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Pensacola, Florida

Pensacola, Florida
Pensacola, Florida - Land - Water Elevation Population (2007) - City - Density - Metro Time zone - Summer (DST) Area code(s) FIPS code GNIS feature ID Website
Pensacola in 1885

22.7 sq mi (58.8 km2) 17.0 sq mi (43.9 km2) 102 ft (31 m) 54,283 2,478.7/sq mi (956.8/km2) 437,125 CST (UTC-6) CDT (UTC-5) 850 12-55925[1] 0294117[2] pensacolacitygov.com

Seal

Nickname(s): The City of Five Flags Motto: Enhancing the Quality of Life for all Citizens

Location in Escambia County and the state of Florida

Coordinates: 30°26′0″N 87°12′0″W / 30.43333°N 87.2°W / 30.43333; -87.2Coordinates: 30°26′0″N 87°12′0″W / 30.43333°N 87.2°W / 30.43333; -87.2 Country State County Government - Mayor Area - City United States Florida Escambia Michael C. Wiggins (D) 39.7 sq mi (102.7 km2)

Pensacola is the westernmost city in the Florida Panhandle and the county seat of Escambia County.[3] As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 56,255 and as of 2007, the estimated population was 54,283.[4] However, the Pensacola–Ferry Pass–Brent Metropolitan Statistical Area, comprising Escambia and Santa Rosa counties, had a population of 453,451.[5] Pensacola is a sea port on Pensacola Bay, which connects to the Gulf of Mexico. A large United States Naval Air Station, the first in the United States, is located southwest of Pensacola (near the community of Warrington) and is home to the Blue Angels flight demonstration team and the National Museum of Naval Aviation. The main campus of the University of West Florida is situated north of the city center. Pensacola is nicknamed "The City of Five Flags" due to the five governments that have flown flags over it during its history: those of Spain (Castile), France, Great Britain, the Confederate States of America, and the United States. Other nicknames include "World’s Whitest Beaches" (due to the white sand prevalent along beaches in the Florida panhandle), "Cradle of Naval Aviation" (the National Museum of Naval Aviation is located at the Pensacola Naval Air Station, home of the legendary Blue Angels), "Western Gate to the Sunshine State," "America’s First Settlement," "Emerald Coast," "Redneck Riviera," and "Red Snapper Capital of the World."

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On February 19 of 2009, the King and Queen of Spain, Juan Carlos I and Sofía, took part in commemorating Pensacola’s 450th anniversary, as America’s first European settlement.

Pensacola, Florida

History

Pensacola: site of 1698 settlement near Fort Barrancas is marked "X" (above left end of Santa Rosa Island). landing on August 15, 1559,[8], led by Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano. However, weeks later on September 19, 1559,[7][8], the colony was decimated by a hurricane which killed hundreds, sank five ships, grounded a caravel, and ruined supplies. The 1,000 survivors decided to relocate and resupply the settlement but, due to famine and attacks, the effort was abandoned in 1561.[7] About 240 people sailed to Santa Elena (today’s Parris Island, South Carolina), but another storm hit there, so they sailed to Cuba and scattered.[7] The remaining 50 at Pensacola were taken back to Mexico, and the Viceroy’s advisers concluded that northwest Florida was too dangerous to settle, a belief that endured for 135 years.[7] Pensacola was permanently reestablished by the Spanish in 1696 on the mainland, near Fort Barrancas (see map),[9] It was occupied by the French in 1719 but another major hurricane devastated the settlement in 1722, causing the French to evacuate, and the Spanish returned. The Spanish built three presidios in Pensacola:[10] • Presidio Santa Maria de Galve (1698-1719): the presidio included fort San Carlos de Austria (east of present Fort Barrancas) and a village with church;[10] • Presidio Isla de Santa Rosa (1722-1752): this next presidio was on Santa Rosa Island near the site of present Fort Pickens, but hurricanes battered the island in 1741 and 1752, and the presidio was closed and moved to the mainland;[10]
[7]

Pensacola was the first European-inhabited settlement in what would later become the United States of America. Pensacola, Florida has a rich and colorful history dating back 450 years, being the first European settlement in the continental United States (1559)[6][7][8] and controlled by five countries. Pensacola’s location has caused great turmoil, with many buildings destroyed by wars and by numerous major hurricanes. The location, south of the original British colonies, and on the dividing line between French Louisiana and Spanish Florida along the Perdido River, has caused the possession of the city to change multiple times. Pensacola has been under the possession of the Spanish, French, British, United States and Confederate States, and has remained a part of the United States since the end of the American Civil War. Along with wars, numerous hurricanes have been a massive factor in Pensacola history, destroying houses and leaving many people homeless. Early exploration of Pensacola Bay (called Polonza or Ochuse) spanned decades, with Ponce de León (1513), Pánfilo de Narváez (1528), and Hernando de Soto plus others charting the area. The area was later named after Etzold’s first name.[8] Due to prior exploration, the first settlement of Pensacola was large, with over 1,400 people on 11 ships from Vera Cruz, Mexico

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• Presidio San Miguel de Panzacola (1754-1763): the final presidio was about five miles east of the first presidio, over in the present-day historic district of downtown Pensacola, named from "Panzacola" (of Spain).[10] At the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, Pensacola became the capital of the 14th British colony, West Florida. The British went back to the mainland area of fort San Carlos de Barrancas, building the Royal Navy Redoubt. After Spain joined the American Revolution late in 1779, the Spanish captured East Florida and West Florida in the 1781 Battle of Pensacola.[6], retaining it from (1781-1819). In the Transcontinental Treaty (Adams-Onis) of 1819, Spain renounced its claims to West Florida and ceded East Florida to the U.S. (US$5 million).[6] In 1821, with Andrew Jackson as provisional governor, Pensacola became part of the United States.[6] St. Michael’s Cemetery was established in the 18th Century at a location which at the time was on the distant eastern outskirts of the city. Initially owned by the Church of St. Michael, it is now owned and managed by St. Michael’s Cemetery Foundation of Pensacola, Inc.[11] Preliminary studies indicate that there are over 3200 marked burials as well as a large number unmarked.

Pensacola, Florida
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 102.7 km² (39.7 sq mi). 22.7 square miles (58.8 km²) of it is land and 17.0 square miles (43.9 km²) of it (42.77%) is water.

Climate
The climate of Pensacola is subtropical, with mild winters and hot, humid summers. Summer temperatures are characterized by highs in the low 90s and lows in the mid 70s. The average high in July is 91 °F (32.8 °C), with 59 days per year reaching at least 90 °F (32.2 °C).[13] The average low in July is 75 °F (23.9 °C).[14] Evening thunderstorms are common during the summer months. Temperatures above 100 °F (37.7 °C) are rare, and last occurred in July 2000, when seven days over 100 °F were recorded.[15] The hottest temperature ever recorded in the city was 106 °F (41.1 °C) on July 14, 1980.[14] Average highs in January are 61 °F (16.1 °C) and average lows are 43 °F (6.1 °C).[14] There are, on average, fifteen nights per year of below freezing temperatures.[16] Temperatures below 20 °F are rare, and last occurred in January 2003, when a low of 18 °F (-7.7 °C) was seen.[17] The coldest temperature ever recorded in the city was 5 °F (-15 °C) on January 21, 1985.[14] Snow is rare in Pensacola, but does occasionally fall. The most recent frozen precipitation occurred on December 25 and December 26, 2004, when the city received ice pellets.[18][19] The city receives 64.28 inches (1633 mm) of precipitation per year, with a rainy season in the summer. The rainiest month is July, with 8.02 inches (204 mm), while 3.89 inches (99 mm) falls in April, the driest month.[14]

Geography

Hurricanes
Pensacola’s location on the Florida Panhandle makes it vulnerable to hurricanes. Major hurricanes which have made landfall at or near Pensacola include Eloise (1975), Frederic (1979), Juan (1985), Erin (1995), Opal (1995), Georges (1998), Ivan (2004), and Dennis (2005). Pensacola and several surrounding areas were devastated by Hurricane Ivan. Pensacola found itself on the eastern side of the eyewall, which sent a large storm surge into Escambia Bay that eventually destroyed most of the I-10 Escambia Bay Bridge.[20] The

Pensacola Beach, Florida

Topography
Pensacola is located at 30°26′13″N 87°12′33″W / 30.436988°N 87.209277°W / 30.436988; -87.209277.[12]

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Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures Month Rec High °F Norm High °F Norm Low °F Rec Low °F Rainfall (inches/mm) Jan 80 Feb 82 Mar Apr 86 96 May Jun 98 101 Jul 106 Aug Sep 104 98

Pensacola, Florida

Oct 92

Nov 86

Dec 81

61.2 64.4 70.2 42.7 45.4 51.7 5 15 22 6.4 163 5.3 / 4.7 135 119

76.2 83.4 57.6 65.8 33 3.9 99 48 4.4 112

89.0 90.7 90.1 87.0 79.3 70.3 63.4 72.1 74.5 74.2 70.4 59.6 51.1 44.7 56 6.4 163 61 8.0 203 60 6.9 175 43 5.8 147 32 4.1 104 25 4.5 114 11 4.0 102

Source: USTravelWeather.com [1]

Transportation
Pensacola is served by Interstate 10 and the Interstate 110 spur connecting I-10 with downtown Pensacola. Major air traffic in the Pensacola and greater northwest Florida area is handled by Pensacola Regional Airport. Airlines currently serving Pensacola Regional Airport are Air Tran Airways, American Airlines, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines and US Airways. Amtrak train service and Greyhound bus service are also available.[23][24] However, Amtrak suspended service to Pensacola (and the rest of the Gulf Coast) because of damage caused by Hurricane Katrina. As of October 2008, it is still unknown whether Amtrak service will be restored. The local bus service is the Escambia County Area Transit (ECAT).[25] In December 2007, ECAT announced that it would cut many of its routes, citing poor rider frequency. However in January 2008, ECAT announced that it would expand service to neighboring Gulf Breeze and change existing routes to more convenient locations. [26]

Flooding in Downtown Pensacola from Hurricane Katrina storm heavily damaged the bridge. It knocked 58 spans off the eastbound and westbound bridges and misaligned another 66 spans, causing the bridge to close to traffic in both directions.[21] Over six billion dollars in damage occurred in the metro area and more than 10,000 homes were destroyed, with another 27,000 heavily damaged. NASA created a comparison image to illustrate the massive damage. Hurricane Ivan drove up the cost of housing in the area, leading to a severe shortage of affordable housing. In July 2005, Hurricane Dennis made landfall just east of the city, sparing it the blow it had received from Ivan the year before. However, hurricane- and nearhurricane-force winds were recorded in downtown, causing moderate damage. Although Pensacola only received a glancing blow from 2005’s devastating Hurricane Katrina, light to moderate damage was reported in the area. There was significant damage to Pensacola air conditioning condenser units, but minimal structural damage.[22] Katrina also undermined a large percentage of Pensacola’s tourist base from Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama.

Cityscape
Neighborhoods
The city of Pensacola is composed of several neighborhoods, each of a different age and character: • 1. The historic core of the city. Historic preservation efforts have centered around Palafox Street, downtown’s main retail and entertainment corridor. Many of Pensacola’s major attractions are here, including Plaza Ferdinand VII, the Pensacola Civic Center and Seville Quarter, as well as much of the city’s government and professional office space.

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Pensacola, Florida
• 7. Consists mostly of 1930s-era bungalows with a cluster of apartment complexes and towers along the Scenic Highway bayfront. This neighborhood is known for it’s eclectic, bohemian atmosphere. Its commercial center stretches along Cervantes Street and includes the locally famous Jerry’s Drive-In. • 8. Developed mostly in the 1980s and predominantly upper-middle class residential. Major subdivisions include Baywoods, Bohemia, Ironwood and La Belle Terre/La Mirage. • 9. Pensacola’s first suburb, dating to the post-Civil War period, it is home to the North Hill Preservation District and has been the focus of a tremendous revitalization effort. The majority of the homes in the neighborhood are large Victorians. Belmont-Devilliers, the historically black commercial district, is located in this area, as well as Pensacola High School, the oldest high school in the city. • 10. • 11. A working class neighborhood consisting of most of the streets with single-letter names south of Garden Street. Barrancas Avenue cuts diagonally through this neighborhood and connects Pensacola to Warrington via the Bayou Chico bridge. The area west of Pace Boulevard is mostly industrial, and the east side of the neighborhood consists mainly of 1930s-era bungalows. • 12. A middle class neighborhood developed between the late 1950s and the late 1970s. It is vastly residential and includes the subdivisions of Scenic Heights proper, Belvedere Park, Eastgate, Hidden Oaks and Tierra Verde. • 13. The oldest part of modern Pensacola. Consisting of homes, churches and commercial buildings dating to the 18th Century, this is the most consistently historic neighborhood in the city. Historic Pensacola Village, Seville Square Park, Old Christ Church and the New Urbanist development of Aragon Court are located in this neighborhood. • 14. Lies to the south of the unincorporated community of Ferry Pass. Predominantly residential, it includes the subdivisions of Camelot, Dunmire Woods and Eau Claire Estates, all developed in 1960s and 1970s. The small portion of the city limits that

A generalized map of neighborhoods within the city limits of Pensacola. • 2. A working-class neighborhood composed of most of the streets with single-letter names from "E" Street west. It is perhaps most famous as the center of the Brownsville Revival of the 1990s. This neighborhood extends west into unincorporated Escambia County. • 3. Consists mainly of middle class homes built in the 1970s. Major landmarks include Pensacola Junior College, Sacred Heart Hospital and Washington High School. Larger subdivisions include Springdale and Broadview Farms. • 4. Upper middle class housing built from the 1950s to the 1980s. Some of its wealthier residents live along Bayou Texar. Subdivisions include Cordova Park proper, Birnam Woods and Inverness. Cordova Mall is the commercial center of this neighborhood and the remainder of northeast Pensacola. • 5. Lies east of the unincorporated community of Brent. The area west of Interstate 110 is largely industrial. Major residential subdivisions on the east side of the neighborhood include Highland Terrace and Woodland Heights. • 6. A middle to upper class neighborhood known mostly for its 1920s-era bungalows and mansions. Housing stock extends into the post-World War II period. Like Cordova Park, the most expensive homes are found along the bayou. Major landmarks include Bayview Park and Old Sacred Heart Hospital.

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stretches north of Interstate 10 is located in this neighborhood. • 15. Consists of the middle class subdivision of Summit Park proper as well as the adjacent upper middle class Gaberonne/Lavallet addition. Developed mostly in the 1960s, it also includes clusters of multi-family and high-density single-family residential development along Summit Boulevard and Spanish Trail. • 16. A working class neighborhood surrounding the Interstate 110 corridor. The Crystal Ice Company Building is a feature of this neighborhood.

Pensacola, Florida
2.07% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 24,524 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.92. In addition to the Christian majority, Pensacola is home to a small but significant Jewish community, whose roots stretch back to the mid to late 1800s. The first Florida chapter of B’nai Brith was founded downtown in 1874, as well as the first temple, Beth-El, in 1876. Paula Ackerman, the first woman who performed rabbinical functions in the United States, was a Pensacola native and led services at Beth-El. Apart from the Reform Beth-El, Pensacola is also served by the Conservative B’nai Israel Synagogue. The median income for a household in the city was $34,779, and the median income for a family was $42,868. Males had a median income of $32,258 versus $23,582 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,438. About 12.7% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. The population of Pensacola belies its standing within the state and the region. A longtime opposition to annexation in the areas surrounding the city has held its 2000 Census population figure at 56,255. However, the 2000 Census population of Pensacola Urbanized Area was 321,875, the eighth largest in the state.

Demographics
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 2,164 — 1850 2,876 32.9% 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 3,347 6,845 11,750 17,747 22,982 31,035 31,579 37,449 43,479 56,752 59,507 57,619 58,165 56,255 16.4% 104.5% 71.7% 51.0% 29.5% 35.0% 1.8% 18.6% 16.1% 30.5% 4.9% −3.2% 0.9% −3.3%

See also: Demographics As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 56,255 people, 24,524 households, and 14,665 families residing in the city, and 402,000 people in the Pensacola MSA. The population density was 2,478.7 people per square mile (956.8/km²). There were 26,995 housing units at an average density of 1,189.4/sq mi (459.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 64.91% White, 30.58% African American, 1.77% Asian, 0.52% Native American, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races.

Est. 2006 53,248 −5.3% Population 1850-2000.[27] Escambia County, Florida

Law and government
See also: List of mayors of Pensacola, Florida The City of Pensacola is governed by an elected City Council with nine seats, two of which are considered "at large." The city government also has an elected mayor; John Fogg has held that office since 1994.

Politics
Like other parts of the South, Pensacola was solidly Democratic for more than a century

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Council Members District 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 (at large) 9 (at large) Council Member P.C. Wu Sam Hall Mike DeSorbo Marty Donovan John Jerralds Jewel Canada-Wynn Ronald Townsend Jack Nobles Mike Wiggins

Pensacola, Florida

after the Civil War. Until the 1970s, most local elections were determined by the Democratic primary. However, from the 1960s onward, the staunchly conservative military and Bible Belt city became increasingly Republican. However, Democrats continued to win most elections at the state and local level well into the 1990s, though most of them were very conservative even by Southern Democratic standards. This changed in 1994, when Republican attorney Joe Scarborough defeated Vinnie Whibbs, the son of popular former Democratic mayor Vince Whibbs, in a landslide to represent Florida’s 1st congressional district, which is based in Pensacola. Republicans also swept all of the area’s seats in the state legislature. Since then, Republicans have dominated every level of government, although municipal elections are officially nonpartisan. In August 2005, registered Republicans outnumbered Democrats for the first time in the area’s history. As of August 2005, in Escambia County, 44% of the residents are registered Republicans compared to 39.91% of the population having registered as Democrats with another 13.21% having no party affiliation.[28] In the 2004 presidential election, 65% of Escambia County residents voted for George W. Bush over John Kerry. The Pensacola area has not supported a Democrat for President since John Kennedy in 1960. In 1968, Pensacola and the rest of North Florida supported American Independent Party candidate George Wallace. Chuck Baldwin, the 2008 presidential nominee of the Constitution Party, is the pastor of Crossroad Baptist Church in Pensacola.

Regional representatives
Pensacola is currently represented in the U.S. House of Representatives by Jeff Miller (R) and in the U.S. Senate by Bill Nelson (D) and Mel Martinez (R), in the state senate by Don Gaetz (R) and Durell Peaden (R), and in the state house by Clay Ford (R), Dave Murzin (R), and Greg Evers (R).[29] As of January 2007, Pensacola, and the rest of the State of Florida, are served by Charlie Crist (R) as governor, who replaced term-limited Governor Jeb Bush (R).

Sister cities
According to Sister City International, Pensacola has the following sister cities:[30] • • • • • Chimbote, Peru Escazu, Costa Rica Gero, Japan Gorlovka, Ukraine Miraflores, Peru

• Kaohsiung, Taiwan See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United States

City, schools, libraries and hospitals
Public primary and secondary education schools in Pensacola are administered by the Escambia County School District. The current superintendent of schools for Escambia County is Jim Paul. The University of West Florida, which resides north of the city, is the primary tertiary school in the area. UWF also has the largest library in the region, the John C. Pace Library.

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Pensacola, Florida
audio-video items in good condition are welcome at the main library.

Universities and colleges
• • • • University of West Florida Pensacola Junior College Troy University - Pensacola Pensacola Christian College

Hospitals
• Baptist Hospital – Baptist Health Care, (850) 434-4011 • Gulf Breeze Hospital – Baptist Health Care, (850) 934-2000 • Naval Hospital – United States Navy, (850) 505-6601 • Sacred Heart Hospital – Sacred Heart Health System, (850) 416-1600 • Santa Rosa Medical Center – FastHealth Corporation, (850) 626-5050 • West Florida Hospital – West Florida Healthcare, (850) 494-4000 • Nemours Children’s Clinic - Nemours Children’s Clinic, (850) 505-4700

Pensacola High School

Culture
Festivals and holidays
Major holidays in Pensacola include Memorial Day (Memorial Day Weekend), Mardi Gras, and the Fiesta of Five Flags. Celebrations of note in Pensacola are the Great Gulfcoast Arts Festival, the Seafood Festival, Crawfish Festival, Gay Pride(LGBT),[32] (Memorial Day Weekend), The King Mackerel and Cobia Tournament, Florida Springfest (although canceled in 2006 through 2008), Gracefest (a Christian music festival), Lobsterfest, University of West Florida Festival on the Green, The Diesel Dee Diesel Dyow Attempts, the Bushwhacker Festival and the Bill Fishing Tournament.Independence Day and Blue Angel Weekend also attract many locals and tourists at nearby Pensacola Beach. Historic Seville Square and its adjacent parks, Fountain Park and Bartram Park, are the sites of most of Pensacola’s festivals. In the summer on Thursdays and on the Thursday in the beginning of the Christmas season, the Pensacola Heritage Foundation presents local bands in its famous gazebo for free and very popular concerts. In December the Pensacola Christmas Market is a popular event in Seville Square as is the Great Gulf Coast Arts Festival and Seafood Festival are in the fall and the Cajun Crawfish Festival in in the spring. Festivals in Seville Square is a successful tradition begun by local preservationists in the early 1960s led by Mary Turner Rule Reed and the Pensacola Heritage

High schools in the City of Pensacola
• • • • • East Hill Christian School Escambia High School Pensacola School Of Liberal Arts Pensacola Catholic High School Pensacola High School (Ranked as the 8th best high school in America by Newsweek magazine in 2004.)[31] Washington High School Pine Forest High School Pensacola Christian Academy Tate High School West Florida High School of Advanced Technology

• • • • •

Libraries
The West Florida Regional Library is a system of libraries with five locations throughout the Pensacola area. They offer fiction and non-fiction books, magazines, books on cassette or CD, DVD and VHS films and music. Each library offers public access computers, children’s materials, and a variety of reading materials. Genealogy and local history resources are available at the Main Branch downtown. Library staff and various volunteers from the West Florida Genealogy Society are available to help start the research process. The Friends of the Library hold periodic book sales where donated and discarded items are sold to the public. Donations of books or

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Foundation who started the movement to save and restore this square and Pensacola’s old settlement around it.

Pensacola, Florida
for the Wrong Eyed-Jesus Jim White was raised in Pensacola before moving to Georgia after Hurricane Ivan. There is also a moderately sized gothic and Industrial scene in the greater Pensacola Area with events such as Freaky Fridaze held monthly at Bedlam, a popular nightclub in the downtown area. There has also been a recent growth in the hardcore metal scene in Pensacola, and shows of this genre are often held at the local American Legion post and the now-closed Red Door Venue, a Christian-based show. Popular Venues include Sluggo’s, the End of the Line Cafe, the Handlebar, and the Gutter Lounge; which has hosted shows by MC Chris and The Horror Pops. Because Pensacola is part of the greater Northwest Florida region, many people from Pensacola frequently attend shows and events in nearby Fort Walton Beach and Mobile, Alabama. Despite the large size of the Pensacola Metropolitan area, the music scene is fairly close knit, with many acts invariably influencing one another. Aficionados of classical and jazz music also are active in Pensacola. Both Pensacola Junior College and the University of West Florida host a wide variety of concerts at various times of the year, headlining famous musicians as well as local bands and music professors. The Pensacola Symphony Orchestra, directed and conducted by Peter Rubardt, hosts a brilliant season of concerts each year at Pensacola’s newly renovated Saenger Theatre. [34] The very active Jazz Society of Pensacola sponsors the popular Pensacola JazzFest[35] each spring downtown in Pensacola’s Seville Square. Hundreds of people turn out to enjoy energizing jazz and big band musicians from all over the country perform. In years past, Pensacola was also the home for SpringFest and GraceFest, both mega-music street festivals in downtown Pensacola. The National Museum of Naval Aviation also hosts a yearly series of Big Band concerts, featuring bands such as the Glenn Miller Orchestra and Tommy Dorsey Orchestra. Internet sensation Mark Gormley is from Pensacola, as is film composer and musician Nick Monteleone, both of whom were born in Pensacola.

City media
The largest daily newspaper in the area is the Pensacola News Journal. Pensacola is also home to WEAR-TV, the ABC affiliate for Pensacola, Fort Walton Beach, and Mobile, Alabama, and WSRE-TV, the local PBS member station, which is operated by Pensacola Junior College. Other television stations in the market include WALA-TV the Fox affiliate, and, WKRG the CBS affiliate, also WPMI, the NBC affiliate, which all are located in Mobile. Cable service in the city is provided by Cox Communications. Pensacola Magazine, the city’s monthly glossy magazine, and Northwest Florida’s Business Climate, the only business magazine devoted to the region, are published locally.

Sports teams
Pensacola is home to several semiprofessional sports teams, including the Pensacola Lightning NAFL team (ranked fourth in the nation out of 147 teams in 2007) (now defunct), the Pensacola Pelicans of the American Association (of Independent Baseball) (AA), and the Gulf Coast Riptide of the Women’s Football Alliance (WFA), who earned 8 consecutive Division Championships when they were the Pensacola Power of the National Women’s Football Association (NWFA). Roy Jones, Jr., named "Fighter of the Decade" for the 1990s by the Boxing Writers Association of America and a former pound for pound champion, fights out of Pensacola. Pensacola also had a ECHL hockey team by the name of the Pensacola Ice Pilots which recently had its membership terminated on June 23, 2008. However, hockey will return to Pensacola in fall 2009 when the Pensacola Ice Flyers of the Southern Professional Hockey League hit the ice. [33]

Music Scene and Subculture
Pensacola’s music scene is considered very active. Perhaps most consistently, however, the city has been home to a small, but fairly active Punk, Folk and Indie scene with bands such as This Bike is a Pipe Bomb, Frank Booth, 60 Cycles of Sound, Deadly Fists of Kung Fu, among others. Country/Folk singer and host of the BBC documentary Searching

The Arts and Theatre
Pensacola has an active art scene thanks to the University of West Florida and the folk

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music subculture of the area. A recent revival in Dada and surrealism has also surfaced in the area and art shows have become more and more frequent. Events are planned by the Arts Council of Northwest Florida, including Gallery Night; a monthly event in which downtown businesses host artwork from featured area artists. There are a number of different performance venues in the Pensacola Area, including the Pensacola Civic Center, often used for big ticket events, and the Saenger Theater, used for performances and mid level events. Currently the Saenger Theater is closed for renovations and is due to reopen in March of 2009. Pensacola Christian College hosts its Fine Arts Series each year, attracting prominent artists that include the late Jerome Hines of the New York Metropolitan Opera, the Atlantic Brass Quintet, Christopher Parkening, the Vienna Boys’ Choir and the Gregg Smith Singers. Other performances include operas, Shakespearean plays, and Gilbert and Sullivan musicals.

Pensacola, Florida

hospitals, schools, crime, news, sex offenders [5] Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007. United States Census Bureau. [6] ^ Johnson, Jane. "Santa Rosa Island - a History (Part 1)" (PDF). http://www.navarrebeach.org/History/ History%20in%20Acrobat.PDF. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. [7] ^ Pinson, Steve. "The Tristan de Luna Expedition". Pensacola Archeology Lab. http://www.de-luna.com/pal.html. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. [8] ^ ""History" (Luna colony at Ochuse/ Pensacola)". MyFlorida.com. State of Florida, Office of Cultural & Historical Programs. 2007. http://www.flheritage.com/archaeology/ projects/shipwrecks/emanuelpoint/ history.cfm. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. [9] "Floripedia: Pensacola, Florida". University of South Florida. 2005. http://fcit.usf.edu/FLORIDA/docs/p/ pensac2.htm. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. [10] ^ "Presidio Isla de Santa Rosa". University of West Florida. 2003. • Blue Angels http://www.uwf.edu/anthropology/ • Brownsville Revival research/SantaRosa.cfm. Retrieved on • Escambia Bay Bridge 2007-03-06. • Escambia High School riots [11] "St. Micheal’s Cemetery Foundation of • Hurricane Dennis Pensacola, Inc". • Hurricane Ivan http://www.stmichaelscemetery.org/. • Interstate 10 Retrieved on 2008-08-06. • Interstate 110 (I-110) [12] "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". • List of people from Pensacola, Florida United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/ www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [1] ^ "American FactFinder". United States [13] "Mean Number of Days With Maximum Census Bureau. Temperature 90 °F or Higher". National http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on Climatic Data Center. 2007-06-23. 2008-01-31. http://lwf.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/ [2] "US Board on Geographic Names". online/ccd/max90temp.html. Retrieved United States Geological Survey. on 2007-03-06. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. [14] ^ "Monthly Averages for Pensacola, Retrieved on 2008-01-31. Fla.". The Weather Channel. [3] "Find a County". National Association of http://www.weather.com/outlook/ Counties. http://www.naco.org/ recreation/outdoors/wxclimatology/ Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/ monthly/graph/USFL0399?from=search. cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved Retrieved on 2007-03-06. on 2008-01-31. [15] "History for Pensacola, Florida on [4] Pensacola, Florida (FL) Detailed Profile Saturday, July 1, 2000". Weather relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, Underground. http://www.wunderground.com/history/

See also

References

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
airport/KPNS/2000/7/1/ MonthlyHistory.html. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. [16] "Mean Number of Days With Minimum Temperature 32 °F or Less". National Climatic Data Center. 2004-06-23. http://lwf.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/ online/ccd/min32temp.html. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. [17] "History for Pensacola, Florida on Friday, January 24, 2003". Weather Underground. http://www.wunderground.com/history/ airport/KPNS/2003/1/24/ DailyHistory.html. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. [18] "History for Pensacola, Florida on Saturday, December 25, 2004". Weather Underground. http://www.wunderground.com/history/ airport/KPNS/2004/12/25/ DailyHistory.html. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. [19] "History for Pensacola, Florida on Sunday, December 26, 2004". Weather Underground. http://www.wunderground.com/history/ airport/KPNS/2004/12/26/ DailyHistory.html. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. [20] "Bridge Replacement over Escambia Bya". Florida Department of Transportation. http://www.escambiabaybridge.com/. Retrieved on 2007-08-14. [21] "Repairing Florida’s Escambia Bay Bridge". ACP Construction. http://www.acppubs.com/article/ CA511040.html. Retrieved on 2007-08-14. [22] http://www.andersonairllc.com [23] http://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ ContentServer?pagename=Amtrak/ am2Station/Station_Page&code=PNS [24] Greyhound.com : Locations : Pensacola, Florida [25] "About ECAT". ECAT. http://www.goecat.com/about/. Retrieved on 2007-10-25. [26] "ECAT to expand service in Gulf Breeze". Pensacola News Journal. http://www.pensacolanewsjournal.com/ apps/pbcs.dll/

Pensacola, Florida

article?AID=2008801060332. Retrieved on 2008-01-11. [27] "Census Of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/ decennial/index.htm. Retrieved on 2008-05-13. [28] Stafford, David H. "Voter Statistics". EscambiaVotes.com. Escambia County Supervisor of Elections. http://www.escambiavotes.com/ votertrends.php. [29] "Representatives, Regular Session 2007". Florida House of Representatives. http://www.myfloridahouse.gov/Sections/ Representatives/ representatives.aspx?MemberId=4187&SessionId=4 Retrieved on 2007-03-06. [30] "Online Directory: Florida, USA". Sister Cities International. http://www.sistercities.org/icrc/directory/usa/FL. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. [31] Berrett, Dan. "The Complete List of the 1,000 Top U.S. Schools". Newsweek. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/7723397/ site/newsweek/. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. [32] Nelson, Melissa (2007-05-27). "Gays Flock to Fla. Panhandle for Holiday". Associated Press (ABC News). http://abcnews.go.com/US/ wireStory?id=3215976. Retrieved on 2007-05-27. [33] Blakeney, Jason (May 9, 2009). "Commentary: New team, new name, new opportunity". Pensacola News Journal. http://www.pnj.com/article/ 20090509/SPORTS/905090325/ Commentary++New+team++new+name++new+op [34] http://www.pensacolasymphony.com link title/ [35] http://www.jazzpensacola.com/

External links
• City of Pensacola • Pensapedia, the Pensacola encyclopedia • Pensacola Bay Area Convention & Visitors Bureau

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pensacola,_Florida"

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pensacola, Florida

Categories: 1698 establishments, Cities in Escambia County, Florida, County seats in Florida, Coastal settlements in Florida, Pensacola, Florida, Port settlements in Florida, United States colonial and territorial capitals This page was last modified on 16 May 2009, at 06:36 (UTC). All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License. (See Copyrights for details.) Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) taxdeductible nonprofit charity. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers

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