletter. I appreciate the Unfortunately, at the last minute I had to invitations I have received to attend cancel a fourth meeting. Our regional regional meetings and I encourage you to meetings are an essential grassroots keep inviting the president of CPS to your activity for our society. I found a great future meetings. diversity in participants, including many that would not come to national meetings often because of financial constraints. Canada-Wide Science Fair One can foresee during these meetings the future of plant pathology in Canada. It I was pleasantly surprised to see the is during these regional meetings that commitment of the Plant Pathology Society new diseases that showed up during the of Alberta towards youth science fairs in past summer or new approaches for disease management are discussed for CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 81 we were left with a profit of approximately $5000. Once again, I want to thank Mike the province. We need new plant Deyholos for the organization and the pathologists and the idea of stimulating financial success of this meeting. interest very early is excellent and might be relevant for other regional groups if they have not done so already. The Plant 2006 Annual Meeting Pathology Society of Alberta gives awards and encourages members to participate as Planning for the annual meeting next judges. Byron Puchalski is actively summer (29 July-2 August, 2006) with the involved in the province and was very American Phytopathological and knowledgeable about the importance and Mycological Societies is continuing at a the process of the competitions which can fast pace. We believe that many of you lead to the national fair. This year it will will want to participate in this event that be held in the city of Saguenay, May 16- will have our three societies together for 17, 2006. There should be some plant the first time in one of the most beautiful pathology presentations. They are looking historical sites in North America. You for judges and you can contact Robert should regularily check the meeting Loiselle (email@example.com), website (http://meeting.apsnet.org/) to Département des sciences fondamentales, make sure that you arrange your Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, if you reservations as early as possible. are interested. I believe that it is important that CPS is represented. CPS Awards New edition of Diseases and Pests of Each year our society gives out awards. Vegetable Crops in Canada The names of previous awardees can be found in the membership directory or at As mentioned in my message of http://www.cps-scp.ca/ September, the French version of this previousawardees.htm. An important book was sold out, but is now available as function of a scientific society is to allow CD-ROM. This is an excellent book, but members to recognize the excellence of some sections are in need of being their peers. Please watch for the official updated because it came out in 1994. nomination call that will come from Suha This was one of the reasons for not Jabaji-Hare. reprinting the French version. Therefore, we need to think about a new edition. Bruce Gossen, Mary Ruth McDonald and I wish you all Happy Holidays and a Happy Ron Howard are evaluating different New Year for 2006 which already appears options. Please contact them if you are to be eventful for our society. interested in participating in this process. 2005 Annual Meeting with Plant Canada It was decided that Plant Canada could keep $5000 from the profits of the 2005 meeting in order to more easily fund the preparation of the next meeting. Once all the expenses such as the food for our AGM and cost of our symposium were tabulated, CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 82 Committee Reports positive development - we hope that a full- time co-ordinator will accelerate the pace of development of an implementation Report of the Science Policy Committee, strategy, work to build a network of 2005 diagnostic labs based on existing provincial labs, co-ordinate the Canadian program At the annual meeting of CPS in June with the USDA network, and, perhaps 2005, the CPS Board decided to augment most important of all, ensure an ongoing the activity of the Science Policy supply of funding to nourish this new Committee with an ad-hoc committee network. The ad-hoc committee is working focussed on a Plant Health Network for closely with CFIA to ensure that issues Canada. As a result of this initiative, the important to CPS members are being Science Policy Committee contributed considered and addressed as the scope substantially towards developing a and focus of this initiative are developed. symposium on a Plant Health Network for Canada. This symposium was convened If you would like more information on this under the auspices of the Western Forum issue, have suggestions for other issues on Pest Management on November 8, 2005 that should be considered by the Science at Canmore Alberta. At the symposium, Policy Committee, or would like to become Dr. K. Cardwell (Director, Plant involved in the ad-hoc committee, don’t Diagnostic Network, USDA) described the hesitate to contact any member of the network that has been developed in the committee. USA for the rapid identification and containment of invasive pest species, and Respectfully submitted, Dr. E. Foster (Director, Plant Health & Bruce Gossen, Chair Biotechnology Laboratory Services, CFIA) presented the framework for a Canadian Plant Health Network initiative called “PlantProNet.” In addition, five individuals were invited to represent the viewpoints of selected interest groups to the CFIA proposal. Three of those individuals were members of the ad-hoc CPS committee; Regional Meetings André Lévesque (representing CPS), Mary Ruth McDonald (University), and Bruce Gossen (Plant Canada). The intense interest that was generated at the British Columbia 2005 Regional Meeting symposium is indicated by the observation Report that more than 2/3 of the participants delayed lunch by two hours to continue a About 40 people attended the 2005 BC-CPS question and answer session at the regional meeting held at the Abbotsford conclusion of the symposium. An updated Agricultural Centre, British Columbia version of Dr. Foster’s presentation will be Ministry of Agriculture and Lands, on Oct. available shortly on the WFPM website 17-18. Keynote speaker, Dr. David (http://www.westernforum.org/), and Gillespie, from the Agriculture and Agri- copies of Dr. Cardwell’s presentation are Food Canada – Pacific Agriculture available on CD from B. Gossen. Research Centre, Agassiz, BC gave a thought-provoking presentation on the Recently (early December), CFIA assigned topic of “Invasive Alien Species: Nora Nishikawa as project co-ordinator for Definitions, Ecology, Evolution and the PlantProNet initiative. This is a very Migration”. Although primarily an CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 83 entomologist, Dr. Gillespie showed how of her recent visit to agricultural the issues and scenarios surrounding producers in New Zealand sponsored by invasive alien arthropod species apply the Rotary Clubs of Canada. In the similarly to plant pathogens as well as to business meeting, Dr. Copeman, human pathogens and other alien species treasurer, reported that the BC-CPS from weeds to mammals. region We were pleased to presently has welcome Dr. André $1,405.11 in Lévesque, our current the bank CPS President, back to account (before sunny British Columbia. any deductions Dr. Lévesque gave a from the 2005 historical overview and meeting), plus a update on his recent $1,000.00 GIC. work with functional It was moved by genomics and micro- R. Hunt, arrays and their seconded by A. application in studies of Buonassisi and plant pathogen ecology. approved that the GIC and Prizes for the best bank account student presentations remain “as is” Elizabeth Hui, Student Award Winner, were awarded to (status quo), with Dr. Bob Copeman, Chair of the Elizabeth Hui, Dept. of but members be Judges Committee Plant Science, University invited to of British Columbia, submit Vancouver and AAFC- PARC Summerland suggestions for use of excess funds at the (supervisor Dr. D. Rochon) for her talk 2006 meeting. It was suggested that a entitled “Evaluation of the role of ‘float’ be made available for future meeting cucumber necrosis virus coat protein on organizers to meet expenses (no specific $ particle structure and virus transmission”; figure was discussed). and Syama Chatterton, Dept. of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University Gayle Jesperson reported that the CPS is (supervisor Dr. Z. Punja) for her talk considering having their national meeting entitled “Interactions between Gliocladium in Kelowna, British Columbia in 2010. It catenulatum, Fusarium oxysporum and was moved by A. Buonassisi, seconded by cucumber plants leading to biological V. Joshi and approved by the members control of fusarium root and stem rot”. that the BC Regional CPS group issue a Each award included a $100 cash prize, formal invitation to the Canadian donated by United Agri Products Inc. and Phytopathological Society to hold its Engage Agro, plus a one-year membership national meeting in British Columbia in in the Canadian Phytopathological Society. 2010. Many thanks were expressed to the Dr. Robert (Bob) Copeman, representing 2005 organizing committee: Dr. Siva the judges’ committee, remarked Sabaratnum (chair), Andrea Buonassisi, particularly on the excellence of the visual Vippen Joshi, Maria Jefferies and Dr. aids in the student presentations. Janice Elmhirst. Dan O’Gorman agreed to co-ordinate the 2006 BC regional meeting Those who attended the Monday evening to be held in Summerland in the 3rd week banquet enjoyed a presentation by Ms. Pat of October. Tonn (BCMAL) entitled “Agriculture in the Land of the Long White Cloud” – a record CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 84 2005 Annual Meeting of the Plant given by Mr. Y.M. Kim entitled Pathology Society of Alberta Heterologous expression of functional PtrToxB, a host-specific toxin produced by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis The 26th annual meeting of the Plant (supervisor S. Strelkov, Univ. Alberta), and Pathology Society of Alberta (PPSA) was a poster by Ms. N. Sharma entitled held from November 8-10, 2005 at the Application of proteomics to investigate Radisson Hotel and Conference Center in Alternaria blackspot tolerance in canola Canmore, a picturesque community (sup. N. Kav, Univ. Alberta). Two located on the eastern fringe of the Rocky honourable mentions were given to Mr. H. Mountains just west of Calgary. This Solantoo for his talk Identification and conference was planned to follow the characterization of genes differentially annual meeting of the Western Forum on expressed in wheat carrying the Lr34/ Pest Management and its constituent Yr18 genes for adult plant resistance to committees, the Western Committee on leaf and stripe rust (sup. Mohammad Reza Crop Pests and the Western Committee on Ghannadha, Univ. Teheran) and to Mr. Plant Diseases (WCPD), which were held S.M. Xue for his poster Evaluation of in the same location. Several out-of- spore isolation techniques for province plant pathologists stayed over Plasmodiophora brassicae, causal agent from the WCPD meeting to attend all or of clubroot of crucifers (sup. S. Strelkov, part of the PPSA conference. These Univ. Alberta). These awards were included: Mary Ruth McDonald, University presented at the annual meeting banquet, of Guelph, Guelph, ON; Khalid Rashid, which also featured an interesting and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, superbly illustrated presentation entitled Morden, MB; Bruce Gossen, Agriculture Images of the Rockies by a local naturalist, and Agri-Food Canada, Saskatoon, SK; Peter Duck. Karen Bedford, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Summerland, BC; Vippen Joshi, Highlights of the business meeting British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture, included an update on CPS/SCP activities Food and Fisheries, Abbotsford, BC; and by André Lévesque and presentations on Saad Masri, Canadian Food Inspection the new terms of reference for the PPSA’s Agency, Sidney, BC. A special guest, Dr. standing committees on Awards (Denis André Lévesque, President/Président of Gaudet, Chair), Disease Surveys (Kelly the Canadian Phytopathological Society/ Turkington, Chair), and History (Steve La Société Canadienne de Strelkov, Chair). In addition, it was Phytopathologie, also attended the entire announced that the 2005 Dr. Terry conference. Swanson Memorial Scholarship will be presented to a yet-to-be-named student The 46 people who registered for the PPSA from the University of Alberta, and that conference were presented with in-depth the 2005 PPSA Graduate Student information on the latest research and Scholarship will be given to Mr. Sanjeeva disease survey findings through 19 oral Srivastava from the University of Alberta papers and 11 posters. Several excellent at a future date. Dr. Henry Huang, presentations were made by graduate Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, students from the University of Alberta Lethbridge was selected to be an honorary and University of Lethbridge. These were life member of the PPSA. The 2006 judged by a panel consisting of Karen annual meeting will be held in Edmonton Bedford, Byron Puchalski and Mike and the new officers of the Society will be: Harding in order to choose the Best Steve Strelkov - President; Denis Gaudet - Student Presentation Award. There was a Vice-President; Peter Blenis - Secretary/ tie for this award between an oral paper Treasurer; Julie Bernier - Director, CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 85 Northern Region; George Turnbull - Nine papers and fourteen posters were Director, Central Region, and Mike presented throughout the afternoon. Harding - Director Southern Region. Many of the presentations were by University of Saskatchewan graduate Submitted by: Ron Howard (Past- students from the departments of President) Chemistry, Biology, and Plant Sciences. Topics included research on phytoalexins and other plant defense chemicals in crucifers, PCR detection methods for 2005 Saskatchewan CPS Annual fungal isolates, genetics of disease meeting resistance in barley, epidemiology studies in lentil and crop management practices for disease control in canola and wheat. The Saskatchewan Regional group of the The presentations encompassed research Canadian Phytopathological Society met in on plant pathogens such as Pyrenophora conjunction with the Saskatchewan teres and Fusarium graminearum on barley, Advisory Council on Crop Protection leaf spot and root rot pathogens on wheat, (SACCP) - Disease Sub-council on Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Leptosphaeria December 5th and 6th, 2005, at Agriculture maculans and phyoplasma strains on and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) in canola, and Colletotrichum truncatum and Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The meeting Stemphylium botryosum on lentil. Reports was once again very well attended. of potential biocontrol fungi against Approximately 60 participants (research Cylindrocladium, Fusarium and Pestalotiopsis scientists, technicians, graduate root rots in black spruce, and a novel students, extension personnel and Colletotrichum sp. on Arabidopsis thaliana industry representatives) enjoyed an were also given. Abstracts for afternoon of engrossing scientific presentations were submitted for presentations in plant pathology. publication in the March 2006 volume of the Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. The meeting opened with introductions, followed by an update on the Society by The winner of the 2005 Vanterpool Prize CPS President-Elect, Dr. Bruce Gossen, was announced at the Saskatchewan CPS and an update on the 2007 Plant Canada meeting. The T.C. Vanterpool Prize in meeting by Local Arrangements Chair, Dr. Plant Pathology is a University of Karen Bailey. Plant Canada is a Saskatchewan cash prize awarded to a U federation of Canadian Plant Science of S student who has made an outstanding Societies including Canadian Botanical effort in the field of plant pathology by his/ Association, Canadian Society of Plant her exceptional research, presentations at Physiologists, Canadian Phytopathological meetings or conferences, and/or Society, Canadian Society of Agronomy, involvement in plant pathology projects. Canadian Society of Horticultural Science The 2005 T.C. Vanterpool Prize went to and Canadian Weed Science Society. The David L Geenshields, a Ph.D. candidate Canadian Phytopathological Society is the under the supervision of Dr. Yangdou Wei host society for this prestigious meeting in the Department of Biology. David’s which will be held in Saskatoon from June research objectives include work on 10-14, 2007. Dr. Bailey informed the transcriptional responses of powdery audience of some of the many exciting mildew-infected wheat, and powdery sessions that are already being planned mildew nutrition and host infection- and encouraged all to mark these dates related carbon partitioning on their calendars. CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 86 Prior to adjournment, Coreen Franke Research Centre. Twenty registered announced that she would be retiring as participants from government, university, Regional Representative after five and industry heard 13 oral presentations enjoyable years, and that the job would be dealing with host-pathogen interactions, now left in the very capable hands of Dr. pathogen detection and disease diagnosis Godfrey Chongo. Congratulations, and management. Our keynote speaker, Godfrey! Agnes Murphy from AAFC in Fredericton, started the meeting off on an excellent And finally, as has become tradition at the note with a presentation entitled: “Plant Saskatchewan CPS meetings, a number of pathology and potato breeding: participants met for a superb meal and interlaced disciplines”. affable conversation at the Saskatoon Asian Restaurant, after which all went home full Following the meeting, attendees had and happy. dinner at the ‘Blue Door’ in Fredericton and awards were presented to the keynote speaker and graduate students. Three Coreen Franke graduate student awards were presented. Saskatchewan Regional Representative The 1st place award went to William (Billy) MacDonald, a Masters student at the University of Prince Edward Island, for his presentation entitled “Suppression of 2005 Maritime Region CPS Meeting, potato (Solanum tuberosum) early blight Fredericton, New Brunswick (in vivo) and germination of Alternaria spp. conidia (in vitro) with strobilurin Members of the CPS from the Maritime fungicides”. Billy is supervised by Robert Region came together in Fredericton, New Coffin (Cavendish Farms), Chris Lacroix Brunswick with other colleagues to share (University of PEI), and Rick Peters in discussions of current research and (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, fellowship. The meeting was held on Charlottetown). The 2nd place award went December 1, 2005 at the AAFC Potato to Paul Young, an Honours student at the University of Prince Edward Island, for his presentation entitled “The sensitivity to William (Billy) MacDonald (M.Sc., University of Prince Edward Island) Keynote speaker Agnes receives the 1st place student Murphy. presentation award from Claudia Goyer (AAFC, Fredericton). CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 87 mefenoxam of Canadian strains of Phytophthora erythroseptica, causal agent of potato pink rot, and their interactions with P. infestans in tubers”. Paul is supervised by Larry Hale (University of PEI), and Rick Peters and Bud Platt (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Charlottetown). The 3rd place award went to Natasha Robinson, a Masters student at the University of Prince Edward Island, for her presentation entitled “Host-pathogen interactions of various combinations of Verticillium species inoculum in potato”. Natahsa Natasha Robinson (M.Sc., University of was supervised by Larry Hale (University Prince Edward Island) receives the 3rd of PEI) and Bud Platt (Agriculture and place student presentation award from Agri-Food Canada, Charlottetown). Claudia Goyer (AAFC, Fredericton). Special thanks to the CPS for financial contributions. Also, many thanks go to Xianzhou Nie (AAFC, Fredericton) for organizing and hosting the meeting. We WESTERN COMMITTEE ON PLANT also thank Gordon Braun (AAFC, DISEASE, 30TH ANNUAL MEETING Kentville) and Claudia Goyer (AAFC, Fredericton) for judging the graduate The Western Committee on Plant Disease student competition. We look forward to (WCPD) as part of the Western Forum on the 2006 Maritime Region meeting to be Pest Management (WFPM) held its 30th held in Kentville, Nova Scotia hosted by Annual Meeting on November 7, 2005 in Gordon Braun (AAFC, Kentville). Canmore, Alberta. A successful one-day meeting was held with the participation of Respectfully submitted, 50 pathologists and personnel interested Rick Peters, CPS Maritime Region Rep. in plant disease research and management from the four western provincial governments, the federal government, government agencies, representatives of the agriculture industries, product development and sales, and some participants from eastern Canada. Presentations from government agencies: Dr. Habib Quayyum, Fungicide Section, Pest Management Regulatory Agency, presented updates on fungicide emergency registrations, new registrations, and the risk reduction program with biopesticides. Brian Rex, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Paul Young (Honours, University of provided updates on Blue berry scorch Prince Edward Island) receives the 2nd virus, Plum pox virus, soybean rust, place student presentation award from sudden oak death, chrysanthemum white Claudia Goyer (AAFC, Fredericton). rust, and the nematode Ditylenchus dipsaci CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 88 and field pea shipments to India. Dr Tim (Verticillium, Colletotrichum and Fusarium) in MacDonald, AAFC, Pest Management Manitoba. (7) Anthracnose in peas Centre, Ottawa, presented an overview of (Colletotrichum pisi) in Manitoba, and the Pest Risk Reduction Program, a joint Ascochyta blight in Saskatchewan. (8) effort of AAFC and the PMRA of Health Chickpea ascochyta blight in Canada. Saskatchewan. (9) Bacterial halo blight on green bean crops in Alberta. (10) Representatives of the pesticide Downy mildew and botrytis neck rot of industry: Scott MacDonald of BASF onion in Manitoba. presented an overview on the new fungicide Pristine and the bioregulator The WCPD Executive for 2006 is: Khalid Apogee for fire blight reduction. Rashid (Chair), Penny Pearse (Vice-Chair), Robert Spencer (Secretary / Treasurer), Special topics session: Three Mardi Desjardins and Tracy Shinners- presentations emphasized some current Carnelley (Guidelines Editors), Rhonda disease management issues: “Club root of Kurtz (Slide Set Editor). canola in Alberta” by Murray Hartman. AAFRD. “Research on Club root diseases Presented by Khalid Rashid (Chairman, in vegetable crops” by Dr. Mary Ruth WCPD). McDonald, University of Guelph. “Microbial Biofilms in plant diseases” by Dr. Michael Harding, MBEC, Calgary, Alberta. Disease Reports and Chapter updates: Announcements The regular business of the WCPD took place with reports from the website editor, the slide set editor, the Disease Guideline 2006 Membership Renewal editors; and reports on the CPS publications and major plant pathology Membership fees for 2006 are due by meetings in 2005. The Chairs/Alternates January 31, 2006. of the 13 Chapters reported on the disease situations of the various plant species Membership renewal forms were mailed to listed in each chapter, on research all CPS members in mid November. The updates, the future needs for disease forms may also be found on the CPS management, and the changes proposed website at: http://www.cps-scp.ca/ for each chapter. membershipapplication.htm. Diseases of significant incidence and Please return your membership dues severity in 2005: (1) Wheat leaf rust and promptly to ensure that you receive your oat crown rust in Manitoba and newsletters and journals on time, and to Saskatchewan. Fusarium head blight avoid paying the late fee. Prompt especially in winter wheat in Manitoba. renewals also make life much easier for Cochliobolus leaf spots in barley in your membership secretary and treasurer! Manitoba. (2) Stripe rust in wheat and barley in Alberta. (3) Blackleg in canola in Emeritus members who do not require the western Canada. (4) Pasmo in flax in journal are reminded that they must Manitoba and Saskatchewan. (5) Downy contact the membership secretary mildew and Verticillium wilt in sunflower annually to maintain membership and in Manitoba. (6) Early dying of potatoes continue to receive the newsletter. You may do so by sending in a membership CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 89 form, or by contacting the membership Early volumes of Canadian Journal of secretary by phone, email or fax with your Plant Pathology (CJPP) are now available current mailing address, and any other on-line changes for the membership directory. CPS-SCP is pleased to announce that Gayle Jesperson Volumes 1-27 (1979-2005) of the Canadian CPS Membership Secretary Journal of Plant Pathology (CJPP) are now c/o BC Ministry of Agriculture & Lands available on-line. 200-1690 Powick Rd. Kelowna BC V1X 7G5 Volumes 1 to 22 were recently scanned by Email: Gayle.Jesperson@gov.bc.ca Heather Martin and colleagues at the E- Learning Operations, University of Guelph Library. Back issues of the CJPP were made available by Greg J. Boland, Dept. of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, from the archives of the CJPP that are maintained at the University of Course Announcement: Guelph. Heather and colleagues scanned, and prepared the digital files into PDF Introduction to Food- and Air-Borne files of individual articles. These files Fungi. 12-16 June 2006, Ottawa, were then posted to the CPS-SCP website Canada. by Lakdhar Lamari, Website Editor, Dept. of Plant Science, University of Manitoba, More than 100 mould and yeast species and linked to the Tables of Contents in common in indoor air and on food will be the CPS-SCP website. Access to Volumes examined, including important species of 1 to 22 is free to all internet users. Penicillium, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Trichoderma, Stachybotrys, Cladosporium, The advantages of this format are that the Mucor, Rhizopus, Alternaria and titles and authors in the Tables of Scopulariopsis. This 5 day course is Contents pages (presented as html text) appropriate for those interested in food are searchable using most internet search spoilage, indoor air quality, industrial engines and the search function of the hygiene, mycotoxins, pharmaceuticals, CPS-SCP website, and the pdf files provide biodeterioration, etc. a good compromise between file size and legibility of scanned text and images. Instructors: Robert A. Samson and Jos Another advantage of this format is that Houbraken, Centraalbureau voor the amount of space currently devoted to Schimmelcultures. Keith A. Seifert and storage of the archives of CJPP (e.g. see John Bissett, Agriculture and Agri-Food background of photo) can now be reduced Canada. by up to 75%. The disadvantage of this format is that individual articles are not For more information, please contact: searchable in the PDF format. Keith A. Seifert, Biodiversity Theme To access all CJPP articles on-line, visit (Mycology & Botany), Eastern Cereal and the Publications page of the CPS-SCP Oilseed Research Centre, 960 Carling website, and click on Table of Contents Ave., Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, (http://www.cps-cp.ca/journallinks.htm). Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0C6 CANADA. Phone: Volumes 1 to 22 in this Table are linked to 613-759-1378. Fax: 613-759-1701. Email: the scanned PDF files of previously firstname.lastname@example.org or visit the course web site at http://www.indoormold.org. CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 90 published issues of CJPP that are posted on the CPS-SCP website server. Volumes 23-27 link to the NRC Press server at CHECK YOUR LIBRARY HOLDINGS http://pubs.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/tcjpp/ plant.html where access to individual pdf Proceedings of the Canadian Phytopathological Society was published from the Society’s inception in 1929 until 1979 when Can. J. Plant Pathol./Rev. can de phytopathol. started. There were only 46 volumes published because CPS sometimes held no annual meeting during the Second World War. Lloyd Seaman has spare copies of many of these volumes, including some of the earliest. Check your library’s and personal collections of this historically important publication to see if they are complete. If not, send Lloyd an email (email@example.com) telling him what you would like to help complete the collection and he will send you anything available. Heather Martin (left), Manager of E- Learning Operations, University of Guelph Library, and Greg J. Boland (right), Professor, University of Guelph, stand in front of the archives of the Submission Deadline for the March issue Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. of CPS - SCP News Heather is holding a CD that contains PDF files of Volumes 1 to 22 of the journal that were digitized and posted to PLEASE NOTE: The submission deadline the CPS-SCP website in 2005. for the March issue of CPS - SCP News is February 8, 2006. Please have your reports and submissions to the Editor by articles is restricted to Society members this date. If you send photographs for and subscribers. publication in the CPS-SCP News please ensure that you indicate that all CPS-SCP extends a heart-felt thank you to individuals appearing in the photographs Heather Martin and her colleagues at the have given permission for their Library, who volunteered to help the photographs to appear in the newsletter. Society with this task. Photographs will not be published if permission has not been obtained from the individuals involved. Greg J. Boland CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 91 Book Review the summers as an undergraduate he worked for the BC Forest Service, sparking his interest in forestry. He Don’s Story, Compiled by Jean Kirstine graduated in 1941 with a B.A. in Botany, Adam Buckland Griffith, 161 pages, and taking a 1-year Forest option at UBC, 2005 which gave him a BSF degree in 1942, (An “e-book” available for download from followed this. In the fall of 1942 he was http://www.dbuckland.com/donbook/) off to Yale University, where he completed a Master of Forestry (MF) in 1944 and his Probably the younger members of the Ph.D. in Forest Pathology in 1945. During Candian Phytopathological Society will not the summer months during his graduate recognize the name of Donald Channing work, he worked at the Buckland (1917-1956) but I Forest Pathology Laboratory, recommend this recent book Victoria, BC. May 1945 for its historical importance. marked two important Don was active in the Society events - his marriage to from 1945-1956 and served as Kirstine Adam and Chair of the subcommittee of beginning a full-time Forest Pathology from 1950- research position at the 1956. I first met him in 1950 Forest Pathology Laboratory. when I joined the CPS and the In 1947 he was appointed BC Regional group. Don Officer-in-Charge of the attended the regional laboratory. He left that job meetings regularly and, in 1948 to accept a teaching despite his relatively short position at UBC in the professional life, he became Department of Forestry. one of the most distinguished After losing his sight, UBC young members until his assured him of his continuing tenure and, untimely death. He developed juvenile with his wife’s help, his lectures were all diabetes at the age of 10 and lost his sight assembled from his notes and then taped to diabetic retinopathy five years before and memorized. his death. Don Buckland served as an example of Although it is nearly 50 years since Don courage and determination to all his Buckland’s death, his children have colleagues and friends. Although he was encouraged their mother Kirstine to in delicate health for several years, his assemble her many recollections and keen inquiring mind and his cheerful records about this courageous and mental outlook compensated for his remarkable man. During the writing of affliction. Don’s Story, the book evolved into a family saga and, in spite of the title of the book, Reviewed by Richard Stace-Smith. it includes much about the life of his wife and his young family both before and after the five decades since Don’s death. Don was born in New Zealand and came to Vancouver at the age of two. After finishing high school in New Westminster he entered UBC, enrolling in the Department of Biology and Botany. During CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 92 People and Travel In early August 2005 Dr. Md. Aminul Islam joined Rona Sturrock’s research program at the Pacific Forestry Centre Henry Huang of AAFC-Lethbridge (PFC) in Victoria, BC. Dr. Islam originates Research Centre was invited to attend the from Bangladesh where he completed an International Symposium on Agricultural M.Sc. in Botany. This was followed by Biotechnology, August 25-29, 2005, completion of a second M.Sc. at the Xiamen, China. He delivered a keynote University of Edinburgh, Scotland. In late speech entitled “Trends and Progress in 2004 Aminul completed his PhD at the Agricultural Biotechnology”, at the Plenary University of Hannover, Germany. As an Session. NSERC Visiting Fellow at the PFC Dr. Islam will be working to enhance Also, he was invited to visit Pengzhou, understanding of interactions between Sichuan, to see diseases of vegetable Douglas-fir and the root rot pathogen crops, a CIDA Small Farm Project in Phellinus sulphurascens (formerly P. weirii). China. He presented a seminar entitled “Non-chemical methods for management of soilborne diseases of field crops” at the Symposium on Soilborne Diseases of Crops, Pengzhou, Sichuan, September 1, 2005 and at the Institute of Plant Protection, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu, Sichuan, September 6, 2005. Dr. Dilantha Fernando, Department of Plant Science, University of Manitoba, was conferred the title of Honored Professor during his visit to the Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, and Inner Mongolia Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Huhhot, Inner Mongolia, P.R. China from August 7-21, 2005. Dilantha conducted a workshop on Sclerotinia disease management in sunflower in Linhe City, and gave lectures at the University and at the Agriculture Academy. Dilantha’s trip was sponsored and paid for by the Government of P.R. China under the International Research Partnership Program. Dilantha will also be a co- supervisor to a PhD candidate working on Dr. Aminul Islam inspecting Douglas-fir Sclerotinia in China. and P. sulphurascens inoculum units. CPS-SCP News 49 (4) - 93 Employment Environmental Science whose research program falls within the interest of the candidate; Postdoctoral Fellowship in Sustainable - The candidate’s curriculum vitae Agriculture – 2006 including an e-mail address; Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental - Names and e-mail addresses of two Sciences, Macdonald Campus, McGill individuals who have agreed to provide University, 21,111 Lakeshore, Ste. Anne letters of reference; de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada H9X 3V9 - Two letters of reference, sent directly by the referees; Description: Applications are now being - University-level transcripts. These may accepted for a 2-year fellowship, valued at be official transcripts sent directly by the CDN$35,000 per year, tenable in the university or universities, or unofficial Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental transcripts sent by the candidate. Sciences, Macdonald Campus, McGill University. The successful candidate will All application materials should be conduct postdoctoral research in the area submitted to: of sustainable agriculture under the Scholarships Committee, c/o T. Bird supervision of a professor in the Faculty’s Student Affairs Office, Laird Hall, Room academic units, which include 106 Macdonald Campus of McGill Agricultural Economics, Animal Science, University 21,111 Lakeshore Road Ste. Biosystems Engineering, Dietetics and Anne de Bellevue, Quebec H9X 3V9 Human Nutrition, Food Science and E-mail address: Toni.Bird@mcgill.ca Agricultural Chemistry, Natural Resource Fax number: 514-398-7968. Sciences, Parasitology and Plant Science. For more information on the Faculty and its research activities, please visit our website www.mcgill.ca/macdonald/units. Contact the Editors Eligibility: Candidates must have completed their PhD within three years prior to commencement of the award. Kelly Turkington, Editor Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada/Agricul- Deadline: Wednesday, February 1, 2006. ture et Agroalimentaire Canada The award will be available as soon as a AAFC - Lacombe Research Centre/AAC - successful candidate is selected, with the Centre de recherches de Lacombe exact start date to be negotiated with the 6000 C&E Trail/6000 C&E Trail candidate. The following application Lacombe, Alberta/Lacombe (Alberta) materials are required and may be T4L 1W1 submitted by electronic mail, by fax or by Telephone/Téléphone: 403-782-8138 postal mail to meet the deadline: Facsimile/Télécopieur: 403-782-6120 - A letter of application from the firstname.lastname@example.org candidate, including a statement of research interests for the period of the Jim Menzies, Associate Editor fellowship (maximum 2 pages) and an Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada/Agricul- indication of when he/she expects to be ture et Agroalimentaire Canada available to take up the award if 195 Dafoe Road/195 Dafoe Road successful. This letter should briefly Winnipeg, Manitoba/ Winnipeg (Manitoba) outline the facilities required to R3T 2M9 undertake the research and the names Telephone/Téléphone: 204-983-5714 of one or two suitable supervisors in the Facsimile/Télécopieur: 204-983-4604 Faculty of Agricultural and email@example.com
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