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                                         BRAIN TREE

                      15th January, 2010 to 15th February, 2010

1. National Security Adviser M.K. Narayanan has been appointed Governor of West Bengal. The
   former Union Home Minister, Shivraj Patel, was appointed Governor of Punjab as well as
   Administrator of the Union Territory of Chandigarh.
2. Supreme Court Judge Mr.V.S. Sirpurkar will head a three – member committee that will
   investigate the grounds for impeachment of Karnataka Chief Justice P.D. Dinakaran whose
   removal from office has been sought jointly by 75 opposition members in the Rajya Sabha on
   corruption and land-grabbing charges.
    Justice A.R. Dave, Chief Justice of the Andhra Pradesh High Court and eminent jurist P.P. Rao
       are the other members of the panel constituted by Rajya Sabha Chairman.
    The last such inquiry panel set up was in March 2009 for the removal of Justice Soumitra Sen
       of the Calcutta High Court.
3. The USS Independence is the U.S. Navy‟s first „Trimaran Warship’ and the latest in its
   ‘Littord Combat Ship (LCS)’ Class-fast, highly maneuverable vessels capable of tackling a
   variety of missions in coastal waters.
4. The millennium‟s longest annular solar eclipse covered a swathe of 1000 km. The sun was
   eclipsed for 11 minutes and eight seconds.
    A similar event of a smaller duration is expected to occur in 2019 which will visible in Tamil
       Nadu and Karnataka.
    A similar eclipse of this intensity will next occur in only 3043.
5. The Government of Karnataka and Marg Limited signed an agreement to set up a special
   purpose vehicle for constructing the Greenfield Byapur airport         under a Public-Private-
   Partnership at a cost of Rs. 260 crore.

                                 PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP)
     Public-Private Partnership (PPP) describes a government service or private business venture
     which is funded and operated through a partnership of government and one or more private sector
     companies. These schemes are sometimes referred to as PPP or P3.
     In some types of PPP, the government uses tax revenue to provide capital for investment, with
     operations run jointly with the private sector or under contract (see contracting out). In other types
     (notably the Private Finance Initiative), capital investment is made by the private sector on the
     strength of a contract with government to provide agreed services. Government contributions to a
     PPP may also be in kind (notably the transfer of existing assets).
     Typically, a private sector consortium forms a special company called a "Special Purpose Vehicle"
     (SPV) to build and maintain the asset. The consortium is usually made up of a building contractor, a
     maintenance company and a bank lender. It is the SPV that signs the contract with the government
     and with subcontractors to build the facility and then maintain it. A typical PPP example would be a
     hospital building financed and constructed by a private developer and then leased to the hospital
     authority. The private developer then acts as landlord, providing housekeeping and other non
     medical services while the hospital itself provides medical services.
6. India and Britain have signed Seven „Memoranda of Understanding‟ as part of a £20 million
   UK–India Education Research Initiative ( UKIERI) launched in 2006 to strengthen educational
   links between the two countries by encouraging long-term research collaboration.

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                                         BRAIN TREE
                              15th January, 2010 to 15th February, 2010
7. The Ministry of shipping has nominated the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), the Goa-
    based constituent laboratory of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research ( CSIR), to carry
    out the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for a new alignment of the Sethusamudram
    Channel between the Southern tip of India and the northern tip of Sri Lanka.
     The expert committee - chaired by Dr. R.K. Pachauri – established by the Supreme Court to
         advise on the alignment recommended the National Institute of Oceanography for this task.
8. Ian Rankin is the best – selling writer of Crime fiction in the United Kingdom, accounting for
    10% of all its crime book sales. The Edinburgh- based Scottish writer is best known for his 17-
    novel series featuring Inspector Rebus which has been translated into 22 languages.
9. Mr. Rajapaksa was re-elected as Sri Lankan President for a second term. It was officially
    declared by the Election Commissioner, Dayananda Dissanayake.
10. APPLE CEO Steve Jobs unveiled the „ipad‟, a tablet-style computer that resembles the
    „iphone‟, but is larger.
11. The brightest and biggest full moon of 2010 was seen on the night of Jan 30, 2010. It was around
    15% bigger and 30% brighter than other full moons during the year.
12. In a move to contain rising inflation, the RBI hiked the Cash Reserve Ratio ( the portion of
    deposits that commercial banks are required to keep with the central bank) from 5% to 5.75%.
    As a result of this CRR increase, about Rs. 36,000 crore of excess liquidity will be absorbed
    from the system.
13. Serena Williams won the Australian Open title for the fifth time, overthrowing Justine Henin.
    This victory helped Serena (American) equal Billie Jean Kings mark of 12 Grand Slam singles
14. Historian of America, Howard Zinn who helped inspire the civil rights movement is no more.
15. The Election Commission enters 60th Year of its existence. It has overseen 15 General Elections
    and is now a three member body.
16. According to the 2010 „Environmental Performance Index‟, India ranks 123rd. Iceland leads the
    world in addressing pollution control and natural resource management challenges, (China ranks
    -121; India ranks -123; Brazil ranks -62 and Russia ranks-69). The EPI is produced by a team of
    environment experts at Yale University Columbia University.
17. The CCEA approved the National Tobacco Control Programme to facilitate the implementation of
    tobacco control laws and to bring about greater awareness of tobaccos harmful effects.
18. Legendary Cinematographer V.K. Murthy has been chosen for the 2008 Dada Saheb Phalke
    Award. The other important recipients were :
    Devika Rani (1969 – First recipient ); B.N. Reddy (1974 ); L.B. Prasad (1982); Rajkapur (1987);
    Latamangeshkar (1989); Asha Bhonsle (2000); Manna Dey (2008).
19. A.R. Rahman bags two Grammy awards for the song „Jai Ho‟ and outstanding soundtrack for the
    film „Slumdog Millionaire‟.
20. World No.1 Roger Federer won his fourth Australian Open Crown over Britain‟s Andy Murray
    in Melbourne. This was his 16th Grand Slam Title. Federer also became the fifth man to win four
    or more Australian Open titles, joining Roy Emerson and Jack Crawford, Ken Rosewall and Andre
21. Leander Paes equaled the record for most number of Grand Slam triumphs by an Indian as the
    Veteran and his Zimbabwean partner Cara Black clinched the Australian Open mixed doubles
    Championship with a straight set win at Melbourne.

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                                         BRAIN TREE
                              15th January, 2010 to 15th February, 2010

22. February 2nd is „World Wetlands Day‟. It marks the date of the signing of the convention on
    wetlands on Feb 2, 1971, in the Iranian City of Ramsar.
     Wetlands are areas of marsh, Zen, Peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or
     temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of
     marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six metres.
                                          TYPES OF WETLANDS
     Marshes/ Swamps Water is more or less permanently on the surface and or causing,
                         saturation of the soil. ( e.g., payrus swamp, fen, peatlands )
     Shallow lakes       Permanent or semi-permanent water with little flow ( e.g., ponds, salt lakes,
                         volcanic crater lakes)
     Coasts              Between land and open sea not influenced by rivers (e.g., shorelines,
                         beaches, mangroves and coral reefs).
     Estuaries           Rivers meet the sea and water changes from fresh to salt as it meets the
                         sea ( e.g. deltas, tidal mudflats and salt marches).
     Flood plains        Near permanent course of a river that extends to the edge of the valley.

                                      THREATENED WETLANDS
      Tanoe Swamps Forests (in Ivory Coast ).
      The Ruoergai Marshes ( on the eastern edge of the Tibetan plateau ) are one of the worlds
         largest high altitude peatlands. This regulates the flow of the Yellow River, the Yangtze
         and the Lancang River and in the livelihood. of millions downstream.
      Vembanad Kayal in Kerala is a brackish water system. The wetland system is within a
         large urban and industrial area in Kerala.
      The Jhelum is the lifeline of Kashmir. E.g., Dal lake.
      Wular lake : part of Jhelum basin, Kashmir
      Loktak lake : the largest wetland of northeastern region of India, was traditionally used for
         agriculture and fishing and the locals managed its rich biodiversity including highly
         endangered ungulate species, locally called Sangai.
      Chilka Lake : Less water is now flowing into the lagoon, causing saltwater to intrude
         and the lagoon mouth to choke.
23. Amnesty International has appointed Salil Shetty, an Indian who headed the U.N. Millennium
    Campaign as its next Secretary General.
24. Haiti, was hit by a fierce earthquake.
         In December 1492, Columbus founded Haiti.
         The eastern half of the island became a Spanish Colony ( Modern Dominican Republic )
            and the western half became French.
         Haiti is located where two tectonic plates ( Caribbean and North American ) meet.
            They slide along each other producing earthquakes every now and then, including the
            recent quake.

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BRAIN TREE, Level-III, 3-6-432, Himayatnagar, Hyderabad - 500 029. Ph: 040 - 27644110 / 66754110 / 9248161505
, / www.
                                         BRAIN TREE
                              15th January, 2010 to 15th February, 2010

25. Volvo Auto India launched the new four Wheeler, „S80‟. „Volvo is head quartered in Sweden‟.
    Paul De Voijs, is the Managing Director of the Company.
26. Hannover Messe 2010 is a an annual event showcasing nine leading trade shows this year at a
    single venue in Germany from April 19 to 23. It is organized by Deutsche Messe.
27. Bharat Asmita award instituted by the Maharashtra Institute of Technology was given to
28. Justice B.N. Sri Krishna heads five – member committee on Telangana issue. The other
    members are : a) Ranbir Singh : National Law University. b) Abu Saleh Shariff, International
    Food Policy Research Institute. c) Dr. (Ms.) Ravinder Kaur, IIT Delhi. d) Vinod K. Duggal, former
    Home Secretary will also function as its Member Secretary. Mr. Duggal is also a member of the
    Justice Punchhi Commission on Centre-State relations.
29. Russian director Alexander Gutman’s - „17 August’ won the Golden Conch for the Best
    Documentary while „The Spell’, directed by Umesh Kulkarni was adjudged the best fiction film
    at the 11th Mumbai International Film Festival of Documentary, Animation and short films.
30. The Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) on Chandrayan-1, which famously discovered the presence
    of water and hydroxyl molecules on the lunar surface material last year, has now identified a
    new lunar rock type on the far side of the moon. The M-3 IS A NASA instrument. The rock-type
    is dominated by a mineral termed as “magnesium spinel”. Spinel is a generic name given to a
    class of minerals having the chemical formula AB204 and the usual spinel formations found in
    lunar rocks is an iron-magnesium admixture of the form (Mg, Fe) (Al, Cr)2 O4. These rocks are
    usually found along with magnesium – iron silicate ( olivine) and calcium – rich aluminium silicate
    ( pyroxene).
31. The Netherlands was the first country to legalise euthanasia and assisted suicide in 2002.
     Belgium, Luxemburg, Switzerland and Thailand joined this select group.
     Physician – assisted suicide, wherein a medical doctor provides patients with the means to kill
        themselves and enables patients to administer lethal injections themselves is legal only in the
        state of Oregon in the US., where the Death with Dignity Act 1997 was passed.
32. India’s ultimate ballistic missile – nuclear – capable Agni-5 that can hit an enemy target 5000
    km away will be ready for its maiden flight next year.
     The strategic missile, which once developed could hit objects deep inside China. The three
        stage missile will be slightly longer and heavier than the 3500 km range Agni-3.
     Angi-5 would be India‟s answer to China‟s Dong Feng-31 and DF-41 which could strike at a
        distance of 6000 to 8000 km.
33. Dr. K.N. Raj, who was an Economic Adviser to many Prime Ministers of India, passed away. He
    had set the pace of India‟s economic growth story from the first five year plan.

    The information presented above has been collected from a variety of sources.          Brain Tree
    exercises due care and caution in collecting the data before publication. Inspite of this, if any
    omission, inaccuracy or printing errors occur with regard to the data, Brain Tree will not be held
    responsible or liable.

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