Palm_Bay__Florida by zzzmarcus

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Palm Bay, Florida

Palm Bay, Florida
Palm Bay

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Motto: A perfect place to grow

Palm Bay is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the city’s population as 100,116 on 1 July 2007;[3] it is the most populous city in the county. Palm Bay is a Principal City[6] of the Palm Bay–Melbourne–Titusville Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had an estimated population of 536,161 on 1 July 2007.[7]

History
The Timucuan Indians, attracted to the mouth of Turkey Creek at the Indian River by fresh water springs, fish, oysters, and wildlife, are thought to have been the first inhabitants in the Palm Bay area. Palm Bay’s recent history began in the 1850s when the first European settlers built homes along Turkey Creek. Originally reLocation in Brevard County and the state of Florida ferred to as Tillman, the settlement was deCoordinates: 27°59′52.52″N 80°40′12.03″W / scribed as a "small strip of hammock...on 27.9979222°N 80.6700083°W / 27.9979222; each side of Turkey Creek...mostly pine and -80.6700083 palmetto, miserable sandy barren oak scrub, Country some ponds and interspersed with sawgrass United States and gallberry."[8] State Florida By the mid-nineteenth century, there was Brevard County a lumbering operation, packing house, and Government orange groves, but growth was slow until the Council-Manager - Type arrival of the railroad in 1894. Goods were John Mazziotti - Mayor brought in and produce was shipped to marLee Feldman - City Manager ket faster. Area [1] Between 1910 and 1914, Tillman became 66.75 sq mi (172.9 km2) - City the center for a land company known as the 63.65 sq mi (164.8 km2) - Land Indian River Catholic Colony. Attempting to 3.1 sq mi (8.0 km2) 4.64% - Water grow two crops a season, farmers quickly de[2] pleted the soil, and the colony failed. Those 19 ft (5 m) Elevation remaining built St. Joseph’s Church on Miller Population (1 July 2007)[3] Street, the oldest building still standing. 100,116 - City In the 1920s, the city was renamed after 536,131 - Metro the bay bordered with palm trees known as Census Bureau estimate Palm Bay located at the mouth of Turkey Eastern (EST) (UTC-5) Time zone Creek. A group of Tillman businessmen es- Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4) tablished the Melbourne-Tillman Drainage 32905-32911 ZIP code District, and issued $1.5 million worth of 321 Area code(s) bonds. Starting in 1922, a 180 mile grid of 80 canals was dug to drain 40,000 acres (160 12-54000[4] FIPS code km²) of swampy land west of Palm Bay. The [5] 0288389 GNIS feature ID canals made it possible to control flooding http://www.palmbayflorida.org Website and turn marsh lands to agricultural use. Farmers planted citrus groves and truck

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farms which shipped winter produce by the Florida East Coast Railroad to northern markets. Farmers sold timber and land to paper companies. In 1926, a fire among the dredges and a severe hurricane economically depressed Palm Bay. The Melbourne-Tillman Drainage District went bankrupt. In 1959, General Development Corporation purchased land for a residential project now known as the Port Malabar subdivision. In 2008 the former Port Malabar Country Club property was revalued at $300,000, essentially "worthless" because of arsenic in the groundwater which would require an estimated $12 million dollars to clean up.[9]

Palm Bay, Florida

Surrounding Areas
• St. Johns River; Sawgrass Lake; Lake Hellen Blazes; Indian Fields; St. John’s Marsh; Osceola County • Grant-Vakaria; Malabar; Indian River Lagoon • West Melbourne; Melbourne • Deer Run; St John’s Marsh

Demographics

Geography
Palm Bay is located at 27°59′52.52″N 80°40′12.03″W / 27.9979222°N 80.6700083°W / 27.9979222; -80.6700083Coordinates: 27°59′52.52″N 80°40′12.03″W / 27.9979222°N 80.6700083°W / 27.9979222; -80.6700083. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 66.75 mi²( km²), of which 63.65 square miles (165 km2) is land and 3.1 square miles (8 km2) is water (4.64%). The city is broken up into four sections: Northwest, Northeast, Southwest, and Southeast, each contain multiple zip codes. The most urban area is in the Northeast. The most rural area is in the Southwest, containing an area called The Compound. This area is home to Bombardier Recreational Products. A small portion of Bayside Lakes lies in the area. Drainage continues to be a problem in some parts of the city, caused primarily by the sudden unplanned transfer from General Development Corporation to the city of the responsibility for planning future growth and designing adequate drainage. This problem has been mitigated since 2000 with the continued design and construction work by Palm Bay City employees. During the early 1990s, Palm Bay Regional Park, a soccer and athletic complex in the Western part of the city, was constructed. It is the largest of a citywide system of parks and recreation areas. The Turkey Creek Sanctuary is a small nature reserve in the northeast part of the city.

City name marker erected on I-95 in 2002. As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 79,413 people, 30,336 households, and 21,781 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,247.7/mi² (481.7/km²). There were 32,902 housing units at an average density of 517.0/mi² (199.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.54% White, 14.31% African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.38% from other races, and 2.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.63% of the population. There were 30,336 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.03. In the city the distribution by age was: 26.5% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males. In 2008, the Census Bureau ranked the city as the 25th fastest growing large city in the United States. [10]

Economy
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Palm Bay, Florida

Personal income
The median income for a household in the city was $36,508, and the median income for a family was $41,636. Males had a median income of $31,060 versus $22,203 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,992. About 7.1% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

Industry
Members of the Palm Bay city government in 2003. local government manager. The form establishes a representative system where all power is concentrated in the elected council and where the council hires a professionally trained manager to oversee the delivery of public services.[12] The Mayor and Council is the legislative branch of city government; its members are the community’s decision makers. The Mayor is the presiding officer at the Council Meetings and is the official head of the City for all ceremonial occasions. Power is centralized in the elected Mayor and Council (City Council), which approves the budget, determines the tax rate, focuses on the community’s goals, major projects, and such long-term considerations as community growth, land use development, capital improvement plans, capital financing, and strategic planning. In Palm Bay, a five-member Mayor and Council, operate in accordance with the city charter. Three (3) positions created by the Charter (Charter Officers) are appointed by and report directly to the City Council -- City Manager, City Attorney, and City Clerk. In June 1999 Mazziotti was removed from office by then Governor Jeb Bush when it was revealed that the mayor had previously served two prison sentences and did not have his civil rights restored. Mazziotti had served 27 months in a federal penitentiary for a marijuana trafficking conviction in Pennsylvania and a second separate conviction for smuggling amphetamines across the Canadian border.[13] It was also discovered that, as a 17 year old, Mazziotti drove the getaway car during a robbery.[14] After having his civil rights restored, he ran again for

Pink Wal-Mart Supercenter built in 2005: the city uses Key West vernacular architecture. The following corporations are located in the city: • Harris Corporation manufacturing • Intersil • MC Assembly[11] • DRS Optronics • Palm Bay Community Hospital owned by Health First Palm Bay is developing its Bayfront "downtown" to create a focus for the city.

Government
Mayor - John Mazziotti; Deputy Mayor - Milo Zonka; Councilmembers - Kristine Isnardi, Michele Paccione, and William Capote; City Manager - Lee Feldman. Zonka and Isnardi were elected in 2007 and are serving threeyear terms expiring in November 2010. Paccione and Capote were elected in November 2008 and will serve through November 2012. As noted below, Mazziotti was reelected in 2008 without opposition. Palm Bay utilizes the council-manager form of government. This system of local government combines the political leadership of elected officials in the form of a council, with the managerial experience of an appointed

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the City Council and won. He ran unopposed for mayor in 2005 and 2008.[14] In 2007, the city had a taxable real estate base of $5.84 billion.[15] This amount was the largest of any municipality in the county. In 2008, the police department won an award for training patrolment to properly collect DNA samples. At the time, they were the only police force in the world with this program.[16] • Royal Palm Charter School • Odyssey Charter School

Palm Bay, Florida

Transportation
Major roads in Palm Bay include: • Interstate 95 - This interstate highway runs through the eastern side of Palm Bay. There are two exits in the city, Palm Bay Road (exit 176) and Malabar Road (exit 173). U.S. 1 - This road serves the northeastern section of the city. It is intersected by 4 main roads: Malabar Road, Port Malabar Boulevard, Robert J. Conlan Boulevard and Palm Bay Road. Babcock Street - This road runs through the eastern portion of Palm Bay. It provides a direct route to Fellsmere in Indian River County from Brevard County. Main intersections include Palm Bay Road, Port Malabar Boulevard, Malabar Road, Waco Boulevard, Valkaria Road, Grant Road, Eldron Boulevard, and Cogan Drive.

Water department
In 2009 the utilities department had 545 miles (877 km) of water lines, 300 miles (480 km) of sewer lines, 2,250 fire hydrants, and 120 full-time equivalent employees.[17]

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Schools
• Brevard Community College Palm Bay Campus • Christa McAuliffe Elementary School • Columbia Elementary School • Covenant Christian School • Cornerstone Christan School • Oakwood Academy Charter School • Palm Bay Academy Charter School • Palm Bay Community Charter School • River’s Edge Charter Academy • Discovery Elementary School • John F. Turner Sr. Elementary School • Jupiter Elementary School • Lockmar Elementary School • Palm Bay Elementary School • Port Malabar Elementary School • Riviera Elementary School • St. Joseph Catholic School • Sunrise Elementary School • Westside Elementary School • Southwest Middle School • Bayside High School • Palm Bay High School which actually lies within the city of Melbourne. • High School "CCC" (tentative name "Heritage High School", pending action by the Brevard County School Board, which has scheduled an opening in August 2009) •

Malabar Road - This road connects U.S. 1 along the Indian River (Florida) on the far eastern end of the city to the far western end at the headwaters of the St. Johns River. It is the main road to the town of Malabar, which gives its name to the road and is largely surrounded by Palm Bay. City Hall and Palm Bay Regional Park are located at its western terminus. Main intersections include Interstate 95, Babcock Street, Minton Road, San Filippo Drive, Emerson Drive, Jupiter Boulevard and Eldron Boulevard. • Emerson Drive, Bayside Lakes Boulevard, and Bombardier Boulevard - All 3 roads make a large crescent-shaped roadway. The northern terminus is Amador Avenue, the southern terminus is a dead end in The Compound. There is a dirt road, Emerson Drive, off Degroodt Road. The western terminus of the route is Sappodilla Road. Main intersections include Wingham Drive, Sapodilla Road, Degroodt Road, Eldron Boulevard, Walden Boulevard, Waco Boulevard, Malabar

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Road, Minton Road, and Jupiter Boulevard. Most roads in the area west of DeGroodt Road are unpaved.

Palm Bay, Florida

of Management and Budget. http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/ bulletins/fy2007/b07-01.pdf. Retrieved on 2007-11-25. [7] "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007" • Deanne Bell, an American reality (XLS). U.S. Census Bureau. television show host known for PBS’s http://www.census.gov/population/www/ Design Squad and Discovery Channel’s estimates/metro_general/2007/CBSASmash Lab is originally from Palm Bay EST2007-01.xls. Retrieved on • Xavier Carter, Louisiana State University 2008-07-11. track athlete [8] Albert Hazen Wright, The habitats and • Joe Cohen, San Francisco 49ers defensive composition of the vegetation of tackle Okefinokee Swamp, Georgia, Durham, • Tia Daniels, three time national boxing N.C. : Duke University Press, 1932. champion[18] OCLC 1965132 • Reggie Nelson, Jacksonville Jaguars safety [9] Florida Today retrieved June 19, 2008 • Ezio Flagello, the Italian-American opera [10] Florida Today retrieved July 10, 2008 bass. [11] MC Assembly [12] "City of Palm Bay form of government information". Palm Bay, Florida. http://www.pbfl.org/citycouncil/about/ [1] "Florida by place Population, Housing index.html. Retrieved on 2008-11-11. Units, Area and Density:2000". US [13] "Governor Suspends Mayor". Associated Census Bureau. Press. 26 June 1999. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ http://www.polkonline.com/stories/ GCTTable?_bm=y&062699/sta_mayor.shtml. Retrieved on geo_id=04000US12&-_box_head_nbr=GCT2007-08-18. PH1&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&[14] ^ "Florida Today archive format=ST-7. Retrieved on 2007-07-24. search–keywords john mazzioti prison". [2] "Palm Bay, United States Page". Falling Florida Today. http://nl.newsbank.com/ Rain Genomics. nl-search/we/ http://www.fallingrain.com/world/US/12/ Archives?s_site=floridatoday&f_site=floridatoday&f_ Palm_Bay.html. Retrieved on Retrieved on 2007-08-18. 2007-08-08. [15] Dean, James (April 26, 2008). More taxes [3] ^ "Annual Estimates of the population or fewer services. Florida Today. for the Incorporated Places of Florida" [16] [1] retrieved November 25, 2008 (XLS). US Census Bureau. [17] Moore, Kimberly (24 April 2009). "Care http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/ urged in water testing". Melbourne, tables/SUB-EST2007-04-12.xls. Retrieved Florida: Florida Today. pp. 4B. on 2008-07-11. [18] [2]retrieved October 5, 2008 [4] ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2008-01-31. • City of Palm Bay [5] "US Board on Geographic Names". • Palm Bay - Central Florida Community United States Geological Survey. page - Palm Bay events 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. • Real estate statistics Retrieved on 2008-01-31. [6] "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and guidance on their uses" (PDF). Office

Notable Residents

References

External links

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palm_Bay,_Florida" Categories: Palm Bay, Florida, Cities in Brevard County, Florida

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Palm Bay, Florida

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