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Plymouth, Massachusetts

Plymouth, Massachusetts
Town of Plymouth Incorporated Government [2] - Type - Town Manager Area - Total - Land - Water Elevation [3]
Town Square in 1910

1620[1] Representative town meeting Melissa Arrighi (Acting)

134.0 sq mi (347.0 km2) 96.5 sq mi (249.8 km2) 37.5 sq mi (97.2 km2) 187 ft (57 m) 55,188 536.0/sq mi (207.0/km2) Eastern (UTC-5) Eastern (UTC-4) 02360 02361 02362 02345 02381 508 / 774 25-54310 0618349 www.plymouth-ma.gov

Population (2007)[4] - Total - Density Time zone - Summer (DST)

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Plymouth (historically known as Plimouth and Plimoth) is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. It is the Seal largest municipality in Massachusetts by Nickname(s): America’s Hometown area.[5] The population was 51,701 at the 2000 census, with an estimated 2008 population of 58,681.[6] Plymouth is one of two county seats of Plymouth County, the other being Brockton.[7] It is named after Plymouth, Devon, England, which is, in turn, named after its location at mouth of the River Plym.[8] Plymouth is best known for being the landing site of the Mayflower and the Pilgrims. Founded in 1620, Plymouth is the oldest municipality in New England and one of the oldLocation in Plymouth County in Massachusetts est in the United States.[9] It also is the oldCoordinates: 41°57′30″N 70°40′04″W / 41.95833°N est continually inhabited English settlement 70.66778°W / 41.95833; -70.66778Coordinates: 41°57′30″N modern United States. The town has in the 70°40′04″W / 41.95833°N 70.66778°W / 41.95833; -70.66778 served as the location of several prominent United States Country events, the most notable being the First Massachusetts State Thanksgiving feast.[10] Plymouth served as Plymouth County the capital of Plymouth Colony from its
Settled 1620

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founding in 1620 until the colony’s dissolution in 1691.[11] Plymouth is located approximately 40 miles (64 km) south of Boston in a region of Massachusetts known as the South Shore. Throughout the 19th century, the town thrived as a center of ropemaking, fishing, and shipping, and once held the world’s largest ropemaking company, the Plymouth Cordage Company. While it continues to be an active port, today the major industry of Plymouth is tourism.[12] Plymouth is served by Plymouth Municipal Airport, and contains Pilgrim Hall Museum, the oldest continually operating museum in the United States. As one of the country’s first settlements, Plymouth is well-known in the United States for its historical value. The events surrounding the history of Plymouth have become part of the mythology of the United States, particularly those relating to Plymouth Rock, the Pilgrims and the First Thanksgiving.

Plymouth, Massachusetts

"The Landing of the Pilgrims."(1877) by Henry A. Bacon. The Pilgrims are traditionally said to have landed at Plymouth Rock. landing site of the first voyage of the Mayflower, and the location of the original settlement of the Plymouth Colony. Plymouth was established in 1620 by Anglicans and English separatists who had broken away from the Church of England, believing that the Church had not completed the work of the Protestant Reformation. Today, these settlers are much better known as "Pilgrims," a term coined by William Bradford.[18] The Mayflower first anchored in what would become the harbor of Provincetown, Massachusetts on November 11, 1620. The ship was headed for Virginia, but eventually reached New England.[19] There are varying theories as to how this happened. They include: violent storms threw the ship off course;[19] a navigation error; the Dutch bribed the captain to sail north so the Pilgrims would not settle near New Amsterdam; and the Pilgrims on the Mayflower, who comprised only 35 of the 102 settlers aboard the Mayflower, hijacked the ship to land far from Anglican control. The Pilgrim settlers, realizing that the party did not have a patent to settle in the region, subsequently signed the Mayflower Compact.[20] The Pilgrims went on to explore various parts of Cape Cod, but soon a storm and violent skirmishes with local Native Americans forced the migrants to sail westward into Cape Cod Bay. The Pilgrims eventually came across the sheltered waters of Plymouth Harbor on December 17. The appealing protected bay led to a site in the present-day Harbor District being chosen for the new settlement after three days of surveying. The settlers officially disembarked on December 21, 1620. It is traditionally said that the Pilgrims first set foot in America at

History
Pre-colonial era
Prior to the arrival of the Pilgrims, the location of Plymouth was a village of 2,000 Wampanoag Native Americans called Patuxet.[13] This region that would become Plymouth was visited twice by European explorers prior to the establishment of Plymouth Colony. In 1605, Samuel de Champlain sailed to Plymouth Harbor, calling it Port St. Louis.[14] In 1614, Captain John Smith, a leader of the Jamestown settlement, explored parts of Cape Cod Bay; he is credited with naming the region which would become the future Plymouth Colony as "New Plimouth."[15] After these explorations, two plagues afflicted coastal New England in 1614 and 1617. Likely transmitted from British and French fishermen to natives on the shore, it killed between 90 and 95% of the local Wampanoag inhabitants.[16] The near disappearance of the tribe from the site not only left their cornfields and other cleared areas for the soon-to-arrive Pilgrims to occupy, but also meant that the Indians were in no condition to resist the arrival of the colonists.[17]

Colonial era
Plymouth has played an important role in American colonial history. It was the final

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the site of Plymouth Rock, though no historical evidence can prove this claim.[21] The settlers named their settlement "Plimouth" (also historically known as "Plimoth", an old English spelling of the name) after the major port city in Devon, England from which the Mayflower sailed.

Plymouth, Massachusetts
escaped slavery and returned home in 1619. Teaching the colonists how to farm corn, where and how to catch fish, and how to make other necessary items, he was instrumental in the survival of the settlement for the first two years. Squanto and another guide sent by Massasoit in 1621, Hobomok, helped the colonists set up trading posts for furs and pay off the cost of establishing the colony.[23] Chief Massasoit later formed a Peace Treaty with the Pilgrims. Upon growing a plentiful harvest in the fall of 1621, the Pilgrims gathered with Squanto, Samoset, Massasoit, and ninety other Wampanoag men in a celebration of food and feasting. This celebration is known today as the First Thanksgiving, and is still commemorated annually in downtown Plymouth with a parade and a reenactment. Since 1941, Thanksgiving has been observed as a federal holiday in the United States.[24][25] Plymouth served as the capital of Plymouth Colony (which consisted of modernday Barnstable, Bristol, and Plymouth Counties) from its founding in 1620 until 1691, when the colony was annexed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony.[11] Plymouth holds the unique distinction of being the first permanent settlement in New England, and one of the oldest settlements in the United States.[9][26]

The First Thanksgiving, painted by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863-1930). The First Thanksgiving took place in Plymouth in 1621. Plymouth faced many difficulties during its first winter, the most notable being the risk of starvation and the lack of suitable shelter. From the beginning, the assistance of Indians was vital. One colonist’s journal reports: We marched to the place we called Cornhill, where we had found the corn before. At another place we had seen before, we dug and found some more corn, two or three baskets full, and a bag of beans....In all we had about ten bushels, which will be enough for seed. It is with God’s help that we found this corn, for how else could we have done it, without meeting some Indians who might trouble us.[22] Along with ransacking the food stores of Indians, the colonists also raided the houses of the few Indians who had survived the plague, as well as robbing Indian graves.[22] Even greater assistance came from Samoset and Tisquantum (better known as Squanto), an Indian sent by Wampanoag Tribe Chief Massasoit, as an ambassador and technical adviser. Squanto had been kidnapped in 1614 by an English slave raider and sold in Malaga, Spain. Having learned English, he

19th century

Cordage Commerce Center, North Plymouth In the 1800s, Plymouth remained a relatively isolated seacoast town whose livelihood depended on fishing and shipping.[27] The town eventually became a regional center of shipbuilding and fishing. Its principal industry was the Plymouth Cordage Company, which became the world’s largest manufacturer of

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rope and cordage products. The company was founded in 1824.[28] At one point, the longest ropewalk in the world, a quarter-mile (0.4 km) in length, was found on the Cordage Company’s site on the North Plymouth waterfront. It thrived into the 1960s, but was forced out of business in 1964 due to competition from synthetic-fiber ropes.[29] The refurbished factory, known as Cordage Commerce Center, is home to numerous offices, restaurants and stores.[30]

Plymouth, Massachusetts
has a total area of 134.0 sq mi (347 km2): 96.5 sq mi (250 km2) of it is land, and 37.5 sq mi (97 km2) of it (28%) is water. Plymouth is geologically part of Cape Cod, but the 1914 completion of the Cape Cod Canal separated it from the rest of the Cape’s towns. With the largest land area of any municipality in Massachusetts, Plymouth consists of several neighborhoods and geographical sections. Larger localities in the town include Plymouth Center, North, West and South Plymouth, Manomet, Cedarville, and Saquish Neck. Plymouth makes up the entire western shore of Cape Cod Bay. Landwise, it is bordered by Bourne to the southeast, Wareham to the southwest, Carver to the west, and Kingston to the north. It also shares a small border with Duxbury at the land entrance of Saquish Neck.[33] Plymouth’s border with Bourne makes up most of the line between Plymouth and Barnstable counties. The town is located roughly 44 miles (71 km) southeast of Boston (it is almost exactly 40 miles (64 km) from Plymouth Rock to the Massachusetts State House) and equidistantly east of Providence, Rhode Island.[34]

Modern history
In the last 30 years, Plymouth has experienced rapid growth and development. As in many South Shore towns, Plymouth became more accessible to Boston in the early 1970s with improved railroads, highways, and bus routes. Furthermore, the town’s inexpensive land costs and low tax rates caused the population to explode. Plymouth’s population mushroomed from 18,606 residents in 1970 to 45,608 residents in 1990, a 145% increase in only 20 years.[27] The population has continued to expand in recent years. While Plymouth has already surpassed several Massachusetts cities in population, the town is still officially regarded as a town, as it has not been re-chartered as a city. Nevertheless, Plymouth has emerged as a major economic and tourist center of the South Shore.

Geography
See also: Neighborhoods Massachusetts in Plymouth,

Plymouth Beach, one of Plymouth’s many beaches Plymouth has many distinct geographical features. The town’s Atlantic coast is characterized by low plains, while its western sections are extremely hilly and forested. Plymouth contains several small ponds scattered throughout its western quadrant, the largest being the Great Herring Pond (which is partly in the town of Bourne).[33] A major feature of the town is the Myles Standish State Forest, which is in the southwestern region.[35] Cachalot Scout Reservation, operated by the Cachalot District of the Narragansett Council of the Boy Scouts of

A simulated-color satellite image of the Plymouth Bay region taken on NASA’s Landsat 3 The latitude of Plymouth is 41.95833. The longitude is -70.66778.[31][32] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town

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America, lies adjacent to the state forest lands. There is also a smaller town forest, as well as several parks, recreation areas and beaches. Plymouth has nine public beaches, the largest being Plymouth Beach. Plymouth Beach guards Plymouth Harbor and mostly consists of a three-mile (5 km) long, ecologically significant barrier beach. Clark’s Island, a small island in Plymouth Bay, is the only island in Plymouth. It is off the coast of Saquish Neck and has nine summer houses but no year-round inhabitants.

Plymouth, Massachusetts
Much like the rest of the Northeastern seaboard, Plymouth receives ample amounts of precipitation year-round. On average, summer months receive slightly less precipitation than winter months. Plymouth averages about 49 inches (120 cm) of rainfall a year. Plymouth, like other coastal Massachusetts towns, is very vulnerable to Nor’easter weather systems. The town is sometimes vulnerable to Atlantic hurricanes and tropical storms, which infrequently threaten the Cape Cod region during the early autumn months.

Climate

Demographics
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 2,995 — 1790 3,524 17.7% 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 4,228 4,348 4,758 5,281 6,024 6,272 6,238 7,093 7,314 9,592 12,141 13,045 13,042 13,100 13,608 14,445 18,615 33,060 45,608 51,701 20.0% 2.8% 9.4% 11.0% 14.1% 4.1% −0.5% 13.7% 3.1% 31.1% 26.6% 7.4% 0% 0.4% 3.9% 6.2% 28.9% 77.6% 38.0% 13.4% 12.9%

The First Parish Church in Plymouth is located downtown Plymouth’s climate is humid continental, which is the predominant climate for Massachusetts and New England. Due to its location on the Atlantic Ocean, humidity levels can be very high year-round. Plymouth’s coastal location causes it to experience warmer temperatures than many inland locations in New England.[36] Summers are typically hot and humid, while winters are cold, windy and often snowy. Plymouth’s warmest month is July, with an average high temperature of 82 °F (28 °C) and an average low of 60.3 °F (15.7 °C). The coldest month is January, with an average high temperature of 36.8 °F (2.7 °C) and an average low of 16.2 °F (−8.8 °C).[37]

1960 1970 1980 1990 2000

Est. 2008 58,379

As of the census[39] of 2000, there were 51,701 people, 18,423 households, and 13,264 families residing in the town; by population it is the second–largest town in Massachusetts, after Framingham. It is also the 21st–largest municipality in the state. The population density was 536.0 inhabitants per square mile (207.0 /km2).[40] There are 21,250 housing units, at an average density of 85.1 /km2 (220 /sq mi). The racial makeup of the town was 94.82% White, 1.91% Black

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Plymouth, Massachusetts
$44,983 versus $31,565 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,732. About 4.4% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The Plymouth County Courthouse, located in Plymouth Plymouth is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the First and Twelfth Plymouth Districts. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the Plymouth and Barnstable district, which also includes Bourne, Falmouth, Kingston, Pembroke, Plympton, Sandwich, and part of Barnstable.[43] On the state level, primary but shared patrolling responsibility of the town’s limited access highways falls upon the Seventh (Bourne) Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police.[44] On the national level, Plymouth is a part of Massachusetts’s 10th congressional district, and is currently represented by Bill Delahunt. The state’s senior (Class I) member of the United States Senate, re-elected in 2006, is Ted Kennedy. The junior (Class II) Senator, John Kerry, was reelected in the 2008 election. On the local level, the town uses the representative town meeting form of government, led by a town manager and a board of selectmen.[45] The current acting town manager of Plymouth is Melissa Arrighi.[46] Plymouth has a centralized municipal police force, the Plymouth Police Department.[47] The town also has a professional fire department, with seven firehouses spread around the town.[48] There are also seven post offices for the town’s five ZIP codes, with one in the downtown area, one in North Plymouth, one in Manomet, one in White Horse Beach, one near the Plymouth Municipal Airport, one in the South Pond

The National Monument to the Forefathers or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.68% of the population.[41] There are 18,423 households out of which 36.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 21.7% of all households are made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.67 and the average family size is 3.16. In the town the population is spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $54,677 as of the 2000 census, and the median income for a family was $63,266.[42] Males had a median income of

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neighborhood, and one near the town forest in "The Village Green" shopping area of The Pinehills.[49][50] The town has a public library, with a branch location in Manomet.[51] Both libraries are a part of the Old Colony Library Network, which services 28 libraries throughout the South Shore.[52] Additionally, as a seat of Plymouth County, there are several county facilities located in Plymouth. These include a County farm, the Registry of Deeds, two jails (the Massachusetts Correctional Institution Plymouth and the Plymouth County Correctional Facility) and the County Courthouse.

Plymouth, Massachusetts
consists of two golf courses, a country club, a shopping village, and over 1,000 residential units.[55] When completed in 2010, it is expected to contain 2,877 homes.[56]

Education

Economy

The Pinehills, New England’s largest new residential development. Plymouth is an economic and tourism center of the South Shore. The major industry is tourism, with healthcare, technical and scientific research, real estate, and telecommunications also being primary industries.[12] The largest employer in the town is Jordan Hospital.[12] Plymouth has experienced commercial and industrial success, with the downtown area and North Plymouth each becoming commercial centers and an industrial park opening outside of the town center. A large commercial project titled Colony Place located near the Industrial Park was completed in late 2007. It consists of several large retail stores, various chain restaurants, and contains one of the largest outdoor designer outlet malls in the South Shore.[53] Another large retail development that has recently finished construction off Route 3’s exit 5 is The Shops at 5.[54] The only nuclear power plant in Massachusetts, Pilgrim Nuclear Generating Station, is located in Plymouth. Plymouth has also recently seen the development of several residential projects, the most notable being The Pinehills, which

The Nathaniel Morton Elementary School in Plymouth Center Plymouth operates a large school system, with an enrollment over 8,000 students. The Plymouth School District is one of the largest in the state, operating 14 schools. This is six more schools than the Massachusetts average of eight.[57] The school district operates 86 school buses under contract with First Student bus company. The schools of Plymouth include the Mount Pleasant Preschool, eight elementary schools (Cold Spring, Federal Furnace, Hedge, Indian Brook, Manomet, Nathanial Morton, South and West Elementaries) which generally serve students from kindergarten to fifth grade, two middle schools (Plymouth Community Intermediate and Plymouth South Middle) which serve grades 5-8, and two high schools, Plymouth North and Plymouth South.[58] Both high schools play in the Atlantic Coast League, and the two schools share a rivalry with each other. Students who decide to receive a technical education have the option of attending Plymouth South Technical School. There is also a charter school in the town, Rising Tide Charter School,[59] which serves

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middle school-aged children. Two special education schools, the Baird School and the Radius Pediatric School, are located in the town. The town has two institutions of higher learning. Quincy College has a campus located in Cordage Park. The Plymouth campus opened in 1991, and the college’s main campus is in Quincy.[60] Curry College has a campus at the northern edge of Plymouth Center in the Citizens Bank building. The campus opened in 1994, and the main campus is located in Milton.[61] While the University of Massachusetts Boston does not have a campus in Plymouth, it offers some courses at another location in Cordage Park.[62]

Plymouth, Massachusetts

Highways
Plymouth lies along the "Pilgrims Highway" portion of Route 3, which is the major route between Cape Cod and Boston. The town can be accessed from six exits on the highway, which is more than any other municipality along the Pilgrims Highway. Plymouth is also the eastern terminus of U.S. Route 44. The route has changed recently, as a new divided highway section has linked it to Route 3, before heading south and exiting at its old location before terminating at Route 3A, which more closely follows the shoreline and passes through Plymouth Center. Route 80’s western terminus is at its intersection with old Route 44. Route 25 goes through a remote section of the town north of Buzzards Bay, but does not have an exit. Finally, the short Plimoth Plantation Highway allows easy access between Routes 3 and 3A, with an exit that allows direct entry to Plimoth Plantation’s parking area. The highway is north of Manomet and south of Plymouth Center.

Healthcare

Rail

Plymouth’s Jordan Hospital Plymouth is home to Jordan Hospital, the largest hospital in the southern region of the South Shore. It is the only major healthcare provider in the town. The hospital is a community medical center serving 12 towns in Plymouth and Barnstable counties. It consists of more than 30 departments, with 150 patient beds.[63] The hospital also offers a rehabilitation center in The Pinehills region. While Jordan Hospital is the only hospital in Plymouth, South Shore Hospital operates several offices and physician labs in South Pond. South Shore Hospital, in South Weymouth, is the largest hospital in southeastern Massachusetts.[64] The Plymouth MBTA station, located in Cordage Park Plymouth is one of two termini of the Kingston/Plymouth Old Colony Line of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority’s commuter rail, providing non-peak service to Braintree and as far north as Boston’s South Station.[65] The Plymouth MBTA station is near Cordage Park in North Plymouth, along Route 3A.[66] (The other terminus is in Kingston and has more frequent train arrivals and departures. Its station is behind the Independence Mall.) No other railroad lines pass through the town.

Transportation
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Plymouth, Massachusetts
Airport, a state airport located in Warwick, Rhode Island, is about 63 miles (101 km) away. It is considered a good alternative if driving, due to unpredictable Boston traffic and higher parking fees at Logan. However, the airport serves fewer destinations.[73]

Ferry
There is a seasonal ferry to Provincetown and several other excursion lines that offer cruises of Plymouth Bay and Cape Cod Bay. The ferry is operated by Capt. John Boats and offers one round trip daily from June to September. The ferry leaves from the State Wharf in Plymouth Center.[67] In addition to the ferry, Plymouth Harbor offers service for harbor excursions, whale watching tours, and deep sea fishing.

Points of interest
Promoted as America’s Hometown, Plymouth is a tourist destination noted for its heritage. The town is home to several notable sites.

Bus
The Plymouth & Brockton Street Railway Company offers scheduled service to Logan Airport, downtown Boston, Hyannis, and Provincetown. Buses can be boarded at the commuter parking lot at exit 5 off Route 3, behind the McDonald’s rest stop.[68] The Greater Attleboro Taunton Regional Transit Authority (GATRA) operates public transportation buses known as the Plymouth Area Link (PAL) throughout much of Plymouth and Kingston.[69]

Plymouth Rock

Air
The Plymouth Rock Monument Plymouth Rock is one of Plymouth’s most famous attractions. Traditionally, the rock is said to be the disembarkation site of the Pilgrims. However, there is no historical evidence to support this theory. The first identification of Plymouth Rock as the actual landing site was made in 1741 by 94-year-old Thomas Faunce, whose father had arrived in Plymouth in 1623, three years after the arrival of the Mayflower.[74] The rock is located roughly 650 feet (200 m) from where the initial settlement was thought to be built. Plymouth Rock became very famous after its identification as the supposed landing site of the Pilgrims, and was subsequently moved to a location in Plymouth Center. During the process, the rock split in two. It was later moved to Pilgrim Hall and then to a location under a granite Victorian Canopy, where it was easily accessible and subject to souvenir hunters. The rock was finally moved back to its original location along the town’s waterfront in 1921. "Plymouth Rock", a large boulder, now sits under a granite canopy designed by famed astronomical illustrator Chesley Bonestell, who also designed the

The Plymouth Municipal Airport The town is home to the Plymouth Municipal Airport, which lies on the border between Plymouth and Carver. Founded in 1931, it offers scheduled service to the Cape Cod, Martha’s Vineyard and Nantucket, as well as private service. The airport features a local restaurant and gift shop, but does not have an on-site traffic control tower.[70] Barnstable Municipal Airport, in Hyannis, is the closest airport that features scheduled carrier operation.[71] The airport offers scheduled flight services to Nantucket, Martha’s Vineyard, Boston and New York City.[72] It is approximately 30 miles (48 km) from Plymouth. The nearest national and international airport is Logan International Airport in Boston, roughly 43 miles (69 km) away. T.F. Green

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Chrysler Building gargoyles and contributed to the design of the Golden Gate Bridge. The rock is the centerpiece of Pilgrim Memorial State Park. The park is the smallest park in the Massachusetts state forest and park system, but is also the most heavily visited.[75]

Plymouth, Massachusetts

Plimoth Plantation

The Mayflower II, located in Plymouth Harbor, is considered to be a faithful replica of the original Mayflower. The ship was built in Brixham, England in 1956, and sailed to Plymouth across the Atlantic Ocean in 1957 by famous mariner Alan Villiers.[79] The ship is still seaworthy, and routinely takes voyages around Plymouth Harbor. In the year 2007, the Mayflower II celebrated the 50th anniversary of its arrival in Plymouth.[80]

Plimoth Plantation Plimoth Plantation is a living history museum located south of Plymouth Center. It consists of a re-creation of the Plymouth settlement in 1627, as well as a replica of a 17th century Wampanoag homesite. The museum features role playing tour guides, as well as a large crafts center. The Nye Barn, a replica of a 1627 faming homestead in Plymouth, is also part of the museum. The farm features several animals that would have been found in Plymouth Colony, but are very rare in modern times.[76] The museum opened in 1947 under the guidance of Henry Hornblower II, a wealthy Boston stockbroker who grew up in Plymouth.[77] The museum originally consisted of the Mayflower II and a "First House" exhibit in Plymouth Center, but was expanded into a large fortified town and a Native American village by 1960.

Other sites
In addition to the Plymouth Rock Memorial, several other monuments were constructed in celebration of Plymouth’s tricentennial. These include statues of Massasoit and William Bradford, and a sarcophagus containing the bones of the 51 Pilgrims who died in the winter of 1620, which rests atop Cole’s Hill. Pilgrim Hall Museum, founded in 1824, is the oldest public museum in the United States.[81] It is located in Plymouth Center. Plymouth also features the National Monument to the Forefathers, which was dedicated in 1889.[82] Standing at 81 feet (25 m) tall, it is the tallest free-standing solid granite monument in the United States.[83] Other notable historical sites include the Jenney Grist Mill, a working replica of an original mill built in 1636, as well as the 1640 Richard Sparrow House, the oldest house still standing in Plymouth. At the edge of the town on Route 80 is Parting Ways, a 94-acre (380,000 m2) site that is notable for containing the remains of four former slaves who

Mayflower II
The Mayflower II is a full-size replica of the Mayflower, the ship which brought the Pilgrims to Plymouth in 1620. It is located at the State Pier in Plymouth Center. The ship is open as a museum about the Pilgrims’ historic voyage from Plymouth, England, and is considered a faithful replica of the original Mayflower.[78] It is officially a part of Plimoth Plantation.

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fought in the Revolutionary War and their families.[84] Myles Standish State Forest, the Commonwealth’s second largest state forest, is located in Plymouth. It is a camping and hiking destination, and contains 16 freshwater lakes and ponds.[35] Ellisville Harbor State Park, located in the extreme southern portion of the town, contains a natural beach inside Cape Cod Bay.[85] Plymouth is home to 11 public and private golf courses, which include Squirrel Run, Pinehills, and Plymouth Country Club. Plymouth Rock Studios is a film and television studio planned for the site of the former Waverly Oaks Golf Club. The $450 million, 1,260,000-square-foot (117,000 m2) development is scheduled to open in 2010.

Plymouth, Massachusetts
• David Chokachi, actor, born in Plymouth[90] • Ken Coleman, sportscaster, died in Plymouth[91] • Thomas Davee, United States Representative from Maine, born in Plymouth[92] • Dave "Phoenix" Farrell, bassist with Linkin Park, born in Plymouth[93] • Peter J. Gomes, preacher and theologian at Harvard Divinity School, resident of Plymouth[94] • Glen Gray, saxophonist, leader of the Casa Loma Orchestra, born in Plymouth[95] • Dick Gregory, comedian, activist and nutritionist, current resident of Plymouth[96] • Pee Wee Hunt, trombonist and co-founder of the Casa Loma Orchestra, died in Plymouth[97] • Frederic Augustus Lucas (1852-1929), Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences museum director, author of many scientific papers, born in Plymouth[98] • Aaron Matson (1770-1855), a United States Representative from New Hampshire, born in Plymouth[99] • Violet Mersereau (1892-1975), silent film actress, died in Plymouth[100] • Gary DiSarcina, former shortstop for the California Angels and manager of the single-A team Lowell Spinners, currently resides in Plymouth. • Henry Picard, Professional golfer, won the Masters golf tournament. • James Warren, president of the Massachusetts provincial legislature and prominent colonial-era politician.

Notable residents

Twinning
Since 2001, Plymouth has shared a twin-city status with: • Plymouth, Devon, United Kingdom[101] In addition, since 1990, Plymouth has shared a sister-city status with: • Shichigahama, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan[102]

Comedian Dick Gregory has resided in Plymouth since 1973. • Chris Alberghini, television producerwriter, born in Plymouth[86] • Oliver Ames, Jr. (1807-1877), railroad official, former resident of Plymouth[87] • John Bartlett, publisher of Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations, born in Plymouth[88] • Amy Lynn Baxter, adult film star, born in Plymouth[89]

References
[1] "Town and City Information". Plymouth County Development Council. http://www.seeplymouth.com/ towninfo.htm. Retrieved on 2008-10-26.

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Plymouth, Massachusetts

[2] "Town Departments: Town Manager’s [13] James Loewen, Lies My Teacher Told Office". Town of Plymouth. Me, Simon & Schuster: New York, 1995, http://www.plymouth-ma.gov/ ISBN 0684818868, pp. 90-91 Public_Documents/PlymouthMA_Admin/ [14] "Samuel de Champlain". Pilgrim Hall index. Retrieved on 2007-07-30. Museum. http://www.pilgrimhall.org/ [3] USGS GNIS: Town of Plymouth. champlain.htm. Retrieved on Geographic Names Information System. 2009-05-04. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [15] Patricia Scott Deetz; James F. Deetz [4] "2000 Population census for Plymouth (2000). "Passengers on the Mayflower: town". United States Census Bureau. Ages & Occupations, Origins & http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ Connections". The Plymouth Colony SAFFPopulation?_event=ChangeGeoContext&geo_id=06000US2502354310&_geoContext=01000US% Archive Project. http://etext.virginia.edu/ Retrieved on 2007-07-30. users/deetz/Plymouth/Maysource.html. [5] "Plymouth History". WickedLocal Retrieved on 2007-07-11. Plymouth. http://home.wickedlocal.com/ [16] Loewen, 1995, pp. 80-86 article.aspx?id=9677&c=gplymouth. [17] Loewen, 1995, pp. 80-86 Retrieved on 2007-09-13. [18] "Pilgrims: Plymouth Its History and [6] "Town of Plymouth Population People". Historical Reference Center. Projections" (PDF). Town of Plymouth. http://pilgrims.net/plymouth/history/. http://www.plymouth-ma.gov/ Retrieved on 2007-07-14. Public_Documents/ [19] ^ Philbrick, Nathaniel (2006). PlymouthMA_Planning/documents/ Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Pop2009.pdf. Retrieved on 2009-04-04. Community, and War. New York: [7] "Find a County". National Association of Penguin Group. Counties. http://www.naco.org/ [20] Philbrick (2006) pp 41 Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/ [21] Johnson, Paul (1997). A History of the cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved American People. New York: on 2008-01-31. HarperCollins. [8] "Plymouth". Cornwall Guide. [22] ^ Loewen, 1995, p. 91 http://www.hblasalzburg-annahof.at/ [23] Loewen, 1995, pp. 92-93 minf%20schuelerarbeiten/ [24] Wilson, Jerry (2001). "The Thanksgiving schoesswender_julia%204%20chl/ Story". Holiday Page. Wilstar.com. Plymouth/plymouth.htm. Retrieved on http://wilstar.com/holidays/thankstr.htm. 2007-08-10. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [9] ^ "What are the oldest cities in [25] "History of Thanksgiving: A Timeline". America?". Glo-con.com. http://www.gloTwoop.com. 2006. con.com/article/article_no/3022/. http://www.twoop.com/holidays/archives/ Retrieved on 2007-08-11. 2005/11/thanksgiving.html. Retrieved on [10] "First Thanksgiving Day Feast". 2007-07-31. Thanksgiving-Day.org. [26] "Timeline: United States of America". http://www.thanksgiving-day.org/firstBBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/ thanksgiving-day-feast.html. Retrieved world/americas/country_profiles/ on 2007-08-10. 1230058.stm. Retrieved on 2007-08-21. [11] ^ Briggs, Rose T.. "THE COURT [27] ^ "Town of Plymouth, Established 1620". HOUSES OF PLYMOUTH". Pilgrim Hall Usgennet.org. http://www.usgennet.org/ Museum. http://www.pilgrimhall.org/ usa/ma/county/plymouth/towns/ PSNote17.htm. Retrieved on plymouth.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-14. 2007-08-10. [28] "Cordage Company: Storied Past". [12] ^ "Plymouth, Massachusetts (MA) Cordage Commerce Center. Economy and Business Data". Cityhttp://www.cordagecommercecenter.com/ Data.com. http://www.city-data.com/ flash_content/history.htm. Retrieved on business/econ-Plymouth2007-07-31. Massachusetts.html. Retrieved on [29] "Records of the Plymouth Cordage 2007-08-11. Company (Coll. 133), History of the Plymouth Cordage Company". Mystic Seaport. http://www.mysticseaport.org/

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library/Manuscripts/coll/coll133/ coll133.html. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [30] "The Property, Property Highlights". Cordage Commerce Center. http://www.cordagecommercecenter.com/ flash_content/property.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [31] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/ www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [32] "Plymouth". Placenames.com. http://www.placenames.com/us/ p615295/. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. [33] ^ "Plymouth Massachusetts 1890". Massachusetts Gazetteer, 1890. http://capecodhistory.us/Mass1890/ Plymouth1890.htm. Retrieved on 2007-08-10. [34] "Plymouth, Massachusetts: Nearest cities". City-Data.com. http://www.citydata.com/city/PlymouthMassachusetts.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. [35] ^ "Myles Standish State Forest". Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. http://www.mass.gov/dcr/parks/ southeast/mssf.htm. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. [36] "USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". US Department of Agriculture - The United States National Arboretum. March 2, 2006. http://www.usna.usda.gov/ Hardzone/hzm-ne1.html. Retrieved on 2007-01-19. [37] "Plymouth, Massachusetts Average Temperature". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/ weather.php3?s=684691&refer=. Retrieved on 2007-08-09. [38] "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States of America". Weatherbase. 2007. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/ weather.php3?s=684691&refer=. Retrieved on 2007-08-09. [39] "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [40] "Plymouth, Massachusetts: Population Density". City-data.com. http://www.citydata.com/city/Plymouth-

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Massachusetts.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. [41] "Plymouth, Massachusetts: Races in Plymouth". City-data.com. http://www.city-data.com/city/PlymouthMassachusetts.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. [42] "Plymouth, Massachusetts: Estimated Median Household Income". Citydata.com. http://www.city-data.com/city/ Plymouth-Massachusetts.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. [43] "Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town". Mass.gov. http://www.mass.gov/legis/citytown.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [44] "Station D-7, SP Bourne". Executive Office of Public Safety (EOPS). http://www.mass.gov/ ?pageID=eopsterminal&L=5&L0=Home&L1=Law+E Retrieved on 2007-08-09. [45] "Town Departments: Board of Selectmen". Town of Plymouth, MA. http://www.plymouth-ma.gov/ Public_Documents/PlymouthMA_BOS/ index. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [46] "Town Departments: Town Manager". Town of Plymouth, MA. http://www.plymouth-ma.gov/ Public_Documents/PlymouthMA_Admin/ index. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [47] "Town Departments: Police Department". Town of Plymouth, MA. http://www.plymouth-ma.gov/ Public_Documents/PlymouthMA_Police/ index. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [48] "Town Departments: Fire Department". Town of Plymouth, MA. http://www.plymouth-ma.gov/ Public_Documents/PlymouthMA_Fire/ index. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [49] "Plymouth MA Community Post Offices". Yahoo Local Pages. http://yp.yahoo.com/ yp/Plymouth_MA/ Community_Post_Offices/8104728.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. [50] "The Village Green, Shops and Services". The Pinehills. http://www.pinehillsvillagegreen.com/ shops/index.php. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [51] "Manomet Branch". Plymouth Public Library. http://www.plymouthpubliclibrary.org/ manometbranch.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-31.

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[52] "About OCLN". Old Colony Library Network. http://www.ocln.org/wp-public/ ?page_id=4. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [53] "Colony Place". Colony Place. http://colonyplace.com/. Retrieved on 2008-10-08. [54] "The Shops at 5: Plymouth, MA" (PDF). New England Development. http://www.nedevelopment.com/pdf/ Shops5.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-07-28. [55] "Behind the Pinehills". The Pinehills. http://www.pinehills.com/. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [56] Gaines, Judith. "Is this the new New England?". Yankee Magazine. http://www.pinehills.com/behind/articles/ yankee/index.php. Retrieved on 2007-08-07. [57] "Plymouth South High School". Public School Review. http://www.publicschoolreview.com/ school_ov/school_id/38376. Retrieved on 2007-08-18. [58] "Our Schools". Plymouth School District. http://www.plymouthschools.com/. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [59] "About Our School". Rising Tide Charter Public School. http://www.risingtide.org/. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [60] "About Quincy College". Quincy College. http://www.quincycollege.edu/qc/about/ history.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [61] "Plymouth Campus". Curry College. http://www.curry.edu/Academics/ Continuing+Education/Locations/ Plymouth+Campus.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [62] "Plymouth". University of Massachusetts Boston. http://www.ccde.umb.edu/ plymouth/. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [63] Jordan Hospital "Welcome to Jordan Hospital". Jordan Hospital. http://www.jordanhospital.org/ Jordan Hospital. Retrieved on 2007-07-14. [64] "About South Shore Hospital". South Shore Hospital. http://www.southshorehospital.org/ about_ssh/about_home3.htm. Retrieved on 2007-08-12. [65] "Commuter Rail Maps and Schedules". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. http://mbta.com/ schedules_and_maps/rail/. Retrieved on 2007-08-20. [66] "Plymouth". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority.

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http://mbta.com/schedules_and_maps/ rail/lines/stations/ default.asp?stopId=159&lat=41.981184&lng=-70.69 Retrieved on 2007-08-20. [67] "Provincetwon Ferry". Capt. John Boats. http://www.provincetownferry.com/. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [68] "Terminals and Ticket Agencies". Plymouth & Brockton Street Railway Co.. http://www.p-b.com/Fares.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [69] "Plymouth Area Link: Information". Greater Attleboro Taunton Regional Transit Authority. http://www.gatra.org/. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [70] "History of Plymouth Airport". Plymouth Municipal Airport. http://www.pymairport.org/index.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [71] "Plymouth, Massachusetts: Airports certified for carrier operations nearest to Plymouth". City-data.com. http://www.city-data.com/city/PlymouthMassachusetts.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-12. [72] "Barnstable Municipal Airport: Airlines". Barnstable Municipal Airport. http://www.town.barnstable.ma.us/ departments/airport/05/ passengerservices/airlines.htm. Retrieved on 2007-08-12. [73] "Parking Rates". T.F. Green Airport. http://www.pvdairport.com/. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [74] Philbrick (2006) pp 351-356 [75] "Pilgrim Memorial State Park". Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. http://www.mass.gov/dcr/parks/ southeast/plgm.htm. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. [76] "The Nye Barn at Plimoth Plantation". Plimoth Plantation. http://www.plimoth.org/features/nye.php. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [77] Associated Press (October 23, 1985). "Henry Hornblower 2d (obituary)". The New York Times. p. B6. [78] "Mayflower II". Plimoth Plantation. http://www.plimoth.org/features/ mayflower-2/. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [79] "The Journey of the Mayflower II". Plimoth Plantation. http://www.plimoth.org/features/ mayflower-2/journey/. Retrieved on 2007-07-31.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Plymouth, Massachusetts

[80] "Mayflower II: 50th Celebrations". [92] "Davee, Thomas". Biographical Directory Plimoth Plantation. of the United States Congress. http://www.plimoth.org/features/ http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/ mayflower-2/50th.php. Retrieved on biodisplay.pl?index=D000068. Retrieved 2007-07-31. on 2007-07-31. [81] "Pilgrim Hall Museum: America’s [93] "Phoenix Farrell". NNDB. museum of Pilgrim’s possessions". http://www.nndb.com/people/088/ Pilgrim Hall. http://www.pilgrimhall.org/ 000030995/. Retrieved on 2007-08-09. plgrmhll.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-31. [94] "The Reverend Professor Peter J. [82] Plymouth Guide. "Forefathers Gomes". The Memorial Church of Monument". Harvard University. http://www.plymouthguide.com/ http://www.memorialchurch.harvard.edu/ monument.html. Retrieved on May 16 preachers/pjg.shtml. Retrieved on 2006. 2008-04-18. [83] "National Monument to the Forefathers". [95] ""Glen Gray and the Casa Loma Department of Conservation and Orchestra"". American BigBands. Recreation (Massachusetts). http://nfo.net/usa/g3.html. Retrieved on http://mass.gov/dcr/stewardship/rmp/ 2007-08-21. rmp-forefathers.htm. Retrieved on [96] "Biography: Dick Gregory for the 2007-08-11. people... Activist, Philosopher, Anti-Drug [84] "Let Freedom Ring". Parting Ways Crusader, Comedian, Author, Actor Museum. Recording Artist, Nutritionist". Dick http://www.partingwaysplymouth.org/. Gregory Global Watch. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. http://www.dickgregory.com/ [85] "Ellisville Harbor State Park". about_dick_gregory.html. Retrieved on Massachusetts Department of 2007-07-31. Conservation and Recreation. [97] "Pee Wee Hunt". MusicStories.net. http://www.mass.gov/dcr/parks/ http://musicstories.net/ southeast/ells.htm. Retrieved on Pee_Wee_Hunt.htm. Retrieved on 2007-08-11. 2007-08-21. [86] "Profile of Chris Alberghini on Famous [98] "Biography of Frederic Augustus Lucas". Like Me". Famous Like Me.com. Frederic Augustus Lucas Papers (PP). http://www.famouslikeme.com/7306/ http://library.nybg.org/finding_guide/ article.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-21. archv/lucas_ppb.html. Retrieved on [87] Who Was Who in America, Historical 2007-07-31. Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis [99] "Matson, Aaron". Biographical Directory Who’s Who. 1963. of the United States Congress. [88] "John Bartlett". Bartleby.com. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/ http://www.bartleby.com/people/ biodisplay.pl?index=M000247. Retrieved BartlettJon.html. Retrieved on on 2007-07-31. 2007-07-31. [100]Violet Mersereau". Silent Era. " [89] "Amy Lynn Baxter". TV.com. CNET http://www.silentera.com/people/ Networks, Inc.. http://www.tv.com/amyactresses/Mersereau-Violet.html. lynn-baxter/person/497381/ Retrieved on 2007-08-21. summary.html. Retrieved on [101]Plymouth and its Twin Towns". Devon " 2008-04-18. County Council. [90] "About David". DavidChokachi.net. http://www.devon.gov.uk/ http://www.davidchokachi.net/ environmentalhealth?url=localcontent.htm&site=2& index_about.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2007-08-09. 2007-08-21. [102]Sister City Plymouth". Shichigahama " [91] "Ken Coleman, Former Red Sox Town Guide. Broadcaster, 1925 - August 21, 2003". http://www.shichigahama.com/ie/ American Sportscasters Online. guide2.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-09. http://www.americansportscastersonline.com/ colemanmemorial.html. Retrieved on 2007-07-31.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Plymouth, Massachusetts
• Destination: Plymouth tourism site • Plymouth Town Website • Wicked Local Plymouth

External links
• Plymouth (Massachusetts) travel guide from Wikitravel

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plymouth,_Massachusetts" Categories: Plymouth, Massachusetts, Settlements established in 1620, Coastal settlements in Massachusetts, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, Towns in Massachusetts, County seats in Massachusetts This page was last modified on 22 May 2009, at 13:56 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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